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Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Lisa  Gitelman 
Gregory  Jankunis 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Leslie  Fields 


Theresa  M.  Collins 
Gregory  Field 
Aldo  E.  Salerno 
Karen  A.  Detig 
Lorie  Stock 

Robert  Rosenberg 
Director  and  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  Of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

University  Publications  of  America 
Bethesda,  MD 

Edison  signature  used  with  permission  of  McGmw-Edlson  Company 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  1999  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University  '  . 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  including  any  portion  of  the  guide  and  index  or  of 
the  microfilm  may  be  reproduced,  stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted  in  any  form  by  any 
means— graphic,  electronic,  mechanical,  or  chemical,  includingphotocopying,  recordingor  taping, 
or  information  storage  and  retrieval  systems— without  written  permission  of  Rutgers,  The  State 
University,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  hi  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  0-89093-703-6 


Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Director  anti  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Associate  Director  and  Coeditor 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 
Helen  Endick 

Assistant  Director  for  Administration 

Associate  Editors 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Lisa  Gitelman 
Keith  A.  Nier 

Research  Associates 
Gregory  Jankunis 
Lorie  Stock 

Assistant  Editors 
Louis  Carlat 
Aldo  E.  Salerno 


Grace  Kurkowski 

Amy  Cohen 
Bethany  Jankunis 
Laura  Konrad 
Vishal  Nayak 

Student  Assistants 

Jessica  Rosenberg 
Stacey  Saelg 
Wojtek  Szymkowiak 
Matthew  Wosniak 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  National  Park  Service 


Francis  L.  Lawrence 
Joseph  J.  Seneca 
Richard  F.  Foley 
David  M.  Osliinsky 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Howard  L.  Green 

John  Maounis 
Maryanne  Gerbauckas 
Roger  Durham 
George  Tseios 
Smithsonian  Institution 
Bernard  Finn 
Arthur  P.  Molella 


James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
R.  Frank  Colson,  University  of  Southampton 
Louis  Galambos,  Johns  Hopkins  University 
Susan  Hockey,  University  of  Alberta 
Thomas  Parke  Hughes,  University  of  Peiuisylvania 
Peter  Robinson,  Oxford  University 

Philip  Scranton,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology/Hagley  Museum  and  Library 
Merritt  Roe  Smith,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Teclmology 


The  Alfred  P.  Sloan  Foundation 
Charles  Edison  Fund 
Tiie  Hyde  and  Watson  Foundation 
National  Trust  for  the  Humanities 
Geraldine  R.  Dodge  Foundation 

National  Science  Foundation 
National  Endowment  for  the 

National  Historical  Publications  and 
Records  Commission 


Alabama  Power  Company 



Atlantic  Electric 

Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 

Battelle  Memorial  Institute 
The  Boston  Edison  Foundation 
Cabot  Corporation  Foundation,  Inc. 
Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company 
Consolidated  Edison  Company  of  New 
York,  Inc. 

Consumers  Power  Company 
Cooper  Industries 
Corning  Incorporated 
Duke  Power  Company 
Entergy  Corporation  (Middle  South 
Electric  System) 

Exxon  Corporation 

Florida  Power  &  Light  Company 

General  Electric  Foundation 

Gould  Inc.  Foundation 

Gulf  States  Utilities  Company 

David  and  Nina  Heitz 

Hess  Foundation,  Inc. 

Idaho  Power  Company 

IMO  Industries 

International  Brotherhood  of  Electrical 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  II.  Katz 
Matsushita  Electric  Industrial  Co.,  Ltd. 
Midwest  Resources,  Inc. 

Minnesota  Power 
New  Jersey  Bell 
New  York  State  Electric  &  Gas 

North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Philadelphia  Electric  Company 
Philips  Lighting  B.V. 

Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas  Company 

RCA  Corporation 

Robert  Bosch  GmbH 

Rochester  Gas  and  Electric  Corporation 

San  Diego  Gas  and  Electric 

Savannah  Electric  and  Power  Company 

Schering-Plough  Foundation 

Texas  Utilities  Company 

Thomas  &  Betts  Corporation 

Thomson  Grand  Public 

Transamerica  Delaval  Inc. 

Westinghouse  Foundation 
Wisconsin  Public  Service  Corporation 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 

The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 



1901.  Automobile  (D-01-01) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  design  and 
operation  of  automobiles  and  the  use  of  storage  batteries  in  electric  vehicles.  Included  are  letters 
from  the  Electric  Vehicle  Co.  regarding  the  maintenance  and  motors  of  Edison's  own  electric 
vehicles  and  a  letter  from  Hamilton  Twombly,  Jr.,  expressing  satisfaction  with  the  battery  in  his 

1901.  Battery  -  Primary  (D-01-02) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  primary  batteries 
produced  by  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Most  of  the  items  are  letters  from  William  S.  Logue,  sales 
agent,  to  William  E.  Gilmore,  vice  president  and  general  manager.  They  concern  the  use  and 
potential  sales  of  the  batteries  as  well  as  the  activity  of  competitors  in  the  field. 

1901.  Battery  -  Storage  -  General  (D-01-03) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  commercial  and 
technical  development  of  Edison's  alkaline  storage  battery.  Included  are  letters  concerning  electrode 
and  electrolyte  composition,  corporate  organization,  and  patent  matters.  Also  included  are  a  report 
on  the  performance  of  Edison  cells  and  an  article  by  Arthur  E.  Kennelly  entitled  "The  New  Edison 
Storage  Battery."  Among  the  correspondents  are  engineer  William  Slocum  Barstow,  attorney  Richard 
N.  Dyer,  and  vice  president  and  general  manager  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.,  William  E. 

1901.  Battery  -  Storage  -  Foreign  (D-01-04) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  patenting, 
manufacture,  and  sale  of  Edison  storage  batteries  in  Europe.  Most  of  the  correspondence  is  by  or 
addressed  to  the  following  individuals:  Robert  Rafn,  who  assisted  attorneys  working  to  obtain  patents 
in  continental  Europe;  Herman  E.  Dick,  who  was  authorized  by  Edison  to  exploit  the  battery 
commercially  throughout  Europe;  Willis  N.  Stewart,  who  was  seeking  to  purchase  both  the  Edison 
and  the  competing  Jungner  patents;  and  Sigmund  Bergmann,  who  began  to  manufacture  Edison 
storage  batteries  at  his  factory  in  Berlin. 

1 901 .  Dick,  Herman  E.  (D-01  -05)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  the  personal  finances 
and  travel  of  Herman  E.  Dick,  son  of  Edison's  former  associate,  Albert  B.  Dick.  Herman  E.  Dick  was 
involved  with,  among  other  matters,  the  commercial  exploitation  of  patent  rights  for  Edison's  storage 
battery  in  Europe. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  General  (D-01 -06) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  a  variety  of  subjects. 
Included  are  documents  that  deal  with  more  than  one  subject  or  that  do  not  fall  under  the  main 
subject  categories  in  the  Document  File.  Among  the  items  for  1 901  are  a  letter  from  longtime  Edison 
associate  Sigmund  Bergmann;  a  telegram  from  Guglielmo  Marconi;  and  Edison's  comments  on 
physicist  Henry  Rowland  following  Rowland's  death. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Articles  (D-01-07)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  requesting  Edison  to  write  articles  and  letters  from 
journalists  seeking  to  interview  him.  None  of  the  items  received  a  substantive  response. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Book  and  Journal  Orders 
(D-01-08)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  ordering  of  books 
and  journals.  The  few  items  for  1901  attest  to  Edison's  continued  interest  in  chemistry  and  geology 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Clubs  and  Societies  (D-01-09) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  Edison's  membership 
and  activities  in  social  clubs  and  professional  societies.  Included  are  solicitations  from  the  Young 
Men's  Christian  Association  of  the  Oranges  and  the  Franklin  Murphy  Young  Voters  League,  both  of 
which  received  donations  from  Edison. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Employment  (0-01-10) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  from  or  about  employees  and  prospective  employees. 
Most  of  the  correspondence  relates  to  employment  requests  for  the  West  Orange  laboratory.  There 
are  also  letters  soliciting  Edison's  opinion  regarding  former  employees  seeking  positions  elsewhere. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Family  (D-01-11) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  by  and  about  Edison's  family. 
Included  are  numerous  letters  concerning  the  legal  and  financial  interests  of  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Jr., 
as  well  as  a  series  of  reports  from  the  Pinkerton  National  Detective  Agency  pertaining  to  the 
investigation  of  kidnapping  threats  made  against  Edison's  family. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Financial  (D-01-12) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  Edison's  personal 
investments  and  other  financial  interests.  Included  are  items  concerning  Edison's  promissory  notes 
and  accounts,  along  with  routine  letters  from  J.P.  Morgan  &  Co.  regarding  payment  of  the  monthly 
stipend  provided  by  Edison  to  his  daughter,  Marion  Edison  Oeser.  Only  two  items,  one  pertaining 
to  a  payment  by  the  American  Bell  Telephone  Co.  and  the  other  to  a  note  held  by  C.A.  Spofford, 
have  been  selected. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Name  Use  (D-01-13)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  the  use  of  Edison's 
name,  whether  authorized  or  unauthorized,  for  advertising,  trademark,  or  other  purposes.  Items  for 
1901  concern  an  Edison  chemical  ink  and  an  Edison  "electric  comb."  Related  documents  can  be 
found  in  the  Legal  Department  Records.  Items  regarding  the  use  of  the  name  "Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Jr."  can  be  found  in  D-01-11  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Family). 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  - 
Advice  (D-01-14)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  suggesting  improvements  in  Edison's  inventions, 
asking  him  for  advice  on  technical  matters,  or  requesting  his  assistance  in  improving  or  promoting 
inventions.  Also  included  are  unsolicited  letters  from  inventors  about  their  work.  No  record  of  a 
significant  response  by  Edison  has  been  found  for  any  of  these  items. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  - 
Business  (D-01-15)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  from  individuals  requesting  agencies  for 
Edison's  inventions  or  seeking  to  do  business  with  Edison. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  - 
Foreign  Language  (D-01-16)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  untranslated  letters  to  Edison.  Unsolicited  foreign-language  documents 
accompanied  by  translations  or  English-language  summaries  can  be  found  in  other  "Edison,  T.A.  - 
Unsolicited  Correspondence"  folders. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  - 
Personal  (D-01-17)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  routine  personal  requests,  fan  mail,  and  other  items  for  which  no  record 
of  a  significant  response  by  Edison  has  been  found.  Included  are  letters  asking  Edison  for 
educational  advice,  personal  information,  charitable  contributions,  exhibits  of  his  inventions,  and 
other  favors. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Visitors  (D-01-18)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  routine  letters  of  introduction  and  routine  requests  to  visit  Edison  or  tour 
his  West  Orange  laboratory.  Substantive  letters  from  individuals  who  visited  the  laboratory  or 
company  shops  on  business  can  be  found  in  the  appropriate  subject  folders. 

1901.  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  (D-01-19) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Included  are  letters  concerning  the  use  of  phonoplex  circuits  by  the 
Western  Union  Telegraph  Co.,  the  sale  of  used  machine  tools  to  Ralph  H.  Beach  of  the  Pianophone 
Co.,  and  the  purchase  of  a  phonograph  reproducer  and  phonograph  recordings  by  William  S.  Logue, 
a  sales  agent  for  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  There  are  also  letters  pertaining  to  the  company's 
claim  against  the  Hicks  Gas  Engine  Co.  of  Buffalo,  New  York.  Among  the  correspondents  is  William 
E.  Gilmore,  vice  president  and  general  manager  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Other  items  in  the 
Document  File  relating  to  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  can  be  found  in  D-01-02  (Battery  -  Primary) 
and  in  D-01-28  (Motion  Pictures). 

1901.  Edison-Saunders  Compressed  Air  Company  (D-01-20) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison-Saunders  Compressed  Air  Co.  Included  are  patent-related  correspondence  and  a  license 
agreement  between  the  Edison-Saunders  Co.  and  the  H.  K.  Porter  Co.  of  Pittsburgh. 

1901.  Electric  Light  -  General  (D-01-21) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  electric  lighting, 
traction,  and  power.  Included  are  letters  regarding  a  photograph  of  the  electric  railway  at  Menlo  Park 
and  the  disposition  of  the  original  locomotive;  a  communication  about  the  annual  meeting  of  the 
Association  of  Edison  Illuminating  Companies;  and  a  request,  misdirected  to  the  West  Orange 
laboratory,  for  repairs  on  a  General  Electric  dynamo. 

1901.  Exhibitions  (0-01-22) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  concerning  industrial  and  electrical  expositions  in  Paris 
(1 900)  and  in  Buffalo,  New  York  (1 901 ).  Most  of  the  items  pertain  to  the  Buffalo  display  of  Sigmund 
Lubin's  motion  picture  apparatus  and  films,  which  Edison  believed  infringed  his  own  patents. 

1901.  Fort  Myers  (D-01-23) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  memoranda,  and  freight  receipts  relating  to  Edison's 
home  and  property  at  Fort  Myers,  Florida.  Included  are  items  concerning  Edison's  schedule, 
insurance  policies,  and  paint  and  supplies. 

1901.  Mining  -  General  (D-01-24) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  mining  and  ore  milling. 
Included  are  letters  pertaining  to  ore  separators  and  to  ores  and  mines  in  which  Edison  expressed 
an  interest. 

1901.  Mining  -  Dry  Placer  Process  (D-01-25) 

This  folder  contains  inquiries  regarding  Edison's  dry  placer  process  for  the  separation  of  gold 
ore.  The  majority  of  these  inquiries  were  made  by  mine  owners  in  response  to  an  advertisement 
Edison  placed  in  the  Denver  Mining  Reporter  and  the  San  Francisco  Mining  and  Scientific  Press. 
Each  correspondent  was  sent  a  questionnaire  soliciting  "placer  data." 

1901.  Mining  -  Mines  and  Ores  (D-01-26)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  mines  and  ores  to  be 
bought,  sold,  worked,  or  tested.  Many  of  the  items  deal  with  the  mining  interests  of  companies  or 
individuals  who  wanted  to  lease  or  sell  property  to  Edison  or  have  their  ores  tested.  None  of  the 
inquiries  received  a  substantive  response  from  Edison. 

1901.  Mining  -  Ortiz  Mine  (D-01-27) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  Edison's  dry  placer 
process  for  the  separation  of  gold  ore  at  the  Ortiz  Mine  in  Dolores,  New  Mexico.  Included  are  reports 
to  Edison  and  to  the  Galisteo  Co.,  which  had  agreed  to  spend  up  to  $15,000  on  the  experimental 

1901.  Motion  Pictures  (D-01-28) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  production  and 
commercial  development  of  motion  picture  films.  Included  are  documents  pertaining  to  litigation 
against  or  negotiations  with  competing  firms,  such  as  the  Kleine  Optical  Co.,  the  American 
Mutoscope  &  Biograph  Co.,  and  the  Armat  Motion  Picture  Co.  Among  the  correspondents  are 
William  E.  Gilmore,  vice  president  and  general  manager  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.;  James 
H.  White,  manager  of  the  Film  Department;  and  the  law  firm  of  Dyer,  Edmonds  &  Dyer.  Related 
material  can  be  found  in  D-01-22  (Exhibitions). 

1901.  Patents  (D-01-29) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  foreign  and  domestic 
patent  applications,  patent  litigation,  and  other  patent  matters.  Most  of  the  material  consists  of 
letters  to  Edison  from  the  law  firm  of  Dyer,  Edmonds  &  Dyer  and  correspondence  from  parties  in 
Europe  concerning  storage  battery  patents.  Included  is  evidence  of  Edison’s  effort  to  block  the 
American  Graphophone  Co.  from  obtaining  patents  in  Germany. 

1901.  Phonograph  -  General  (D-01-30) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  technical  and 
commercial  development  of  phonographs.  Included  are  letters  from  phonograph  users,  a 
memorandum  in  Edison's  hand  regarding  phonograph  patents,  and  an  incomplete  letter  from 
William  E.  Gilmore  to  Edison  concerning  the  commercial  exploitation  of  the  phonograph  in  Europe. 
Also  included  is  a  statement  of  the  foreign  marketing  business  conducted  by  Charles  E.  Stevens 
as  of  December  1900,  along  with  memoranda  by  Edison  ordering  the  distribution  of  the  balance 
received  from  Stevens. 

1901.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Works 
(D-01-31)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  Phonograph  Works.  Included  are  five  letters  from  Samuel  Insull  regarding  the  renewal  and 
discounting  of  notes,  as  well  as  perfunctory  statements  of  account,  letters  of  acknowledgment, 
and  bids  for  carpentry  and  masonry  jobs  at  the  Works. 

1901.  Phonograph  -  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company  (D-01-32) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.  and  other  companies  organized  to  exploit  the  Edison  phonograph 
in  countries  other  than  the  United  States  and  Canada,  Included  are  items  concerning  the 
company’s  financial  problems,  litigation  with  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works,  and  the  business  of 
the  Deutsche  Edison-Phonographen-Gesellschaft  and  its  competitors.  The  unsigned  letters  at  the 
beginning  and  end  of  the  folder  are  by  Stephen  F.  Moriarty,  vice  president  of  the  Edison  United 
Phonograph  Co.  Related  material  can  be  found  in  the  Legal  Department  Records. 

1901.  Phonograph  -  Moriarty,  Stephen  F. 

(D-01-33)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  personal  correspondence  by  or  addressed  to  Stephen  F.  Moriarty,  vice 
president  of  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.  Most  of  the  items  are  letters  between  Moriarty  and 
individuals  in  Paris  whom  he  sought  to  interest  in  a  scheme  to  control  the  entire  traction  system  of 

1901.  West  Orange  Laboratory  (D-01-34) 

This  folder  contains  memoranda,  correspondence,  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
operation  of  the  West  Orange  laboratory.  Included  are  lists  made  by  Edison  of  chemicals  to  be 
obtained,  correspondence  pertaining  to  insurance  and  machine  tools  for  the  lab,  and  orders  directed 
to  the  laboratory  storekeeper.  Also  included  is  correspondence  between  Edison  and  the  Essex  and 
Hudson  Gas  Co.  regarding  an  agreement  to  supply  the  laboratory,  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works 
and  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co. 

1901.  Automobile  (D-01-01) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
design  and  operation  of  automobiles  and  the  use  of  storage  batteries  in  electric 
vehicles.  Included  are  letters  from  the  Electric  Vehicle  Co.  regarding  the 
maintenance  and  motors  of  Edison's  own  electric  vehicles  and  a  letter  from 
Hamilton  Twombly,  Jr.,  expressing  satisfaction  with  the  battery  in  his 

Approximately  15  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
items  not  selected  include  notes  and  invoices  regarding  parts  and  supplies  for 
automobiles  and  for  electric  motors. 

Gujy(~fTv*~&bi  1^, 

HARTFORD,  CONN.,  U.  S.  A. 


o/o  Edison's  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

. January  14th.  1901. 



r  yAf. 

Aaaording  to  instructions  from  Mr.  Day  as  a  result  of  Mr.  J.M.  Hill's 
negotiations  with  you,  we  beg  to  state  that  v:e  are  shipping  you  by  express 
to-day  one  of  our  standard  ■rwwwfaie  motors. 

As  this  motor  stands,  its  rating  now  is  75  volts,  SO  amperes  and 
1400  revolutions  per  minute. 

We  give  you  this  information  thinking  it  may  possibly  be  of  value. 

Trusting  that  the  motor  will  roaoli  you  and  will  neat  your  requirements, 
we  beg  to  remain. 

Very  truly  yours, 






Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edll 
Dear  Sir:- 

Alluding  to 

^  Winter  15t: 

•ange,  N. J. 

•  conversation  on  t! 

visit  to  you  with  Messrs.  Hughes  and  Beach,-  I  desi] 

Bay  that  I 

have  arranged  to  send  you,  for  trial,  two  automobile  Vaotors,-  one  a 
GE-1007  and  one  a  GE-1005;  also  an  S-ll  controller;-  in  order  that 
you  may  examine  and  try  this  apparatus  thoroughly* 

As  I  said  to  you,-  we  have  not  hesitated  to  put  enough 
material  into  these  machines  to  allow  great  sturdiness  of  design, 
mechanical  strength  and  reliability,-  and  we  have  aimed  to  supply 
sufficient  material  in  our  magnetic  and  electrlo  circuits  so  that 

the  molecular  activity  may  he  comparatively  low  at  normal  outputs, 
end  the  motors  have  all  been  built  to  withstand  very  large  overloads 
without  material  decrease  in  efficiency  without  sparking  and  without 

heat ing. 

You  will  find  the  GE-1007  motor,  giving  about  76.5  %  ef¬ 
ficiency  at  nonaal  load,-  or  a  little  more,-  and  the  GE-1005  giving 
about  81  %  at  normal  load*  You  will  also  find  that  these  effi¬ 
ciencies  are  well  maintained  a$'150*$  overload*  You  will  find  the 
brake  horse  power  to  be  fu  lly  UP  to  the  rated  amount  and  you  will 
also  find,  I  believe,  that  these  motors,-  considering  that  they  are 
series  wound  motors*-  lack  to  a  marked  degree  the  fault  of  lying  down 
in  speed  and  torquefwhen  heavy  grades  or  other  severe  servicels 

o jj -  GENERAL  ELECTRIC  COMPANY.  HOV. 15,1901. 

(Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison.) 


The  normal  vending  of  these  motors  is  for  85  volts;  .  the 
GE-1007  is  rated  for  .87  HP  and  the  GEML005  for  1.48  HP. 

I  would  call  your  attention  particularly  to  the  substan¬ 
tial  construction  of  the  armatures,  field  colls,  etc.,  and  to  the 
ease  of  making  suoh  repairs  as  may,  at  times,  he  necessary,  in  any 
automobile  motor. 

TShile  moBt  other  makers  are  Btill  regarding  as  dominant 
factors  In  design, exceedingly  light  weight  with  high  normal  effi¬ 
ciency  only,-  we  have  endeavored  to  look  at  the  business  from  such 
a  commercial  standpoint  as  will  obtain,  two  or  three  years  hence,, 
and  are  making  motors  more  nearly  conforming  to  street  car  practice 
in  weight,-  looking  for  high  average  efficiency  at  normal  and  heavy 


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1901.  Battery  -  Primary  (D-01-02) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  primary  batteries  produced  by  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Most  of  the 
items  are  letters  from  William  S.  Logue,  sales  agent,  to  William  E.  Gilmore, 
vice  president  and  general  manager.  They  concern  the  use  and  potential 
sales  of  the  batteries  as  well  as  the  activity  of  competitors  in  the  field. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 


,  -P-  • 

•  •  \^D\  ■ 



Must  be  equal  to  the  "Horsehead"  brand  supplied  by  the 
New  Jersey  Zinc  Co.  '  . 

Must "be  free  from  lead,  arsenic  and  antimony  and  should, 
not. have  more  than  a  trace. of  iron. 

«Bro*Vie-,  *7e  oteo ,  ^jwy^ttdfmtmp'iaettgiaa^J 

Hereafter  oxitle  platen  should  Tit:  made  the.  followinc 


"Q,"  Platon,  10  or,. 

"R"  •'  18  or,. 

"E"  "  7  or,, 

Special  platen  wJiioh  vro  make  for  tlie  General  Electric  Cio, 

should  he  respectively: 

"Q"  8  1/2  on. 

"H"  17  on. 


J.  R.  S, 

New  Y- rk,  Sept  12th,  1901. 

Mr.  Gilmore :- 

During  the  conversation,  I  had  rath  Mr  Sperry  yester¬ 
day,  he  informed  me  J»  that  the  Scr£hern  Railway,  were  working  on 
specifications  for  a  signal  insulation  and  that  Mr.  Daves  formerly 
of  the  Central  Railroad  of  New  Jersey  had  charge  of  the  work.  It 
is  expected  that  the  specifications  will  be  ready  in  about  a  month 
Do  you  think  it  would  be  a  good  idea  to  write  our  friend  Darlton, 
in  reference  to  the  matter. 

I  also  met  mMr.  Adams  who  informed  mo  that  the  Signal  Engineer  of 
the  Pittsburg  Division  of  the  B  &  0  R  R  called  on  him  a  short  time 
ago  to  talk  over  Signal  matters  with  him.  He  says  that  the  B  &  0 
are  again  talking  about  equipping  the  Pittsburg  Division,  which  is 
a  hundred  and  fifty  miles  long,  with  Signals.  On  account  of  the 
interest  the  Pennsylvania  Company  have  in  the  B  &  0  ,  it  is  pre¬ 
sumed  that  the  Union  Switch  and  Signal  Company  will  do  this  work, 
During  the  last  talk  I  had  with  our  B  &  0  friend,  I  was  informed 

that  the  Edison  Company  wcvild  furnish  the  battery  for  all  the  B  & 

0  signals.  You  understand  this. 

I  tried  to  look  up  our  friend 


the  Statten  Island  Road  found 

that  he  was  away. 

As  requested  I  went  to  Washington,  on  Thursday  night,  aid 
found  that  Mr.  Dalton,  was  absent  from  the  oity,  and  that  his  return 
was  in  doubt,  hut  certainly  not  before  the  early  part  of  this  week. 

I  also  learned  that  Mr.  Daves,  wAb  out  on  the  road  nearly  all 
of  the  time,  and  his  return  was  also  doubtful;  he  was  not  in  his  office 
on  Friday.  I  called  on  Gen'l.  Supt.,of  Transportation,  Mr.  Peddle,  he 
remembered  that  you  and  I  called  upon  him  with  Mr.  Darlt 09  sometime  ago; 
after  a.  pleasant  talk,  about  some  old  mutual  friends,  I  asked  him  if  his 

company  anticipated  installing  any  signals  on  their  line;  he  replied 
"yes  and  no"  "We  are  of  course  talking  about  installing  signals  on  the 
same  portion  of  the  road  that  Whs  talked  of  when  you  were  her  e"  I  then 
asked  him  about  how  soon  lib  thought  the  specifications  would  be  ready,  he 
replied  "it  is  hard  "to  tell,  maybe  not  for  a  couple  of  years"  This  of 
coulee  did  hot. satisfy  me.  I  tola  Mr.  Peddle,  that  we  would  like  to 
fUiW'th^baUery,  Bftfdrq  1  had  finished,  he  br$ke  $.n  rind  Said,  "There 
y'^l-anty  of  time. 

7-1  tfcl&vhim  thfti  dn  all  of  tiie  signals,  liistailttd'  ill  the  last 
41,^  > c’the ■BddBon-B^tfefy,  fyac}.  been  u$dd  on  the-  rfty  York  gcnthA 

t  jfft*  Michigan  Central,  The  J>.  I,*  ^  w.  Th$  B.  *  0.  The 
S,  4f\d  pjfyiir  ro&Afr I,  it  <*itt*4'^ the  Jersey  <5entr^l 
Paygs.  | _  ■  " 

W.  E.  Gilmore 


Date  Sept.,  16,  Sheet  No.  2 

He  Replied,  “Mr.  Bogus,  your  company  shall  have  the  opportunity  of 
b;Lddlpg  on  the  battery"  I  then  said  "Mr.  Peddle,  I  should  like  to  call 
again,  before  the. bide  on  the  battery  are  wanted,  how  soon  shall  I  call?" 
he  replied, "in  three  or  four  months"  1  then  bald,'  "I  ain  going  to  •:  U 

Chicago,  today,  and  will  be  back  in  six  weeks  or  two  months,  and  it  it 
will  be  convenient  to  you,  I  will  pall  and.  see  you."  He  said  "Ohl  that 
will  be  plenty  early  enough,  and  1  shall  be  glad  to  see  you"  The  inter¬ 
view  ended  here. 

I  at  onoe  went  to  the  B.  &  0.  Depot,  to  see  if  I  eould  locate 
Mr.  Seldon,  I  thought  it  would  be  a  good  idea  to  get  him  to  call  on 
Gen'l,  Mngr.  Gannon,  or  Mr.  Peddle.  I  learned  that  he  had  left  Balti¬ 
more,  on  Friday  morning,  for  New  York. 

^  will  write  both  Mr.  Dalton,  and  Mr.  Seldon,  today  or  to¬ 
morrow,;  Bending  you  a  copy  of fmy  letters  to  both  gentlemen;  also  advising 
you  when  I  hear  from  them. 

Yours  very  truly, 


■  JW&U 




Sept. ,  16,  /<?£>/ 

Mr.  c.  A.  Darlton, 

Supt.,  Telegraph,  Southern  Ry. , 

Washington,  D.  C. 

My  Dear  Chari ie:- 

Why  in  the  Dickon’ a  don’t  you  stay  in  Washington,  ooasaionally 
bo  that  your^eionds  can  nee  you  when  they  oall.  What  in  this  I  hear 
about  your  company  getting  up  specifications  for  signals?  1  am  informed 
that  Hr.  Daves,  is  now  working  on  ^pacifications  for  signaling  your  line 
from  Charlotteville ,  to  Washington!  What  show  have  we  for  getting  the 
order  for  the  battery?  Will  you  bo  our  Agent,  and  see  that  we  get  it? 

We  of  course  will  assist  you  in  ever;-  way  possible.  I  presume 
that  you  know  that  tho  following  roads  have  adopted  the  Edison  battery,- 
as  their  Standard,  and  that  all  of  the  signals  on  the  road  are  equipped 
with  the  same.  The  Central  S.  R.  of  hew  Jersey,  the  B.  &  0.  The  Hew 

York  Central,  The  V/est  Shore,  The  Illinois  Central,  The  Chicago  &  Alton 

Railway,  The  Northern  Puoiflo,  the  C.  &  E.  I,,  The  D.  I.  &  W.  and  the 
Michigan  Central,  are  at  present  using  thousands  of  our  oells  and  are*fast 
as  possible  changing  all  other  types  of  battery  for  the  Edison.  I 
omitted  the  C.  H.  0.  &  T.  P,  Ry, ,  from  the  first  list.  The  ub o ve e ftpp  1  i OB 
to  the  Semaphore  signals. 

A  large  number  of  the  roads  are  using  our  batte  ies  on  the 

oro suing  bells.  If  you  need  a  list  of  these  I  oan  furnish  you  with  the 

same,  ..." 

The  best  oell  for  Bignal  work  1b  the  type  “S  S’  I  an  Bendjtng 
you  under  separate  oover  one  of  our  catalogues,  as  wall  as  ono  of  our 

•  )  ;  .  ' 

C.  A.  Dari ton  Sept.,  16,  2 

booklets,.  .  ... 

A  test  was  made  by  the  Union  Switoh  and  gignal  company,  of 
Swissvale,  Penna, ,  last  winter,  of  all  the  Caustic  Soda  Batteries! 
the  Gordon,  The  Waterbury  and  The  Edison  Battery,  an  well  as  the  United 
States  Storage  Cells,  The  "S  S"  cell,  proved  to  ho  the  most  proficient 
at  all  the  cells.  You  will  sec  hy  the  abov^,  that  we  are  offering  your 
cOitpany ,  the  very  best  battery  on  tho  market.  7  A  battery  that  I  oan 
assure  you  will  givo  your  company  the  very  best  servioe, 

When  in  Washington  on  Friday,  I  found  that  you  were  away,  and 
I  called  on  Jit,  Peddle,  endeavoring  to  find  out  how  soon  the  specification^ 
would  be  up.  Mr.  Pfeddle,  told  mo  that  he  oould  not  tell,  .as 
the  matter  had  not  progressed  fox  enough  for  him  tc  nay.  It  ’^b  very 
important  that  y;e  get  the- bat.tory  named  in  the  specifications*  .  ,  This 
is  what  we  want  done  for  a  oertainity.  If  you  oan  assist  us  in  any  way 
it  v/ill  be  more  than  appreciated  by  all  connected  with  our  oorapany. : 

Kindly  let  me  hear  from  you.  Anything  you  may  write  me,  will  be  j 
communicated  to  no  one  but  Mr.  Gilmore,  who  will  I  know,  oonsider  it  ae  ! 
Striotly  confidential  as  myself,-  ■  j 

Yours  very  truly,  j 



Western  Sales  Agt  'j 

P  K  R  S  0  IT  A  Li 

Sept.,  16; 

C.  Seldon, 

Supt.,  Telegraph,  B.  &  0.  R.  R,t 

Baltiiaora ,  Ud, 

r  Dear  Charlie  : - 

1  waa  in  Washington,  on  Friday  and  inquired .gram  your  office  in 
iltimore,  if  you  were  in  tho  city.  They  informed  me  that  you  had  left 
Jr  Hew  York,  that  morning.  when  do  you  expeot  to  he  in  Chicago, 
ld  "ftV™  sure  01111  01411  at  144  Ave,,  before  you  leave  the 

Lty  on'  the  beautiful  lake?  I  have  ei^ew  matters  which  t  rouxd  likr 
3  talk  over  with  you. 

Yours  very  truly, 


3  R  s  oim. 

1  j  I  .^(JEicago,  Sept.  ,-25,  1901. 


Mr.  w.  B.  Gilmore,  ' 

V.  P.ifl.  W,  Bdiflpn  l£fe^  Cotff* 

Referring  to  the  report  pent  you  of  toy  visit  to  Washington, 
tftd  oopy  of  jny  letter  t6  IBN  barlton,  which  I  sent  you,  ahd  the  copy  of 
his  reply  which  t  alsft  sent  ypu. 

You  will  nets'  that  He  made  ho  reply  to  that  part  of  my  letter 
attfkiftg  him  if  he'wMilcf'  aecfc  as  a^eht.  -  If  the  facts  are  as  he  states 
Wi  Dares,  lb  obly*'  getting  up  a  diagram,  and  not  specifications, 
therS-  will  he  ^lpu.ty  pf  to  take  the  Matter  up  a  little  later,  you 

will,  remember  that  «r»  Peddle,  also  told  me  that  there  wai?  plenty  of  tifte. 
l&v  Pari  ton,  ^iromis^<f  to  write  me  as  soon  as  he  saw  Ur.  haves,  thiB  has 
been.  a  week  or  "tytfj  plays  ago;  of  course  it  is  possible  that  he  has  not 
seen  him,  hut  it.  seehs  to  me  that  if  the  gentlemen  felt  very  much  inter¬ 
ested  in  the  matter  we  should  have  heard  from  him  before  this. 

You  will  remember  we  discussed  getting  our  friend  in  Balimore 
lfr&erested  enough  in- the  matter  to  call  upon  Gen'l.  Mnfer. ,  Gannon,  and 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company 

To  "W..  E.  Gilmore 

Date  gept.  25th  Sheet  No.  2 

whatc-puld  ’b.e  Mn*',  or  what  cotild  ho  foukd  6^, 

J3ie  Baltimore  expected  i'ti  .ChiohgOj  ik  a  nfrfiek  or  b6. 

Have  you  ,aijy  .suggeationrf'  to  nfkitd  aa  to  Hofr  I'  should  talk  to 
will  understand  this,  without  mklng  it  any  plainer* 

i  iedppaBe  I  Will  W  dejce#  jfrj  to  tl>e  ^timber  of  cells  of  batt- 
arlCB  that  3i«ve  his  4k'  furklshod  to  the  Hall  Signal  Cbtepanp,  on  the'  twenty- 
five  hhndxjed>cel^.3  <jrdeco«^  fhat  tep3,y  shall  I 

yo^s  yery  tpu^y, 



Mr.  Vogel  surprised  me  this  morning  by  telling  me  in  striot 
confidence,  that  his  Company  controlled  the  foundation  Patent  for  the 
Oxide  Scale  Battery. 

He  claims  that  they  can  close  up  the  Gordon,  Waterbury,  and 
Nunguesser  Comapnies.  He  claims  that  the  Patent  has  about  nine  or  ten 
years  to  run.  He  says  hb;..  thinks-  that  it  could  be  arranged  with  his  Company 
to  enter  into  an  agreemeht  with  the  Edison  people  to  use  the  Edison  Battery 
exclusively,  for  the  crossing  Bell  Signal  work. 

"  I  presume  that  you  know  that  the  Railroad  Supply  Co,,  controls 
all  the  Railroad  Crossing  Signals,  with  the  exception  of  the  Hall,  and  the 
Union  Switch  &  Signal  Companies,  crossing  bell." 

The  Signal  Companies  do  very  little  crossing  bell  work  on 
account  of  the  high  price  of  their  appliance. 

Mr.  Vogel  says  that  he  is  under  the  impression  that  Jiis  Company 
would  bring  suit  against  the  thfee  Companies  first  mentioned  in  this  letter* 
that  is  if  a  satisfactory  arrangment  could  be  made  with  his  Company,  to 
handle  our  goods.  He  also  informed  me  that  his  Company  contemplated  going 
into  the  Battery  business,  and  he  personally  would  prefer  to  make  some 
arrangment  with  us.  He  intimated  that  he  would  want  a  special  type  of  cell 
made  so  that  his  Company  would  be  protected  on  renewals  etc. 

I  told  Mr.  Vogel  that  you  were  expected  in  Chicago  most  any 
day,  and  if  he  was  in  the  City  When  you  arrived,  I  would  try  and  arrange 
a  meeting.  He  goes  away  tonight  or  tomorrow  night  to  be  gone  about  a  week. 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company 

To  W.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq.,  Date  Sheet  No.  2, 

I  of  course  did  not  commit  myself  in  any  way,  saying  that  when 
you  and  he  got  together  the  matter  could  he  soon  fixed  up. 

He  said  that  he  knew  exactly  what  the  Gordon  people  as  well  as 
ourselves  had  paid  out  for  commission  to  Railroad  people,  and  to  whom. 

He  would  not  give  me  these  figures,  hut  claimed  that  we  had  two  men  on  our 
list.  I  positively  denied  thiB,  he  insisted  that  he  was  right,  hepause  in 
two  cases  the  Gordon  people  had  to  raise  the  commission  in  order  to  get 
the  business.  I  still  insisted  that  ho  one  was  receiving  commission  from 

He  tqlls  me  that  he  had  befen  investigating  the  Battery 
business  for  more  than  a  year,  and  as  proof  that  he  was  doing  so,  he  gave 
me  the  followihg  figures. 

The  Gordon  Battery  sales  in  96  wad,  $24,900,  in  97,  $41,400, 
in  98,  $59,536,  in  99,  $81,321,  the  firBt  quarter  in  1900,  $36.360r  seppnd 
quarter  $29,854,  this  is  as  far  as  he  has. 

After  he  gave  me  these  figure  I  said,  have  you  our  figurth?  he 
smiled  and  said,  I  Will  not  tell. 

I  should  judge  from  the  above  that  there  is  a  leak  in  the 
Gordon  Office.  Are  there  any  at  Orange  ?  Of  course  all  the  above  was 
given  in  strictest  cdftfidence. 

When  do  you  expect  to  be  in  Chicago. 

YourB  very  truly, 

EDISOH^^^^^^JR^rfiO . 

y^ptern  Sales  Ageht. 

W.  E,  Gilmore,  Esq., 

Vice  Pres.  &  Gep.Mgr.,  EdiBon  Mfg.Co,, 

Orange,  NT  J, 

Dear  -  SiV:- 

X  succeeded  this  morning  in  getting  an  order  from  Mr.  Vogel 
of  the  Railway  Supply  Co,,  amounting  a  little  over  $200,  I  will  mail  a 
to  Orapge  either,  this  afternoon  or  tomorrow  mornigg, 

I  quoted  him  33-l/3^  on  complete  cells,  and  3C»^  on  renewals. 
Yours  very  truly, 

J  RfcCiiiV'ti/i 
I  HwV,  "(l-lOtii  .1 



■  ^ 

Western  saleV> 

1901.  Battery  -  Storage  -  General  (D-01-03) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  commercial  and  technical  development  of  Edison's  alkaline  storage 
battery.  Included  are  letters  concerning  electrode  and  electrolyte 
composition,  corporate  organization,  and  patent  matters.  Also  included  are 
a  report  on  the  performance  of  Edison  cells  and  an  article  by  Arthur  E. 
Kennelly  entitled  "The  New  Edison  Storage  Battery."  Among  the 
correspondents  are  engineer  William  Slocum  Barstow,  attorney  Richard  N. 
Dyer,  and  vice  president  and  general  manager  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing 
Co.,  William  E.  Gilmore. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 
Among  the  items  not  selected  are  multiple  drafts  and  copies  of  Kennelly's 
article  and  routine  patent  documents. 



Broad  &  chestnut  Streets 


February  15th.  1901. 

Thomas  A.  Mi  son,  Esq., 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  sir?  y* 

We  find  that  about  a  year  ago  the  Electric  Storage  Battery 
Company  employed  about  six  hundred  hands,  bui/that  their  business 
has  materially  fallen  off  and  that  they  are' now  employing  from  250 
to  300.  About  a  year  ago,  when  there  was'  a  sharp  decline  in  the 
price  of  their  stock,  they  issued  a  circular  to  explain  matters, 
which,  however,  did  pot  result  in  any  benefit,  and  the  stock  has 
continued  to  decline.  Recently  they  /ssued  another  circular, 
giving  information  as  to  the  extent  If  their  business.  One  of  our 
friends,  who  is  in  position  to  act  intelligently,  has  promised 
to  get  us  this  printed  matter,  whihh,  when  received,  we  will  for¬ 
ward  to  you.  / 



Broad  &  Chestnut  Streets 

Philadelphia.  February  18th.  1901'. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,.  IT.  J. 

Dear  sir: 

We  enclose  herewith  a  pamphlet  containing  a  statement 
made  to  the  .Board  of  Di recto rs.  of  the  Electric  Storage  Battery 
Coup  any  on  December  12th.  1899.  You  will  also  observe  a  recent 
clipping  which,  shows,  that  they  paid  on  their  preferred  stock 
on  January  2nd.  1901.  ye  do  net  understand  that  any  dividends  have 
been  paid  on  the  common. 


Statement  of  Business  made  to  the 
Board  of  Directors 


The  Electric  Storage  Battery  Co. 

at  their  meeting 

December  13,  1899 


Statement  of  Business  made  to  the 
Board  of  Directors 


The  Electric  Storage  Battery  Co 

at  their  meeting 


December  n,  1899. 

To  the  Board  of  Directors, 

The  Electric  Storage  Battery  Company. 
Gentlemen  : 

The  sales  of  the  Company  for  the  year  1899 
will  amount  to  approximately  three  and  one  half 
million  dollars,  an  increase  of  nearly  three  hundred 
per  cent,  over  1898,  when  the  business  was  one 
million  and  a  third.  This  increase  has  come  from 
the  wider  use  of  batteries  and  it  is  a  constantly 
increasing  ratio.  Thus  the  last  quarter  of  the  year 
shows  a  business  of  over  a  million  dollars  gross, 
and  the  Company  carries  over* to  1900,  unfilled 
orders  aggregating  $980,000,  with  over  $500,000  in 
addition  of  work  ready  to  bill  but  undelivered. 


The  net  profits  on  the  business  in  1898  was  slightly 
over  22%  as  shown  by  the  annual  report.  In  1899, 
with  general  charges  spread  over  a  larger  business, 
as  they  will  be,  I  estimate  the  profit  at  about  25%. 
In  other  words  the  current  business  is  earning  about 
$250,000  per  quarter  or  exceeding  a  rate  of  6% 
upon  the  outstanding  capital  stock.  This  is  inde¬ 
pendent  of  any  dividends  from  vehicle  stocks,  which 
at  rates  paid  last  year  would  give  us  from  stocks  in 
our  treasury  an  additional  sum  of  $80,000  quarterly, 
or  an  additional  2%  annually  upon  our  stock,  show¬ 
ing  that  our  present  net  earnings,  including  income 
from  stocks  in  the  treasury,  are  upon  a  basis  of  about 
eight  per  cent,  per  annum  upon  the  capital  stock. 

A  conservative  view  of  our  business  shows  that 
if  we  maintain  during  1900  the  rate  of  business  of 
the  current  quarter,  the  net  profits  will  more  than 
pay  6ft  on  the  stock  independent  of  the  income 
from  other  sources,  and  from  increased  output ;  and 
there  is  every  reason  to  expect  that  the  present 
rate  will  not  only  be  maintained  but  increased  two 

or  three  times  over.  Since  the  enforcement  recently 
•  of  the  injunction  against  infringements  of  our  pat¬ 
ents,  opposition  has  practically  ceased. 

The  Company  has  no  floating  debt,  owes 
nothing  except  small  current  bills  not  exceeding 
altogether  $60,000  and  has  no  bonded  or  other 

It  is  apparent  that  dividends  should  be  paid  to 
the  stockholders  at  an  early  date,  as  the  returns  show 
a  net  earning  capacity  of  eight  per  cent,  at  this  time. 

Respectfully  submitted, 



18th,  1901* 

My  Dear  Mr,  Eclison:- 

Wont  you  send  me  a  short  agreement  cover-* 
infi  0Mr  conversation  of  yesterday  relative  to  the  purchase  of 
your  new  battery.  The  terms  as  discussed  being  satisfactory  to 
you,  it  will  aid  arid  protect  me  during  my  negotiations  to  know 
that,  you  and  your  Company  will  deliver  to  me  or  my  nominees  and 
assigns  at  the  price  and  upon  th®  terms  discussed  by  us  vizs 
$3,000, 000  cash;  yon  to  retain  right  to  manufacture  and  sell 
batteries  to  us  at  20  %  over  shop  cost;  purchaser  to  maintain 
open  market  at  50  ?>  over  selling  price  of  batteries  to  us  by 
your  Company;  your  Opmpany  to  have  50#  percent  of  any  reduction 
in  cost  of  manufacturing  after  10,000  batteries  have  been  pro¬ 
duced;  your  Company- to  construct  and  maintain  plant  with  suf¬ 
ficient.  capacity  to  supply  market;  all  patents  covering  the  art 
(including  station  batteries)  or  improvements  thereon  now  owned 
by  you  or  your  Company  or  to  be  taken  out  by  you  or  your  Company 
for  five  years  from  purchase  to  pass  to  us  and  be  included  in 
above  terms.  The  above  substantially  covers  the  matter;  details 
can  be  arranged. 

I  do  not  want  to  do  a  lot  of  work  on  a  matter 
of  this  magnitude  and  find  when  ready  to  close  that  I  am  bid¬ 
ding  against  the  field.  No  more  do  I  feel  that  you  would  place 
me  dm  that  position; for  these  reasons  I  suggested  a  figure  . 
which  would  be  so  high  that  you  could  not  refuse  it,  thus  enabling 
you  to  discount  the  future  and  still  retain  a  fine  manufacturing 

■business  ,  while  I  would  have  the  opportunity  of  placing  the 
business  in  strong  hands  at  a  profit  and  vrithout  fear  of  anyone 
going  over  or  under  me. 

Knowing  your  keen  spirit  of  both  business  and  fairness, 

I  feel  that  you  would  not  place  me  in  this  position  and  hence  I 
ask  for  the  above, which  will  enable  me  to  get  in  a  lot  of  good 
work  while  you  are  away.  Sould  it  be  necessary  I  would  Sven  run 
down  to  Port  Myers  to  see  you. 

I  am  rushed  this  week  and  know  that  you  are,  hence  this 
letter;  should  you  desire  me  to  come  out  however,  wire  me  and  I 
will  c6me  at  my  first  opportunity. 

I  feel  that  if  I  am  in  the  above  position  1  will  b® 
able  to  close  t$his  business  shortly  after  your  return  or  as 
soon  thereafter  as  your  tests  and  so  forth  will  permit. 

1  send  this  by  hand  to  save  time  and  answer  by  bearer 
will  be  welcome  otherwise  at  your  early  convenience. 

With  kindest  regards. 


Pet,  19th,  Idol* 

My  Dear  Ediaons- 

Your  prompt, reply  to  my  letter  of  19th  ipst  at 
hand  for  which  thanks.  I  fully  appreciate  your  position  arri  con¬ 
cur  in  yonr  views  as  you  expressed  it.  While  1  perfectly  trust  you 
and  feel  that  as  to  this  "business  I  am  safe  in  your  hands,  my  only 
fear  is  that  you;depart:  leaving  the  matter  to  correspondence 
with  your  associates,  much  unnecessary  delay  will  result  which 
might  prevent  me  from  going  forward  during  your  absence. 

Your  idea  has  "been  to  sell  direct  at  a  manufact¬ 
urers  profit,  thuB  incurring  commercial  hazard  of  litigation  and 
death.  My  plan  in  np  way  interferes  with  the  above  proposition 
of  manufacturing  by  you  at  a  manufacturers  Profit  fpr  the  entire  / 
product  of  consumption.  In  addition  to  yonr  plan  however,  your 
Company  receives  $3,000,000  in  cash  thus  discounting  the  future 
while  preserving  all  that  you  originally  contemplated  retain ,‘j 
nameiyi  a  progressive  manufacturing  business.  Note  that  the  SO 
percent  -item:-  over  purchasing  cost'  preserve? an  open  market  S'  ‘ 
insures  the  above. 

I  fail  to  see'  how  your  associates  any  more  than  your¬ 
self  can  reject  a  cash  return  upon  their  investment  which  accom¬ 
plishes  in  first  instance  and  without  additional  investment  more 
than  they  could  have  hoped  to  realize  by  years  of  manufacturing 
profits  and  millions  of  invested  capital  all  subject  to  the  delay, 
in^convenience  and  hazard  of  strike  liti&ition. 

I  do  wish  that  you  could  get  this  matter  shaped  up  with  them  before 
you  go.  I  think  they  will  Jung)  at  the  opportunity  particularly  if 
you  cast  the  weight  of  your  influence  and  Judgment  in  its  fawor. 

They  knowtthat  you  above  all  can  measure  the  •-value-;  of  the  property 
and  your  views  and  pleasure  should  control  them  irrespective  quite 
of  their  wish  .  This  is  to  my  mind  quite  very  important  and  I 
think  it  will  be;  well  for  you  to  mate  an  effort  to  reaoh  them  so 
that  I  can  know  your  pleasure  before  you  depart. 

Pardon  my  tenacity  and  insistance.  you  will  recognize: 
in  it  only  the  attributes  of  your  own  success.  With  best  wishes. 

Orange,  N.  J, 

^  jiiuJ  *4#  6o  ‘ 


ifcCCc  .  ■'3vC  t  j t'?Truj-e"  Cj  0 

^  ([b  (TWA^w  " 

Tf  cL>  ‘'’'"'I |W-W^-U 

oJdCC^Z^l  J  V  e«~  vs^eJve^Ly- 

0-  Y'-'-^Cve.  V^tc.J.VX,^  CV.O  colM  eJ3  •-« 

Owrtcx.^  ‘ 

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_ ct  cjo  Ub 

-  Al  ■*  «Hr  -<lW^ 

otf*:  Y  1 




Thomas  A..  Edison,  Esq., 

Port  Myers,  Pla. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:  - . - - - - . 

The  attached  dipping,  in  reference  to  a  new  battery 
gotten  up  hy  a  Philadelphia  party,  was  sent  me  several  days  ago.  I 
do  not  know  whether  it  will  be  of  any  interest  to  you,  but  thought  best 
to  send  it  along  for  your  information. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(yt)  S  {£>  c^^j-crx^s 



k-iCj^c.  In stcn>vj£.  t.Dr^v^| 

*.•  -dZt?  Oji%  Ja..^c.  -va-cv  ^.oko.  WVKJ  I 
„rV<mU.  ja  O  ^  tv  K»  ^  - 

ve.;. .-  (tc&-e$Lc  3  y 


.jlM#»-  ""'<  '"-'X J’f"N  .- > ’^ 

/f  WcW  Cft. 

^1-hitti  (\ir*ot  {*«**?.**  ~*  .  „,.- 

M-  )  -11 '  ‘  h<xi^ 

L  -Jb&>-  .  ?Uv  TV: 

*  ' 

ttljm-Bixia  pearl  Blmf, 
Broottlan,  B.  p. 

April  26,  1901. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Ity  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Orange,  N.  J. 

On  my  return  from  the  Laboratory  the  other  day, 

I  reviewed  the  figures  that  I  had  given  you,  and  found  that  there  were 
two  very  serious  mistakes. 

I  did  not  properly  add  the  weight  of  the  sulphuric  acid 
and  water,  and  at  the  same  time  gave  you  the  wrong  rating  of  the  bat¬ 
tery  in  horse  power.  This  last  mistake  is  due  to  the  fact  that  the 
battery  people  persistently  rate  their  central  station  batteries  at 
110  volts  pressure,  although  the  batteries  are  for  220  volts,  and 
therefore  at  this  last  pressure  are  good  for  only  one  half  the  cur¬ 
rent  at  which  they  are  rated.  Thus,  a  14,000  ampere  hour  battery 
really  means  70Q  amperes  at  220  volts,  or  1400  amperes  at  110  volts. 

I  enclose  two  memorandums  which  I  have  prepared  carefully 
myself,  and  can  state  positively  that  they  are  correct.  I  have  had 
the  figures  verified  by  actual  weight^  of  the  different  parts . 

I  regret  exceedingly  that  thfs  mistake  occurred,  but  dis¬ 
covered  it  on  my  return,  and  your  letter  of  April  24th  served  as  an 
additional  reminder. 

In'  charging  the  batteries,  they  are  charged  up  at  the 
normal  rate  ,(10  hour  rate)  until  the  voltage  of  each  cell  is  2.5. 

At  the  instant  the  batteries  begin  to  discharge,  the  voltage  of  each 
cell  drops  to  2.1,  -and  from  that  point  slowly  drops  until  we  stop  the 

TO.  3.  Bnrofoiu, 
(Iljvcc-Sixla  ptnrl  £lraf, 
Bvonftlmi,  B.  )J. 

discharging  of  the  battery  at  1.78,  which  is  about  as  low  as  we  can 
go  economically.  If  the  battery  discharges  below  1.78,  the  voltage 
drops  very  rapidly  to  zero,  and  then  reverses.  When  the  battery  is 
fully  charged,  the  specific  gravity  is  1200;  when  the  battery  is  dis¬ 
charged,  it  falls  to  1165.  The  voltage  between  the  electrolyte  and 
the  positive  plate  is  mentioned  in  an  article  by  Mr.  Jos.  Appleton, 
in  the  Electrical  Engineer  of  March  17,  24,  31,  April  7,  14,  21  and 
28,  1897 .  Our  tests  of  voltage  are  made  by  introducing  a  cadmium 
plate  between  the  positive  and  negative  in  the  electrolyte.  The 
following  are  the  results: 

At  10  hour  rate,  the  readings  at  the  beginning  of  discharge 
between  the  positive  and  negative  plates  are  2.10;  between  negative 
and  cadmium  .16;  between  positive  and  cadmium  2.26.  After  five 
hours  discharge  at  same  rate,  the  readings  between  positive  and 
negative  plates  are  1.94;  between  negative  and  cadmium  .2;  between 
positive  and  cadmium  2.14.  At  the  end  of  the  discharge,  the  read¬ 
ings  between  positive  and  negative  plates  are  1.74;  between  nega¬ 
tive  and  cadmium  .23;  between  positive  and  cadmium  lS^. 

In  checking  the  weights  of  the  plates,  .which  you  will  no¬ 
tice  are  much  more  than  I  gave  you,  I  found  that  the  plates  which  had 
been  weighed,  and  which  I  told  you  averaged  27  lbs.,  when  oarefully 
examined,  presented  a  curious  appearance.  The  negative  buttons  had 
partly  disintegrated,  and  the  balance  of  the  button  had  blistered  so 
as  to  give  the  button  the  appearance  of  a  solid  button,  although  it 
was  almost  hollow.  In  weighing  a  larger  number  of  plates,  and 
oarefully  examining  them,  I  was  able  to  secure  more  reliable  figures, 
showing  the  average  weight  per  plate  to  be  36  instead  of  27  lbs. 

I  think  that  the  figures  of  weight  per  horse  power  which  are  herein 
enolosed  are  rather  low,  since  from  the  plates  about  30  tons  of  oxide 

IB.  S.  Bnrafmo, 
(Eljtcc-Sixia  pcntl  direct, 
Brooltlun,  B.  1$. 


has  dropped  to  the  bottom  of  the  cells,  and  this  we  are  now  removing. 
This  was  not  considered  in  the  weights  of  the  cells. 

As  the  battery  wears  out,  the  weight  per  cell  for  the  same 
output  drops,  until  the  buttons  of  active  material  entirely  disappear, 
when  the  capacity  decreases  so  that  the  weight  per  horse  power  is  in¬ 
creased  enormously. 

I  trust  that  you  will  pardon  the  mistake  which  was  made, 
and  that  the  enclosed  information  will  be  satisfactory.  Should 

there  be  any  test  which  you  should  like  made  for  further  information, 

I  should  be  pleased  to  have  it  made  and  results  sent  to  you,  or  should 
you  desire  to  visit  the  batteries  in  question,  I  should  be  glad  to  ar¬ 
range  for  such  visit  at  any  time . 

Yours  very  truly, 



This  battery  consists  of  140  cells,  catalogued  as  Type  H-#27. 

Each  cell  contains  13  positive  and  14  negative  plates,  each 
positive  plate  weighing  46  lbs.,  and  each  negative  plate  weighing  27, 
lbs.,  so  that  total  weight  of  elements  in  eqch  oell  is  976  lbs. 

Added  to  this  should  be  the  lead  connection  connecting  the  elements 
together,  the  weight  of  which  is  40  lbs.,  making  total  weight  of  $■'' 
1016  lbs.  of  lead,  elements  and  connection. 

The  water  and  sulphuric  acid  (sp.  gr.  1200)  weighs  670  lbs. 

The  lead  lined  wooden  cells  weigh  350  lbs.  each. 

Total  weight  of  cell  complete  .  2036  lbs. 

2036  lbs.  x  140  cells  »  265,040  lbs.  total  weight  of  battery. 

At  10  hour  rate,  battery  gives  133  H.  P.  for  10  hours,  at 
average  voltage  of  each  oell -of  1.9. 

At  one  hour  rate,  battery  gives  633  H.  p.  for  one  hour  at 
average  voltage  of  1.8  per  cell. 

Weight  of  battey  per  H.P.E,  at  10  hour  rate  214  lbs. 

Weight  of  battery  per  H.P.E,  at  one  hour  rate  450  lbs. 



TMs  Battery  consists  of  156  cells,  catalogued  as  Type  H~#51. 

Each  oell  contains  25  positive  and  26  negative  plates,  each 
positive  plate  weighing  46  IBs.,  and  each  negative  plate  weighing  27 
IBs.,  so  that  total  weight  of  elements  in  each  cell  is  1852  IBb. 
Added  to  this  should  Be  the  lead  connection  connecting  the  elements 
together,  the  weight  of  which  is  46  IBs.,  making  total  weight  of 
1898  IBs.  of  lead,  elements  and  connection. 

The  water  and  sulphuric  acid  (sp.  gr.  1200)  weighs  1090  IBs. 

The  lead  lined  wooden  cells  weigh  650  IBs.  each. 

Total  weight  of  cell  complete  .  5638  IBs. 

3638  IBs.  x  156  =  567,528  IBs.  total  weight  of  Battery. 

At  10  hour  rate,  Battery  gives  278  H.  P.  per  hour  for  ten 
hours,  at  average  tfflltage  of  each  oell  of  1,9. 

At  one  hour  rate,  Battery  gives  1120  H.  P.  per  hour  for  one 
hour,  at  average  voltage  of  each  oell  of  1,8, 

Weight  of  Battery  per  H,  P.  H.  at  10  hour  rate  204  IBs. 

Weight  of  Battery  per  H.  P.  E.  at  one  hour  rate  506  IBs, 

"While  it  is  possible  to  increase  the  energy  per  unit  mass  by 
making  the  electrodes  vory  light,  yet  this  is  always  found  to  bo 
•  followed  by  a  very  heavy  deterioration. 

Many  attompts  hnvo  also  been  made  to  perfect  storage  coils 
of  the  alkalino-zincato  type,  but  the  great  difficulty  of  depositing 
zinc  in  coherent  form  from  the  solution,  as  well  ns  the  lack  of  a 
depolarizer  that  shall  bo  insoluble  in  the  elootrolyte,  1ms  Btood  in 
the  way  of  this  cell’s  success. 

Mr.  Edison  sot  himself  the  task  of  finding  a  cell  which  should 
possess  the  following  advantages : 

1.  Absence  of  deterioration  by  work. 

2.  Largo  storage  cnpncity  per  unit  of  mass. 

3.  Capability  of  being  rapidly  charged  nnd  discharged. 

4.  Capability  of  withstanding  careless  treatment. 

5.  Inexpensive!] ess. 

He  believes  that  the  coll  hero  shown  may  claim  these  advan 
tages  in  a  vory  satisfactory  degree. 

Tlie  negative  pole,  or  positive  element,  corresponding  to  the 
zinc  of  a  primary  cell,  or  the  spongy  lend  of  a  secondary  coll,  is 
iron.  The  positive  polo  or  negative  element,  corresponding  to 
the  carbon  of  a  primary  coll,  or  lead  poroxidoof  a  secondary  cell, 
is  a  suporoxide  of  nickel  bolieved  to  have  tho  formula  Ni  02.  The 
cell  is  therefore  a  nickel-iron  coll,  a  namo  which  suggests  the 
structural  material — nickel-steel.  The  electrolyte  is  potash : 
viz.,  an  aqueous  solution  containing  from  10  to  40$  by  weight, 
but  preferably  20$,  of  potassium  hydroxide,  the  freezing  temper¬ 
ature  of  which  is  20°  below  zero  F.  or-30°  0. 

Tho  initial  voltage  of  discharge  aftor  recent  charge  is _ 1.5  volts 

Tho  mean  voltage  of  full  discharge  is  approximately . . .  .1.1  volts 
Tho  normal  discharging  current  rate  per  unit  area  of  active  ele¬ 
ment  (positive  or  negative)  is . .  60  milllllmP°rcs 

aq.  Inch. 

or  •  •  .  . . . 

The  storage  capacity  of  tho  coll  per  unit  of  total  mass'o/tho  cell 

18  . .  watt-hours  per  pound 

or ' ; . . . 30-85  watt-hours  per  kilo 

Expressing  tho  same  statement  in  another  way,  tho  weight  of  bat¬ 
tery  per  unit  of  electric  energy  at  terminals  is, 

53.3  lbs.  per  e‘.  n.  p.  hour 
or . 32.4  kilos  per  kilowatt-hour 

Or  tho  battery  gives  energy  at  its  terminals  sufficient  to  lift  its 
own  weight  through  a  vertical  distance  of  approximately 

. 7  miles  or  11.20  kilometres. 

Tho  moan  normal  discharging  power-rate  per  unit  mass  of  total 

coll  is  . . . 4  watts  per  lb.  or  8.82  watts  per  kilo : 

Corresponding  to  a  normal  discharge  period  of  . 34  hours 

Tho  coll  may,  however,  be  discharged  at  a  relatively  high  rate, 

in  approximately . 1  hour : 

Corresponding  to  a  discharging  power  rate  per  unit  of  total  cell 

moss  of . 12  watts  per  lb.  or  2B.46  watts  per  kilo. 

Charging  and  discharging  rates  are  alike.  That  is  to  say,  the  cell 
may  bo  charged  at  the  normal  rate  in  34  hours ;  or,  it  may  be 
charged  at  a  relatively  high  rate  in  one  hour,  with  no  apparent 
detriment  beyond  a  somewhat  lowered  electrical  charge  effi¬ 
ciency.  In  other  words,  tho  cell  does  not  appear  to  bo  injured 
by  over-charging  or  discharging,  and  only  suffers  in  electrical 
efficiency  under  such  treatment. 

Tho  positiye  nnd  negative  plates  are  mechanically  alike,  and 
can  scarcely  be  distinguished  by  tho  eye.  They  differ  only  in 
the  chemical  contents  of  their  pockets.  Tho  samples  here  ex¬ 
hibited,  which  are  intended  for  autoinobilo  batteries,  illustrate  tho 
construction.  Each  pinto  is  formed  of  n  comparatively  thin 
sheet  of  steel,  0.-024"  (0.61  mm)  in  thickness,  out  of  which  rec¬ 
tangular  holes  are  stamped,  so  as  to  leave  a  grid  or  frame  some¬ 
what  resembling  a  window-frame.  In  the  plate  here  shown, 
there  are  three  rows  of  eight  such  rectangular  holes  or  recesses, 
or  24  recesses  in  all. 

Each  opening  or  recess  is  filled  with  a  pocket  or  Bliallow  box 
containing  the  active  material.  These  boxes  correspond  to  tho 
panes  of  glass  in  the  window-frame  analogy.  Tho  panes  instead 
of  being  thinner  than  tho  frame,  as  in  an  actual  window,  are 
thickor  than  the  frame,  or  projcct  slightly  beyond  the  surfaco  of 
the  steel  grid.  They  are  perforated  with  numerous  small  holes 
to  admit  the  electrolyte,  but  entirely  conceal  the  contained  active 
material  from  view..  All  that  inepts  the  eye,  therefore,  in  any  of 
the  plates,  is  the  steel  frame,  and  its  embedded  “  windows”  of 
perforated  steel. 

The  active  material  is  inado  in  the  form  of  rectangular  cakes 
or  briquettes,  and  one  such  briquette  is  lodged  in  each  pocket  or 
“  window  pane”  of  tho  plate.  Each  of  the  plates  shown,  there¬ 
fore,  supports,  or  contains,  24  briquettes  of  active  material,  all 
in  rigid  contact  with  its  own  substance. 

Each  briquette  is  placed  in  a  shallow,  closely  fitting  nickel- 
plated  box  of  thin  perforated  crucible  stool,  out  from  a  long  strip 
of  that,  material  0.008"  (0.075  mm.)  thick.  A  cover  or  lid  of  the 
same  material  is  then  laid  over  it,  so  that  the  briquette  is  closely 
enveloped  by  thd  sides  and  walls  of  its  perforated  steel  box.  Tho 
boxes  are  then  placed  in  the  openings  or  boles  in  the  niokol- 
platcd  steol  grid,  and  closely  tit  tlio  same.  Tho  assembled  plate 
is  then  placed  in  a  hydraulic  press,  and  subjected  to  a  total  pres¬ 
sure  of  about  100  tons.  This  prcssuro  not  only  tightly  closes 
tho  boxes,  but  it  also  forces  their  metal  sides  over  the  adjacent 
sides  of  the  recesses  in  tho  steel  grid,  thus  clamping  the  whole 
mnss  into  a  single  solid  and  rigid  steel  plato  with  tho  hollow 
“window  panes”  full  of  aotivo  material.  Tho  nickel-plating  of 
both  grids  and  boxes  aids  in  scouring  good  pormnnont  electric 
connections  between  them.  Tho  finished  plate  1ms  a  grid  thick¬ 
ness  of  U.024"  (0.8(1  nun.),  and  a  “  window”  or  pockot  thickness 
of  0.1"  (2.5  inm.).  This  is  tho  maximum  thickness  of  the  pinto 
at  any  point,  but  being  of  steel,  tho  plato  lias  ample  rigidity. 

The  positive  briquettes  (zincs  of  a  primary  coll)  are  made  by  mixing 
a  finely  divided  compound  of  iron  obtained  by  a  special  chemical 
process  with  a  nearly  equal  volume  of  thin  Hakes  of  graphite. 
The  graphite  docs  not  outer  into  any  of  the  chemical  actions,  but 
assists  the  conductivity  of  the  briquettes.  Tho  graphite  is  di¬ 
vided  into  very  thin  lamina)  by  a  chemical  process,  and  these  are 
passed  through  sieves  or  screens  so  as  to  leave  a  size  or  area  of 
fhiko  that  is  much  larger  than  tho  area  of  tho  perforation  in  the 
steel  windows.  The  mixture  is  then  pressed  into  briquettes  in 
a  mould,  under  a  hydraulic  pressure  of  about  two  toils  per  square 
inch.  The  briquettes  have  a  surface  nrea  of  nenrly  3"xA"  on 
each  face. 

Tho  negative  briquette  (carbon  of  a  primary  cell)  are  made  by 
similarly  mixing  a  finely  divided  compound  of  nickel,  ob¬ 
tained  by  special  chemical  means,  with  a  nearly  equal  bulk  of  fine 
flakes  of  graphite;  and  solidifying  the  mixture  in  a  mould  into 
briquettes  of  the  same  size  as  above. 

A.  suitable  numbor  of  positive  nud  negativo  plates  are  assem¬ 
bled  together,  being  separated  from  ono  another  only  by  a  thin 
shoot  of  perforated  hard  rubber. 

The  assembled  plates  are  placed  in  a  vessel  or  external  con¬ 
taining  cell  of  shoot  steol  containing  tho  potash  solution, 
which,  of  course,  does  not  attack  steel.  There  was,  however, 

mueli  difficulty  from  tho  action  of  tho  potash  on  the  soldered 
seams  of  tho  steel  containing  vessel.  After  many  trials,  how¬ 
ever,  Mr.  Edison  found  n  solder  which  seems  to  bo  entirely  un¬ 
affected  by  the  alkali. 

In  charging,  tho  current  is,  of  course,  sent  into  tho  positive 
pole  and  its  attached  negative  nickel-plate,  through  tho  electro¬ 
lyte,  and  into  tho  positive  plate  of  tho  iron  compound  which  car¬ 
ries  tho  negative  polo.  This  current  deoxidizes  or  reduces  the 
compound  to  spongy  metallic  iron  and  carries  tho  oxygon  through 
tho  film  of  electrolyte  to  tho  niokel  compound,  oxidizing  it  to  tho 
liyporoxido  of  nickel  Hi  Oa,  a  higher  oxido  than  the  poroxido. 
Tn  other  words,  the  charging  current  simply  carries  oxygen  in 
tho  opposito  direction  ngainst  the  forces  of  chemical  affinity, 
from  tho  iron  to  tho  nickel,  and  stores  tho  energy  in  the  reduced 
iron,  which  is,  of  course,  unaffected  and  passive  in  the  presence 
of  the  potash  solution.  On  discharge,  the  current  passes  from 
the  positive  pole  through  tho  external  circuit  to  the  negative 
pole,  and  its  attached  iron  or  positive  plate,  and  then  through 
the  solution  to  tho  negative  orsuperoxidc  plate.  In  so  doing  the 
oxygen  moves  bnek  against  tho  current  and  partially  reduces  the 
nickel  suporoxido  Hi  O.  while  oxidizing  the  spongy  iron.  The 
energy  of  burning  of  the  iron  and  oxygen  which  would  be  devel¬ 
oped  ns  boat  in  the  ordinary  chemical  process  is  now  liberated  in 
the  circuit  ub  electrical  energy. 

The  coll  is  an  oxygeu-lift.  Charging  pulls  the  oxygon  away 
from  the  iron  and  delivers  it  temporarily  to  tlie-nickel.  The 
condition  is  then  stable,  until  tho  circuit  of  tho  coll  is  completed. 
Discharge  tlion  allows  the  oxygen  to  fall  back  from  the  nickel  to 
the  iron  with  the  natural  affinity  of  iron  and  oxygen. 

This  action  is  very  different  from  that  which  takes  place  in  the 
lead  storage  coll.  Here,  neglecting  complication,  tho  action  is 
usually  regarded  for  practical  purposes  ns  being  represented  by 
the  equation 

Pb03+2H,S04-(-Pb=PI)  SO,-t-2II,0+Pb  SO4+100  watt-hours, 
where  the  left-hand  side  represents  tho  condition  of  charge 
and  the  right-hand  side  the  condition  of  discharge.  Here  oxy¬ 
gon  is  not  Bimply  transferred  in  discharge  from  the  peroxide 
to  the  spongy  load,  but  tho  solution  is  changed  (theoretically) 
from  an  aqueous  solution  of  sulphuric  acid  to  plnin  water.  Of 
course  the  discharge  could  not  practically  be  carried  to  tho  point 

of  denuding  tlio  solution  of  nil  sulphuric  neid,  and  a  surplusngo  of 
aoid  must  bo  used.  The  equation  gives  a  more  thcorotionl  out¬ 
line  of  admittedly  very  complex  reactions.  In  other  words,  the 
specific  gravity  of  the  sulphurie  aoid  solution  fails  during 
the  discharge,  and  tho  solution  ontors  into  the  chemical 
combination.  Theoretically,  for  ovory  445  grammes  of  ac¬ 
tive  mnterial  on  both  plates,  19G  grammes  of  sulphurie  acid  are 
required  to  effect  tho  combination,  or  44$  by  weight  of  the  active 
elements,  and  in  practice  it  is  usual  to  allow  a  weight  of  sulphurie 
acid  .nearly  equal  to  half  tho  weight  of  the  dements,  or  about 
one-quarter  of  tho  total  weight  of  tile  cell. 

In  tho  now  Edison  coll,  on  tho  other  hand,  tho  theoretical 
action  of  the  potash  solution  is  merely  to  provide  tho  proper 
channel  through  which  the  oxygen  ions  may  travel  in  one 
direction  or  tho  other — positive  plate  to  negative  plato  in  charge, 
and  negative  plate  to  positive  plato  in  discharge.  Consequently, 
tlie  amount  of  solution  needs  only  to  be  sufficient  to  fulfill 
mechanical  requirements.  1 1  is  believed  that  the  weight  of  solu¬ 
tion  will  in  practice  bo  only  about  20$  of  tho  plato  weight  or 
about  14$  of  the  cell  weight.  In  fact  the  cell  may  bo  worked  in 
the  same  manner  ns  the  so-called  primary  "dry-cells.”  More¬ 
over,  if  the  solution  should  escape,  or  be  carried  away,  by  gasing 
in  charging,  the  only  detriment  seems  to  bo  tho  loss  of  active  sur¬ 
face  thereby  occasioned,  and  it  will  only  be  necessary  to  fill  up 
the  cells  to  the  proper  level  with  water  from  time  to  time,  as 
evaporation  or  gasing  may  lower  tlio  level.  For  tho  same  rea¬ 
sons  tlie  specific  gravity  of  the  electrolyte  does  not  appreciably 
vary  during  charge  and  discharge. 

The  briquettes  of  active  material  slightly  expand  on  receiving 
oxygen,  and  slightly  contract  on  delivering  it,  that  is  to  say,  the 
iron  briquettes  contract  and  the  nickel  briquettes  expand  during 
charge,  while  on  dischnrgo  the  iron  briquettes  expand  and  tho 
nickel  briquettes  contract.  The  level  of  the  solution  is  in  this 
way  scarcely  affected.  Tho  expansions  and  contractions  of  tlio 
briquettes  appear  to  be  well  within  the  elastic  limits  of  the 
spring-steel  containing  boxes,  and  consequently  the  electric  con¬ 
tact  is  always  secure.  Tho  covers  or  sides  of  the  window  pockets 
merely  approach  to  or  recede  from  each  other  slightly  during 
charge  and  discharge.  Fortunately,  steel  is  the  metal  which  pos¬ 
sesses  this  mechanical  elasticity  in  a  marked  degree. 

Tho  action  of  tlie  charging  and  discharging  current  upon  tlio 
briquettes  seems  to  be  transferred  from  their  external  surfaces 

inwards  in  a  manner  similar  to  the  transfer  of  carbon  and  oxygen 
in  tho  process  of  making  malleable  cast-iron  in  the  furnace  on 
the  prinoiplo  of  cementation.  Ho  active  material  lias  been  found 
to  be  ejected  irom  the  briquettes  through  tho  window  dorforn- 
tions,  oven  undertho  deliberate  overcharging  and  discharging. 
Such  gas  as  is  thereby  produced  makes  its  appoarnneo  on  tho 
external  surface  of  tho  windows. 

If  tho  nickel  compound  had  no  affinity  for  oxygon,  so  that  en¬ 
ergy  was  noithor  developed  nor  absorbed  in  the  deoxidation  of 
further  oxidation  of  that,  substance,  then  tho  enorgy  would  be 
entirely  that  duo  to  the  energy  of  combination  of  oxygon  and 
iron,  stated  to  bo  79.7  watt-hours,  and  representing  an  n.  m,  f., 
theoretically  obtainable,  of  1.47  volts.  If  tho  combination  of 
oxygen  with  the  nickel  compound  be  oxothormic  or  energy- 
releasing,  thon  tlie  watt-liours  delivered  (and  the  E.  jt.  r.)  will  bo 
lessened  by  the  enorgy  necessarily  paid  back  to  break  up  the 

If  on  the  other  hand  tho  combination  is  endothermic  or  energy- 
absorbing,  then  the  watt-hours  delivered  (and  tho  E.  xr.  F.)  will  be 
increased  by  the  enorgy  restored  on  breaking  up  the  combina¬ 
tion.  Since  the  superoxido  eeoma  not  to  have  been  known  hith¬ 
erto,  no  information  concerning  its  energy  of  combination  is 
obtainable.  Tho  electromotive  force  of  the  cell  seeinB  to  be  so 
near  to  that  of  the  union  of  iron  and  oxygen  ns  to  suggest  that 
the  nickel  superoxido  is  not  far  from  being  neutral,  or  that  the 
nickel  compound  has  but  little  affinity  for  oxygen,  although  the 
superoxide  appears  to  be  quite  stable  in  tho  cell. 

The  new  coll  does  not  seem  to  bo  appreciably  influenced  by 
changes  of  temperature,  and  should  stand  a  very  low  tempera¬ 
ture  without  detriment.  The  electrolyte — potash — does  not  at¬ 
tack  any  of  the  ingredients  of  tho  cell,  nor  aro  any  of  tho 
ingredients  soluble  therein.  Ho  local  action  occurs  in  tho  coll  so 
far  ns  has  yet  been  observed  since  the  e.  xr.  f.  is  below  that  neces- 
ary  to  decompose  water. 

Tho  cell  may  be  fully  discharged  to  the  practical  zero  point  of 
e.  xr.  f.  without  detriment.  In  fact,  a  liell  has  not  only  been 
completely  discharged,  but  recharged  in  tho  reverse  or  wrong 
direction,  and  after  bringing  it  back  to  its  originally  charged 
state  by  proper  restoration  of  tho  direction  of  charging  current, 
tho  storage  capacity  remained  unaffeoted.  It  would  seem, 
therefore,  that  the  cell  should  bo  capable  of  withstanding  much 

Diagrams  aro  appended  giving  the  curves  of  discharge  of  ex¬ 
perimental  cells. 

Mr.  Edison  states  that  “the  negative  plate  (nickel)1  cither 
charged  or  discharged,  can  bo  romoved  from  a  working  coll,  and 
dried  in  tho  air  for  a  week,  without  appreciably  injuring  it,  and 
when  the  plate  is  finally  replaced  in  the  coll  its  charge  is  prac¬ 
tically  undiminished.” 

The  positive  (iron)  plate,  if  similarly  removed  from  the  cell 
will  be  likewise  uninjured,  but  it  soon  loses  its  charge  by  the 
oxidation  of  tho  spongy  iron  with  accompanying  liberation  of 
heat  and  appreciable  rise  of  temperature  extending  over  a  period 
of  several  hour's.  On  replacing  the  oloctrode,  however,  in  the  coll 
tho  storage  capacity  is  unaffected  on  recharge; 

As  regards  cost,  Mr.  Edison  believes  that  after  factory  facili¬ 
ties  now  in  course  of  preparation  have  been  completed,  ho  will 
bo  able  to  fjn-nish  the  cells  at  a  price  per  kilowatt  hour  not 
greater  than  tho  prevailing  price  of  lead  colls.  • 

Having  now  considered  tho  action  and  properties  of  the  celi, 
u  brief  description  may  bo  given  of  the  difficulties .-encountered 
in  developing  it. 

The  phenomenon  of  passivity  has  probably  kept  inventors 
from  finding  this  coll  in  the  past.  Mr.  Edison  believes  that  of 
all  the  very  numerous  compounds  of  iron,  and  of  which  he  hnB 
tried  many  hundreds,  the  particular  compound  which  lio  pre¬ 
pares,  is  perhaps  tho  only  one  capable  of  being  used.  . 

If  the  dried  hydrates,  or  oxides  of  iron  native  or  artificial,-  are 
e  b]ected  to  electrolytic  reducing  action  in  any  alkaline  solution, 
they  remain  inort  and  unaffected. 

On  tho  other  hand,  if  finely  divided  iron  obtained  by  reducing 
a  compound  of  iron  under  tho  action  of  a  reducing  agent,  Buck  as 
hydrogen,  or  carbonic  monoxide  is  subjected  to  electrolytic  oxida¬ 
tion  in  an  alkaline  solution  it  is  inert  and  cannot  be  oxidized.,  It 
assumes  the  well  known  passivo  state.  . 

Tho  same  difficulty  of  passivity  affects  the  use  of  nickel  or, the 
negative  element.  Finely  divided  nickel,  reduced  from  a  nickel 
compound,  remains  inactive  when  subjected  to  electrolytic  oxygen 
■in  an  alkaline  solution. .  The  monoxide  and  the  black-oxide  or 
peroxide  are, also  inert.,  Ho  oxide  of  nickel;  is  active  or  can, bo 
made  active,  by’  electrolytic  notion,  and  the  peroxide  does  not  act 
as  a  depolarizer.  .  ,  ,  .  ■  .  , 

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The  Orford  Copper  Co., 

Smkwjsks  &  Hu  fin  krs  of  Coppkr&I'Jickut.. 

TOma  at  CONSTABLE  liOOK.N.J.  !  .  -v  , 



Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Llwellyn  Park, 
Orange,  N. 
Dear  Mr. :Edisons- 

i  and  have  been 


/v.  AAJU 

VC*~.  C*srp»~6~ 

I  an  now  with  the_ Orford  CopneJ 

AUstXA  l ./finrvOK-  <££ - - - - 

instructed  by  Col.  Thompson  to  see  you  and -talk  to  you  about  your  battery, 

and  about  how  much  nickel  you  will  want  tot  it.  I  think  I  cftfC  say  that  the 
position  of  the  Orford  Copper  Co.,  is, that  it  is  quite  willing  to  furnish 
you  all  the  nickel  you  desire  for  your  battery  at  fair  terms. 

Please  let  me  know  what  hour  it  will  be  convenient  for  you  to  have 
me  come  down  to  your  laboratory  as  I  am  very  busy  here  at  our  works. 


Telephone  Message  from  R.  H.  Dyer, 

Oct.  17,  1901. 

Mr.  Edison: 

We  have  this  morning  a  letter  from  Hayes  initialed  hy 
Pelzer  stating  that  he  has  forwarded  to  the  patent  office  an  assign¬ 
ment  of  storage  battery  patents  and  applications.  We  are  surprised 
that  the  job  of  transfering  matters  in  our  hands  should  be  taken 
out  of  our  office.  In  looking  at  the  list  Pelzer  gives  in  his 
letter,  we  see  that,  as  might  be  expected  that  he  has  the  situation 
all  balled  up.  Rome  of  his  application  numbers  are  wrong,  he 
refers  to  applications  where  he  should  refer  to  patents  and  he  refers 
to  atleast  one  application  and  probably  two  whioh  by  agreement  by  you 
are  to  be  abondoned  beoause  other  applications  haye  been  filed  in 
their  place  and  because  of  an  unfavorable  record  in  the  patent 
office.  These  applications  were  not  to  be  disclosed  and  the 
assignment  will  give  the  public  information  about  them.  We  think 
you  should  telephone  Pelzer  to  telegraph  the  patent  office  today 
to  return  the  assignment  without  recording. 

R.  H.  Dyer. 

Telephone  Message  to  H.  W.  Hayes. 


You  better  do  what  Dyer  asks  to  keep  things  smooth,  answer. 



The  reason  is  that  Hayes  drew  the  Mortgage  and  patents  being 
necessary  to  assign  t.0  oarry  out  Mortgage.  He  naturally  did  it  direct! 
Have  telegraphed  him. 

Edison.  ! 


gines,  and  that  in  they  have  not  a  governor  on  them,  and  consequent¬ 
ly  do  not  run  perfectly  steady.  if  this  does  not  interfere  with 
the  charging  of  your  batteries,  it  is  the  ideal  power.  The  cat¬ 
alogue  gives  a  full  description  and  many  testimonials  about  the 
engine  which  has  been  in  use  for  many  years. 

The  workmanship  of  this  engine  is  first  class,  and  all  parts  are 
interchangeable.  I  think  the  patents  are  ail  oiit,  and  that  the 
engines  could  be  manufactured  for  much  less  than  they  could  be  bought 
from  the  Rider  &  Ericsson  Co.,  although  one  of  the  proprietors  told 
me  that  if  I  could  use  the  engines  in  large  quantities,  they  would 

m&moTmm  ca 


Adrian,  Mich.,  Oct.  31st,  1901. 

T.  A.  E. - #3, 

make  a  special  price  on  them. 

My  idea  would  be  that  this  engine  could  be  used  for  pumping 
purposes  as  well  as  for  charging  batteries,  which  would  be  a  great 
advantage  over  the  other  arrangement. 

I  received,  recently,  a  letter  from  Herman  Dick,  in  whioh  he 
states  that  you  thought  I  wan  working  on  a  kerosene  engine  instead 
of  a.  steam  engine.  There  are  two  or  three  kerosene  engines  in 
the  market  now,  but  at  a  much  higher  price,  and  much  more  trouble  to 
run  than  the  Rider  engine.  I  would  like  to  hear  from  you  as  to 
your  opinion  on  this  engine,  and  if  you  think  it  could  be.  used  I 
could  get  one  for  testing  or  experimental  purposes. 

I  requested  Mr .  Dick  to  find  out  from  you  what  amperage 
and  voltage  the  dynamo  should  have  for  charging  outfit.  He 
gave  me  the  voltage,  but  not  the  amperage. 

Hoping  everything  is  going  along  nicely  with  you  in  your 
new  factory,  I  remain 

Very  truly  yours, 

i  charged,  and  discharged 

using  instruments  of  great  precision.  The  value  of  the 
currents  was  obtained  by  reference  to  a  standard  resis¬ 
tance  of  0.01  ohm.  verified  by  the  Board  of  Trade.;  the 
voltmeter  which  indicated  the  pressure  was  carefully 
calibrated  against  Latimer  Clarlc  cells.  The. results  have 
been  checked  by  repetition  and  by  various  indirect  methods, 
and  their  accuracy  very  closely  substantiated. 

From  the  extreme  regularity  of  these  results,  and  from 
the  proportionality  of  those  yielded  by  the  small  and  the 
large  cells  respectively,  I  feel  sure  that  the  work  des- 

methods  adopted  in  constructing  all  parts  of  the  cell,  but 
this  in  itself  tells  in  favour  of  the  cell, 
f  The  standard  automobile  cell  is  of  rectangular  shape. 
It  stands  13  inches  high  (overall)  and  measures  5.1  by  3.5 
inches,  horizontally.  It  weighs  17.8  pounds.  ■ 

It  contains  14  positive  and  14  negative  plates.  Each 
plate  is  made  of. sheet  steel,  nickel-plated,  punched  with 
18  rectangular  holes.  In  each  of  these  holes  is  inserted 
a  flat  pouch  or  pocket  containing  the  active  material. 

The  walls  of  these  pockets  are  perforated  by  exceedingly 
fine  short  slots,  through  which  the  liquid  can  penetrate. 

material  'contained  in  the  pocket. 

Both  positive  and  negative  plates  i 


Electrolyte . 

arrangements  ■ 

External  ar¬ 

in  respect  of  the  active  material.  The  poolcets  on  the 
negative  plate  contain  finely  divided  iron,  those  on  the 
positive  contain  peroxide  of  nickel. 

The  liquid  is  a  20^  solution  of  potash.  This  suffers 
no  change  during  the  action  of  the  cell,  except  the  loss 
of  a  small  quantity  of.  water  which  is  decomposed  whilst  the 
cell  is  being  charged.  As  an  immediate  consequence,  a  small 
quantity  of  liquid  suffices.  It  is  wanted  simply  to 
play  the  part  of  an  electrolytic  conductor,  and  in  no  way 
to  provide  active  material  in  the  ordinary  sense.  The 
plates  may  therefore  he  fixed  very  near  each  other,  for 
the  narrow  intervening  space  allows  a  perfectly  adequate 
supply  of  potash  solution. 

The  proximity  of  the  plates  does  not  apparently 
involve  danger  of  short  circuiting.  •  The  plates  are  thin, 
hut  being  made  of  steel,  their  rigidity  is  exceptionally 
good.  Mechanical  stability  is  further  assured  by  vul- 
s-aniaced  rubber  separators,  the  whole  forming  a  compact 
mass,  calculated- to  resist  all  the  ordinary  mechanical 
shocks  it  is  likely  to  undergo. 

The  only  special  mechanical  difficulty  which  occurred 
to  me  was  the  chance  that  the  gases  evolved  during  a 
"charge"  might  eject  some  of  the  active  material  from  the 
pockets.  I  have  therefore  watched  the  pockets  carefully, 
especially  during  very  heavy  charges,  without  finding  any 
evidence  of  loss. 

Excellence  of  mechanical  design  appears  also  in  the 
external  arrangements.  The  cell  is  sealed  in  its  steel 
case.  Two  stout  connecting  pins  (from  the  positive 
and  negative  plates  respectively)  come  through  liquid-tight 
bushes  of  vulcanized  rubber.  These  pins  are  made  slightly 
conical,  as  are  also  the  connectors  which  fit  on  them, 




Output . 

and  the  mechanical  finish  and  easy  grip  of  this  terminal 
add  to  the  value  of  the  battery.  A  further  advantage 
lies  in  the  fact  that  these  connecting  pins  have  a  much 
higher  specific  conductivity  than  those  of  the  ordinary 
type  of  accumulators. 

On  the  top  of  the  case  there  are  also: - 

(a)  a  spring  stopper  with  rubber  flange,  covering  the 
hole  by  which  the  electrolyte  is  introduced,  or  distilled 
water  added  from  time  to  time. 

(b)  a  vent  hole  guarded  by  a  gravity  valve.  This  pro¬ 
vides  for  the  escape  of  the  gas  evolved  during  charge.  The 
hole  and  valve  are  covered  by  a  gauze  nipple,  which  prevents 
escape  of  spray  while  allowing  gas  to  pass.  Acting  on 
the  principle  of  Sir  Humphrey  Davy’s  safety  lamp,  the  same 
gauze  further  prevents  any  chance  of  explosion  should  a 
flame  be  brought  near  to  the  exit. 

The  excellence  of  all  these  features  in  the  design 
added  to  the  nature  of  the  materials  used  in  construction, 
leads  me  to.  conclude  that  the  cell  is  structurally  of  a 
very  stable  character. 

I  came  how  to  the  electrical  qualities  of  the  cell. 
These  are  quite  as  good  as  the  mechanical. 

The  electromotive  force  is  1.33  (T/.H.)  volts. 

The  internal  resistance  is  0.0013  ohm. 

The  out-put  at  60  amperes  is  210  watt  hours,  or  at  the 
rate  of  11.8  watt  hours  per  pound  of  cell.  Y/hen  the  cell 
is  examined  as  to  discharging  value,  its  excellence  becomes 
most  pronounced.  At  high  rates  of  discharge,  rising  to 
many  times  the  normal ,  it  suffers  no  appreciable  polari¬ 
zation,  and  therefore  recovers  its  normal  voltage  almost 
instantaneously  when  the  current  returns  to  an  ordinary 
value . 

These  and  other  points  are  illustrated  by  the  accom¬ 
panying  curves. 


Curves1'6'6  Sheet  1  shows  the  pressure  during  discharge.  Each 

line  corresponds  to  a  constant  current ,  the  discharge  rates 
varying  from  30  to  200  amperes.  This  last  is  such  a  high 
rate  for  a  cell  of  this  size  that  I  hesitated  about  trying 
it,  hut  the  preliminary  work  indicated  that  my  distrust  had 
no  justification.  The  experiment  proved  that  the  cell 
could  stand  it  without  injury.  It  took  the  succeeding 
charge  in  an  excellent  way,  and  yielded  the  30  ampere  curve 
immediately  afterwards . 

A  surprising  result  of  this  set  of  experiments  is  the 
large  relat ive  output  at  the  high  discharge  rates.  At 
120  amperes,  the  output  in  91#  of  the  maximum.  Even  at 
200  amperes,  the  quantity  (ampere-hours)  is  82#  of  the 

The  following  table  exhibits  the  actual  and  relative 
output  at  varying  discharge  rates. 

Discharge  rate  Time  of 
in  amperes.  discharge 




5  hrs.46  mins 



2  hrs . 51  mins 



1  hr.  51  mins 



1  hr.  21  mins 



1  hr.  2  mins 




42  minutes 


#  of  the  30 
ampere  output, 




82  ' 

The  figures  in  the  last  column  are  much  better  than 
those  yielded  by  any  other  cell  at  present  known. 

o^the^ell.  °n  Sh8et  2  are  giYen  the  results  of  one  out  of  many  ex- 

Eapid  recovery  periments,  intended  to  test  the  flexibility  of  the  cell. 

The  standard  cell  was  discharged,  starting  at  60  am¬ 
peres.  After  a  time  (5  minutes)  the  current  was  suddenly- 
increased  to  230  amperes.  A  little  later,  the  current 

was  reduced  again  to  60,  and  so  oh  as  shown  by  the  curve. 
Evidently  the  cell  can  yield  this  enormous  current  for 
short  intervals  and  recover  almost  instantaneously^'  It 
does  not  appear  to  he  injured  in  any  way.  Subsequent 
charging  and  discharging  seemed  to  be  quite  normal. 

On  Sheet  3  are  shown  curves  before  and  after  a  48  hours 
short  circuit  of  a  small  cell.  This  trying  experience 
seems  to  have  left  the  cell  intact.  Curves  B  and  C  on 
this  sheet  show  how  quickly  the  cell  picks  up  its  normal 
state,  even  after  such  extreme  violence, 
ging  Bate  An  important  point  in  traction  cells  is  the  rate  at 

which  they  can  be  charged.  I  have  made  experiments  on  this 
point  and  find  that  the  Edison  cell  will  absorb  70  to  75^ 
of  its  full  charge  in  one  hour. 

Curve  IV  shows ;  the  result  of  one  of  these  experiments 
The  cell  charged  for  one  hour  only,  at  the  excess  rate  of 
176  amperes.  It  was  then  discharged  and  gave  date  for 
Curve  IV.  This  shows  that  it  had  absorbed  and  could 
deliver  124  ampere  hours  out  of  the  175  put  into  it  at  this 
very  great  rate. 

I  have  evidence  to  show  that  where  the  charging  current 
can  be  further  increased  the  one  hours  absorption  would  be 
still  greater. 

The  question  of  life  has  hitherto  been  the  weakest 
point  of  automobile  cells,  and  the  tests  on  this  point  ought 
to  be  as  searching  as  on  those  I  have  mentioned.  The  final 
test  can  be  made  on  the  road  only,  and  as  yet  I  have  not 
had  an  opportunity  of  observing  such  a  test.  But.  the 
laboratory  work  has  given  me  substantial  grounds  for  anti¬ 
cipating  a  much  longer  life  than  usual. 

These  are  as  follows: 

(1)  After  three  months  work,  with  very  many  charges  and 
discharges  the  capacity  of  the  cells  remain  the  same  as  at 

rfn+^-n  +  n  Hibbert.  The  fall  of  potential  at  this  high  cur 

3l}ovm  t0  *>e  equal  to  current  x  internal 
!  B  ,xt  'therefore  allows  no  room  for  polarization,  a 

most  surprising  result)  Signed  W.  Hibbert. 

the  'beginning.  It  has  neither  increased  dr  diminished. 

A  change  in  either  way  would  suggest  some  source  of  in¬ 
stability,  but  so  far  I  have  not  detected  any  difference. 

This  is  a  good  preliminary  ground  for  anticipating  long  life. 

(2)  Examination  of  the  plates  after  three  months  work, 
does  not  indicate  any  signs  of  corrosion.  The  plates  are 
as  even  in  surface  and  as  rigid  in  strength  as  at  the 

(3)  The  standard  cell  on  which  I  have  been  mainly 
working  has  already  been  subject  to  the  vicissitudes  of 
travel.  It  was  sent  to  me  from  America  via  Paris,  and  has 
therefore  undergone  two  t ran- shipment s ,  together  with  many 
loadings  and  unloadings,  and  journeys  by  rail  and  road. 

This  long  and  varied  journey  was  made  in  its  ordinary 
working  conditions,  the  plates  and  fittings  in  the  case  fixed 
as  in  use.  The  only  difference  was  one  that  might  be  ex¬ 
pected  to  injure  the  coll  -  it  travelled  without  the  liquid, 
so  that  the  plates  were  more  or  less  exposed  to  air. 

On  its  arrival,  having  in  it  no  liquid  except  that 
which  had  trickled  off  the  plates  to  the  bottom,  it  was 
joined  to  a  voltmeter  and  gave  1.33  volts. 

The  full  quantity  of  electrolyte  was  now  put  in  and 
tne  cell  given  a  first  charge  and  discharge.  The  output 
following  this  first  charge  was  174  ampere-hours,  a  figure 
identical  with  that  obtained  after  further  treatments. 

In  other  words,  the  long  journey  and  the  simultaneous 
long  exposure  to  air  had  not  injured  the  cell  one  whit. 

A  further  advantage  possessed  by  this  Edison  cell  is 
the  fact  that  it  does  not  appear  to  suffer  from  repeated 
discharges  down  to  a  very  low  pressure.  The  small  cells 
have  been  discharged  to  0.3  volt  very  frequently  and  are  not 
injured  by  it  as  far  as  I  can  discover.  ' 

Closely  connected  with  this  is  the  fact  that  it  is 
not  necessary  or  even  urgent  to  charge  a  cell  soon  after  a 
discovery.  It  is  not  injured  if  it  remains  discharged. 

Two  of  the  cells  have  been  left  discharged  for  very  appre¬ 
ciable  periods  of  time  without  suffering  in  any  detectable 

Experiments  are  proceeding  to  test  how  far  the  cell  can 
retain  a  charge .  Up  to  date,  the  evidence  seems  very  favour¬ 

In  comparing  this  cell  with  the  other  traction  cells, 
some  difficulty  arises  from  the  varied  aims  of  those  who 
males  them.  Some  of  the  lead  cells  made  for  traction  are 
made  with  a  complete  disregard  of  life.  By  increasing  the 
strength  of  acid  used,  by  reducing  the  strength  of  the  sup¬ 
ports,  and  by  thinning  down  all  connections,  it  is  possible 
to  obtain  from  lead  cells  an  output  nearly  equal  to  that 
found  by  me  in  the  case  of  the  Edison  cells.  But  these 
devices  confessedly  shorten  the  life  of  such  cells.  Com¬ 
pared  with  these  short  lived  cells,  the  Edison  holds  its 
own  and  more  than  its  own,  with  respect  to  output.  In 
life,  it  would  show  veiy  great  advantage. 

If  for  comparison,  we  tales  a  traction  cell  made  by 
responsible  companies  who  appreciate  all  the  points  requir-  • 
ing  attention,  I  find  this  Edison  cell  has  an  output  per 
pound  ranging  from  25  to  50j!  greater,  and- a  probability  of 
much  greater  life. 

My  conclusion  therefore  is  that  the  Edison  cell  shows'. 

(a)  Greater  output  per  unit  of  weight. 

(b)  Greater  flexibility  of  working. 

(c)  Greater  working  range  of  current. 

(d)  Greater  ease  and  safety  of  handling. 

(e)  Greater  stability,  both  mechanical  and  electrical. 

7 . 

1901.  Battery  -  Storage  -  Foreign  (D-01-04) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
patenting,  manufacture,  and  sale  of  Edison  storage  batteries  in  Europe.  Most 
of  the  correspondence  is  by  or  addressed  to  the  following  individuals:  Robert 
Rafn,  who  assisted  attorneys  working  to  obtain  patents  in  continental  Europe; 
Herman  E.  Dick,  who  was  authorized  by  Edison  to  exploit  the  battery 
commercially  throughout  Europe;  Willis  N.  Stewart,  who  was  seeking  to 
purchase  both  the  Edison  and  the  competing  Jungner  patents;  and  Sigmund 
Bergmann,  who  began  to  manufacture  Edison  storage  batteries  at  his  factory 
in  Berlin. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  Among 
the  items  not  selected  are  foreign-language  descriptions  of  the  battery  and 
copies  of  foreign  patent  applications. 

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Fo toy ,18ih,, 1901 

Homan  E*hest  Dick, 

Chicago,  Ills-, 

Doar  Sir jp  .  ■ 

Uy  proposition  in  regal’d  to  tho  sale  and  working  of  my 
now  storage  battory,in  countries  outside  of  North  and  South 
America,  is  this,*-  -You  to  procoal  immediately  after  satisfactory 
tofcfcs  aro  made,  to  Europo,and  ontor  into  negotiations  for  tho  sale 
of  tho  patents  or  rights,  and  to  giro  yoUr  undivided  attention  to 
tho  objoct  in  view, until- all  tho  patents, are  disposed  Of  in  a 
manner  satisfactory  to  myself,  Y oh  aro  to  pay  all  expenses  of 

ovary, kind  in  carrying,  out  tills  unaprstanding, and  any  cash, stock, 
or  other  Valuable  conciaorationa  which  in  tho  course  of  negotiate 
ions  you, ,aro -compelled; to  give  array  to  effect  a  solo  of  the 
Mgits*ma  any  other  . oxponsen  arc  to'- bo  paid  out  of  your  Share  of 
the  prdceods  from .the,  oajte-  yh^ehlfjShall  givo  you  a»  your  portion 
of  tho  profits  from  tho  O3splo4ntion«  of  said  patents,  r 

•/ 5310  congidoroition  carrying  out  the 

above  rocitod  transactions,  is  onophalf  of  all  the  proceeds  received 
in  cashes  to  <2c  or  other  considerations,  except'  royaitioB*on  which  I 
will  allou«  you_one-third  instead  of  onc-half* 

,  Fricos,  8$d  conditions  of  salo,  f or  each  country  must  be  satis¬ 
factory  ;.t,p  me  bjBf^^  any  committments  pr  binding  undorstandinrS.o’r 
oantraots  are  madoy  ,  , 

--  .  i/:  Yours  $rulyy 

February  15th,  1901- 

lo  m om  it  May  Coneomjp 

Kr’*!Iomai  Ernest  Dick, la  visiting  Europe  in  connection 
vith  th0  “^  storage  battery, Which  T  horn  recently  devised, with  a 
view  of  exploiting  the'  sono  eomeroiallr. 

Som®  InJ'&rmati  oh  of  a  nsw  ele6t(£i&  BatifPFy  Jbate  cbm®  into  my 
possession^  is  send,  you  $  at  the  tfehman  together 

with  some  infejnsation  that  baa  heaphsd  me  ^ppm  4&rad®n  ghottb  it* 

I  had  hopes  o£  -haing  able  to  get  pOssoatA'Cii  of  this  jri'opatty,* 
hut  they  seem  to  he  $&#!&$  an  enoraotnS  $ot.  #.%$  9Q  % 

declining  to  negO elate  fuhthar^ 

rn*te  ^itfiJ^fl/1- 

New  York  Office,  44  Broad  St. 
May  3,  1901. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Dear  Sir:-- 

Orange,  N.  J. 

1  This  will  serve  to  introduce  Mr.  0.  S.  Drummond,  about 

whom  I  talked  with  Mr .  Randolph  over  the.  telephone  to-day.  Mr. 
Drummond  is  an  active  Direotor  in  the  British  Electric  Traction  Co., 
and  wishes  to  talk  to  you  regarding  storage  batteries  for  their,  use. 
Any  courtesy  extended  to  Mr.  Drummond  will  be  fully  appreciated  by 
the  General  Electric  Company,  as  well  as  by  . 

Yours  truly, 



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Franck  2. Maguire.  JosDBaucus  Jas.F  Cummings. 

Maguire  8c  Baucus, 

Electric  Railway  Supplies. 

5,  Warwick  Court,  High  Holborn, 
LONDON, w.c.  8th  June  1901. 


Hermann  E.  Dick,  Esq. , 

c/o  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

New  Jersey 

U.  S.  A. 





My  Dear  Dick, 

I  notice  by  the  New  York  papers  that  the 
Edison  Battery  Co.  has  been  incorporated,  and  that 
you  are  now  going  ahead  with  the  manufacturing  of 
the  battery. 

I  have  already  talked  with  two  or  three 
people  here  with  reference  to  their  taking  up  this 
battery  for  France  and  Belgium,  and  they  are 
extremely  interested  in  the  matter,  and  are  anxious 
to  get  copies  of  report  on  tests  which  you  have 
already  made;  also,  on  what  basis  they  will  be  able 
to  secure  the  rights  on  the  battery  for  this 






They  are  very  much  interested  to  know  about 
the  life  of  the  battery;  whether  it  is  as  durable  as 
the  ordinary  storage  battery  cell,  or  has  a  longer 
life.  These  parties  mean  business,  and  I  would  like 
to  treat  with  them  as  early  as  you  can  make  it 
possible  for  me  to  do  so.  As  soon  as  you  are  ready, 

therefore,  to  name  prices  for  this  territory  I  will 
take  the  matter  up  at  once. 

I  think  also,  that  if  you  could  let  me  have 
a  prioe  on  Germany  and.  Russia  I  can  in  all  probability 
sell  the  battery  for. you  ift  these  We 

have  specially  good  connections  in  Rusftia,  and  have 
Just  closed  a  very  important  deal  there  with  some  Of 
the  leading  Government  Officials.  Mr.  Maguire  has 

just  returned  from  St.  Petersburg  on  this  deal,  and 
will  probably  go  back  there  again  in  the  course  of 
the  next  few  weeks. 

I  am  confident  that  we  can  do  as  well  or 
better  for  you  in  Russia  than  any  other  parties  you 
have  in  mind.  If  you  have  found  any  difficulty 
in  securing  your  Russian  patent,  I  am  confident  we 
can  be  of  considerable  assistance  to  you  in  this 
line  as  the  parties  we  know  are  very  prominent  in 

Await ihg . the  favour  of  your  early  reply, 
and  with  very  kind  regards, 

Yours  sincerely. 

. . s.e. . .  _  . ^ . ' . . 

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Electric  railway  Supplies. 

5,  Warwick  Court,  High  Holborn, 
LONDON,w.c.  '  88th  June  1901. 


Hermann  35.  Dick,  35s q. , 

c/o  Thomas  A.  35dison,  3?sti. , 

0  R  A  31  0  35  , 

3Tew  Jersey,  U.R.A. 



3)ear  Sir, 

Replying  to  yours  of  the  17th  June,  I  would 
state  that  the  parties  I  referred  to  in  mv  letter  of 
the  8th  June  were  the  head  of  one  of  the  largest 
electrical  concerns  in  35tirope  and  his  electrical 
engineer,  who  is  also  recognised  as  being  one  of  the 
highest  authorities  in  Europe  in  his  line,  with  whom 
I  have  had  business  relations  for  some  time. 



The  matter  of  the  Edison  battery  came  up 
in  the  course  of  a  conversation,  and  I  simp3.y 
repeated  to  him  the  statements  regarding  the“ battery 
which  had  appeared  in  the  public  Press.  I  was  asked 
if  I  could  obtain  the  information  which  I  requested 
you  to  send  me,  and  1  stated  that  I  would  write  v0u. 
You  will  see,  therefore,  that  what  I  stated  was  no 
breach  of  confidence  in  anv  wav. 




As  you  seem  worried,  however,  lest  I  mav 
have  Baid  something  which  may  injure  "my  good  stand¬ 
ing  with  the  people  with  whom  I  liave  talked"  I  will 
show  them  your  letter  without  further  oomment. 

,  J-  think  in  fairness  to  myself  you. should 
withdraw  the  entirely  uncalled  for  reference  coupling 
myself  with  Col.  Gourahd,  and  that  the  spirit,  of  vour 
letter  was  not  warranted  by  any  action  I  have  taken 
in  this  natter. 


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August  14,  1901. 

Ifi-.  H.  E.  Dick, 

Edison  laboratory , 

Orange,  N.  J, 

I  was  sorry  to  find  you  away  from  your  office  and  not 
expected  to  return  for  several  weeks,  as  I  wanted  to  have  another 
talk  with  you  regarding  the  disposition  of  your  new  battery  in 
Germany  and  on  the  Continent  before  I  sailed  for  Berlin.  I  hope 
that  we  will  be  able  to  take  this  matter  up  with  you  as  soon  as 
you  are  ready  to  place  the  battery  upon  the  narket  and  we  shall  be 
much  pleasedto  have  you  call  upon  us  in  Berlin  during  your  European 
trip  this  fall.  In  the  meantime  we  should  liketo  keep  in  touch  " 
of  any  developments  along  the  line  of  my  recent  conversation  with 
both  yourself  and  Mr.  Edison  at  your  laboratory  in  Orange. 

Yours  very  truly, 

.  Represent  inrf/kTXJCtmitw.Tm.  “ 

[CA.  AUGUST  1901] 


Criticisms:;  on  the  Edison  Accumulator. 

A  criticism  of  Edison's  Iron-Nickel  Accumulator,  which  makes 
the  value  of  this  invention  rather  doubtful,  as  given  by  Dr.  Peters, 
in  the 1  Oentralbl.  ftir  Akk.  und  Blemsntenkunde" . 

He  estimates  that  the  certainly  favorable  statement  of  Kennelly 
there  are  necessary  9  4dn  active  superficies  in  the  Edition  Accumulator, 
against  5.67  qdm  in -a  good  transportable  traction  Dead  Accumulator, 
in  order  to  receive  1  kg  cell  weight  30.65  Killowatt  hours. 

A  Battery’;.:  which  should  produce  a  certain  amount  of  Electric 
energy  must  be  double  the  size  when  Niokelsuperoxyde-i ron-Elements  are 
used,  or  it  must  be  according  to  the  size  of  cells  or  according  to  their 
number,  an  though  Leadsuperoxyde -Lead-Elements  were  used. 

As  a  general  rule  they  will  have  to  enlarge  the  number  of 
cells  by  tractioij  batteries,  as  the  Automobile  Moto-T  needs  a  certain 
width  and  the  useful  unloading  space  in  the  Edisom Accumulator  with 
1,1  V  is  also  only  half  of  the  generally  good  traction  cells  which  amount 
1 t 95  to  1,97  V.  It  is  very  questionable  whether  it  will  be  an  easy 
matter  to  obtain  double  the  room  in  the  Automobile  than  was  necessary 
thus  far,  without  its  occupying  unnecessary  dimensions.  It  is  very 
doubtful  whether  any  weight  has  been  saved  thus  far  through  the  new 
accumulator  because  the  specific  weight  of  nickel  and  iron  is  hardly 
2/3  from  that  of  lead  (nickel  6,5  to  8,9  s;teal  7,6  to  7,8  Lead  11,37 
and  Leadsuperoxyde  7  round) .  Thus  far  all  publications  concerning  the 
Edison  Accumulator  are  ver p  reticent  as  to  its  usefulness .  Dr.  Peters 
tests  with  remarks  from  Reed  which  he  made  in  discussing  Kenelly's  speech^ 

make  it  appear  very  probable  that  the  loading  space  will  reach  nearly 
2  V.,  which  is  double  of  the  unloading  space.  For  this  reason  alone 
you  could  not  count  any  more  than  50  pOt.  W.-st.  hound,  beneficial 
effect,  and  even  if  the  loading  expense  is  not  very  high  for 
automobile  purposes,  yet  an  advancement  of  about  20  pGt  will  be  realized 
against  the  Lead-Accumulator,  because  the  relief  is  made  useless  by 
the  other  mentioned  benefits.  Still  more  will  the  useful  effeot  have 
to  be  brought  down  when  the  iron-oxyde  will  be  reduced  badly. 

A  revolution  in  the  making  of  Accumulators,  has  not  been 
caused  by  the  Edison  Apparatus,  as  it  is  wished  for  in  the  interest 
of  the  Automobile  Industry. 

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Elekfricitats  -  (SI erke  Jlktien gesellsch  aft. 

Maschinen  =Abtheilung. 

u.  s.  A. 

Dear  Sir, 

I  think  it  will  prove  advantaceous  to  have  a  few  complete 
electrons  for  ^  demonetration  before  the  Patent  Office  ,  as  well 
as  it  will  he  of  interest  to  the  Gentlemen  connected  with  the  batte¬ 
ry  case  to  see  them  . 

I  only  broueht^for  my  experiments ^electroes  of  experimental 
size,  and  therefore  bec  you  ,  if  you  find,  it  advisable  ,  and  have 
some  to  spare,  kindly  send  me  a  few  ,  for  instance  of  those 
nickel  electrons  prepared  shortly  before  youa returned  from  Canada. 

Yours  very  respectfully 

i OcA-  >1*  l  IT] 

Hotel  SaxoLia  Berlin  Bov.  12th  1901 

Mr .  Thoms  A.  E  cl  ft  s  o  n 

Llewellyn  i Pc 

As  Mr.  Dyer  will  havepold  you]  I  sent  to  him  on  Oct .  29th 
a  cable  sciyiny:  "Biisiness  finished,  w7a  t  next?".  It  appeared 
to  DrfSell  and  to]  myself  at  that  time,,  that  there  would  be 
little  tuore  work  of  any  importance  for  me  for  the  following 
6-10  weeps  -the]  time  usually  required  by  the  examiner  to  go 
throngh^abpi  to  ejet  in}  the  cases. 

In  order,  phen,  to  prevent ' that  I  nearly  idle 
for  18— 20  dckjst  -i.  e . -  till  I  could  get  orders  by  mail  from 
America ,/  sent  said  message  and  received  in  ansvjer  the  cable, 
known  to  yon: "Assist  Norway,  Sweden,  Austria,  advise  Brandon 
Paris  letter  to-day.  Dyer” 

On  the  same  day  I  sent  a  copy  of  this  cable  to  Messrs. 
Brandon  and  put  myself  to  their  disposal,  explaining  to  them 
the  purpose  of  my  presence  in  Europe;  on  Bov.  6th  I  got  an 
answer  informing  me  or,  the  state  of  affairs  in  the  different 
countries  and  ending  thus: 

"Therefore,  so  far,  your  attention  to  these  matters  is 
not  needed  for  the  present.  Will  yon  kindly  let  ns  know  your 
address  at  all  times  so  thht  vje  may  communicate  with  yon”. 

I  According 

According  to  this  I  had  only  to  wait  for  Mr .  Dyer's 
announced  letter,  and,  as  just  at  that  time,  vxi  received  the. 
examiner's  infomations  in  the  Cd-Cn-case,  and  some  days  later 
in  the  Mg-case,  I  had  plenty  to  do,  going  through  these,  ca¬ 
ses  and  composing  the.  amendments  with  Dr.  Sell . 

To-day  then,  I  received  Mr.  Dyer's  letter  giving  good 
and  clear  information  and  again  directing  me.  to  Messrs.  Bran¬ 
don.  As,  however,  I  should  be  of  little  direct  use  in  Paris, 

I  prefer  to  write  and  ash  of  letters  of  introduction  to  the 
Vienna  attorneys,  and  shall  then  on  the  receipt  of  such  let¬ 
ters  leave  for  Vienna  Jlfy  present  work  in  this  city  will  be 
finished  by  to-morrow,  and_I  shall  not  he  needed  here  till 
in  about  3  weeks,,  when  we  get  the  examiner’s  decissions  in 
the  Ni-Fa  cases, 

I  send  unclosed  my  translations  of  the  amendments  of 
Oct.  Bdth,  which  yon  will  probably  find  a  little  limited; 
but  still  I  think,  it  must  be  considered  good  luck,  if  the 
inflexible  German  office  will  allow  them  without  further  chan¬ 

The  latest  informations  in  the  Cn-Cd-case,  for  instance, 
were  so  contrary,,  that  Dr.  Sell  believes  that  he  will  be  able 
to  use  them,  if  needed,  as  a  good  argument  against  the  exami¬ 
ner  before  the  next  instance,  in  tho  Fe-Ni-case. 

The  examiner  is,  as  I  mentioned  before,  a  singular  eeo- 
I  .  ception 

caption,  as  far  as  lack  of  good  will  and  intelligence  is 

Regarding  the  Jmgnar  cell  I  am  informed  by  a  friend, 
just  coming  from  Stockholm,  that  there  has  been  formed  a 
100,000  dollars  company  to  the  manufacturing  of  same  in 
-JonAkopring,  Sweden,  and  that  their  automobiles  may  be  seen  in 
Stockholm.,  climbing  the  steep  hills  of  that  city  at  an  im¬ 
pressive  speed,  and  carrying  a  surprisingly  low  weight  bat¬ 
tery.  This  is  not  very  encouragoing,  as  regards  the  annihi¬ 
lation  of  Jnngner's  patent  in  England:  but  in  the  Cd-Cn-case, 
there  has  been  cited  ago  inst  ns  an  Am.  Pat.  by  Fanre  Ho . 
389882  of  Sept.  68,  describing  and  claiming  a  principle  of 
which  Jnngner's  principle  is  nothing  but  a  special  case. 
According  to  German  law,  this  allovjs  the  annihilation  of 
Jnngner's  patent,  and  thus  there  appears  to  be  no  danger  in 
that  respect  in  this  country.  How  correct  this  is  in  case 
of  England  I,  of  course,  do  riot  know,  hut,  at  all  events,  I 
mention  same  to  Mr.  Dyer  in  my  letter  to-day. 

V/ith  best  wishes  for -  your  health  I  remain 

Yours  very  respectfully 


*)  9  t<L.  i  AA 

JAuJ  Id-  t tjol 

if,  (j2iru/w^x  .  .  •  — 

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’^C- '-ocvkJ 

uy~ — 



**/?/<■  j/MMf- .  U  Mj/jta 

Dec.  9th.  19ol. 

ITew  Jersey  ,  U.S.A. 

We  received  your  memo\of  Nov.  27th.  regarding  cash 

*/•«/•.  M/.J* 

advanced  to  your  Mr.  Rafn  .  We  note  that  we  should  not  advance  him 

any  more  money  unless  we  have  your  cahl f  instructions  regarding  it. 
However  we  wish  to  inform  you  that  Mr  /Rafn  recently  paid  hack  U.  500.- 

of  money  adyafi^d^^^Sn-we-i^lWrefhreluivanc e  him  money  within  thaft 

limit  ^  j/in  case  he,'oijld!*T^irirh~it-.?_  . 

i — -  Please  answer  at  your  earliest  convenience . 

YourB  faithfully 

>0  i  JUdioagescllseliaft. 


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1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  General  (D-01-06) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
a  variety  of  subjects.  Included  are  documents  that  deal  with  more  than  one 
subject  or  that  do  not  fall  under  the  main  subject  categories  in  the  Document 
File.  Among  the  items  for  1901  are  a  letter  from  longtime  Edison  associate 
Sigmund  Bergmann;  a  telegram  from  Guglielmo  Marconi;  and  Edison's 
comments  on  physicist  Henry  Rowland  following  Rowland's  death. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

Howard  A,  Colby  relating  to  a  building  for  reoreation  purposes 
which  he  offers  to  ereot  and  present  t.o  Llewellyn  Park. 

Mr.  Colby,  in  tendering  this  generous  gift,  does  bo 
without  imposing  any  conditions  except  that  the  building  shall  be 
suitably  heated  and  provided  with  a  custodian  at  reasonable  times. 

If  the  offer  is  accepted  it  will  be  necessary  for  those 
interested  to  become  responsible55  for  the  cost  of  maintaining  the 
building,  as  the  condition  of  the  Llewellyn  Park  treasury  at  the 
present  time  will  not  justify  the  Board  in  incurring  any  additional 
fixed" charges.  The  estimated  cost  of  maintenance  is  not  likely 
to  be  large. 

We  deBire  an  expression  of  opinion  from  you  as  to  the 
advisability  of  accepting  Mr.  Colby's  offer,  and  should  be  glad  to 
hear  from  you  at  an  early  date. 

YourB  truly, 




February  11th,  1901. 

To  the  Board  of  Managers, 

Llewellyn  Park,  Orange,  N.  J. 


Referring  to  the  proposition  which  I  have  heretofore  infor¬ 
mally  made  in  regard  to  donating  to  the  Park  a  building  for  certain 
recreation  purposes,  I  write  to  say  that  my  idea  of  such  a  building  is 
as  follows:  It  would  be  a  building  especially  for  winter  use,  made  of 

brick  with  a  trussed  roof,  about  150  by  70  feet.  In  order  that  it 
might  be  useful  for  tennis,  it  will  be  about  40  feet  in  height,  with 
glass  skylights.  It  could  also  be  used  readily  for  dancing  purposes, 
and  would  be  equipped  with  a  small  stage  for  dramatic  and  other  enter¬ 

The  conditions  of  such  a  gift,  which  would  be  unrestricted, 
would  entail  the  maintenance  of  the  plant  by  the  Park  authorities,  so 
that  it  would  be  suitably  heated  and  provided  with  a  custodian  at  all 
reasonable  times,  for  the  amusement  of  those  entitled  to  avail  them¬ 
selves  of  its  privileges.  I  might  add  that  the  building  will  be 
provided  with  a  steam  heating  apparatus  so  that  it  might  be  used 
throughout  the  the  winter  season. 

My  purpose  in  writing  is  to  ascertain  whether  your  Board  can 
set  apart  for  the  purposes  of  such  a  building  a  plot  of  ground,  and 
if  so,  whether  they  are  willing  to  accept  the  building  on  the  condi¬ 
tions  I  have  stated. 

Very  truly  yours, 

(Signed)  HOWARD  A.  COLBY. 

IPi*t>A'  c*U-Ov\S 

J  ft«:  ‘to  ^-brfLtfi-cx.*  «|«sv  vw-<**vCEC  ”tT  > 

u*dit. 4^.  «--*•  ir^' 

-  JajvU.  C-O  OVt*  <WfcV  -’  ■l  —  ^  “ 

(^zr  ,«L..<rvw. 

..■cttz*.  — ■ ■■*  / 


uA-tt,  ^  ^  ^r* 

Park  Avenue  Hot'e^p/v v-d 

Few  York, Feu. 3.1, 1901'. 

.  EBISOT.Esq. 
Orange, F.J. 

My  Book, “Flame, Electricity  and  the  Camera”,  toward  which  you 
gave  me  generous  aid, has  had  a  gratifying  sale.  The  publishers-, Double- 
day,  Page  <1  Co.,  wish  me  to  write  them  a  second  hook  on  IliVEiTTIOI?  AI7D 
DISCOVERY.  In  writing  its  chapters  I  would  he  glad  to:  describe-  your 
present  work  in  the  separation  of  iron  from  ore.  Indeed,  anything  you 
care  to  say  about  your  other  achievements,  present  or  past, will  ho-  of 
interest  to  the  reading  public..  If  I  may  trouble  you-  by  calling  at  your 
laboratory, pray  name  any  time  convenient  to  yourself,  and  say  within  hciw 
many  minutes  I  am  to  bid- you  farewell. 

With  high  regard, 


XP^%\  -^r  ’"Sr.:. 

■'■ N- 1  Yj^  Thomas  A,r  Bdiaon,  Esq..,  U  &*-"**  "77”  <- -/ 4  ’ 

"  \  (Hew  Jersey.  U.S.A'. 

/.  ] . ...,„.<•  ,.,;rrr 

Antwort  erbittm  an 

Abtheilung  M 

I  telegraphed  you  a  few  days  ago  £ 

follows,  -  "Any  new  German  Patent  applications  you  are  making 
advise  you  strongly  to  have  attended  to  here  by  Seubel."  which 
no  dount  you  understood.  I  simply  want  to  impress  upon  you 
that  you  must  let  your  German  Patents  go  through  our  hands  if 
you  do  not  want  to  make  the  same  experiences  as  you  did  with 
a  number  of  your  German  applications.  That  what  I  suggest  is 
of  the  greatest  importance  to  you  we  have  proved  through  the 
Ore  Milling  cases,  which  nearly  all  went  through  successfully 
in  spite  of  prior  publication. 

You  are  no  doubt  aware  that  the  Giant  Rolls  Patent  has  been 

rr  ('^f 


Of  course  you  understand  there  will  be 
our  part  besides  the  official  fees,  and 

Seubel  and  myself,  our  < 

i  Patent  Rawer  and  £ 

to  take  care  of  your  interests. 

Bergmann-Elektromotoren-  und  Dynamo -Werke  Aktiengesellschaft. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.  Orange,  cnntd.  7th.  March.  1901. 

The  pleasant  news  you  have  indicated  in  your  last  letter 
that  Dick  would  soon  bring  something  over  that  would  please 
me  has  put  me  on  the  tip  toe  of  expectation. 

I  oan  only  repeat  to  you  that  if  you  have  something  really 
good,  that  I  and  my  concern  here  can,  as  far  as  Germany  and 
Austria  are  concerned,  handle  any  enterprise  and  make  more 
money  in  quicker  time  for  you  than  any  one  else  on  the  continent. 

We  have  at  our  command  the  most  important  Banks  in  Germany, 
therefore  give  me  the  first  chance  in  Germany  and  Austria  and 
your  interests  I  assure  you,  will  be  well  taken  care  of. 


r  h  — Mr  ,  ^ibley  ^olle9e>  iji?iu<?rsity.  «==*-. 

3U.w^vi57v»  S  kec-^jy^T  1  **■»}<•££*'»  w^i  "C,i  £V.v-*  <M» 

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^  <ie^?-  vJSUJU.  ‘ 

V-'  vv.-^COU  t"Y  oJLt-^M  C^iJ  «_Ar4.f'  (T  ^‘"T  *-'-£> 

Where  is^our  wife’s  nephew  and  whatis  he  doing  ?  ' 
/i-t*  We.  wo  /vtrvK.*  t/p^L,  i  .o»t(.  w~  (_.U  i-O*.  ->~'-<'j 
When  ishe  coming  back  to  finilh  his  Job  at' Cornell  ?  Cannot  you  or  J !m 

k  , 

Edison  write)ne  about  hlun  andhlsplnns  and  of  youijorher  .plf&is  for  him  ? 

I  think  he^ju|^-have^|iic|e|Q  point  J?romwhich  it  wouldbeproper  for  him 
^yJbJi&^ac^a^icompletA  hiswprk  .  Is  not  that  business  for  which  you 
drew  him  out  iqsacU4alfep#%gfta t  hecan  leave  it  long  enough  to  finish  the 

I  have  not  heard  fromyou  for  a  long  time  .  I  hope  that  you  and. Mrs 
Edison  are  well  and  happy  and  that  the  worldis  kind  to  you  both  inall 

ways  .  I  am  still  hoping  for  a  visit  to  Cornell  from  you  and  there  is 
quite  as  rauchhere  for  you  to  see  and  hear  about  as  ever.  1  expect, when 

you  cane, to  find  injrourtrunk , t oo , that  bust  that  you  were-to  give  me  so 
long  ago  and  perhaps  sameof  the  relics  of  earlier  days  and  illustratioi 

of  your  "History  oflnventions"  that  I  could  not  get  you  quite  to  promie* . 
though  this,  of  all  placesinthe  world, is  the  place  for  them  -  theoldestj# 

and  the  la? gas—  t  school  of' electrical  engineering  inthe  country  . 

But  whether  you  come  with  or  witout  them  ,you  will  be  welcome 
notwithstanding  your  long  waiting  . 

Very  sinorely  yours 




-TUto  Company  TttANSMITSonclDEMVEIlSmessaBca  only  on  conmtIonBllmltInBll>ltobUily,J.lili>!.lilivnl»cnus™n(iHl  to  bv  II, oraiJuroflliofollowlnirn, Plan™ 

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Editorial  Rooms  W.D. WEAVER. 




Thos.  A.  SdlBon,  Esq., 

Menlo  Park,  Orange,  N.  j. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison 

I  have  been  very  muo  ed/£o  note  the  enolosed 

matter  in  the  New  York  Journal  afid  must  confess  that  I 

cannot  understand  it.  I  have  Mr.  Pish,  who  is  very  muoh 

distressed  that  suoh  a  thing  s  ear  in  puhlio  prints,  and 

who,  from  what  1  know  of  him,  the  last  man  to  want  to 

step  into  your  shoes,  if'Jfils  s  were  true.  I  am  not  saying 

anything  about  thevmatter  in  t:  this  week  other  than  to 

note  the  fact  of  the  G.  E.  ole  t  I  thought  I  ought  to  drop 

you  a  line  so  that  in  case  yoj/  nything  to  be  said  we  might 

understand  each  other. 

Believe  me,  with  egards  and  best  wishes, 

May  15th,  IS 01, 



Frederick  P.  Fish  Elected  a  Director  in  His  Place  at  | 
the  Company’s  Annual  Meeting  in 
Schenectady  Yesterday. .  '•  , 

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Orange,  N J. ,  July  26,  1901. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  EBq. ,  /‘‘TT^rT 

Chautauqua,  N.  Y.  ( _ 

Hear  Mr.  Edison: 

You  will  remember  that  sometime  ago  Mr*  Eoley,  Super¬ 
intendent  of  Telegraph  of  the  H.  1,  &  W.  R.  R.,  talked  to  you  about  a 
scheme  that  they  had  in  mind  of  train  despatching  hy  means  of  telephones, 
instead  of  telegraph,  and  they  wanted  to  know  if  some  connection  could 
not  be  made  with  the  phonograph  so  that  a  record  could  be  kept  of  all 
orders.  You  stated  to  him,  as  I  understand  it,  that  such  a  thing  was 
feasible.  They  are  now  very  anxious  to  know  what,  if  anything,  oan  be 
done.  Hid  you  ever  give  the  matter  any  further  attention,  and  can  any¬ 
thing  be  done  until  you  get  back?  Mr.  Eoley  has  telephoned  to  me  in 
regard  to  the  matter  and  I  should  like  to  give  him  some  sort  of  a  reply. 
Please  answer  on  the  back  of  this  in  enolosed  envelope. 

Yours  very  truly,. 


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Fils  EDISON  *— 

Tjiis  relates  to  a  new  method  of  telephone  despatches  instead  of 
telegraph,  that  Mr.  Edison  was  v/orking  on  about  the  time  the  lett er' was 
written— the  latter  end  of  July  1901. 


‘  ^he  Society  of  the  P|ew  Ifork  Mospital,  ' 

•  J  HOUSE  OF  RELIEF,  67  Hudson  St., 

r  y  New  YorkTl2^.Z^. . 190  / 

(^\VV  hJ-^> 


. . 

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. . 

.....  - .  _ 

/t-4 _ o^-^<  <^y~\ 

ifhe  Society  of  the  M|ew  York  Mospital, 

HOUSE  OF  RELIEF,  67  Hudson  St., 

New  York, . . . 190 




$400.  is  subscribed  for  the  purpose  of  assisting  the  beneficiary  in 
some  kind  of  business.  On  this  list  of  subscriptions  appears  your 
name.  Personally  I  know  nothing  about  the  case,  but  presume  you 
investigated  it  before  you  subscribed.  Would  it  be  asking  too  much 
to  let  me  have  what  information  you  can  concerning  the  party.  I  do 
not  want  to  see  anyone  in  the  electrical  business  suffer,  especially 
one  of  the  pioneers,  if  I  can  be  of  assistance.  Thanking  you  in 
advance  for  your  courtesy,  I  remain, 

5f,WfA'S  +.  jg/ 

c*U«t«  /■  A  ’v '  - 

A/ A 

,  ,  ,  y  A>  s* 

.■  A  Jf'  ./  ^COLUMBIA  UNIVERSITY  A  ^ 

THE  CITY  0F  NEW  YORK  ^  ^ 

ir.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Orange,  N.  J. 



Deo.  16,  1001. 

The  Eleotrioal  Engineering  Department  of  Columbia 
University  now  lacks  the  following  important  pieces  of  apparatus, 
whioh  are  essential  to  the  equipment  of  a  first  class  eleotrioal 

1  Storage  battery  and  attachments  $1,500. 

1  Three-phase  generator  and  attachments  1,500. 

2Motor-dynamcj[sets  for  lecture  demonstrations  1,000. 

3  Single,  two  and  three-phase  motors  750. 

4  Direct  current  machines  for  regular  use  in 

laboratory  1,000. 

Laboratory  standards  of  voltage,  currents 

resistance,  inductance,  capacity,  etc.  2,500. 

Lecture  models  1,250. 

Installation  of  above  apparatus  500. 

Total  $10,000. 

It  is  out  of  the  question,  at  the  present  time,  for  the 
University  itself  to  appropriate  the  whole  or  any  considerable  portion 
of  the  sum  required  to  purchase  the  above  apparatus,  and  it  is  not  like¬ 
ly  to  be  in  a  position  to  do  so  for  several  years  to  come.  Out  of  its 
own  resources  the  University  is  able  to  make  only  a  small  allowance  to 
eaoh  of  its  fifty  departments.  This  is  barely  sufficient  to  cover  the 
cost  of  supplies,  repairs,  and  very  small  additions  to  equipment.  Exper- 

-2-  ) 

ienoe  has  shown  that  manufacturers  are  willing  to  make  small  donations 
of  samples  and  special  forms  of  apparatus,  but  they  do  not  feel  warranted 
in  giving  large  pieces  of  standard  machinery.  The  numerous  educational 
•eduoafet&ntrl  institutions  throughout  the  country  are  constantly  asking  foA-' 
gifts  of  this  kind,  so  that  manufacturers  have  found  it  necessary  to 
make  a  general  refusal.  In  view  of  these  facts  the  Department  finds  that 
the  only  available  means  of  obtaining  the  facilities  which  it  needs  so 
much  is  to  appeal  to  the  generosity  of  its  friends. 

In  the  remarkable  progress  of  electrical  soienoe  and  its 
applications  during  the  past  twenty  years,  the  United  States  has  taken 
the  leading  part,  and  New  York  has  been  and  is  now  the  headquarters  of 
that  leadership.  It  seems  appropriate,  therefore,  that  the  principal  ed¬ 
ucational  institution  in  or  near  the  city  should  possess  a  well  equipped 
eleotrioal  laboratory.  Each  year  it  would  directly  benefit  more  than 
one  hundred  electrical  engineering  students,  and  nearly  three  hundred 
students  in  mechanical,  civil,  and  mining  engineering,  and  in  chemistry. 
Such  a  laboratory  exerts  also  a  less  direot,  but  very  important  influ¬ 

ence  on  scientific  and  industrial  progre 
O'/  COAjl  tc  A 

(j-c  tc  ne,c*xtk.  £*** 


rulv  vours.  ' 

Very  truly  yours 


■xV-c  ..2  >  /par 


Orange,  N.  J.,  December  30,  1901. 

You  are  hereby  notified  that  a  meeting  of  per¬ 
sons  owning  land  subject  to  assessment  will  be  held 
on  Monday,  the  13th  day  of  January  next,  being  the 
second  Monday  in  the  month,  at  the  residence  of 
Benjamin  Douglass,  Jr.,  in  Llewellyn  Park,  that 
being  the  place  fixed  by  the  Trustees,  when  a  Com¬ 
mittee  of  Managers  will  be  chosen  for  the  year  next 
l,,(’  P<*t '  i  8STHJ  Jr 

ensuing,  and  the  annual  tax  or  assessment  fixed  ; 
and  for  the  transaction  of  such  other  business  as 
may  properly  come  before  the  said  meeting. 

Wm.  Read  Howe,  Secretary. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Clubs  and  Societies  (D-01-09) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison's  membership  and  activities  in  social  clubs  and  professional 
societies.  Included  are  solicitations  from  the  Young  Men’s  Christian 
Association  of  the  Oranges  and  the  Franklin  Murphy  Young  Voters  League, 
both  of  which  received  donations  from  Edison. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

q/Cbue  address:  n 

William  J.  Hammer, 




NEW  YORK, _ I.®1?..! . Uth.  1901. . 

. 190  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.  j. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison :-  me  to  extend  my 'he arty  congratulations  and  host 
Tiiihes  on  this  your  birthday./  Y/hen  I  saw  you  recently,  I  men¬ 
tioned  that  the  American  Institute  of  Electrical  Engineers  would 
hold  a  "Oonversazionne”  about  the  middle  of  Larch,  and  X  was  led 
to  hope  from  your  endorsement  of  this  idea,  and  from  other  remarks, 
ihat  you  would  perhsjy*  he  able  to  contribute  something  to  this 
first  »Sonversazioiw%»  of  the  Institute.  I  now  write  to  state 
that  in  order  to  gjtve  additional  time,  and  seoure  the  full  suc¬ 
cess  of  the  »lonwfc‘sasio?uw“,  the  iommittee  has  decided  to  make 
the  date  April.  4-|3th,  and  it  will  probabl/held  at  Columbia  Univ¬ 
ersity,  -here  tfoiitimous  and  alienating  currents,  and  other  fa¬ 
cilities  willibe  accorded  us.  You  know  how  eminently  successful 
V336  ent ort adnment s  have  been  abroad,  and  our  Committee  is  ex¬ 
ceedingly  anKious  to  make  this  one,  given  by  the  American  Insti¬ 
tute  very  successful,  and  a  credit  to  the  Institute,  and  all  oon- 
oerW.  Invitations  will  be  extended  to  people  of  prominence, 
connected  Mth  the  state  and  Municipal  Government, and  others,  and 
the  committee  are  encouraged  to  believe  that  some  of  our  most 
prominent j  members  will  opntribute  features  of  great  interest  and 
as  the  data  haB  been  changed,  the  0) remittee  also  hope 


T.  A.  Edison,  Beg., 

Hesailyn  Park, 

Now  Jersey,  U.S.A. 


I.  have  the  honour  to  enolose 
this  Congress  shioh  sill  lndloate 
which  have  already  been  made* 
3rd.,  4th  and  5th  of  September  of 

js'sth  April  1901 

a  Provisional  Preliminary  Programme  foi 
>  to  iron  its  aoope  and  the  arrangements 
TheP  Meetings  will  be  held  here  on  the 

It  sill  be  seenfrom  the  Programme  that  the  Oongneaa  sill .be  supported 

by  the  prinolpal  Engineering  Sooleties  in  Orest  Britain,  and  eaoh  is  in . 

oharge  of  that  Seotloa  of  the  Congress  shioh  deals  sith  . the  partloulsr 
Branoh  of  the. Snbjeot  in  shioh  it  is  interested.  Delegates  from  foreign 
Governments  and  Sooietles  and  other  distinguished  foreign  Engineers  have  been 
t nominated  as  Honorary  Members  of  the  Congress.  t  h%ve  been  disabled'.:  to 

inform  yon  that  yon  have :beea  nominated  as  an  Honorary  Member,  and  to  .express 
the  hope  that  yon  sill  be  able  to  attend  and  take  part  in  the  Vestings. 

If  it  is  yonr  intention  to  be  present  at  the  Congreee  I  shall ;be  glad 
to  forward  to  you  when  it  is  ready  a  more  pomplete  programme  and  a  lint  of 
Hotels  and  their  terms. 

itate  :lf  yonr  i 

address  and  titles  : as  written 



3rd,  4th ,  5th  one.  6th  of  SEPTEMBER,  igoi. 


The  Bight  Honourable  the  Lora  Km, tin,  G.O.V.O. 

The  hfoat  Noble  the  Dokb  op  Abovll. 

The  Bight  Honourable  the  Lord  Blythbwood. 

The  Bight  Honourable  the  Loud  Pbovost  of  Edinburgh. 

The  Honourable  the  Loud  Pbovost  of  Glasgow. 


Jambs  Manberqh,  President  of  the  Institution  of  Civil  Engineers. 

The  Bight  Hon.  the  Eabl  op  Glasgow,  G.O.M.G.,  President  of  the  Institution  of  Naval  Arohlteots. 
William  H.  Maw,  President  of  the  Institution  of  Meohanloal  Engineers. 

William  Whitwell,  President  of  the  Iron  and  Steel  Institute. 

Professor  John  Pbiibt,  D.So.,  P.B.S.,  President  of  the  Institution  of  Eleotriool  Engineers. 

Sir  William  Thomas  Lewis,  Bart.,  President  of  the  Institution  of  Mining  Engineers. 

Robbbt  Oaibd,  LL.D.,  President  of  the  Institution  of  Engineers  ona  Shipbuilders  in  Scotland. 

Colonel  J.  M.  Denny,  M.P.,  President  of  the  Institution  of  Marine  Engineers. 

Professor  B.  L.  Weiqhton,  Yioe-President  of  the  North-East  Coast  Institution  of  Engineers 
and  Shipbuilders. 

James  S.  Dixon,  President  of  tbo  Mining  Institute  of  Sootland. 


Delegates  of  Poreign  Governments  and  SooletieB,  and  others. 


Jambs  Manbbboh,  Chairman.  Bobert  Oaibd,  LL.D.,  Vice-Chairman. 

Members  of  Oounoil  of  the  Institutions  undertaking, the  work  of  the  Sootions,  and  of  the  ohiof 
Looal  Institutions,  including  the  Institution  of  Engineers  and  Shipbuilders  in  Scotland,  West  of 
Scotland  Iron  and  Stool  Institute,  Mining  Institute  of  Scotland,  and  tbo  Glasgow  Local  Seotion  of 
the  Institution  of  Eleotrioal  Engineers;  a  number  of  representative  engineers  from  Glasgow  ond 
the  neighbourhood,  and  from  various  engineering  oentros  at  home  and  abroad;  and  the  members 
of  the  London  Committee. 

Sit  Douolab  Pox,  Chairman. 

The  Presidents,  Past  Presidents  and  Vioo-Prosidents  of  the  Institutions  of  Civil  Engineers, 
of  Mechanical  Engineers,  of  Naval  Architects,  of  Eleotrical  Engineers  and  of  the  Iron  and  Stoel 

Institute ;  representatives  of  the  other  leading  Institutions  in  England,  and  the  following  representatives 


of  the  Glasgow  Local  Executive  Committee,  Archibald  Ban,  D.Bo.,  Robert  Oaird,  LL.D.,  H.  A.  Mavor ; 
J.  H.  T. -Tudsbery,  D.So.,  Honorary  Seoretary,  the  Institution  of  Oivii  Engineers,  Westminster, 
London,  S.W. 

Robert  Oaird,  LL.D.,  Chairman. 

Local  members  nominated  by  the  General  Committee  1  and  in  addition  the  Chairmen  and 
Honorary  Secretaries  of  Sections,  and  the  following  Members  nominated  by  the  London  Committee — 
Sir  Douglas  Pox,  E.  P.  Martin,  E.  Windsor  Riohards,  Alexander  Siemens,  EranoiB  Elgar,  LL.D,, 
Thomas  Evans,  J.  W.  Helps,  0.  H.  Lowe,  and  J.  H.  T.  Tudsbory,  D.Bo.  . 

Robert  Oaird,  LL.D.,  Chairman. 

Oonvenbrb:  — Professor  Archibald  Barr,  D.So.,  A.  S.  Biooart,  Professor  J.  H,'  Bileb,  Robert 
Oaird,  LL.D.,  James  S.  Dixon,  W.  Poulis,  J.  G.  Jenkins,  0.  0.  Lindsay, 
H.  A.  Mavor,  A.  B.  M'Donald,  J.  P.  M'Intosh,  James  Rowan. 

J.  D.  Cobmaok,  The  University,  Glasgow. 


The  meetings  for  the  reading  of  papers  will  bo  held  within  the  University  BuildingB,  whioh  are 
in  immediate  proximity  to  the  Exhibition.  As  a  rule  the  Seotions  will  meet  on  the  forenoons  of 
Tuesday,  Wednesday,  and  Thursday,  3rd,  4th,  and  6th  September,  1901,  at  10  a.m.  Members  of 
tho  Congress  will  be  entitled  to  attend  the  meetings  of  any  or  all  of  the  Sections. 


ViBits  to  Works  in  Glasgow  and  neighbourhood  will  be  arranged  by  Sub-Oommittees  representing 
the  several  seotionB ;  but  the  works  will  be  open  to  all  Members  of  the  Congress.  Many  works  will 
bo  open  to  Members  at  any  time  during  the  Congress  week;  but  speoial  visits  are  being  arranged  for 
the  afternoons  of  the  Tuesday,  Wednesday,  and  Thursday,  and  at  other  times.  The  arrangements  for 
some  Seotions  will  inolude.  visits  to  the  Exhibition  under  competent  guides. 


The  Honourable  the  Lord  Provost  and  the  Corporation  of  Glasgow  have  announced  their  intention 
of  receiving  and  entertaining  the  Members  of  the  Congress.  Evening  Entertainments  and  River  and 
other  Excursions  are  being  arranged.  Excursions  only  will  be  arranged  for  Priday,  6th  September. 


.  Eaoh  Member  will  be  entitled,  without  ohorge,  to  a  Volume  of  Abstracts  of  the  Papers  read  in  all 
the  Seotions.  Where  not  otherwise  arranged  for;  the  Papers  read  in  a  Seotion  will  be  printed  in  the 
Transactions  of  the  Sooiety  in  ohorge  of  that  Seotion,  and  the  Transactions  of  eaoh  Seotion  may  be 
purchased  separately.  -  ,  3 

the-Congress-weekr-will-be-Half-a-Guinea.  ***  *^6  Exhibition-during 

k  detailed  Programme  will  be  issued  later. 



The  following  are  the  Seotiona  and  the  Offloe-Bearera  nominated,  or  the  InatitutionB  whioh  have 
been  invited  and  have  deoided  to  take  eharge : — 

Section  I. — RAILWAYS. 

Chairman,  Sir  Benjamin  Bakeb,  K.O.M.G.,  E.B.S. 

Honorary  Seorotary,  B.  Elliott  Coon®,  8  The  Sanotnary,  Westminster,  London,  S.W. 


Chairman,  Sir  John  Wolfe  Barry,  K.O.B.,  E.B.S. 

Honorary  Seorotary,  L.  F.  VEnNON-HAnoouni,  6  Queen  Anne's  Gate,  Westminster,  London,  S.W. 


The  Institution  of  Moohanioal  Engineers. 

Chairman,  William  H.  Maw,  President  of  the  Institution  of  Meohanioal  Engineers. 
Honorary  Seorotary,  Edoaii  Worthington,  Institution  of  Meohanioal  Engineers,  Storey’s  Gate, 

St.  JamoB’s  Park,  London,  S.W. 


RbstFdnndr  Smith  Gor:.’ 


*11  sragKs;, 

37  to  43JJWNING  ST,  Cor.  BEDFORD, 


May  18th,  1901. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

West  Orar^e, 

Dear  Sin  ~  " 

Mr,-,R^chai’ d  Colgato  informs  me  that  yo^^ave  renewed^for  the  current  year,  your 
annual  pledge  of  $100.00  to  the  Young  Men's  Christian  Association  of  the  Oranges.  We  are 
endeavoring  to  aooumulate  some  funds  before  the  vaoation  season  fairly  opens,  whioh  will 
help  us  in  getting  through'  the  sumner  without  borrowing.  If  quite  convenient,  we  will 
greatly  appreciate  a  check  for  the  amount  of  your  subscription,  to  reaohus  between  this 
date  and  the  first  of ’June,  if  practicable. 

Thanking  you  -for  ’the  practical  Interest  you  have  s^own  for  many  years  in  our 
work,  I  remain,  • 


o  &  ’(kjuijLf,  ^)r-e 

The  Franklin  flurphy  Young  Voters  League, 

iSitaia*/.,  i/K , _ Pot.  84th. _ _ 

-  Mr..  Thomas.  A. __Edi8on^>*^>»  } 

f  i  /  /! 

—  —  -  -  -West.  Or.ange,— N. 


.Dear-  Sir-:.-  ....._  _  * 

| _  *  f 

.Mr..._W.eber,_.._the_.Chalrman_of  _our._Einanoe._Cofflmit.tee,_who-pre.sent8. 

r — . «,._wlll.._explain_in_de.tail..o.UE-.p.lun8..and._inten  lions.. _ 

— . . -We_have- organized- on 

f - indefinitely.,  _but_at_pr.e.8ent._ouE_sole_objeo.t-is_to-fur_th6r_the_eleo.tion _ 

| - -Of_Mr_._Er_anklin_Mur.phy.,_our._S..tandar_d_B.e.ar_er_-in_this._.Canipa.ign. _ iw.e_hay.e_ _ 

I - alr.e.ady__enr.olle.d_.oy.er__600_member.s_and..among_  them  .ar.e.„a_.lar.g,e_numher_of. _ 

\ — — — y-.OUng-Dem.o.orat8_whd„.hay.e_p.l.edge.d-them6e.lY6s...-t,o._v.o.te_for.._the_Rep.ublioan _ 

j - Candidate. - We_.  have  ...organized  -five _ 

■  - he.ad_of_The_Er.anklln.-Uurphy_Y.oung—— and-intend—to-  .s.ti  1 1  fur_T- 

- ther.„inorease_the_number._.of_Clubs - V7e_.have._exhaus.ted_our_funds._and _ 

■  - ther.efor.e_app.eal._to.-y.o.u_f  or_ ..assistance. .in  the  matter  n-f  repl  eni  ng  our. 

- -treasury, - ^ome^of^ycLt^frl^d.s.^lllce  Vioe-Chanoellor  Pitney.  Mr.  Wm.  A 

\ - .Hal.sey, — an.d_shye_ral_oJher_who_I_might_name, _ haye_halp_e_d_us_and_y_o_ur_nam.e _ 

! - has.-been. -Suggested. a  inte.r.e.s.te.d.in_Rei),— 

X_.trust_y.o.u_will_se.e-fi.t_to_r_esp.ond_t.o_our_appeal, _  I 

Che  Rational  Civic  federation 

-^WiBL1i  - ... 
p.  SSftSraod  or  I 


WALTEr'KIerCB  (Former  P._ . 



jAHlIiaSffita-woHrer  UMvem 
FRAmtt,f>NSARGENT1'(ar.nd  Muter  Brotherhood 

281  Fourth  Avenue, 

New  York  City,  j)e c  .12,1901 . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,/! 


Bear  Sir:- 

The  fficlosed  clipping  refers  to  an  im¬ 
portant  Industrial  Meeting  at  the  Board  of  Trade 
Rooms,  Ntf.  203  Broadway,  next  Monday  and  Tuesday, 
the  opening  session  being  at  10:30  A.M.  Monday. 

The  large  employers,  labor  leaders  and 
publics  men  referred  to  in  the  clipping  will  be 
present  and  participate. 

The  general  object  of  this  Department 
ek  methods  for  reducing  to  a  minimun  in¬ 
trial  disturbances  in  this  country. 

This  is  not  a  public  meeting  but  the 
Cojnmittee  on  Program  invites  you  to  be  present. 

Yours  truly, 

Secretary.  I 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Employment  (D-01-10) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  from  or  about  employees  and 
prospective  employees.  Most  of  the  correspondence  relates  to  employment 
requests  for  the  West  Orange  laboratory.  There  are  also  letters  soliciting 
Edison's  opinion  regarding  former  employees  seeking  positions  elsewhere. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
selected  items  all  received  a  significant  response  from  Edison. 

f  >  t  / 

9P  JV  / 

•  Thomas  A.  Edison 

Deoember  7th,  1901, 

We  have  at  our  works  an  expensive  steam  plant 
consisting  of  a  1500  H.  P.  Gross  Compound  condensing  engine, 
two  smaller  engines,  and  quite  a  large  eleotrlo  plant,  oonslst- 
ing  of  Sprague  generators,  and  quite  a  oomplioated  switoh-board, 
this  together  with  tlxe  heating  apparatus,  air  compressors,  pumps,  | 
and  other  maohinaiy ,  make  it  quite  desirable  that  we  have  a  I 

first-class  man  in  charge,  we  understand  that  you  have  some 
knowledge  of  the  oharaoter  and  ability  of  Henry  Finkel.  We 

5‘d  thank  you  1*  you  would  advise  us  as  to  what  you  know  abo^ 
on,4  whether  you  oonslder  him  oapable  of  running  suoh  a 
t.  ' 

We  enclose  you  stamped  envelope,  and  thank  you  in  advance 
any  cou^esies  you  may  show  us  In  the  matter. 

Yours  vary  truly,  j 

chase  Rolling  Hill  company. 


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DENVER,  COLORADO  D'30*  a3rd  •  1901. 

Mt.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 


Orange,  K .  J. 


Dear  Sir:-  Understanding  that  You  are  personally  acnuinted  witih 
Mr.  Thos.  H.  Edwards,  M.  E.  and  Metalurgical  Chemist  of  this  city 
and  also  that  he  has  had  ,off  and  on  ,tha  honor  of  doing  some  work, 
for  You  in  his  profession, I  herewith  take  the  liberty  to  respectfully 
ask  You, if  You  consider  his  assays  reliable?-  I  consider  Mr.  Edwards 
to  be  an  honorable  and  reliable  gentleman,  and  the  information  X  seek 
of  You  is  simply  for  the  protection  of  Mr.  Edwards';  reputation  and  con¬ 
sequently  of  our  own  interests  in  case  of  willful  damaging  rumors  as 
to  his  (Mr.  Edwards' ) ability  and  honesty. 

Thanking  You  in  advance  for  Your  kind  attention  in  this  matter. 

I  beg  to  be, 

1 901 .  Edison,  T.A.  -  Family  (D-01  -1 1 ) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  by  and 
about  Edison's  family.  Included  are  numerous  letters  concerning  the  legal 
and  financial  interests  of  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Jr.,  as  well  as  a  series  of  reports 
from  the  Pinkerton  National  Detective  Agency  pertaining  to  the  investigation 
of  kidnapping  threats  made  against  Edison's  family. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected  except  for  two  Pinkerton  bills 
and  the  Pinkerton  reports,  only  samples  of  which  have  been  selected. 


'v\  e  . 

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\aiAV-cCfilt,  dL^-O  .  ■  . . . .  . 

f  W<->  •  ^, .  ..  <2_<=A_vo  cr-i/CV  .  . . 

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Q^oJuaAX^  CLcfcu|  • 

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......  .  .  r\s^e>-<J^s\ 

Q,  (-‘SKA -<C _ - 

IAjJL^LcX. A-O.  e 


as  A.  Jr.  is  in  a -tight  place  through  a  judgment  obtained  against 
him  and  William  Holzer  by  William  McMahon,  amounting  to  $400,000 
and  $13S .72  costs. 

This  judgment  carries  with  it  imprisonment.  An  order  of 
arrest  has  already  been  obtained  against  your  son  and  Holzer,  and 
wiill  be  executed  on  the  latter  as  Boon  as  found.  It  seems  that 
your  son,  who  is  the  principal  factor,  cannot  be  found,  and  McMahon 
is  advised  by  the  Judge  to  go  be Bore  the  Grand  Jury  and  procure  an 
indictment.  Should  this  be  done,  there  is  no  way  to  prevent  the 
young  man  from  getting  a  long  term  of  imprisonment. 

I  am  in  no  ivay  interested'  in  this.mattelr,  but  I  know  the 
plaintiff  for  many  years,  and  from  a  conversation  that  took  place 
in  my  presence  with  his  attorney,  I  have  no  doubt  that  he  intends 
to  enforce  the  Decree  of  the  Court  at  the  earliest  possible  moment. 

I  do;  fiot  know  your  son,  but  from  what  I  heard  of  the  matter, 

I  suspect  that  he  has  not  had  much  experience  in  corporation  mat¬ 
ters,  and  therefore,  placed  himself  and  company  in  an  unfortunate 
position.  McMahon  is  in  a  desperate  condition  financially,  besides 

he  had  a  part  of  his  house  burned  down  the  other  day,  and  altogether 
makes  him  sore  on  everybody  and  everything.  Under  the  circumstances, 
you  probably  know  as  well  as  I,  that  he  is  a  dangerous  character 
and  thoroughly  unscrupulous  in  isher,  means  used  for  attaining  his 

If  Shis  should  be  a  matter  of  interest  to  you,  please  let  me 
know  and  X  will  get  hold  of  McMahon  and  se  what  he  wants,  and  stop 
further  proceedings.  He  is  under  obligations  to  me  in  many  ways, 
and  whether  drunk  or  sober,  I  have  always  been  able  to  do  with  him 
more  than  any  one  else,  and  if  you  wish  I  will  come  and  see  you  at 
any  time  you  may  name. 

Very  truly  yours 

Fourth  Article  of  the  Judgment  reads:  "That  said  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Jr.  be  committed  by  the  Sheriff  of  the  County  of  Hew  York  to  the 
County  Jail  of  said  County,  to  be  there  detailed  in  close  custody 
until  he  shall  specifically  perform  the  agreement  set  forth  in  said 
judgment,  or  he  be  discharged  according  to  law." 

Iv'.y  dear  iir;- 

The  letter  v/riten  by  J».r.  HickoJ^of  35  Nassau  -at.  to  you 
in  reference  to  a  certain  suit,  brought  by  one,  A'.aqKahon,  against  your 
son,  Thomas  ...  Edison,  Jr.  ,  and  in  turn  sent  by  A;r.  Randolph  to  your 
son,  and  he  in  turn  to  me,  was  received  on  Saturday. 

I  am  largely  interested  in  this  Company  and  have  put  consider¬ 
able  money  in  same.  I  am  secretary  of  the  Company  and  somewhat  fami¬ 
liar  with  this  litigation,  and  beg  leave  to  inform  you  that  Air.  Hiclco:f^'  . 
is  away  off  on  the  state  of  affairs  in  writing  you  in  the  manner  in 
which  he  did.  There  was  a  time  when  Thomas  ...  Edison,  Jr.  was  in  con¬ 
tempt  of  court,  but  such  time  has  passed.  1  have  advanced  money  nec¬ 
essary  to  have  matters  opened  up  and  have  them  tried  on  their  merits, 
which  will  be  some  time  next  month,  so  your  son  is  in  no  danger  of  any 
proceedings  of  any  kind  or  nature  on  this  account  being  brought  against 
him  at  the  present  time.  In  my  opinion  this  Hlck'oiR letter  is  for  the 
purpose  of  having  you  put  up  some  money.  1  wish  to  inform  you  of  the 
truthful  state  of  affairs,  and  state  that  your  son  is  entirely  innocent 
of  any  wrong  doing  in  any  way  whatever . 

The  Brder  of  the  Court  was  obtained  originally  on  a  misrepres¬ 
entation  by  the  plaintiff,  but  mainly  upon  lack  of  due  attention  by 

Company,  hashanded  to  me  a  copy  of  a  letter  written  to  you  by 
Mr.  C.  C.  Hickok  concerningthe  matter  of  contempt  proceedings  which 
were  pending  in  re  McMahon  against  Holzer  and  Edison,  Jr. ,  and  Mr. 
Thompson  requested  that  I  inform  you  of  the  present  status  of  this 
case,  and  also,  that  you  may  see  that  the  case  has  been  properly 
conducted,  I  desire  to  lay  before  you  the  following  information. 

William  McMahon,  the  plaintiff  in  this  action,  claims 
the  right  to  a  large  amount  of  stock  in  the  above  company  in  remu¬ 
neration  for  services  which  he  alleges  to  heave  rendered  the  defend 
ants,  this  we  deny.  <  ^ 

Applicatior^wafs  made  by  said  McMahon  and  upon  presenta¬ 
tion  of  opposing  affidavits  and  argument  in  opposition  by  myself. 
Judge  Books-taver  denied  the  plaintiff's  reqiiest  with  $10.00  costs 
to  defendants..  Answer-  was  then  interposed  and  after  issue  was 
joined,  adelay  of  several  months  ensued  before  McMahon's  attorney 
put  the  case  on  the  calendar  for  trial.  At  the  time  the  case  came 
up  for  trial,  Mr.  Holzer  was  in  Europe  and  I  was  unable  to  proper¬ 
ly  present  the  defense  because  of  his  .absence,  so  I  permitted  the 
case  to  go  by  default,  expecting  to  reopen  the  same  upon  Mr. 

Holzer’ s  return. 

T.  A.  E.  No.  2. 

Mr.  Holzer  returned  to  this  Country  the  latter  part  of 
December,  after  an  absence  abroad  of  about  nine  months,  and  I 
immediately  obtained  an  order  to  show  cause  why  this  judgment 
should  not  be  reopened  and  we  be  permitted  to  come  in  and  defend 
upon  the  merits.  Our  remedy  in  this  order  to  show  cause  was; 
granted  by  Judge  Dugro  andthe  case  is  now  on  ths  calendar  again 
for  trial  within  the  near'  future. 

The  plaintiff  did  obtain  an  order  to  show  cause  why 
defendants  should  not  be  punished  for  contempt  in  not  complying 
with  the  judgnent  rendered  upon  the  inquest  held  by  the  plaintiff 
in  that  defendants  shouldturn  over  to  plaintiff  a  large  amount  of 
their  stock,  which  plaintiff  now  considers  valuable.  However-,  of 
course,  this  contempt  is  now  stayed,  and  we  have  no  doubt  of  our 
ability  to  defeat  the  plaintiff  upon  the  merits. 

Mr.  Hickok  stated  to  me  yesterday  in  my  office,  that  he 
di  d  not  understand  the  case  andhad  written  you  the  letter  in 
question  upon  the  request  of  Mr.  McMahon.  I,  therefore,  suggested 
to  Mr.  Hickok  that  his  action  was  quite  unprofessional,  especially 
as  Mr.  Hickok  is  not  the  attorney  of  record  for  the  plaintiff  and 
knew  nothing  about  the  present  status  of  the  case. 

Trusting  that  I  have  made  the  matter  clear  and  that  I 

have  not, trespassed  unnecessarily  upon  your  time,  I  remain, 
Vours>,very  sincerely 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Llewelyn  Park, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Asst.  Supt.  Geo.  S. Dougherty  reports :- 

Wednesday,  Hay  15th, 1901. 

Oh  Wednesday,  May  15th  Hr.  ,H.  E.  Diok  in  Hr.  Thos.  A. Edison's 
employ,  called  at  the  Agency,  end  requested  that  a  representative  "be 
detailed  to  visit  Hr,  Edison's  labratory  at  Llewelyn  Park,  Orange, N.J, 
for  the  purpose  of  inquiring  into  anonymous  letters  received  hy  Mr, 

Edison  At  Boon  to-day  I  proceeded  to  Llewelyn  Park  where  I  had  a 
conference  with  Hr.  Edison  and  Hr.  Diok,  and  they  exhibited  to  me  an 
envelope  and  letter,  the  envelope  ea  which  was  a  United  States  two 
eent  stamped  one  showed  the  following  mailing  stamps :~ 

Front  of  envelope:  Orange,  N.  J. 

May  14,  6:30  a.m. 

19  0  1 

Back  of  envelope  West  Orange,  IT.  J. 

May  14,  10  a.  m. 

1901  Reoeived 

The  address  on  theenvelope  was  as  follows: 

"Mr,  Thos.  Edison, 

LLEWELYN  PARK,  West  Orange, 'XT.  J. 
and  in  the  lower  left  hand  corner  the  word  "PERSONAL" 

The  address  on  the  envelope  appears  to  have  been  out  from  some 
newspaper,  about  minion  or  brevier  size  and  is  in  capitals  or  lower 
case.  The  word  "Personal"  also  appears  to  have  been  cut  from  a 

newspaper,  from  the  advertising  headline  and  is  in  black  letter  caps, 

with  a  rule  over  the  top.  The  address  cut  from  the  newspaper 
appears  to  have  been  pasted  over  an  address  which  had  beenwritten  on 
'this  envelope  with  a  typewriter  or  made  with  a  rubber  stamp.  On 
removing  the  printed  address  of  Mr.  Edison  I  found  that  it  was  in  all 
probability  cut  from  some  newspaper,  as  X  observed  parts  of  a  large 
advert isiig  type  and  part  of  a  cut  and  on  the  back  of  the  word  "Personal 
appears  the  following: 

"12  room  residence 

part  of  Oranges"  _ Park" 

This  is  probably  an  advertisement  that  had  appeared  in  a  Newark  or 
Orange  newspaper  offering  real  estate  for  sale  in  Llewelyn  Park. 
Underneath  Mr.  Edison's  address  on  this  envelope  appears  the  address 
of  Hon  Judge  Kreugor, 

Newark,  N.  J. 

This  address  appears  to  have  been  printed  on  with  rubber  type  of  some 
kind,  written  with  a  very  poor  typewriter,  or  with  a  rubber  stamp  in 
which  names  and  address  can  be  set  up  from  individual  rubber  type. 



This  envelope  contained,  a  letter  reading,  as  follows: 


If  you  dont  put  §  25,  000  gold 
for  next  Thur  night  at  12,30 
at  foot  of  sign  Hahns  h  00  in 
Central  &  Essez  Aves  Orange  N  J 
We  will  kidnap  your  child  If  you 
notify  the  Polios  We  shall  do  you 
same  We  are  doing  to  Hr.  Bianohi 
hut  you  may  he  worse  Yet. 

Remember" " . 

This  letter  is  evidently  printed  with  a  ruhher  stamp  in  which 
single  ruoher  types  can  he  set  up,  and  is  very  poorly  executed,  and 
would  appear  to  he  printed  on  common  hag  orwrapplng  paper.  The 
paper  is  about  4-fr  inches  long  h.v  4if  inches  wide. 

I  was  informed  hy  Hr.  Edison  and  Hr.  Dick  that  Bianohi  referred 
to  in  this  letter  was  the  proprietor  of  a  wine  and  liquo*  store 
in  Orange;  that  he  is  an  Italian  and  very  little  is  known  concerning 
him.  I  therefore,  requested  that  Bianohi  he  immediately  sent  for 
I  had  a  very  interesting  interview  with  him  and  obtained  from  him 
the  following  inf ormation:- 

Vittoria  Bianohi,  aged  43  years,  horn  in  Milan,  Italy.  At 
present  proprietor  of  the  Bianohi  Wine  and  Liquor  Co.,  261  Main  St., 
Orange,  N.  J,  About  18  years  ago  he  married  Gina  Vigano,  also  of 
Milan,  Theyhave  the  following  children: 

Dina  age  18  years 
Ovidio  age  15  years 
I tala  between  5  and  6  years. 

About  1884  Bianohi,  his  wife  aid  one  child  arrived  in  the  United 
States.  Bianohi  is  a  hatter  by  trade  and  he  obtained  employment  with 
Meyer  SJ.Iarcey,  Scott  Street,  Newark,  II.  J.  and  subsequently  worked 
for  a  time  at  his  trade  with  Cummings  &  Matthews  in  Orange*  Valley 

In  1889  he  engaged  in  the  liquor  business,  wholesale  and 
retail  at  .27  Market  St.,  Newark,  N.  J.  Here  he  was  fairly  prosperous 
and  eventually  purchased  some  property  in  Pierson's  Alley.  About  1894 
or  1895  his  cousin  Achilla  Pirola  of  319  Market  St.,  Newark,  N.J. 
who  was  also  in  the  wholesale  and  retail  liquor  business  borrowed  from 
Bianohi  §5000,  in  addition  to  which  he  borrowed,  on  Bianchi’s 
recommendation  §3000  from  Joe  Dughi,  a  wholesale  fruit  dealer,  now 
deceased,  and  §2000  from  Peter  Zazzali,  a  retail  fruit  dealer,Market 
and  Broad  St.  After  obtaining  this  money  Pirola  fled  from  the 
United  States  to  Europe,  Bianohi  at  this  time  was  also  engaged  in  the 
banking  business,  and  the  Italians  who  had  deposited  with  Bianohi 
their  savings,  on  hearing  that  Pirola  had  fled,  demanded  their  money 
from  Banchi,  which  he  promptly  paid,  informing  me  that  he  had  mortgaged 
his  property  in  Pierson's  Alley,  which  property  has  since  been  sold 
for  the  mortgage  .  (§4500)  which  was  held  by  the  German  Nat'l  Bank  of 
Newark,  N.  J, 

Dughi  and  Zazzali  pressed  Bianohi  very  closely  for  their  money 
which  they  had  loaned  to  Pirola.  This  was  finally  arranged  by  Bianohi 
paying  to  the  German  National  Bank  the  accrued  interest  on  the  §2000 
and  §3000  notes.  _  _ _ _ _ _  • 


About  1895  both  of  these  creditors  were  oalled  upon  by  the 
German  National  Bank  to  pay  the  amounts  of  these  notes,  which  they  did 
and  immediately  proceeded  against  Bianohi  and  obtained  a  judgment, but 
Bianchi  did  not'  have  anything  with  which  to  satisfy  this  judgment, 
Bianchi  told  me  that  at  this  time  he  did  not  have  any  money  at  all; 

that  he  was  greatly  in  debt,  and  that  he  borrowed  $10  with  which  t  o  go 

to  Ohange,  N.  j. 

Arriving  in  Orange  in  1896  or  1897  Bianchi  stopped  for  a  time 
with  a  friend,  and  finally  saw  an  opportunity  to  get  the  wholesale  and 
retail  wine  store  at  261  Main  St..,  the  license  of  which  was  controlled 

by  Gastro  Alexander,  a  Hebrew*,  who  is  a  wholesale  dealer  in  liquors 

with  an  office  at  99  Water  St. New  York  City.  Bianohi  then  rented 
the  store,  261  Main  St.,  agreeing  to  pay  for  it  on  the  installment  plan 
Business  was  conducted  under  the  name  of  the  "Bianohi  Wine  &  Liquor  Co." 
but  actually  in  the  name  of  Biaa  Bianchi,  who  gave  Vittoria  Bianchi,  the 
power  of  attorney.  At  the  present  time  Bianchi  owes  the  followings 
To  heirs  of  Joseph  Dughi  $3000 

To  Peter  Zazzali  $2000 

To  Gestro  Alexnader  $5000  or  $6000 

To  A.  Marshall  &  Co.,  New  York  Oity  $1600 

In  addition  to  the  above  he  also  owes  a  number  of  small  bills.  He  pays 
$55  par  month  for  the  rental  of  the  store.  He  has  a  .horse  and  wagon 
and  hires  a  Bohemian  to  deliver  sales.  He  also  rents  a  house  in  whioh 
he  and  his  family  reside  at  134  Day  St. 

Bianohi  states  that  during  the  first  week  in  April,  1900  he 
received  a  letter  from  kidnappers  in  which  they  requested  him  to 
place  $600  in  a  grave  marked  "LB  COMPTE"  in  the  St.  Marks  Oemetry, 

Orange  on  the  first  Saturday  night  in  April  at  12:30  o'clock  midnight 
If  he  did  not  do  this  the  kidnappers  threatened  that  his  child  would 
be  stolen  and  held  until  the  money  was  paid,  and  that  his  wife  would 
be  foully  dealt  with.  Mr.  Bianohi  cannot  describe  very  minutely  this 
letter;  say  that  it  terrorized  him  so  much  that  he  has  a  very  poor 
recollection  of  what  it  looked  like;  that  upon  the  receipt  of  this 
letter  he  did  /not  consult  anyone  about  it;  that  he  usually  consults 
his  wife  in  all  business  transactions,  but  he  said  nothing  to  her 
about  this  matter,  as  he  claims  he  did  not  want  to  worry  her.  He  did 
not  show  the  letter  to  anyone.  He  subsequently  destroyed  this  letter 
but  he  cannot  advise  me  where  he  destroyed  it.  He  says  he  did  not  take 
any  action  to  have  the  kidnappers  apprehended,  at  this  time,  as  he  was 
afraid  it  would  cost  him  more  than  twice  the  $600.  On  the  first 
Saturday  night  in  April,  1900  at' 12:30  Midnight,  as  requested,  he  went 
to  St.  Marks  Cemetry  with  $600  in  denominations  of  50' s,  20 's,  10 's  5's 
and  l's.  He  wrapped  this  money  up  in  a  newspaper,  then  wrapped 
ordinary  wrapping  paper  around  it,  and  placed  it  in  a  paper  bag 
The  kidnappers  had  described  to  him  about  where  he  could  find  the 
grave,  which  they  stated  was  one  third  way  from  Main  Street,  about 
the  middle  of  the  cemetry.  Bianohi  says  that  he  hunted  around  for 
sometime,  finally  found  the  grave  with  the  name  of  "LB  COMPTE  "  on  it 
which,  he  describes  as  a  very  old  grave  with  a  box  shaped  stone  vault, 
which  through  age  has  sunken  considerable.  He  found  the  hole  as 
described  by  the  kidnappers  and  placed  the  money  in  it. 


Bianchi  states  that  ho  was  a. little  suspicious  about  this  matter 
at  the  time  on  account  of  the  paper  the  letter  was  written  on, it 
oeinp;  the  kind  used  by  policy  writers.  He  connects  this  paper  with  a 
negro  named  Thos.  Lewis,  who  was  at  one  time  in  Bianchi's  employ,  and 
who  was  at  the  time  this  letter  was  sent  him,  in  the  business  of 
writing  polioy,  Lewis  lived  until  the  house  was  burned  down  at  159 
Essex  Avenue  ,  and  can  be  easily  looated  around  the  Oranges. 

The  letter  referred  to  above  was  received  by  Bianchi  at  his 
store,  361 Main  St.  and  had  been  sent  him  by  mail,  and  bore  an  Orange, 

>*•  J.  piaat&ark.  ’  .  ’ 

lo^0th^>,  ^rther  occured  between  April,  1900  and  T.bnday, March 
4tii, ,1901,  on  which  day  Bianchi  had  made  arrangements  to  meet  his  wife 
.at  their  home,  134  Day  St.  at  3  p.  m..  She  object  of  their  meeting 
being  that  Bianchi  and  his  wife  intended  looking  for  a  new  house  in 
whion  to  move.  Bianchi  told  me  that  3  p.  n.  was  about  the  time 
the  letter  carrier  called  at  134  Bay  St.;  that  when  he  approached  the 
house  on  that  day  his  wife  came  running  toward  him  with  a  letter  which 
was  addressed  to  him,  but  which  had  been  opened  by  her.  She  was  in  a 
state  of  nervous  excitement  and  she  handed  him  a  letter  which  read,  as 
follows:-  ’ 

"For  next  Saturday  night  at  13:30, if  you  have  not 
!'3000  in  sold  at  the  sanie  sPot  in  th0  tom**  where  you  left 
the  ,j600  last  year,  we  will  kidnap  your  child  Italy  (moaning 
I  tala.) .  lake  notice  if  you  fail  to  bring  the  money  as 
directed  you  have  to  pay  twice  much  for  the  return  of  little 

b!  Say  R  WOrd  t0  the  polioe  or  Sflueal  we  will 

bl^lnd  little  Italy. If  we  get  chance  we  will  kill  your  wife  and 
chi  dren.  We  see  no  profit  for  killing  of  you  at  present. 

(signed)  The  Inexorables" . 

.  .  AS  ®oon,  as  bianchi's  wife  read  thks  letter  she  became  very  angry 
w-th  him,  and  asked  why  he  had  put  the  $600  in  the  grave  without  tolliL 

that&h°Uhad  don?6  lwy,1161’  h9  did  14  t0  savo  her  from  worriment,and 
J  „ d0neva11  the  worrying  about  the  money  ever  since  it  was  put 
w1  *  by  dlm’  ^  now  that  th"  stor-v  had  oome  out  he  would  tell  her 

th  m  he  dldn  as  related  a°ovs-  The  girl  I  tala  was  at  the 
'  at  the  *lrae  thls  l0ttflr  was  received,  and  Bianchi  suggested 

h°r?  Ihi°h  510  rtid‘  Aft0r  talking  the  matter  over 
wife  Bianchi  decided  to  consult  with  his  landlord,  Mr. Kunz, 
who  lives  upstairs  over  Bianchi's  wine  store.  This  he  did,  as 
Bianchi  explains  it,  that  he  thought  Kunz  would  be  the  proper  man  to 
get  him  police  protection. 

•  t,hS  nieht  °f  Maroh  4tk  or  5th  arrangements  were  made  to  meet 

0Xn  th?  in, house  between  8  and  9  o'clock, 

on  th„  night  of  March  fit  the  following  parties  had  a  conference  in 
Kunz  s  house:  Bianchi,  Kunz,  Chief  of  Police  of  Orange  and  one  of 
his  detectives  named  Parker.  In  order  that  the  Chief  of  Police  and 
the  detective  could  read  the  letters  several  matches  were  struck 
but  no  light  was  lit.  Bianchi  says  that  these  matches  were  struck  at 
the  suggestion  of  the  Chief  of  Police.  Plans  were  partially  adopted 
that  night  to  apprehend  the  kidnappers,  and  a  seoond  meeting  was 
agreed  upon. 

On  the  morning  of  Maroh  8th  Bianchi  received  a  second  letter 


which  is  now  in  the  hands  of  tho  Orange  police,  and. which  read 
"Now  about  your  police  protection" 

Bianohi  did  not  explain  to  me  how  this  letter  was  addressed,  hut  it 
was  sent  to  his  store  (I  subsequently  learned  from B ianohi 's  son  on 
May  16th  that  the  address  on  this  letter  was  one  of  the  labels  of  the 
Bianohi  Wine  ft  liquor  Co.,  suoh  as  are  pasted  on  wine  bottles  and 

"From  Bianohi  Wine  Co.  261  Main  St.,  Orange.  N.  J.  opposite 
the  Orange  National  Bank". 

The  word  "from"  '.rascut  from  this  label. 

Kunz  told  Bianohi  that  he  received  a  letter  but  did  not  show  it 
to  him,  which  letter  read  something  likt  eh  following: 

"Mr.  Kuna j  Tell  your  friend,  the  Chief  of  Pelioe,  Mr. 

Bianohi  and  ithe  detective  to  be  more  careful  when  they  are 
up  in  your  house  having  a  conference.  They  should  not 
.  strike  matches  a3  they  did". 

_  **  Bi&2iohi  says  that  this  letter  very  much  upset  Mr.  Kunz, as  the 
latter  could  not  understand  how  anyone  oould  see  them.  Bianohi  ' 
explained  this  away  by  telling  him  that  the  Kidnappers  could  have 
oeen  in  the  back  yard,  and  looked  up  and  the  windows  while  they  were 
talking,  and  they  oould  easily  have  seen  the  Chief  when  he  struck  the 
mat ones.  .  % 

Arrangements  were  accordingly  made  whereby  Bianohi  was  to  go 
to  St.  Marks  Cemetry  with  a  package  containing  charooal.  He  also  bought 
a  revolver  to  use  on  the  expedition*  The  Chief  of  Police,  according 
to  Bianohi  s  statement  had  15  or  20  policemen  detailed  around 
the  cemetry,  and  the  Chief  with  some  of  his  detectives  were  close  to 
the  grave.  Bianohi  went  to  the  grave,  deposited  the  package  in 
tne  same  place  where  he  alleges  he  put  the  $600.  He  did  not  observe  any¬ 
one  near  ’.then  he  plaoed  the  package  in  the  grave.  Nothing  oooured 
during  the  night,  according  to  the  police  reports.  The  oharooal  was 
found  m  the  grave  the  following  morning;  no  one  had  appeared  to 
take  it  away.  Bianohi  was  still  strong  in  his  opinion  that  the  kidnappera 
were  right  around  Orange. 

On  the  following  night,  after  the  trip  to  the  cemetry  ho  and 
his  family,  were  all  in  the  dining  room  when  the  door  bell  rang.  Bianohi 
went  to  the  door,  opened  it  as  far  as  the  chain  on  the  insude  would 
allow,  and  he  gave  the  old  beggar  who  was  at  the  door  a  five  cent 
piece  and  told  him  to.  go  away.  Mrs.  Bianohi  thought  this  was  one 
of  the  kidnappers,  and  Bianohi  started  to  follow  the  old  man  away 
and  his  wife  looked  out  of  thw  window  saw  t  he  man  going  along  Bav 
Street.  Bianohi  remained  . in  the  shady  side  of  the  street  and  he"  ; 

states  that  he  saw  the  old  man  meet  a  well  dressed  man  about  a  bio  ok 
and  a  half  from  the  house  and  talk  with  him;  that  the  well  dressed 
man  passed  in  the  opposite  direction  quiokly,  and  waved  his  pooket 
handerohief,  but  this  statement  of  Bianohi *s  is  not  corroborated 
but  the  fact  that  a  beggar  called  at  the  house  on  Sunday  night  is 
oorrobo»Eted.  My  theory  is  that  the  old  man  after  obtaining  the  5/ 
met  the  well  dressed  man  and  asked  him  for  something,  wa£  not  given 
anything  and  that  the  well  drjssed  man  after  refusing  to  give  alms  went 
in  an  opposite  direction  hurriedly. 

Bianohi  reported,  this  incident  to  the  police  and  his  family.  On  one 
occasion  Bianohi  sent  a  messenger  hoy  to  his  house.  The  signal 
agreed  upon  being  that  ifBianchi  or  anyone  he  sent  should  call  at  the 
at  night  the  hell  was  to  he  rung  three  times.  The  messenger  ho?/  rang 
the  door  hell  three  times,  and  them  started  in  to  whistle  a  tune 
while  on  the  front  porch.  This  whistling  alarmed  the  inmates  of  the 
house,  and  they  ran  up  stairs,  opened  the  windows  and  cried  out  for  help 
A  policeman  responded  to  their  call.  The  messenger  hoy,  according 
to  Bianohi,  did  not  know  what  it  all  meant,  and  thought  the  people 
had  all  gone  crazy. 

Bianohi  suggested  that  his  wife  and  two  daughters  go  away.  At 
first  he  suggested  that  they  go  to  Italy,  hut  to  this  his  wife 
objected  on  account  of  the  expense.  Then  Bianohi  thought  of  a  friend 
of  his  named  Stefani  in  Philadelphia,  and  he  had  Stefani  come  to 
Orange  and  then  sent  his  wife  and  two  daughters,  Dina  and  Itala  to 
Philadelphia.,  They  left  about  4p.  m.  without  any  concealment.  They 
were  taken  to  Philadelphia  to  hoard  in  the  private  hoarding  house  of  a 
Mrs.  Basso,  235  South  6th  St.  that  city.  A  rumor  was  oiroulated  that 
Mrs.  Bianohi  and  her  two  daughters  had  gone  to  Italy,  which  was 
generally  believed  to  he  the  truth. 

During  the  absenoe  of  Mrs.  Bianohi  at  Philadelphia  her  husband 
visited  her  on  a  Sunday  and  her  son  visited  her  on  a  Saturday,  taking 
up  just  one  day,  returning  to  Orange  at  the  end  of  the  day. 

sometime  prior  to  Hay  14th,  1901  arrangements  had  been  made  by 
correspondence  between  Bianohi  and  his  wife  that  Mrs.  Bianohi 
and  her  two  daughters  should  return  from  Philadelphia,  to  leave 
there  on  the  5:50  p.  m.  train.  This  fa ’t,  according  to  Bianohi,  was 
well  known  to  the  people  who  fre  quented  his  plaoo  of  business, 
including  his  landlord  and  a  few  others.  On  May  14th  at  7:;15  a.m. 
Bianohi  received  at  his  store  in  Orange  the  following  letter  from 
the  kidnappers :- 

"V/hat  is  being  done  now  is  onl?/  a  sample  of  what  we  have 
in  stock  for  you.  The  fun  will  be  when  your  famil?/ 
are  back  home  again.  V/e  use  you  to  show  others  that  we 
mean  business.  If  we  make  you  the  scape  goat  you  shall 
thank  your  police  protection.  signed  “Remember". 

This  letter,  Bianohi  says,  was  received  at  his  store  at 
7:15  a.  m.  on  the  morning  of  May  14th, 1901  .  A  short  time  after  he 
read  it  he  saw  the  Chief  .of  Police  of  Orange,  showed  this  letter  to  Mm 
and  asked  the  Chief  of  Police  if  anyone  else  in  town  had  received  a 
similar  letter  .  A:; 

NOTE:  Mr.  Edison's  letter  was  not  received  until  10:30  a.  m.  May 

14th,  but  bore  the  post  office  stamp  "6:30  a.  m.  May  14th". 

On  receipt  of  this  letter  Bianohi  telegraphed  to  his 
wife, requested  her  to  defer  her  journey  until  she  had  received  a 
special  deliver?/  letter  written  by  him  and  mailed  by  him  at  10:30a.m. 
informing  her  of  the  letter  received  by  him.  . 

During  the  course  of  my  interview  with  Bianohi  I  was  not 
favorably  impressed  with  him.  The  great  excitement  displayed  by  him. 
appeared  to  be  pretended.  He  offers  no  theory  in  this  matter, excepting 
what  he  states  concerning  the  colored  man  T'hos.  Lewis  about  the  April, 
1900  letter, _ . 

Bianahi  informed  me  that  he  has  received  many  anonymous 
letters  from  He’ '/ark  parties,  calling  him  "burglar "  and  such  like 
names,  the  parties  implying  in  their  letters  that  his  cousin  did  not 
run  away  with  the  $10,000,  "rut  that  he  got  it  by  trick  and  device 
and  that  he  (Bianohi)  has  kept  it  all  and  .is  now  living  off  it,  which 
Bianchi  declared  is  an  untruth. 

On  the  envelope  to  Mr,  Edison  there  is  one  quite  strange  thing 
that  is  the  name  and  address  of  Hon.  Judge  Kreuger,  This  is  the  name 
of  the  Newark  brewer  from  whom  3ianehi  buys  his  beer.  Whoever 
prepared  the  envelope  and  letter  to  Mr.  Edison  could  easily  have  used 
fen  envelope  without  this  name  typewritten  ard  partially  erased  upon 
it,  but  it  is  evident  that  the  intention  of  the  writer  was  that  when 
this  matter  was  investigated  it  would  be  discovered  that  the  envelope 
was  addressed  to  Hon,  Judge  Kreuger,  indicating  to  the  one  investigating 
the  matter  that  Mr.  Edison  and  Mr.  Banchiwere  not  the  only  ones 
who  received  threatening  letters  from  the  kidnappers. 

Prom  my  investigation  of  this  matter  thus  far  I  am  strongly 
inclined  to  the  belief  that  Bianchi  has  expended  the  $600  which  he 
alleged  was  placed  in  the  grave  in  the  St.  Marks  Oemotry,'  but  that 
he  does  not  wish  his  wife  to  know  it,  and  that  he  arranged  to  have  her 
learn  about  how  the  $600  was  disposed  of  through  her  receiving  the 
letter  from  the  kidnappers  on  March  4th,  and  that  she  has  been  some 
doubtful  herself  about  the  disposition  of  the  $600,  and  that  he  is  now 
cauding  these  anonymous  letters  to  be  sent  to  create  the  impression  in 
his  wife's  mind  that  there  are  kidnappers  around  Orange,  H.  J. 
and  that  he  is  not  the  only  one  who  is  being  annoyed  by  them. It  is 
probable  that  a  threatening  letter  will  be  sent  to  Judge  Kreuger  or 
some  other  prominent  cvb&usXr--.,  so  as  to  create  excitement,  and  more 
strongly  impress  upon  his  own  wife's  mind  the  truth  of  Bianohi 's  story. 

I  pretended  to  Bianchi  that  some  woman  with  whom  he  was 
associated  but  about  v'hom  he  had  not  told  me  ,  might  have  sent  these 
letters  or  might  be  at  the  bottom  of  these  kidnapping  letter.  This  I 
did  in  order  to  see  whether  or  not  he  was  associating  with  any 
woman,  other  than  his  wife,  Bianchi  beoarae  very  much  interested 
over  my  inquiry  in  this  direction,  and  told  me  that  he  had  never  had  any 
association  with  any  woman  outside  of  his  wife.  This  statement  was 
made  to  me  insuch  a  way  that  it  did  not  strongly  impress  me  as  being 

Bianohi  wrote  out  this  evening  a  letter  of  introduction  for  me 
to  his  wife,  as  I  had  expressed  a  desire  to  interview  her  about  this 
matter.  The  above  information  was  communicated  verbally  to 

Mr.  Edison  before  my  departure  from  Orange  for  New  York  in  the  company 
of  Mr.  Dick.  I  arrived  at  my  home  at  9jl5  p.  m.  and  discontinued", 
Thursday,  May '16th,  1901 

"Through  an  informant  to-day  in  Hew  York  I  learned  that  on  May 
14th, 1901  at  8:35-  a.  m.  the  following  telegram  was  received  at  East 
Orange,  N.  J,.  addressed  to  Mrs.  A.  Steffani,  235  South  6th  St., 
Philadelphia,  Pa. : 

“Sospenete  temperariamade  partinza  susiohe  recevele  mia 
special  delivery". 

This  is  evidently  Bianohi 's  telegram  to  his  wife  regarding  his  special 
delivery  letter. 


At  11:10  a.  m.  to-day  I  left  Hoboken  in  company  of  Operatives 
J.  T.  C.,  A.  K,  H.  and  W.  S,  0.  for  Orange,  II.  J,  I  instructed  W.F.C. 
and  A.  F*  H.  to  locate  in  the  vicinity  of  Bianchi's  place  of 
business  for ’the  purpose  of  watching h  is  movements,  and  to  determine 
with  whom  he  associates  and  what  he  is  doing,  I  instructed  the 
operatives  to  carefully  note  any  letters  mailed  by  him  or  handed  by 
him  to  anyone  else  to  mail  at  any  hour  of  the  day  and  night;  that  when 
such  letter  was  mailed  to  remain  where  it  was  mailed  until  it  was 
collected,  so  that  we  could  determine,  through  informants  the 
character  of  the  letter  mailed  by  Bianohi,  or  through  anyone  to  whom 
he  handed  the  letter.  These  two  menw  ere  also  instructed  to  gather 
such  information  as  they  could  from  observing  Bianohi  or  anyone 
connected  with  him;  that  if  they  saw  anyone  who  would  justify  Bianchi's 
statement  that  kidnappers  were  watching  his  movements  to  note  their 
actions  also.  Upon  arrival  at  Orange  these  two  men  located  in  the 
Central  Hotel,  which,  is  opposite. Bianohi *s  plaoe  of  business  and  from 
which  they  could  very  nicely  observe  anyone  around  Bianohi '3  plaoe. 

The  men  secured  a  room  in  the  fron  part  of  the  hotel  upstairs. 

Operative  J.  T,  C.  and  I  then  proceeded  to  J.Ir.Edison's  plaoe 
and  shortly  after  1  p,  m.  saw  Mr, Edison  and  Mr,  Dick,  from  v/hom  we 
learned  that  J.  Warren  Smith,  Cashier  of  the  Orange  National  Bank, 
had  also  received  a  letter  alleged  to  be  by  the  kidnappers, threatening 
to  kidnap  his  son,  who  is  a  big  athletic  fellow,  18  years  of  age 
and  wall  able  to  take  care  of  himself  in  the  hands  of  any  kidnappers 
This  part  of  the  story  is  looked  upon  as  being  rather  ludicrous. 

It  is  probable  that  this  is  the  letter  which  Bianohi  spoke  to  the 
Chief  of  Police  about  early  in  the  morning  of  May  14th,  as  the  bank 
is  right  opposite  Bianchi's  plaoe  of  business  and  letters  for  there 
should  be  delivered  about  the  same  time  as  at  Bianchi's  store,  I 
instructed  J,  T.  C,  what  work  I  desired  him  to  take  up  in  the  way  of 
invest igating. 

I  then  called  at Bianchi's  store  and  told  him  that  I  was  well 
convinced  that  the  kidnappers  were  right  around  his  premises,  and 
that  I  wanted  to  examine  anything  he  had  in  the  way  u  of  rubber  stamps, 
papers,  etc.  He  showed  me  that  rubber  stamps  he  uses  also  the  paper 
he  uses,  and  the  labels  that  he  pastes  on  the  wine  bottles,  but  I  did 
not  find  anything  that  was  like  the  type  used  on  the  anonymous  letter 
to  Mr,  Edison,  although  Bianchi  is  quite  a  user  of  rubber  stamps, of 
which  I  observed  the  following  spread  about  his  desk}- 

“Vittoria  Bianchi,  Notary  Public, 

C.  0.  D. 

A  dating  stamp, 

Bianchi  Wine  Co.,  261  Main  St,,  opposite  Orange  Bank  Bldg", 

The  inkirg:  pad  used  by  him  I  noticed  contained  red  ink 
while  the  kidnappers'  letter  was  in  dulllor  poorly  made  black  ink  or 
faded  blue  ink. 

Bianchi  told  me  that  he  was  suffering  with  a  severe  headache 
and  at  my  request  ho  sent  his  son  to  the  house,  154  Day  St,  so  that 
I  could  have  a  private  talk  with  the  boy,  I  found  the  oarpets  are  all 
up  in  the  house.  It  appears  that  prior  to  the  time  Mrs.  Bianohi  went 
away  arrangements  had  been  made  to  move.  In  fact  this  is  what  the 

■boy  told.  me.  Every  door  and  window  in  the  house  is  protected  with 
deviaes  of  some  kind  or  other,  arranged  by  Mr.  Bianohi,  as  for 
instance  w  hera  a  wi'nddw  blind  is  pulled  down,  a  couple  of  empty  wine 
bottles  are  placed  on  the  foot  of  the  blind,  dishes  and  tin  pan's  are 
piled  up  against  the  doors  so  that  they  will  make  a  noise  when  they 
are  opened.  Bianohi  and  the  young  man  sleep  in  the  same  room 
and  his  father  has  arranged  a  kind  of  trap  consisting  of  a  chair  with 
a  block  of  wood  under  the  back  . of  it.  This  state  of  affairs  is  in 
evidence  in  every  room  in  the  house.  The  boy  appears  to  be  thoroughly 
frightened,  and  talks  a  great  deal  about  kidnappers,  relating  to  me 
in  substance  the  same  information  I  obtained  from  his  father. 

The  father  had  not  told  me  about  the  letter  of  May  8th  which  was 
addressed  with  a  sticker  f  rom  a  wine  bottle.  The  son  told  me  this 
while  I  was  with  him  to-day.  I  learned  from  the  boy  to-day  that  he 
and  his  ffather  are  constantly  in  one  another's  company;  that  about 
every  other  night  since  his  mother  has  been  away  the  young  man  goes  to 
see  some  play  in  a  Newark  theatre,  and  that  his  father  comes  to 
Newark  to  meet  him  very  night.  Last  night  he  was  down  to  the  New 
Century  Theatre,  and  w as  met  there  by  his  father  when  the  show  was 
oyer.  If  Bianohi,  Sr.  has  any  female  connections  at  Newark  this 
might  be  an  opportunity  for  him'to  visit  between  the  time  he  arrives 
there  and  the  time  the  show  is  out.  I  am  somewhat  doubtful  about  this 
as  he  does  not  close  his  store  until  about  9  p.  m.  and  he  could  not 
arrive  in  Newark  before  9:30  p.  in.  and  most  of  the  shows  are  out  at 
10:30  or  11  p.  m.  The  bpy  is  quite  nice  looking,  and  attends  the 
public  school,  and  is  fairly aintelligent.  He  told  me  that  his  father 
had  been  to  Philadelphia  to  visit  his  mother  while  she  had'been  away 
and  that  he  had  been  over  one  Saturday.  After  examining  the  house, 
and  talking  with  the  son,  I  went  to  Bianohi' s  store  and  while  I  was 
there  his  driver  came  in.  He  is  a  good  sized  Bohemian, and  speaks 
German,  Italian  and  English.  He  resides  in  Newark.  He  told  me  what  his 
name  was  but  I  have  forgotten  it,  and  did  not  want  to  make  a  note  of  it 
in  order  to  avoid  suspicion.  I  have  instructed  the  operatives  to 
locate  where  this  man  resides  so  that  in  case  I  wish  to  interview  him 
I  can  do  so. 

I  then  proceeded  too  the  post  office  where  I  met  an  informant  and 
explained  to  him  the  object  of  my  visit,  telling  him  that  I  had  arranged 
to  have  some  parties  at  Orange  watched,  and  I  wanted  to  find  out  the 
addresses  on  letters  mailed  by  them,  I  explained  to  this  informant 
how  our  men  would  identify  themselves  to  him.  He  agreed  to  render  me 
every  assistance  in  his  power.  I  referred  him  to  a  New  York  informant 
through  whom  I  had  made  arrangements  to  be  introduced.  This  part 
of  the  work  will,  if  it  can  be  properly  carried  out,  probably 
result  in  our  getting  very  close  information  on  the  subject.* 

At  4  p.  m.  I  proceeded  to  Newark,  fronnwhere  I  telephoned  to  She 
Agency  that  I  was  going  t®  Philadelphia  to  interview  Mrs.  Bianohi,  also  - 
telegraphed  to  my  residence  that  I  would  be  absent  to-night. 

I  arrived  in  Philadelphia  at  7:15  p.  m.,  had  my  dinner  en  route 
and  immediately  on  arriving  there  proceeded  to  235  South  6th  St. 
where  I  observed  Itala  Bianohi  and  her  sister  Dina  sitting  at  a  window 
Both  of  them  resemble  very  nuoh  their  photographs  which  I  saw  in  their 
father's  place  of  business, 

Thos.  A?  Edison,  Esq., 
Llewelyn  Park, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Asst.  Supt,  0.  3,  Dougherty  reports: 

Sunday,  June  2nd,  1901 

"My  theory  of  the  letters  alleged  to  he  by  the  kidnappers 
has  all  along  been  that  Vittoria  Bianohi  instead  of  placing  the  $600 
in  the  grave  in  the  St.  Marks  Oemetr.v,  Orange,  H,  j.,  expended  this 
money  for  some  other  purpose,  whioh  he  desired  to  keep  his  wife 
ignorant  of,  a  nd  that  ’when  it  hooame  neoessary  to  explain  to  her 
what  disposition  was  made  of  the  money  whioh  he  was  short  of  the  amount 
reoeived  from  the  insurance  company,  i.  e:  $1100.00  that  he  concocted 
the  plan  of  having  his  wife  receive  the  lette’r  asking  for  the  $3000 
to  he  placed  where  he  had  put  the  other  $600. 

Our  investigation  shows  that  Bianohi 's  house  at  Orange, N. J. 
was  burned  on  December  18,  1899*  that  Mrs.  Bianohi  was  out  of  the 
house  at  the  time,  and  that  Altonlina  and  Bianohi  were  in  the  house  when 
the  fire  oourred,  and  that  Bianohi  collected  from  the  Caledonia  Fire 
Insurance  Company  $1110.00.  We  show  by  investigation  that  Altolina 
who  heretofore  had  been  in  poor  oiroumstanoes  paid  $100  (a  one  hundred 
dollar  bill)  for  the  ratal  of  115  Montgomery  Street, Trenton  at  the 
rate  of  $45  per  month,  two  months  in  advance;  that  he  paid  $112.50 
to  get  his  license.  Altolina  acknowledges  that  he  got  between  four  and 
five  hundred  dollars  from  Bianohi  in  January,  1900  with  which  to  set 
himself  up  in  business.  It  appears  that  Altolina  originally  invested 
his  sawings  in  conjunction  with  Binnchi's  experience  in  opening  up  a 
w'ine  and  liquor  business  a  good  many  years  ago,  and  that  Bianohi  has 
at  all  t iraes  been  in  some  way  or  other  indebted  to  Altolina. 

When  I  interviewed  Mrs,  Bianohi  at  Philadelphia,  at  which  time 
Altolina's  name  was  first  mentioned  to  me,  she  said  that  she  thought  all 
along,  until  her  husband  explained  to  her  about  the  kidnappers,  that 
he  had  loaned  the  $600  to  Altolina,  'out  she  does  not  to-day  know  that 
this  money  was  loaned  to  Altolina. 

Bianohi  never  mentioned  the  fire  to  me,  nor  the  insurance 
collected  by  him,  especially  when  I  questioned  him  to1  learn  where  he 
obtained  the  $600  whioh  he  alleged  he  placed  in  the  grave.  His  wife 
accidentally  told  me  about  Altolina.  Bianohi  never  mentioned  the 
name  of  Altolina  to  me  as  his  partner,  until  I  picked  this  information 
out  of  his  wife  and  son,  and  then  he  did  not  state  that  he  set  him  up 
in  business. 

Early  next  week  I  propose  to  endeavor  to  get  a  statement  from 
Altolina  about  this  matter. 

I  have  considerable  suspicion  that  the  origin  of  the  fire  in 
Bianohi's  house  was  of  an  incendiary  nature,  and  that  the  object  of 
the  fire  was  to  obtain  the  insurance  on  the  furniture. 

The  a 
the  only  moti' 
I  h’v 
any  money  on 

n  fane  of  our  investigation  thus  far  appears  to  "be 
the  writing  of  those  anonymous  letters, 
little  faith  in  the  theory  that  Bianohi  is  spending 
1  outside  of  his  family. 

Yours  truly. 


Report  ed 

Mew  York  6/3/1901 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Llewellyn  Park,  Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir;- 

N.  T.  B.  reports;- 

Tuesday,  Juno  4th,  1901. 

This  A.  M.  I  received  instructions  to  go  to  Stewart  &  Co.,  rub¬ 
ber  stamp  manufacturers,  #201  Broadway,  and  ascertain  if  they  have  any 
type,  same  as  used  in  the  letter  in  question,  and  to  also  obtain  the 
names  of  their  aeents  ,4n  Orange  and  Newark,  from  whom  similar  type  could 
be  obtained. 

Upon  arriving  at  Stewart  &  Co's,  I  asked  for  Mr.  Stewart,  but 
he  was  not  in,  and  I  saw  the  manager,  to  whom  I  showed  part  of  the  letter, 
and  asked  him  if  he  had  any  typo  like  it,  and  ho  said  that  he  had,  and 
produced  a  box  which  he  said  was  the  identical  type,  and  that  a  single 
line  holder  had  been  used  to  print  the  letter,  as  the  lines  were  not 
straight  and  equally  spaced,  as  they  would  be  if  a  double,  treble  or  four 
line  holder  had  been  used.  He  showed  me  a  single  lino  holder,  and  com¬ 
pared  it  with  the  lines  of  the  letter,  and  they  were  the  exact  length.  I 
purchased  a  box  of  type,  a  holder  and  an  ink  pad. 

,  *  .  .  T  asked  the  manager  if  he  had  an  agent  in  Orange,  N.  J.  who 

kept  their  rubber  stamps  in  stock,  and  from  whom  a  similar  box  of  type, 
holder,  and  ink  pad  could  be  purchased,  and  he  said  that  although  the" 
were  no/agents,  two  stationers  in  Orange,  N.  J.  handled  their  stamps,  and 
kept,  them  in  stock,  and  that  they  were  Henry  P.  Schmidt,  Main  Street, 
Orange,  and  P.  D.  Lawton,  Main  Street,  Orange,  and  that  they  were  all  in 
Orange.  I  asked  him  who  handled  their  goods  in  Newark,  and  he  said  there 
were-at,  least  a  dozen,  and  he  gave  me  their  names  as  below,  and  said  that 
they  were  old  established-  concerns,  and  I  could  obtain  their  addresses 
from  the  Newark  directory. 

P.  Bogardis.  Grovor  Bros . 

H.  Bucklien.  P.  V/.  Noble. 

Geiger  Bro.s .  R.  R.  Brant. 

Carl  Kniep.  Madison  &  Co. 

W.  H.  Schwlts  Co.  Mathews  Plumb  &  Co. 

(Goodsoll  &  Co . 

He  furthermore  told  me  that  each  of  these  firms  handled  quanti- 
ties  of  their  goods. 

reJVrn®d  t0  the  Aeency  and  reported,  and  was  instructed 
to  write  a  letter  with  the  typo,  exactly  like  the  letter  sent  to  Mr. 
to  n™ l  wd  T°’  ??£  the y  were  practically  identical.  I  then  proceeded 
to  Orange,  N.  J.  with  Asst.  Supt.  D.  and  went  alone  to  P.  D.  Lawton's 
stationery  store  on  Main  Street,  showed  the  type,  pad  and  holder  I  hed 
purchased  from  Stewart  &  Co.,  to  Mr.  Lawton,  and  asked  him  if  he  had  any 
hS  at  °”°o  said  that  he  had,  and  I  asked  him  if  he  could  re- 
out"t  like  /ithin  the  past  few  months,  and  he  said 
hnv  nr  *  th*i  ®°nths  ago,  or  it  might  be  longer,  that  he  had  sold  a 
and  ?  ^  line  holder  to  Professor  Shepherd,  #470  Main  St. 
three  1  inn  hnvifi0  -^a?h£r’  4aild  oane  in  aCain  last  Priday  and  purchased  a 
three  line  holder.  That  he  is  wealthy,  very  erratic,  and  used  to  be  choir- 

master  at  the  1st  Ohitreh  of  Orange.  He  also  said  that  a  lady  and  a  little 
girl  aiso  bought  a  set  some  time  since,  but  he  could  not  tell  me  her 
name,  as  he  did  not  know  her.  That  she  wanted  a  child's  set,  but  he  did 
not  have  them  in  stock,  and  he  persuaded  her  to  take  the  other  set.  She 
also  took  a  two  line  holder.  Hr.  Lawton  asked  me  if  I  was  making  these 
inquiries  with  reference  to  the  kidnapping,  and  I  said  that  X  was,  and 
he  said  that  he  thought  that  was  all  settled,  and  that  Detective  Dibell 
had  told  him  that  they  had  traced  the  matter  to  Newark. 

I  then  met  Asst.  Supt .  D.  and  accompanied  him  to  Henry  ? . 
Schmidt's  stationery  store  on  Main  Street.  There  we  were  informed  that 
some  months  ago,  an  outfit  had  been  sold  to  an  insurance  agent,  and  that 
around  April  27th  he  had  returned  and  asked  if  he  ought  not  to  have  re¬ 
ceived  a  holder  foi?  the  type,  which  he  did  not  receive,  and  one  was  order¬ 
ed  for  him  from  Stewart  &  Co.,  but  there  was  no  trace  on  their  order 
book  of  the  order,  and  Mr.  Schmidt  expressed  as  his  opinion  that  he  order¬ 
ed  the  holder  by  postal  card  at  the  time,  and  did  not  enter  it  in  the 
order  book.  Neither  Mr.  Schmidt  nor  his  assistants  could  give  me  any 
particulars  as  to  the  insurance  man,  and  only  concluded  that  he  was  an 
insurance  man  because  he  mentioned  that  several  others  in  the  office  had 
similar  outfits.  We  then  went  to  Edison's  laboratory,  and  Supt.  D.  in¬ 
troduced  mo  to  Mr.  Edison,  and  explained  the  situation  to  date,  and  then 
left  and  we  proceeded  to  Newark,  and  to  Oltolina's  liquor  store,  corner 
Bedford  and  15th  Avenue,  and  Asst.  D.  interviewed  him  at  considerable 
length  in  my  presenco,  and  he  told  us  that  he  had  heard  nothing  of  Bianchi 
receiving  the  first  letter  until  a  few  weoks  ago,  when  ha  told  him  about 
it  in  the  presenco  of  his  son,  and  that  he  placed  §300.00  in  some  place, 
specified  in  the  letter,  but  where  he  did  not  know,  as  Bianchi  did  not 
tell  him  the  particulars.  He  said  he  is'Bianchi’s  cousin,  his  mother  and 
Bianchi's  father  being  brother  and  sister.  Asst.  Supt.  D.  questioned  him 
severely  and  he  became  badly  worked  up,  but  appeared  to  be  speaking  the 
truth,  and  said  he  was  perfectly  willing  to  make  affidavit  to  what,  he  had 

Loaving  him  we  returned  to  New  York,  and  discontinued  at  8  P.M. 

Yours  truly, 

Pinkerton's  National  Detective  Agency. 

By>  OtfOA^CL  QtluJUAjCm/' 


Nfew  York,  <3/5/1901 

but  we  consider  that  something  furth 
future  towards  proving  that  Dianqhi 
letters.  We  will  have  a  hill  made  uj 
eourse  of  a  few  days. 


-  -  June-  19  th,  <7$$! 


in  reply  hep  to 
i  wrote  us  about, 
>ne  in  the  near 
if  the  anonymous 

.  Detective  Money, 


Sept.  3,  1901. 

W.  L.  Edison,  Esq., 

The  Princeton, 

Asbury  Park,  N.  J. 

Pear  Will: 

Kindly  send  me  as  soon  as  possible  the  name  and  pedigree 
of  the  Black  Spaniel  Bitch,  also  let  me  know  if  she  is  registered, 
and  send  me  the  name  and  pedigree  of  the  dog  she  was  bred  to  and 
whether  he  is  registered,  the  date  when  she  was  bred,  the  date 
when  she  mch  whelped  and  how  many  dog  and  bitch  pups  she  had. 

By  giving  me  the  above  information  you  will  greatly  oblige, 
as  the  man  who  bought  the  bitch  and  pups  desires  to  have  the  pups 

YovujB  truly, 


2  enclose  a  aeti 

'us®  ^8  name  in  a  company,  it 
x  Uno  on  M-8  use  of  the  word  "wizard" 

letter  from  Mr.  Davenport  who  used,to  he  my  ster 
?ing.  While  it  is  all  right  to  let  Thomas  A. 

DfflDanV.  it  nnnmn  +.n  mo  +v,o+  n>=  j  j. 

it  seems  to  me  that  we  should  dre 
Please  call  Mr.  Edison' s  al 

'  -Q?f- 

wF-i&imi  i 





Nmr  York,  Nov,  15th.  1901 

Thos,  J.  Edison,  Esq, 

Orange,  N.J, 

Dear  Sir:  '■ 

Sometime  ago  I  wrote  you  in  regard  to'  a  tad  check  which  I 
received  from  Thos. J. Edison,  Jr.,  whom  I  believe  is  your  son, 

I  received  no  reply  from  you  to  this  letter,  hut  have  since 
seen  your  son  wh o  promised  to  call  and  pay  the  obligation:  in  a  few  days 
from  the  time  I  saw  him,  which  is  now  about  two  months. 

The  costs  of  protest  charges  and  all  up  to  date  is  only  $9.01 
but  I  cannot  afford  to  lose  even  so  small  an  amount  as  this,  having 
favored  him  at  a  tim  e  v/hen  he  seemed  to  be  in  need, 

Will  you  as  his  father  intercede  in  this  matter,  and  have  him 
call  and  pay  the  bill. 

I  do  not  care  to  cause  any  trouble  or  notriety  in  such  a  trivial 
matter  as  this. 

Trusting  you  will  look  at  this  in  the  same  light  as  I  do,  I 


Very  truly  yours, 

Fe«h«.cre*  —  £a(.  */0-u  u.h<m  t-ke 

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**«»*'<- 3*3l/-  37»%--  >N« 

V  %.  Td  /0fVl^y*UU^4~  /&t*M*A**f7 

176  Broadway,  New  York, 

My  acquaintance  with  you  In  years  past  and  my  friendship 
with  your- Brother  in  Michigan  prompts  me  to  write  you  in  regard  to 
a  check  cashed  for  Thos.  A.  Edison,  Jr.,  for  #40.  A  friend  of 
the  young  man  had  it  cashed  by  a  client  of  mine  who  is  a  poor  man 
and  can  not  afford  the  loss.  I  know  there  is  some  mistake  and 
have  prevented  an  application  to  Police  Court  for  a  warrant. 

Please  call  the  attention  of  your  son  to  the  matter  and  let  him 
communicate  with  me  at  once,  if  you  know  his  whereabouts.  Check 
returned  No.  account,  dated  May  23,  1901.  Amount  #40.  signed 
J.  R.  Nugent,  endorsed  and  cashed  for  Thos.  A.  Edison,  Jr. 

Most  respectfully  &c.. 

P.  S.  I  do  not  do  a  collection  business  and  this  is  not  in  my 

line  ana-only  withold  the  matter  until  I  hear  fromyyau. 

1901.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Financial  (D-01-12) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison's  personal  investments  and  other  financial  interests.  Included  are  items 
concerning  Edison's  promissory  notes  and  accounts,  along  with  routine  letters 
from  J.P.  Morgan  &  Co.  regarding  payment  of  the  monthly  stipend  provided  by 
Edison  to  his  daughter,  Marion  Edison  Oeser.  Only  two  items,  one  pertaining 
to  a  payment  by  the  American  Bell  Telephone  Co.  and  the  other  to  a  note  held 
by  C.A.  Spofford,  have  been  selected. 

Approximately  5  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

The  American  Bell  Telephone  Company. 

I’.  «»•  IHtAAVJJJt  «. 

I  send  herewith  the  Company’s 
Check  No.  settlement 

of  the  amount  of  the  accompanying  voucher  . 

Please  receipt  and  return  to  me  the  enclosed 
voucher  and  oblige 

Yours  very  truly, 


1901.  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  (D-01-19) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  business  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Included  are  letters  concerning 
the  use  of  phonoplex  circuits  by  the  Western  Union  Telegraph  Co.,  the  sale 
of  used  machine  tools  to  Ralph  H.  Beach  of  the  Pianophone  Co.,  and  the 
purchase  of  a  phonograph  reproducer  and  phonograph  recordings  by 
William  S.  Logue,  a  sales  agent  for  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  There  are 
also  letters  pertaining  to  the  company's  claim  against  the  Hicks  Gas  Engine 
Co.  of  Buffalo,  New  York.  Among  the  correspondents  is  William  E.  Gilmore, 
vice  president  and  general  manager  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  Most  of 
the  unselected  items  pertain  to  the  company's  claim  against  the  Hicks  Gas 
Engine  Co. 

Other  items  in  the  Document  File  relating  to  the  Edison  Manufacturing 
Co.  can  be  found  in  D-01-02  (Battery  -  Primary)  and  in  D-01-28  (Motion 


We  installed  one  set  of  phonoplex  instruments  at  Seattle, 

Wash.*  one.  set  at  Vancouver,  E.C.,  and  one  set  at  Victoria,  B.C., 
December  14,  1900,  to  be  used  in  cases  of  emergency.  We  ex¬ 
perience  quite  a  little  trouble  between  Seattle,  Vancouver  and 
Victoria  on  account  of  trees  falling  on  our  lines,  and  decided  to 
try  the  phonoplex  ir.  this  service.  It  may  be  that  we  may  not 
have  occasion  to  use  it  for  months  at  a  tine.  •  Under  the  c  ire  in¬ 
stances  ,  what  royalty  do  you  propose  charging  us  for  this  service?  advise  me  as  soon  as  possible.  j 

Very  respectfully, 

Jamary  18,  1901, 

|||,  Zx  x  ;,0‘J. 

Frank  Jaynes,  Esq., 


Dear  Si**: 

We  have  made  an  arrange  merit  w  it-h  the  Edison  people  to 
’pay  thorn  for  the  actual  time  that  the  phonoplex  ia  in  uae  be¬ 
tween  Seattle  and  Victoria  and  Seattle  and  Vancouver.  It  will 
therefore  be  necessary  that  the  manager  at  Seattle  advise  me  each 
time  the  phonoplex  is  used  between  these  points  and  for  what 
length  f)f  time  to  enable  me  to  make  a  correct  report  to  the 
Edison  people.,,. 

Will  you  please  issue, the;  necessary  Instructions? 

Yours?  truly. 

Mr.  V/.E. Gilmore, 

Vice-President,  Edison  Mfg. Co. , 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:  Electrician. 

Please  note  Mr-.  Barclay's  letter  to  Supt.  Jaynes.  I 
have  agreed  to  the  above.  Mr  Barclay  will  render  a  statement 
semi-annually  as  to  time  phonoplex  has  been  used. 



^  I  think  the  attached  papers  should  he  kept  in  a  drawer  handy 
so  that  they  can  he  gotten  out  at  any  time.  My  principal  reason  for 
this  is  that  possibly  we  may  want  to  look  it  up  later  on  to  see  whether 
anything  was  done ,  and  as  long  as  Logue  has  made  this  arrangement 
he  has  got  to  look  after  it.  I  believe  you  have  a  drawer  in  which  you 
keep  papers  of  this  kind,  so  place  it  there. 

1/29/1901.  W.  38.  G. 

The  Colorado  Midland  Railway  Co. 


■Denver,  Colorado,  March  6,  1901. 
Discontinuance  -  Phonoplex  Contract. 

The  Edison  Manufacturing  Company,  .  :  :.T  r\ 

Orange,  N.J. 


January  19th  the  phonoplex  attachment  was  cut/ out  of  service 
on  our  '.vires.  For  a  long  time  previous  to  this  date  we  had  had  contin¬ 
ual  complaints  from  our  local  operators  and  agents  that  they  were  unable 
to  adjust  their  instruments  so  as  to  work  satisfactorily  with  the  phono¬ 
plex  connection.  in  the  early  part  of  February  a  representative  of 
your  company,  at  the  instance  of  our  General  Superintendent,  called  and 
gave  the  matter  a  thorough  investigation.  The  phonoplex  was  then  cut 
in  for  the  purpose  of  testing,  but  the  trouble  did  not  cease;  our  wire 
work  was  seriously  hampered,  and  the  attachment  was  again  cut  out  finally. 

This  letter  is  to  advise  that  our  Company  do  not  wish  to  con¬ 
tinue  further  the  contract  of  March  sth,  1899.  Will  you  please  submit 
a  bill  for  the  use  of  the  phonoplex  from  January  1st  to' 19th,  inclusive, 

General  Manager. 



■  Randolph':  s 

X  return  you  this  letter  of  the  Colorado  Midland,  together  with 
some'  other  papers  and  copy  of  my  reply  thereto.  Will  you  kindly  give 
me  the  hill,  so  that  I  can  f or ward  it  with  my  letter  to  them. 


W.  K.  8. 

The  Colorado  Midland  Railway  Oo., 

c.  H.  Sohlaoks ;  Esq. ,  Con.  Mgr., 

Denver,  Colo. 

Roar  Sir: 

We  are  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  Knroh  flth,  advising  up  of 
the  discontinuance  of  the  phonoplex,  ae  per  contract  with  your  company. 
The  reason  that  X  have  delayed  answering  your  letter  has  been  due  to- 
the  fact  that  1  wanted  to  get  at  our  Hr .  Rogue,  who  had  charge  of  the 
installation  and  endeavored  .to  eliminate  the  troubles  that  wore  exper¬ 
ienced  subsequent  thereto.  1  regret  exceedingly  that  the  phonoplex  has 
not  worked  to  your  satisfaction  and  that,  you  have  decided  to  discontinue 
it  as  of  .Tan.  19th. 

The  fact,  that  we  have  so  many  of  them  in  operation  all  over  the 
country  and  that  they  are  used  very  generally  by  the  Western  Union 
Telegraph  Oo.,  would  seem  to  inrtioate  that  there  must  be  seme  radical 
trouble  tJiat  our  man  has  been  unable  to  discover.  However,  vre  must,  of 
course  abide  by  your  decision,  and,  in  accordance  with  your  instructions, 

I  enclose  you  herewith  bill  for  the  use  of  the  phonoplex,  as  recuestod. 
Moure  very  truly, 

vioe  Pres.  &  Ren.  Mer. 

Western  union  telegraph  Co. 


PocGmbor  12,  1901. 

Hios.  A.  Edson,  Escx., 

Dear  Sir: 

Orange, '  11.  J. 

For  your  information  ana  records  I  have  to  advise  that  at 
tho  close  of  the  month  of  June,  1901,  we  coasod  using  Phono  pi  e;,- 
circuit  between  Cincinnati,  Ohio,  raid  Lerington,  Ky.,  and  the  in¬ 
struments  have  been  shipped  to  our  Supply  Department  at  Chicago. 
Report  to  me  of  this  discontinuance  was  overlooked  by  Supt.  Hiller. 

Very  respectfully,  ,  . 


Ihoo.  A.  Edison,  Boo., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir* 

For  your  infoaaatlon  and  reoor&a  I  bog  to  ndvloa  that  on 
December  18th.  wo  again  resumed  operation  of  the  Fhonopler  circuit 
between  Bodlonda,  ;Cnl.,  ond  boo  Angelos,  Cal.,  distance  09  niles. 
Very  respectful  ljr. 


Respectfully  forwarded  to 
T.  A,  Edison,  Esq, , 

Orange,  N.J. 

.J®  note  resumption  of  Red-  . 
lands  and^los  Angeles,  Cal. 
Phonoplex  Circuit,  and  for- 
ward  notice  of  same  for  your 
information  y 

(Zy<L^(^L &vO\ 

1901.  Edison-Saunders  Compressed  Air  Company  (D-01-20) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining 
to  the  business  of  the  Edison-Saunders  Compressed  Air  Co.  Included  are 
patent-related  correspondence  and  a  license  agreement  between  the 
Edison-Saunders  Co.  and  the  H.  K.  Porter  Co.  of  Pittsburgh. 

Less  than  1 0  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The  items 
not  selected  include  a  routine  note  by  William  S.  Mallory;  a  receipt  from  the 
law  firm  of  Dyer,  Edmonds  &  Dyer;  and  duplicate  copies  of  the  license 

HUS  AGREKUEHT ,  made  this 

/' —  day  of  JsKSBejEjr 

1901,  by  and  between  EDISOH-SAUHDERS  COMPRESSED  AIR  COUP ARY 
of  Orange,  Hew  Jersey,  of  the  first  part,  and  H.  K.  PORTER 
COMPANY  of  Pittsburgh,  Pennsylvania,  of  the  second  part, 

WHEREAS  the  party  of  the  first  part,  by  virtue  of 
direct  and  mesne  assignments,  is  the  owner  of  the  entire 
right,  title  and  interest  in  and  to  Letters  Patent  of  the 
United  States  Ho.  486,411,  dated  November  15,  1892,  granted 
jointly  to  William  L.  Saunders  and  The  Ingersoll-Sergeant 
Drill  Company,  for  Method  of  Increasing  the  Efficiency  of 
Motor  Fluids;  Ho.  643,764,  dated  February  20,  1900,  grant¬ 
ed  to  Thomas  A.  Edison,  for  Method  of  Reheating  Compressed 
Air  for  Industrial  Purposes;  and  Ho.  657,922,  dated  Septem¬ 
ber  18,  1900,  granted  to  Thomas  A.  Edison,  for  Apparatus 
for  Reheating  Compressed  Air  for  Industrial  Purposes; 

AND  WHEREAS  the  party  of  the  second  part  is  de¬ 
sirous  of  acquiring  from  the  party  of  the  first  part  the 
exclusive  right  to  manufacture,  use  and  sell,  in  connection 
with  locomotives  for  traction  purposes  exclusive  of  street 
railroad  use,  reheaters  embodying  and  practicing  the  inven¬ 
tions  described  and  claimed  in  said  patents,  under  certain 
conditions  and  restrictions  hereinafter  recited; 

HOW  THEREFORE,  in  consideration  of  the  sum  of  one 
dollar  to  each  of  the  parties  hereto  by  the  other  in  hand 
paid,  receipt  whereof  is  hereby  acknowledged,  said  parties 
do  covenant  and  agree  as  follows,  to  wit: 

I .  The  party  . of  the  first  part  hereby  grants  and 
conveys  to  the  party  of  the  second  part  the  sole  and  exclu¬ 
sive  right,  liberty  and  license  to  manufacture  in  its  own 

_ _ ’  _  i‘1  ■ 

shops  at  Pittsburgh,  Pennsylvania,  apparatus  embodying  the 
inventions  of  said  patents  or  adapted  to  practice  the 
methods  thereof,  and  to  use  and  vend  to  others  to  be  used 
such  apparatus,  in  consideration  of  the  payment  of  royalty 
by  the  party  of  the  second  part  to  the  party  of  the  first 
part  as  hereinafter  specified;  provided,  however,  the  ap¬ 
paratus  so  made  by  the  party  of  the  second  part  is  limited 
for  use  in  connection  with  locomotives  for  traction  pur¬ 
poses  exclusive  of  street  railroad  use,  and  for  no  other 

II.  It  is  understood  that  the  license  hereby 
granted  is  exclusive  unless  made  a  non-exclusive  license  as 
hereinafter  provided  for,  and  the  party  of  the  first  part 
agrees  that  so  long  as  this  license  is  in  force  and  remains 
of  an  exclusive  character,  it  will  not  license  any  other 
person,  finu  or  corporation  to  raanuf ac ture ,  use  or  sell 
such  apparatus  for  use  with  locomotives  for  traction  pur¬ 
poses  for  other  than  street  railroad  use  in  or  throughout 
the  United  States.  It  is  also  understood  that  under  the 
license  granted  hereby  to  the  party  of  the  second  part,  the 
party  of  the  second  part  shall  be  entitled  to  manufacture 
and  sell  such  apparatus  for  the  use  stated  for  shipment 
outside  of  the  United  States  until  the  party  of  the  first 
part  notifies  the  party  of  the  second  part  in  writing  that 
the  privilege  of  selling  such  apparatus  for  use  outside  of 
the  United-States  is  withdrawn,  and  upon  the  receipt  of 
such  notice,  the  party  of  the  second  part  shall  thereafter 
cease  to  sell  such  apparatus  for  use  outside  of  the  United 
States  or  ship  such  apparatus  outside  of  the  United  States, 
and  shall  permanently  mark  said  apparatus  with  an  inscrip¬ 
tion  containing  the  words  "Sold  for  use  only  in  the  United 

States".  The  party  of  the  second  part  also  agrees  to  mark 
the  apparatus  which  it  manufactures  and  sells  under  this 
agreement  with  the  word  "Patented"  and  with  the  dates  of 
the  several  patents  owned  by  the  party  of  the  first  part 
under  which  such  apparatus  is  manufactured. 

Ill .  It  is  hereby  mutually  agreed  by  and  between 
the  parties  hereto  that  for  the  period  of  one  year  begin¬ 
ning  from  the  date  of  the  execution  of  this  agreement  the 
party  of  the  second  part  shall  be  allowed,  at  its  own  ex¬ 
pense,  to  make  any  tests  or  experiments  with  the  said  in¬ 
ventions  to  adapt  them  to  the  particular  locomotives  now 
made  or  which  may  hereafter  be  made  by  the  party  of  the 
second  part.  It  is  understood  and  agreed  however,  by  and 
between  the  parties  hereto,  that  if  during  the  said  experi¬ 
mental  period  of  one  year  the  party  of  the  second  part 
equips  any  of  its  locomotives  with  the  patented  improve¬ 
ments  and  sells  the  same,  the  devices  so  made  and  sold 
shall  be  subject  to  the  payment  of  royalty  as  hereinafter 

IV.  The  party  of  the  first  part  agrees  to  fur¬ 
nish  the  party  of  the  second  part  with  working  drawings  of 
its  most  perfect  fora  of  reheater  embodying  said  inventions 
upon  the  execution  of  this  agreement. 

V .  The  party  of  the  second  part  agrees  to  grant 
and  convey  to  the  party  of  the  first  part  an  assignable  li¬ 
cense  to  make,  use  and  vend  any  apparatus  in  the  nature  of 
improvements  on  said  reheater  or  by  which  the  operation 
thereof  will  be  facilitated  or  improved,  and  which  improve¬ 
ments  may  be  developed  by  the  party  of  the  second  part  in 
its  experiments  above,  referred  to  in  connection  with  the 
patented  devices.  And  the  party  of  the  first  part  hereby 


covenants  and  agrees  with  the  party  of  the  second  part  that 
any  improvements  in  said  reheating  apparatus  which  may  be 
made  by  the  party  of  the  first  part  or  its  assignors,  or 
in  which  the  party  of  the  first  part  may  acquire  assignable 
rights,  may  be  adopted  by  the  party  of  the  second  part  and 
applied  to  reheating  apparatus  made,  used  or  sold  by  it  un¬ 
der  and  during  the  continuance  of  this  agreement;  subject, 
however,  to  all  the  terms  and  conditions  of  this  agreement, 
but  without  the  payment  of  any  royalties  or  license  fees  in 
addition  to  those  hereinafter  recited. 

VI .  The  party  of  the  second  port  covenants  and 
agrees  that  it  will  use  due  and  reasonable  diligence  in  the 
making  of  the  experiments  above  referred  to,  in  the  adapt¬ 
ing  of  the  patented  devices  to  its  locomotives,  and  in  the 
commercial  manufacture,  use  and  sale  as  above  provided  of 
apparatus  embodying  the  patented  improvements  and  designed 
for  the  carrying  out  of  the  patented  methods;  that  it  will 
keep,  or  cause  to  be  kept,  proper  books  of  account,  in 
which  shall  be  entered  the  whole  number  of  apparatuses 
made  under  and  in  accordance  with  this  agreement  and  a 
full  and  accurate  description  thereof,  and  that  such  books 
shall  at  all  times  during  business  hours  and  upon  request 
be  open  to  inspection  by  the  party  of  the  first  part  or  its 
duly  authorised  agent  or  attorney. 

VII ■  The  party  of  the  second  part  further  cove¬ 
nants  and  agrees  that  after  the  expiration  of  the  said  ex¬ 
perimental  period  of  one  year  from  the  date  hereof  as  above 
provided,  it  win  well  and  truly  pay  to  the  party  of  the 
first  part,  or  to  such  person  or  concern  as  the  party  of 
the  first  part  may  in  writing  designate,  a  royalty  on  all 
reheating  apparatus  thereafter  made  by  the  party  of  the 

second  part  and  embo dying  the  said  patented  improvements 
or  designed  for  the  carrying  out  of  the  patented  methods, 
as  follows: 

On  each  and  every  locomotive  for  traction  purposes, 
exclusive  of  street  railroad  use,  having  cylinders  not  more 
than  eight  inches  in  diameter,  one  hundred  dollars  ($100) , 

On  each  and  every  locomotive  for  traction  purposes, 
exclusive  of  street  railroad  use,  having  cylinders  less 
than  eleven  Inches  in  diameter  and  more  than  eight  inches 
in  diameter,  one  hundred  and  fifty  dollars  ($150). 

On  each  and  every  locomotive  for  traction  purposes, 
excliisive  of  street  railroad  use,  having  cylinders  eleven 
inches  in  diameter  or  over,  two  hundred  dollars  ($200). 

Provided,  however,  that  in  the  event  that  the  manufac¬ 
ture,  use  and  sale  of  apparatus  equipped  with  reheaters  em¬ 
bodying  the  patented  improvements  or  designed  for  carrying 
out -the  patented  methods  commences  before  the  expiration 
of  the  said  experimental  period  of  one  year,  the  royalties 
as  above  provided  shall  be  well  and  truly  paid  on  all  of 
such  apparatus.  The  party  of  the  second  part  shall  ac¬ 
count  for  and  pay  to  the  party  of  the  first  part,  on  the 
fifteenth  days  of  January,  April,  July  and  October,  all 
royalties  payable  on  locomotives  made  and  sold  by  it  under 
this  license  for  the  quarter  ending  with  the  last  day  of 
the  preceding  month. 

VIII .  It  is  further  agreed  by  and  between  the 
parties  hereto  that  unless  the  minimum  sum  to  be  paid  shall 
during  the  first  year  in  which  royalties  are  payable  amount 
to  at  least  one  thousand  dollars  ($1,000) ,  and  unless  the 
minimum  sum  to  be  paid  during  the  second  and  each  succeed¬ 
ing  year  in  which  said  royalties  are  payable  as  above 

specified  shall  amount  to  at  least  two  thousand  dollars 


(§2,000)  for  each  and  every  year,  the  exclusive  right  and 
license  herein  granted  shall  cease  and  terminate,  and  the 
party  of  the  first  part  shall  be  at  liberty  to  grant  to 
other  persons,  firms  and  corporations  similar  rights  and 
licenses  to  use  and  practice  the  said  patented  inventions. 

It  is  understood  and  agreed  however,  by  and  between  the 
parties  hereto,  that  in  the  event  of  the  termination  of  the 
exclusive  license  above  provided  by  the  failure  of  the  party 
of  the  second  part  to  pay  to  the  party  of  the  first  part  a 
sum  at  least  equal  to  the  minimum  sum  mentioned,  the  party 
of  the  second  part  shall  be  deemed  to  have  a  non-exclusive 
license  to  manufacture,  use,  sell  and  practice  the  said  in¬ 
ventions  upon  the  payment  to  the  party  of  the  first  part  of 
the  royalties  above  provided  and  in  connection  only  with 
locomotives  for  traction  purposes  exclusive  of  street  rail¬ 
road  use,  and  so  long  as  it  does  not  entirely  abandon  such 

IX.  It  is  further  mutually  covenanted  and  agreed 
by  and  between  the  parties  hereto  that  this  license  is  per¬ 
sonal  to  the  party  of  the  second  part,  is  non-ass ignable, 
and  is  limited  to  the  manufacture  of  the  patented  apparatus 
at  the  shops  of  the  party  of  the  second  part  at  Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania,  and  not  elsewhere,  and  in  connection  with 
locomotives,  and  only  in  connection  therewith  for  traction 
purposes  exclusive  of  street  railroad  use. 

IN  WITNESS  V/HEKEOP  the  parties  above  named  have 
hereto  set  their  hands  and  seals  the  day  and  year  first 
above  written.  J  Cuy  Cej 

k/V^TVvvC^W^yvv  (wlf 

^  /  c.n 


State  of  New  Jersey,) 

:  ss . 

County  of  Essex,  3 

I,  a  Notary 

Public,  do  certify  that 

personally  appeared  before  me,  and  being  by  me  duly  sworn 
did  depose  and  say  that  he  is  the  president  of  the  ENISON- 
SAUNDERS  COHPRESSEN  AIR  COMPANY  described  in  the  foregoing 
license  agreement,  and  authorized  by  said  corporation  to 
execute  and  acknowledge  deeds  and  other  writings  of  said 
corporation,  and  that  the  seal  affixed  to  said  license 
agreement  is  the  corporate  seal  of  said  corporation,  and 
that  said  license  agreement  was  signed  and  sealed  by  him 
in  behalf  of  said  corporation,  and  the  said 

acknowledged  said  license  agree¬ 
ment  to  be  the  act  and  deed  of  said  corporation. 

Given  under  my  hand  and  seal  this  day  of 

January  190 l. 

February  19th ,1901. 

i'r.  Merti?  r :  - 

Please  give  me  two  blue-prints  of  all  the  re-heaters  so 
far  boon  made,  marking  the  prints:  First  re-heater;  Second  re-heater 
and  Third  re-heater.  I  wish  to  send  them  to  the  Pittsburgh  people. 

1901.  Electric  Light  -  General  (D-01-21) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
electric  lighting,  traction,  and  power.  Included  are  letters  regarding  a 
photograph  of  the  electric  railway  at  Menlo  Park  and  the  disposition  of  the 
original  locomotive;  a  communication  about  the  annual  meeting  of  the 
Association  of  Edison  Illuminating  Companies;  and  a  request,  misdirected  to 
the  West  Orange  laboratory,  for  repairs  on  a  General  Electric  dynamo. 

Only  the  item  pertaining  to  the  Menlo  Park  locomotive  has  been  selected. 


ROBERT  F.  HERRICK.  \  .  NBW  V0RK'  1ea,  oortlam'ot 



^  /  NEW  York,  January  26,  ^901,  ^ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  $  ct'^U^ 

Orange,  New  Jersey,  «  Uv.tG.C.ttvM  J 

«£=r'  i  ...... 

.My  d«r  Mr.  Ml..:-  ^  ■W^l'^fcie3Cr  tf 

Your  original  oar  and  motor  used  by  you  at  Memo  Park 
in  1880  has  returned  frcm  Paris  and  will  be  put  ashore  in  a  few 
days.  The  question  arises  as  to  what  is  the  best  way  to  preserve 
it  for  all  time,  not  only  for  the  purposes  of  litigation  but 
as  a  valuable  and  interesting  historical  memento. 

It  has  been  suggested  that  the  apparatus  be  given  to  the 
Brooklyn  Polytechnic  Institute  which  would  be  very  glad  to  receive 
it,  and  will  see  that  it  is  kept  in  good  condition  and  where  it 
will  be  available  for  any  purposes  for  which  it  might  be  required. 

I  have  no  doubt  that  the  institute  would  accept  it  with 
the  understanding  that  if  it  were  ever  necessary  that  it  should  be 
removed  for  the  purposes  of  exhibition  in  Court,  it  might  be  re¬ 
moved.  It  seems  to  me  that  it  is  muoh  better  that  it  should  be 
in  the  custody  of  some  suoh  Institution  as  the  Brooklyn 
Polytechnic  rather  than  in  the  custody  of  a  manufacturing  con¬ 
cern,  or  even  in  your  custody. 

Do  you  agree  with  me?  If  your  view  is  the  same  as 
mine  I  will  speak  to  our  people,  and  if  I  find  that  they  also 
agree  I  will  endeavor  to  arrange  to  have  it  put  into  the  custody 
of  the  Brooklyn  Polytechnic  on  proper  terms. 

H  ' 


. T.A.E. 

^  2, 

It  Is  a  long  time  since  I  have  seen  you,  and  I  wish  very 
much  that  sane  time  when  you  are  In  New  York  you  would  give  me  the 
pleasure  of  meeting  you  again. 

With  warm  regards  I  remain 

Yours  very  truly. 

1901.  Exhibitions  (D-01-22) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  concerning  industrial  and 
electrical  expositions  in  Paris  (1900)  and  in  Buffalo,  New  York  (1901).  Most 
of  the  items  pertain  to  the  Buffalo  display  of  Sigmund  Lubin's  motion  picture 
apparatus  and  films,  which  Edison  believed  infringed  his  own  patents. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

«nU, -yjy,,; 



fy«:,C/fy:  f/rfcut 

June  5,  1901 



Ms\&29/0  Cm* 

W.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq., 

Edison  Hanrg.  Co., 
Orange  , 

s.1.  iJ  j 

N.  ji 

;  ■!>)  !. 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  response  to  yourfl  of  4th  instant,  we  beg  to  say 
that  we  have  written  a  strong  letter  to  the  Director-General 
of  the  Pan-American  Exposition  and  enclose  fcopy  herewith. 
Should  we  receive  a  response,  we  will  promptly  advise  you. 
Yours  truly, 


W.  J.  Buchanan,  Esq., 

Director-General,  i 

Pan-Amerioan  Exposition,, 

Buffalo  , 

Dear  Sir:- 

We  are  informed  by  our  client  Mr.  Edison  that  on© 
Siegmund  Dub  in  of  Philadelphia  is  engaged  in  the  exhibition 
of  moving  picture  projecting  apparatus, films,  etc.,  at  the 
Pan-American  Exposition.  Said  apparatus,  films,  etc., 
are  constructed  and  operated  by  said  Dub In  in  infringement 
of  Kr.  Edison’s  patents  Hob.  493,426  and  689,168,  and  in 
competition  with  the  bxisiness  carried  on  by  Kr.  Edison 
through  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Company,  which  concern  also 
we  represent.  Suits  are  now  pending  in  the  United  States 
Circuit  Court  for  the  Eastern  District  of  Pennsylvania  (Oct¬ 
ober  Sessions  1897)  against  said  Dubin  for  his  infringement 
of  these  patents,  and  wo  are  instructed  by  Mr.  Edison  to 
prooeod  actively  against  any  persons  or  oonoorns  cooperating 
with  him  in  such  infringement,  either  by  affording  him  an 
opportunity  to  display  his  infringing  apiiaratus  or  to  use 
the  same  for  the  purpose  of  projecting  moving  pictures  upon 

Ve  call  your  attention  to  this  fact  in  the  hope  that 

— June  6,  1901. 

’  H  .  Y.  ' 


(W.  iT.  B.,  2) 

the  infringement  now  being  committed:  by  bub  in  at  the  Pan- 
American  Exposition  may  be  discontinued  tinder  your  order. 

We  should  be  loath  to  bring  an  action  against  the  Pan-Ameri¬ 
can  Exposition  in  order  to  enforce  respect  for  Mr.  Edison’s 
rights,  but  are  prepared  to  take  this  step  if  it  prove  nec¬ 

Kindly  inform  us  as  to  what  is  done  in  connection 
.with  the  above,  in  order  that  we  may  be  governed  according¬ 

Yours  truly, 


y^tecui/fcus.-  Gfyr/efi&sZi  ^er.ttJrJ, 

June  15,  1901. 

W.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq., 

Edison  Manufacturing  Co., 

Our  letter  to  the  Pan-Amerioan  Exposition  CofapanvjQ  ffi 
complaining  of  Lutin' s  infringement  has  brought  a  response!  IP 
copy  of  which  is  enolosed.  We  also  enclose  copy  of  a  fur¬ 
ther  letter  to  the  Secretary  of  the  Committee  at  Buffalo. 

This  has  not  been  sent.  If  you  will  advise  us  as  to  whether 
or  not  it  meets  your  views,  we  will  send  it  or  revise  it  as 

Yours  very  truly, 





Buffalo,  N.  Y. ,  U.  S.  A. 

June  13,  1901. 

Messrs.  Dyer,  Edmonds  &  Dyer, 

31  Nassau  St. , 

New  York  City,  N.Y. 


In  compliance  with  instructions,  I  Beg  herewith  to 
acknowledge  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  5th  inst.  addressed 
to  the  Director-General  of  the  Pan-American  Exposition  Com¬ 
pany  advising  the  Director  General  that  certain  apparatus, 
films,  etc.,  constructed  and  operated  hy  Siegmund  LuBin  of 
Philadelphia,  infringe  certain  patents  referred  to  owned  By 
the  Edison  Manufacturing  Company. 

Mr.  LuBin  has  given  a  Bond  to  the  Exposition  Com¬ 
pany  which  will,  we  feel  sure,  protect  us  against  any  judg¬ 
ment  you  might  Be  aBle  to  obtain  on  account  of  the  alleged 
infringement  But  we  trust,  in  view  of  the  temporary  nature 
of  the  corporation  formed  for  the  conduct  of  the  Pan-Amer¬ 
ican  Exposition,  you  will  not  deem  it  necessary  for  your 
purposes  to  resort  to  legal  proceedings  in  this  instance. 

No  doubt  you  appreciate  the  fact  that  no  matter  what  concern 
we  might  grant  a  concession  to  for  the  exhibition  of  moving 
pictures  we  would,  in  all  probability,  Be  sued  or  at  least 
threatened  with  suit  By  a  number  of  other  concerns  manufact¬ 
uring  similar  apparatus.  Mr.  LuBin  happened  to  offer  us 


the  heat  terms  for  a  concession  and  has  received  the  same 
from  us  upon  such  conditions  as  will  fully- protect  us  in 
case  of  suit.  It  strikes  the  writer  that  it  really  is  to 
the  interest  of  your  clients  that  a  moving  picture  exhibi¬ 
tion  should  "be  conducted  at  this  Exposition  as  a  matter  of 
advertisement  for  such  apparatus  which,  in  the  event  you 
succeed  in  winning  in  your  contention  against  Mr.  lubin, 
will  undoubtedly  be  to  your  benefit  and,  consequently,  be 
worth  more  to  you  than  if  we  had  no  moving  picture  exhibi¬ 

Trusting  that  with  this  explanation  you  will  be 
content  to  refrain  from  involving  the  Exposition  in  a  con¬ 
troversy  between  Mr.  Lubin  and  yourselves,  I  beg  to  remain. 
Very  respectfully  yours, 

Oscar  T.  Taylor 

Secretary  Com.  on  Law  and  Insurance. 



June  15,  1901. 

Osoar  5?.  Taylor,  Es<i.,  i 

Seo*y  Committee  on  Law  and  Insurance, 
Pan-American  Exposition, 

Buffalo,  N.  Y. 

Bear  Sir:- 

We  have  received  yours  of  15th  instant  relating 
to  infringement  of  Edison  patents  on  moving  picture  apparatus 
and  films  By  Biegmund  LuBin  at  the  Pan-Amerionn  Exposition. 

regret  the  attitude  which  you  have  concluded  to  take, 
since  under  our  client's  instructions  we  shall  have  to  pro¬ 
ceed  to  enforce  Mr.  Edison's  rights  By  suit,  either  against 
the  Pan-American  Exposition  Company  or  against  that  concern 
jointly  with  LnBin.  We  further  regret  that  you  have  given 
any  weight  to  LuBin's  assurance  as  to  protecting  you  against 
judgment.  Suoh  assurance  ho  has  tendered  to  a  number  of 
other  persons  and  concerns,  possibly  more  fully  apprised  as 
to  the  situation  than  you, are,  and  it  has  Been  refused. 

We  do  not  at  all,  as  you  suggest,  appreciate  the 
faot  that  you  would  Be  sued  or  threatened  with  suit  By  rival 
manufacturers  no  matter  what  ooncem  obtained  the  conces¬ 
sion  from  you.  The  Edison  patents,  ns  you  will  readily 
find  upon  investigation,  lie  at  the  foundation  of  the  moving 


(0.  T.  T.,  2) 

pioture  art,  and,  In  fact,  It  was  through  them  that  the  art 
was  first  presented  to  the  public.  Wo  know  of  no  conten¬ 
tion  that  Mr.  Edison's  apparatus  infringes  upon  any  patents 
or  upon  any  rights  of  competing  manufacturers  or  exhibitors. 
Nor  do  we  know  of  any  moving  pioture  apparatus  or  films  ad¬ 
apted  for  or  oapahle  of  successful  oommeroial  use,  which 
do  not  fall  within  the  scope  of  those  patents  and  infringe 
upon  their  claims. 

As  you  are  doubtless  aware,  by  granting  the  conces¬ 
sion  to  Lift  in  and  countenancing  his  violation  of  the  Edison 
patents,  the  Pan-American  Exposition  Company  contributes 
with  him  in  the  infringement  of  Hr.  Edison’s  rights.  This 
our  client  will  not  overlook,  even  in  view  of  the  "temporary 
nature  of  the  corporation  formed  for  the  conduct  of  the  Pan- 
American  Exposition".  We  have  no  doubt,  however,  that  Mr. 
Edison  regrets,  as  we  do,  the  necessity  for  involving  your 
Company  in  a  controversy  which  it  might  so  easily  avoid. 

Yours  truly, 



SftMttct  i flJiW/no/Hfs. 

-S^wr  St/moju/j 

gUn&J*  ?£&„.*  '%„,,JrJ.  y£%M, 

July  12,  1901. 

W.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq. , 

Edison  Manfg.  Co.,  ... 

0  r  a/  n.  g  e 

N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Respond ing  to  yours  of  11th  re  Pan-American  Exposi¬ 
tion  Company,  we  heg  to  say  that  we  have  received  no  re¬ 
sponse  to  our  last  letter.  We  presume  that  the  intention 
of  the  Exposition  people  is  to  act  upon  the  thought  contained 
in  their  letter  oopy  of  which  we  sent  you,  that  owing  to  the 
temporary  nature  of  the  infringement  we  will  refrain  from 
suit.,  „  If  you  wish  hills  filed,  please  so  adyise  us. 

Yours  very  truj 


1901.  Fort  Myers  (D-01-23) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  memoranda,  and  freight  receipts 
relating  to  Edison's  home  and  property  at  Fort  Myers,  Florida.  Included  are 
items  concerning  Edison's  schedule,  insurance  policies,  and  paint  and 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

<$  '&  y*3£e't£  <eisix-  <a?ccC 

<7'Uy  ^/py'  ^&a*y£;  /£y  'Zue^t/L^  a-vy^4rP/^ v*^^**^ 

/'dkz&sj-U.C-tC  ^  .  ($7-1/  c-(Az-oy& /&4<yx_..  ^ 

<$  s/l4*C-  ,'t2.J-i-tsa?.  ''fey/ye.  .  y^/6  ,  t&ccCs 

s^./A/tfC  ~fc  £t .  y/zuy^f^  y/£pf&?~e.  ~£te_.^yl/z^eyf  crt**L^^. 

'7tc6'£c€e-£s  <$  /A.fcc^lrf'  yy£-  t?z£sfe>y<z^'/c  7^-  ,y£~  stv/£y£ 

/fc  O&t  ay/tzychK^  7tF~  y/va^C  y>6  <&**>.  &f  tZ&y  ydr/tsyf.  SC. 

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W.  P.  CLYDE  &  CO.,  General  Agents, 
19  State  Street,  New  York. 

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Cfo  (pfu/M  PJL  CL  &Lu  vyi 

1901.  Mining  -  General  (D-01-24) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
mining  and  ore  milling.  Included  are  letters  pertaining  to  ore  separators  and 
to  ores  and  mines  in  which  Edison  expressed  an  interest. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected  except  for  two  routine  letters 
of  transmittal. 

■WrrE-rrc mi'R^Sr-iERjNr^N  &  Company 

'  /M 
<A*  xa 

*66  Fine  st. ,  Haw  Ycrffc  City,  K.r.  ,  February  14th  1901. 

Mr.  Thortas  ft.  IWlaOh,  ^  tx  a-^-wjCv  . 

O***®3  ’  S^*  UJLa  lC^£~j  <w  , 

Dear  sty:  ^  °^r“^  Lc  U—  “3  <^~  5*  d 

yy^XX  •JTC^-^o  9  urvtt  txl-^r^fa^rO 

lief  siring  to  Hr.  rooies'^  aad:fe^^q^vies7^4jh_y<»u  yesterday, 

I  would  say,  we  have  instructed  our  people  at  Port  Henry  to  fori j|qra  you 
by  express  to-day  a  he*  of  oirr  'Old  Bed  -  iron  Ore,  arid  **  jwplttxix  W- 
close  you  a  representative  atmlyeia  pf  trie  Ore.  It  may  be  that  trie 
Silica  and  line  way  vary  from  this,  but  we  look  upon  this  aa  art  average 
analysis  an  it  wae  wade  from  a  cample  ttf  a  good  many  thousand  tone  pf 

As  1  told  you  yesterday,  Villlssa  &  Clark  company  inform  up  that 
they  fcouid  want  our  tailings  to  asm  at  leapt  3 3#  Pheapriqno  Api£,  whioh 
is  trie  equivalent  of  about  60#  Bone  Phosphate  ( tri-l»sij>  saloiu  Pbos- 
phats).  a  recant  teat  of  our  tailings  over  another  magnetic  separator 
showed  that  by  eliminating  Hornblende  w$  were  able  to  produce  th<?  follow¬ 
ing  results! 

F-H'-0"9>rP-H-0-R-0-e  - —14.098^ 

PHOSmRItt  AO tb  .-■.....  $$,21  <k 

equivalent  to  r 

B0»B  paOS?HM$  70,53  d 

( tyi-t>atne  caidlo  Prioayhatd) 

Mr.  I.  A.  E.  ,  #2. 

As  we  told  you  yesterday,  we  were  anxious  to  Keep  the  Ore  as  coarse 
as  possible,  and  would  prefer  your  test  to  be  made  on  a  6  mesh  basis  for 
the  Ore.  Please  advise  me  when  you  can  maKe  the  test  as  I  would  liKe 
to  run  out  and  see  it  done.  I  have  no  engagements  ahead,  except  for 
Monday  next,  when  I  must  be  out  of  town. 

What  we  would  liKe  you  to  do  is  tell  us  what  your  machine  oan  do 
on  6  mesh  in  Metallio  Iron  and  Phosphorus  contents,  and  what  the  tail¬ 
ings  will  run  in  Phosphorio  Aoid.  As  I  understand  it,  the  Phosphate 
people  would  like  the  tailings  as  coarse  as  they  can  get  them  so  that 
they  oan  orush  them  down  easier,  or  else  want  us  to  deliver  them  at 
about  75  to  100  mesh. 

In  naming  us  the  royalty  on  your  maohine  I  hope  you  will  bear  in 
mind  that  we  have  got  to  produce  our  Concentrates  at  a  vary  low  figure 
to  obtain  a  marKet  for  them.  If  we  could  produce  Bessemere  Concentra¬ 
tes,  of  course  our  Ore  would  command  a  better  figure. 

Yours  truly. 


^Ut-  L4  /ft  /tt  «■»—  t**- 


Analysis  of  » Old  Bed  21"  Port  Henry  Iron  Ore- 
By  Alexander  Me  Creath,  Harrisburg,  Pa- 
July  14th-1868 

Metallic  Iron  61-650 
Metallic  Manganese  -077 
Sulphur  -026 
Phosphorus  1-4 Oo 
Alumina  -978, 
Lime  4-690 
Magnesia  -421 



Zf/,  Jt'/L/f  /pit? 

/yHtsu,  $'k£u^~ 




Broad  &  Chestnut  Streets 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq, 


'’April  2S 


.  s.t 

.  e> 

Jiu-  ^ 

Dear  sir: 


'April  22nd.  1901.1/'  * 

Mr.  Williams  called  us  up  to-day  from  the  Hurd  Mine,  and 

says  that  the  string  of  ore  which  ho  has  been  following  has  been  _ J* 

gradually  widening,  and.  the  vein  is  now  4  ft.  thick  and  he  is  get- 
ting  into  rich  shot  ore.  We  presume  that  it  is  to  early  yet  to  C 
congratulate  ourselves  upon  having  found  a  new  vein,  but  Mr.  Williams^! 
is  evidently  of  the  opinion  that  he  has  probably  struck  a  large 
deposit,  and  he  will  keep  us  posted  daily  regarding  its  development,  if 
From  what  we  can  gather,  the  vein  is  taking  the  direction  of  your 
test  pits,  but  we  are  not  certain  of  this..  The  shaft  is  now  30  ft.  (, 
deep,  and  as  we  understand  it,  only  10  ft.  below  the  point  where  1 
the  ojre  was  first  struck,  at  which  place,  it  was  only  about  14  inches  Pp 
thick.  If  any  of  your  people  are  passing  there,  it  might  be  inter¬ 
esting  to  you. .to  have  them  stop  off  and  see  what  they  can  learn.  We 
are  not  seeking  investment  yet  for  the  returns  from  this  operation,^ 
but  are  glad  to  know  that  there  is  some  daylight  ahead,  as  the  old  £ 
workings  have  to  be  abandoned,  as  they  are  getting  dangerous,  and 
but  little  more  ore  in  sight,  and  without  some  new  development,  (we  j 
should  not  oply  lose  our  investment,  but  have  to  chip  in  to  pay 


Broad  &  Chestnut  Streets 

•  "hiladilphia.  April  23rd#  1901- 

Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq,, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  air: 

We  herewith  enclose  copy,  of  letter  from  Thomas}  M.  Willians 
and  of  report  made  by  Mr.  Oanfield.  We  understand  that  the  telephone 
message  which  we  had  from  Mr.  Williams  was  subsequent  to  the  writ¬ 
ing  of  this  letter.  We  are  not  sufficiently  geological  in  our  mnim 
up  to  understand  all  that  is  contained  in  these  papers,  hut,  as  a 
whole,  consider  that  the  outlook  is  very  encouraging,  and  if  you 
have  any  of  your  representatives  in  the  locality,  we  should  he  glad 
to  have  them  stop  off  at  the  mine  and  look  matters  over.  It  would 
he  quite  a  "find"  to  run  on  a  large  chute  of  oie  at  Hurd,  as  the 
ore  is  so  rich  that  it  always  finds  a  ready  market,  and  we  presume 
that  being  so  close  to  the  surface,  it  could  he  very  cheaply. mined. 


Yours  very  truly, 
>  - 



(  Copy  ) 

Dover,  u.  j.  April  18,  1901. 

Thomas  M.  Williams  Supt., 

Dover,  H,  j. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  have  recently  visited  the  Hurd  Mine  at  Hurdtown,  for 
the  purpose  of  making  a  more  thorough  examination  of  the  body  of 
ore  that  is  in  the  Bluff  Mine.  There  has  been  no  work  done  in 
this  mine  for  many  years  and  it  remains  in  the  condition  that  it 
was  at  the  time  of  my  last  report.  Through  the  caving  in  of  some 
of  the  over  lying  rock,  more  of  the  vein  is  visible  than  could  be 
seen  last  year.  ihis  body  of  ore  extends  up  to  the  earth  covering 
and  can  be  tested  at  a  small  expense.  There  is  enough  ore  in  sight 
to  pay  for  a  more  thorough  and  practical  examination. 

Hiere  is  another  ore  body  or  vein  that  lies  near  the  old 
engine  house  and  in  exactly  the  same  relation  to  the  principal  ore 
Dody  (that  was  worked  so  many  years)  that  the  Bluff  mine  bears  to 
the  ore  body  in  the  Turnpike  Mine,  and  if  the  theory  of  a  vertical 
offset  be  accepted,  then  this  ore  body  must  be  the  part  of  the  vein 
in  the  Bluff  Mine  that  was  lifted  up  at  the  time  the  main  vein  was 
shifted.  A  cross  section  of  this  body  of  ore  is  like  that  of  the 
Bluff  Mine.  Both  dip  to  the  north  east  in  the  upper  part  of  the 
mines.  The  ore  in  the  new  mine  changes  its  shape  as  it  extends  to 
the  south  east.  The  vein  takes  a  sudden  roll  and  turns  downward 
so  that  it  is  nearly  parallel  with  the  main  ore  body  in  both  strike 
and  dip  and  probably  so  in  its  pitch.  A  shaft  has  recently  been  sunk 
on  the  hanging  wall  and  the  ore  was  struck  at  the  depth  of  twenty 
feet.  The  bottom  of  the  shaft  is  thirty  five  feet  from  surface. 


(  2) 

The  ore  has  widdened  from  ten  inches  to  thirty  inches  and  is  of  good 
quality  for  surface  ore.  The  vein  seem  to  he  from  six  to  eight  feet 
in  width.  Just  at  present  there  is  so  much  of  soft  and  decomposed 
rock  in  the  vein  that  it  is  not  easy  to  keep  the  ore  clean.  This 
vein  has  never  been  proved  and  no  one  can  say  how  it  will  develops . 
The  indications  are  so  favorable  that  you  should  give  this  mine  a 
thorough  test  before  you  give  it  up. 

Yours  truly, 

(Signed)  Fredk.  A.  Canfield. 


(  Copy  ) 

April  22,  1901. 

Messrs.  Pilling  &  Crane, 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Pear  Sirs: 

I  send  herewith  March  ore  weights  Mines  oars  37164  & 

4973,  which  Ry.  people  claim  are  in  a  blockade  at  Purnaoe,  bo  they 
can  not  yet  get  weights.  I  also  enclose  Mr.  Canfields  report  on 

I  am  pleased  to  report  a  great  improvement  in  our  new 
^  since 

shaft  sinoe  my  last  writing,  alsoAMr.  Canfield»s  visit,  at  the  time 
of  his  visit  the  vein  was  2  ft.,  not  2,l/2,  it  is  now  fully  3*8" 
and  looks  as  though  it  was  still  widening.  This  is  taking  place  by 
the  Hornblend  and  Mica  changing  its  character  and  gradually  turning 
into  ore.  I  hope  the  change  will  be  permanent,  but  of  course  that 
is  a  matter  that  no  one  can  fortell,  only  the  chances  are  favorable. 

I  wish  it  understood  that  although  thiB  vein  is  opening 
up  nicely  that,  we  are  not  mining  much  ore  yet,  as  we  are  only 
sinking  in  the  shaft  and  that  is  done  by  hand  power  on  a  windlas 
and  the  walls  being  orumbly  it  takes  quite  some  time  timbering,  at 
the  latter  part  of  this  week  we  will  be  about  through  in  the  old 
works,  then  if  indications  are  still  favorable  we  will  move  the 
hoist  to  the  shaft,  also  put  up  trestle  to  train  the  ore  to  the 
Ry.  This  trestle  we  have  ready,  only  move  it.  When  this  is  done 
we  will  also  start  drifting  and  stoping,  which  should  give  us  steady 
hoisting,  we  will  then  also  have  men  to  hand  and  load  what  ore  we 
may  have  on  bank,  by  that  time  it  will  be  well  to  inform  Mr. 

Clymer  that  this  ore  will  likely  be  low  grade,  as  in  this  ohange 
from  Hornblend  to  ore,  some  of  it  is  lean  yet  to  throw  away. 


#2  V  &  C. 

In  reference  to  Bluff  Mine  mentioned  in  Mr.  Canfield's 
report,  it  has  Been  my  intention  to  test  this  as  soon  as  convenient, 
as  per  my  statement  to  your  Mr.  Crane  when  here  at  time  I  drew  his 
attention  to  the  matter. 

The  new  vein  of  ore  Mr.  Canfield  mentions  as  coming  up  to 
the  earth  cover,  is  what  we  cleared  off  about^three  weekB  ago,  as  we 
figured  the  vein  in  our  new  shaft  if  permanent  should  be  found  here, 
and  there  is  no  reason  to  doubt  but  what  it  1b  the  same,  and  I  am 
now  convinced  that  the  ore  we  struck  in  our  crosscut  in  the  bottom 
of  the  new  rock  shaft, and  which  I  then  thought  was  a  leader  to  the 
ore  we  were  then  looking  for,  is  none  other  than  this  vein.  This 
being  the  case  we  have  really  proven  the  length  of  this  ore  for  a 
distance  of  nearly  700  feet  and  with  all  conditions  for  its  exten- 
tion  eastward  without  limit,  so  that  if  it  ever  opens  out  to  a 
good  workable  width,  the  output  can  be  increased  simply  by  additional 
shafts.  Yet  I  think  it  just  as  well  to  go  ahead  oareful  for  the 
time  and  prove  one  place  first. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)  T.  M.  Williams. 



Messrs.  Pilling  &  Crane, 

Girard  Building, 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Dear  Sira: 

I  wish  to  state  concerning  Hurd,  that  we  have  followed 
the  last  hunoh  of  ore  into  the  foot  wall  until  we  have  reached  the 
Bottom  rook.  The  whole  formation  is  formed  like  the  three  sides 
of  a  square,  or  nearly  so,  the  first  a  horizontal  Being  40  ft., 
second  at  an  ang}.e  of  65^  is  36  ft.  and  third  or  Bottom  piece  also 
nearly  horizontal  20  ft.,  making  the  whole  shute  93  or  a  hundred 
ft.  in  height,  i.e.  had  it  not  Been  Broken  in  the  two  places,  and 
made  to  form  a  square  instead  of  a  straight  line.  The  trouble  we 
now  have  to  contend  with  is, that  we  can  only  work  two  small  drifts, 
the  greater  part  of  the  ore  Being  in  under  Both  hanging  and  foot 
walls,  in  such  a  way  that  should  we  out  into  the  walls  to  remove 
the  ore,  there  would  Be  no  way  of  seouring  the  mine.  I  Believe 
though  that  the  Bottom  pieoe  of  ore  is  starting  to  oome  around  where 
it  Belongs,  and  should  it  do  so,  it  will  make  a  great  deal  of  im¬ 
provement  in  working,  and  will  enable  us  to  work  all  the  ore,  where 
we  are  at  present  only  working  l/4  or  l/3,  Besides  the  ore  will  Be 
clean.  Next  week  we  will  sink  in  the  rock  at  the  Bottom  of  the 
shaft  for  aBout  3  days  to  get  room  for  water,  then. we  will  follow 
the  ore  on  the  dips  to  follow  the  ore  in  that  direction. 

I  may  say  concerning  the  Bottom  rock  we  have  encountered 
that  it  takes  the  form  of  most  of  the  Bottom  rocks  in  the  other 
mines  of  N.  J.,  and  seems  to  contain  a  leader  whioh  would  indioate 
another  shute  underneath,  But  is  not  in  a  position  where  we  can 
follow  it  to  advantage,  Besides  it  will  Be  Better  to  prove. what 
vie  have  at  present.  Yours  very  truly, 

T.  M.  Williams, 

ngham,  Ala. ,  Hay  2,  1301. 

Mr*  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N. 

Dear  Hr.  Edison 

I  wrote  to  1.1  ■ .  Dick  from  Pittsburg  a  week  or  so  ago 
asking  him  to  be  good  enough  o  advise  me  when  he.  thought  you  would  be 
ready  for  me  to  visit  you  again,  to  see  the  crushing  machinery  at  work 
and  the  now  magnet  in  operation.  I  asked  him  to  be  good  enough  to 
wire  me  to  Hotel  shenley,  but  V  have  not  heard  from  him. 

I  shall  bo  much  obliged  iA  you  would  write  to  me  to  the  Auditor*. 
Anncxfiin  Chicago,  saying  when  it\will  be  convenient  for  you  for  pe - 
to  visit  you  again.  \ 

I  must  leave  New  York  on  th^&th  ofJ^T^o  that  I  hope  to  com¬ 
plete  my  report  before  that  date.  Would  yotibe  good  enough  tor. ask 
Ivir‘-  IIC  Creath  t0  analyze  for  me  the  separated  ores  and  gangue  and 
keep  me  samples  that  I  may  check  the  a&alysfcs  by  our  own  works  chemist 
when  I  return  home. 

Your  kind  reply  will  greatly  oblige, 

Yours  faithfully, 

P.  T.  C.  Co.  Telegram. 

Pan  American  Grounds,  Buffalo,  N.  Y.  9,12/01, 

T.  A.  Edison. 

letter  received.  Start  for  California  Saturday  night 
stopping  enroute  about  one  week.  Would  like  separator  forwarded 
to  Palace  Hotel,  San  Francisco  where  I  will  arrive  about  two  weeks 
from  date.  Send  it  by  express  prepaid  and  advise  me  of  charges. 

David  T.  Day. 



d(^i  '/Jl  /fo  1/ 

Enclosed  find  letter  received  this  morning  in  answer  to  my 
letter  asking  him  to  send  two  or  three  lbs.  of  clay  from  the  mine. 

Of  course  I  only  wanted  to  find  out  whether  there  is  any  clay  there 
or  not.  Either  I  or  some  one  else  would  have  to  go  to  see  whether 
there  is  a  bushel  or  several  miles  before  doing  anything,  and  it 
was  simply  to  save  the  trouble  of  running  and  hunting,  I  wrote  him. 
Can  you  make  any  suggestions. 

Yours  truly, 


California  State  Mining  Bureau, 

San  Francisco,  Nov.  26th,  1901. 

Mr.  w.  Preston  Hix, 

New  York. 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  reply  to  your  favor  of  Nov.  11th  I  will  state  that  it 
would  be  impossible  to  get  the  clay  from  the  places  referred  to  with¬ 
out  going  to  a  considerable  expense  as  one  point  is  several  hundred 
miles  distant  from  S.  F.  Furthermore,  unless  some  one  wbb  sent 
who  understands  what  you  desire, . it  would  be  of  no  value  as  a  test. 
Hence  to  do  this  would  cost  more  than  conditions  would  probably  war¬ 
rant  as  you  know  what  expert  charges  amount  to . 

Very  truly  yours, 

C.  S.  Long. 

fhoa.  E.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N<J.  ,U.S.A. 

t)aar  Sir;-  \ 

At  the  request  of  the  Hon.  George  E.  Foster,  I 
have  sent  you  sixty  (00)  pounds  of  our  flake  graphite  by  the 
American  Express  Company,  and  tmst  it  will  reach  you  in  safety. 


JT  eto  T-i.tzv'i  £t-  ^ 

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1901.  Mining  -  Dry  Placer  Process  (D-01-25) 

This  folder  contains  inquiries  regarding  Edison's  dry  placer  process  for 
the  separation  of  gold  ore.  The  majority  of  these  inquiries  were  made  by  mine 
owners  in  response  to  an  advertisement  Edison  placed  in  the  Denver  Mining 
Reporter  and  the  San  Francisco  Mining  and  Scientific  Press.  Each 
correspondent  was  sent  a  questionnaire  soliciting  "placer  data.” 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  Selected 
items  include  samples  of  the  advertisement,  inquiries,  and  questionnaires. 

to  observe  an  eclipse. 

I  send  you  to-day  by  express  prepaid,  a  sample  of  placer 
material,  .which  comes  from  a  property  one  hundred  miles 
from  railroad. 

The  tract  consists  of  160  acres,  and  is  called  "placer 
sand."  They  claim  to  have  .reached  a  depth  of  45  feet  with 
drill  or  auger  without  reaching  bedrock.  They  think  the 
material  may  be  as  much  as  100  feet  deep,  although  they  have 
only  been  down  45  feet. 

It  is  claimed  that  fifty  assays  show  an  average  of  §3.25 
per  ton. 

Water  is  not  available  for  hydraulics,  but  ample  for 
cyanide,  steam,  etc. 

After  testing  the  sample,- kindly  advise  if  it  interests 



J.  B.  A. 

tnnl  nnit  ittiuliig  Attorncij 

Thos. A. Edison, Esq.. , 
Orange  N.J., 

Sacramento ,  Cal.,  July  20,  1901. 

\  I  observe  the  enclfoseji  ad. In  Mining  and 
Scientific  Press,  of  San  P^noisco.last  Issue. 

1  am  Interested  in  a  lffi^ge  placer  mining claim  of  the  deep 
channel  variety,  having  high  grade\tBeah  ofgravel  on  the  bedrock, 
and  above  that, to  the  surface, dissemW€ed  through  the.  overlying  ma¬ 
terial, gold  is  found  in  considerably* quantities, but  we  cannot  get 
ahead  for  lack  of  water.  1  hope  IKbu  will  Wa  able  to  suggest  a  solution 

&  >  M  •  *-*:  QotdL-  Dr* 

/  &  <?  S?#S. 

tf?h\  £*-i**.*ts  *QcC<s<ut-**S  y^' 

^  JL~  °y 

J  yi^ZcxJ  ZZTT 

/PZi.e**.  jUU^Ltr-  ?&*■  7  _ 

A.  *~  ^ 

Mnxs^if  Zy^stXy 

(/  JL^u, 


Il'lcuy  l  A 

1.  Name  of  placer  J-L  7k toy**-  fa-t/fa,  too 

2.  Location  ti  faokol  tfa  2lz^yOr\  '^lcT  '•  ft  V"  (P  fb 

*sA^>-kA.  %.  $  v-ioLCot  CaueyL  fa  P*on  <v-£t 

3.  Probable  area  of  pay  gravel  /  tf-tt  a^c^oo 

4.  Probable  average  depth  of  pay  gravel  6>  4 

5.  Probable  average  value  of  pay  gravel  per  yard  "in  place" 

6. _  Is  gravel  loose,  or  cemented?  -  fa, 

t#  dJittcct  7tch<c  «'*<-  /lv  * &-4^>-CtAO 

Is  gravel  mostly  sandy  or  stony? 

,y?  .fa^Jt  ?-  eX^y 

8.  Does  gravel  contain,  much  iron? 

(9.  If  so  what  form?  bl^ck  sand  or  otherwise  &4JC- 

10.  Is  gold  mostly  fine  or  coarse?  C*-*^  fa  vfa-^ 

fc/c&J,  <W'  /dWciy 

11.  Up  to  what  size  does  it  run?  fan*.  'fa-.  facfa,  •6a 

*7  n^cr^  fa*™  e<£Lo 

12,.  ■  Is  gold  in  strata  or  pockets  or  on  bedrock  or  distributed  throughout 
the  gravel?  %u<xvUJj  eOJxZPAU^ <C5S  fa 


13.  A  sample  of  the  gold'  is  desirable.  It  should  fairly  represent  the 
variation  in  size  of  the  gold. 

14.  How  far  is  nearest  water,  for  boilers  only?  fa- 

.  6-y  12.  4  4>  3  if  $fafy - 

15.  Can  water 'be  had'  by  drilling?  ■  Tc-what  depth?  4  <?  <r 


SEP  :li  !*■ 

16.  How  far  is  nearest  railroad?  ^  ‘2^^' 

17.  How  are  wagon  roads  to  railroad?  fo-~-X.>  <Ltv£o-u^  /  v-i^Jdd 

18.  What  processes  have  been  tried  and  with  what  success?  ?• 

Vwtwxc  {Lsiaajc.  &£<*-*^**-j  c4>-t^cJ  g.  7/yi^XxM 

How  about  fuel? 

-  ^  ^ 


20.  If  one  hundred  pounds  of  gravel  in  placer  is  taken,  what  proportion 
will  be  larger  than  one  eighth  of  an  inch  pieces? 

aA-o-^U.  •/ 'Q . 

^4^  e/y^,  /a^s^.  -/  /£>  4^ 

^7  A- .  -  ^  4^, 

e^L, u,  e^7  ^/**~-**s  ■*£**.  ^  jCxC. 

i*C/  dy ■  <u^s<uL^y  z.d  -&r  a  °^y  ao-L^/  oA»^ 

sd^X^£_  xZx.  J  /^c 

AT  ^  _  Ax 

^  /■— 4  ~  'Aiyrf,  V 

^  e/^K^W’ 

Chicago  ,/ilov.  16th, 1901. 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:  I  enclose  you  three  descriptions  of  Placers  #l,  2  and  3,  all 
in  Yavapai  County,  Aria.  The  answers  to  the  questions  are  rather  plain 
probably  will  fulfill  all  your  requirements.  In  addition  to  these, 
the  owner  says  he  has  three  quarter  sections  in  the  French  Gulch  that 
is  bonded  until  the  1st  of  December.  He,  also,  has  15  quarter  sections 
on  the  Hassayampa  River  above  Wag®" Station,  but,  *****  in  this,  there 
is  a  dispute  about  the  title.  The.  titles  Ct  all  the  others  are  good. 

"I  have,  also,  anAnterest  in  some  locations  made  in  connection  of  the 
proposed  dam  siitfTof  Bill  Williams  Forks(which  is  in  Western  Arizona 
see  map)  but  they  are  not  for  sale  at  present".  The  owner  says  should 
your  parties  come  to  examine,  I  will  show  them  the  ground,  and  assist  then 
in  making  an  examination,  theynmft  to  pay  all  expenses".  He  says,  also, 
"I  will  notify  you  by  wire  should  I  have  a  chance  to  sell  or  a  positive 
offer  from  other  parties.  " 

Referring  to  the  en  closed  Placer  data,  the  price  on  #1  is  $6,000 
cash  or  more  if  bonded.  Some  cash  must  be  paid  down  if  bonded.  ON  #2, 

$25,000  cash  and  more  if  bonded,  some  cash  must  be  paid  if  bonded.On  #3 

$13,000  cash  and  more  ir  bonded,  some  cash  must  be  paid  down  if  bonded. 

These  prices  do  not  include  all  my  commissions  from  the  seller.  In  or¬ 

der  to  not  raise  the  price  to  such  a  figure  that  it  might  stop  a  sale,  I  . 
would  require  from  the  buyer,  a  fully  paid  up  interest  in  the  stock  of 
the  Oorporatio  n  to  the  extent  of  one  si*ty-fourth  of  the  Capitalization, 
as  it  is  usual  to  get  an  eighth  in  such  instances,  I  hope  this  will  sat¬ 
isfy  you.  If,  however,  you  are  not  satisfied  with  this  proposition,  I 
will  be  pleased  to  have  a  counter  proposition  made,  but,  would  not  want 
to  spoil  a  sale  for  a  small  difference  in  stock.  There  is  no  snow  on 
the  ground  in  Arizona,  and  will  not  be  ordinarily  until  after  the  1st  of 
January,  and  more  important,  'as  this  Part  ' 

Thos.  A.  E<iison-2-« 

Properties  under  the  annual  Assessment. laws,  your  man  should  atart  at 
once  to  examine  these  properties,  if  you  think  well  of  them,  any  or  all. 
The  seller*  is  a  man  of  very  large  experience  in  Placer  Grounds,  prob¬ 
ably  more  than  any  man  in  Northern  Arizona,  and  I  think  his  statement  is 
to  be  taken  with  a  great  deal  of  truthfulness. 

I  await  your  reply,  and  remain. 

Yours  very  truly,  n  /  () 


o-o-o-o -0-0 -0-0 -0-0-0- o-o-o-o-c 

1.  Name  of  Placer .  /[eeA  i/fot-ce /ya&/ 

2.  location  adn*. 

3.  Probable  area  of  pay  gravel. 

■  dCW  <Cl(yu.<> 

4.  Probable  average  depth  of 
pay  gravel, 

5.  Probable  average  value  of  pay 

■  rSpStps**''*  pl“e' 

7.  Is  gravel  mostly  sandy  oratony 

8.  Does  gravel  contain  much  iron? 

'/£?ZW  siasnje  y-ytAirn  (L<ra/t 

9.  If  so,  what  fora?  Black  sand 
or  otherwise? 

10.  Is  gold  aoetly  fine  or  coarBe? 

’  &irWiJ- 

11.  Up  to  what  size  does  it  run? 

s&ty-  rtustv+t/Lt-A, 

1(2.  Is  gold  in  strata  or  pockets 
or  on  bedrock  or  distributed 

13.  A  sample  of  the  gold  is  des¬ 
irable.  It  should  fairly  rep¬ 
resent  the  variation  in  size 
of  the  gold. 

-  'fa* 

‘  PLACER  DAT*.  <^d  ~ 
o-o-o-o-o-o-o -o-o-o-o -0-0 -0-0- 
1.  Hame  of  Placer 
2  Location 

3.  .Probable  area  of  pay  gravel 

fa# i  7c  #/ ^ 

15.  Can  water  be  had  /by  dr  tiling?  4  - 

To  what  depth  1  /  du»-A  <2+ 

16.  .How  far  is  nearest  Railroad?  | 

0*.  /?*&>  \vk<C 

17.  How  are  wagon  roads  to  Rail-  §v5?s. 

road?  4M 

18.  What  processes  have  been  Ivii' 

20.  If  one  hundred  pounds  of  gra-J^PS 
vel  is: taken,  what  propor- 
tlon  will  be  larger  than  >  »  * 
one-eighth  of  an  inch  pieces?  iv 

;  a&tuJ-  #>u.  :  V  ?  I 

oMTa^l.  tl  4  I 

4.  Probable  average  depth  of 
pay  gravel  JUi. 

5.  Probable  average  value  or  pay  , 
gravel  per  yard  "in  place" 


6.  Il  gravel  loose  or  cemented? 

/At,  44 ant  <M  far-/, 

.  7.  Is  gravel  mostly  sandy  or  stony? 

JfytxjL  In  'Wj.asotx 

#  8.  Does  gravel  conta4  much  iron^ 

/Z/At*  ,aa#v#L  y  injn  Sl#*A  | 

-s.  9.  If  so  what  form?  Black  Band  ? 

or  otherwise? 

.10.  Is  gold  mostly  fine  or  coarse? 
'^\n#vt  J#t  e*a~t*  #*■  A#' 

SL  11.  Up  to  what  size  does  it  runt 
Kv  de#** 

12.  Is  gold  in  strata  or  pockets 
5?  or  on  bedrock  or  distributed 

fX*  /?  throughout  the  gravel.  ,  ,  ; 

£  13.  A  sample  of  the  gold  is  desir- 

Kable.  It  should  fairly  repre-  ; 

sent  the  variation  in  size 
X  •■  .  of  the  gold. 

F  ’ 

&  14.  How  far  is  nearest  water,  for  , 

Vs  s,  boilers  only?  i 

£  ■■ /U  40t>ul  fM  <9i#-  7  i 

R  15.  Can  water  be  had  by  drilling? 

^  To  what  depth?  /zkTaj*-  \ 

|  16.,  How, far  is  nearest  Railroad? 

|  /rrddd  /?u.a#xc/- Jrz#u#*#t  ; 

fts  17.  How  are  wagon  roads  to  Rail-  i 

K  .road? 

tjeh^xr-za-  dia-  / 

18.  What  processes  have  been  tried 

and  with  what  succsss? 

g&stnj.  *o  &*-/  •  ! 

19.  How  about  fuel?  • 

g/urny.  <U>  /Tiff-  /  i 

20.  If  one  hundred  pounds  of  gravel 
in  placer  is  taken,  what  pro-  j 
X  portion  will  be  larger  than 

one-eighth  of  an  inch  pieces?  j 
„  ***■  7&A.41  J 

yht<Lt-7jlipT*>  ^fa />» 


. .  -/U 


o-o-o-o -o-o -o-o -o-o-o- o-o-o-o-o-o- 

1.  "ame  of  Placer. 

2.  Locations 

3.  -Probable  area  of  pay  gravel. 

WeJAZtrz  Au-x-eCMot  OtS'iiA 

4.  “^Probable  average  depth  of 

-  pay  gravel. <*>* 

in.  Afa&sitv 

ft.  Probable  average  value  of  pay 
gravel  loose  or  cemented? 

t/Vamu.  V%ioAa, 

7.  Is  gravel  costly  candy  orystony 

/Tla-.datLAA  4^Hu4  Sfovs  jbcJHj 

8.  Jkfos  gravel  contaln^muoh  Iron!  ' 

Ja*m,  tjAi^  n^h  y 

9.  If  so,  what  form?  Black  sand  ^ 

or  otherwise?  V 

10.  Is  gold  mostly  fine  or  coarse';  Is  i 
syfavu  /x_.  Caw&t.  m.  jA*  cn. 

'  11.  Up  to  what,  s is  a  does  it  run? 

13.  Is  gold  in  strata  or  pockets  j 

or  on  bedrock  or  distributed  1 

13.  A  sample  of  the  gold’i^  des¬ 
irable.  It  should  fairly  rep¬ 
resent  the  variation  in  si  as 
of  the  gold. 

14.  How  far  is  nearest  water,  for 

AAe.  Atvrufhudt.  sAna^A!  fa 

1ft •  Can .water  be  Had  by  drilling? 
To  what  depth? 

16.  How  far  is  nearost  Railroad? 

/Qnt-  A-j-£4  ' 

17.  How  are  wagon  roads  to  Rail¬ 
road?^.  JasnoO  ‘sfatsA 

10.  What  processes  have  boon 
ji  ,  tried,  and  with  what  success? 

/Cfr^.y^i'na  JDjtp,  'fcu^vnjjr.  y  AangJnf 

19.  ntow  lb  out  fuel?  0 

Ac  /rl  /hse-tr*L 

20.  If  dner  hundred  pounds  of  gra¬ 

vel  is  taken,  what  propor¬ 
tion  will  be  larger  than 
one-eighth, of  an  inoh  pieces? 

1901.  Mining  -  Ortiz  Mine  (D-01-27) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison's  dry  placer  process  for  the  separation  of  gold  ore  at  the  Ortiz  Mine  in 
Dolores,  New  Mexico.  Included  are  reports  to  Edison  and  to  the  Galisteo  Co., 
which  had  agreed  to  spend  up  to  $15,000  on  the  experimental  mill. 

Approximately  70  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 
Documents  not  selected  consist  of  ore  assay  tables  and  items  that  duplicate 
information  in  selected  material. 

Dolores, IT. M. Jan. 7, 1901. 

Mr. Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange  ,N.J. 

Dear  Sir:-  Since  report  of  Dec. 31st  the  samples  from  Carachie 

Placer  have  been  panned  and  assayed.  The  results  of  these  assays  are 
inclosed  on  separate  sheets.  A  map  showing  the. relative  position  of 
these  shafts  is  also  inclosed.  This  map  shows  that  four  shafts  were 
sampled  in  the  dry  bad  of  the  arroyo  where  the  old  workings  are  and  one 
on  either  side  of  the  arroyo  on  the. hills. 

The  preliminary  sample :which  ran  19.4  cents  and  which  was  mentioned 
in  report  of  Dec. 18th  was  taken  from  several  places  in  the  bed  of  the 
arroyo  and  near  the  surface.  This  is  the  portion  worked  by  t  he: 
Mexicans  usually,  about  two  feet  of  the  surface  and  only  in  or  near  the 
bed  of  the  arroyo.  Another  reason  that  this  sample  ran  so  high 

was  on  account  of  the. few  stones  taken  with  it,  it  was  mostly  sand. 

There' are  several  small  placers  about  the  grant  that  appear  to  be 
of  about  the  same  extent  and  similar  to  the. Carachie  placer,  i.e.  con¬ 
fined  to  the  beds  of;  small  arroyos.  Do  you  wish  any  of  them  sampled? 

The. sampling  of  the  Golden  Placer  is  progressing  and  some: results 
may  be  had  next  week. 

Work  has  been  started  in  the  Thousand  Foot  Tunnel,  which  is  open 
for  about  500  ft.  Eight  samples  are  being  taken  at  intervals  of 
about  75ft. 

In  the  examination  of  the  copper  and  iron  .deposits  I  take  it 
that  you  wish  the  samples  taken  only  where. the  veins  are  opened  and  not 
to  go  to  the  expense  of  making  any  new  openings. 

Inclosed  is  also  a  map  of  the: entire  grant  with  the  Cunningham 
Carachie  and  Golden  placers  marked. 

fiespectfully  submitted, 

Q<^gl&Ljl.  rJLa.<UAX 

K  1 


Y\Z  | 



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4-1  \ 



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C^ol^uouUJjl.  PJLcLCJI/iS, 

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Mr. Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange ,N.J. 

Dear  Sir:-  Since. report  of  Jan. 7th  three  samples  from  Golden 
Placer  have  been  panned  and  assayed.  The  results  are  inclosed  on 
separate  sheet.  Sampling  of  this  placer  is  about  finished  and  the 
entire  Be  suits  will  be  forwarded  next  week. 

There  does  not  appear  to  be  any  placer  ground  on  the: grant  beside 
those  already  sampled  that  is  worth  any  time: spent  in  sampling.. 

.  I  went  over  the  copper  section  Thursday  with  a  man  familiar  with  it 
but  did  not  find  any  ore: body  that  appeared  to  contain  over  \Z  of  copper. 
Unless  snow  interferes  samples  will  be  taken  next  week  and  analysis 
made  of  them. 

There  are  two  iron  deposits  on  the: grant.  One. of  carbonates  which 
runs  into  oxides  lower  down  and  which  probably  runs  into  sulphides  at 
a  stiil  greater  depth.  It  also  carries  gold.  The. other  is 

pyrites  in  small  grains  in  a  porphyritie  breccia  but  the. percentage. of 
pyrites  increases  with  the  depth.  I? 

Unless  I  hear  from  you  to  the  contrary  will  proceed  to  analize 
samples  from  both  these  deposits. 

Respectfully  yours, 

Dolores, N.M.  Jan.  21, 1901. 

Mr. Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange  ;N.-J.  .....  .  . 

Dear  Sit-:-  Since  report  of  Jan.  12th  samples  from  Golden  Placer 

and  the. 1000ft.  Tunnel  have. been  panned  and  assayed.  The  results  are. 
inclosed  on  separate. sheets  together  with  maps  showing  location  of 
samples.  Samples  of  shafts  A  and  B  and  of  Ritchie: Hill  are 

being  taken  and  results  will  probably  be  ready  next  week. 

The  sampling  of  the. copper  and  iron  deposits  has  not  yet  been 
started  but  will  be  commenced  this  week.  I  propose . sampl ing  only 

that  part  of  these  deposits  that  is  still  controlled  by  the. company  as 
a  major  portion  of  them  is  leased  to  outside  parties. 

The: machinery  in  the  mill  is  being  cleaned  and  greased  and  all 
small  parts  boxed,  together  with  all  small  tools  and  supplies. 

Do  you  wish  anything  brought  back  to  the  laboratory? 

Respectfully  yours, 

Mr. Thomas  AJEdison 


.  \ 

In  reply ^to  your^  letter  of  the  18th  inst..  in  which 


ask  how  long  it  will  he :hefore : I  will  get  through  here .would  say  thaT 
two  weeks  more  ought  to  be: ample  time  for  the. examination  of  the  copper 
section  and  the: two  iron  sections.  I  am  ready  to  get  back  to  Orange 
at  the. earliest  possible  moment. 

The. samples  from  Ritchie: Hill  and. shafts: A  and  B  are .panned  and 
ready  for  assay  but  as  I  want  to  assay  some: samples  from  the  iron  car¬ 
bonate  :  section  for  gold  will  wait  until  those . samples  are . taken  and  run 
all  the. assays  through  at  once. 

Respectfully  yours, 

Mr. Thomas  A.  Edison, 


Dear  Sir:- 

and  shafts  A  and  B  have  been  taken  and  panned  but  not  assayed  for  the 
reason  given  in  letter  of  Jan. 23rd.  The:copper  and  the  two  iron 

sections  have  been  sampled  and  these  samples  are  now  being  crushed  for 
analysis.  The:method  of  taking  these  samples  was  as  fellowst 

Chippings  were  taken  across  the: exposed  face  of  the  ore. body  in  the 
developments  -  from  5  to  20  lbs.',  according  to  the .  thickness  of  the  .  ore 
body  -r  and  from  one: to  six  samples  according  tq  the: size. of  the  develop¬ 
ment  -  these  were  crushed  to  1/4  inch  mesh  suj^ttese . f rom  the. same 
development  were  mixed  together.  In  mixing  thesl : samples  amounts  were 
taken  from  each  sample  proportionate: to  the  thickness  of  the. ore  body  ... 
at  the  point  where .  the  sample  . was  taken.  ■  So  a  combined  samplers 
made. from  the: samples  taken  from  each  shaft  or  tunnel .  This  sample  is 
then  crushed  finer  aha  sampled  for  analysis.  Thus  one  analysis  will  be 
made: for  each  development.  Volumetric  methods  of  analysis  will  be. 
uset*-  .  ,  ,  In  the  case. of  the  iron  pyrites  deposit  only  two 

openings  were  found0 t&at  reached  the  ore  body.  ' 

There  shouid;be. no  difficulty  in  finishing  the  work  this  week  and 
I  hope. to  leave  either  next  Sunday  or  Monday. 

■■  Respectfully! yours, 

Thomas  A, Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

dtp-  ^ 

Ctro  Ww£  w-..  JAW1' |Vut*t  <e<> 

Tuf%£  «*£Cfc,e>i-  UU^iuX£&^pXk0'p^ 

In  regard  to  your  claim  agaigst^the  Galigte£_Compa^,  I  wouiLd 


say,  that  the  laws  od  New  Mexico  provide  that  an  ait^chment* /ay  tissued 
ftJo  ImC  •'p.vK  ft,  OiU'UfrL  M\  a AaOukM..  ty 

irpo^ationfwhOBB  principal  office 

by  a  non-resident  plaintiff  against  a^cqritoration  whofc£  principal 
or  place  of  business  is  out*oP' b^Vt erri?o%|^V unJ'e^s ^^suck^c^p o^abi  orih  a  s 
a  designated  agent  In  the  territory  upon  whom  service  of  pro cette/ may  be 
made.  I  can  ascertain  at  once  just  what  "designation"  is  needed  for 
such  agent;  whether  it  merely  means  that  an  agent  is  on  the  ground,  or 
that  some  paper  has  to  be  filed  officially  designating  the  agent.  The 
only  trouble  with  that  plan  is  that  you  would  have  to  give  a  bond  payable 
to  the  territory  in  twice  the  amount  of  the  account  and  on  that  bond  you 
would  be  responsible  to  refund  any  moneys  which  you  received  and  which 
were  ordered  to  be  refunded,  and  also  pay  any  damages  that  might  accrue 
if  you  were  unsuccessful  in  your  suit.  This  liability  would- only. arise 

in  case  there  were  prior  liens  on  the  mill|,  or  it  had  been  assigned  to 
/Vm  Um 

some  one  besldres-the^  Company.  If  you  think  it  wise  to  take  this  course 
I  can  arrange  to  have  the  Security  Company  give  such  a.  bond  on  the  s 
strength  of  your  personal  guarantee( in  the  same  way  that  they  have  done 
in  other  cases. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Feb. 20,1901. 

Thomas  A.Edisen,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  just  received  a  telegram  from  the  Secretary  of  State  of 
New  Mexico  that  Burns  has  been  regularly  designated  as  the  agent  of  the 
Galistea'  Company  in  New  Mexico.  That  will  prevent  an  attachment  being 
brought  in  New  Mexico.  If  they  have  property  anywhere  else  except  in  the 
State  of  Maine,  or  anybody  owes  them  money,  .except  in  the  State  of  Maine- 
or  a  resident  of  New  Mexico j  an  attachment  can  be  gotten  out,  otherwise 
we  will  have  to  begin  suit  in  the  ordinary  way  either  in  New  Mexico  or 
Maine  (  the  former  preferably  I  think)  and  wait  for  judgment  before  we 
can  levy  on  their  property. 

Yours  very  truly. 

No .  1  Broadway,  New  York  City, 
March  7th,  1901. 

Thomas  A.  Edison, Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Sir:- 

I  have  just  returned  from  New  Mexico,  and  have  examined  the 
report  of  Messrs.  Miller  &  Chapman,  which  you  sent  us.  The  report 
seems  to  me  to  be  very  scanty  and  it  seems  to  me  that  from  its  own 
statement  a  large  part  of  the  gold  bearing  stuff  was  left  at  the 
mouth  of  the  shafts,  for  as  I  understand  it  only  what  passed  through 
a  l/Sth  inch  screen  (mill  stuff)  was  operated  on  in  the  mill. 

In  order  that  I  may  more  clearly  understand  the  report  and 
tables  furnished  with  it,  I  beg  to  request  that,  in  addition  to  the 
information  already  asked  for  by  Mr.  H.R.Hoyt,  you  will  furnish  me 
with  the  following  information: 

1.  What  value  was  used  for  1000  mgm.  of  gold,  and  what  fine¬ 


2. '  'What  ton  was  used? 

3.  What  cubic  yardage  was  given  to  the  various  shafts? 

4.  In  estimating  the  value  per  cubio  yard  of  gravel  in  place 

was  the  tailings  value  credited  to  the  same? 

5.  What  was  the  weight  of  material  excavated  and  used  in 

shaft  3? 

6.  Why  are  two  sets  of  figures  given  for  shaft  15,  and  what 

yardage  and  depth  corresponds  to  material  excavated? 

7.  Were  yardage  values  figured  from  measurement  or  weight: 

yard?  **  ■*,a^ter>  what  weight  was  given  per  cubic 

I  trust  you  will  give  me  this  information  and  will  also  give 
me  the  information  which  has  been  asked  for  by  Mr.  H  R.Hoyt,  as  3oon 


as  you  can,  and  aa  I  understand  that  both  Messrs .Miller  and  Chap¬ 
man  are  now  at  Orange,  there  should  he  no  delay  in  letting  me  have 
this .  I  shpuld  like,  if  possible,  to  receive  it  before  Wednesday 
of  next  week. 


Appendage  to  report  of  T’iller  /c  Chapman 

Cunningham  Mesa,  Ortiz  Grant .  New  Sexico . 

Hie  following  data  and  information  is  given  in  compliance  with  the 
requests  of  T'eanrs.  Hoyt,  in  addition  and  further  explanation  of 
the  report,  previously  rendered. 

Hull  tables  giving  weights  of  gravel  and  gold,  and  values 
calculated  thereby  for  the  different  shafts  sampled  are  given  on 
separate  sheets. 

(1)  Question,  V/hat  value  was  used  for  1000  mgm.  of  gold  and  what 

Ana.  In  those  shafts,  namely  Nos.  2,  3,  4,  9,  10  and  13,  the  gravel 
from  which  was  run  through  the  T'ill,  the  finness  of  the  gold  was 
determined  by  fire  assay  for  each  shaft.  As  this  value  was  quite 
uniform  we  took  the  average,  namely  920  fine,  and  used  this  value 
for  determining  the  weight  of  pure  gold  in  those  shafts  which  v/ere 
only  sampled. 

The  value  of  gold  in  all  calculations  was  the  standard 
value  of  pure  gold,  namely ^iO. 67  \ents  per  Troy  ounce .  On  this 
basis  1000  mgm.  of  pure  gold  is  worth  66.40  cents,  the  actual 
value  used  in  the  calculations. 

(2)  Question.  7/hat  ton  was  used? 

Ans.  Short  ton,  2000  lbs. 

(3)  Question.  V/hat  cubic  yardage  was  given  to  the  various  shafts? 

Ans .  Shaft  #2  24.7  cubic  yards 

"  #3  35.6  »  » 

"  #4  11.3  "  » 

"  #10  24.3  »  " 

"  #13  8.1 


'  "  #15  53.1  »  «  (Down  to  S3  ft.) 

The  volumn  of  each  shaft  was  calculated  as  follows:  Two  or  more 
measurements  of  depth  were  taken,  also  measurements  of  the  size  of 



shaft  every  three  feet  from  surface  to  bottom.  The  average  depth 
and  the  average  length  and  width  were  used  in  determining  the  volume . 

(4)  Q,uest  ion.  In  estimating  the  value  per  cubic  yard  of  gravel  in 
place  was  the  tailings  value  credited  to  the  same? 

Ana.  It  v/as. 

(5)  Question,  "hat  was  the  weight  .of  material  excavated  and  used 
in  Shaft  #3. 

Ana.  Weight  of  all  material  oxoavatod  v/as  not  taken,  but  the  Mil 
size  unounted  to  31,900  lbs. 

The  reason  for  not  weighing  the  total,  gravel  was  this: 

Y/e  at  first  intended  to  measure  all  sizes  by  volume,  by  means  of 
oubio  feet  boxes  anddid  so  in  shaft  #3,  the  first  one  run  through 
the  2i ill .  This  v/as  found  very  unsatisfactory  and  inaccurate,  and 
accordingly  in  all  the  other  shafts  the  material  v/as  actually 
weighed  and  the  volume  calculated. 

The  value  per  ton  given  for  the  shaft  in  Table  #1  v/as 
calculated  on  the  basis  of  3000  lbs.  per  yd.  The  volume  per  cubic 
yard  given  is  based  on  the  volume  of  the  shaft  by  actual  measure¬ 
ment  of  depth  and  size. 

(6)  Question.  Y.hy  are  two  sets  of  figures  given  for  shaft  f/‘j  and  v/hat 
yardage  and  depth  correspond  to  material  excavated? 

Ann,  .  This  is  due  to  the  faot  that  only  the  first  fifty  feet  were 
run  through  the  Mill,  therefore  the  data  of  the  first  fifty  feet 
appears  in  Table  #1  of  the  Kill  rims.  The  shaft-  was  afterwards 
sunk  to  bed-rock  and  a  sample  taken  of  the  entire  shaft.  The  volume 
of  the  gravel  thus  determined  is  given  on  table  rZ. 

The  depth  corresponding  to  material  excavated,  as  given 
in  Table  #1  is  50  feet  and  the  volume  is  53.1  cubic  yards. 

(7)  Question.  Were  yardage  values  figured  from  measurement  or  weight, 
and  if  the  latter,  what  weight  was  given  for  cubic  yard? 

Ans.The  yardage  value  waB  calculated  from  the  actual  yardage  of  the 
shaft  determined  as  explained  above. 


Table  ITo.  2. 
Cunningham  I'esa, 


sample  lbs. 






















1114,  . 

Average . 


Gold  mgm, 






A.  3480,2  289, 

B.  3207,  74.1 

1000  ft,,  tunnel  1785,2  743,9 

Ritchie  Kill.  2123,9  68,24 

tier  ten, 

5.15  cent 

2.23  " 

0.36  " 

6.  " 

1,82  " 

3,4  " 

0,5  11 

1,67  " 

0,84  " 

0,58  11 

3,4 _ 

2.24  11 

11,04  " 

3.07  " 

05 .4  " 

4  ,27 


Table  Ho.  3. 

Caraohle  Plaoar. 

Assays  of  Samples  of  Shafts. 

Shaft  No.  V/t.  Sample  Wt.  Gold  Value  Ton 

_  lbs.  Mgm.  CentB. 

K  1  661.85 

K  2  311.4 

K  3  365.8 

K  4  1704.3 

K  5  250.9 

K  6  365.8 

7.7  1.55 

0.48  0.21 

4.7  1.71 

40.63  3.17 

4.68  2.48 

0.93  0.34 






Table  #4. 
Golden  Plaoer. 

Semple  No. 

Wt .  Sample 

Wt.  Gold 

Value  Ton  Rama 


0  1 



a  8 




G  3 




G  4 




G  5 




G  6 

17 77. 6 



G  7 

•  1153. 



o  a 







3.22  Average  Value. 

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■  yk/SM.: .  -June  14  th,  J,90 1.. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  New 
Dear  Sir: 

The  report  of  your  engineers,  Messrs.  Miller  and  Chapman, 
which  you  submitted  to  us  on  December  15th  last,  seems  to  us  to  re¬ 
quire  further  consideration  as  between  you  and  ourselves.  You  will 
recall  that  our  memorandum  of  agreement  provided  that  you  should  "work 
out  the  plans  and  devise  a  process  for  working  the  auriferous  mesa*- 
gravel  of  said  grant  without  the  use  of  water,  whereby  mills  of  10,000 
tons  capacity  per  day  of  twenty  hours -can  be  successfully  operated* " 

We  on  our  side  agreed  to  "construct  an  experimental  mill  from. plans  and 
specifications  furnished  by  you"  and  to  pay  the  expenses  of  operating 
the  same,  and  that  the  total  cost  should  not  exceed  $15,000. 

That  we  built  this  mill  you  know  and  that  your  engineers 
were  on  the  ground  in  charge  of  construction  and  operation  for  nine 
months  you  also  know.  The  net  result  to  us,  so  far,  is  a  report  of 
your  engineers  which  states  that  "it  is  only  necessary  to  look  over 
the  column  showing  the  percentage  of  gold  saved  on  Table  1  to  get  a 
clear  idea  of  the  high  efficiency  of  the  process."  This  column  in 
Table  1  is  called  fo  of  saving  and  gives  the  ratio  between  "height  of 
gold  in  concentrates"  and  weight  of  gold  in: -tailings",  the  average  of 
which  is  92.2 fo. 

We  understood  that  the  mill  at  Dolores  was  a  mill  with  a 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  _2_ 

capacity  per  day  of  fifty  tons  and  that  any  larger  mill  would  be  a 
multiple  of  the  present  one,  except,  possibly,  as  the  power  for  driv¬ 
ing  it.  We  are  nowhere  informed  whether  the  capacity  per  day  has  ever 
been  tested,  although  the  mill  was  from  May  7th  to  August  15th,  1900, 
run  on  "preliminary  tests"  of  which  we  have  no  record  or  further  men¬ 
tion  whatever.  Then,  according  to  the  report,  "on  August  15th,  work 
was  begun  on  the  shafts  sunk  by  Mr.  Burn  at  the  head  of  the  mesa  for 
the  mill  tests."  it  therefore  appears  that  for  over  three  months 
the  machinery  was  being  operated  presumably  to  get  it  into  proper 
working  order. 

The  mill  tests  began  on  August  ,15th  and  the  mill  was  shut 
down  on  or  about  November  1st,  having  been  run  about  two  months  and  a 
half,  and  during  this  time  there  was  treated  in  the  mill  the  total  of 
198,457  lbs.,  or  less  than  100  tons,  or  at  the  rate  of  about  1.6  tons 
per  working  day.  Is  this  then  the  capacity  of  the  mill? 

As  to  cost  of  operation  we  have  no  knowledge  whatever  and 
repeated  inquiries  have  failed  to  bring  even  a  reply  to  our  questions 
on  this  point. 

It  seems  to  us  that  the  questions  of  output  and  cost  are  Just 
as  important  parts  of  "efficiency"  as  the  ^'of  saving  and  are  elements 
which  should  have  been  determined  and  submitted  to  us.  The  %  of  sav¬ 
ing  element  even  we  consider  more  than  doubtful  as  we  believe  it  to 
have  been  determined  by  methods  other  than  those  mentioned  in  the  "re¬ 
port.  » 

We  would  very  much  like  to  have  an  expression  of  your  views, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. ,  _3„ 

at  length,  on  any  and  all  of  the  above  subjects,  as  we  are  at  the 
present  time  not  at  all  convinced  that  such  a  process  has  been  de¬ 
vised  and  completed  as  was  contemplated  in  the  memorandum  of  agreement 
above  referred  to. 

Yours  truly, 

1901.  Motion  Pictures  (D-01-28) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
production  and  commercial  development  of  motion  picture  films.  Included  are 
documents  pertaining  to  litigation  against  or  negotiations  with  competing  firms, 
such  as  the  Kleine  Optical  Co.,  the  American  Mutoscope  &  Biograph  Co.,  and 
the  Armat  Motion  Picture  Co.  Among  the  correspondents  are  William  E. 
Gilmore,  vice  president  and  general  manager  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.; 
James  H.  White,  manager  of  the  Film  Department;  and  the  law  firm  of  Dyer,’ 
Edmonds  &  Dyer. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-01-22  (Exhibitions). 


•  •  ,e^ 


sLJ/tffJL,^,  ^fiecuiAf.  ^cu/JrJ. 

/W"^  '»#*->&*■ 

^PZiev  anuar  y 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange , 




21,  1901. 

Dear  Sir,- 

In  all  suits  which  we  have  heretofore  brought  in 
Chicago,  and  to  some  extent  in  other  places,  for  infringe¬ 
ment  of  kinetograph  patents,  we  have  had  to  file  a  bond 
as  security  for  costs.  In  the  former  oases,  such  bonds 
have  been  executed  by  Mr.  Insull.  We  desire  hereafter, 
however,  to  file  surety,  company  bonds,  since  this  can  be 

done  at  an  annual  cost  of  five  dollars  for  each  bond. 

We  therefore  beg  to  enclose  herewith  blank  indemnity 
agreements,  which  kindly  sign  and  return  to  us  to  be 
filled  up  and  used  as  the  occasion  requires.  The  amount 
of  the  bond  usually  required  is  two  hundred  dollars  in 
each  case.  Kindly  have  your  signature  attested  by 
Mr.  Randolph,  as  indicated  on  each  agreement. 

Yours  truly, 



THIS  AGREEMENT  made  this  c2  day  of  May,  1901 

between  EDISON  MANUFACTURING  COMPANY,  a  New  Jersey  corpor¬ 
ation  having  its  principal  place  of  business  at  Orange, New 
Jersey, (hereinafter  referred  to  as  "said  Edison  Company") 
party  of  the  first  part,  and  KLEINE  OPTICAL  COMPANY,  an  Il¬ 
linois  corporation  having  its  principal  place  of  business 
at  Chicago,  Illinois  (hereinafter  referred  to  as  "said 
Kleine  Company"),  j 


WHEREAS,  said  Kleine  Company  did,  on  the  * - - —  | 

day  of  May,  1901,  enter  into  a  certain  agreement  in  writing 
with  John  F.  Byrnes  of  Chicago,  Illinois,  a  copy  of  which  is, 
hereto  annexed  and  marked  "Schedule  A";  and 

WHEREAS,  the  said  agreement  was  entered  into  by 
said  Kleine  Company  for  the  use  and  benefit  of  said  Edison 
Company  and  in  pursuance  of  a  plan  between  the  parties  hereto, j 
the  terms  and  conditions  of  which  it  is  the  purpose  of  • 

this  writing  to  set  forth  and  specify: 

NOW, THEREFORE,  it  is  agreed  as  follows :- 

I.  Said  Edison  Company  agrees  that  it  will  furnish  to  saidj 

Kleine  Company,  for  the  use  of  said  Byrnes,  the  Kinetographic  < 
camera  and  the  negative  film  stock  referred  to  in  the  i 

said  agreement.  j 

II.  Said  Kleine  Company  covenants  and  agrees  that  all  ne-  | 


gative  ;  films  made  by  said  Byrnes  and  accepted  by  it  shall 
be  promptly  forwarded  to  siid  Edison  Company  at  Orange, 

N.J.,  and  shall  be  and  remain  the  property  of  said  Edison  j 
Company.  j. 

III.  Said  Edison  Company  covenants  and  agrees  that 
v/ithin  a  reasonable  time  after  the  receipt  by  it  of  the 
negative  films  specified  in  the  last  preceding  section 
hereof,  it  will  fully  reimburse  saiid  Kleine  Optical  Company 
for  the  payments  made  by  it  to  said  Byrnes  for  such  negative 
films  at  the  rate  specified  in  the  annexed  agreement.  It  fur¬ 
ther  covenants  that  it  will  make  and  deliver  to  said  Kleine 
Company  such  positive  films  from  the  said  photographic 
negatives  as  said  Kleine  Company  may  order,  charging  there¬ 
fore  at  its  present  established  rate. 

IV.  This  agreement  may  be  terminated  by  said 

Edison  Company  at  any  time  by  thirty  days'  notice  in  writing 
deposited  in  the  postoffice  at  Orange,  N.«T,  and  directed  to 
the  said  Kleine  Company  at  its  last  known  place  of  address. 
Such  termination,  however,  shall  not  extinguish  or  in 
anywise  influence  any  claim  of  the  said  Edison  Company  upon 
said  Kleine  Company  arising  out  of  this  agreement.  In  the 
event  of  such  termination,  said  Kleine  Company  covenants 
and  agrees  that  it  will  terminate  the  annexed  agreement 
in  accordance  with  the  provisions  thereof,  and  will  recover 
possession  of  the  kinatographic  camera  herein  referred  to 
and  of  the  unexposed  negative  film  stock  remaining  in  the 
possession  of  said  Byrnes  at  the  time  of  the  termination  of 
the  said  agreement  with  him,  and  will  well  and  truly  deliver 
the  said  camera  and  film  stock  to  the  said  Edison  Company, 
free  from  any  and  all  liens  or  encumbrances  of  any  nature 

In  witness  whereof  the  parties  have  caused  their 
names  and  sealis-'to  ••  be  affixed  by  their  proper  officers. 
thereiSnto  duly  authorized,  the  date  first  above  written. 

'  THIS  AGREEMENT  made  this  £ a  ’“'day  of  May,  1901 
“  between  KLEINE  OPTICAL  C0MPANY,  an  Illinois  corporation  dom¬ 
iciled  at  Chicago,  (hereinafter  referred  to  as  "Said  Company"),  j 
!  party  of  the  first  part,  and  JOHN  F.  BYRNES,  also  of  said 
Chicago  (hereinafter  referred  to  as  "Said  Byrnes"),  party 
|  of  the  second  part, 


WHEREAS,  said  Company  is  engaged  in  the  exploitation 
of  photographic  films  suitable  for  reprdductlon  in  exhibiting 
machines,  such  as  the  kinetoscope,  and  said  Byrnes  is 
desirous  of  procuring  from  said  Company  a  kinetographic 
‘  camera  and  employing  the  same  for  the  production  of  photo- 

■  graphic  negatives  from  which  such  films  may  be  produced, 

!  all  in  the  interest  of  said  Company  and  >.ipon  certain  terms 
and  conditions  ,  which  it  is  the  purpose  of  this  writing  to 
i  specify;  I 

NOW  ,  THEREFORE,  it  is  agreed  as  follows 

I,  Said  Company  agrees  that  upon  the  execution  and 

delivery  of  this  agreement  and  of  the  bond  hereinafter  pro- 
vided  for,  it  will  loan  to  said  Byrnes,  and  permit  him  to  ■ 

!  retain  during  the  operation  hereof,  one  Edison  kinetographic  i 
i  camera  suitable  for  the  production  of  photographic  negatives,  ; 
and.  that  during  the  operation  hereof,  it  will  deliver  i 


1  to  said  Byrnes  such  quantities  as  may  be  required  of  unex-  j 
posed  film  stock,,  properly  perforated,  for  use  in  connection  | 

■  with  said  camera.  ; 

II.  Said  Byrnes  covenants  and  agrees  that  he  will  recoivej 

said  camera  and  film  stock  from  the  said  Company  and  j 

-will  use  the  sane  only  in  accordance  with  the  provisions  of 
;|  this  agreement.  He  further  covenants  and  agrees  that  upon 
•j  the  termination  hereof  as  hereinafter  specified,  he  will  well 
I  and  truly  deliver  over  to  said  Company,  in  good  order  and  re- 
j pair  and  free  from  any  lien  or  encumbrance  of  whatsoever  j 

'  nature,  the  said  kinetographic  camera  and  such  film  stock, 
furnished  by  said  Company,  as  may  remain  in  his  hands 
or  under  his  control  and  unexposed. 

III.  It  is  further  mutually  covenanted  and  agreed 
that  all  photographic  negatives  for  use  in  exhibiting  ma¬ 
chines,  made  by  the  said  Byrnes  during  the  operation  hereof, 
shall  be  profnp.'tly  offered  by  him  to  said  Company  upon  the  terms, 
hereinafter  specified,  and  that  said  Company  will  within  a 
reasonable  time  thereafter  notify  said  Byrnes  of  its  accep-  < 
tanco  or  Rejection  of  such  photographic  negatives.  All 
photographic  negatives  so  offered  by  said  Byrnes  and  which  j 
may  bo  rejected  by  said  Company  shall  be  returned  to  said  Byrnes 
upon  his  demandand  upon  the  payment  by  him  for  the  film  stock  | 
tided  in  the  preparation  of  such  negatives,  such  payment 

to  be  made  at  the  rate  of  eight  cents  per  foot,  whereupon  j 

such  rejected  negative  or  negatives  shall  become  the  property  : 
of  said  Byrnes,  free  from  any  lien  of  said  Company  hereunder,  i 

IV.  Said  Company  covenants  and  agrees  th$t  for  all  j 
photographic  negatives  offered  by  said  Byrnes  and  accepted 

by  it,  it  will  well  and  truly  pay  jio  him,  seid  Byrnes, 
within  a  reasonable  time  after  such  acceptance,  the  sum  of 
Pi f teen  Dollars  ($15)  for  each  photographic  negative  fifty 
ffe  et  in  length,  and  for  greater  lengths  in  this  proportion. 

It  also  covenants  and  agrees  that  after  positive  photographic 

films  8 hall  have  been  made  from  such  negatives,  it  will  sell 
such  positives  to  the  said  Byrnes  in  such  quantities  as  he 
[may  desire,  at  the  rate  of  $6.50  for  each  film  of  fifty  (50>) 

i  feet  in  length,  greater  length  in  the  same  proportion. 

|j  V.  It  is  further  covenanted  and  agreed,  that 

[•with  respect  to  all  special  subjects  the  negatives  of  which 
:  may  be  made  by  said  Byrnes,  he  will  pay  ah id  Company  for  the 
'I  film  stock  used  therein  at  the  rate  of  eight  cents  per  foot 
ij  and  that  said  Company  will  furnish  to  him,  said  Byrnes, 

ii  positive  photographic  films  made  from  such  negatives  at  the 
;  rate  of  Twenty  Dollars  (§20.)  per  positive  film  of  one 

;!  hundred  feet  in  length,  less  a  special  discount  to  him,  said 
1  Byrnes,  of  twenty-five  percent  (25$). 

j  VI.  Said  Byrnes,  covenants  and  agrees  that  upon  the 
«|  execution  and  delivery  hereof,  he  will  furnish  to  said 
;j  Company  a  bond  in  the  sum  of  Five  thousand  Dollars  (§5,000.), 
as  surety  for  the  return- to  said  Company  of  the  kinetograph- 
:  ic  camera  hereinbefore  referred  to  and  such  unexposed  nega- 
|  tive  film  stock  as  may  be  furnished  him  by  said  Company  in 
•!  accordance  with  the  provisions  hereof. 

Vll .  It  is  further  mutually  covenanted  that  this 
agreement  may  be  terminated  by  the  said  Company  at  any  time 
upon  thirty  days'  notice  in  writing  deposited  in  the  post-- 
ij  office  and  directed  to  said  Byrnes  at  his  last  known  placs 
[of  address.  Such  termination,  however,  shall  not  operate 
j!  to  extinguish  or  in  anywise  influence  any  claim  of  either 
I  party  growing  out  of  the  provisions  hereof  and  arising  prior 
l  to  the  date  of  such  notice,  no*  shall  such  termination  prej¬ 
udice  or  in  anywise  influence  the  right  of  said  Company  to 
jl  said  klnetographic  camera  and  to  all  unejqjosed  negative 


film  stock  supplied  by  it  under  the  provisions  hereof. 

IN  WITNESS  WHEREOF,  said  Byrnes  has  hereto  set  his  hand 
and  seal,  and  said  Company  has  caused  it3  name  and  seal 
to  be  affixed  by  its  proper  officer  thereunto  duly  authorized. 

State  of  Illinois,  :  I 

County  of  Cook.  : 

«4 U’-Jj  »  a  Notary  Public  in 

and  for  the  County  and  State  aforesaid,  do  hereby  certify 
that  George  Kleine,  President  of  the  Kleine  Optical  Company, 
personally  known  to  me  to  be  the  same  person  whose  name  is 
subscribed  to  the  foregoing  writing  as  such  President  and 
to  be  such  President,  appeared  before  me  this  day  in  person  and 
acknowledged  that  he  signed,  sealed  and  delivered  the  said 
writing  as  the  free  and  volimtary  act  of  said  Kleine  Optical 
Company  and  as  his  own  free  and  voluntary  act  as  such 
President,  for  the  used  and  purposes  therein  set  forth.  i 

Given  under  my  hand  and  official  seal,  this  ^ ° 

ji  day  of  May  A.D.  1901 

I  “5“  1 

ji State  of  Illinois,  : 
ij County  of  Cook.  : 

I  1 >  ,  a  Hotary  Public  in 

ij  and  for  the  County  and  State  Aforesaid,  do  hereby  certify 
I  that  John  ?.  Byrnes,  personally  known  to  me  to  he  the 
i person  whose  name  is  subscribed  to  the  foregoing  writing, 
j appeared  before  me  this  day  in  person  and  acknowledged  that 
I: he  signed,  sealed  and  delivered  the  said  writing  as  his  free 
ij  and  voluntary  act,  for  the  uses  and  purposes  therein  set 
,i  forth. 

|!  Given  under  my  hand  and  official  seal,  this 
;[  day  of  May  A.B.  1901 


That  the  undersigned,  John  F.  Byrnes,  of  Chicago, 
Illinois,  as  principal,  and 

O  t  zfc.  fj  ^  f  as  surety,  are  hold 

and  firmly  bound  unto  KLEINE  OPTICAL  COMPANY  of  Chicago, 
Illinois,  in  the  sum  of  Five  thousand  Dollars  ($5,000),  to  be 
paid  to  the  said  Klaine  Optical  Company,  and  for  the  pay¬ 
ment  of  which  well  and  truly  to  be  made  the  undersigned 
bind  thomeelves  and  each  of  them,  and  their  heirs,  execu¬ 
tors  and  administrators,  firmly  by  these  presents. 

Sealed  with  our  seals  and  dated  the  £-Z>  day  of 
May,  1901. 

WHEREAS ,  the  above-named  John  F.  Byrnes  and  the  above  - 
named  Kleins  Optical  Company  have  entered  into  a  certain 
agreement  in  writing  bearing  even  date  te rewith,  and  to  which 
this  bond  is  annexed  or  intended  to  be  annexed; 

NOW,  THEREFORE,  the  condition  of  this  obligation \is 
such  that  if  the  above-named  John  F.  Byrnes  shall6  well 
and  truly  perform  every  aid  all  obligation  by  him  under¬ 
taken,  assumed  or  expressed  in  the  said  agreement,  and  shall, 
on  the  termination  of  said  agreement,  well  and  truly  turn 
over  in  good  order  arid  repair  and  free  from  any  lien  or 
encumbrance  of  any  nature  whatsoever,  to  said  Kleine  Optical 
Company,  the  kinetographic  camera  and  all  unexposed  film 
stock,  both  said  camera  and  said  film  stock  having  been 
furnished  to  him 


by  said  Kleine  Optical  Company,  then  And  in  that  event 
this  obligation  shall  be  void;  otherwise  the  same  shall  be 
and  remain  in  full  force  and  effect. 


State  of  Illinois,  : 

:ss : 

County  of  Cook.  : 

I>  ,  a  Notary  Public  in  and 

for  the  County  and  State  aforesaid,  do  hereby  certify  that 
JOHN  F.  BYRNES ,  personally  known  to  me  to  be  the  person 
whose  name  ie  subscribed  to  the  foregoing  writing  ,  appeared 
before  me  this  day  in  person  and  acknovrledged  that  he  signed, 
sealed  and  delivered  the  said  writing  as  his  free  and  vol¬ 
untary  act,  for  the  uses  and  purposes  therAin  set  forth. 

Oisen  under  my  hand  and  official  seal,  this 

day  of  May  A.D.  1901, 


I  received  a  letter  from  Mr  Pelaer  telling  me 
thC  that  Jud6e  Wheeler  has  sustained  the  Kinetograph 

Patent  .A  Asrl  understand  it,  that  will  give  you  a  monopoly  in 
the  United  States  of  the  moving  picture  business.  Will  it  not 
be  worth  while  to  spend  a  little  more  money  now  in  getting  out 

be  worth  wnile  to  spend  a  little  more  money  now  in  getting  out 
a  better  class  of  films?  I  was  surprised  to  find  what  good 
films  they  have  here  and  in  Paris,  they  are  very  clear  and  with 
no  jumps.  Whenever  any  important  even  happens  like  the  Henley 
Boat  Race,  the  films  are  on  the  market  within  two  clayB  after- 

I  have  been  here  at  work  over  the  new  type  Phonograph 
for  this  market,  but  am  coming  to  the  conclusion  that  still 
further  changes  must  be  made  and  that  you  must  give  up  the 
speaker  with  the  floating  weight,  as  probably  a  preliminary 
injunction  would  be  got  against  it.  In  its  place  can  be  sub¬ 
stituted  speakers  with  the  diaphragm  floating  or  the  entire 
speaker  floating,  :  like  Itfie  one  used  by  the  Graphophone .  This  last 
construction  would  be  preferable  as  in  this  climate  the  small 
metal  hinges  are  very  apt  to  rust.  There  are  many  complaints 
that  the  automatic  speaker  gets  out  of  order  on  that  account. 

There  are  one  or  two  other  minor  changes  that  will  be  necessary 
which  I  will  tako  up  with  you  when  I  get  back.  I  expect  to 
be  back  on  August  19th,  and  at  the  office  read’/'  for  business 
on  the  20th. 



I  wish  you  would  read  over  this  communication  from  Mr.  Daniel, 
who  is  associated  with  the  Armat  Go.  They  seem  to  have  their  statistic 
down  fine.  After  you  have  read  it  over,  I  want  you  to  take  it  up  with 
Mr,  Edison  on  his  return,  giving  him  such  information  as  you  know  about 
it.  So  far  as  I  am  personally  concerned,  I  will  answer  each  paragraph 

1.  I  know  nothing  about  the  exhibit  made  at  the  Atlanta 

Z.  I  know  nothing  about  Mr.  C-ammon's  visit  to  Washington  to 
see  the  exhibit  referred  to. 

3.  I  know  nothing  about  statements  made  by  Mr.  Gammon,  nor 
did  I  understand  that  any  contract  had  been  entered  into  with  Raff 

&  Gannon,  dated  Jan.  10th,  1896. 

4.  I  remember  having  my  attention  brought  to  the  machine  on 

exhibit  at  253  Broadway. 

5.  I  do  not  know  about  any  order  being  given  Mr.  Armat  to  build 
three  machines  for  Raff  &  Gammon.  If  they  did  so,  then  I  was  not  famil¬ 
iar  with  the  transaction,  nor  did  I  understand  that  one  of  the  three 
was  to  be  a  model  for  us  to  build  from. 

6.  What  he  states  in  this  is  doubtless  the  fact,  but  I  think  you 
are  more  acquainted  with  this  than  I  am. 

7.  If  Raff  &  Ganmon  attached  Mr.  Edison's  name  to  the  so-called 
Vitascope ,  it  was  done  without  any  authority  from  either  him  or  myself, 
as  Mr.  Edison  has  always  been  opposed  to  having  his  name  attached  to 
anything  with  which  he  was  not  familiar,  and  I  am  sure  that  at  this 
time  he  was  not  familiar  with  this  instrument,  except  that  I  may  have 
spoken  to  him  about  it.  Any  correspondence  that  took  place  between 

Armat  a  rid  Raff  &  Gamnon  was  without  my  knowledge. 

8.  I  do  not  know  anything  about  an  arrangement  between  Messrs.  ,|| 

Raff  '&  Gammon  and  Armat  as  to  our  ‘building  80  machine s .  We  did  build 
seme  machines,  but  the  number  I  do  not  recollect  now.  The  books  will 
show,  however, 

9.  I  did  not  know  Christopher  Armat  inspected  our  machines  him¬ 
self;  possibly  he  did,  but  I  have  no  recollection  of  it. 

10.  I  believe  that  Armat  did  operate  the  machine  at  the  time  it 
was  exhibited  here  for  Mr.  Edison's  benefit  and  such  other  people  as  we 
may  have  brought  itL.  If  the  statement  was  by  Raff  &  Gammon  to 
Armat  that  the  exhibition  was  to  decide  whether  Mr.  Edison  was  to 
allow  the  use  of  his  name  in  connection  with  it,  I  know  nothing  about 
it,  and  I  am  certain  that  Mr.  Edison  did  not  look  at  it  from  that  stand¬ 

11.  Any  correspondence  on  the  subject  referred  to  between  Messrs. 
Raff  &  Gammon  and  Armat  was  of  their  own  doings  and  without  consulta¬ 
tion  with  us. 

12.  You  have  copies  of  the  Armat  patent  and  if  Mr.  Edison  decides 
to  have  them  thoroughly  gone  through  and  a  full  report  submitted  by  Dyer 
Edmonds  &  Dyer,  then  go  ahead  and  have  this  done  so  that  he  can  act 
intelligently  v/hen  he  returns. 

13.  I  have  no  comment  to  make,  as  I  believe  that  what  they  state 
is  the  fact. 

14.  There  is  no  comment  necessary. 

The  only  thing  that  I  can  say  in  connection  with  this  is,  that 
when  you  show  this  memo,  to  Mr.  Edison  you  want  to  at  the  same  time 
be  prepared  to  show  him  the  model  machine  with  the  claw  movement,  the 
same  as  the  one  I  looked  at  yesterday,  and  he  can  tell  by  examination 
whether  he  considers  it  infringes  the  patents  or  not.  Of  course  you 
should  have  the  patents  handy.  There  is  a  possibility  that  Mr.  Edison 
may  answer  the  letter  that  I  wrote  him  under  date  this  subject, 

advising  me  to  have  Dyer,  Edmonds  &  Dyer  make  a  full  report.  In  that 

cas6',  lie  will  of  course  be  able  to  decide  definitely  whether  he  cares  to 
carry  on  any  further  negotiations  with,  these  people  or  not. 

In  the  meantime,  I  have  written  Eolbeor,  instructing  him  to 
send  you  a  full  report  on  the  Armat  Motion  Picture  Co.,  so  that  Mr. 
Edison  will  know  about  its  commercial  condition.  I  am  under  the 
impression  that  it  is  away  aver  capitalized,  and,  consequently,  I  con¬ 
sider  it  nothing  more  or  less  than  a  stock- jobbing  scheme. 


W.  E.  G. 


Standard  Rice  Company; 

63-65  Wall  St. 

ykw-Ybwir.  July  31,  1901.  inn 

Dear  Mr.  Oilmore:- 

It  ooourred  to  me  after  the  talk  I  had  vrith  you  the  other 
day  that  it  would  bo  well  to  prepare  a  suooinot  statemwnt  of  the  Arraat 
oaee  and  let  it  aooompany  the  four  patents  which  you  are  to  submit  to 
your  lawyers.  I  consequently  enolose  suoh  a  summary,  and  will  take  it 
as  a  special  favor  if  you  pass  it  on  to  your  lawyers  through  the  hands 
of  Mr.  Edison. 

You  can  address  me  as  above. 

With  kind  regards, 

Very  truly  yours, 



1.  By  the  month  of  September,  1895,  the  motion  picture 
machine  was  so  far  developed  that  a  successful  exhibition  was 
given  at  that  date  in  the  Midway  at  the  Atlanta  Exposition  by 
Thomas  Armat.  The  machine  so  exhibited  wa3  covered  at  the  time 
.by  a  patent  application  which  afterwards  became  U.  S.  patent 
No.  586,953.  The  machine  was  subsequently  still  further  protect 
ec  by  applications  upon  which  were  issued  patents  Nos.  578r185, 
580’, 7 49  and  673,998. 

8.  In  December,  1895,  one  of  these  machines  was  exhibited 
at  the  inventor1 s  office  on  P  St.  to  Mr.  Gammon  of  the  firm  of 
Raff  &  Gammon  of  New  Yorlc ,  who  had  brought  out  the  Edison  kin- 
etoscope.  This  kinetoscope  machine  was  constructed  on  such 
a  radically  different  principal  that  it  was  utterly  inoperative 
for  projecting  purposes. 

3.  When  Mr.  Gammon  first  inspected  the  machine  at  the  of¬ 
fice  on  P  St.  he  said  he  had  heard  of  it  at  Atlanta  but  did  not 
believe  that  it  was  possible  for  anyone  to  produce  a  successful 
projecting  machine,  as  Raff  &  Gammon  had  been  after  Mr.  Edison 
for  nearly  a  year  to  get  them  up  a  projecting  machine,  that  he 
had  failed  to  do  it  and  that  they  did  not  believe  anyone  else 
would  succeed.  The  result  of  Mr.  Gammon's  trip  to  Washington 
was  a  contract  dated  January  10,  1896,  under  which  they  under¬ 
took  to  exploit  the  machine. 

4.  About  the  1st  of  February,  1896,  Thomas  Armat  took 
to  New  York  one  of  the  machines  which  he  3et  up  in  the  Postal 
Telegraph  Building  where  exhibitions  were  given  to  large  numbers 
of  people  whom  Messrs.  Raff  &  Gammon  sought  to  interest  in  the 
machine.  Among  others  Mr.  Gilmore  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing 
Company  was  a  visitor. 



then  exhibited  in  the  Postal  Telegraph  Building.  Of  these  three 
machines  one  was  to  be  used  by  the  Edison  people  as  a  model  and 
two  were  to  be  used  in  giving  public  exhibitions  at  Roster  & 
Bial's  theatre. 

6.  April  5,  1896,  the  first  successful  theatrical  exhibi¬ 
tion  ever  given  in  this  country  of  motion  pictures  was  given 

at  Roster  &  Bial's  theatre  in  New  York,  the  machine  being  run 
personally  by  Thomas  Armat. 

7.  The  above  exhibition  was  prior  to  the  issue  of  any  pat¬ 
ent.  The  name  used  for  the  machine  was  the  Edison  Vitascope. 

This  name  was  adopted  upon  the  personal  solicitation  of  Messrs. 
Raff  &  Gammon  who  argued  that  the  use  of  Edison's  name  would 
bring  the  machine  immediately  into  publio  esteem.  The  date  of 
this  letter  was  March  5,  1896, and  in  part  reads  as  follows:  'Thos, 
Armat Esti. ,  Washington,  D.  0.  Dear  sir:  .  .  .  m  order  to 
secure  the  largest  profit  in  the  shortest  time  it  is  necessary 
that  we  attach  Mr.  Edbon's  name  in  some  prominent  capacity  to 
this  new  machine.  While  Mr.  Edison  has  no  desire  to  pose  as 

the  inventor  of  the  machine,  yet  we  think  we  can  arrange  with 
him  for  the  use  of  his  name.  ...  We  regard  this  simply  as  a 
matter  of  business  and  trust  you  will  view  it  strictly  in  this 
light,  etc.  .  .  .  signed  Raff  &  Gammon." 

8.  Mr.  Armat  having  consented  to  the  use  of  Mr.  Edison's 
name  in  connection  with  the  machine  for  advertising  purposes 
Messrs.  Raff  &  Gammon  then  arranged  that  80  of  the  machines 
should  be  built  at  the  Edison  works  after  the  model  sent  to 
the  Edison  works  by  Thomas  Armat. 

9.  Thomas  Armat  ran  the  machine  at  Roster  &  Bial's  for 
one  week.  Christopher  Armat  then  took  his  place  and  every  day 
he  visited  the  Edison  works  to  superintend  the  successful  build¬ 
ing  of  the  80  Armat  machines  there  being  constructed. 

10.  Thomas  Armat  was  personally  not  present, at  the  Edison 
wrks  except  on  one  occasion  in  February  or  March,  when  he  con¬ 
ducted  a  private  exhibition  at'  the  works.  There  were  present 

a  number  of  reporters  of  the  Metropolitan  press,  Mr.  Gilmore 


and  Mr.  Edison.  Among  the  films  shown  on  this  occasion  were 
the  Annabelle  dance  and  the  coochee-ooochee  dance.  This  was 
the  first  time  Mr.  Edison  had  seen  an  exhibition  of  pictures 
projected  on  a  soreen.  This  fact  is  also  set  forth  in  a  letter 
from  Raff  &  Gammon  to  Mr.  Armat.  On  the  occasion  in  question 
he  examined  the  pictures  critically,  walking  up  at  one  time  un¬ 
til  within  two  feet  of  the  soreen.  The  object  of  the  exhibi¬ 
tion  was  for  him  to  pass  upon  the  success  of  the  machine  and  de¬ 
cide  whether  he  would  permit  the  use  of  hi3  name  in  connection 
with  it  at  the  solicitation  of  Messrs.  Raff  &  Gammon. 

11.  we  have  a  letter  from  MEssrs.  Raff  &  Gammon  in  which 
the  writer  states  that  he  had  been  after  Mr.  Edison  for  a  long 
time  to  get  tip  a  successful  projecting  machine  but  that  he  had 
never  done  so  and  so  far  as  known  Mr.  Edison  has  never  claimed 
that  he  produced  a  projecting  machine  prior  to  the  date  when 

he  saw  the  Armat  machine  nor  after  that  date  except  on  the  model 
furnished  him  originally  by  Thomas  Armat. 

12.  The  Armat  patents  cover  the  following  points  in  the 
successful  projeotion  of  motion  pictures: 

(a)  Means  for  making  the  period  of  illumination  greater 

^  than  the  period  of  change.  (No.  586,953.) 

(b)  Means  for  forming  a  loop  in  the  film  ahe&deofiethe  ten¬ 
sion  plate  so  that  the  film  can  be  moved  with  great 
rapidity  without  wear  on  the  film.  (673,992.) 

(c)  The  best  mechanical  means  for  making  an  intermittent 
feed.  This  includes  both  the  star  wheel  and  the  ec¬ 
centric  feed.  (Nos.  578,185  and  580,749) 

It  is  believed  that  the  first  two  of  the  above  points  are 

absolutely  essential  in  any  successful  projection  of  animated 
photography.  The  last  point,  while  not  absolutely  essential, 
oovers  the  means  universally  used  for  making  the  intermittent 
movement . 

13.  The  last  patent  issued  to  Thomas  Armat  May  14,  1901, 
No.  673,992,  was  fought  through  the  Patent  Office  and  through 
the  Distriot  Court  of  Appeals  in  interference  with  Herman  eas¬ 
ier,  assigned  to  the  American  Mutoscope  &  Biograph  Company,  and  ' 
Woodville  Latham,  assigned  to  the  E.  &  H.  T.  Anthony  Company. 


Mr.  Armat  reoeived  three  straight  decisions  before  the  Board  of 
Appeals  of  the  Patent  Office,  then  before  the  Commissioner  of 
Patents  artd  then  in  the  Court  of  Appeals,  whose  decision  wa s 
final.  The  testimony  in  this  oase  is  contained  in  three  bound 
volumes  and  the  file  was  very  large.  Pour  years  were  consumed 
in  securing  a  final  decision.  The  Mutoscope  &  Biograph  Company 
fought  the  case  with  a  vigor  and  persistence  which  left  no 
stone  unturned.  On  the  adverse  decision  of  the  Commissioner 
of  Patents  they  dropped  out  and  E.  &  H.  T.  Anthony  carried  it 

14.  .in  view  of  this  record  Mr.  Armat  is  willing  to  submit 
his  case  to  the  unbiassed  judgment  of  any  just  and  competent 
man.  He  believes  that  all  the  above  facts  are  well  Known  to 
Mr.  Edison  and  Mr.  Gilmore  with  this  qualification,  that  he  be¬ 
lieves  Mr.  Edison  and  Mr.  Gilmore  to  both  be  very  busy  men,  whose 
minds  are  absorbed  in  large  enterprises  and  who  have  not  Kept 
a  special  tab  on  the  motion  picture  patents  and  the  motion  pio- 
tue  business.  There  may  be  some  confusion  existing  in  their 
minds  in  regard  to  the  old  Edison  Kinetoscopepatent  and  its 
relevancy  as  an  anticipation. of  the  Armat  inventions.  Mr.  Armat 
believes  that  a  calm  and  unprejudiced  consideratd  on  of  the  above 
record  will  convince  both  of  those  gentlemen  that  the  facts  are 
as  stated  above. 


^The  Consolidated  Company  will  be  the  owner  of  the  following  pater 

United  States. 

No.  586,953,  No.  673,992,  No.  578,185,  No.  580,749. 

No.  581,900  {  serial  No.  )  pending. 

No.  673,348  (  serial  No.  )  pending. 

Patents  on  projecting  machines  in  England,  Canada,  Prance, 
Austria  and  Germany. 

Belgium,  No.  155,729,  1901. 

England,  No.  10,050,  1900. 

Prance,  No.  301,167,  1900. 

Canada,  pending,  filed  March,  1901. 

Russia,  pending,  filed  March,  1901. 

Italy,  pending,  filed,  March,  1901. 

Germany,  pending,  filed  March,  1900. 


No.  588,916,  covering  parlor  kinetoscopes . 

No.  627,930,  covering  slot  paper  film  kinetoscopes. 

Such  patents  as  the  Mutoscope  &  Biograph  Co.  may  have. 

The  combined  assets  of  these  companies  estimated  at 

Patent  and  Patent  Rights,  $1,000,000. 

Preferred  6%  Treasury  Stock  100,000. 

Cash,  bills  and  accounts  receivable  -  30,000.' 

Plants,  Mutoscopes,  projecting  machines  &  etc.  360, 000 . 


Income  from  gross  earnings  $8., 500  per  month,  about  $102,000. 




S.  Brooke  Daniel> 

Vice-President  Standard  Rice  Co., 

63  -  65  Wall  Street,. New  York  City. 

Wm.  E.  Gilmore, 

President  Edison  Manufacturing  Co,  (representing  Thomas  A. 

New  York  City. 

Thomas  Armat , 

Inventor  and  Technician, 

Washington,  D.  C. 

The  other  directors  will  be  selected  by  the  parties  in  inter¬ 

est  and  will  be  strong 

/ur/m/  u/.A,  9J/yr/ : 

firwA*  j£.&yer 

'  J/AZMtttrSforeA 

'M/r-M/n ss 

K/..AAM/0  Cmt. 

tystts  ^>y£/ Augua  t  31,  1901. 

James  H.  White,  Esq., 

49  Essex  Avenue, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir,- 

We  beg  to  enclose  herewith  rough  draft  of  agreement 
with  lubin.  A  copy  of  this  has  been  sent  lubin  today. 
Please  examine  the  enclosed  critically  between  now  and  Tues¬ 
day,  and  let  us  have  any  suggestions  you  have  to  make  when 
you  call  Tuesday  morning. 

We  have  written  Lubin  to  bring  with  him  when  he  next 
comes  to  Hew  York  the  decrees  signed  by  his  attorney  (these 
were  sent  him  by  special  delivery  this  morning) ,  and  the 
schedules  of  positive  films,  negative  films,  and  dark  room 



(Special  Delivery) 

/* 'ttrOM’J.  i 


Fils  this  in  your  files.  It  has  been  answered,  as  per  copy 
attached.  Mr.  Edison  wants  nothing  to  do  with  this  gentleman. 

9/13/1901.  W.E.O. 


Mr.  Edison;' 

•  I  attach  herewith  a  letter  received  today  from  Mr.  Henry  M. 

Reichenbach  of  Dobbs  Ferry,  N.  Y.,  and  also- a  copy  of  my  reply  to  same. 
I  do  not  know  whether  you  vdsh  to  say  anything  further  to  this  party  or 
not.  If  so,  I  await  your  instructions. 

8/6 >  1901  •  Jcutigs  H*  Whit©  • 


/lW  ^.Oc. 

SXv-  _ 

^  k  ^  \  (T^ 

rM.  -  d~  f~  *“*'  r~ 

X  "?  •*-  A‘— ; 

^  v^u  ^  fe  ^ 't  7^  rr '<— 

fe  ^  Tli6*^ 

|.  x-tx  ^  ~ ^  rr;_  ,  ,  ,  ,„ 

*.  4  -T,^  ;  7r^ 

Kh  c\  >wt.(  <^n^Yr« 


Henry  H.  Roichenbach  Es  q. , 

Dobbs  Perry,  N.  Y., 

Dear  3ir;- 

Your  letter  of  the  4th  innt.  addressed  to  Hr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
came  to  our  laboratory  In  duo  time,  but  Mr.  Ediscn  being  away,  the  letter 
was  re for rod  to  the  writer  for  attention  and  reply. 

3o  far' as  I  know,  Mr.  Ed  1  sen  Intends  to  push  his  clit,ims  vigor¬ 
ously  against  all  parties  who  infringe  his  patents  in  any  way,  shape 
or  form,  and  1  have  had  no  intimation  from  Mr.  Edison  that  any  special 

concessions  whatever  will  be  granted.  f. 

\7e  have  mailed  you  oopy  of  the  decision,  as  requested. 

Yours  very  truly,  ; \ 

JHVl/JJW.  Manager  Pilm  Department. 


Sept.  14,  1901. 

James  H.  White,  Esq., 

Edison  Kanfg.  Company, 


I.  J.  \  l 

Dear  sirs- 

Wc  have  yours  of  yesterday,  enclosing  hills  of 
complaint  in  proposed  new  suits  at  Chicago.  We  have  for¬ 
warded  the  hills  with  instructions  to  issue  and  serve  the 
subpoenas  at  onae. 

We  note  what  you  Bay  as  to  Lubin.  We  know  of  no 
modification  of  the  proposed  arrangement, as  defined  in  our 
contract  and  supplemented  by  the  consent  decrees  in  the  Lu- 
bin  suits,  that  can  safely  be  made,  and  we  are  therefore 
glad  to  learn  that  you  made  no  concessions  to  Lubin.  The 
writer  expects  to  be  absent  from  the  office  all  of  next 
week.  The  situation  has  been  fully  explained  to  Mr.  Dyer, 
however,  and  if  it  beoome?  necessary  to  complete  the  trans¬ 
action  during  the  writer's  absence,  he  will  take  it  up  and 
do  whatever  is  necessary.  Should  you  call,  please  remember 
to  bring  the  draft  eontract  which  the  writer  prepared,  as, 

\$n»Mef 0J:t6Hotu/s. 


Jsr//J rj. 

M..A&  M/ffiort. 


James  H.  White,  Esq., 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 
Orange  ,  IT.?. 


Re  suits  against  Chicago  Projecting  Company/ and 
Enterprise  Optical  Manufacturing  Company:- 

(V/  rf 

V-  J  in/thy a) 

^^e  have  procured  bonds  for  security  for  c 

above  cases,  and  in  procuring  the  same  were  obliged 
to  give  indemnity  agreements  as  usual.  We  find  that  we 
have  three  of  these  agreements  here  already  executed  by  Mr. 
Edison,  but  will  need  another,  so  enclose  it  herewith.  Kind¬ 
ly  have  Mr.  Edison  sign,  as  indicated  in  pencil. 

Yours  very  truly. 



’•  not 


cc- President,  Thomas  / 

y  '  ^  Armat  Motion- Picture  Company , 

v  wv  y  *  ^  ^L 

^  BUILDING  Am.rlcan  IMIonls,|aflfr*o,,,M..  S,8,I8!,  iso,,.?. 

Washington  D.QpflStf, .  15,1901. 

H  0~y~  JZl-^7 
a  tfrX  trrrZ:  a'"-L  ^ 

informed ,t  fstt 

Mr.  Daniel  haa-^ecently  had 


.  J  Wasi- 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H,  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:  _  _  r__  ....  _  _ , 

Mj?  IV^f* 

a  conference  with  you  which  was  oft|e  same  pleasant  tenor  as  the  one^l 
held  a  year  or  more  ago.  In  both ifjf  these  coherences* you" exhibit ed  a 
spirit  of  fairness  that  .  evoked*  Mjj&raViWanft  reinforced  the  opinion 
I  have  always  entertained  of  you  individually.  But<££he  trouble  with  all 
such  conferences  is  they  are  great  time  consumers,  and  time  is  one  of  the 
most  vital  and  valuable  elements  in  the  motion  picture  situation.  Years 
have  gone  by  and  your  proper  profits  in  the  business  have  not  yet  I  be¬ 
lieve  materialized.  The  same  is  true  of  me.  Every  year  cut  off  from 
my  enjoyment  of  the  fruits  of  my  toil  is  a  matter  of  loss.  In  looking 
over  the  field  I  am  more  and  more  oonvinoed  that  the  situation  can  be  made 
to  bear  the  full  sucoess  of  our  hopes  in  but  one  way — by  the  formation 
of  a  trust  into  whioh  you  will  throw  your  film  patent,  the  Armat  Company 
the  Armat  patents,  and  the  Amerioan  Mutoscope  and  Biograph  Company  its 
Mutoseope  patents,  together  with  a  withdrawal  of  all  further  appeal  on  your 
film  patent. 

This  combined  aotlon  would  establish  a  real  monopoly,  as  no  infringer 
would  stand  against  a  combination  of  all  these  strong  elements.  The  way  I 

things  are  now  the  woods  are  full  of  small  infringers  who  are  reaping  i 

Armat  Motion- Picture  Company , 

Edison - s  '  Washington,  D.  c., 

that  which  belongs  to  yourself  and  ourselves.  Prices  have  sunlc  in  vaude¬ 
ville  houses  until  now  the  top-notch  price,  I  understand,  is  about  $40 
a  week,  while  free  shows  of  motion  pictures  are  becoming  more  and  more 
common.  These  small  incompetent  exhibitors  are  getting  the  business  into 
such  disrepute  that  it  will  require  great  effort  to  raise  it  to  a  really 
profitable  plane.  There  is  big  money  in  all  ends  of  this  business  if 
properly  conducted  and  little  in  it  otherwise.  For  instance  the  number 
of  films  you  sell  in  Washington  is  but  a  small  per  cent  of  the  number 
that  oould  be  used  under  the  dose  organization  of  the  trust. 

X  have  tried  to  look,  at  the  matter  from  your  standpoint.  First  comes 
the  matter  of  films.  The  film  business  I  apprehend,  ia  a  preoarious  one. 
The  advertising,  superintendence,  labor  account,  traveling  expenses,  liti¬ 
gation,  heavy  wastage,  and  hundreds  of  incidentals  so  eat  into  the  alleged 
profits  that  I  believe  it  is  hard  to  tell  whether  there  is  any  money  in  it 
or  not.  If  a  trust  were  formed  the  first  result  would  be  the  intelligent 
regulation  of  film  taking  through  a  more  discriminating  demand  on  the  part 
of  one  large  customer  instead  of  many  unreliable  small  ones.  This  in  turn 
would  out  off  much  of  the  expense  and  wastage  and  eliminate  the  heavy  ad¬ 
vertising  oharges  and  many  of  the  expenses  for  labor  and  superintendence. 
As  the  main  oelluloid  patents  have  now  expired  some  of  the  money  saved 
from  the  rat  holes  into  whioh  it  is  now  poured  oould  be  used  in  the  making 

Armat  Motion- Picture  Company , 

Edison — s  Washington,  D.  C, 

of  your  own  film  material  at  an  expense  under  two  cents  a  foot.  This  re¬ 
duction  of  oost  of  raw  material  would  open  many  profitable  fields  in  slot 
and  other  machines.  As  things  are  no w  business  runs  by  spurts.  If  there 
happens  to  be  a  yaoht  raoe  or  the  assissination  of  a  president  there  is 
a  good  run  on  films  for  a  few  months.  Then  it;  drops  down  to  a  demand  that 
Keeps  the  large  foroe  busy  about  one-fourth  the  time  while  much  money  is 
wasted  in  experimenting  with  oostly  subjects  that  the  public  will  not  buy. 
In  the  case  of  a  trust  this  would  also  be  ohanged,  a  closely-organised  de¬ 
partment  under  a  competent  director  would  at  once  order  the  films  desired 
and  then  consume  his  own  order,  while  the  expense  would  be  cut  to  the  mi¬ 
nimum,  eliminating  all  the  oostly  advertising  and  other  heavy  expenses 
now  enforoed  by  the  present  system  whioh  wastes  its  energy  and  its  money 
catering  to  hundreds  of  ignorant  or  illiterate  infringers  of  patents 
who  are  gradually  ruining  the  business,  exoept  the  few  who  by  superior  oom 
meroial  ability  have  built  up  an  individual  but  narrow  reputation  and  these 
use  few  films  by  virtue  of  the  faot  that  they  run  shows  and  have  different 
audiences  each  night,  thus  exhibiting  over  and  over  their  small  stook  of 

Next  oome8  the  matter  of  raaohines.  I  believe  the  Armat  Company  tho¬ 
roughly  oontrols  in  this  iraportaht  direction.  Our  patent,  or  one  of  the 
broadest  features,  is  within  a  few  months  of  adjudication.  The  case  has 

Armat  Motion-Picture  Company , 

Edison — 4  Washington,  D.  C., 

been  closed.  As  we  have  now  won  before  the  board  of  appeals  of  the  patent 
offioe,  before  the  commissioner  of  patents  and  before  the  court  of  appeals 
on  $n  issue  that  very  largely  states  the  fighting  ground  in  the  case  now 
coming  on  for  adjudication,  I  have  no  fear  of  the  results,  particularly 
since  I  have  seen  the  defendant  -  the  same  people  we  beat  in  the 
patent  office  and  before  the  court  of  appeals-have  developed  nothing  new 
in  this  case.  As  to  yourself  I  am  satisfied  that  any  attempts  you  made  in 
this  direction  of  this  vital  improvement  never  were  developed  to  the  point 
of  success  and  can  be  looked  upon  as  nothing  more  than  abandoned  experi¬ 
ments.  It  is  but  proper  for  me  to  state  that  I  have  no  fears  on  this  poiit 
whatever  and  I  am  reinforoed  by  the  opinion  of  my  oouhsel,  Messrs.  Churoh 
&  Churoh,  who,  as  you  know,  are  among  the  ablest  men  at  the  bar.  I  have 
no  information  that  you  set  up  any  olaim  to  this  improvement.  Kor  am  I 
aware  that  you  have  ever  asserted  the  negative  of  the  proposition  that 
you  made  for  me  the  first  machines  I  ever  had  built  and  have  never  built 
any  machine ;that  does  not  embody  the  improvements  covered  by  our  patents. 
We  have  never  sold  a  single  one  of  these  machines  and  therefore  have  pre¬ 
served  our  monopoly  intact. 

You  have  sold, I  presume,  1500  or  more  and  perhaps  now  hesitate  to 
withdraw  support  from  these  infringers.  At  least  Mr.  White  announces  thatj 
he  will  guarantee  Mr.  Edison's  protection  to  the  users  of  these  maohines. 

Armat  Motion-Picture  Company , 

Edison — 5  Washington,  d.  c.( 

In  canvassing  my  own  mind  for  his  or  (in  case  he  represents  you)  your  rea¬ 
son  for  this  course  I  am  unable  to  find  any.  For  why  should  you,  as  a 
Just  man  in  your  dealings,  desire  to  injure  me  by  depriving  me  of  the 
fruits  of  my  labors,  stretohing  over  long  years.  This  is  made  the  more 
inexplicable  by  your  remark  to  Mr.  Daniel  a  year  or  more  ago,  at  Edison, 

New  Jersey,  that  you  hoped  Mr.  Arraat  would  win  his  suit  against  the  Muto- 
soope  no.  in  the  Patent  Offioe,  and  that  the  narrower  the  field  the  better 
for  all  hands.  This  is  the  sensible  view  and  has  led  me  to  the  reflection 
that  Mr.  Whites  assertions  that  he  would  defend  prominent  infringers  of 
the  Armat  patents,  represent  White's  view  and  not  yours.  Mr.  White  has 
also  intimated  that  this  support  to  these  infringers  is  expended  in  a  spir¬ 
it  6f  fair  play  to  them— that  they  bought  Edison  machines  and  must  there¬ 
fore  be  protected.  But  this  leaves  out  of  account  the  wrong  done  me,  who, 
you  8 aid  to  Mr.  Daniel,  you  hoped  would  win.  These  people  cannot  blame 
you  if  you  decide  to  sell  your  patent,  or,  what  would  be  the  equivalent, 
put  it  in  a  trust,  it  would  then  be  under  new  control.  And  there  are  very 
few  of  them  who  would  suffer  the  least  hardship  as  the  business  is  now 
rapidly  assuming  a  state  of  ohaos  in  whioh  there  is  no  money  for  anybody 
exoept ,  as  stated,  to  those  who  by  intelligent  effort  have  built  up  an  lm 
dividual  reputation.  On  this  point  one  way  of  saving  them  from  harm,  in 

*04  6.  .«!*  M  «„  miohiS  ! 

Annat  Motion- Picture  Company , 

Kdioon — 6  Washington,  D.  C., 

actual  value  where  hardship  would  be  visited  on  any  man,  as  in  an  instance 
where  a  livelihood  depended  upon  the  machine,  and  the  party  had  hot  been 
already  sufficiently  recompensed.  But  this  is  certainly  dealing  with  an 
infringer,  who  has  already  pocketed  large  profits  very  tenderly  indeed. 
Probably  a  large  number  of  them  could  be  employed  as  operators  by  the 

The  manufacture  of  these  machines  is  a  small  matter  in  which  thereis 
little  profit,  not  to  be  compared  to  the  profit  that  could  be  thrown  to 
you  in  the  manufacture  of  the  Mutoscopes  and  our  elegant  new  oabinet  ma¬ 
chine,  whioh  uses  a  standard  sized  film  and  shows  a  picture  14x17  inohes 
and  whioh  we  wish  you  would  examine  at  our  New  York  offices.  The  number 
of  extra  films  these  machines  will  consume  bids  fair  to  be  enormous. 

A  last  Important  point  with  you,  as  reported  by  Mr.  Daniel,  is  con¬ 
veyed  in  your  opinion  that  your  film  patent  should  now  pass  to  a  final  1 
adjudication.  On  thlo  point  I  wish  to  say  that  the  present  plan,  whioh 
Mr.  Daniel  feels  very  hopeful  of  putting  through,  contemplates  the  prompt 
withdrawal  of  the  Mutoscope  &  Biograph  appeal,  leaving  your  patent  adjudi- j 
oated.  Hopeful  as  you  may  feel  overtthe  result  og  that  suit  you  probably  i 
realize,  as  Ido,  that  the  decision  in  your  favor,  while  probable,  is  any  J 
thing  but  a  sure  thing.  As  you  have  yourself  remarked,  the  patents  you  j 
felt  surest  of  were  precisely  those  of  which  youuhave  been  deprived  by  de-j 

MDan'd’  Capital,  $1,000,000.  Vl«.p«.ldc„l,  Thoma.  Anna!, 

(ij*Os  Wall  Si.,  New  York.  Washington.  D.  C. 

Armat  Motion-Picture  Company , 

Edison  7  WASHINGTON,  D.  C„ 

oisions  you  did  not  anticipate,  is  it  not  part  of  wisdom  to  tales  no 
chances  againstthe  sure  results  offering  on  this  proposed  plan  of  consoli¬ 
dation,  which  has  now  been  thoroughly  threshed  out? 

You  told  Mr.  Daniel  that  you  would  accept  a  very  modest  divide  pro¬ 
vided  it  was  made  sure  to  you.  We  think  this  can  be  done  to  your  satis¬ 
faction.  The  plan  will  include  the  buying  from  you  by  one  customer  of  at 
least  as  much  film  as  your  average  sales  for  the  past  three  years  will 
show,  and  probably  very  many  more.  Your  foreign  business  would  probably 
not  be  taken  up  by  the  trust. 

The  definite  question  which  1  wish  you  would  answer  is  this;  Will 
you  be  satisfied  if  your  sale  of  films  at  a  stipulated  prioe  iloi  guaran¬ 
teed  to  your  satisfaction  to  at  least  equal  the  quantity  .mentioned.  If 
they  do  not,  you  to  be  paid  so  much  a  foot  profit  for  any  shortage  that 
may  ocour.  In  case  of  any  default  in  payments  you  would  resume  the  title 
to  your  adjudioated  patent,  just  the  same  as  an  owner  of  a  pieoe  of  real 
estate  who  sells  upon  oertain  conditions  of  payment.  In  case  of  default 
all  payments  are  forfeited  and  the  original  owner  resumes  the  title,  and 
in  addition  to  this  you  to  get,  say,  5#  of  the  net  profits  to  the  trust 
of  the  entire  slot  raaohine  business,  if  this  suggestion,  whioh  I  consider 
eminently  fair,  is  satisfactory,  I  think  m  estimating  the  prioe  to  the 
_jalee  »e  the  trust  of  films  and  the  fine  to  be  paid  (in  oase  of  any  short- 

Armat  Motion-Picture  Company , 

Washington,  d.  c„ 

Edison - 8 . 

age  from  the  stipulated  annual  orders)  the  amount  should  only  be  deter¬ 
mined  after  a  careful  survey  of  the  conditions.  Under  the  present  plan 
the  expenses  are  multiform,  heavy  and  vexatious,  and  the  wastage  large, 
including  an  excess  of  employees  and  heavy  advertising  expenses.  The 
actual  profit  per  foot,  if  paid  in  a  lump  sum  in  cash,  to  quote  your 
bwn  language,  should  be  modest  enough  not  to  handicap  the  plan,  which  1b 
now  well  in  hand,  can  I  expect  a  prompt  reply? 

With  kindest  personal  regards,  believe  me, 

Very  truly  yours, 





CHICAGO,  ILL.,  Not.  18th,  1901.  i 


W.  E,  Gilmore,  Esq. 

Vice  Fres.&  Gen.Mgr,,  Edison  Manufacturing  Co., 
Orange,  N.  T. 

Lear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  the  attached,  Mr.  Whites  note,  does  not  state  the 
case  as  I  told  Mr.  KLeine, 

What  I  said  was,  that  on  more  than  one  occaison  while  I  was  out 
of  the  Office  on  business,  gentlemen  who  called  in  ueference  to  the  Film 
etc.,  business,  asked  for  the  Manager,  Mr.  Challen  meet  them  and  informed 
them  that  he  was  not  in  charge  of  the  branch  of  the  business  and  knew 
nothing  about  it.  No  effort  was  made  to  notify  any  one  in  my  Office  as  to 
what  the  gentlemen  wanted.  The  parties  left  without  any  information  as  to 
where  the  Machines  or  Films  could  be  procured. 

It  is  nothing  more  than  fair  to  say  that  lately  things  have 
been  working  more  smoothly,  and  all  the  callers  have  been  treated  with  mucL. 

more  consideration, 

Yours  very  truly, 



Mr.  Gilmore 

.  •  ‘  .  In  a  letter  from  the  Kleine  Optical  Co.,  Mr.  George  Kleine 
states  that  Mr.  Logue  caLled  upon  him  and  stated  that  although  he  had 
given  his  assistants  orders  to  notify  Kleine  Optical  Co.  of  inquiries 
on  machines  and  films  in  the  Wen  tern  territory,  Mr.  Challen  had  given 
contradictory  instructor.  Mr.  Kleine  states  that  he  is  not  kicking 
particularly  about  Mr.  Ciallen’s  attempts  to  get  orders  for  these  goods 
if  he  can  handle  them  prbperly  and  if  he  does  not  conflict  with  the 
Kiffiine  Optical  Co.,  hut  that  it  is  foolishness  under  the  circumstances 
considering  that  he  has  heitjier  a  stock  nor  the  experience  to  handle 
this  trade,  for  him  to  attempt  to  hold  such  chance  inquiries  as  he  may 
receive.  • 

11,8,1901.  James  H.  White. 

Capitol,  $1,000,000. 


Vice-President,  Thomas 

~  Armat  Motion-Picture  Company , 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Freparatory  to  my  visit  on  Friday  kindly  try  to  fix  in 
your  mind  the  lowest  royalty  charges  you  Will  exact  from  the  Muto- 
scope  end  of  the  proposed  Consolidation,  and  also  formulate  your 
best  graduated  scale  as  to  prices  to  be  charged  the  said  Consoli¬ 
dation  for  films  based  upon  the  quantity  bought  as  suggested  in  our 
recent  conversation.  I  would  suggest  that  all  the  points  covered 
by  the  following  enumeration  be  figured  out  on  this  basis: 

1.  Positives  from  the  regular  stock  of  the  Edison  Company, 
eents  per  foot. 

2.  Exclusive  copies  from  negatives  taken  by  Consolidation 
and  then  deposited  with  the  Edison  Company  cents  per  foot. 

3.  Negatives  taken  by  the  Edison  Company  for  the  exclusive 
use  of  the  Consolidation,  cents  per  foot. 

4.  Positives  from  negatives  specified  above  cent  per 

foot . 

5.  Copies  from  any  foreign  negatives  in  possession  of  the 

Edison  Company  cents  per  foot. 

'w.n'sf'Kor’k  Capital,  $1,000,000.  Vice-ProUmt,  Thonu.  Arrokt, 

Armat  Motion-Picture  Company , 


New  York. 

Positives  ordered  from  abroad  through  the  Edison  Company 

at  the  lowest  market  price,  plus  duty  and  plus  one-half  the  dis¬ 
count  allowed  the  Eoison  Company  from  the  list  price. 

The  reduction  in  price  allowed  on  aocount  of  the  quant¬ 
ity  purchased  might  be  put  in  the  shape  of  a  rebate  in  case  so  many 
were  bought  .by  the  end  of  each  year.  If  as  you  stated  you  will 
be  satisfied  with  a  fair  and  reasonable  recognition  in  this  matter 
and.  will  figure  it  out  on  the  above  basis  I  think  I  will  be  able 
to  consummate  the  deal  to  your  advantage* 

Very  truly  yoursyt 


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If  you  can  form  a  combination  of  the  Armat  &  Biograph/Co!  , 
so  that  the  Consolidated  company  will  have  sufficient  capital  to 
push  the  business  known  as  the  Slot  Hachine,  and  provides  itself  with 
a  manager  in  whom  I  have  confidence  that  the  business  will  be  con¬ 
ducted  in  a  proper  manner,  I  would  be  disposed  in  the  event  that 
my  Kinetographic  patents  are  sustained  to  enter  into  a  working 
arrangement  with  such  company,  on  a  royalty  basis  on  e.ach  slot  machine 
and  if  the  Company  will  guarantee  to  make  and  pay  royalty  on  a  number 
of  machines  per  month  satisfactory  to  me,  I  would  agree  to  enter 
into  a  oontraot  to  give  them  exclusive  rights  under  my  patents  for 
the  slot  machine,  so  long  as  the  guaranteed  number  of  machines 
were  made  and  the  royalty  due  paid  to  me  each  month. 

I  will  also  in  event  that  a  satisfactory  contract  can  be 
brought  about  with  me  in  relation  to  the  slot  machine,  to  make  films 
for  the  consolidated  company  at  a  rate  not  greater  than  now  charged 
to  my  most  favored  customers  and  at  a  lesser  price  if  ordered  in 
quantities  greater  than  ordered  by  any  of  my  present  customers. 

.Qdysr;  ?/'.  vsr/ 

.}/  ■I','t.i.„„,  -f/krrA 

•  -E.  Gilmore,  Esq., 

Edison  Manfg.  Company, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Replying  to  your  favors  of  21s  t ;  and  zinl  kLa 

regarding  the  arrangement  between  the  Mutosoope  ■'Company  and 
The  Warwick  Trading  Company,  we  wish  to  say  that  there  is 
nothing'  in  the  understanding  with  Maguire  &  Baueus  which 
will  enable  us  to  prevent  the  carrying  out  of  this  arrange¬ 
ment.  We,  however,  think  that  an  application  to  the  Court 
to  modify  the  stay  of  the  injunction  in  the  suit  of  Edison 
v.  American  Mutosoope  Company  might  be  effective,  since  the 
defendant  proposes  to  change  its  course  of  bus iness  in  a  man¬ 
ner  not  contemplated  by  the  Court  when  the  stay  was  granted. 
We  have  written  a  letter  to  Messrs.  Kerr,  Page  &  Cooper  on 
this  subject  and  enclose  a  copy.  Our  plan  is  to  m«vn  the 
motion  referred  to  in  that  letter,  unless  we  are  given  sat¬ 
isfactory  assurances  that  the  Mutosoope  Company  does  not  pro¬ 
pose  to  handle  the  goods  of  The  Warwick  Trading  Company.  We 
hope  that  this  plan  of  procedure  has  your  approval. 



Tours  ve^y^EPGly, 

(Copy  for  Mr.  Gilmore). 

Deoomber  3,  1901. 

Messrs.  Kerr,  Page  &  Oooper, 

Solloitors  for  American  Mutosoope  Company, 

120  Broadwety,  New  York  City. 

Gentlemen*  - 

In  re  Edison  y.  American  Mutosoope  Company:  - 
It  has  just  been  brought  to  our  attention  that  your  cli¬ 
ent  has  made  or  is  about  to  make  an  arrangement  with  The  War¬ 
wick  Trading  Comp  any,  limited,  of  London,  to  undertake  the 
sale  in  thiB  country  of  the  Warwick  living  picture  apparatus 
and  films. 

You  will  recall  that  at  the  time  Judge  Wheeler  granted 
the  stay  of  the  injunction  pending  the  appeal,  your  client 
represented  in  support  of  the  application  for  the  stay  that 
it  did  not  sell  its  cameras  or  its  Biographs,  its  cameras  being 
used  entirely  for  producing  films  of  the  particular  width  re¬ 
quired  for  the  Biograph  and  the  BiographB  being  leased  to 
exhibitors,  to  Whom  your  client  supplied  the  films  under  a 
license  arrangement.  You  will  also  recall  that  your  client 
represented  in  support  of  that  application  that  the  Biograph 
films,  on  account  of  their  great  width,  wore  useful  only  on 
the  Biograph  and  oould  not  be  used  on  Edison's  projecting  ma¬ 
chines,  While  Edison's  films,  on  account  of  their  leaser 
Width,  oould  not  be  used  on  the  Biograph.'  The  situation  as 

(K. ,  P.  &  C.,  2) 

diBolosad  by  your  affidavits,  and  as  it  existed  in  fact,  won 
that  Edison's  business  of  soiling  projecting  meohinos  and 
films  was  not  being  directly  Interfered  with  by  your  client, 
and  wo  believe  that  the  existence  of  this  situation  ’.ms,  in 
part  at  least,  the  reason  for  the  granting  of  the  stay. 

We  think  the  present  intention  of  your  client  to  soil 
living  picture  cameras  and  films  to  the  publio  (particularly 
films  of  the  standard  Edison  size,  adapted  for  use  on  Edison’s 
projecting  machines  and  not  useful  on  your  client's  project¬ 
ing  maohines)  will,  if  carried  out,  result  in  enormous  inju¬ 
ry  to  Er.  Edison  and  will  be  such  a  radical  departure  from 
the  business  situation  on  which  the  stay  was  granted  that  it 
will  become  our  duty  to  apply  to  the  Court  for  a  modification 
of  the  stay,  unless  we  at  onne  reooive  from  ;your  client  as¬ 
surances  that  wo  have  been  misinformed  as  to  its  intentions. 

Kindly  let  us  hear  from  you  on  this  subjeot  as  soon 
as  possible. 



Thomas  .A,  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J, 
Dear  Sir:- 

30  Broad  St.,  New  York  City, 

December  4, 


I  ain  making  all  the  progress  possible  on  the  Combination 
deal  and  hope  to  be  in  a  position  to  see  you  again  before  the  end 
of  the  week. 

Very  truly  yours. 

T.  A.  E. - 2 

If  you  prefer  an  interview,  I  will  come  over  as  soon  as  I  hea: 
you,  and  would  be  glad  to  have  Mr.  Gilmore  present,  in  order 
come  to  some  conclusion  in  the  shape  of  a  memorandum  stating 
you  are  willing  to  do.  You  can  readily  understand  that  I  do 
care  to  go  j  over  to  Orange  any  oftener  than  is  absolutely  ne< 
sary  while  you  are  raising  a  crop  of  smallpox.  Therefore  eov 
the  points  spoken  of  and.  practically  agreed  upon  in  our  conve: 

Very  truly  yours, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  ,T. 
Dear  Sir:- 

,  December  16,  1901. 

0,1  ^ 

The  bondholders  with  whom  I  am  dealing  have  just  been 
informed  by  Mr.  Marvin  or  some  one  connected  with  the  business 
management  of  the  American  Mutoscope  &  Biograph  Co.  that  you  have 
promised  to  give  them  a  license  after  your  decision  has  been  handed 
down.  Is  this  so?  This  statement  is  having  a  serious  effect  upon 
the  bondholders  action,  in  which  we  are  both  interested,  let  me 
hear  from  you  on  this  point  and  I  will  then  come  over  and  take 
up  the  questions  contained,  in  your  letter  received  this  morning. 

Very  truly  yours, 

There  is  no  use  in  trying  to  deal  with  the  Marvin  or  business 
end  of  this  company  with  its  issue  of  $2,000,000.00  worth  of  stock 

tV«**  '"V  30  Broad  St.,  New  York  Deo.  17,  1901. 

i^iomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange  ,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Bearing  in  mind  your 
put  your  film  patent  or  film  business  in  the  Combination,  but  would 
prefer  granting  to  the  Consolidated  Co.  an  exclusive  license  for 
the  use  of  films  or  cards  in  the  Mutoscope  or  slot  machines  at  a 
price  according  you  an  ordinary  manufacturer's  profit,  aiso  a  con¬ 
tract  for  furnishing  the  Consolidated.  Co.  films  in  the  different 
ways  necessary  for  the  successful  operation  of  its  projecting  ma¬ 
chines,  giving  a  graduated,  scale  of  prices  based  ori  quantity  ,  etc. 

You  also  stated,  that  you  did  not  care  to  take  a  stock  in¬ 
terest  but  preferred  a  royalty  or  percentage  of  the  receipts  from 
the  Mutoscope  slot  machines  and  an  ordinary  manufacturer's  profit 
on  films  and  etc. 

This  being  the  case,  I  had  to  work  out  a  plan  whereby  you 
could  set  what  you  wanted,  practically  without  contributing  or  giv¬ 
ing  up  anything  on  your  part.  In  order  to  do  this  there  was  but 
one  way  open  to  bring  about  this  result,  and  that  was  for  me  to  go 
to  work  and.  contract  for  the  purchase  of  the  bonds  of  the  American 
Mutoscope  &  Biograph  Company  and.  in  this  way  take  over  the  business 

T.  A.  E. - 2 

patents)  machines)  and.  everything  covered,  by  the  Chattel  Mortgage 
securing  these  bonds.  I  have  gotten  this  in  good  shape  and  am 
perfectly  willing  if  you  approve  this  plan  to  let  you  in  on  the 
terms  as  proposed  above. 

X  herewith  enclose  you  a  statement  as  to  the  company  with 
which  you  will  make  the  contract,  and  will  add  that  this  company 
will  have  every  facility  for  raising  additional  capital  as  needed, 
from  the  sale  of  its  preferred  treasury  stock,  and  would  be  glad  to 
have  as  you  suggested  Mr.  Gilmore  to  represent  you  on  the  Board  of 
Birectors  in  order  that  you  may  know  that  the  contract  is  being 
lived  up  to.  I  see  no  other  way  whereby  you  could,  make  so  advanta¬ 
geous  a  contract  by  giving  up  so  little. 

As  stated,  in  my  letter  to  you  yesterday  Mr.  Marvin  and 
one  or  two  salaried,  officials  are  the  only  people  now  fighting  to 
keep  this  deal  from  going  through  and  the  only  serious  obstacle 
that  they  have  set  up  is  that  one  of  them  had  heard  directly  from 
you  in  the  last  day  or  two  that  you  would  be  perfectly  willing  to 
grant  them  a  license  after  you  receive  your  final  decision  on  your 
patent.  It  is  important  you  should  put  me  in  a  position  to  deny 
this.  Hoping  that  this  complies  with  your  request,  and-  await ing 
your  reply,  I  am,  Very. truly  yours, 

Confidential . 

'/{fr/titt  •//.  ACSPye*  i 
firm/*  Z.&yrK 

'bo/fyU,  December  17,1901. 

V.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq.,  ''  “ 

Vice-President  and  General  Manager,  :  , 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company.  ' , 

Dear  Sir;-  *'-»•  **  W/M/fj 

We  were  under  the  impression  that  we  had  sent  you  i 
copy  of  our  brief  in  the  MutCBCope  case,  hut  we  do  so  now, 
in  accordance  with  your  request  of  16th  instant. 

Yours  truly^’  , 


m  ^ 
V f-htfi/ix  ''l<‘H’)f>//>\ 
7MMJM/0  SwA 

yyj//w,  cyrf/MMtcrj  w.  z/yyt‘r/ 


.'//  y.U,,,,  f/ 

''M-t/ftyy'  Deo.  .18.-19.0l. 

¥.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq. ,  /^TF  r>  C  \  \!  V  ,‘V' 

Vioe-Presdt.  &  Gen.  Mgr.  Edison  Mfg.i'^  ,v  LI  V  L  j 
Orange ,  ».  J.  T  Jr;,,  j 

Bear  Sir,-  SlIK^srrSKBa*^ 

Replying  to  your  favor  of  17th  inst.  regarding  our 
letter  of  the  3rd  inst.  to  Messrs.  Kerr,  Page  &  Cooper  call¬ 
ing  their  attention  to  the  proposed  handling  of  Warwick 
films  and  living  picture  apparatus  Tjy  their  client,  the 
Amerioan  Mutoscope  and  Biograph  Company,  we  received  two 
replies  to  our  letter,  one  dated  December  4th  stating  that 
"After  communicating  with  Mr.  Marvin,  who  is  out  of  town 
today,  we  may  make  further  rejply",  and  the  other  dated  De¬ 
cember  6th  stating  "We  have  communicated  with  our  client, 
the  Amerioan  Mutoscope.  &  Biograph  Co.,  and  do  not  feel  call¬ 
ed  upon  to  make  further  reply".  We  have  taken  no  action 
in  the  matter  principally  because,  we  needed  your  affidavit. 
It  is  not  too  late  to  take  action  now  if  you  find  that  the 
Mutosoope  Co.  is  actually  selling  Warwick  films. 

Yours  very  truly, 




•  f«ro| 

30  Broad.  Street,  New  York  City. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  .X. 

Dear  Sir:- 

December  19,,..  1901. 


X  am  having  no  dealings  with  the  business  management  of 
the  American  Mutoscope  &  Biograph  Company,  and  have  not  so  far  seen 
Mr.  Marvin  since  X  have  taken  up  the  negaotiations  with  the  bond¬ 
holders.  Now  that  he  has  appeared  upon  the  stage  in  opposition, 
fighting, no  doubt,  to  retain  his  position  as  a  salaried  officer  ans 
etc.,  X  hear  through  the  bondholders  thw  arguements  that  he  is 
setting  up  .as  representing  the  business  management  of  the  American 
Mutoscope  fc  Biogrpah  Company.  He  puts  up  the  same  old  bluff  in 
belittling  the  patent  decisions,  and  I  understand  that  he  goes  so 
far  as  to  say  that  they  are  going  to  beat  you  on  the  final  decision 
and  in  case  you  win,  the  decision  will  not  reach  the  Mutoscope  slot 
machines,  as  they  can  have  their  cards  manufactured  abroad  for  the 
use  in  slot  machines. 

This  being  the  case  X  think  it  well  that  you  should  know 
it  in  order  to  si2e  up  the  situat ion' accurately,  this  is  one  of 
the  reasons  X  wrote  to  you  the  other  day  that  it  would  be  useless  ' 
for  you  to  try  to  deal  with  the  American  Mutoscope  &  Biograph  Com¬ 

pany  as  a  company,  with  its  $2,000,000.  stock  issue,  and.  the  stand. 

T.  A.  E. . 2 

taken  by  its  business  management  as  above  stated..  The  Company 
no  doubt  has  a  large  floating  debt  and  other  expensive  embarass- 
ments  which  puts  ib  in  an  impossible  condition  to  deal  with. 

The  plain  course  for  us  to  pursue  is  to  let  them  under¬ 
stand  that  in  case  the  two  suits  now  ponding  against  the  American 
Mutoscope  &  Biograph  Company  are  decided,  in  our  favor  wd  will  at 
once  enforce  injunction  proceedings  for  an  accounting  and  damages, 
this  will  have  the  effect  of  bringing  them  to  terms. 

I  sentt  you  a  newspaper  clipping  from  the  New  York  Sun 
of  December  the  8th.  It  is  in  line  with  the  opinion  expressed  by 
you  on  this  subject. 

It  is  now  only  necessary  for  us  to  stand,  together  and  we 
will  win  out  on  this  deal  through  the  bondholders. 

Let  me  have,  your  schedule  of  the  best  that  you  are  will¬ 
ing  to  do  and  I  will  try  to  push  it  through. 

iVery  truly  yoursi 


1901.  Patents  (D-01-29) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
foreign  and  domestic  patent  applications,  patent  litigation,  and  other  patent 
matters.  Most  of  the  material  consists  of  letters  to  Edison  from  the  law  firm  of 
Dyer,  Edmonds  &  Dyer  and  correspondence  from  parties  in  Europe  concerning 
storage  battery  patents.  Included  is  evidence  of  Edison's  effort  to  block  the 
American  Graphophone  Co.  from  obtaining  patents  in  Germany. 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
following  items  have  not  been  selected:  routine  correspondence  about 
application  fees  or  patent  renewals;  receipts;  certificates  of  registration;  letters 
of  transmittal;  reports  concerning  the  subdivision  of  German  patent 
applications;  and  documents  that  duplicate  information  in  selected  material. 




Ihoa.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Llewellyn  Park, 

W.  Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Our  Cologne  house  writes  us  as  follows: 

"We  wish  to  inform  you  that  the,  American  Oraphophone  Co.,  of 
Washington,  has,  through  the  Columbia  Phonograph  Co.,  applied  for 
a  patent  in  Germany,  for  recording  song,  music,  conversation,  &c. , 
by  means  of  grand  concert  records,  and  the  claims  which  they  make 
in  the  patent  are  the  following:-  "An  arrangement  for  recording 
"sound,  which  has  the  distinguishing  feature  that  the  receiving 
"record  turns  with  the  velocity  of  about  44  meters  per  minute  under 
"the  recording  stylus,  which  is  placid  at  an  angle  of  20  degrees  to 
"the  tangent  of  the  receiving  record  at  the  point  of  contact,  in 
"order  to  obtain  for  the  purpose  of  a  better  reproduction  a  well- 
founded,  continuous,  undulating  line  as  record  of  the  sound  waves, 
"thus  obtaining  the  full  extent  of  the  reproduced  sound.  Berlin, 
»8th  of  February.  Applied  for  on  the  5th  of  January,  1899." 

Against  this  application,  which. was  made  on  the  5th  of  January 
1899,  objections  have  been  made  by  different  parties,  which  however 
haVe  been  r'eoosnized  by  the  German  Patent  office,  on  the  plea 
that  before  the  date  of  application,  Jan.  5,  1899,  there  was  no 
Phonograph  known  which  was  identical  with  the  subject  of  the  appli¬ 
cation.  " ,  > 

Accordingly,  records  turned  with  the  velocity  of  44  meters  in 

•  .  ?  \ 


s  worth  sneer,  sew  rone. 

\so-3i  sires  sneer,  Chicago. 

T.  A.  B. 


New  York, _ 

f'RECE'iv  ;  ;?■ 

,  that  is  111  revolutions,  were  not  kn^ 

|  i;o.X  ' 

>w^.,before  the  5th  ; 

of  January,  1899.  The  applicant  claims  that  ho  obtains  a  better'' 
reproduction  of  the  sound  when  the  velocity  is  44  meters  per  minute 
and  besides  that  he  lays  stress  on  the  position  of  the  recording 
stylus,  with  relation  to  the  tangent  of  the  record, giving  the  stylus 
an  inclination  of  an  acute  angle  of  20  degrees. 

This  latter  item  doesn't  seem  to  be  so  important.  On  the  other 
hand,  we  have  found  in  our  experiments  that  the  velocity  of  44  me¬ 
ters  per  minute  is  about  the  customary  one. 

The  patent  itself  is  not  very  important  for  us;  but  it  might 
have  considerable  disadvantage,  through  the  fact  that  it  might  pre¬ 
vent  us  from  using  the  ordinary  velocity  when  making  records. 

Of  course,  there  1s  a  question  as  to  what  meaning  the  judge 
might  give  to  the  claim  of  "about  44  meters".  We  have,  for  instance, 
obtained  very  good  results  with  a  velocity  of  50  meters  per  minute. 

How,  we  are  of  the  opinion  that  Mr.  Edison  made  the  grand  con¬ 
cert  records  long  before  the  application  on  the  5th  of  January, 1899, 
and  that  before  that  time  ghey  were  placed  before  the  public. 

It  also  seems  quite  reasonable  to  suppose  that  Mr.  Edison  has 
made  records  at  a  velocity  of  10  to  50  meters  per  minute,  and  that 
perhaps  this  patent  may  be  invalidated  by  an  affidavit  of  Mr.  Edi¬ 
son  to  that  effect. 

We  should  be  much  obliged  to  you  if  you  would  kindly  communi¬ 
cate"  with  Mr.  Edison,  and  obtain,  if  possible,  the  following  infor¬ 



T*  A*  New  York, _ .•  •  ■  ^  . .  . 

"First-  When  did  Mr.  Edison  first  manufacture  the  grand 
concert  phonographs?  '  - 

Second-  When  did  he  make  the  grand  concert  records? 

Third—  What  is  the  velocity  that  he  employs  in  making 
records  of  music,  song  and  conversation? 

Fourth-  Has  Mr.  Edison  made  such  records  as  the  velocity 
of  44  meters  per  minute? 

Fifth-  What  is  the  angle  of  his  recording  stylus  in  rela¬ 
tion  to  the  tangent  of  the  record? 

Sixth—  Has  Mr.  Edison,  before  the  Sth  of  January,  1899, 
given  to  his  stylus  an  inclination  of  20  degrees,  as  compared  with 
the  tangent  of  the  record  at  the  point  of  contact?" 

The  foregoing  is  a  translated  copy  of  the  letter  to  us;and 
as  we  may  have  been  awkward  about  translating  the  claims  of  the 
patent,  we  give  you  a  copy  of  the  German  claims  in  German,  as  follows: 
"Bine  Vorrichtung  zur  Veraeichnung  von  linen  dadureh  gekennzeiehnet" 
dass  sich  die  Aufnahmewalze  unter  dem  mit  der  Tangents  am  Beruhr— 
ungspunkte,  im  spitzen  Winkel  -30  Grad-  einschliassenden  Vflrzeichner, 
mit  einer  Umfanggesohwindigkeit  von  ungefahr  44  Meter  in  elnerrMinute 
dreht,  urn  zum  Zweoke  einer  basseren  ffiedergabe  eine  godrehte,  ab- 
gerundete,  zusammenhangende  Wellenlinie  ala  Veraeichnung  der  akus- 
tischen  Schwingungen  zu  erhalten  und  dadureh  den  Uinfang  des  wieder- 
gegebenen  Tones  zu  erreichen.* 

We  presume  your  interest  lies  in  the  direction  of  upsetting 
the  patent  of  the  Anerican  Graphophone  0o»;  but,  of  course,  we  don't 


New  York, _ 

T.  A.  E.  ; 


If  it  does,  will  you  oblige  U3  by  giving  us  a  reply  to  the 
questions;  or,  If  you  cannot  do  that  without  a  discussion  of  the 
subject,  the  writer,  Mr.  John  H.  Volkmann,  whom  you  probably  remem¬ 
ber,  will  be  pleased  to  call  upon  you  at  any  time  and  place  that  you 
may  appoint. 

We  are- 

Yours  very  truly. 

/W  /T.Byrr 

(fjt/mtwuftj  ft'..  &ly#r/ 

^  $U*a 


.'t/.J/rii,/,,,,;  ,Cdh-™6. 

MM  29/0  Cor/. 

ee-,  April  11,  1901.^. 



>  S.  Mallory,  Esq.,  \z3e--it  w.»4e/  t'ffcvw/ 

—  '5-e-e- 


Dear  Sir:-  iL 

We  beg  to  remind  you  that  the’  ta^ea...  on  foreign  pat¬ 
ents  for  Apparatus  for  Reheating  Compressed  Air>lTKthe  name 

f  Thomas  A.  Edison,  will  become  due 

/  France, 

Ho.  28S, 908, 

due  May  16,  1901, 


"  142,685, 

»  "  « 


"  110/63,' 


"  112,327, 

w  «  .  w'-i 


"  16,33 5 j 

«  »  ,..n 


"  10,281, 

«  * ■ 


"  24,228, 

"  June  16,  1901, 


"  3,207, 

"  June  20,  190lj 

r  I  | 

Workings . 

0  / 

Ho.  288,908,  ' 

“due  August  30,1901 


"  142,685, 

\  May  16,  1901, 



was  then  being  experimentally  worked  only. 

(W.  S.  M.,  2) 

Italy,  Ho.  110/63, \  duo  May  16,  1901,  amount 

If  you  desire  tckhave  these  taxes  paid  and  v/orkings 
effeoted,  kindly  let  us  have  your  instructions  and  cheok 
for  the  above  amounts  as  soon  as  possible. 

Yours  very  tnxly, 

<1  4_ 

£  ■  V/V<5fc,  teteCsTt ■&-****£->'  >'-(■< - 


Messrs.  Volkmann,  Stollwerck  &  Co.. 

No.  5  Worth  Street,.. 

New  York  City. 

Gentlemen: - 

Your  favor  of  the  18th  ultimo  to  Mr.  Edison,  in  ref¬ 
erence  to  the  German  application  which  has  heen  filed  hy  the 
American  Graphophone  Company  of  Washington  through  the  Col¬ 
umbia  Phonograph  Company,  has  been  referred  to  us. 

We  have  prepared  and  beg  to  enclose  a  statement  giv¬ 
ing  our  views  of  this  situation  and  which  we  think  illus¬ 
trates  the  absolutely  untenable  character  of  any  claim  for 
operating  a  recording  surface  at  a  "velocity  of  about  44  me¬ 
ters  per  minute  wider  the  recording  stylus".  We  suggest 
that  you  communicate  our  views  to  your  Cologne  house,  in  or¬ 
der  that  they  may  be  brought  to  the  attention  of  the  German 
Patent  Office. 

Unfortunately,  in  opposing  a  Ge rmaiuna tan gr 
restricted  to  printed  publications.  Mr.  Edison -s^tSl^ 

work  in  this  country  with  high  velocities  has  unquestionably . ^  ’ 

an  important  bearing  on  the  matter.  If  you  find  that  an 
affidavit  from  Mr.  Edison  detailing  his  own  work  in  this 
line  would  be  of  use  and  would  be  accepted  by  the  German 
Patent  Office,  we  can  probably  secure  such  an  affidavit  for 

(V.,  S.  &  Co., 


We  regret  that  we  have  no  extra  copies  of  the  pat¬ 
ents  nor  of  the  magazine  referred  to  in  our  memoranda,  hut 
have  no  douht  that  these  copies  will  he  found  in  Berlin  and 
can  he  reached  hy  the  German  Office. 

Should  your  Mr.  Volkmann  wish  to  call  on  us  in  ref¬ 
erence  to  this  matter,  we  should  he  glad  to  explain  our 
views  in  full  to  him. 

Yours  very  truly, 





The  invention  by  Edison  of  the  curved  edge  recorder 
resulted  in  the  formation  of  a  record  groove  having  ourved 
walls,  the  waves  or  undulations  of  the  record  being  repre- 
sentad  .byifeouges  :or  depressions  haying  ourved  sides  and  vary¬ 
ing  in  width,  depth  and  length.  The'  depith  of  these  gouges 
necessarily  bears  a  definite  relation  to  their  width,  but 
the  length  of  eaoh  gouge  depends  entirely  upon  the  extent  to 
which  the  reoording  Burfaoe  has  moved  during  its  formation, 

U  e. ,  upon  the;  surf aoe  speed  of  the  reoording  surfaoe  and 
the  rapidity  of  the  vibration.  Edison *s  suggestion  of  a 
spherioal  reproducer  was,  and  muBt  have  been,  made  with  the 
j idea  definitely  in  mind  that  such  a  reproducer  would  accu¬ 
rately  track  suoh  a  reoord,  formed  of  waves  or  gougeB  having 
ourved  walls.  Thus,  in  Sdison'B  United  States  patent  Ho, 
430,278,  dated  June  17,  1890,  he  sald:- 

*1  employ  also  a  reproducing  point  having  a 
convex  circular  bearing  surface  —  that  is  to  say, 
a  bearing  surfaoe  whioh  is  the  surface  of  a  portion 
|  of  a  Bphere.  I  prefer  to  employ  as  a  reproducing 

point  a  ball  or  sphere  at  the  end  of  a  suitable  stem. 
This  is  sipported  so  that  it  has  a  slight  movement 
laterally  of  the  reoord,  and  when  traveling  in  the 
circular  -depressions  formed  by  the, reoording  point 
it  .fits-  suoh  depressions,  and  even  if  the  lever 
whioh  oarries  it  1b  out  of  line  with  the  reoord 
so,  that  the  ball  does  not  stand  vertically  in,  the 
'reoord',  or  if  it  bears  against  the  ourved  sides  of 
the  depressions j  it  reproduced  the  vibrations' with 
the  same  exactness. ,  * 

Any  gouge  or  wave  whioh  is  at  least  as  long  as  it  is 
wide  oan,  therefore,  obviously  be  tracked  by  a  spherioal 
reproducer,  but  if  it  is  less  in  length  ttian  in  width  a 
spherioal  reproducer  will  engage  with  the  end  walls  of  suoh 
a  gouge  and  be  prevented  from  engaging  its  bottom,  i.  e. , 
the  reproducer  will  not  track  to  the  full  depth. 

In  this  and  subsequent  analyses,  it  ie  assumed  that 


th«  dime  tor  of  tho  roproduoor  ia  the  sane  as  that  of  the 
outting  edge  of  the  reoorder;  in  practice,  the  diameter  of 
the  reproducer  is  very  slightly  leas  than  that  diameter, 
so  that  a  gouge  or  wave  which  iB  correspondingly  less  in 
length  than  in  width  oan  theoretically  he  tracked  hy  the 

I  The  phonograph  was  originally  designed  primarily  for 
fioe  use, for  dictation  purposes  etc.,  the  records  being 
rmed  hy  the  operator  in  an  ordinary  conversational  tone  or 
netimes  even  in  a  whisper,  and  being  heard  through  listen- 
g  tubes.  Henoe  when  so  used,  the  amplitude  of  the  sound 
ves  would  be  relatively  slight  and  their  pitoh  oompara- 
vely  low,  and  in  consequence  the  record  would  not  be  char¬ 
tered  by  very  deep  gouges.  Eve n  if  the  surface  speed 

of  the  reoord  were  comparatively  low,  yet  the  limited  ampli¬ 
tude  and  low  pitch  of  vibration  of  the  diaphragm  would  not/ 
result  in  the  formation  of  gouges  of  less  length  than  wld(th. 

Thus,  referring  to  the  attached  drawings,  tho  numer¬ 
al  1  represents  in  oross-Beotion  an  ordinary  spherioal  re¬ 
producer  having  a  diameter  of  about  .76  mm.  (.03  inoh),  2  a 
portion  of  a  cylindrical  recording  surface,  and  3  a  single 
wave  or  depression  whioh  the  reproducer  is  traoking.  The 
dotted  lines  4,  4  represent  the  maximum  width  allowed  on  the 
recording  surface  for  the  formation  of  the  reoord  without 
overlapping  on  the  adjacent  waves  or  depressions  at  either 
side.  The  standard  phonographs  are  made  with  a  thread  of 
•  2B  mm.  (.01  inoh),  so  that  the  width  of  the  path  between 
the  lines  4,  4  is  only  .25  mm.  The  drawings  illustrate 
these  parts  enlarged  one  hundred  times.  The  wave  or  de¬ 
pression  3,  therefore,  has  a  width  of  only  .125  mm.  (.005 
inoh),  and  a  corresponding  length,  and  oan,  therefore,  be 
accurately  tracked  by  the  spheriodL  reproducer.  Obviously, 


I  the  width  of  the  wave  or  depression  3  depend*  entirely  upon 
the  amplitude  of  the  vibration,  dr,  in  other  worda,  upon  the 
intensity  of  the  original  sound,  hut  its  length  depends  upon 
the  speed  at  which  the  recording  surfaoo  is  moving,  as  well 
as  upon  the  pitch  or  rapidity  of  the  vibration. 

Sinoe,  as  stated,  the  phonograph  was  originally  de¬ 
signed  for  dictation  purposes,  and  henoe  for  the  recording 
of  comparatively  low  sounds,  the  surface  speed  of  the  rec¬ 
ord  oould  be  kept  relatively  low,  to  thereby  permit  the  re¬ 
cording  of  a  greater  amount  of  matter  on  the  recording  sur¬ 
face.  For  this  reason,  in  the  original  "Instructions  for 
Using  the  Edison  Phonograph,  Style  'M'",  which  will  be  found 
printed  in  full  in  a  magazine  oalled  the  "Phonogram" , (pub¬ 
lished  by  The  National  Phonograph  Pub.  Co.,  1,'d. ,  World 
Building,  New  York,  copyrighted  1891  by  V.  K.  McRae ) ,  Vol. 

II,  Nos.  87-9,  page  198,  it  was  stated  that:- 

"The  speed  of  the  main  shaft , for  dictating- 
should  not  exceed  seventy  or  eighty  revolutions  per 
minute,  at  which  speed  it  will  take  about  4  1/2  to 
five  minutes  to  cover  the  entire  surfaoe." 

Although  the  original  phonograph  was  designed  prin¬ 
cipally  for  diotatlon  purposes,  the  making  of  musical  rec¬ 
ords  was  still  oontanplated,  but  it  yet--  was  the  intention 
that  such  records  should  be  heard  through  the  listening 
tubes.  Now  if,  in  the  making  of  musical  records  on  the 
original  phonograph,  oare  was  taken  not  to  make  them  top 
loud,  bo  that  the  maximum  amplitude  of  vibration  would  not 
result  in  the  making  of  gouges  or  waves  wider  than  is  Bhown 
in  figure  1»,  and  if  the  pitoh  or  rapidity  of  the  vibration 
was  not  too  greatly  increased,  the  shaft  speed  of  seventy  or 
eighty  revolutions  per  minute  above  referred  to  oould  be 
used  in  the  making  of  musical  reoord»i  and  such  records,  if 
made,  oould  be  Just  as  aoourately  tracked  as  oould  the  orig¬ 
inal  conversation  or  dictation  records.  In  the  making  of 


musical  records,  however,  It  would  he  almost  oertain  that 
many  of  the  vibrations  would  he  of  oonBiderable  angplitud* 
and  of  great  rapidity  due  to  high  pitch,  and,  therefore, 
if  the  surfaoe  spaed  of  the  reoord  were  not  increased,  the 
waves  or  depressions  resulting  from  such  vibrations  would  he 
comparatively  wide  and  deep,  while  at  the  same  time  their 
length  would  not  he  increased. 

jj  Thus,  in  figure  2,  the  gouge  or  wave  5  1b  Bhown  as 

occupying  the  entire  width  between  the  lines  4,  4,  and  hence 
it  is  of  a  maximum  depth.  A  plan  of  suoh  a  gouge  is  shown 
in  figure  ga,  illustrating  it  as  having  only  the  same  length 
as  the  gouge  3,  sinoe  it  is  assumed  to  he  formed  at  the  same 
surface  speed.  In  figure  2*  is  shown  a  cross-section  of 
this  gouge  or  wave,  from  which  it  is  dearly  apparent  that 
the  reproducer  1  oannot  possibly  aoourately  track  it,  hut 
would,  in  fact,  engage  only  its  front  and  rear  edges.  Since 
the  gouges  or  waves  whioh  are  shown  in  figures  la  and  2®  are 
of  the  same  length  hut  of  varying  depth,  it  will  be  obvious 
that  they  are  representative  of  the  same  pitch.  If,  in  ad¬ 
dition  to  being  of  greater  amplitude,  the  gouge  or  wave  of 
figure  2a  were  of  a  higher  pitoh,  or,  in  other  words,  were 
formed  in  less  time,  it  would  be .correspondingly  shortened, 
and; hence  still  more  difficult  to  track. 

In  order  that  gouges  of  this  objectionable  kind 
might  not  be  formed,  it  was  obvious  that  the  epead  of  the 
recording  surface  should  be  increased,  so  that  the  longi¬ 
tudinal  dimension  of  suoh  gouges  should  be  at  least  equal 

I  to  their. transverse  dimension.  Thus,  referring  to  figures 
3  and  3*,. we  show  a  longitudinal  and  plan  view,  respectively, 
of  a;  gouge  or  wave  8,  whioh  has  the  seme  width  and  depths* 
the  gouge  S  and  hence  which  is  graphically  representative  of 
a  vibration  having  the  same  amplitude  and  pitoh,  yet  which 


Is  of  double  the  length,  i.  o.,  formed  at  twice  the  surface 
speed.  Suoh  a  ware  oould,  therefore,  be  accurately  tracked 
by  a  spherical  reproducing  device,  since  its  length  is  at 
least  equal  to  its  width.  In  consequence,  the  Borne  "In¬ 
structions"  from  which  we  have  above  quoted  said:- 

"Observe  this  carefully  when  reproducing  music, 
as  a  different  speed  from  that  at  whioh  the  muBio 
was  recorded  will  reproduce  an  entirely  different 
pitoh.  The  standard  speed  at  whioh  musical  records 
are  taken  should  be  about  12S  revolutions  per  min- 
ute."  '  ~  ” 

Here,  then,  we  have  a  distinct  recognition  of  the  fact  that 
an  inoreaee  in  speed  was  desirable  in  recording  and  repro¬ 
ducing  musio,  and  the  only  explanation  which  oan  be  given 
for  these  instructions  is  that  by  increasing  the  speed  of 
the  recording  surfaoe  the  formation  of  record  waves  or  goug¬ 
es  would  be  avoided  whioh  oould  not  be  accurately  tracked  by 
a  spherical  reproducer.  In  other  wordB,  since  the  amplitude 
of  vibration  determines  the  width  and  depth  of  the  individu¬ 
al  gouges  or  waves,  and  the  speed  of  the  recording  surface 
and  pitch  determine  the  length  of  suoh  gouges  or  waves,  then 
as  the  amplitude  of  vibration  or  pitoh,  or  both,  are  in¬ 
creased,  the  surface  speed  should  be  correspondingly  in¬ 
creased,  in  order  that  the  oorreot  traokable  form  of  suoh 
gouges  or  waves  may  be  preserved. 

The  development  of  the  phonographlo  art  became  prao- 
tioally  arrested  along  the  lines  of  offioe  work,  but  in¬ 
creased  enormously  along  the  line  of  musical  reproduction. 

The  publio  demand  beoame  stronger  and. stronger  for  louder 
records,  whioh  oould  be  heard  through  a  horn.  The  standardi 
of  eizs  of  record  blanks,  pitoh  of  record  groove,  and  shaft 
speed  of  mandrel,  which  had  been  adopted  by  Edison,  made  it 
diffioult  to  depart  from  them,  so  that  the  publle  demand  was 
attempted  to  be  met  by  all  the  manufacturers  by  simply  making 
the  records  louder.  These  loud  musical  reoords  were  ohar- 


aoterised  by  the  formation  of  some  gouge b  whioh  actually 
overlapped  the  path  of  the  reoord  groove  and  whioh  were  very 
deep.  ThuB,  such  a  wave  or  depression  is  shown  at  7,  in 
arose -section  and  plan  respectively,  figures  4  and  4a.  Moat 
if  not  all,  of  the  gouges  thus  formed  in  the  loud  reoordB 
were  characterised  by  being  shorter  in  length  than  in  width, 
and  in  consequence  they  oould  not  be  tracked  by  a  spherical 
reproducer,  whioh,  in  fact,  was  only  allowed  to  enter  the 
depressions  to  a  comparatively  limited  extent,  as  shown  in 
figure  4b,  illustrating  a  longitudinal  section  of  the  reoord 
7.  As  soon  as  the  public  demand  was  sueh  that  the  expense 
of  new  instruments  oould  be  afforded,  it  only  became  neces¬ 
sary  to  do  with  the  present  loud  musical  records  what  had 
been  done  originally  with  the  first  musical  reoords,  namely, 
to  prevent  the  formation  of  the  objectionable  portions  of 
suoh  records,  by  inoreaBing  the  speed  of  the  recording  sur¬ 
face.  When  this  speed  is  sufficiently  high,  the  very  deep 
portions  of  the  reoord,  even  when  representative  of  sounds 
of  high  pitch,  will  never  be  Iobb  in  depth  than  in  width. 
Thus,  in  figures  5  and  5s,  we  show  in  longitudinal  section 
and  plan  a  wave  or  gouge  8,  which  haB  the  same  depth  as  the 
wave  7  but  whioh  is  extended  longitudinally  by  reason  of 
an  increase  in  surface  speed,  so  that  a  spherical  reproducer 
can  accurately  engage  it.  .  In  other  words,  the  same  differ¬ 
ence  whioh  existed  between  the  very  early  musical  reoords. 
and  the  dictation  reoordB  for  hearing  through  listening 
tubes  exists  at  the  present  time  between  the  standard  musi¬ 
cal  reoords  and  the  loud  "Concert"  reoords,  namely,  that  the 
latter  record  in  eaoh  case  is  characterised  by  the  formation 
of  deep  gouges,  and  the  lengthening  out  of  these  gouges  so 
as  to  make  them  of  suoh  a  form  that  they  oould  be  accurately 
tracked  by  a  spherical  reproducer  presented  the  same  problem 



in  the  first  instance  as  in  the  second  instance,  tod  that 
problem  waa  solved  in  the  soma  way  in  both  oases,  i.  a, ,  by 
increasing  the  spaed  of  the  recording  surfaoe  relatively  to 
the  recorder. 

As  further  explanatory  of  the  accompanying  drawings, 

it  will  be  assumed  in  each  case  that  the  parts  are  enlarged 

one  hundred  times,  and  that  the  record  cylinder  is  of  the 

usual  diameter  of  55.56  mm.  (2  3/l6  inohes).  In  figures  1, 

la,  2,  PA  and  2h,  if  the  record  oylinder  is  turned  at  a 

shaft  speed  of  75  revolutions  per  minute,  as  specified  in 

the  Ed i e on  "Instructions"  referred  to,  a  gouge  or  depression 

of1  the  length  shown  (.125  mm.)  will  be  formed  in  *  _  of  a 


second.  If,  however,  the  reoord  is  turned  at  a  speed  of 
125  revolutions  per  minute,,  as  is  also  specified  in  the  .''In¬ 
structions", for  the  recording  of  music,  then  the  gouge  or 
depression  having  the  same  depth  and  width  and  formed  in  the 
same  time,  i.  a. ,  of  same  pitch,  would  be  relatively  elong¬ 
ated,  and  if  the  shaft  speed  were  doubled  to  150  revolutions 
per  minute,  the  gouge  or  depression  of  figure  2*  would  be 
extended  to  the  form  shown  in  figure  3®.  In  figures  4,  4» 
and  4b ,  assuming  the  shaft  to  be  turning  at  125  revolutions 
per  minute,  resulting  in  the  formation  of  a  very  deep  but. 
short  gouge  or  wave,  the  length  of  time  required  to  fora 
Buoh  a  gouge  or  depression  is  of  a  second.  In  order, 
therefore,  that  a  wave  of  this  depth  may  be  elongated  to  the 
form  shown  in  figureB  5  and  5a,  the  surfaoe  speed  of  the 
reoord  would  have  to  be  correspondingly  increased.  There¬ 
fore,  in  order  to  fora  a  gouge  or  depression  of  the  size 
shown  in  figures  5  and  6»  in  the  same  time  as  in  figures  4, 
4A  and  4b,  or,  in  other  words,  to  produce  ah  elongated  rec¬ 
ord  of  the  same  vibration,  the  reoord  will  be  turned  at  21? 
revolution?  per  minute,  or  to  eeoure  the  same  effect  with  a 



shaft  speed  of  125  revolutions  per  minute,  the  diameter  of 
the  record  should  he  increased  to  138.68  mm.  (5.46  inohes). 

These  factB  have  been  recognized  by  Mr.  Edison  sinoe 
the  inception  of  the  art,  and  they  muBt  he  obvious  to  per¬ 
sons  intimately  familiar  with  phonographic  work.  Possibly, 
however,  the  microscopically  small  character  of  these  rec¬ 
ords  has  prevented  the  usual  observer  from  noting  the  pe¬ 
culiarities  in  the  waves  or  depressions  above  referred  to. 
If,  however,  a  phonograph  record  of  sounds  of  high  pitch 
or  of  great  amplitude,  or  both,  taken  at  relatively  low 
speed,  be  examined  through  the  miorosoope,  it  will  be  found 
that  many  of  the  waves  or  depressions,  perhaps  all  of  them, 
will  be  greater  in  width  than  in  length,  and  it  will  be 
readily  seen  that  they  oould  not  be  traoked  by  a  spherioal 
reproducer,  If,  on  the  other  hand,  a  reoord  of  the  eamo 
sounds  made  at  a  higher  surface  speed  be  examined  through 
the  miorosoope,  it  will  be  found  that  the  wavos  or  depres¬ 
sions  are  relatively  elongated,  so  that  they  oan  be  traoked 
by  such  a  reproducer.  These  factB  have  been  so  obvious  to 
Mr.  Edison  and  his  associates  since  the  very  foundation  of 
the  art  that  he  has  not  considered  it  necessary  to  make  a 
public  explanation  of  them,  as  they  were  oapable  of  verifi¬ 
cation  by  anyone  scientifically  examining  into  the  question. 
The  references  to  the  "Phonogram"  before  referred  to  con¬ 
stitute^  therefore,  the  only  direct  public  reoord  we  oan 
find  pointing  out  the  desirability  of  a  relatively  Msb  space 
in  the  recording  and  reproduction  of  music  in  ooqparison 
with  that  of  dictation. 

A  public  document  which,  however,  has  some  bearing 
on  the  question,  is  Edison »b  U.  8.  patent  Ho.  610,706,  dataA 
September  13,  1898,  patented  in  England  September  8,  1891, 

HO.  15,206.  In  this  patent,  provision  is  made  for  recording 


either  upon  a  blank  4*  or  upon  a  larger  blank  4.  The  for¬ 
mer  is  shown  as  being  less  than  one-third  the  diameter  of 
the  latter.  The  intention  was  that  reoords  made  on  the 
smaller  blanks  could  be  transported  through  the  malls  in  the 
place  of  letters,  while  the  larger  blanks  were  used  for  dic¬ 
tation  purposes,  for  transcription  by  a  typewriter.  In  re¬ 
cording  on  the  smaller  blanks,  the  record  was  made  in  a  very 
low  tone  of  voioe  or  in  a  whisper,  while  in  recording  on  the 
larger  blanks  the  record  would  have  to  be  loud  enough  to  be 
hoard  by  a  typewriter  operator  above  the  noise  of  the  ma¬ 
chine  and  any  other  usual  noises  of  an  office  or  commercial 
establishment.  Henoe,  the  records  made  on  the  smaller 
blanks  v/ere  of  low  amplitude  and  pitch,  and  consequently 
of  short  width,  while  the  reoords  made  on  the  larger  blanks 
were  of  greater  amplitude  and  pitch,  and  consequently  of 
greater  width.  With  the  former  reoords,  the  formation  of 
waves  or  gouges  whloh  would,  he  of  less  length  than  width  : 
could  be  avoided  by  operating  the  blanks  at  a  relatively  low 
Burfaoe  speed,  while  with  the  latter  records  that  result 
oould  only  be  obtained  by  operating  the  blanks  at  a  higher 
surface  speed.  In  consequenoe,  with  the  machine  in  question 
the  mailing  blanks  were,  as  stated,  made  of  small  diameter, 
and  the  dictation  blanks  were  made  of  large  diameter,  so. 
that  the  neoessary  surface  speed  could  be  secured  in  either 
oase  by  maintaining  a  constant  shaft  speed  in  all  oases. 

It  thus  appears  from  Ediflon*s  work  that  he  has  ap¬ 
preciated  the  necessity  of  increasing  the  surfaoe  speed  of 
a  recording  surface  when  reoordB  of  considerably  amplitude 
or  high  pitch  are  to  be  made,  and  that  he  haB  suggested  that 
this  increase  can  be  effected  either  by  increasing  the  shaft 
speed  or  by  increasing  the  diameter  of  the  record. 

We  submit,  therefore,  that  a  claim  covering  broadly 


[operation  of  a  reoording  surface  at  a  surface  speed  of 
east  forty-four  meters  per  minute,  or  any  other  abnor- 
y  high  speed,  does  not  present  a  patentable  invention 
he  sense  of  Section  I  of  the  German  patent  law.  On  the 
rary,  it  seems  to  us  to  he  merely  the  exercise  of  the 
nary  skill  of  a  phonograph  operator,  who,  seeking  to 
a  very  loud  record,  prevents  the  formation  of  waves  or 
qb  whioh  are  of  greater  width  than  length  by  merely  in- 
sing  the  surface  speed  of  the  record  surface. 


If  there  is  any  explanation  of  the  improved  repro- 
lon  whioh  is  scoured  by  operating  the  reoording  surface 
high  surface  speed,  we  believe  it  1b  that  whioh  we  have 
»  given,  namely,  that  the  inoreaoe  in  the  surface  speed 
Its  in  the  lengthening  out  of  the  record,  so  that  it  can 
lourately  tracked  by  the  spherical  reproducer  even  when 
the  vibrations  whioh  produce  it  are  of  great  amplitude  or 
high  pltoh.  It  is  possible,  however,  that  the  Columbia 
Company,  in  their  application  for  German  patent,  may  have 
given  the  same  theoretical  explanation  of  the  improved  re¬ 
sult  whioh  was  given  by  them  in  support  of  the  correspond¬ 
ing  Chited  StateB  application.  That  theory  may  be  briefly  j 
stated  to  be:-  First,  that  in  recording,  the  high  speed 

Ilduses  the  reoording  surface  to  be  withdrawn  always  out  of 
.ine  with  the  heel  of  the  cutting  tool,  so  that  a  res is t- 
.nce  due  to  that  fact  will  not  be  imposed  on  the  recorder; 

.nd  second,  that  by  operating  the  record  at  a  high  speed 
he  velooity  of  movement  of  the  reproducer  will  be  oorres- 
ondingly  increased. 

(a)  Of  oourae,  there  is  a  minimum  speed  whioh  can 
e  effectively  used  in  the  making  of  any  kind  of  reoordi 


I  with  a  cutting  or  gouging  tool,  and  particularly  with  a  tool 
which  in  plaoed  at  an  angle  to  the  blank.  If  the  speed  of 
the  reoord  is  too  low  compared  to  the  vibrations  of  the  cut¬ 
ting  tool,  there  would  be  danger  of  the  portion  of  the  out- 
ting  tool  immediately  behind  its  cutting  edge  engaging  with 
the  orent  and  posterior  wall  of  the  gouge,  whereby  a  greater 
resistance  would  be  imposed  upon  the  cutting  tool  than  that 
due  strictly  to  the  outting  action.  This  would  tend  to 
dampen  the  vibrations  and  prevent  the  reoord  from  being  out 
to  a  depth  graphically  representative  of  the  original  sound. 
Edison  has,  however,  very  clearly  recognised  this  point  in 
his  United  States  patents  numbered  393,967  and  393,968,  from 
the  latter  of  which  patents  the  following  station  ie  made:- 

,  "*?+mv?ht,b0  ®upp0Bed  that  *  outting  tool  would 
be  unsuitable  for  the  recording  point  and  that  the 
heel  of  the  tool  would  strike  the  bottom  of  the 
S  formation  of  a  perfect  reo- 

ord,  or  obliterate  the  reoord  ae  made  by  smoothing 
t* indentations  more  or  less;  but 
I  have  found  that  the  movement  of  the  recording  sur. 
face  is  sufficient  to  keep  the  heel  of  the  tool 
clear  of  the  indentations." 

(b)  The  assumption  that  a  high  speed  results  in 
more  rapid  movements  of  the  diaphragm  is,  of  oourse,  without 
any  basis  in  fact.  If  a  wave  or  gouge  of  a  certain  depth 
is  made  at  one  speed  and  another  wave  of  the  same  depth  is 
made  at  another  epeed,  the  reproduction  from  either  gouge 
or  wave  will  move  the  diaphragm  to  exactly  the  same  extent 
and  in  exactly  the  same  time  as  was  required  to  produce  the 
depression,  so  as  to  give  a  reproduction  thereof.  if  the 
diaphragm  did  not  move  responsively  to  the  wave,  the  repro- 
jduotion  would  not  correspond  to  the  original  sound. 

We  submit,  therefore,  that  so  far  as  the  first  hy- 
potheeis  is  concerned,  the  heeling  of  the  recording  device 
takes  place  only  when  the  reoord  surfaoe  is  moving  at  a 
|very  slow  speed,  and  that  Edison,  in  the  patents  referred 


to,  distinctly  recognises  this possibility  and  suggests 
that  in  every  instance  the  speed  of  the  recording  surface 
should  he  high  enough  to  prevent  suoh  an  operation  from 
taking  plaos;  and  that  ao  far  as  the  second  hypothesis  is 
oonoerned,  it  is  entirely  without  foundation. 


/'*\mA>  Z.&yrr 


&  w; 

'#  -A-  ^  ^  /7X ,  '.fy> 

,w.A&  ■ 


M.AZ  mm  r<»u \ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.. 


■9/^344  June  3,  1901.  f 

Dear  Sir,- 

¥e  heg  to  enclose  a  copy  of  the  decision  received 
today  in  the  niokel-iron  case,  from  which  you  will  see  that 
the  Examiners  in  Chief  sustained  the  rejection  of  the  Exami¬ 
ner  of  the  claims  on  the  nickel  oxide  alone,  hut  reversed 
the  Examiner's  decision  in  reference  to  the  claims  on  the 
iron,  and  also  the  claims  on  the  iron  and  nickel  in  combina¬ 
tion.  Of  the  claims  appealed,  the  Examiners  in  Chief  allow 
claims  10,  11,  12,  13,  14,  15,  19,  20,  21,  22,  32  and  33, 
and  reject  claims  1,  2,  4,  5,  7,  8,  and  27  to  31  inclusive. 
The  claims  allowed  are  good,  hut  they  are  not  all  to  which 
you  are  entitled,  in  our  opinion.  You  will  note  that  the 
Examiners  in  Chief,  in  rejecting  the  hroad  claims  on  the 
nickel,  rely  wholly  on  the  patent  to  Ahel,  hut  they  have 
apparently  misconstrued  the  reference,  as  they  seem  to  he 
Tinder  the  impression  that  the  underscored  words  "which  have 
the  property  of  passing  to  a  higher  state  of  oxidation  hy 
combining  with  oxygen"  refer  to  the  passage  of  nickel  oxide 
beyond  the  peroxide  state.  You  will  note  that  the  Exami¬ 
ners  in  Chief  also  refer  to  a  higher  oxide  of  nickel  men- 

tioned  "by  Fehling  as  having  the  fomula  M4O7,  and  to  a 
statement  in  Watts's  Dictionary  referring  to  a  nickel  oxide 
having  more  oxygen  than  HigOg.  Even  if  these  higher  nickel 
oxides  were  known,  it  does  not  follow  that  Abel  expected  to 
obtain  them.  The  Examiners  in  Chief  in  their  decision  do 
not  refer  to  the  bearing  of  the  Miohalowski  patent  on  the 
Abel  reference,  and  from  which  we  think  it  very  clearly  ap¬ 
pears  that  Abel  never  employed  an  available  oxide  as  you  de¬ 
scribe  it.  The  decision  strikes  us  as  being  entirely  wrong 
and  illogical,  and  we  think  the  claims  on  the  nickel  should 
be  appealed  to  the  Commissioner  and  if  necessary  to  the 
Court  of  Appeals. 

The  claimB  on  the  iron  and  on  the  combination  of 
iron  and  nickel  being  allowed,  we  suggest  that  a  separate 
divisional  application  be  filed  covering  those  features, 
which  application  we  have  no  doubt  will  be  immediately  al¬ 
lowed  by  the  Examiner  and  can  then  be  issued.  When  the 
divisional  application  is  filed,  all  the  claims  in  the  ori¬ 
ginal  oase  except  those  which  cover  the  nickel  oxide  can 
then  be  erased,  and  the  appeal  to  the  Commissioner  continued 
on  those  claims.  In  this  way  no  time  would  be  lost  in  se¬ 
curing  the  main  patent,  and  the  later  date  of  the  nickel 
oxide  patent  would  be  of  value.  You  understand,  of  course, 
that  the  Examiner  allows  claims  on  the  oxide  of  niokel  when 
combined  with  flake  graphite. 

Our  Mr.  Frank  1.  Dyer  leaves  for  Washington  this 

afternoon,  tut  will  te  at  the  laboratory  on  Wednesday,  when 
the  matter  can  then  be  discussed. 



k  Bergmann-  * 

El ekfricifals  -  Utter ke  Jlkh'en gesellsch  a  //: 

Maschinen -Abtheilung. 

My  dear  Mr.  Dyer, 

Not  being  in  possession  of  your  address,  I  send 
this  through  Mr.  P.  H.  Klein  of  the  General  Incandescent  Arc 
Light  Co,  New  York. 

I  haye  sent  Mr.  Edison  about  four  weeks  ago  an  expose  of 
Professor  Wohl,  an  eminent  electro-chemist  at  the  Berlin  University, 
who  has  gone  into  the  Edison  applications.  I  haye  secured  his 
counsel  and  it  seems  to  me  he  has  gone  into  the  matter  quite 

I  send  you  enclosed  a  translation  as  well  as  a  copy  of  the 
original  text,  so  as  to  enable  you  to  check  any  point  in  ray 
translation  that  may  be  doubtful,  as  my  chemical  knowledge  has 
becaae  somewhat  rusty. 

I  am  to-day  in  receipt  of  a  letter  from  Dr.  Tell,  who  handles 
the  Edison  cases  here,  who  tells  me  that  he  is  urged  by  the 
Patent  Office  to  make  his  decision  about  the  separate  applications 
requested  by  the  Patent  Office.  : 

Bergmann-Elektrifcitats-Werke,  Aktiengesellschaft  fMaschinen-Abtheilung) 

Richard  Dyer,  Esq.,  Hew  York.  18th.  Sep.  1901. 

In  the  opinion  of  Professor  Wohl,  you  will  find  precise  propositions 
aB  to  the  seperation  necessary  according  to  German  Patent  practice. 

I  have  to-day  cabled  to  Mr.  Edison  urging  him  to  confer 
with  you  without  further  delay. 

The  patent  office  has  yet  Granted  us  four  weeks  time  for 
entering  our  reply  and  will  gire  no  more. 

Please  give  this  your  immediate  attention  and  if  necessary 
cable  adressing  "  Pulgura  Berlin  ". 




Sr.  Alfred  Wohl,  Oharlottenburg  den  3.  Aug.  1901 

On  tvarsttiits-Professor. 


xiber  die  deutschen  Paten tanmeldungen 
f  des  Herrn  Thomas  Alva  Edison 


einen  Oadntum-Kupfer-  und  Eisen-Nickel  Akkumulator 

Ser  Ero'rterung  der  einselnen  Punkte  ist  folgendes  im 
allgemetnen  vorausaus chicken: 

Es  ist  Orundsata  des  deutschen  Patentamtes,  dass  ein 
Erf  indung sgedanke,  der  auvor  ausgesprochon  warden  ist,  in  seiner 
Allgemetnheit  nicht  mehr  unter  Patentschuta  gestellt  werden  kann, 
auch  wenn  die  erste  beschrlebene  Ausfiihrung  hochst  unvollkommen 
war‘  Etnem  spateren  Anmelder  wird  vielmehr  nur  noah  der  Schutx 
A  auf  die  besonderen  Maassregeln  beaw.  Merkmale  gewahrt,  durch  die  der  - 

selbe  den  auvor  ausgesprochenen  Oedanken  prakttsch  wtrksam  gemacht, 
beaw.  verbessert  hat.  Ein  Ankampfen  gegen  dlese  feststehende 
Praxis  tst  sehr  wenlg  aussichtsvoll ,  besondars  in  vorliegendem 
Falle.  Venn  es  sich  ndmlich  nur  um  etne  Li tteraturs telle  handelte, 
die  auf  Orund  des  §2  der  Neuheit  entgegengehalten  wird,  dann 
Hesse  stch  vielletcht  dagegen  elnwenden,  dass  die  Erftndung  an 
■  der  beaiig lichen  Stelle  ntch  so  beschrieben  set,  ", doss  danach 
die  Benutaung  durch  ondere  Sachverstandige  mogltch  erschetnt." 

Bet  dem  hier  entgegengehal tenon  Patent  Jungner  handelt  es  stch 
aber  um  ein  au  Becht  bestehendes  Patent  und  dieses  schlt*$st  spa- 
,  tore  Anmeldungen  auf  Orund  des  §3  aus;  in  dtesem  Paragraphen  tst 

aber  etne  Klausel  nicht  vorgesehen  ,  beaiigllch  der  Art  der  Beschret- 
bung,  sondern  es  tst  schlechthin  ausgesprochon  ,  dass  die  spatere 
Annie  ldung  -  natiirltch  in  threr  Allgemetnheit  -  ausgeschlossen  set  , 




wenn  "die  Erftndung  Oegenstand  des  Patents  des  fruheren  Anmelders 
ist".  Auf  den  Etnwand  unvollkommener  Beschreibung  konnte  also  erst 
suriiokgegriffen  werden  ,  wenn  es  gelange,  das  Patent  wegen  mangeln- 
der  Verwertbarke it  ntchtig  su  machen  • 

Die  etngehenda  Krttlk  des  Patentee  Jungner  und  ebonso  des  al- 
teren  Patentes  Dun  duroh  Edison  ist  sioher  geetgnet,  urn  den  Vert 
der  Portschrltte  dieses  Erfinders  klarsulegen  und  damit  den  Er- 
findungscharakter  seiner  Neuerung  su  begriindan  ,  aber  diese  Aus- 
fUhrungen  sind  aus  den  oben  dargelegten  Oriinden  in  dam  augen- 
bltoklichen  Stadium  der  Angelegenheit  in  ketnar  Veise  geelgnet, 
die  allgemein  gehaltenen  AnsrpUche  su  rechtfarttgen  . 

In  einigen  Punkten  ist  diese  Kritik  auoh  wohl  sachlioh  nioht 
gans  etnwandfret;  so  flndet  sioh  in  der  Auseinandersetsung  gegen 
Patent  Dun  ein  nioht  unwesentltches  Mtssverstandntss •  Dun  hat  nioht 
gesagt,  dass  die  beigemengten  Metalloxyde  als  Vebertr'dger  das 
Kupfer  hoher  oxydteren  ,  sondem  tm  geraden  Oegenteil,  dass  das 
labile  Kupfersuperoxyd  als  Uebertrager  die  Oxydation  der  anderen 
Metal le  befordert. 

Earner  ersohaint  es  dem  Unterf ertigten  durch  die  Ausfiihrungen 
des  Harm  Edison  nioht  widerlegt  su  sein  ,  dass  die  Bildung  los- 
licher  blauer  Kupfersalse  auf  der  hoheren  Oxydation  des  Kupfers 
beruhe  .  Dleser  Punkt  wtrd  wetter  unten  ndhar  erortert  warden. 

I.  Kupferelektrode  . 

Herr  Edison  hat  fur  die  Bildung  losltcher  Kupfersalse  bet 
den  fruheren  Kupferelektroden  ketne  Erklarung  gegeben  und  ebenso- 
wenig  begriindet,  warum  dieser  Nachteil  bet  seiner  Anordnung  ,aus- 
blaibt.  Es  wtrd  nur  bestritten,  dass  die  Bildung  lb'slloher  Kupfer¬ 
salse  auf  ho'herer  Oxydation  beruhe  ,  wetl  die  Bildung  von  Kupfer- 
oxydul  und  losllchen  Kupfersalsen  gleichsettto  beoibachtet  warden. 
Dieser  Orund  ist  Jedoch  nioht  beweisend  .  Obwohl  etna  Theorte 




Stromverteilung  an  tnhomogenen  Elektroden  btsher  nlcht  existiert  , 
so  ist  es  doch  unzwetfelhaft,  dass  die  Stromdlchte  an  verschtedenen 
Stellen  elner  tnhomogenen  Elektrode  vdrschleden  seln  kann  . 
Dementsprechend  kann  auoh  das  Oxydattonspotential  an  ver&chiedenen 
Stellen  der  tnhomogenen  Elektrode  verschteden  seln  ,  und  so  er- 
schetnt  es  wohl  moglich,  dass  gletchaettig  an  den  Stellen  ,  wo 
fein  verteiltes  Kupfer  Itegt,  Kupferoxydul  und  an  Stellen  ,  wo 
dlchtes  Oder  blankes  Kupfer  Itegt,  Kupferoxydhydrat  ents teht . 

Nun  1st  die  Alkaltlauge  ntemals  kohl ensaure fret  ,  und  Kupfer- 
oxydhydrat-  und  carbonat  stnd  tn  kohlensauren  Alkalten  bekanntlioh 
mit  blauer  Fatbe  lSslioh .  Der  Unterferttgte  steht  demnaoh  In 
dtesem  Verhalten  die  Erklarung  fur  die  Entdeckung  Edisons,  dass 

der  Aussohluss  ld'sltcher  Kupfersalae  duroh  die  vollstandioe _ 

Homogenttat  der  Kupfer elektrode  bedingt  ist  und  empftehlt  dtese 
Auffassung  bet  Formulterung  des  Patentanspruchas  su  Orunde  su 
legen  und  aueh  tn  der  Beschrelbung  dam  Paten tam/tejausetnandersu- 
setzen.  Der  Anspruoh  I  wiirde  demnach  etwa  lauten: 

Aus  Kupferoxydul  bestehende  positive  Poleiftrode  fur  Akkumu- 
latoron,  erhalten  durchelektrolytische  Oxydatton  etnes  ganz  homo- 
genen  Kupf erschwammes  der  von  Metallkornern  und  wasentlich  verdtchte- 
ten  Stellen  so  vollstandlg  fret  ist ,  dass  die  Stromdlchte  an  alien 
Stellen  dieselbe  tst  und  dadurch  lokale  Veberoxydatlon  und  Btldung 
los Itcher  Kupferoxydsalze  vermieden  wlrd . 

Anspruch  IX  erscheint  zuldssig;  Anspruch  III  ist  indlsputabel 
solange  Patent  Jungner  zu  Becht  besteht. 

II.  Ntckel-Elektrode . 

Durch  das  amerikanische  Patent  3451S4  sind  Nickel elektroden, 
hergestellt  durch  Formieren  etnes  Qemenges  von  Ntckelhydroxyd  mit 
Oraphit,  bakannt  geworden.  Dem  gegeniiber  enthalt  m.E.  die  urspriing- 
liche  Anmeldung  auf  Nickels lektroden  nichts  Neues,  dessen  Schutz 


lohnend  erschetnen  kb'nnte.  Ob  das  Etntauchen  der  Masse  in  Kalk- 
wasser  fur  die  Bravchbarkeit  etna  wesentltche  Nolle  spielt  ,  kann 
ohne  besondere  Experiments  nicht  beurtellt  warden;  diese  Maassregel 
ist  das  etnztge,  was  unter  Sehutz  gestellt  warden  konnte.  Im 
ubrtgen  erschetnt  der  prakttsche  Sehutz  durch  die  nachfolgende 
Anme Idung  auf  elne  verbesserte  Nickelelektrode  geniigand  gesichert 
zu  sein  . 

In  dteser  zwatten  Anmeldung  auf  aine  Nickelelektrode  stnd 
drei  verschtedene  Erfindungen  beschrieben  und  es  erschetnt  notwan- 
dtg,  etna  Aeusserung  des  Herrn  Edison  daruber  herbeizufuhren  , 
ob  err  as  fur  praktisch  notwendig  halt  ,  Jede  etnzelne  derselben 
besonders  unter  Sehutz  zu  stellen;  dann  sind  allerdings  dret 
gesonderte  Anmeldungen  unvermeidl teh.  Es  kann  etnzeln  unter  Sehutz 
gestellt  warden  : 

1.  Ntekeldapolartsattonselektrode ,  gekennzetchnet  durch  die 
Anwendung  etnas  nicht  kolloidalen  Nlckeloxgdulhydrats , 
das  durch  Fallen  von  Nickelsalzlosungen  mlttels  Magnesia 
Oder  alkalisehen  Erden  erhalten  und  nach  dem  Etnfullen 
in  dan  Massetrager  durch  den  Strom  formiert  wtrd. 

3.  Nickeldepolarisationselektrode  ,  gekennzetchnet  durch  die 
Anwendung  von  Nickeloxydhydrat,  das  auf  nassem  Wage  gewon- 
nen  Und  tn  den  Massetrag'er  aingetragen  wtrd,  um  die  Schwel- 
lung  des  Materials  betm  Formteren  durch  den  Strom  zu 

Die  letztere  Anmeldung  ware  wie  folgt  zu  begrunden: 

Es  ist  btsher  fur  Nickelelektrodan  entweder  durch  Oliihen 
erhaltenes  Ntckeloxyd  Oder  Ntckeloxyd'ulhydrat  verwendet 
worden,  das  erst  durch  den  Strom  zu  Nickelhydroxid  formiert 
wurde.  Dabei  trttt  durch  Sauers  toff auf nahma  etna  Schwel- 
lung  etn,  die  die  Herstellung  bazw.  Haltbarkeit  der 
Elektroden  sto'rt.  Dieser  Uebelstand  wtrd  beseitigt  , 



tndem  das  Nickelhydroxydul  auf  chemtsehem  ffega  vor  dam 
Mischen  mtt  einam  Tr'dger  in  das  Nickelhydroxtd  (  wasser- 
halttges  Ni  s0)3  ubergefiihrt  wtrd  .  Dies  ist  neu  und  etn 
wesent licher  Futschrttt  ,  weil  die  so  erreichbar  feinste 
Verteilung  eine  sahr  vollstandige  Ausixutsung  der  Oxy- 
dattonsfahtgkeit  des  Nickels  gestattet  .  Das  tm  ameri— 
kanischen  Patent  345124  erwahnte  Ntckeloxydrat  ist  wohl 

Ni  (OH)  dann  bekanntlich  ist  die  Art  der  Beseichnung 

als  Oxydul  und  Oxyd  hter  hochst  schwankend  .  Dafiir, 
dass  das  geuiohnltche  Hydroxid  des  sweiwerttgen  Nickels 
gametnt  tst,  sprtcht  auch  dassim  folgenden  davon  die 
Hade  tst,  dass  die  der  Peroxydatton  fahtge  Masse  Sauerstoff 
au/ntmmt  . 

Sollte  die  Vermutung,  dass  im  ameri kanischen  Patent 
345124  das  gawohnllche  Nickeloxydulhydrat  gametnt  set, 
stch  nicht  aufrecht  erhalten  lassen  ,  dann  tst  der  hier 
unter  2  verseichnete  Anspruch  nicht  su  halten,  und  es  wiir- 
de  stch  fur  dtesan  Fall  empfehlen,  1  und  2  wte  folgt  su 
komb interen: 

Nickeldepolarlsattonselektrode,  gakennsetchnet  durch 
die  Anwendung  etnas  nicht  kolloidalen  Nickel oxydulhydrats , 
das  durch  Fallen  von  Ntckelsalslosungen  mittels  Magnesia 
Oder  alkal tschen  Erden  erhalten  und  entweder  vor  dem 
Etnfullen  in  den  Massetrager  auf  nassem  Wage  Oder  nach 
dem  Einfullen  in  dan  Massetrager  durch  den  Strom  su 
Ntckeloxydrat  oxydiert  wtrd. 

Die  Anwendung  des  Oraphtts  in  der  hter  baschrteben  Form 
diirfte  am  besten  sum  O^genstand  einer  besonderen  Anmel- 
dung  gemacht  warden  ,  die  sowohl  die  Benutsung  fur  die 
Nickel-  als  fur  die  anderen  Elektroden  umfasst.  Oegen- 
iiber  dem  Einwand  des  Patentamtes  gegen  dan  Erftndungs- 
charakter  dieser  Massnahme,  empfehle  ich  die  Fassung  des 


Anspruches ,  wte  folgt: 

Bet  Elektroden,  deren  wirksame  Masse  durch  Mtschen 
von  Metal len,  Metalloxyden  oder  Metal loxydhraten  mtt 
Oraphit  Oder  einem  anderen  leitenden  und  unangreifbaren 
Material  hergestellt  Ultra,  die  Anwendung  von  grobkorntgem 
Oraphit  etc.  dessen  Komgrosse  belm  Mtschen  der  Masse 
erhalten  bletbt,  kombintert  mtt  der  Anordnung  von  Sleb- 
platten  an  den  Massetragem  sum  Halten  der  Masse,  bet 
denen  dte  Sieblocher  kletner  stnd,  als  die  Korngrb'sse 
des  Oraphtts. 

III.  Etsenelektrode . 

Die  Anspriiche  3  &  4  der  urspriing lichen  Anmeldung  uierden 
durch  das  Patent  107727  vollig  ausgeschlossen  .  Anspruch  5  erscheint 
soweit  dte  Lltteratur  bisher  erortert  worden  ist,  zulassig,  muss 
dann  aber  unbedingt  Gegenstand  einer  besonderen  Anmeldung  btlden  . 

In  dieser  Anmeldung  waren  dte  Vortelle  der  Kombination  Eisen-Nlckel 
entsprechend  den  Ausfiihrungen  des  Herrn  Edison  darzulegen  •  V tel¬ 
le  icht  empftehlt  es  s  tch  ,  die  urspriing  1  tche  Anmeldung  auf  diesen 
Punkt  (Anspruch  5  und  6  )  su  beschr  anken  und  die  Etsenelektrode 
(Anspruch7)  sum  Gegenstand  einer  neuen  Anmeldung  zu  machen ;  die 
weitere  Verbesserung  der  Etsenelektrode  konnte  dannals  Zusatz  zu 
dieser  abgezwetgten  Hauptanmeldung  dienen. 

Dte  auf  die  Etsenelektrode  beziigliche  Anmeldung  ware  wte 
folgt  zu  begriinden  ,  vorausgesetzt  ,  dass  die  ame  rlkanlscle  n  . 
Patents  436602  und  389882  ,  die  mir  zur  Zett  nicht  zugangig  stnd, 
dem  nicht  entgegevs  tehen  : 

Zur  Herstellung  von  Elsenelektroden  stnd  bisher  nur  Etsen- 
oxydverb  indung en  verwendet  worden  .  Warden  dteselben  wte  tm  Patent 
10  7727  durch  geltndes  Gl'iihen  hergestellt,  so  ldsst  sich  die  erhal- 
tene  Masse  durch  den  Strom  nur  sehr  schwer  und  unvollstandtg  for— 
mieren.  Werden  die  auf  nassem  Wege  erhaltenen  ,  hochst  volumtnosen 




Etsenhydroxydverb  indungen  genommen,  so  wtrd  der  Baum  das  Massetra- 
gars  nicht  genugend  ausgenutst  .  Warden  endlich  die  Etsenhydroxyd- 
verbtndungan  vorher  gatrocknat,  so  warden  sla  wtadar  sum  grosser, 

Tell  unwtrksam  .  Oegenstand  dieser  Erftndung  1st  die  Anwendung 
von  Els enverb  indungen  der_Oxydulstufe  als  wlrksame  Masse  ,  die  In 
den  Massetrager  etngetragen  warden  soil.  Die  Schwlarlgkalt,  dass 
Eisenverb tldungen  der  Oxydulstufe  sloh  an  der  Zuft  so  letcht  oxydie- 
ren,  lasst  stch  s.  B.  daduroh  beseltlgen,  dass  Elsensulftd  etnge¬ 
tragen  und  dieses  dann  erst  In  die  Hydroxtdverb indung  ubergefuhrt 
it/ird  eta.  etc. 

Anspruch! 1  :  Negative  Polektrode  aus  Etsen, 
durch  Anwendung  von  Eisenverb  Indungen  der  Oxudulreth *  ,  die  in  den 
Massetrager  etngetragen  und  durch  den  Strom  formiert  werden  . 

Anspruch  2:  Bet  der  durch  Anspruch  1  geschUtsten  Polelek - 
trade  die  Anwendung  von  Etsensulftdd,  welches  durch  abwecliselnde 
Oxydatton  und  Beduktlon  durch  den  Strom  lm  alkaltschen  Elektrolyten 
entschwefelt  wtrd. 

Die  wettere  neue  Anmeldung  wiirde  dann  als  Zusatsanmeldung 
den  Anspruch  erhalten: 

Bet  der  durch  das  Hauptpatent  Anspruch  1  geschUtsten 
Polelektrode  die  Anwendung  von  Etsenmonoxyd  Oder  Oemengen,  die  lm 
wesentl tchen  aus  Etsenmonoxyd  bestehen,  und  welche  s.B .  durch  Er- 
kalten  lm  Nasserstoffstrome  luftbes tdndlg  gemacht  stnd. 

Zum  Schlusse  mochte  tch  noch  besugllch  des  Verhdltnlsses 
der  Ed tsions-chen  rAnmdldurjg  sum  Patent  Junger  folgendes  bemerken: 

Das  Jungner'sche  Patent  besteht  stch  nur  auf  solche 
Motallhydroxydo  .  .^1Uch,r 

‘md""  °*Ude  dbergehen  .  a„ 

“ "  *<"■  »•<  <*•»  *■»«*»*.»  WAtm*.  Kupfgroxyddd 

‘to.  .  Dd„„n  ,IM  !,„» xymydrdt,  1 VUk.loxydhydrat  md  KddMm- 



oxydhydrat  in  alkalischen  Losungan  bastdndtg ,  und  as  besteht  somlt 
wader  beaiiglich  dar  Etsan-Ntokal  Elektrode  nook  beaUgltoh  dar  Kadmtum- 
Kupfer-Elektrode  irgend  welche  Abhdngigkatt  vom  Patent  Jungner . 


\  $ 

T  R  A  M  S  i  A  T  I  0  IT  . 

Dr.  Alfred  Wohl,  University  Professor,  Charlottenburg, 

3rd.  August.  1901. 


at out  the  German  Patent  Applications  of 
Mr.  Thomas  Alva  Edison 

on  a  Cadmium-Nickel  and  Iron-Nickel  Accumulator. 

Before  going  into  detail  discussion  of  the  different 
points,  the  following  general  remarks  are  to  he  noted: 

It  is  a  principle  of  the  German  Patent  Office 
that  an  idea  of  invention,  which  has  been  previously  pronounced, 
cannot  he  generally  placed  under  patent  protection,  even  if  the 
previously  described  execution  was  extremely  incomplete.  To  a 
later  applicant  protection  will  only  he  granted  on  the  special 
features  or  characteristics  by  which  the  previously  expressed 
idea  has  been  ade  practically  effective  or  has  been  improved  upon. 
Opposition  against  this  established  practice  has  very  little  chance 
of  success,  especially  in  the  present  case. 

If  it  was  only  a  question  of  a  literary  quotation,  which  on 
the  strength  of  ^  2  is  held  up  against  the  novelty,  then  perhaps 
the  argument  could  be  made,  that  the  invention  is  not  so  described 
by  the  quotation,  11  that  the  exploitation  would  appear  possible  by 
other  experts". 

In  the  present  case  of  the  Jungner  Patent,  we  are  dealing 
with  a  legally  existing  patent  and  this  will  exclude  later  application 
on  the  strength  of  §  3;  in  this  paragraph  however  there  is  no 
provision  of  what  nature  the  description  should  be,  but  it  is  simply 
set:, -forth  that  the  later  application  -  of  course  in  its  generality  - 
is  excluded  "if  the  invention  represents  the  subjeot  of  the  previous 
applicant,"  The  argument  of  incomplete  description  could  only  be 
brought  upyif  it  was  successful  to  have  the  patent  declared  void 


-  2  - 

f  & 

for  want  of  applicability. 

The  profound  criticism  of  the  Jungner  Patent  as  well  as  of 
the  older  Dun  Patent  by  Edison  is  well  suited  to  make  clear  the 
value  of  the  progress  made  by  this  inventor  setting  forth  the 
invention  character  of  his  improvement,  but  these  deductions  are 
for  reasons  above  given,  not  suited  in  the  present  state  of  the 
case  to  justify  these  comprehensive  claims. 

In  several  points,  this  criticism  is,  from  an  impartial 
standpoint,  n.ot  free  from  objection;  so^or  instance,  the  argument 
, against  the. Dun  Patent^oontains  a  misunderstanding  of  quite  some 
consequenoe.  Dun  has  not  said  that  the  intermixed  metal  oxides,  as 
conveyors,  bring  the  copper  to  a  higher  oxidation,  but  on  the 
contrary,  that  the  labile  oopper  peroxide,  as  a  conveyor,  will 
enhanoe  the  oxidation  of  the  other  metals. 

Eurthermore  it  appears  to  the  underBignedjto^be^left 
unoontradicted  by  Mr.  Edisons  arguments, that  the  formation  of 
soluble  copper  salts  is  based  on  the  higher  oxidation  of  copper. 
This  point  will  be  elaborated  upon  furtheron. 


Mr.  Edison  has  not  given  any  explanation  for  the  formation 
of  soluble  copper  salts  with  the  previously  known  copper  electrodes, 
nor  has  he  given  any  reason  why  this  disadvantage  disappears  with 
his  disposition.  It  is  only  contested  that  the  formation  of 
soluble  copper  salts  are  observed  simultaneously.  This  reason 
however  is  notany  proof.  Although  a  theory  of  current  diffusion 
on  inhomogeneous  electrodes  as  yet  does  not  exist,  it  is  without 
any  doubt  that  the  current  density  may  be  different  at  different 
points  of  an  inhomogeneous  electrode.  In  accordance  with  this 
the  potential  of  oxidati on- may  also  be  different  at  different 
points  of  an  inhomogeneous  electrode  and  therefore  it  appears  well 



possible  that  simultaneously,  copper  oxide  is  formed  at  points 
where  finely  divided  copper  is  deposited  and  hydrate, \  oxide  of 
copper  is  formed  at  places  of  dense  or  solid  copper  deposits.  It 
being  a  fact  that  alkaline  solutions  are  never  free  from  carbonic 
acid  and  it  is  also  a  known  fact  that  hydrate  of  copper  oxide  and 
carbonate  are  soluble  with  blue  colour  in  carbonic  alkalies. 

The  undersigned  recognises  in  this  effect  the  explanation  to 
Edison's  discovery,  that  the  exclusion  of  soluble  copper  salts 
is  conditioned  on  the  complete  homogenity  of  the  copper  electrode 
and  he  recommends  this  view  to  be  made  the  base, when  f emulating 
the  patent  claim  and  that  it  should  also  be  explained  in  the 
description.  The  patent  claim  1  would  then  be  as  follows.  : 

1.  Pole  electrode  for  accumulators  of  copper  oxide  obtained 
by  electrolytical  oxidation  of  an  entirely  homogeneous  copper 
sponge,  which  will  be  free  from  grains  and  dense  parts  to  such  a 
degree  that  the  current  density  will  be  the  same  at  all  parts  and 
thereby  local  over  oxidation  and  the  formation  of  soluble  copper 
oxide  salts  is  avoided. 

Claim  II  appears  admissable. 

Claim  III  is  indisputable  as  long  as  the  Jungner  Patent 
is  legally  existing. 


Through  the  American  Patent  No.  345124,  Nickel-electrodes 
have  been  made  known  which  have  been  produced  by  forming  Hydrate 
of  Nickel-oxide  with  Graphite.  In  view  of  this  the  original 
application  on  Nickel-electrodes  does  not  contain,  according  to 
my  opinion,,  anything  novel  that  would  appear  worthy  of  protection. 
Whether  the  immersion  of  the  mass  in  lime  water  is  essential  for 
the  usefulness,  cannot  be  judged  without  special  experiments;  this 
proceeding  is  the  only  part  that  might  be  put  under  protection. 
Besides, practical  protection  seems  to  be  secured  in  a  sufficient 



measure  by  the  following  application  on  an  improved  nickel-electrode: 

In  this  second  application  on  a  nickel  electrode,  three 
distinoe  inventions  are  described  and  it  appears  necessary  to 
bring  about  an  expression  from  Mr.  Edison,  whether  he  considers 
it  as  practically  necessary  ,to  place  each  one  under  seperate 
patent  protection;  in  this  case  three  seperate  applications  are 
required.  Under  seperate  protection  may  be  placed: 

1.  Nickel  depolarisation  electrode,  characterized  by  the 
employment  of  a  non-colloidal  hydrate  of  nickel  oxide  which  is 
obtained  by  precipitation  out  of  Nickel  salt  solutions  by  means 
of  Magnesia  or  alcalic  earths,  which  after  filling  into  the 
carrying  plates  is  formed  by  the  electrical  current;. 

2.  Nickel  depolarization  electrode,  characterized  by  the 
employment  of  Hydro  Nickel  oxide  obtained  from  a  liquid  state  and 
put  into  the  carrying  plates  for  the  purpose  of  preventing  any 
swelling  of  the  material  during  formation  by  the  current. 

This  latter  application  would  have  to  be  substantiated  by 
the  following  arguments: 

Up  to  the  present  time  the  material  used  for  nickel  electrodes 
was  nickel  oxide  obtained  by  heating  or  Hydrorf^jf  nickel  protoxide 
which  first  had  to  be  formed  by  the  current  into  nickel  hydroxide. 
During  this  process,  in  consequence  of  the  absorbtion  of  oxigtfn,a 
swelling  of  the  material  sets  in,  which  interferes  with  the 

production/;  respectively  with  the  durability  of  the  electrodes. 

This  disadvantage  is  avoided  if  the  hydro-  Nickelprotoxide  is 
transformed  before  mixing  it  with  a  carrier,  by  chemical  means  into 
Hydro-Nickeloxide  (Hydrous  Ni2  03  ) ,  This  is  new  and  an  essential 
progress,  because  the  extrema&Aiffuolon,  so  obtainable,  will  permit 
a  complete  utilization  of  the  oxidizing  capacity  of  the  nickel. 

The  hydro  nickel  oxide  mentioned  in  the  Amerioan  Patent  No. 
345124  is  likely  to  be  Ni  (OH) 2  and  as  is  known  the  designations 
cult  «#■  protoxide  and  oxide  in  this  case  are  rather  undecided. 


Jf/io  Ua  a  confirmation  of  this  assumptionythat  the  cotwnon 
Hydroxide  of  the  bivalent  Nickel  is  meant ,  furtheron  it  is 
mentioned,  that  the  peroxidable  substance  absorbs  oxigen. 

In  case  this  assumption,  that  in  the  American  Patent  No. 
345124  the  common  nickel  proxide  hydrate  is  meant,  cannot  be 
maintained,  then  claim  2  cannot  be  held  and  it  would  be  advisable 
in  this  case  to  combine  claims  1  and  2  as  follows: 

Nickel  depolarization  electrode,  characterized  by  the 
employment  of  non  colloidal  nickel  protoxide  hydrate  which  is 
obtained  by  precipitation  out  of  nickel  salt  solutions  by  means 
of  magnesia  or  alcaliei^earths  and  which  is  oxidized  into  nickel 
oxide  hydrate  either  before  filling  into  the  carrying  plates  or 
after  filling  the  same  into  the  carrying  plated) by  the  electric 

3.  The  employment  of  graphite  in  the  form  here  described 
had  best  be  made  the  subjectof  a  seperate  application,  which  would 
embrace  its  use  for  the  nickel  electrode  as  well  as  for  others. 

As  to  the  patent  Offices  objection  against  the  novelty  of  this 
measure  I  would  recommend  the  construction  of  the  claim  as  follows: 

On  electrodes,  the  active  i 

mixing  metals,  metal  oxides 
or  other  conducting  and  non- 

re  mass  of  which  is  produced  by 
'  metal  oxidehydrates  with  graphite 

or  other  conducting  and  non-deteriorating  material,  the  employment 
of  coarse  grained  graphite,  etc.  the  grain  of  which  is  preserved 
during  mixing,  combined  with  the  employment  of  screen  plates  on 

the  carrying  plates  for  securing  the  i 

i.  on  -which-  the  screenholes 

c**=e  Bmaller  than  the  grains  of  the  graphite. 

The  claims  3  and  4  of  the  original  application  are  completelj 
excluded  by  patent  No.  107727.  Claim  5  appears  admissible  as  far 
as  the  literature  has  been  discussed  to  this  poiftt,-.  but  it  must 
by  all  means  form  the  subject  of  a  seperate  application. 

In  this  application  the  advantages  of  the  combination  Iron- 
Nickel  would  have  to  be  put  forward  as  set  forth  by  Mr.  Edison. 



Perhaps  it  would  he  advisable  to  restrict  the  original 
application  to  this  point  (claims  5  and  6)  and  to  make  the  iron 
electrode  the  subject  of  a  new  application;  the  further  improvement 
of  the  iron  electrode  could  then  be  entered  as  a  supplementary 
(Zusatz)  application,  branched  off  from  the  main  application. 

The  application  on  the  iron  electrode  would  have  to  be 
based  on  the  following  grounds,  provided  that  the  .American  Patents 
No  436602  and  389882,  which  at  the  time  are  not  available  to  me, 
do  not  interfere. 

Por  the  production  of  iron  electrodes  only  iron  oxide 
combinations  have  been  employed  until  now.  If  they  are  produced 

as  described  in  patent  No.  107727  by  gentle  heating,  then  the 
do  o-^E/a xW\^l 

resulting  mass^oan  be  formed  by  the  electric  current  only 
incompletely  and  with  much  difficulty.  In  case  the  highly 
voluminuous  iron  hydroxide  combinations  obtained  by  wet  process  are 
used,  then  the  space  of  the  carrying  plate  cannot  be  completely 
utilised.  If,  finally  the  iron  hydroxide  combinations  are  dried 
beforehand,  they  will  to  a  great  extent  become  ineffective. 

Subject  of  the  present  application  is  the  employment  of  iron 
combinations  of  the  class  of  iron  protoxides  as  active  mass,  which 
is  to  be  brought  into  the  carrying  plate.  The  diff icult^that 
iron  combinations  of  the  protoxide  class,  easily  oxidize  in  the 
air,  may  easily  be  avoided,  for  instance  by  bringing  in  iron  sulphite 
and  this  be  transformed  into  the  hydroxide  combination,  etc. 

Claim  1.  Negative  pole  electrode  of  iron, characterized  by 
the  employment  of  iron  combinations  of  the  protoxide  class  which 
are  brought  into  the  carrying  plate3  and  formed  by  the  current. 

Claim  2.  On  negative  pole  electrodes  as  described  in  claim 
1,  the  employment  of  iron  sulphite  which  through  alternating 
oxidation  and  reduction  through  the  electric  current  is  desulp^rized. 

The  new  supplementary  application  would  receive  the  following 





On  a  pole  electrode  as  cowed  by  the  main  patent,  the 
employment  of  iron  monoxide  or  mixture  consisting  predominatingly 
of  iron  monoxide,  which  is  made  air  proof  by  cooling  it  in  a 
stream  of  Hydrogen. 

In  conclusion  I  would  like  to  make  the  following  remarks  in 
reference  to  the  relations  of  the  Edison  applications  to  the 
Jungner  Patent. 

The  Jungner  Patent  refers  only  to  such  metal  oxides  that  are 
not  constant  in  alkali  solutions,  and  which  by  giving  off  water 
are  spontaneously  turned  into  oxide.  This  occurs  generally  only 
with  the  sub  oxides,  as  for  instance  with  silver  oxide,  copper 
protoxide,  etc.  In  the  contrary  iron  hydroxide,  nickel  hydroxide 
and  cadmium  hydroxide  remain  constant  in  alkaline  solutions  and 
therefore  there  exists  no  dependancy  of  any  kind  to  the  Jungner 
Patent  neither  to  the  iron  nickel  nor  to  the  cadmium  -  copper 

Signed  A.  Wohl. 

P.  S. 

In  alletter  received  from  Professor  Wohl  of  Aug.  5th, 
he  leaves  it  to  our  option  to  amend  his  fonnation  of  the  claim’ 
for  the  iron  monoxide  electrode,  page  7  of  his  report, as  follows: - 
;;  On  a  pole  electrode  as  protected  by  the  main  patent,  the 
employment  of  air  resisting  iron  monoxide  or  of  mixtures  essentially 
consisting  of  air  resisting  iron  monoxide". 

October  4,  1901. 

Philip  Seubel,  Es<i., 

Bergmann-Elektrioitats-Werke  Aktiengesollsohaft , 
Owdonarder  Strasse  23/32,  * 

Berlin  N. ,  Germany. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  18th  ultimo  has  been  received,  en¬ 
closing  original  and  translation  of  Dr.  Wohl's  treatise  on 
Edison’s  new  battery,  whioh  we  have  read  with  interest.  We 
understand,  however,  that  Mr.  Edison  does  not  fully  agree 
with  Professor  Wohl  on  all  points,  and  in  order  that  his 
position  nay  be  entirely  clear,  one  of  his  assistants,  Kr. 
Rafn,  is  now  en  route  to  Berlin,  and  we  have  no  doubt  will 
be  of  muoh  assistance  to  you.  We  presume  that  before  this 
Dr.  Sell  has  received  our  full  instructions  for  dividing  the 
several  Ganaan  applications  in  accordance  with  the  request 
of  the  Office. 

Yours  very  truly, 


>s.  ir.  _{3?.<*l. 

nk-Depol!  DEUTSCHE  BANK. 
Fernsprecher:  Ami  1, 4595. 

MlfcStlNvil&enjtiiS!?,  <§Hy<tHV</rrr/?-7tr/ye/vZuA?. 


Talogramm  -  Adresse: 


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Nov.  27,  1901. 

Robert  Rafn,  Esq. , 

C/o  Dr.  Sell, 

1T.W.7,  Dorotheenstrasse  22, 

Berlin,  Germany. 

My  dear  Mr.  Rafn,- 

Tour  wry  interesting  letter  of  the  13th  inst. 
has  just  been  received,  and  finds  me  somewhat  pressed  for 
time  as  X  M3  just  leaving  for  Chicago  and  the  Southwest  on 
business,  so  that  I  have  not  the  opportunity  of  answering 
it  in  full.  X  hope  you  will  accept  the  will  for  the  deed. 

Your  work  in  Germany  has  been  entirely  satisfactory 
and  has  boon  productive  of  muoh  good,  and  X  hope  that  you 
will  continue  to  remain  on  the  field  so  long  as  you  can  bo 
of  assistance.  In  this  connection,  X  thirds:  you  ought  to 
put  yourself  in  communication  with'  He  Bars.  Harris  &  Mills 
of  Xondon,  b9oause  they  write  us  that  the  matter  of  the 
Jungner  opposition  is  assuming  importance  again,  and  you 
may  he  able  to  help  them  materially. 

With  best  wishes,  believe  me  always 
Yours  very  truly, 


Telephone  message  from  R.  IT.  Dyer. 

Mr.  Edison: 

Dec.  5,  1901. 

I  am  writing  Mr.  Rafn  to  go  to  London  and  assist  in  the 
English  opposition  on  the  storage  battery  patents  when  the  English 
solicitors  write  him  to  come,  which  may  he  any  time  within  the 
next  ten  days  or  two  weeks.  If  you  see  any  reason  why  this  should 
not  he  done,  I  would  like  to  have  you  let  me  know  hy  telephone  today. 

R.  E.  Dyer. 

1901.  Phonograph  -  General  (D-01-30) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  technical  and  commercial  development  of  phonographs.  Included  are 
letters  from  phonograph  users,  a  memorandum  in  Edison's  hand  regarding 
phonograph  patents,  and  an  incomplete  letter  from  William  E.  Gilmore  to 
Edison  concerning  the  commercial  exploitation  of  the  phonograph  in  Europe. 
Also  included  is  a  statement  of  the  foreign  marketing  business  conducted  by 
Charles  E.  Stevens  as  of  December  1 900,  along  with  memoranda  by  Edison 
ordering  the  distribution  of  the  balance  received  from  Stevens. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 



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meantime  we  have  filed,  our  claim  against  the  Edison  United  for  the 
account  that  they  owe  us  at  the  present  time.  Of  course  this  wj.ll  tend 
to  embarrass  matters  so  far  as  they  are  concerned,  hut  if  it  is  con¬ 
sidered  wise  to  withdraw  it  later  on,  this  can  he  done  readily. 

Of  course  I  cannot  say  at  this  writing  whether  the  parties  who 
have  endorsed  the  other  notes  will  protect  themselves  hy  taking  over 
the  assets  of  the  United  Co.,  hut  even  in  that  case  they  will  necessaril 
want  your  co-operation,  and,  providing  you  are  in  every  way  satisfied 
with  the  people  who  handle  it,  I  do  not  see  why  satisfactory  arrangement 
cannot  he  made  to  work  the  foreign  end  of  the  business  for  the  benefit 
of  all. 

As  you  are  doubtless  aware,  the  United  Co.  ho  3 d  considerable  stock 
of  the  Edison-Bell ,  as  well  as  of  the  German  Edison  Co.,  and  with  this 
stock ;we  raifdrt  he  able  to  force  these  people  to  come  to  some  equitable 
arrangement  whereby  all  of  the  territory  which  they  claim  to  control 
can  be  worked  to  the  extent  that  the  sale  of  goods  will  proceed  much 
more  rapidly  than  at  present.  All  I  am  looking  after  is  to  get  lots  of 
business  here  for  the  Works.  This  is  virgin  territory,  and  the  only 
question  with  me  is,  whether  it  would  pay  to  go  in  with  these  people, 
in  view  of  the  fact  that  certain  patents  expire  within  the  next  year 
or  so  ,  or  whether  it  would  be  wise  to  proceed  on  the  lines  already  laid 
down ,  through  the  National  Co.  I  think  this  is  food  for  considerable 
thought  on  your  part  and,  knowing,  the  situation  as  v/ell  as  you  do,  you 
can  doubtless  decide  what  is  best  under  the  circumstances.  Personally 
all  X  want  to  see  is  business  progress  all  over  Europe^as  this  is 
practically  virgin  territory,  I  feel  satisfied  that  ini  the  long 
run  Edison  apparatus  will  eventually  stand  out  above  all  competitors  in 
Europe,  the  same  as  it  has  in  the  United  States.  What  I  am  looking 
fo r'xc&  to  make  the  largest  amount  of  money  possible  out  of  it  and  to 


8HEET  No. 



so' increase  our  connections  that  all  the  factories  will  he  kept  running 

It  is  quite  evident  that  Mr.  Searles  did  receive  on  or  about 
March  8th,  1900,  a  total  of  $300,000,  hut  the  question  the  gentlemen 
interested  would  doubtleBB  like  to  know  is,  what  became  of  this  money. 

I  have  never  had  any  information,  nor  have  I  ever  heard  that  any  of  it 
was  used  for  exploiting  the  phonograph  business  abroad,  and,  consequently, 
it  is  natural  to  assume  that  Mr.  Searles  has  diverted  the  money  to  his 
own  uses.  I  shall  of  course  be  very  glad  to  hear  from  you  as  to  this, 
and  should  I  find  it  necessary,  I  will  telegraph  you  as  to  what  occurs. 

I  have  thought  best  to  wire  you  to -day ,  in  any  event,  as  follows,  and  my 
telegram  v/ill  give  you  some  idea  of  what  is  going  on,  but  I  think  this 
will  fully  explain  the  situation  as  far  as  I  have  been  able  to  learn  it 
at  present. 

"John  E.  Searles  has  failed  for  something  like  one  and  one-half 
million  dollars.  Judgment  filed  Saturday  against  Searles  and  Edison 
United  Phonograph  Co.  for  something  over  thirty-one  thousand  dollars. 

This  judgment  is  on  note  of  thirty  thousand  dollars,  with  interest, 
said  note  dated  March  eighth,  nineteen  hundred,  falling  due  last  Friday. 
Have  copy  of  note  before  me,  indicating  that  this  is  one  of  ten  notes 
of  similar  amount,  and  unless  others  are  guaranteed,  they  will  be 
protested.  I  understand  that  al3.  available  assets  Edison  United  Co. 
were  put  up  as  collateral  on  these  ten  notes,  but  have  been  unable  to 
obtain  details  as  yet.  Application  filed  Saturday  for  Receiver  for 
Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.  Hayes  looking  after  our  interests. 

Already  written  fully." 

Yours  very  truly, 


^Copt  of  letter  from  Howard  W.  Hayes, 

765  Brodd  St.,  Nev/ark,  N.  J.,  March  9,  1901. 

William  E.  Gilmore,  Esq., 

c/o  National  Phono.  Oo., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  just  received  information  in  regard  to  the  suit  against 
Searles  in  New  York.  Tt  is  on  a  note  as  follows: 

|30  000.  New  York,  March  8,  1900. 

Twelve  months  after  date  for  value  received  the  Edison  United 
Phonograph  Company  promises  to  pay  John  E.  Searles  or  order,  at  the 
office  of  the  Guarantee  Trust  Company,  in  the  City  of  new  York,  $30,000. 
with  interest  from  date  until  payment  thereof  at  the  rate  of  six  per  cent 
per  annum.  This  note  is  one  of  ten  notes  of  even  date  herewith  exactly 
similar  in  tenor  and  amount  made  hy  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company, 
and  secured  by  trust  mortgage  dated  March  5,  1900.  executed  by  said 
Company  to  the  Guarantee  Trust  Company,  Trustee. 

(signed)  Edison  United  Phono.  Company, 

By.  John  E.  Searles,  • 


E.  N.  Morison, 

Endorsed  J.  E.  Searles.  Secretary. 

The  holder  of  the  note  is  the  National  Bank  of  North  America, 
the  plaintiff  in  the  suit.  There  has  been  no  levy  made  but  the  attach¬ 
ment  has  been  served  upon  the  Bank  of  North  America,^  the  Guarantee 
Trust  Company.  Under  the  statute  of  New  York  these  garnishees  must  give 
a  certificate  as  to  the  property  of  the  defendant  they  have  in  their 
possession.  The  certificates  have  not  yet  been  furnished.  Searles  is  a 
co-defendant  with  the  Company.  I  have  arranged  to  get  the  details  of  the 



HO.  2 

Mortgage  and  see  what  it  covers.  Evidently  the  attachment  on  this  note 
t t  foreclosure  of  the  trust  mortgage  which  will  bring 

on  the  market  all  the  assets  of  the  United  Company.  As  soon  as  I  get 
the  details  of  the  mortage  I  will  furnish  them  to  you. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Howard  W.  Hayes. 

C-c — 

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The  present  letter  is  dedicated  towards  announc¬ 
ing  to  you  that,  via  this  same  mail  we  are  sending  you  a  sample 
of  a  special  wax,  from  this  Ant ilia,  (Islands  of  the  West  Indies 
are  called  LAS  ANTILLAS)  which,  considering  its  quality,  we  be¬ 
lieve  will  he  useful  for  the  industry  of  your  respectable  house,, 

Said  merchandise  we  are  able  to  procure  at  the  moderate  price  of 
$30  per  quintal  (100  pounds.) 

Awaiting  good  orders  from  you,  we  remain, 

Yours  very  t  ruly, 

Oarbonel,  Mestre  &  00, 

Q^,ci  cS-fldt»  of®'  CMf  Ua^k^U 


1901.  Phonograph  -  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  business  of  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.  and  other  companies 
organized  to  exploit  the  Edison  phonograph  in  countries  otherthan  the  United 
States  and  Canada.  Included  are  items  concerning  the  company's  financial 
problems,  litigation  with  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works,  and  the  business  of 
the  Deutsche  Edison-Phonographen-Gesellschaft  and  its  competitors.  The 
unsigned  letters  at  the  beginning  and  end  of  the  folder  are  by  Stephen  F. 
Moriarty,  vice  president  of  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Co. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  the  Legal  Department  Records. 







COPIES  of  CABLES  sent  to  MEW-YORK.  Saturday  26th  Jan:  1901. 


.  ^  without  delay  premium  ray  life  insurance  pollc 

charge  ay  account.  Collect  money  due  me  and  pay  premium.  Telegraph 
immediately  when  don®.  u  1 

to  MORIARTY.  85  Hawthorne  Avenue.  East  Orange. 

See  Moris on  Mohday 

Tell  him  pay  premium  my  life  insurance.  If  this  not  done  use  Bond. 
Cable  when  done. 

Withdrawal  anyone  will  not  affect  already 
permanent  results,  which  I  have  secured,  and  with  proper  time  what  I 
have  accomplished  already  can  free  Company  of  its  indebtedness  to 
subscribers  but  must  have  oo-operation  and  time  to  effect  best 
results  in  best  interests  of  all.  Our  position  her®  permanent  and 
lasting,  and  must  be  maintained  by  Company. 


It  Is  imperatively  necessary  in  Companys  interest 
that  you  cable  me  toi-day  money  which  will  facilitate  my  getting 
considerable  sum  money  very  soon,  negotiations  being  retarded  by 
not  sending  money.  Cable  positively  money  to-day. 


pai-lo  ,  January  29th  1901. 

Mr.  Ludwig  STOLIjWIRCK, 

Cologne  {Germany ) 

My  dear  Mr.  Stollwirck, 

I  received  your  letter  of  the  25th  which 
wub  forv/arded  to  me  from  London  and  alno  one  the  came  day  from  ?Tr. 
Bartholomew  and  X  feel  convinced  that  if  ?jr.  Bartholomew  knew  of 
our  exact  conversations  and  what  I  was  utryinc  to  arriver^t,  Tie  -cl  ' 
would  not  have  written  me  that  letter  and  so  i  now  desire  to  write 
you  vory  frankly  and  to  recapitulate  our  verbal  understanding  in 
relation  to  the  Dusau  matter.  If  you  remember,  when  I  was  in 
Cologne,  I  talked  with  you  about  :ny  acquiring  an  interest  in 
the  German  Parent  Company  and  as  you  mentioned  the  terras  upon 
which  I  could  take  thiB  and  as  I  offered  you  then  to  give  you  a 
cheque,  you  said  that  you  would  prefer  that  the  whole  matter  stood 
over  untill  you  came  to  England;  it  was  then  your  intention  as 
you  told  me  to  come  to  England  in  a  few  days  after  your  return  to 
Switzerland  and  this  idea  was  also  confirmed  to  me  by  a  conversation 
which  i  had  with  your  brother  Charles  and  i  fully  expected  you  here 
to  arrange  a  settlement  not  only  in  relation  to  the  Berman  Parent 
Company  but  to  hav6  every  othet  outstanding  matters  clohed  in  exact 
accordance  to  our  verbal  agreement  and  understanding,  and  the  reason 
I  have  delayed  the  American  Matter  at  ell  v/as  simply  to  get  real. 

1 _ _ _ 1 

understanding  as  to  my  own  position  in  relation  to  the  German  0°  , 
for  this  reason  that  when  we  'spoke  together  after  you  t  old.  me 
upon  what  basis  I  could  enter  the  Gorman  Company,  you  stated  to  me 
thttt  I  eould  accordingly  benefit  to  my  l/4  interest  by  the  arrange¬ 
ment  made  with  me  for  tfierica.  Now,  inasmuch  as  these  important 
matters  were,  matters  of  verbal  conversations  and  they  were  more  or 
less  in  relation  to  each  other,  I  felt  that  if  you  were  ooming  here 
It  would  have  boon  so  much  easier  to  have  put  all  these  matters  in 
>uch  shape  that  both  Mr.  Batholomew  yourself,  and  myself  would  be  in 
complete  accord.  I.  am  sure  that  Mr.'  Bartholomew  .lid  not  understand 
V  hat  we  have  discusded  those  matters  on  that  basis  and  all  I 
wish  now  is  to  have  you  confirm  that  this  was  in  accordance  no 
our  understanding  and  then  I  will  carry  out  at  once  nil  the  agree¬ 
ments  X  have  entered  into  with  you  and  will  give  my  best  attention 
to  putting  the  matter  at  the  earliest  possible  time  in  a  most 
completed  form  and  am  ready  to  do  this  at  once  if  you  have  correc 
tiy  atated  the  facts  -.herein  as  you  remomber  them. 

As  soon  as  I  hoar  from  you  i  will  notify  nr.  Owen  to  send 
the  cheque  and  exchange  papers  with  Mr.  Bristow. 

-Trusting  that  you  are  well  and  with  the  kindest  regards, 

I  remain,  dear  Mr.  Stollwirck 

yours  very  sincerely 

Paris,  <  January  09th  1901. 

Doar  Mr.  Bartholomew, 

Your  letter  of  the  04th  of  January  was  forwarded  to 
mo  here  and  I  received  it  this  morning,  as  I  havo  been  en  route  cons¬ 
tantly  since  leaving  London.  I  can  assure  you  that  the  laBt  thing  I 
wish  to  do  is  to  pile  up  legal  expenses  and  to  hang  up  the  nusau  matter 
as  you  expr- ssed  it,  in  any  way  shape  or  manner  but  I  want  to  be  most 
careful  in  this  matter  as  I  have  already  had  an  experience  that  was  not 
altogether  pleasant  in  my  business  carrier  which  has  taught  me  to  be 
very  careful  in  beginning  a  business  to  have  verbal  understandings  put 
in  proper  shape  so  as  to  prevent  legal  expenses  being  incurred  after 
the  business  has  already  begun.  I  have  thin  day  written  to  "r.  Sollwirck 
a  letter  which  X  think  ho  will  send  you  a  copy  of,  and  which  will  no 
doubt  show  you  satisfactory  reasons  why  i  wish  everything  put  in  a 
clear  business  like  way,  so  as  to  prevent  any  misunderstanding  in  the 
future.  I  am  sure  as  a  rule  of  business  that  you  certainly  must  agreo 
that  this  iB  the  best  method.  I  have  not  been  at  all  idle  in  relation 
to  the  Dus au.  matter  and  have  made  as  much  progress  in  what  i  intended  to 
do  as  was  possible  to  me  oven  if  the  contracts  were  already  exchanged. 

After  receiving  Mr.  Stollwirok’s  reply  to  my  letter  of  to  day  I 
will  feel  immediately  prepared  to  carry  out  the  mattervin  all  its  bearing 
as  was  understood  betweon  Mr.  Ludwig  stollwirck  and  myself. 

Yours  truly 

Personal  &  Confidential. 

i  January  31st,  1901. 

George  IT.  Morlaon,  Esq. 

My  deai‘  Horiaon, 

I  cannot  understand  the  delays  and  cannot  understand  why 
there  has  "been  no  answer  to  my  cable  demands,  both  for  money  which  is 
justly  due  me,  and  to  which  I  am  entitled  and  whioh  I  could  collect  in 
any  Court  of  Law  in  the  world,  and  which  could^e  s justly  claimed  from 
the  Company,  and  that  no  response  has  been  made  other  than  that  the 
Directors  are  to  meet  in  few  days.  This  same  thing  was  told  me  last 
week,  ;end  as  it  is  necessary  for  the  proper  transaction  of  the  business 
that  I  be  immediately  placed  in  funds,  there  lias  been  a  negloot  and 
negligence  in  this  matter  which  will  have  to  lib  accounted  for  in  no  un¬ 
certain  way.  The  vital  interest  of  the  Company,  of  Which  I  am  a  very 
large  owner  of  the  shares  and  as  largest  owner  of  the  notes,  is  being 
very  greatly  injured  by  the  neglect  to  respond  to  the  many  imperative 
cables  which  I  have  sent. 

The  negotiations  for  the  getting,  of .immediate  money  in  several  of 
the  countries  has  to  be  suspended,  and  each  delay,  creates  a  suBpiscion 
vzhich  works  to  the  greatest  detriment  to  the  interest  of  the  Subscribers 
and  for  Which  I  am  in  no  way  responsible. 

1  cannot  understand  the  eternal  dissensions  which  arc  taking  plaoe 
in  America.  I  am  also  surprised  at  the  manner  in  which  Mr.  Twombloy 
talks,  as  his  whole  interest  should  have  been  to  oo- ope rate  with  us  for 
that  is  the  only  way  that  ho  could  get  his  original  cum  of  money  which 
he  investod  in  the  Company  back.  As  for  the  $500,0000  of  notes  and 

interest  which  we  have  already  are  sufficient  to  cover  thorn  and  leave  a 
good  surplus,  there  can  be  no  question  about  that,  but  in  a  dead  market 
you  cannot  throw  securities,  especially  securities  that  are  not , 

dealt  pfritS,  without  inourring  a- ’great  loss  and  oertainly  there  was  no 
redjwdStfny  w|  a£J>uld  Jeopardize  our  great  business  whioh  has  built  up 
in  ’Lon^oiVj;  wdysre?  the  Company  is  now  earning  dividends  on  all  classes  of 
^tB^sebur^ti^a,  by  forcing  a  sale  and  depreciate  the  value  of  ourholdinge 
•to  yn  ^tent  -.of  no  pleasure •  that  wo  know. 

I  §ur^.y '^he^Su'^scribers  are  rich  enough  men  and  buaineoe  men  enough 
to  $ot^njjjre<»th^ir*ov/n  interest  by  any  such  foolish  proceeding.  It 
flight  b if  thatwKrc!  Sb&rlgs  is  personally  hard  pressed  and  'wants  to  make 
.some.;  sa’cri|'icd,  bUt  |jie  ^ust  not  bo  allowed  to  do  so.  All  that  is  needed 
|°vflis  §  l^tt),e  Jbrii&'nee  support,  and  a  little  co-operation  to  effect  the 
yyprj^be'st  ^es^LtS,  J  ajft  already  negotiating  in  Pranoa  with  the  Company 
which  iSha'gB  Aflready^niantionod,''  which  would  take  over  our  rights  for  such 
te>T^.to'ry  we  hot  ^et  disposed  of  in  Europe,  and  which  would  pay 

fipr  j&e|e  fights  ’in  tile  ^following  manner  i-they  would  increase  their 
capital  'stook  |to  U,  f diced  amount,  and  as  they  have  no  bonded  indebtedness, 
I'sbeiiovQ  t|iey|wouldVbo  veiling  to  issue  to. us  for  these  rights  a  Bond 
on  all  theii’  plan®,  machinery,  rights,  real-estate,  etc.,whioh  would 
secure  us  at  least  ^0,000.  Besides  that,  we  would  have  an  interest  in 
the  Quires  of  $10  Company,  which  would  rank  with  the  other  shares.  Now 
Just  :as  ;soou  oji  our  Company  is  in  a  position  to  authorize  me  to  proceed 
with  thsi  negotiation,  I  shall  bo  able  to  effect  a  result  like  this  en¬ 
tirely  independent  of  anything  or  of  any  contract  we  may  have  with  Mr. 
Edison,  and  which  will  not  oblige  us  to  be  in  any  way  connected  with  Mr, 
Edison.  It  is  not  necessary  to  get  prices  or  maohine a  from  him  in  any 

or  manner.  So  you  can  < 

i  for  yourself .that  if  these  eternal 

dissension'^  in  our.  count 3%  are  stopped  Snd  ye  oan  go  on  in  ra  business- 
r!  jC  ^  o  o  o  ■■  *  o  '■* 

like  way  ,«alfi th«  tunguntjs  pfeldSt  the  ehd  Ht  the  month,  and  put  the  Co., 
S  i,  is  u  fl  £  is  •«  ■£,  *  «  * 

in--'  re,al  business; position  ti/s  c^ei£Con©anieB,tw6 'will  be'enabled  to 

restore'  tO;,,the.|origin£L  JtavQsfcorc!;  all  their^original  money  back  with 

Mi*.  .Korison,3, 

inters st. 

How,  I  wish  to  write  you  in  relation  to  the  protection  of  my  in¬ 
terests.  I  have  appointed  you -to  represent  me  and  my  interests  in  Ameri¬ 
ca,  and  I  feel  that  you  will  make  the  best  effort  to  protect  them  in 
every  way,  and  I  authorise  you  to  do  so  in  oo-operation  with  my  Attorneys 
Whom  I  have  written  to  consult  you  in  this  matter.  Now  I  do  not  in¬ 
tend  that  you  Shall  work  for  nothing,  and  I  shall  hold  your  servicee  in 
proportion  to  the  support  you  give  me,  and  will  compensate  you  in  a 
satisfactory  way,  in  every  possible  manner,  "but  you  must  leave  that  to 
me  and  you  will  not  he  disappointed  in  the  result,  hut  I  wish  to  take 
every  precaution  to  save  all  the  notes  and  the  money  due  me,  and  you  oan 
go  freely  to  my  Attorneys  and  give  them  all  the  information  Which  will 
enable  them  to  take  this  result,  as  my  representative.  You  have  a 
responsible  thing  in  watohing  arid  ascertaining  all  the  dividends  paid 
by  the  y-diBon  Phonograph  Works,  whtoh  was  received  by  nr.  Searles,  and 
all  other  matters  having  to  do  with  the  interests  of  the  Company  or  the 
Subscribers.  .  t 

1  wrote  Mr.  Wka.  C.  Covering  a  letter  directed  to  40  Water  St. ,  Boston 
in  Whioh  I  advised  him  that  if  he  wished  to  be  relieved  of  the  obliga¬ 

tions  of  the  notes,  that  I  would  relieve  him  of  the  obligations  provided 
that  he  would  return  the  others  to  me,  and  I  have  received  no  reply  to  i 

letter  although  it  was  written  3  months  ago,  and  I  judge  therefore  that 
Mr.  Tiovering  has  decided  to  keep  his  interest,  Personally,  1  should  pr» 

ter  he  would  not,  if  ha  shows  any  weakness  whatever  in  relation  to  the  J 

Company.  ' 

I  have  instructed  my  Attorneys  to  write  and  arrange  an  appoint- 
ment,  and  you  will  be  good  enough  to  give  them  all  the  information  neoes- 
sary  for  the  full  protection  of  my  interest. 

Mr.  j-iorison,  4. 

Tou  need  not  mind  if  Mr.  Searlea  was  angry  with  you  or  not  for 
sending  the  letter  to  Mr.  James,  that  letter  will  speak  more  for  you  and 
in  your  fayor  with  Mr-.  James  than  anything  Mr.  Searlea  can  aay,  and  1 
will  protect  and  atond  by  you  wheneyer  you  take  sudh  notion  as  that  in  the 

5“°St  ;Uld  *“Uwrt  will  hue*  you  in  anything  ' 

you  my  do^lihe  manner,  which  I  con  eider  to  he  in  the  boat  intereat  of 
the  Subscribers  and  the  Company,  irrespeotre  of  anything  Mr.  Searlea 
nay  say  or  do.. 

If  in  any  way  my  action  is  necessary  for  ^protection  of  ,oy  inter- 
eete,  do  not  hesitate  to  cable  me  so  that  t  my  be  able  to  Wee  the 
necessary  steps,  and  I  trust  you  in  this  matter  implicitly,  x  Gaimot  < 
but  express  my  indignation  at  the  way  in  which  the  Colony  through  Mr.  ■* 
Searles  has  treated  *his  great  business  vhioh  I  hays  brought  to  its 
present  strong  position,  and  which  will  enable  more  money  to  be  made  out  ' 
of  it  than  I  over  hoped  to  get,  and  notwithstanding  this,  for  some 
unaccountable  reason  these  delays  through  some  foolish  procrastination 
are ■ constantly  occurring.  I  know  that  you  are  doing  your  best,  but  X 
shall  hold  to  strict  account  anyone  who  is  in  any  connected  with  the 
delay  which  is  causing  damage  to  the  interest  of  ifce  subscribers  or  the 
interest  of  the  contract  obligations  of  the  Company/.  X  am  anxiously 
waiting  a  cable  from  you  as  to  the  result  of  the  meeting  you  adyised  me  ' 
was  held  to-day  or  to-morrow,  and  X  hope  the  amount  of  money  due 

me  will  be  cabled  me  so  that  I  may  prosecute  the  business  in  the  most. 

profitable  way. 

■  trusting  that  you  are  well,  with  kind  regards, 

Yours  sincerely, 

COPY  " 

1st  February  1901. 

Alfred  Clark  Esq, 

With  further  reference  to  your  letter  of  the 
17th  ult.,'  regarding  the  Columbia  Company,  T  am  able  to  say  I' have  now 
succeeded  in  getting  some  information  in  respect  thereto. 

The  action  between  the  Edison  Bell  and  Columbia 
Company  is,  T  find,  withdrawn  bymutual  arrangement,  it  being  agreed 
between  .them  that  where  the  former  infringed' as  was  alleged  the 
latters  Grand  Patent  they  should  pay  a  stipulated  royalty  or  license 
and  conversely  the  Comumbia  should  pay  the  Edison  people  in  similar 
fashion  in  respect  of  what  the  last  named  considered  due  in  respect 
to  infringement  of  their  rights. 

I  have  had  a  little  difficulty  in  getting  at  the 
right  man  to  impart  the  information,  but  succeeded  yesterday,  and  his 
source  of  information  was  the  secretary 'of  the  Edison  Bell  Company. 
To-day  he  has  brought  me  a  copy  of  a  jurnal  'known  as  "Patents"  which  I 
am  sending  you  under  separate  cover,  and  in  which  some  particulars 
appear  in  column  1  on  page  22.  /  ■  ) 

You  will  observe  that  in  the  "settlement"  it  is 
only  stated  during  continuance  of  the! patents  and  without  stating  any 
definite  time,  and  moreover  that  the  Edis,on  people  shall  not  persue 
the  course  they  have  taken  up  against  users  of  the  Comumbia  goods 
alleged  to  infringe  their  patents.  This  however  brings  the  whole 
situation  back  to  the  position  in  which  it  was  before  the  action  was 
entered  into  at  all.’  ' 

/  Yours  faithfully, 

Pergonal  A  Confidential. 

Paris,  Pebruary, 2nd,  1901. 

Mr.  Budwlg  Stollwerok, 

Cologne,  Germany. 

My  dear  Mr.  Stollwerok: - 

I  1)62?  to  enclose  you  a  letter  which  I  re¬ 
ceived  from  the  Director  of  the  Paris  Company,  and  whioh  in  a  way, 
speaks..fof  itself,  and  I  want  to  write  you  now  in  the  kindest  and 
moat  friendly  spirit,  for  I  do  not  know. your  exact  relation,  either 
to  this  man  or  to  the  pussaud  business  generally,  and  whether  you 
have  really  had  sufficient  information  in  relation  to  the  matter  as 
you  should.: 

1  know  that  both  you  and  mt.  Bartholomew  are  very  busy  men 
and  I  know  tha^  you  would  regret  to  enter  into  an  enterprise,  no 
matter  what  ,  that  was  not  based  upon  correct  statements  and 

business,  and  I  do  not  wish  you  to  misunderstand  mo,  but  .L.  think 
that  it  is  quite  as  much  in  your  interest  and  Mr.  Bartholomew’s 
interest,  as  it  ^ould  be  in  my  own. 

While  I  waB  waiting  for  you  to  return  from  Switzerland,  I  had  ... 
an  intimation  in  relation  to  the  Dussaud  business  here,  and  1  put 
myself  immediately  in ^communication  with  parties  to  get  the  exact 
position1:  of  affairs,  both  in  ..relation  to  the  business  itself  and 
to  the  olairns  made. 

fn  every  ^conversation  that  I  have  had  with  Mr.  Henneoke,  and 
I' write  this  riot  to  do'  anyone  any  injury*  but  because  I  find  them 
to/be  the  facts  and  I  think  you  should  know  them,  and  I  write  it 
in  the  strictest  confidence  to,  you,  as  I  said,  in  almost  every 
conversation  I  ^tave  had  with  Mr.  Menneoke  he  has  contradicted  him¬ 
self  and  rnm^le  statements  whioh  a  few  moments  afterwards  he  repudia¬ 
ted,  and  denied,  whioh  would  make  even  a  most  prudent  man  susplolouit^ 

Mr/Dudwig  Stollwerok-2. 

/■  commenced  an  investigation  as  to  the  exact  position  of  affairs 
1  here,  and  I  am  not  at  all  satisfied  with  them.  Many  of  the  state¬ 
ments  which  he  made  to  me,  and  which  I  am  sure  he  must  have  made  to 
you,  and  whioh  induced  me  to  oonsider  the  Pussaad  telephone  for  a 
moment,  I  find  to.  he  inoorreot,  and  I  immediately  cabled  to  America 
to  find  out  the  position  of  the  patents  there.  X  have  just  this 
moment  had  a  reply  whioh  intimates  to  me  that  there  have  been 
several  patents  granted  in  America,  with  the  same  idea,  all  of 
whioh  Dussaud  is  in  interference  with,  and  the  probabilities  are 
expressed  very  strongly  that  no  patent,  as  applied  for,  oan  be 
issued,  as  that  ground  has  been  covered  by  patent  dating  as  far 
baok  as  1897. 

Besides  that,  upon  inquiry  here  I  learned  that  somev.;0f  the 
statements  in  relation  to  the  Paris  Exposition  will  not  bear  weight 
as  I  have  an  authoritative  statement  in  relation  to  the  x^ssaud 
patents  which  states  that  the  jury  specially  appointed  at  the 
Exposition  to  pass  upon  Telephonic  Instruments  .of  all  kinds  and 
inventions,  had  marked  Dussaud  with  point  .9^’.  •gero?}., which  is  the 
lowest  possible  point  that  oould  be  given.  Thia^ataiement  was 
made  by  a  Meniber  of  the  jury,  itself.  :  .  !j 

Mow,  I  do  not  wish  to.  prejudice  in  any  way  ';he  cash  nor  the 
Dussaud  interest  in  your  mind,  but  in  a  most  friendly  spirit  I  am 
inolined  to  let  you  know  these  facts,  and  you  can1  take  them  for 
what  you  think  they  are  worth,.  X  simply  makp  statements  to  you, 
based  upon  my  very  serious  investigations.,, '  My  \yholo  desire  has 
been  only  to  push  and  co-operate,  and  I  felt  that  i  oould  if  there 
was  a  basis,  or  any  such  basis  as  claimed  for  by/this  Director  in 
Paris,  but  in  view  of  the  facts  as  presented''™  me  by  high  authori% 
ty  here;  I  oanno.t  see  my  way  to  go  furthe^into.  theSfovt^er,  ncrto 

Kr.  Iudwig  Stollweroh-3. 

malco  any  expenditure  of  money  to  push  this  business,  and  I  certain¬ 
ly  have  not  'been  at  all  Impressed  with  j ir.  Henneoke  nor  his  manner 
of  conducting  the  business,  and  X  would  advise  you  to  have  some 
■  sort  of  serious  understanding  with  this  man,  and  I  think  I  am  pre¬ 
pared  to  convinoe  you  that  it  would  be  a  waste  of  time  both  yours, 
Mr.  Bartholomew’s  and  my  own,  to  go  further  into  this  business. 

I  know  that  you  will  take  this  in  the  right  spirit,  my  only  idea 
is  to  give  you  the  result  of  oertain  investigations  I  have  made 
with  the  earnest  intention  of  oo-operating  with  Mr.  Bartholomew 
and  yourself,  in  a  proper  exploiting  of  the  business,  and  in  pur¬ 
suance  of  that  object,  the  above  results  were  made  known  to  me  and 
I  comirainioajbe  them  to  you,  as  I  have  received  them. 

Trusting  that  you  are  well,  and  with  kindest  regards,  and 
will  freely  give  any  service  that  I  can  render  you  in  this  matter, 
believe  foe,  my  dear  Mr.  Stollwerck, 

YourB  very  sincerely, 


. s/pO:/ 


— K-< —  >u  a^f(_ 


i.  _ 


United  suae 


0?)  BILL  CTO, 

Edison  United  Phonograph 
Company  , 


Upon  reading  and  filing  the  complainant*  a  Bill  and  | 
«.mdn.vit8  thereto  annexed,  it  is  on  this  eleventh  day  of 
.Viardh,  Nineteen  hundred  and  Ons,  on  motion  0f  Howard  Y/,  Hayes, 
of  counsel  for  the  complainant,  ordered  that  the  defendant 
show  cause  before  the  Chancellor  at  tho  Chancery  Chambers  at 
Newark  on  Tuesday,  the  nine  te  .-nth  day  of  Mar  oh  Instant,  at  ten 
o' o.look  in  tho  forenoon,  why  an  injunction  should  not  issue 
and  a  Receiver  bo  appointed  as  preyed  for  in  said  Bill. 

AND  it  is  further  ordered  that  true  copies  of  tho 
said  Bill  and  affidavits  and  of  this  order  (which  oopios  nc 
not  be  certified)  be  served  on  the  President  or  Vioe  President 
of  tho  said  corporation  within  two  days  from  tho  date  heroofj 
whioh  service  may  be  made  in  the  State  of  Hew  York. 

AND  it  is  further  ordered  that  the  complainant  at 
the  hearing  of  this  order  have  loavo  to  read  additional  affij- 
davits,  provided  ocpios  of  the  some  shall  have  boon  oorvod 
upon  tho  s  Id  President  or  Vico  President  of  the  defendant 
corporation  within  fouro  days  from  tho  date  hereof.  Like  oojpy 
of  tho  Dili  and  ordor  shall  bo  served  on  the  Guaranty  Trust 
Company  of  tho  City  of  New  York  and  notice  of  this  order  or  |c 
like  oopy  thereof  shall  be  also  moiled  to  tho  creditors  of  i 
Company  at  their  respective  post  office  addresses  if  the  saijie 
can  bo  ascertained  within  two  days  of  tho  date  hereof. y 

Respectfully  advised.  W 

John  R. Emory  Wln- 

Vice  Chancellor. 


Koln,  April  19,1601. 

Dr,  Paul  Alexander  Katz, 

Berlin,  W.S. 

Dear  Sir:*- 

We  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  letters  dated  respectively. 
March  15th  and  April  9th,1901,  and  wish  to  inform  you  in  the  matter  of 
Paeizold,for  the  present, we  do  not  wish  to  prosecute  it  further.  We 
therefore  decline  to  enter  upon  your  polite  inquiries  and  subscribe 
ourselves  in  the  meantime. 

Very  respectfully  yours, 

German-Edison  Phonograph  Co. 

gez  Ludwig  Stollwreck. 

October  25th, 1901. 

Ludwig  Stollwerck,  Eeq. , 

Cologne,  Germany. 

My  dear  Mr.  Stollwerck:-' 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  the  recipt  of  your  letter 
from  Switzerland,  and  aleo  your  letter  In  which  you  state  that  you 
will  send  the  completed  papers  to  Doctor  Owen  at  the  earliest  possible 
time.  So  as  there  may  be  no  delay,  I  will  not  wait  longer  to  get 
the  completed  papers,  but  will  place  your  order  at  once,  and  ship 
it  at  the  earliest  possible  time  as  per  your  instructions,  and  1  an 
also  hawing  Mr.  B rosea  arrange  for  the  email  slot  machines  such 
as  you  describe  that  you  wanted  .mdd#,and  they  will  be  put  in  hand 

at  once,  and  forwarded  at  the  earliest  time  possible  after  comple- 

You  did  not  state  the  coin  piece  which  you  -  wish  ineert- 

ed,  but  I  take.  that  it  is  a  ten  pfening  piece,  wo  that  these  will 
be  constructed  to  take  that  coin. 

In  relation  to  the  large  order  which  you  will  give  after 
receiving  the  sample*,  both  for  machinew  and  cylinders^  the  prieee 
will  be  governed  by  the  amount  of  machines  ordered,  and  as  it  is  my 

intention  to  give  you  these  m  acfaino. 
that  you  will  _ _  _ 

‘  favorable  basis 

°naW8d  ^  Pra5ti«^1y  control  the  entir 

fbr  Germany. 

As  soon  as  your  order  is  received  r  hope  to  sail  at  onoe 
and  co-operate  with  you  to  pueh  the  business-  to  the  fullest 
extent,  and  to  realize  the  greatest  dividends  to  the  stodKn&ldtrs. 
Trusting  you  are  well, 

Youre  Sincerely, 

iSu&rolg  StoHmerct. 

Cologne,  N  ovember  4th  1901. 

St.  Moriarty  Esq. 

New  York 

Dear  Mr.  Moriarty  , 

X  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  "i  %  ^  -  and  note 

that  the  samples  machines  each  20  of  the  four  different  systems 
will  he  shipped  at  ones. 

I  also  note  that  your  Secretary  Mr.  Brassa  will  take  directly 
in  hand  with  Mr.  Edison  a  new  Automatic  Slot  machine  of  which  we  will 
receive  some  samples.  X  may  mention  ^ai^^that^thesejnachines  will 
he  a  great  suasess  if  they  are  made  in  a  solii^^SyT" and~with”a^pr lng 
motor  which  ought  not  to  he  too  strong.  It  is  quite  sufficient  if 
it  works  the  cylinder  twice,  so  that  .-we  can  give  to  every  body  the 
directly^  drop  the  10  pfennig  pi-be  into  the  slot,  wind  up  the 
spring  as  far  as  it  goes/ and  the  Phonograph  will  work, "  It  is  only 
necessary  that  the  key  for  the  spring  is  so  constructed: 

1.  that  it  can  not  he  wound  to  the  left  hand  or  that  it  goes 
without  turning  anything  and 

2.  that  it  is  so  strong  that  more  the  key  will  break  as  the 
spring  or  the  interior  mechanismn  of  the  Phonograph. 

I  hope  soon  to  hear  from  you  when  the  machines  will  he 
shipped,  and  as  we  wrote  you  already,  Messrs.  Volkmann.Stollwerck 
&  Co.wi  11  hand  you  check  over  before  shipment  of  the  said  machines. 


ULcnione-Fn*nnin,  u 

New  York,_ 

S.  P.  Moriarty,  Esq., 

f«  Edison  United  Phonograph  Oo. , 

#  27  William  Street, 

New  York  Oity. 

Dear  Sir: 

In  ansY/er  to  your  favor  of  the  11th  Inst.  We  have  received 
a  request  from  Mr.  Stollwerck  to  pay  your  bill  for  80  phonographs 
and  5000  blank  cylinders,  upon  receipt  of  bill  of  lading,  which  we 
will  be  pleased  to  do. 

We  know  nothing  about  shipping  instructions;  but  should  think 
that  if  the  goods  are  intended  for  Germany,  the  Rotterdam  <t«d  Amster¬ 
dam  steamers  vrould  be  most  convenient,  if  their  freight  rates  are 
as  lov/  as  those  of  other  lines. 

We  are-  J 

Yours  very  truly, 

6,  Trafalgar  UnxVisxTtQx, 

MoxtTjumb&rlKttb  %fa&nxx&, 


SOth  NOTewihnr  1901. 

Dear  Mr  Mori arty, 

I  hsvv®  no  3. fitter  from  you  to  answer  tcunlay,  cut 
X  -or  :  r  that  I  had  nr.  intorview  this  nornir.c  ritli  Mr  Soarlc, 
the  London  r*i  '  i>u  of.  M:  Ludwig  S  olj^r-l  ,  He  told  ru*  -that, 
he  had  a  letter  from  Cologne  in  which  Mr  S o nil’ rer ok  ashed  him  to  call 
o  jo  .••■•  .(l  that  a  oonsignnant  of  "Geiu"  phonographs  wo  ey.poc- 
-tod  iron  you,  lout  as  they-  would  arrive  .tor,  loto  for  the  Christmas 
traffic,  would  I  author: Ue  •»  t  Kd-.»or -Bo  J,  Oos  to  forward  80  machines 
on  account-  to  Go  many.  I  t&l  Mr  Searle  that.  I  could  not.  do  this,  and 
as  he  represented  the  matter  as  an  urgent  one,  I  cabled  you  to*dfty 
us  f  olio- ,•»:-■ 


Prom  what-  I  could  gather  Mr  StollvraroJ:  has  evidently  ap*  ror-clied  the 
Eili;} cu-Bell  Co:,  and  they  said  they  could  not  deliver  the  machines 
without  the  consent  of  the  Edis on-Bnlto&rcx  Phonograph  Co;  hence  the 
cable  r,B  sr.aye  to  yon.  v 

Aa  I  adrinod  you  I  have  th»  goods  from  Brettles  awaiting  your 
instructions.  Please  lot.  cm  know  if  I  will  chart:®.  th«  amount  paid 
through  the  Company's  accounts. 

There  in  nothing  else  I  can  think  of  to  write  about  by  this 
Outward  nail.  Yours  very  t r dly  — 

0  Deutsche 


mit  besohrllnktor  Hnftung. 

Cologne,  November  30th  1901. 

St.  Moriarty  Esq. 


Near  Mr.MHriarty-  , 

I  was  some  weeks  ago  in  Vienna  and  was  astonished  to  see 
in  one  of  the  streets  one  house  with  a  large  show-card  "Edison  * 

Import  Haus"  I  asked  my  Managing  Director  in  Vienna  what  is  the  matter 
with  that  house  and  heard  that  there  is  a  Gentleman  who  Import  in 
large  quantities  Edison  machines.  I  then  asked  him,  if  he  know 
this  Gentleman,  and  he  answered  me  that  he  knows  him  very  well,  and 
that  he  could  introduce  him  to  me. 

I  paid  him  a  visit  and  I  was  informed  that  thei  machines 
are  delivered  directly  from  the  National  Phonograph  Co  mpany  from 
New-York  at  cheap  prices.  I  told  this  „entleman  now,  that  I  was 
very  astonished  to  hear  that  because  the  patents  are  the  sole  pro—  • 
perty  of  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company.  '  - 

Now  I  also  hear  that  this  National  Shonograph  Company  from 
America  has  sent  again  a  representative  to  Vienna  and  offered  to 
our  Branch  house  Oesterrelch:  Uhgarische  Automaton  Gesellsohaft 
at  very  cheap  prices  Phonographs.  As  my  Managing  Direotor  asked  him, 
how  that  could  be  possibleas  the  other  Gentleman,  the  Bdlsoii  Import 
house  has  already  the  agency,  he  answered  that  he  doen*t  like  this 
concern,  asd  the  made  in  Vienna  now  records  and  sold  them  as  real 
original  Edison  records. 

Gcselir. : 

Deutsche  Edison-Phonographen-Gesellschaft 

mit  beschrankter  Haftung. 

Bogen  un3  Mcutiiarty  Esq.  30/ll  01  **"*'"* 

, ^  Now  1  also  Herewith  send  you  copy  of  a  letter  vhioh  I  just 

received  from  Mr.  Cromelin  from  the  Columbia  Phonograph  Company; 

it  is  a  private  letter  but  nevertheless  it  will  in  terest  you. 

...  .''.oHor*,:.' 

According  to^this  letter, the  National  Phonograph  Company  from 
New-York  sells  now  large  quantities  of  Edison  Machines  to  Germany, 
What  would  be  against  our  contract,  but  because  we  have  only  one  ~ 
patent  yet  which  has  some  value  number  <57  /  p  which  speaks  about 
the  recording  point,  we  are  in  a  bad  condition. 

Have  the  kindness  to  examine  all  the  informations  which  1 
herewith  give  you  and  I  hope  Boon  to  hear  from  you,  that  you  can 
make  such  arrangements,  that  the  real.,. Edison  maohines  will  no  more 
imported  by  the  said  Company  in  Germany. 

I  also  may  mention  that  I  have  had  yesterday  the  visit  of 
Mr.  Smith,  our  mutual  friend,  from  the  London  Edison  Bell  Phonograph 
Corporation.  He  told  me  that  they  have  a  very  good  suocess  now  in 
London,  because  they  are  able  to  sell  even  Phonographs  to  17/6 
eaoh.  The  sale  in  reoords  is  something  enormous  and  that  tacauBe  - 
the  Company  is  now  able  to  sell  such  oheap  Phonographs  they  look 
into  a  good  future. 

1  also  send  you  enclosed  copy  of  a  letter,  which  I  just 
addressed  to  Dr.  Owen  the  solicitor,  in  London,  and  I  am  in  the 
meantime,  dear  Sire  .  ,  . 

Yours  truly*  - 


7 — i ,  W 

Mr.  Ludwig  Dtollworck, 

C  o  i  o  B  n  e  on  PJilno. 

Dear  Slr:- 

You  will  be  Interne ted  In  the  contents  of  a  letter 
received  this  morning  from  the  President  ofl  our  Company,  dated 
November  21,  reading  as  follows:  1 

u2he  Court  of  Appeal  of  the  district  of  Columbia  has  nfflrmed 
the  decision  of  the  lower  court  and  thereby'  emphasized  the  exclusive 
right  of  the  Columbia  Phonograph  Co.  in  its  original  territory  of 
Maryland,  Delaware  and  the  district  of  Columbia,  the  case  was  that 
of  the  Columbia  Phonograph  Co.  versus  Vhlpson  and  was  defended  by  the 
National  Phonograph  Co.  through  Its  ablest  counsel.  Their  court  of 
appeal  is  the  court  of  last  resort,  and  tho  decision  absolutely  pro¬ 
hibits  the  sale  of  National  product  on  the  territory  in  ouestlon" . 

Use  above  Is  particularity  Interesting  to  you  in  view  of  tli  o 
fact  that  the  Edison  product  Is  more  extensively  than  ever  being 
brought  into  this  territory,  which  we  understand  has  boon  granted 
to  you  for  n.  consideration.  1 

Very  sincerely  Yours, 

goz:  Paul  !!.  Kromolin. 

.  Director, 

December  37, 

jjrr  Ludwig  f?tollwerck, 

Cologne,  ft  e  many. 

My  dear  Mr.  Stollwerck:- 

Your  letter  of  soyember  30th  is  at  hand  and  I  take 
the  first  opportunity  I  have  to  reply. 

1  mi  making  very  good  and  substantial  progress 
here  for  the  complete  protection  of  our  business  in  Europe, 
and  I  note  with  interest  what  you  state  ah  out,  Edison’s  Juiiaa. 
agent  in  Vienna,  who  haB  opened  what  is  called  the  Edison  Im¬ 
port  House.  We  will  stop  these  machines  ahsolute-ly  and 
finally  from  being  exported  by  the  new  agreements  we  ar3  mak¬ 
ing,  and  also  by  certain  processes  which,  we  are  taking  in, 
to  prevent  this  thing  from  ever  happening  again,  and  to  that 
end  we  have  instituted  several  pew  Buits  against  Edison  and 
the  phonograph  works  for  attempting  to  inquire  our  business, 
and  we  will  carry  these  t,o  a  very  successful  determination 
within  the  next  thirty  days,  and  I  will  report  to  you  imme¬ 
diately  it  is  done. 


In  Austria  we  propose  to  have  some  people  with  whom 
wo  are  already  in  correspondence,  and  who  are  responsible 
and  substantial  people,  tnka  hold  of  our  business  and  protect 
it  with  all  the  steal ousnesa  that  they  can.  On  account  of  the 
great  success  with  which  the  Kdison-Bell  Company  is  meeting 
in  London,  the  facts  of  which.  X  stated  to  you  when  I  was  in 
Cologne  before  your  directors,  and  which  you  seemed  t,n  hare 
some  doubt  about,  I  now  must  send  you  the  very  gratifying 
report  that  they  are  earning  over  thirty  percent  in  cash  this 
year  for  dividends..  This  greatly  exceeds  what  X  told  you, 
and  X  am  sorry  you  are  not  pushing  your  business  as  vigorous¬ 
ly  as  they  did  theirs,  for  there  is  no  reason  why  you  should 
not  have  had  the  seme  kind  of  result,  and  you  would  have  made 
an  enormous  sum  of  money,  as  they  are  making.  X  am  however 
now  able  to  state  that  X  will  stop  all  these  maohines  from 
going  into  Gormany,  and  I  have  been  waiting  for  your  agree¬ 
ment  to  be  sent  to  me  officially  signed,  so  that  we  can  ex-  " 
change  agreements,  and  you  can  begin  the  business  of  supply¬ 
ing  machines  at  the  earliest,  possible  time.  The  new  Conti¬ 
nental  Company  which  we  have  formed  will  take  charge  of  tho 
Continental  business,  and  the  prospects  are  that  they  will 
do  even  a  much  larger  business  than  the  Edison-Bell  Co.  have 
been  doing.  I  will  give  your  letter  the  fullest  considera¬ 
tion  and  report  to  you  at  a  later  date  just,  what  steps  X  have 
taken  in  relation  t,p  it. 

Trusting  you  are  wall,  I  am,  my  dear  Mr.  Stollworck, 
Yours  truly. 

1901.  West  Orange  Laboratory  (D-01-34) 

This  folder  contains  memoranda,  correspondence,  and  other  documents 
relating  to  the  operation  of  the  West  Orange  laboratory.  Included  are  lists  made 
by  Edison  of  chemicals  to  be  obtained,  correspondence  pertaining  to  insurance 
and  machine  tools  for  the  lab,  and  orders  directed  to  the  laboratory 
storekeeper.  Also  included  is  correspondence  between  Edison  and  the  Essex 
and  Hudson  Gas  Co.  regarding  an  agreement  to  supply  the  laboratory,  the 
Edison  Phonograph  Works,  and  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  These 
consist  primarily  of  orders  in  Edison's  hand,  a  general  notice  to  employees,  and 
specifications  for  a  sign  to  be  hung  in  front  of  the  laboratory. 


'  gn1m*patflb^ttar. 

iffECEWE  b’>f 

MAY 1800 


Llewellyn  Park,  West  Orange,  N 

qj  y,  X*  V^r^. 

Ur/  ^ 

± j-CCUJ~tL  T t~ 

•— I- 

On  behalf ,of  my  neighbors*,  (son 

Park  Avenue),  and  others  residing  i n  t 

•ealize  what  a  nuisance  it  is  becom- 

llke  myself  reside 

I  wish  to  inquire  if  you  would  not  be  willing  to  di a contl 
soft  coal  at  your  laboratory  a  {id  ad.lolninp:  works.  Vail) 
side  Avenue,  West  Ora: 

I  am  sure  that  you  do  not l 
ing,  so  badjthat  not  only  is  it  disagreeable  to  the  senses,  but  it  dam¬ 
ages  clothing  hung  out  to  dry,  penetrates  to  the  inside  of  our  houses, 
and  makes  life  miserable.  It  is  also  a  serious  menace  to  the  value  of 
real  estate  lying  within  reach  of  the  wide  limits  to  which  the  smoke  is 

I  sincerely  trust  that  you  will  appreciate • the  seriousness  and 
Justness  of  the  complaint,  and  give  the  same  consideration  to  this  request  i 
that  the  "power-house"  people  and  the  Ice  Company  have,  one  of  them  hav-  ] 
ing  discontinued  the  use  of  the  soft  coal,  and  the  other  has  promised  to 
do  so,  as  soon  as  their  experimental  supply  is  exhausted. 

Very  truly  yours,  f  j 

XjK  [_ 

^  if 

101  Park  Avenue,  Orange.  e! 


„  Dee.  SI,  1900. 

Mr.  Gilmore  : 

It  now  would  be  a  good  time  to  answer  Mr.  Baldwin! s  < 
letter  to  the  effect  that  we  have  instilled  a  new  boiler  and  higher 
smoke-stack,  and  that  we  believe  a  better  consumption  of  coal  will  Ae 
obtained,  and  the  smoke  nuisance  will  be  eliminated  to  such  an  extent 
that  it  will  not  be  objectionable. 

If  we  should  find,  however,  that  it  will  not  !  .=  entirely 
over-come , the  nuisance,  that  we  intend,  and  in  fact  have  ordered  a 
smoke  consumer  to  be  attached  to  our  boilers.  We  have  also 
arranged  to  equip  our  boilers  with  grates  which  will  enable  us  to  burn 
hard  coal,  should  we  find  it  necessary  to  do  so* 

P.  Weber. 

Antwort  crbittcn  an 
Abtheilung  M 

Oudenarder  Sir.  23/30. 

My  dear  Edison, 

Re.  Motors. 

In  reply  to  yours  of  Peby  5th  I  am 

satisfied  that  you  should  build  these  motors  yourself. 



object  of  my  offer  to  build  these  motors  for  you  was  not  because 

I  am  hungry  for  the  job,  but  because  I  wanted  to  make  it  easy 
for  you  to  get  these  motors  quick  and  cheaply.  But  complying 
with  your  wishes  expressed  in  several  letters,  I  only  send  you 

one  motor  of  each  size,  including  the  40  and  50  HP.  as  per  your 
letter  of  the  5th.  Peby. 

One  each  of  the  following  sizes.  - 

1  5  HP.  220  volts. 
1  10  HP.  220  volts. 
1  15  HP.  220  volts. 
1  20  HP.  220  volts. 
1  30  HP.  220  volts. 
1  40  HP.  220  volts. 
1  50  HP.  220  volts. 

I  am  also  sending  you  blue  prints  of  these  different  sizei 

Bergmann-Elektromotoren-  und  Dynamo -Werke  Aktiengesellschaft. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.  Orange,  contd.  7th.  March.  1901. 

One  of  my  electrical  engineers,  Mr.  Winkler,  whom  I  have 
instructed  to  Bet  up  that  motor  for  you  which  I  sent  you  some 
time  ago,  if  it  is  not  already  in  running  order,  is  fully 
conversant  with  the  construction  and  the  building  of  these 
motors  and  he  can  spend  some  days  with  you  if  necessary  to  give 
any  desired  information  about  construction  and  winding. 

Mr.  Winkler  goes  to  the  States  on  private  business  and  I 
taka  the  opportunity  of  availing  myself  of  his  services  for 
the  purpose  indicated. 

Your  proposition  about  Royalty  is  satisfactory  as  far  as 
this  lot  of  motors  for  your  own  enterprise  and  Cement  Mill  is 
concerned,  but  when  building  these  motors  later  on  for  the 
trade,  we  have  to  consider  the  patents  in  the  United  States, 
which  are  the  personal  property  of  Mr.  Burke.  I  have  no  doubt 
but  that  in  such  a  case  a  fair  royalty  can  easily  be  agreed 

Please  give  Mr.  Winkler  the  exact  size,  HP.  speed  and  voltage 
of  the  different  motors  you  want  to  build  so  that  we  can  make  the 
proper  punches  and  dies  for  the  teeth  of  the  armature  discs  and 
punchings  for  field  magnet  as  well  as  the  winding  and  bending 
forms  for  the  armature  coils. 

Trusting  that  this  is  all  perfectly  clear  to  you  and  that 

Bergmann-Elektromotoren-  und  Dynamo -Werke  Aktiengesellschaft. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  contd.  7th.  March.  1901. 

you  will  make  good  use  of  Mr.  Winkler  while  he  is  there,  I  am, 



'■*  # 

New  York  Office,  44  Broad  St. 

I'arch  25,  1901 

M  26  1901 

M r.  Thomas  A.  .Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Bear  Sirs: 

We  have  your  favor  of  March  22  regarding  prints  of 
induction  motors.  we  had  to  take  this  matter  up  with  our  works 
as  the  motors  were  entirely  special  and  we  had  never  built  anything 
of  the  kind  at  the  speed  specified.  I  will  advise. you  ns 
soon  as  possible  in  regard  t'o  this 

Jlurru*-cJLe> - 

Of-  0 

^  ti  !90i 
,  MAY  ±1 19! 

Mr.  Tiios.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J., 

Dear  Sir, 

To  your  inquiry  of  the  6th  would  say  that  we  have  no  #1  l/3 
double  action  presses  on  hand, 

,  ;r  .  We  oould,  however,  give  you  a/^2  l/2  Jfrom  stdok  for  $300  J30~) 
net  f.o.b,  Waterbury;  special  roll  feed  for  same,  with  rolls  3  l/4 
faoe,  $76,00.  The  feed  we  would  have  to  build  and  oould  make  no 
promise  on  delivery  until  the  strikes  in  this  section  are  settled. 
Under  ordinary  conditions  we  oould  build  this  roll\  feed  in  about 
two  weeks.  It  is  possible  you  might  like  to  use  the  press  for 
a  while  without  the  teed,  in  whioh  oase  we  could  make  immediate 
shipment,  and  later  eould  build  and  send  you  the  feed,  which  you 
oould  readily  apply,1 

Hoping  to  hear  from  you  further  in  this  matter,  |we  remain, 

■  -Yours  very  truly, 

Dio.A.C.C.  The  E.J.Manville  Maohijne  Co. 


1 ''  Y 

/pr  y/'ivL 

rU  $ Zoo. 

/tLcuui  .  IUZ 


Please  Address  P.  O.Box  2833.  Nowlork . 

iii.rNus  ,  Dyk  SvDi'irs  &  CniwucAi 

Cable  Address:  Kllpstcln  New-York. 
.Alebcr-sand  A.D.C.Coile. 

June  4,  1901. 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirs:- 

We  beg  leave  to  address  you  oonoeming  CAUSTIC  POTASH. 

We  are  the  agentB  for  Amerioa  for  the  sale  of  the  product  of  the 
Chemischo  Pabrik  Griesheim-Elektron,  the  only  considerable  makers  of 
Caustio  Potash  by  eleotrolyBis. 

They  furnish  the  article  in  a  form  containing  less  than  2#  total 
impurities  and  about  7 %  moisture. 

It  is  marketed  under  the  designation  "Electrolytic  Caustic  Pot¬ 
ash  9q#",  and,  as  you  will  realize,  is  far  superior  to  the  old  process 
Caustic  Potash. 

We  solioit  your  inquiries  when  you  are  interested,  and  will  be 
glad  to  give  fuller  particulars  on  request, 

YourB  truly, 



‘  ESTABLISHED  1872. 

A.  Klipstein  &  Company, 



New  York,  June  4,  1901. 

Cable  Address,  Klipstein  New-York, 
Liabor’i  and  As  B.  0.  Code, 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

orange ,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sirs:- 

TZ Te  solicit  your  inquiries  for  CARBONATE  and  CAUSTIC  POTASH. 

You  have  prohahly  favored  us  with  your, orders  for  those  in  the 
past,  as  for  a  good  many  years  we  have  supplied  most  of  the  larger  consu¬ 
mers  and  dealers.  Handling  as  v/e  do  the  bulk  of  the  European  product  of 
Potashes  for  American  consumption,  we  are  always  in  position  to  furnish 
the' goods  in  any  desired  grade  or  quantity  from  the  80/85/  Calcined  and 
82/84/  Extra  Hydrated  to  the  98/99/  Calcined  for  fine  chemical  purposes. 

Our  Electrolytic  Caustic  Potash,  90/  pure,  free  from  dirt  and 

soluble,  is  economical. 

i ye  can  snake  it  pay  you  to  inquire  of  us  for  prices,  etc.,  v/hen 
you  are  interested  in  these  goods. 

Yours  truly, 



New  York, 

Cable  Address,  Klipsteln  New-York, 
Lleber’s  and  A.  B.  0.  Oode. 

Concerning  Potash. 

During  the  past  five  years  we  have  from  time  to  time  called  to 
the  attention  of  Textile  Manufacturers  and  Makers  of  Kill  Soaps  and  Pine 
Toilet  Soaps,  the  very  decided  advantage  as  regards  the  improvement  in  re¬ 
sults,  aB  well  as  the  cheapening  of  their  cost  hy  the  use  of  Electrolytic 
CauBtic  Potash  "90^",  (or,  when  figured  on  a  dry  basis,  as  is  sometimes 
done,  9E$>) .  The  results  of  these  letters  have  been  most  gratifying  to 
us,  and  profitable  to  the  consumers,  as  is  proven  by  the  fact  that  this 
article  has  been  adopted  by  the  largest  makers  of  Textile  Soaps  without 
exception  in  this  country,  as  well  as  by  a  constantly  increasing  number  of 
fine  Toilet  Soap,  Shaving  Soap,  Wool,  Worsted  and  Silk  and  fine  Chemical 
Manufacturers.  Our  claims  for  it  have  been  amply  proven,  vis: 

1st.  Its  purity  -  over  9J$f  on  a  dry  basis, 

and  9Cfi  actual  K  0  H  as  packed. 

2nd.  Its  perfect  solubility  and  freeness  from  objectionable  Soda 


3rd.  Its  relative  cheapness  -  the  production  on  a  large  scale  by 

Electrolysis,  producing  the  cheapest  as  well  as  the  most  uni¬ 
form  products  possible. 

These  points  of  advantage  have  made  a  decided  increase  in  the 
use  of  Potash  Soap  in  this  country,  which  increase  has  been  coincident 
with  the  rapid  improvement  in  American  made  woolen  goods,  in  respect  es¬ 
pecially  to  softness  and  finish. 

Potash  SoapB  have  been  used  for  a  long  time  more  largely  in 
Europe  than  here,  and  our  present  import  tariff  recognizes  the  benefit  to 

Concerning  Potash.  -  2 

the  woo-len  industry  of  substituting  Soda  by  Potash  more  largely  in  wool 
Boouring,  hy  wisely  permitting  Caustic  and  Carbonate  of  Potash  to  come  in 
free  of  duty,  thus  contributing  in  an  important  way  towards  the  attainment 
of  that  greater  Softness,  Elasticity,  Tensile  Strength  and  Saving  of 
Weight  and  of  Waste  in  Carding,  as  compared  with  Soda  Scoured  Wool. 

'  The  comparative  analyses  given  below  are  significant. 

We  solicit  your  inquiries  for  Potashes  as  'well  as  Soap' Makers' 
Colors  and  Chemicals  generally. 


A.  iaiPSTEIN  &  CO  . 



Best  Brands  old  process 
Caustic  Potash. 
Potassium  hydrate  iK  0  H) 

11  Carbonate  (K  C  0.,) 

"  Chloride  (K£!Cl)'a 
Sodium  Hydrate  (Wa  H  0) 

"  Chloride  (Ha  Cl) 

Water  (hy  difference) 






Electrolytic  90^  Caustic  Potash. 

87. 5($ 



Analyses  of  2  samples  "70 /75^n 
received  from  a  customer's  factory. 

Sample  #1  -  "70/75/"  .  Sample  #2  -  "70/75/".  Electrolytic. 

55/56/j  K  0  H  53/63;?  K  0  H  87  .50  K  0  H 

from  which  it  follows  that  Electrolytic  at  6-l/2  is  much  cheaper  than 
"70/75;?"  pld  prooess  even  at  4-1/2  -  without  considering  the  advantages 

of  purity,  cleanliness  and  uniformity. 

June  15th, 1901. 

E.  A.  Black, Esq.., 

Park  Street, 

Orange, N.J. 

Dear  Sir 

Replying  to  yours  of  the  12th  Inst.,  we  hog  to  state  that 
you  may  enter  our  order  for  one  Bign  about  four  feet  square  to 
contain  the  following  which  is  to  be  put  in  gold  and  blaok  with 
small  letters  similar  to  those  on  sign  now  In  our  front  yard. 

The  above  including  the  sign  board  and  hanging  same. 

Prioe  to  be  523.00. 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Company. 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Company. 

New  Jersey  &  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  WorkB. 

Edl son-Sounders  Compressed  Air  Company. 

The  Sussex  County  Iron  Company. 

'  M- 

December  11,1901. 

[r.  Randolph:- 

The  attached  carbon  copy  of  a  letter  written  by  Mr.  Edison 
o  the  Essex  &  Hudson  Gas  Company,  explains  itself.  From  December' 
,Bt.  we  are  to  have  the  gas  at  the  Laboratory  billed  according  to 
he  schedule  in  Mr.  Edison's  letter. 

Yours  very  truly, 


December  10,1901 

The  Essex  &  Hudson  Osb  Oo., 



Dear  SirBJ- 

As  per  verbal  arrangement  made  with  your  Hr.  P.  p.  Reloh- 
helm  yesterday,  and  in  accordanoe  with  yours  of  November  27th,  we 
understand  that  you  are  willing  to  deliver  gas  to  my  Phonograph 
Vorke,  laboratory  and  to  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.  at  Silver 
liake,H.J,,  on  the  following  schedule: 


II  II  If  If  II  II  If  II  ||  ||  II  II  M  II  II  II  II  ||  It  It  ||  ||  ||  || 

,  1900. 

lift  It  U  It  It  II 

80,000  ‘SuftooS  'S'*’  T  "S*1  dlnoount,  ..00  net, 

100,000  '■  200  000  .  ~~p>  -  ,9° 

200,000  "  300,000 
300,000  »  400,000 




400,000  cubic  feet  and  over,  40/'  "  ,70 

The  entire  amount  used  at  all  three  plaoes  to  be  billed 
to  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works,  they  in  turn  billing  to  the  other 
two  departments.  Eaoh  department, however,  is  to  have  separate 
meters  so  you  can  get  at  what  eaoh  uses. 

We  understand  that  you  will  arrange ’with  your  Orange 
of floe  that  this  arrangement  is  to  go  into  effect  from  December  1st. 
1901,  covering  Phonograph  Works. and  laboratory. 

We  also  understand  that  owing  to  your  inability  to  get 
oast  iron  pipe  and  the  fact  that  thr  ground  1b  now  frozen,  you  will 


E.  &  H.  Cfas  Co.  #2. 

not  toe  able  to  lay  the  necessary  mains  at  Silver  X.ske  until  next 
Spring,  but  that  you  will  do  it  as  soon  eb  the  frost  is  out  of  the 
ground.  In  the  meantime,  you  are  to  install  at  the  plant  of  the 
Edison  Storage  Battery  Company,  Silver  Bake,N.J.,  a  plant  capable 
of  producing  six  thousand  cubic  feet  of  gasoline  gas  per  day 
(24  hours)  and  that  the  gas  used  there  is  to  be  paid  for  under  Bame 
schedule  as  it  if  was  coal  gas  supplied  from  your  mains.  You  are 
to  install  and  equip  this  plant  ready  for  v/ork;  run  it,  and  make 
all  repairs  at  no  expense  to  us  other  than  the  rate  per  1,000  cubic 
feet  spaolfied  in  schedule,  and  agree  to  keep  the  Edison  Battery 
Company  supplied  with  gas  to  the  capacity  per  day  already  stated.. 
Your  temporary  gas  plant  to  be  so  installed  that,  it  will  oome 
in  under  the  Insurance  requirements  and  not  effect  our  rate. 

The  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company  will  agree  in  consider¬ 
ation  of  your  erecting  and  operating  the  temporary  plant  at  Silver 
lake.,  and  the  putting  down  the  necessary  mains, (which  we  understand 
are  to  be  8"  dia. )  next  Spring,  to  use  alt  least  one  million  and  one 
half  (1,500,000)  cubic  feet  of  gas  in  the  next  three  j>-earB.  The 
temporary  plant  at  Silver  Bake  should  be  ready  about  January  16th, 

Yours  very  truly, 



reply  TO  letter  of  December  loth.  .  .. 


December  14th,  1901. 


Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  letter  of  above  date  outlining  the  proposal  of  this 
Company  to  furnish  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company  at  Silver  Lake, 
New  Jersey  with  gas  from  January  15th,  1902,  is  received,  and  accepted 
with  the  understanding  that  you  are  to  use  our  gas  for  a  period  of 
not  less  than  three  years,  during  which  time  your  consumption  shall  be 
at  least  500.000  feet  per  annum. 

The  prices  to  maintain  at  your  Laboratory  and  Phonograph 
Works,  and  the  Storage  Battery  Works,  are  to  be  in  accordance  with 
the  discounts  noted  in  your  letter. 

Very  tru ly  yours, 




,  2 

A  .jj 

,  >r^\  ,S^V" 


December  23,1901. 

Mr.  J.  P.  Dusenberry,  Seoretary, 
Essex  &  Hudson  flas  Company, 

Dear  Blrs- 

Replying  to  yours  of  the  14th  Inst,  which  was  delivered 
by  your  l!r.  Reichhelm,  we  beg  to  state  that  your  modifications  as 
to  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company  at  Silver  Bake-,,Shall  use  your 
gas  for  a  period  of  not  less  than  three  years,  during  which  time 
the  consumption  shall  be  at  the  least  500,000  feet  per  anmun"  is 


Answering  questions  asked  by  Mr.  Reichhelm,  bag  to  state, 
the  6,000  feet  is  to  be  UBedt distributed  over  a  period  of  20  years 
and  the  necessary  arrangements  should  be  made  in  putting  up  the  gas 
maohine  so  that  there  will  be  a  uniform  pressure  ptherwise  we  would 
be  unable  to  obtain  the  results  necessary. 

Yours  very  truly, 

•rlfM/ms  /v/j/y  to  thin  letter  tofi/t/lock  Cbmprnu/  tti  JfrneYorh 

reply,  to  this  left,.,-  to  hillock  Company  at  Jwr  York. 

Deo.  16th, 1901. 

/  /  / 

f'A  jtp  .  (  Llf*  c  .  r-i- 


itro^uce  Mr.  Clifton  V.  Edwaiil*?f 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange,  N.J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:- 


.horn  I  have  mittsn.  He  .ante  t/look  over  Borne  of  year  measuring 
Instrument  patent..  Pr.  KenneuJ  says  that  yen  hare  tne.e  very  picel* 
arranged  a™,.,  the  patent  ii/er.tur.  of  year  iar.„  and  if  you  can 
accomodate  Mr.  Kwas  in  thi/ matter  yon  mu  confer  a  great  fa*r 

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it  otic 

You  are  requested  to  register  your  number _  upon  the 

recister  in  front  of  store-room  upon  starting  and  stopping  work. 
Failure  to  do  so  will  result  in  loss  of  time  to  you. 

Thomas  A.  Edison. 

IT  0  T  I  C  E  . 

You  are  hereby  requested  to  register  your  number _ upon 

the  register  in  front  of  store-room  upon  startinc  and  stopping 
work.  Failure  to  do  so  will  result  in  loss  of  time  to  you. 

Thomas  A.  Edison. 

IT  0  T  I  C  E  . 

You  are  requested  to  recister  your  number _ upon  the 

recister  in  front  of  store-room  upon  startinc  and  stopping  work. 
Failur,e;a to'  so  will  result  in  loss  of  time  to  you. 



1902.  Automobile  (D-02-01) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  design  and 
operation  of  automobiles  and  the  use  of  storage  batteries  in  electric  vehicles.  Included  are  letters 
from  Levi  C.  Weir  of  the  Adams  Express  Co.  regarding  the  use  of  Edison  batteries  in  delivery  trucks 
and  the  construction  of  automobiles  at  the  West  Orange  laboratory. 

1902.  Battery  -  Primary  (D-02-02) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  primary  batteries 
produced  by  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Most  of  the  items  are  letters  from  William  S.  Logue,  sales 
agent,  to  William  E.  Gilmore,  vice  president  and  general  manager.  They  concern  the  use  and 
potential  sales  of  the  batteries,  the  widespread  practice  of  giving  sales  rebates  and  providing  gifts 
to  purchasing  agents,  and  the  activities  of  competitors  in  the  field. 

1902.  Battery  -  Storage  -  General  (D-02-03) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  commercial  and 
technical  development  of  Edison’s  alkaline  storage  battery.  Included  are  letters  concerning  the 
financial  support  and  the  prospects  of  Edison's  battery  work,  as  well  as  the  probable  use  and 
advantages  of  the  alkaline  storage  battery.  Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-02-23  (Mining  - 
General)  and  D-02-25  (Mining  -  Mines  and  Ores). 

1902.  Battery  -  Storage  -  Foreign  (D-02-04) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  patenting, 
manufacture,  and  sale  of  Edison  storage  batteries  in  Europe.  Most  of  the  correspondence  is  by  or 
addressed  to  the  following  individuals:  Robert  Rafn,  who  assisted  attorneys  working  to  obtain  patents 
in  continental  Europe;  Herman  E.  Dick,  who  was  authorized  by  Edison  to  exploit  the  battery 
commercially  throughout  Europe;  Willis  N.  Stewart,  who  was  involved  briefly  with  the  exploitation  of 
the  competing  Jungner  patents;  and  Sigmund  Bergmann,  who  began  to  manufacture  Edison  storage 
batteries  at  his  factory  in  Berlin. 

1902.  Dick,  Herman  E.  (D-02-05)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  the  personal  finances 
and  travel  of  Herman  E.  Dick,  son  of  the  former  Edison  associate,  A.  B.  Dick.  Herman  E.  Dick  was 
involved  with,  among  other  matters,  the  commercial  exploitation  of  patent  rights  for  Edison's  storage 
battery  in  Europe.  One  item  concerns  a  British  patent  obtained  jointly  by  Dick  and  by  Willis  N. 
Stewart  for  improvements  in  electric  railways. 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  General  (D-02-06) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  a  variety  of  subjects. 
Included  are  documents  that  deal  with  more  than  one  subject  or  that  do  not  fall  under  the  main 
subject  categories  in  the  Document  File.  Among  the  items  for  1902  are  letters  from  longtime  Edison 
associates,  Milton  F.  Adams,  Sigmund  Bergmann,  Alexander  Elliott,  Jr.,  William  J.  Hammer,  and  J. 
Lewis  Young,  as  well  as  correspondence  regarding  the  Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Co.,  Ltd.,  and  items 
pertaining  to  a  visit  by  Lord  Kelvin. 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Articles  (D-02-07) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  requesting  Edison  to  write  articles  and  letters  from 
journalists  seeking  to  interview  him.  Included  are  letters  from  Samuel  Insull  and  from  John  Paul 
Bocock  of  the  North  American  Review. 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Book  and  Journal  Orders 
(D-02-08)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  routine  documents  relating  to  the  ordering  of 
books  and  journals. 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Clubs  and  Societies  (D-02-09) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  Edison's  membership 
and  activities  in  social  clubs  and  professional  societies.  Some  of  the  items  bear  perfunctory  Edison 
marginalia,  often  stating  that  he  is  too  busy  or  is  not  feeling  well  enough  to  attend  social  functions. 
Others,  such  as  a  banquet  invitation  from  the  Committee  for  the  Entertainment  of  President 
Roosevelt,  contain  the  notation,  "no  ans." 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Employment  (D-02-10)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  from  or  about  employees  and  prospective  employees. 
There  are  also  letters  soliciting  Edison's  opinion  regarding  former  employees  seeking  positions 
elsewhere.  Most  of  the  correspondence  relates  to  employment  requests  for  the  West  Orange 
laboratory.  Some  of  the  letters  contain  notations  by  Edison  stating  "I  am  full  at  present"  and  "no 
position  open  just  now." 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Family  (D-02-11) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  by  and  about  Edison's  family. 
Included  are  numerous  letters  concerning  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Jr.,  his  relationship  with  his  father,  and 
his  attempt  to  sell  the  right  to  use  his  name.  Also  included  are  items  pertaining  to  William  Leslie 
Edison,  Mina  Miller  Edison,  and  John  V.  Miller. 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Financial  (D-02-12)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  Edison's 
personal  investments  and  other  financial  interests.  Included  are  items  pertaining  to  Edison's 
promissory  notes  and  accounts,  as  well  as  routine  letters  from  J.P.  Morgan  &  Co.  concerning 
payment  of  the  monthly  stipend  provided  by  Edison  to  his  daughter,  Marion  Edison  Oeser. 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Name  Use  (D-02-13) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to  the  use  of  Edison's 
name,  whether  authorized  or  unauthorized,  for  advertising,  trademark,  or  other  purposes.  Related 
documents  can  be  found  in  the  Legal  Department  Records.  Items  concerning  the  use  of  the  name 
"Thomas  A.  Edison,  Jr."  can  be  found  in  D-02-11  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Family). 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  - 
Advice  (D-02-14)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  suggesting  improvements  in  Edison's  inventions, 
asking  him  for  advice  on  technical  matters,  or  requesting  his  assistance  in  improving  or  promoting 
inventions.  Also  included  are  unsolicited  letters  from  inventors  about  their  work.  No  record  of  a 
significant  response  by  Edison  has  been  found  for  any  of  these  items. 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  - 
Autograph  and  Photograph  Requests  (D-02-15)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  requesting  Edison's  autograph  or  asking  for  his 
photograph.  Included  is  an  autograph  request  letter  from  Kermit  Roosevelt,  son  of  Theodore 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  - 
Business  (D-02-16)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  routine  correspondence  from  individuals  requesting  agencies  for 
Edison's  inventions  or  seeking  to  do  business  with  Edison. 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  - 
Foreign  Language  (D-02-17)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  untranslated  letters  to  Edison.  Unsolicited  foreign-language  documents 
accompanied  by  translations  or  English-language  summaries  can  be  found  in  other  "Edison,  T.A.  - 
Unsolicited  Correspondence"  folders. 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Unsolicited  Correspondence  - 
Personal  (D-02-18)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  routine  personal  requests,  fan  mail,  and  other  items  for  which  no  record 
of  a  significant  response  by  Edison  has  been  found.  Included  are  letters  asking  Edison  for 
educational  advice,  personal  information,  charitable  contributions,  exhibits  of  his  inventions,  and 
other  favors. 

1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Visitors  (D-02-19)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  routine  letters  of  introduction  and  routine  requests  to  visit  Edison  or  tour 
his  West  Orange  laboratory.  Substantive  letters  from  individuals  who  visited  the  laboratory  or 
company  shops  on  business  can  be  found  in  the  appropriate  subject  folders. 

1902.  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  (D-02-20) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Included  is  a  notice  of  a  $78,718.50  dividend  paid  to  Edison,  as  well  as 
numerous  routine  letters  pertaining  to  the  renewal  of  notes  and  to  royalties  owed  by  Western  Union 
Telegraph  Co.  and  other  concerns  for  use  of  phonoplex  circuits.  Most  of  the  letters  are  addressed 
to  Edison,  president  of  the  company,  or  to  William  E.  Gilmore,  vice  president  and  general  manager. 
Other  items  in  the  Document  File  relating  to  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  can  be  found  in  D-02-02 
(Battery  -  Primary)  and  in  D-02-26  (Motion  Pictures). 

1902.  Electric  Light  -  General  (D-02-21) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  electric  lighting  and 
power.  Included  are  items  attesting  to  Edison's  continued  relations  with  the  General  Electric  Co., 
as  well  as  items  pertaining  to  patent  assignments. 

1902.  Fort  Myers  (D-02-22) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  Edison's  home  and 
property  at  Fort  Myers,  Florida.  Included  are  letters  and  bills  concerning  the  construction  of  a  dock 
and  proposed  changes  to  the  house. 

1902.  Mining  -  General  (D-02-23) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  mining  and  ore 
milling.  Included  are  two  letters  from  the  Ingersoll-Sergeant  Drill  Co.  and  a  letter  discussing  both 
the  dry  placer  process  for  gold  separation  and  operations  at  the  Dunderiand  plant  of  the  Edison 
Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd. 

1902.  Mining  -  Dry  Placer  Process  (D-02-24) 

This  folder  contains  inquiries  regarding  Edison’s  dry  placer  process  for  the  separation  of 
gold  ore.  The  majority  of  these  inquiries  were  made  by  mine  owners  in  response  to  an 
advertisement  Edison  placed  in  the  Denver  Mining  Reporter  and  elsewhere. 

1902.  Mining  -  Mines  and  Ores  (D-02-25) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  mines  and  ores  to 
be  bought,  sold,  worked,  or  tested.  Among  the  items  for  1902  is  correspondence  with  Herman  E. 
Dick  regarding  surveys  for  copper,  nickel,  and  cobalt  ore. 

1902.  Motion  Pictures  (D-02-26) 

This  folder  contains'correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  production  and 
commercial  development  of  motion  picture  films.  Included  are  items  pertaining  to  patent  litigation 
among  competitors,  such  as  Sigmund  Lubin,  the  American  Mutoscope  &  Biograph  Co.,  and  the 
Armat  Motion  Picture  Co.  Among  the  correspondents  are  William  E.  Gilmore,  vice  president  and 
general  manager  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.;  James  H.  White,  manager  of  the  Film 
Department;  Richard  N.  Dyer  and  other  members  of  the  law  firm  of  Dyer,  Edmonds  &  Dyer  and 
attorney  Howard  W.  Hayes. 

1902.  Patents  (D-02-27) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  foreign  and  domestic 
patent  applications,  patent  litigation,  and  other  patent  matters.  Most  of  the  material  consists  of 
correspondence  between  Edison,  the  law  firm  of  Dyer,  Edmonds  &  Dyer,  and  Robert  Rafn 
concerning  storage  battery  patents  in  Europe.  Also  included  are  items  regarding  phonographs, 
motion  pictures,  and  other  matters.  At  the  end  of  the  folder  is  an  undated  document  in  Edison's 
hand  pertaining  to  electric  meter  patents. 

1902.  Phonograph  -  General  (D-02-28) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  technical  and 
commercial  development  of  phonographs.  Included  are  items  pertaining  to  the  original  stockholders 
of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works,  phonograph  sales  in  Europe,  and  Edison's  process  for  molding 
and  duplicating  phonograph  records.  Also  included  is  a  letter  regarding  the  suit  brought  against 
Edison  by  the  New  York  Phonograph  Co. 

1902.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Works 
(D-02-29)  [not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  Phonograph  Works.  Included  are  two  letters  from  Samuel  Insull  regarding  the  renewal  and 
discounting  of  notes,  as  well  as  announcements  of  directors'  meetings  and  routine  items  concerning 

1902.  Phonograph  -  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of  the 
Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.  and  other  companies  organized  to  exploit  the  Edison  phonograph 
in  countries  other  than  the  United  States  and  Canada.  Included  are  documents  concerning  the 
termination  of  the  business  of  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.,  account  statements,  and  personal 
items  to  and  from  Stephen  F.  Moriarty.  Only  the  material  pertaining  to  the  dissolution  of  the  company 
has  been  selected. 

1902.  Radio  (D-02-31) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  technical  and 
commercial  development  of  wireless  telegraphy  or  radio.  Included  are  items  pertaining  to 
agreements  negotiated  with  the  Marconi  Wireless  Telegraph  Co.  of  America  concerning  Edison's 
patents  and  his  position  as  technical  advisor  to  the  company.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  Edison's 
longtime  associate,  William  J.  Hammer,  and  by  Eugene  H.  Lewis  of  the  law  firm  of  Eaton  &  Lewis. 

1902.  West  Orange  Laboratory  (D-02-32) 

This  folder  contains  memoranda,  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
operation  of  the  West  Orange  laboratory.  Included  are  lists  made  by  Edison  of  chemicals  to  be 
obtained;  correspondence  pertaining  to  insurance,  public  utilities,  and  dynamos  for  the  lab;  and 
orders  directed  to  the  laboratory  storekeeper. 

1902.  Automobile  (D-02-01) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
design  and  operation  of  automobiles  and  the  use  of  storage  batteries  in  electric 
vehicles.  Included  are  letters  from  Levi  C.  Weir  of  the  Adams  Express  Co. 
regarding  the  use  of  Edison  batteries  in  delivery  trucks  and  the  construction  of 
automobiles  at  the  West  Orange  laboratory. 

Approximately  1 0  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  Most  of 
the  items  not  selected  are  letters  concerning  the  delivery  of  parts,  batteries, 
and  electric  motors  to  be  tested  in  automobiles. 

-  •'•••  .i  Ji 

your  fishing  trip,  have  had  your  usual  success,  and  con¬ 
sumed  enough  fish  to  manufacture  a  quantity  of  gray 
matter  that  will  last  you  until  next  fishing  time  comes 
around . 

I  have  staring  me  in  the  face  the  expectation 
of  very  soon  having  to  arrange  for  twenty  or  twenty-five 
electric  automobiles  for  light  Express  service,  and  I 
am  wondering  if  you  are  far  enough  along  in  your  ex¬ 
periments  to  be  helpful.  As  the  fishermen  say, -"drop 
me  a  line." 

Since  we  met,  "Bob"  Clowry  has  come  to  the 
top.  I  have  not  seen  him  yet,  but  am  very  soon  going  to 
call  and  condole  with  him  on  the  hard  work  his  job  will 
furnish  him  for  at  least  two  or  three  years  before  he 

gets  that  old  fogy  concern  rejuvenated  and  some  young 
life  put  in  it. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

12  ,a02 

West  Orange, 

N.  J. 

-  Cc^dt 

^  Live 

/  U..  kfLlvJ .  I, 

v-  Orvu.-  flttxwS 

OJCoa.  cUwo  »  fcv-vtT  f<g^-  &'V\e>  C-dLei.,1 
&tf<rujrij  Ux<( 


fv^lo  »  1*3>  f  2. 

^»/eY-%,  S^co^tT 
jh  Wr^*  _  - 

o(  yfcVLrvtUg. 4 

-r  $  ,  -  - 

tv.  h~^ 

|  ef*  uJfT 

(  %  ""  Mrf  A**-*! 

_  _ _ _ 

o .L^vf-ksXT  ourh^rAt  v-»7^  wi^S.Ct 


w/nd  <C)a7'wej/j  (Gtr/n/ia^'/y 

'/  £&&> Uitknii 


m;/  April  22nd,  1902. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J", 

My  dear  Edison: 

Thanks  for  yours  of  the  17th.  Perhaps 
next  year  I  will  put  my  dress  suit  in  pawn  and  try  the 
other  side  of  the  Gulf.  I  saw  Clowry  Sunday.  He  is 
very  enthusiastic,  and  has  commenced  turning  things  upside 
down.  Chandler  was  in  here  a  day  or  two  ago  to  say  that 
he  was  very  much  improved  and  was  going  to  his  farm  in 
Vermont  to  do  some  heavy  loafing. 

I  told  you  in  a  previous  letter  that  I  was 
up  against  the  automobile  question  hard  and  strong,  and 
if  your  batteries  are  a  success,  nothing  will  give  me 
greater  pleasure  than  to  exploit  them,  but  I  shall  have  to 
reach  a  conclusion  very  soon;  hence,  i  hope  you  will  not 
forget  to  tell  me  of  your  progress.  In  the  meantime,  as 
we  are  very  soon  to  have  a  meeting  of  our  Board,  won't  you 

tell  me  as  briefly  as  you  care  to  just  in  what  your  battery 
will  be  superior  to  those  now  in  use . 

Yours  faithfully, 

TMr%,'VU..«f  <&*+&. ^t*&*Jk*  COjiCfc**: 

CX.  .^*0  '&€k*$  U>  *£>&  9  ©e'Cu<£.  tkfc- 

fdp^  (<■  C&G****  <4x  V^^-  *  u<i  t"C£ 

in  1  ^ 

\ai.O  V*\t  1-0  e>~P 

■  >.;  ...  !  .  .  ✓ . .;  *  t 


4*  jkX*  ^  ki...u^A-A 

Lr  <*  ^ 


,  a  tear  1*1^*^ 

.,  EiS'c. w  hr  •.-tvun^y 

wJ.jL,  ,  oi~  gy  «r  bU  K<rf  cU,\| 

is^d-ucf  'xhoy  Wrlv:  ni  tfaut  od*  otoo  ucn: 

oxf's^^if^rf^a^ioin  II a d 

}-j^X~  Ik*-^  <w  o-S«/  littwtwfeaoi^  Oi^Afcrf^uo^W^tliw 

<stzzt  L0^  °Cvo  C^ 

o$,  <*-£> 

\  7 


Mr.  Edison  Bays  he  will  make  an 
automobile  that  will  go  so  fast  it 
will  take  a  man’s  breath  away. 
This  -will  bo  a  godsend  to  a  man 
coming  home  at  2  a.  m.  when  his 
wife  is  expected  to  meet  him  at 
the  doqr. _ . 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Girard  Trust  $uilding 

Philadelphia  July  25,  1902 

JUL  26  1902 

Mr.  W.  S.  Mallory,  V.  P., 

Orange,  New  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir  : 

The  enclosed  clipping  is  frdra  the  "Philadelphia  Press" 
of  to-day.  We  hardly  understand  who'is  the  author  of  these  remarks  ; 
the  papers  frequently  contain  them.  To  what  incident  does  this 
article  refer  ? 


J.  r.  RANDOLPH, 

4,  , 

^TtlbMAS  A.  EOISON, 

,  PRtSIDWr'. 

>  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 




V.r .  J.  H.  Hill. 

Hew  Sir:  — 

We  will  require  6teel  plate  to  be  bent  into  angles  or 
channels  and  used  in  the  construction  of  automobiles.  Some  saving 
of  weight  can  be  effected  if  we  can  obtain  steel  of  high  tensile 
strength,  which  will  stand  bending  and  cutting  without  injury  to 
its  physical  properties. 

Will  you  Icindly  see  what  can  be  obtained  on  the  market? 

She  ordinary  steel  plate  on  the  market  has  a  tensile 
strength  of  60,000  lbs.  per  sq.  in.  and  an  elastic  limit  of  not 
less  than  30,000  lbs.  per  sq.  in.  Some  of  the  special  steels 
have  an  ultimate  tensile  strength  from  100,000  to  200,000  lbs.  per 
sq.  in. 

Is  it  possible  to  get  any  of  these  steels  in  the  fora  of 
plate?  If  so,  how  great  a  tensile  strength  may  be  courted  on, 
and  what  is  the  elastic  limit,  the  elongation  at  rupture,  and  the 
Ultimate  shearing  strength?  How  is  the  plate  affected  by 
shearing  and  by  bending? 

The  quantity  needed  for  three  automobiles  to  be  built 
at  the  Edison  Laboratory  is  approximately  as  follows: 
l/4 "  plate  '  6  pieces  12'-6"  long  l"-0"  broad 


O'  -7' 




Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 



1/8"  plate  6  pieces  7' -4"  long  O'-ll"  broad 
8  "  5 ' -0 "  "  O' -10"  « 

Yours  truly, 

1902.  Battery  -  Primary  (D-02-02) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
primary  batteries  produced  by  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Most  of  the  items 
are  letters  from  William  S.  Logue,  sales  agent,  to  William  E.  Gilmore,  vice 
president  and  general  manager.  They  concern  the  use  and  potential  sales  of 
the  batteries,  the  widespread  practice  of  giving  sales  rebates  and  providing 
gifts  to  purchasing  agents,  and  the  activities  of  competitors  in  the  field. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
items  not  selected  consist  of  correspondence  regarding  sales  expenses  and 
other  routine  marketing  matters. 





CHICAGO,  ILL.,  peb.  8,  1908. 


Mr.  W.  E,  Gilmore, 

Vice  Pfes,  &  Gen.  Mgr., 

Edison  Mfg.  Co.,  Orange,  N.  J, 

Dear  Sir: 

Replying  to  your  letter  of  the  5th  inBt.  with  reference  to 
the  expenditure  Of  additional  money  and  a  certain  case  that  I 
referred  to  in  my  letter  of  the  3rd  inst. ,  it  was  not  my  intention 
to  try  to  <jlo  what  was  done  in  the  recent  case  you  refer  to.  I 
Was  given  a  tip  that  the  party  who  would  have  the  final  handling  of 
the  papers  was  open  to  fconViction.  X  thought  that  $50.00  or  $100fr00 
would  fix  the  matter  up  for  this  time,  and  hereafter;  in  other  words, 
fix  it  so  that  dll  of  the  papers  would  go  to  us  hereafter.  Of  course, 
it  would  not  he  expended  until  we  got  the  first  big  papers.  Another 
way  J  thought  of  fixing  it  was,  to  buy  a  phonograph  and  a  few  records 

and  loan  it  td  the  gentleman.  I  presumed  that  the  above  would  meet 
with  your  approval. 

Referring  to  your  letter*  in  reference  to  Mr,  Sedgwick,  Mr. 
Gladstone  Willed  me  and  also  wrote  me  in  reference  to  the  matter. 

The  request  for  votes  hfts  not  yet  been  sent  out,  but  I  am  in 
a  position  to  handle  them  sati  sfactorily, 

I  have  not  done  anything  in  reference  to  the  Railroad  Supply 
Co.  matter  that  you  wrote  me  about,  because  Mr.  Dolbeer  wrote  me 
that  it  was  all  right.  Dp  you  desire  me  to  take  any  further  action 
in  the  matter.  Kindly  advise  me. 

Mr.  W.  E.  Gilmore,  Vice 

*44  ^/.asA.  jj^iJ£cir22rid7T-9-02 .  • 

i*H€C tiV LO  | 



IAR  2  4  1902 


Prest  &  Gen  Mgr. 

Orange.  IT.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  end o8e  copy  of  letter  written  to  Mr.  Gladstone  in  reference 
to  the  Chicago  battery  deal.  You  will  see  that  the  Central  Electric  Co. 
was  awarded  the  order  at  $1.95.  per  cell.  We  ofcourse  could  not  meet.thi 
You  authorized  me  to  pay  out  not  more  than  $150.  00.  in  my  effort  to 
fix  this  matter  up,  I  expended  $25.  only.  I  did  not  think  much  of  what 
the  Purchasing  Agents  Dept  was  giving  me,  in  reference  to  the  matter  and 
went  slow.  I  am  inclined  to  think  that  Mr  Gillingham  of  the  Hall  Co.  fjtam 
"  very  close”  to  the  Chief  Clerk,  and  that  G  hears  everything  that  is 

The  Signal  Club  meet  here  on  Tuesday  the  11th,  attendance  was  large, 
in  entertaining  the  gang  I  paid  out  about  $$x  $40.00. 

The  Maintenance  Of  Way  Assn,  this  is  the  Chief  Engrs  and  Assts,  held 
thier  Annual  meeting  at  the  Auditorium  on  the  18th,  19th  and  2oth,  the 
advance  guard  arrived  on  Sunday  the  16th  and  did  not  leave  until  late 
last  night,  making  nearly  a  week  that  that  Supply  men  had  to  look  after 
them,  the  outlay  for  this  cost  $  110.  00. 

You  will  remember  that  last  year  the  outlay  was  considerably  heavier  . 

lonicctyo.  tjrw. 
*44  tyPadad/t'  xJ&te. 

Type  ‘  O" Cell, 


as  suggested  by  you  I  waB  more  careful  this  year  and  kept  the  expenditure 
down  as  much  as  I  could. 

I  trd&t  that  my  action  in  the  three  cases  v/ill  meet  with  your  apppovajL • 
The  result  will  amount  to  about  about  4411  SS  cells  of  battery  if  all 
of  the  work  is  put  in  as  the  Chief  Engrs  and  Signal  expect.  ,  &}.bo  about 
500  more  that  is  more  than  likely  to  come  our  way,  and  another  cape 
that  depends  cm  whether  the  R.  R.  Co.  decide  to  use  thB  new  itillar  Signal 
on  which  the  Dry  battery  is  used  or  not.  If  any  other  Signal  is  used  We 
will  &et  the  order.  Humber  of  cells  not  known  as  yet# 

Yours  very  truly. 


21,  1902. 

*fr,  'r.  7<*.  Gladstone,  Manager  Pales, 
Edir.on  "'anuf  act ’..ring  Co. 

Vov  York  City. 

Referring  again  to  the  Chicago  &  business.  I  an  info  mod 
by  Mr.  Gillingham  that  the  Chicago  &  Alton  people  told  him  that  ■‘ho 
Central  Electric  Company  had  made  a  hid  of  ftl. 90,  per-  cell,  porcelain 
jars,  and  succeeded  in  petting  the  order.  The  crder  y/as  offered  to  'Sr, 
Gillingham  at  this  figure  hut  ho  declined  to  accept  it. 

The  young  man  in  tho  Alton  office  and  who  was  with  the  Central 
"Electric  Company  before  he  went  there  seems, well  acquainted  with  the 
sliding  Beale  "business.  He  figured  out  if  the  Central  Electric  Cqljlpany 
purchased  $5000. 00  worth  of  batteries  in  six  monthB  they  could  get  '!'% 
rebate,  this  with  35  X/z  and  5  would  make  the  battery  cost  the  Central 
"Electric  Company  about  $1.94.  I  presume  they  expect  to  make  their  profit 
on  the  balance  of  the  cells  they  sell,  providing  they  get  the  rebate, 

’"r.  franklin  of  the  Western  Electric  Co^jariy  told  me  that  he 
was  going  to  take  it  up  with  the  committee  and  see  how  any  one  could  quote 
a  better  price  than  33  l/3,  and  especially  the  Hall  Company,  as  I  wrote 
you.  I  do  not  think  he  knows  the  exact  bid  of  the  Hall  people  but  I  am 


ReferriW&gain  to  the  battery  situation  in'  the  West.  As 
you  know,  we  oome  pi'etty  near  supplying  all  the  railroads  in  the  West. 
ll  ?[!V^r78r'  a?d  ^  5een  for  S0Dle  time,  being  pressed  pretty  hard 
?  n  People.  So  far  we  have  not  put  up  anything  for  the  busi¬ 
ness.  We  have  been  able  to  carry  everything  rigit  along  on  popularity, 
but  you  know  as  well  as  I  do  that, when  people  are  offered  money  in  the 
way  of  commissions  by  one  company,  the  employes  of  the  popular  company 

+£Very  P°5ular  indee<i  to  he  able  to  hold  the  trade.  I  know 
?ly  that  some  of  our  big  customers  have  been  offered  a  very  good 
commission  if  they  would  only  try  the  other  make  of  batteries,  and  it  has 
n«+ry  e^0rt  t^at  l  oould  exert  t0  keeP  tiLe  trial  batteries  from 
the  r°ad.  In  several  cases  they  succeeded  in  getting  the 
trial  battery  on,  but  so  far  the  opposition  has  failed  to  get  any  large 
are8^P«iviS  &  Weli  k?own  £act  that  a  8reat  many  of  the  railroad  people 
are  receiving  commissions  from  nearly,  if  not  all,  of  the  supply  dealers 
5*  h?S  not  been  1<JPg  sinoe'we  came  pretty^ear 
losing  a  good  sized  order  because  there  was  "nothing  in  it".  I  trust  that 
™?^„See  S°Ur  Wa?  clear  t0  aH°w  me  to  quote  a  comLsioA  on  cells 
complete,  and  an  extremeiy  small,  one  on  renewals.  To  be  candid  with  you  ‘ 
necessary  for  some  arrangement  like  this  to  be  made. 

Tf^T  yan^  m®  t0  reP°rt  that  I  co.uld  not  handle  the  business. 

cLh  l  have  wH  t^y^e+5eCT?  *  Was  not  Johnny-on-the-spot  with  the 
casn.  i  have  written  pretty  plainly  so  you  will  understand  in  case  of 

occasironstsoliotfW^,t  nentirely  to  any  fault  of  mine.’  On  several 
them  ill the  rai lroad  people  have  met  me  and  asked  me  to  loan 

■£»  wo  .o’^ss^u1.”  s,tsrx>;sss‘^. 

=s*“^**s sASsr  ' 

I  have  loaned  $20  and  $25,  which  I  have  let  go.  In  cases  t 

If11®  y°U  “  would ’probably  take  a  Wefk  to  geH  reig  f  iom  ^of 



W.K.  Gilmore 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company 



Sheet  No. 

about  it.  To  be  candid  with  you,  I  cannot  afford  to  lose  this 
much  money,  in  this  way. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Western  Manager 


Mr.  W.  E.  Gilmbre, 

Vice  President,  Orange,  N.  J. 

Pear  Sir: 

Replying  to  your  personal-letter  of  the  29  th  inat.  in  reference 
to  the  railroad. people,  I  wrote  you  yesterday  fully  in  reference  to 
the  matter,  I  note  that  you  say  when  oases  come  up,  you  (myself)  are  to 
forward  receipts,  notes  or  anything. else  that  you  hare  that  you  ip ow  ar® 
no  good.  I  presume  that  you  know  .it  iB  impossible  for  me  to  get  any' 
kind  of  a  receipt  or  note  in  any  deal  like  this.  It  iB  one  of  the 
cases  where  no  one  would  sign  any  kind  of  a  papef.  You  fully  understand 
the  condition  of  things  and  if'  I  should  ask  any*  ope  to  sign  a  paper  of 
course  they  would  not  do  it.  In  a  case  of  this  kind  1  simply  make  a 
memorandum  and  charge  the  money  against  my  Self ,  with  notation,  sol 
will  know  where  it  iB  gone.  X  explained  to  ydp  when  I  was  in  Orange 
what  become  of  the  *75.  There  are  one  or  two  Other  items  I 
mentionfc'amounting,  I  think,  to  about  #40  or  #50  which  are  sbme  three  or 
four  months  old.  As  X  hare  no  proof  that  I  did  this  I  suppose  I  will 
hare  to  let  it  go. 

I  think  if  you  will  adopt  the. plan  suggested  in. my  personal 
letter  of  yesterday,  that  is  allow  some  little  commission,  it  would  he 
better  all  around.  .. 

Your  letter  in  reference  to  the  Chicago  &  Northwestern  signal 
station  received.  J  will  be  able  to  write  you  fully  in  reference  to  ' 
this  matter  to-morrow,  hut. I -am  under  the  impression  that  I  wrote  you 
before  that  gravity  battery  was  to  be’  used.  This  thing  haB  beOn  pending 
for  some  iittlewhiie.  I  expect  to  see  Gillingham  to-day  Bbjnetime  and 
Wi+b  the  matter  oyer  wlth  him;  ;  will  aims  discus*  the  new  arrangement 


AUG  G  1902 

vANS . 

ffi/itcerysi,  Jk 
\f  C/K/aj/,- 

JVice/\Pi\esi/ent,  Edison  Mfg.  Co.,  Orange,  N.J. 

.  Dear  s(ir {  V)  T 

D  met/your  nephew  on  Friday  afternoon.  We  discussed  the 
Chicago  &  No»th  Western  signal  situation  thoroughly.  As  I  wrote  you, 
this  road  haA  never  used  anything  hut  the  Banjo  Signal,  and  in  all  cases, 
gravity  batfeiry/ 

I  have  for  three  or  four  years  been  trying  to  get  the  Signal  Engi¬ 
neer  to  use  our  battery  on  the  signals,  but  never  met  with  success.  We 
did  succeed  in  getting  our  battery  on  all  of  the  crossing  bells.  Another 
effort  will  be  made,  and  if  necessary,  I  will  give  them  enough  of  the 
battery  to  equip  one  or  two  signals,  as  a  trial. 

One  of  the  things  that  we  have  to  contend  with  in  getting  the 
battery  in,  on  a  new  Banjo  installation,  is  this;  when  a  road  receives  an 
estimate  for  new  installation,  a  comparison  of  the  cost  per  mile  is  made 
with  the  previous  installation,  which  in  all  previous  caBBB  has  been 
with  gravity  battery.  The  Signal  Co.  object  to  an  increase  in  their 
estimate,  which  would  be  the' case  if  our  battery  was  substituted  for  the 
gravity.  Mr.  Gillingham  will  not  do  the  substituting.  The  request  for 
the  Edison  battery  must  come  from  the  Railroad.  Notwithstanding  that 
Mr.  Gillingham  plays  the  role  of  being  such  a  good  friend  of  ourB,  he 
will  not  do  any  pushing  for  us,  in  cases  of  this  kind. 

From  certain  reliable  information  I  have ’received,  the  adoption  of 
the  Edison  battery  for  line  work,  on  the  new  gas  signals  on  the  Illinois 
Central,  is  not  in  any  way  due  to  Mr.  Gillingham,  as  he  claims  to  me, 
but  to  our  friend  on  the  Railroad,  the  one  I  wrote  you  personally  about 
a  few  days  ago.  The  first  estimate  read,  Gravity  battery.  The  Railroad 
then  insisted  that  two  estimates  be  put  in,  the  second  reading  Edison  ' 
battery.  Mr.  Gillingham  did  not,  I  understand,  object  to  the  Edison 
battery  when  the  final  conference  was  held  as  to  what  should  be  used. 

It  is  the  same  as  before;  we  will  have  to  lock  to  the  Railroad  men, 
on  the  I lllnole  Central,  the  Chioago  &  North  Western,  and  other  roads. 

Yours  very  truly 

Western  Manager 

?•  svss/ii  *s.*Si,s."tLhuS r 

explain  tne  matter  fully  to  you  when  you  come  to  Chicao-o 

Se^tSSLras'tS-sr' bu* 1  think *>« «ifIu1r»Ji.“LT 


sva/ss:  r  «4=^s  £■ 

ssss  stsa*AiT.a.?^‘S!  ni4  i“a”Vie  ?■»  or 


titled  to  $500  anyway  for  what  he  has  done  for  us. 

Mr.  W.  E.  Gilmore, 

Vice  Prest.  &  Genl.  Manager,  Orange,  N.J. 
Dear  Sir : 

„  „  Mr.  C.  Dunham,  Signal  Engineer  of  the  Illinois  Central  " 

R.R. ,  came  down  town  with  me  today  and  in  addition  to  the  talk  that  we 
had  on  our  way  down,  picked  out  a  cabinet  which  we  list  at  $12  and  asked 
me  to  have  it  sent  up -to  his  house.  Of  course  I  did,  Express  charges 
prepaid.  I  then  took  him  out  to  lunch,  bought  him  a  drink  and  he  left  me 
feeling  very  friendly  towards  the  Edison  Mfg.  Co. 

_ a  fe*  days  als0  Put  through  a  requisition  for  one  Home 

phonograph,  30  horn,  horn  crane  and  two  dozen  records  and  one  28  peg  box 
for  Mr.  H.  L.  Hollister  of  the  Illinois  Central  R.R. ,  marking  it 
Charge  Edison  Mfg  Co  see  Mr.  Gilmore."  Will  you  kindly  approve  the 

same  when  it  reaches  you.  •  ^ 

Wr.  W.  tb.  Gilmore  ,  \MS. ./ Vl  jSl  / 

Dear  sir.?6  PrSSt*  &  G®?1' ,  Manager ,  Orange,  H.  J. 

aisrl'f  «&r 

&^ssLvV ^ * 

the  Signal  Engineer  of  the  lake  Shore  R  R  has  been  looking  into  the 

thetHllll3Sl^nn?8r'an^+While  in*the  East  hs  was  P®r8.ukded  by*Mr.  Wilson  of 
the  Hall  Signal  Co.  to  use  Potash  battery.  The  Chief  Engineer  of  the  TaVo 
Shore  R  R  will  not  permit  Mr.  .Wileman  to  increase  the  amount  of  money 
SSS4  *“  the  contract.  Mr.  Wileman  informed  Mr.  Wilao^fthi;  ^acfand 
told  him  that  gravity  battery  was  charged  for  at  $1  per  cell  Mr 
IiBe°+nChi™ed  vr‘  ®anJ£s  °f  th®  Gordon  Battery  Co.  and  stated  the 
J  offered  Mr.  Wileman -a  Gordon  battery  at  $1 

°!3he  +Mri  Wdle““|  called  here  today  and  informed  me  of  this  fact 
if dhe^ouid t?«?T10W  vSlat.w5  woul£  d0  ln  matter.  I  asked  Mr.  Wil^Li 
iiv«  h?m  thT.1*?-1  Whfi  ty?re  of  t>atte ry  the  Gordon  people  proposed  to 
na?t  o-f^+hB  x,He  said  that  119  did  not  know  and  that  that 

hadnot  been  discussed.  I  informed  him  that  we  oould 

I  JlIoTold  him  that^  ^  h8P  +  Untii  We  *new  what  we  ^  to  compete  with. 
inBBihiv.  orrBvi?  P18*1  did  not  see  how  the  Gordon  Battery  Co.  could 
possibly  afford  to  give  him  one  of  their  300  ampere  hour  cells  at  that 
price,  and  I  was  pretty  sure  that  if  they  didp?oposeto  do  this  tMt 
a^drMrW°Wile^naha  Rinreri  W0°dpil®"  in  orde?  to  even  the  mitte^up, 

thf  ^  PromiB9d  to  ascertain  definitely  what  type  of  battery 

or  my°  vi si ting^C levs land?  ^  to  advise  me  either  ^letter 

There  is  no  doubt  in  the  world  but  what  we  can  get  the  order  T>rovi<Hr„r 
t56  pri°eI  W111®  nothing  definite  canfbe  doLIbout  the  mS® 
bette^tn  ndy?BBWwV?lat  t+?e+°?  Cel1  th8y  pr°P°se  furnishing,  I  thought  it 
you,  y=u°.m?;iiS  uSeJrt^.S^iiLuo™00”*^  ror  ”  *° 

of  getting  more  than  $1  per  cell  out  of. it,  as  the  Signal  Co.  of  course 
any\ionev°°nSent  t0  Tlolation  of  th®  contract  if  its  going  to  cost  them 

To  '  W  T5  G 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company 

Date  ll/24/o2 

Shoot  No. 

-v,  „  A®  soon  aaI  hear  from  Mr.  Wileman  I  will  wire  you.  The  Lai® 

aoc°rdine  to  Mr.  Wileman' s  statement,  contemplates  signeding 
the  whole  road,  eventually.  Whatever  battery  is  put  in  on  the  first  6 
installation  will  likely  go  in  on  the  balance  of  the  road,  and  any  nett 
wilirnn+  fill!  made'  a  Potash  battery  will  be  named  and  the  $1  per  cell 
will  not  apply  to  any  new  installations  after  the  first. 

Mr.  W.  TS.  Gilmore,  .  ' 

Vice  Prest.  &  General  Manager.  Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  to  my  letter  of  a  fewdays  ago  in  regard  to  the 
Lake  Shore  signal  installation.  Mr.  Wileman  writeB  me  as  follows: 

"The  battery  which  the  Gordon  people  would  supply  in  the  case  I  mentioned 
to  you  would  he  the  No.  1,  6x8,  BankB  type,  with  porcelain  Jars, 

rated  for  300  ampere  hours;  from  10  to  12  cells  to  each  signal.  The 
work  will  he  about  1/10  ampere.  The  resistance  of  the  coil  is  75  ohms 
and  the  indicator  circuit  is  put  at  300  ohms  .  I  will  he  in  the  city 
and  call  on  you  early  next  week." 

This  means  that  we  will  have  to  furnish  the  RR' cell  at  the  price 
mentioned  $1.00,  in  order  to  get  the  order.  Mr.  Wileman  told  me  when  he 
was  here  that  he  would  expect  us  to  give  them  the  same  size  cell  asthe 
Gordon  people  would  put  in.  As  Mr.  Wileman  will  he  here  the  early 
part  of  next  week,  it  probably  means  before  a  letter  written  on  Monday 
could  reach  me,  and  I  would  suggest  that  you  wire  me  what  action  to  take 
in  the  matter.  If  we  get  the  battery  in  on  the  first  installation,  with 
the  help  of  our  friends  in  Chicago  and  also  from  what  I  know  of  Mr. 

Wileman,  I  do  not  think  the  Gordon  people  will  get  their  battery  on  the 
road-  however ,  they  get  the  battery  on  thefirBt  installation,  I  fear 
we  will  have  hard  work  getting  any  future  orders  from  the  Lake  Shore  road. 
Its  pretty  tough  but  I  think  we  will  have  to  meet  it  if  we  want  the 

As  I  wrote  you,  the  R.  R.  Co.  will  .not  increase  the  cost  of  the 

Jf11?  sienals-  Mr*  Hall  must  have  known  this  faot  when  tifi- 
talked  with  Mr,  Gladstone  in  reference  to  this  installation. 



December  10,  1902. 

V/.  S.  Logue,  3sq. , 

western  Manager,  3d is  on  Hfg.  Co., 

-144  V/abash  Ave.,  Chicago,  Ill. 

near  sir: 

Yovr  letters  of  Nov.  24th  and  29th  regarding  : 

I'AKK  SHORE  INSTALLATION,  caiie  duly  to  hand,  and  the  subject  matter 
of  your  communications  has  been  having  jay  very  serious  consideration, 
with  the  results  that  I  wired  you  this  morning  that  we  would  not 
meet  the  price  of  $1.00  per  cell,  to  offset  the  same  price  made  by 
the  Cordon  people. 

I  do  not  care  to  inaugurate  such  a  precedent  in  the 
signal  business,  or,  in  fact,  in  any  other  business. 

Although  at  first  I  was  inclined  to  wiro  you  to  meet  the 
quotation,  after  talking  it  over  fully  with  Mr.  Cladstone,  I  am 
firmly  convinced  that  we  would  make  a  vej-y  serious  mistake.  In 
fact,  I  would  prefer  to  present  the  cells  rather  than  sell  them  at 
vl.00  each,  but,  as  the  Lake  Shore  Railroad  is  nomewhat  richer  than 
ourselves,  I  do  not  propose  to  do  so. 

Even  though  Cordon  may  obtain  the  initial  order,  it  is 
no  criterion  that  they  will  get  all  future  orders,  and  I  am  almost 
sure  that  when  tiie  next  contract  is  given  out  they  will  not  name  any 
such  price. 

You  say  that  if  the  cost  of  the  battery  is  increased, 
such  increase  will  fall  on  the  signal  company.  I  have  just  re¬ 
turned  from  lunch  with  Messrs.  W.P.  hall  and  Mr.  Sedgwick  of  the 


Hall  Signal  Co.,  and  both  gentlemen  informed  me  that  the  battery 
for  this  installation  is  not  to  bo  furnished  by  the  signal  company, 
but  by  the  railroad  company. 

although  I  am  willing  to  do  "other  things",  I  am  not 
willing  to  offer  ray  goods  for  sale  at  any  such  price  as  this,  and 
Mr.  Gladstone  agrees  with  we  heartily. 

There  are  quite  a  few  tilings  I  would  like  to  talk  to 
you  about,  which  I  cannot  write,  but  this  v/ill  have  to  bo  deferrod 
until  I  see  you.  I'  expected  to  get  out  to  Chicago  before  this, 
but  it  is  doubtful  whether  I  can  get  out  now  until  after  Jan.  1st. 

1  wish  you  would  v/ire  me  on  receipt  of  tills,  as  to  the 
condition  of  the  Rock  Island  matter,  '-/hat  I  mean  by  that  is,  is  it 
so  urgent  that  I  should  go  out  to  Chicago  before  the  holidays?  I 
hope  not.  If  the  matter  is  not  extremely  urgent,  then  you  can 
write  me  fully  instead  of  telegraphing. 

Although  this  letter  is  written  from  the  Hew  York  office, 
you  should  send  your  reply  to  Orange. 

Very  truly  yours, 



Dear  Sir : 

Your  telegram  saying  we  could  not  furnish  HR  cells  for  Lake 
Shore  at  $1  and  that  you  had  written,  reached  me  on  my  return  from 
Omaha  yesterday  morning.  Up  to  the  present  writing  the  letter  has  riot 
yet  reached  me.  I  have  just  telegraphed  you  as  follows:  "Letter 
reference  Lake  Shore  not  received.  Wileman  here  today  insisted  on  positive 
answer.  Told  him  would  furnish  ft  cells  for  dollar.  Telegraph  if  approve. 
Must  write  him  Friday."  W.S.Logue." 

Mr.  Wileman  arrived  in  Chicago  this  morning.  Gillingham  tele¬ 
phoned  me  to  come  up  to  his  office,  which  I  did.  Mr.  Gillingham  said 
everything  in  favor  of  the  Edison  battery  and  everything  against  the 
Gordon.  He  told  Mr.  Wileman  that  while  the  Gordon  people  were  offering 
their  300  ampere  hour  cells  to  him  for  $1,  it  was  just  $1.'40  less  than 
they  could  possibly  sell  to  any  railroad,  and  that  they  certainly  ex¬ 
pected  to  make  up  the  loss  on  the  renewals;  that  at  the  present  time  their 
renewals  were  bad  enough.  In  his  efforts  to  force  Wileman  to  decide  today 
he  told  him  that  it  was  necessary  that  the  signal  company  should  know  what 
battery  would  be  used,  as  soon  as  possible.  Mr.  Gillingham  turned  to  me 
and  wanted  to  know  the  best  battery  we  could  offer  Mr.  Wileman  for  $1.  I 
told  Mr.  Wileman  that  we  could  let  him  have  the  "ft"  or  150  ampere  hour 
cell,  provided  it  was  billed  at  the  regular  railroad  price  and  the 
rebate  accepted* er  the  difference  between  the  $1  and  the  regular  selling 
price  of  the  battery.  Mr.  Wileman  informed  us  that  he  had  not  authority  to 
decide  between  the  Edison  offer  and  the  Gordon  offer  and  that  it  would 
be  necessary  to  refer  the  matter'  to  the  Asst.  Chief  Engineer,  Mr. 

Rockwell  for  his  decision.  Mr.  Gillingham  tried  to  force  Wileman  to  say 
that  in  the  event  of  the  railroad  declining  to  accept  the  ft  cell  at  $1, 
that  he,  Wileman,  would  adopt  the  gravity  battery.  Mr.  Wileman  said  that 
he  was  going  to  let  Mr.  Rockwell  assume  all  responsibility  in  the  matter. 
Both  Mr.  Gillingham  and  myself  said  to  Mr.  Wileman  that  of  course  Mr. 
Rockwell  will  accept  any  recommendations  that  you  may  make  and  be 
governed  accordingly.  Gillingham  added:  "How  v/hat  will  you  do  if  the 
railroad  declines  to  accept  the  Edison  offer?"  "Will  you  take- the 

W  E  G 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company 


^ec  11  1902  ShBfit  NOi  2 

gravity  or  the  Gordon."  Mr.  Wileman  says  "I  am  rather  inclined  to 
recommend  the  gravity  battery  in  place  of  the  Gordon  battery,  in  this 
event."  Both  Mr.  Gillingham  and  myself  pointed  out  the  difference  in  the 
cost  of  renewals  and  how  the  railroad  company  would  come  out  more  than 
square  in  the  deal  by  using  the  Q  cell  over  the  Gordon,  and  in  fact  put 
up  all  the  strong  arguments  we  possibly  could.  Before  separating  Mr. 
Wileman  asked  me  to  please  confirm  my  offer  by  letter  so  he  can  lay  the 
whole  matter  before  Mr.  RdSkwall  on  Saturday  morning. 

I  trust  that  you  will  approve  my  action  in  offering  the  Q 
cell  for  $1.  As  you  know,  there  is  not  a  railroad  in  the  West  using 
the  Gordon  battery  and  we  of  course  do  not  want  them  to  get  a  foothold. 

Yours  very  truly 

Western  Manager 



Please  ctfh&idafr  this  letter  personal.  Mr.  Gillingham 

telephoned  me  to  coiie  after  to  the  office  today.  When  I  went  over  there 
he  read  to  me  a  lette/written  hy  Mr.  Wileman  of  the  lake  Shore  road,  to 
Mr.  Wilson  of  the  Hdtt  Signal  Co. ,  New  York,  saying1  that  he  had  referred 
the  matter  of  potaslj? batteries  to  Mr.  Rockwell,  Asst.  "Engineer,  and  Mr. 
Rockwell  had  said  that  as  the  contract  called  for  gravitv  "battery,  he 
S°^do?0t  °°"sent  to  anY  change  being  made,  but  would  not  object  to  the 
Hall  Signal  Co.  making  the  change,  as  under  the  contract  the  Hall  Co. 

T/rad  ^°asaumea11  responsibility  for  the  proper  working  of  the  signals. 

Mr.  WHeman  also  asked  Mr.  Wilson  to  please  give  him  (Mr. Wileman)  a 
letter  endorsing  the  potash  battery  for  the  signal  work.  Mr.  Wileman's 
idea  was  of  course  to  get  Mr.  Wilson  to  endorse  the  Gordon  battery.  Mr 
Wiison,  however,  wrote  Mr.  Gillingham  saying  that  as  the  contract  had  been 
closed  by  the  Chicago  office  and  the  estimates  furnished,  that  he  pre¬ 
ferred  Mr.  Gillingham  should  reply  to  the  letter.  (This  was  Wilson's  /- 
way  of  getting  Gillingiam  to  endorse  the  Edison  battery  as^representea-^^" 
by  the  Hall  Signal  Co.  while  he,  Ur.  Wilson,  would  not  do  so  for  the 

.  ,  +„  +M£:  Gillingham  read  me  his  reply  to  Mr.  Wileman,  in  which  he 
said  that  his  letter  of  the  13th  to  Mr.  V/ilson  had  been  referred  to  him 
for  reply  and  that  as  all  the  information  he  had  in  reference  to  the 
working  of  the  different  potash  battery  on  signals  had  come  to  him  from 
the  raiiroad  people,  he  thought  it  preferable  that  Mr.  Wileman  would 
writ®  t]?e  signal  People  of  the  different  roads,  naming,  he  says 
the  following  roads:  Lehi^i  Valley,  Philadelphia  &  Reading,  D.  L.  &  W  . 
Central  HR  of  New  Jersey,  Baltimore  &  Ohio,  Rock  Island,  Illinois 
Central,  C.  M.  &  St.  P. ,  Chicago  &  Alton,  Pittsburg  &  Lake  Erie  and 
Cincinnati  Southern.  You  will  please  note  that  all  of  the  roads 
named  excepting  the  first  two,  are  using  the  Edison  battery  on  their 
signals.  Both  Mr.  Gillingham  and  myself  think  that  Mr.  Wileman  has 
written  to  all  these  roads,  but  in  order  to  overcome  Mr.  Rockwell's 
objection,  he  asks  Wilson  for'  an  endorsement,  as  representative  of  the 
H51LSifna2  Co *  ' as  1  said  before,  Wilson  declined  to  give  him, 
of  the  Gordon  battery,  !  ’ 


v;  E  G 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company 


Of  course  Mr.  Rockwell's  point  is  well  taken  and  if  he  sticks 
to  it,  the  gravity  battery  will  he  used. 

Mr.  Gillingham  makes  a  special  request  that  you  consider 
this  letter  confidential. 

Type  "Q” Cell. 


Mr.  W.  'E.  Gilmore, 

V.  P.  &  Genl.  Manager, 

Dear  Sir; 

As  I  wired  you  this  morning,  the  Lake  Shore  people  have 
decided  to  use  the  gravity  battery  on  their  signal  installation.  I 
understand  that  Mr.  Wileman  says  that  he  was  not  satisfied  the  Gordon 
offer  was  straight  and  that  he  would  not  use  the  Gordon  battery  under 
these  conditions.  As  you  know,  I  hardly  hoped  to  be  able  to  get  the  Q 
cell  in  against  the  300  ampere  hour  Gordon  and  our  next  best  thing  was 
keep  the  Gordon  from  getting  in  at  all,  and  we  succeeded  in  doing  this. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Dec.  24,19o2. 

Dear  Sir!’  P‘  &  General  Manaeer,  Orange,  N.  J, 

latter  .ttaJh^T  KVLMeVf  1?  if- 

12/100  of  an  ampere  used  L  iZ  r’.  Xt  I?*0"14  have  feeen 
J'r.  Gladstone's  letter  to  chance  mv  onin^  1  JS  n0t  see  anythi«g  In 
would  last  twice  as  long  as  thf  0  y  Wo  od  -i  ?ouree  the  KR  cell 
battery  would  have  to  he  renewed  dice  as  often  fuld?  a^re  that  the  Q 
required  for  operating  the  disc  siSal  if  °L  near  The  ™rrent 

1/12  of  au  ampere.  As  vou  sav  vnu  ho  —  .a*  ,  can  get  at  it. 

discussion  in  referenced  the  matted  ddd  t0T gL ^ °  any  lenSthy 
decided  to  use  the  gravitd  I  think  thS^satt?*®  d'v1®  Shore  pe°Ple  have 
know,  the  Q  cell  was  men ti  oriori  t 1HK  tJlat  settles  the  question.  As  you 
in  order  to  stay  X  t”  £gtf  in  cor,neotl°a  with  Lake  Shore  matte™ 

I  return  the  j  two  letters  herew 

Yours  very  truly, 

We  s  t  e  rir^SKg  e  r 

1902.  Battery  -  Storage  -  General  (D-02-03) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  commercial  and  technical  development  of  Edison's  alkaline  storage 
battery.  Included  are  letters  concerning  the  financial  support  and  the 
prospects  of  Edison's  battery  work,  as  well  as  the  probable  use  and 
advantages  of  the  alkaline  storage  battery. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected  except  for  three  clippings 
from  the  Railroad  Gazette. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-02-23  (Mining  -  General)  and  D-02- 
25  (Mining  -  Mines  and  Ores). 


New  York  Office,  44  Broad  St. 
January  6th,  1902. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: — 

I  send  you  herewith  three  extracts  from  the 
"Railroad  Gazette"  which  give  you  pretty  nearly  all  the  data 
you  should  require  in  figuring  out  what  storage  batteries  might 
do  in  taking  the  place  of  locomotives. 

The  pages  of  the  Railroad  Gazette  taken  from 
the  issue  of  February  1st,  1901  give  a  picture  and  description 
of  the  new  Central  Atlantic  type  of  locomotive,  which  are  the 
largest,  heaviest,  and  fastest  locomotives  which  have  ever  been 
built  for  pas  sengs  r  service.  You  will  find  on  page  74  of  this 
clipping  the  exact  weight  of  the  engine, and  also  what  is  rathej* 
hard  to  find,  the  weight  of  the  tender  loaded  and  empty. 

The  extract  of  march  8th,  1891  gives  you  quite 
a  good  deal  of  information  about  the  Central  track  showing  par¬ 
ticularly  where  pushers  have  to  be  used,  although  as  you  will  see, 
no  puchers  were  used  on  the  division  between  New  York  and  Albany. 

I  hope  you  will  have  time  to  look  this  over  and 
think  about  it  before  you  see  Arnold  as  a  great  deal  might  de¬ 
pend  upon  the  facts  you  kighi  he  able  to  bring  to  his  attention. 

Believe  kfe  kitfaysf. 

Year's  faithfully* 



Elektricitafs-  fflerke  Jlktiengesellschaft. 

Mascf/inen  -  Abtheilung. 

BERLIN  N„  January  28th.  1902 . 

'tUnardcr  Strutt  23/33 

My  dear  Edison, 

I  have  frequent  inquiries  from  important  industrial  men  for 
your  storage  battery  ,  and  you  would  really  oblige  me  if  you  would 
tell  me  at  your  earliest  convenienoe  ,  how  far  you  are  now  with  your 
new  storage  battery  .  Have  you  got  it  already  in  such  practical  shape 
(that  you  can  g0  ahead  when  it  may  be  ready  for  manufacturing  ? 

I  have  the  finest  ohanoe  of  making  a  big  finanoial  success 
here  ,  and  any  amount  of  capital  that  may  be  required,  to  build  your 
storage  battery  on  the  best  scale,  is  at  ny  disposal  ,  so  I  would  be 
very  thankful  if  you  would  give  me  some  reliable  information,  as  soon 
as  possible. 

Your  patent  applications  in  Germany  are  making  good  sucoess  , 
so  I  have  no  doubt  that  you  will  get  good  patents  on  your  invention  , 
and  by  the  time  the  patent  is  issued  ,  I  hopp  you  are  prepared  to  begin 
manufacturing . 

Hoping  that  you  continue  to  keep  in  good  health  ,  I  am  with 
kindest  regards, 

^  ^fpurs  faithfully 


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Qx^tt/yhc  H  wv  5-««f-  ©Attyv«j 

UtT  *XCt;  *£*,  \|e:<V 

Thomas'  A.  Edison,  Esq.^~*-  <r'w'|  u,^ 

Orange,  New  Jersey^ l.X  Hvt  W»-w«jw.«  <sc 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:  OXfu  £-y- f  |J?> »•**•  »AC.t  (iJAeuXi-cMA*  — — 

Re  Storage  Battery.  I  have  a  friend  who  wants 
to  be  the  first  in  the  field  in  the  U3e  ppa  large  number  of  your 
storage  batteries,  for  a  specific  and  special  purpose,  for  which 
he  desires  a  license. 

He  has  ashed  me  to  bring  him  into  negotiation 
with  the  proper  persons  for  this  purpose. 

It  is  a  use  which  is  peculiar,  and  which,  logically,  1 
separates  itself  from  all  other  uses  to  which  the  battery  could 
be  put. 

He  only  awaits  my  informing  him  that  the  time  is 
ripe  for  negptiation,  and  at  that  time  will  deBire  me  to  introduce 
him  to  you,  or  to.  the  proper  person,  to  make  the  arrangement. 

His  standing  and  security  is  undoubted,  the  output 
from  his  works  of  his  particular  line  of  apparatus  being  about 
eighty  peroent  of  the  entire  output  of  the  same  line  in  the  whole 
United  States. 

The  number  of  batteries  required  by  him  would  be 

very  great. 

Will  it  be  proper  to  suggest  that  such  a  service, 

resulting  in  a  contract  for  the  use  of  your  battery  on  a  large 
scale,  and  not  interfering  with  any  other  demand  for  the  battery, 
would  be  deserving  of  compensation? 

If  so,  please  name  the  compensation  and  say  when  I  may 
bring  him  to  see  the  right  parties. 

Yours  truly, 

l&eurU  * 

EHL/ABT.  M.  38. 


*£/- . June . 30  th, . , 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N,  J, 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  beg  to  acknowledge,  with 
thankB,  the  receipt  of  your  check  for 
$5,563.88,  of  Which  $5,000.00  is  in  part 
payment  of  loan  of  $20,000  to  yourself  and 
H.  E,  Dick,  and  $563.88,  for  your  proportion 
of  interest  to  June  17th. 

I  have  also  received  your  new  note 
for  $10,000,  and  I  will  return  the  old  note 
for  $20,000  as  soon  as  I  return  from  the 
country,  which  will  be  in  about  two  weeks. 

Yours  truly-j 




.'..4w  GIRO-  E  ONTO 

Y  -Bg/fc - 



-August  -Wth, 1902 . 

A.B.C.  Code  used 

JTyl/P _ 

Antwort  nHlln,  an 
Abtheilung  M 
Omlmanln •  Fir. 

Thomas  A.  Edison 

Llewellyn  Park 

Orange  ,  N.J. 

My  dear  Edison  , 

I  have  sent  yOu  to-day  per  parcel  post  two  Btorage  battery 
cells  made  out  of  soft  rubber  ,  which  ought  to  be  just  the  thing  for 
automob ils  .  I  have  been  told  that  this  composition  is  quite  new' for 
this  purpose  ,  and  hope  that  it  will  be  of  some  service  to  you  .  If 
this  is  the  case  ,  I  will  send  you  prices  for  quantities  . 

I  am  very  often  asked  from  prominent  sources  ,  what-1,  progress 
you  are  making  with  your  battery  and  when  you  are  going  to  start  manu¬ 
facturing  .and  selling  them  .  I  would  be  much  obliged  if  you  would  drop 
me  a  few  lines  and  let  me  know  about  when  you  think  to  be  through  with 
your  experiments  .  Lick  has  written  me  that  you  are  making  good  pro¬ 
gress  . 

I  am  going  to  come  over  to  the  states  middle  of  next  month 
and  then  hope  to  see  you  and  your  family  in  good  health  . 


Bergmann-Elektricitats  -  Werke,  Aktiengese/lschaft  (Maschinen-Abtheilung) 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq.,  Orange  . 

Since  I  have  advanced  the  last  money  to  Stewart  ,  I  have  not 
:om  him  anymore  .X  an  oversight  you  have  been  charged  with  the 
,  which  I  have  advanced  him  on  Dick’s  order  ,  and  which  was  in- 
^  tended  to  he  settled  between  Dick  and  nyself  direct  ;  please  excuse  this 

Business  with  us  over  here  is  very  fair  ,  and  I  think  we  are 
the  only  concern  in  whole  Germany  who  cannot  complain  of  bad  timeB  . 

How  do  you  like  that  ?  - 

With  kind  regards  I  t 

Please  remember  me  to  Dick  . 


yours  very  truly 

'  JLAS U 


Of  course  I  can-have  any  size.:  of  „  cells. ma4e. ,  and  if  .you  want  ,to., 
sketches  ,  and  I  will  have  some  made  for  you. 

W.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq., 

Care  Edison  Phonograph  Company, 
Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Gilmore: 

I  enclose  you  herewith  copy  of  a  letter  I  got  from 
Mr.  John  IT.  Abbott,  the  Vice  President  and  General  Manager,  of  the 
Consolidated  Railway  Electric  lighting  and  Equipment  Company.  These 
people  are  doing  a  great  deal  of  steam  railroad  car  lighting,  using 
storage  batteries  charged  by  a  generator  which  is  operated  from  the 
car  axles.  Most  of  the  fast  trains  on  the  New  York  Central  and  Lake 
Shore  are  now  equipped  this  way,  and  the  service  is  very  good.  I  would 
like  you  to  talk  to  Mr.  Edison  and  if  he  is  agreeable,  j  would  like 
to  give  Mr.  Abbott  an  introduction  to  him.  Please  let  me  know  about  this 
as  early  as  possible,  as  you  will  see  from  Mr.  Abbott's  letter  that  he 
has  asked  me  to  take  it  up  for  him. 



100  Broadway, 



NEW  YORK,  November  3rd,  1902. 

Dear  Mr.  Insull:- 

I  would  like  very  much  to  obtain  a  personal  interview 
with  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  with  a  view  of  discussing  the  applicability 
of  his  new  storage  battery  to  the  purpose  of  railway  car  lighting,  in 
which  this  Company  is  engaged,  and  would  very  much  appreciate  it  if  you 
could  do  me  the  favor  of  bringing  about  such  an  interview. 

With  regards,  I  am, 

Yours  very  sincerely  j 

(SIGNED)  Jno.  N.  Abbott.  j 

Vice  President  &  General  Manager 

Mr.  Samuel  Insull 

Chicago,  Ills. 


LtADMtsKiHDu^cHioAoo..  Chicago,  November  lBth,  1902. 

W.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq. 

Care  Edison  Phonograph  Works , 
Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Gilmore: 


NOVI  7  1902 
s  ANS . 

I  have  your  letter  of  the  12th,  and  have  sent  an  intro¬ 
duction  to  Hr.  John  N.  Abbott,  Vice  President  and  General  Manager,  of  the 
Consolidated  Hailway  Electric  Lighting  and  Equipment  Company,  introducing 
him  to  Mr .  Edison,  and  have  suggested  to  Mr.  Abbott  that  he  should 
communicate  with  you  before  going  out  to  see  Mr.  Edison. 

Yours  truly 

.  TnB'  Wu.^ 



\J.  < 

tx  -  Q . 

2L-  t 

^  &  si  rrO  ^  T:.^  Ji  c  r*.  (k^ 

r,'.f  <J  ■ 

:, ) 

1902.  Battery  -  Storage  -  Foreign  (D-02-04) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating 
to  the  patenting,  manufacture,  and  sale  of  Edison  storage  batteries  in  Europe. 
Most  of  the  correspondence  is  by  or  addressed  to  the  following  individuals: 
Robert  Rafn,  who  assisted  attorneys  working  to  obtain  patents  in  continental 
Europe;  Herman  E.  Dick,  who  was  authorized  by  Edison  to  exploit  the  battery 
commercially  throughout  Europe;  Willis  N.  Stewart,  who  was  involved  briefly 
with  the  exploitation  of  the  competing  Jungner  patents;  and  Sigmund 
Bergmann,  who  began  to  manufacture  Edison  storage  batteries  at  his  factory 
in  Berlin. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  Among 
the  items  not  selected  are  account  statements  from  the  Bergmann  electrical 
works,  a  report  on  the  status  of  Edison's  German  storage  battery  patents,  and 
numerous  letters  from  Stewart  that  contain  little  substantive  information 
regarding  storage  batteries  in  Europe.  Some  unselected  items  bear  Edison's 
marginal  notes,  "Send  to  Dick"  or  "file  Foreign  Storage  Battery." 

Haus  ersten  Ranges 

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C.UICK,  *  . 

21-16^  W.  Jackson  B'oul. 

lA'th  'tlifa?  , 

•  #’ 

Chicago,  May,  3|s^  1902. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Edison: — 

I  enolose  you  press  clippings  from  yesterday's 
Daily  News,  American  and  Tlmes-Herald.  ;  , 

Bergmann  has  been  premature  in  giving  out  that  he  .wmnftp.  to 
manufacture  the  battery  and  I  do  not  understand  why  he  should  assert 
himself  in  this  manner  at  this  time.  It. is  surprising  how  so  many 
men  are  ready  to  declare  themselves  in  print  when  it  is  not  justi¬ 

I  expected  to  leave  today  for  Orange  but  there  is  a  very 
important  matter  on  with  The  North  American  T.‘  &  T.  Co.  and  Mr. 
Cudahy  asked  me  to  remain  a  few  days  longer.  ' 

If  I  do  not  enthuse  over  the  battery  you  will  understand 
it  is  only  what  I  have  always  expected  for  I  believe  you  will 
remember  that  I  never  have  been  of  but  one  opinion  regarding  the 
successful  outcome  of  the  undertaking. 

With  best  wishes,  I  am 

Sincerely , 


[Last  4  lines:  Mr.  Edison  does  not  propose  manufacturing  electric  vehicles 
but  wm  turn  out  the  batteries  from  his  factory  which  he  has  been  fitting  up 
at  Glen  Ridge,  N.J.]  6  v 


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Dear  Mr.  Dick: 

Aug.  17. 

I  got  here  two  days  ago  having  come  on  here  from 
Newhausen.  Sorry  to  say  that  again  I  am  not  so  well;  it  may  he 
the  result  of  the  journey,  hut  it  is  a  great  hon.  This  place 
I  hope  will  put  me  right  -  it  is  some  3000  ft.  up  in  the 
Ro  ,  part  of  the  Austrians  Tyrol,  though  it  is  just 

across  the  frontier  in  Italy,  lovely  air  and  beautiful  scenery  - 
if  only  good  health  now  would  return  everything  would  he  right. 

I  have  re-read  your  letter  of  the  29th  ult.,  and 
am  glad  to  know  that  Mr.  "Edison  fully  approves  of  our  financial 
plan.  As  regards  Mr‘<  Edison  approving  of  the  installation  of 
the  plant  and  of  the  plant  itself,  this  was  already  understood, 
and  my  idea  has  been  that  he  should  send  over  some  practical 
man  who  has  his  confidence,  to  take  charge  of  the  erection  of 
the  same.  Neither  is  there  any  difficulty  in  putting  such  a 
condition  as  this  into  the  document  in  which  Mr.  Edison  under¬ 
takes  to  hand  over  his  patents  to  a  company,  etc.  It  is  merely 
an  additional  obligation  on  him.  At  the  same  time  it  must 
he  clearly  understood  that  the  man  Mr.  Edison  might  send  over  . 
will  not  run  independent  of  the  Managing  director  or  consulting 
engineering  or  whoever  may  he  responsiblento  the  company  for 

the  outlay  of  itB  capital  in  England.  This  though  is  only  a 
detail  and  can  he  discussed  at  the  proper  time.  Nevertheless , 

I  don't  think  that  it  will  he  practicable  for  Mr.  Edison  to  super¬ 
vise  and  approve  the  work  of  the  plant  in  the  factory  until  it 
produces  300  cells  a  day,  as  you  propose  in  your  letter.  I  am 
fully  aware  that  he  haB  had  trouble  in  England  hut  because  of  that 
I  do  not  think  that  such  a  hoard  as  I  have  planned  v/ould  he 
willing  to  he  classed  with  a  usual  London  hoard  and  agree  to 
he  put  on  one  side,  as  if  it  was  composed  of  army  captains  and 
gouty  admirals.  The  reason  for  choosing  only  workers  for  the 
hoard  was  to  ensure  proper  intelligence  for  constructing  and 
carrying  into,  effect  the  equipment  of  a  factory  and  the  output 
of  the  Edison  cell. 

It  is  not  possible  to  control  a  business  absolutely 
and  in  detail  from  an  office  3000  miles  away  from  it,  and  the 
right  thing  to  do  is  to  have  a  representative  with  sufficient 
power  on  the  spot  and  have  confidence  in  him  -  therefore,  he  must 
he  carefully  chosen. 

As  regards  the  profit  mentioned  in  the  prospectus, 

Mr.  Edison  need  not  he  worried.  people  when  going  into  this  . 
sort  of  thing  generally  the  point  of  something  better 

coming  out  soon,  and  therefore  the  necessity  for  getting  this 
capital  hack  as  soon  as  possible; that  is  the  reason  why  1 
thought  it  wise  to  put  the  probable  profit  in  the  prospectus. 

I  do  not  exactly  understand  you  when  you  write  about 
my  coming  over  when  I  am  "all  ready,  the  company  formed  and  the 
capital  subscribed"  and  Mr.  Edison  wanting  me  to  .bring  the  articles 
of  association  and  the  contract. *  Are  you  of  a  mind  that  all  this 


ca.n  be  done  in  such  a  manner  that  nothing  will  be  signed  but 
everything  left  open  until  it  is  approved  by  Mr.  'Edison? 

Before,  you  left  it  was  agreed  with  you  that  in  London  we  would 
go  ahead  to  get  the  capital  subscribed  on  the  basis  of  the 
prospectus,  while  you  as  Mr.  Edison's  agent  approved.  Tf  the 
capital  was  secured  we  were  to  wire  you  and  then  you  were  to 
come  over  to  London  with  a  power  from  Mr.  Edison  to  transfer  his 
patents  to  a  company  which  Mr.  Hawksley  in  the  meanwhile 
would  be  registering. 

As  was  explained  to  you  the  articles  of  association 
have  to  be  approved  at  a  general  meeting  of  shareholders; 
there  is  no  hurry  after  the  formation  of  the  company  about 
getting  those  approved  and  Mr.  Edison  could  go  through  .them  before 
they  v/ere  submitted  for  approval  at  the  meeting.  Anyhow,  aB 
he  can  easily  have  the  controlling  vote  he  would-  swing  the 
matter  as  he  liked;  besides  -  the  approval  of  those  articles  is 
generally  a  matter  of  form,  as  small  shareholders  hardly  ever 
read  them. 

By  proceeding  in  the  manner  v/e  arranged,  there  is  no 
necessity  for  a  contract  except  for  that  which  embodies,  what  is 
already  in  the  prospectus  and  the  supervision  clause  which  Mr. 
Bdison  wants. 

Of  course  I  will  be  delighted  to  come  over  and  want  to, 
so  as  to  discuss  natters  generally  with  Mr.  Edison,  but  as  for 
bringing  over  articles  of  association,  contract,  etc.  of  and  with  . 
a  company  which  does  not  exist  -  that  I  domt  see  my  way  to. 
doing.  It  is  not  possible  to  ask  people  to  subscribe  to  a 

company's  capital  and  hold  them  to  any  promise  they  may  make  for 
an  indefinite  time  and  also  tell  them  that  the  conditions  under 
which  they  are  subscribing  may  be  altered. 

If  it  was  possible  to  form  a  syndicate  in  London, 
of  a  few  people  for  the  whole  amount  required  and  a  delegate 
sent  over  by  the  syndicate  to  treat  with  Mr.  'Edison  for  buying 
his  patents,  etc.  from  him,  then  it  v/ould  be  different,  but  we 
have  never -dealt  on  those  lines;  yet  that  is  v/hat  you  are 


virtually  asking  should  be  done. 

You  see  or  rather  I  now  see  that  you  came  over  to 
“Europe  to  sell,  but  you  cannot  deliver  as  you  have  no  power  - 
therefore  you  cannot  sell  -  an  illogical  position! 

I  think  under  the  circumstances  -  that  is  - 
of  Mr.  Mr."  'Edison  being  unwilling  to'give  a  power,  it  v/ould  be 
better  if  a  group  could  be  formed  with  the  object  of  buying 
Mr.  Edison's  patents,  etc.  from  him;  but  the  trouble  is  that  it 
is  so  hard  to  find  people  over  here  who  are  willing  to  go  in 
for  this  sort  of  business  with  large  sums,  if  one  could  prove 
profits  it  v/ould  be  easier  -  but  even  then,  v/ho  knows?  Patents 
are  not  easy  things  to  trade  in. 

I  will  talk  the  matter  over  again  v/ith 
and  B  ,  as  I  can  see  by  your  letter  that  v/e  urbl 

not  likely  to  make  much  headway  under  the  present  ideas,  aB 
yours  and  ourB  differ  as  to  the  modus  operand!,  is  much 
better  to  accept  as  a  fact  that  Mr.  Edison  is  not  going  to  sign 
or  give  power  to  sign  anything  unless  he  himself  sees  the  whole 
of  the  documents,  etc.;  therefore  it  is  better  to  make  him  a 
bid  and  let  him  stipulate  the  exact  terms  and  conditions. 


V/hat  is  the  use  of.  drafting  such  things  if  they  are 
only  to  he  cut  about  by  him?  I  hope  you  follow  me  in  what 
X  have  written,  I  am  sure  that  Hawksley  would  agree  with  me. 

Please  drop  me  a  line  to  London  upon  the  matter  as  I 
may  be  wrong  in  my  reading  of  your  letter.  What  I  infer  is  that 
the  business  must  be  carried  out  at  Orangefaot  in  London. 

Kindest  regards  to  Mrs.  Lick. 

Yours  sincerely 

Charles  I.  Stanhope . 


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Berlin,  September  1st,  1902. 

ret  The  present  state  of  the  German  Edison  accumu- 
lator  applications . 

Copper  electrode 

This  application  has  been  rejected  by  the 
patent  office.  As  no  ordres  to  appeal  against 
the  rejecting  decission  have  been  received  this 
application  is  abandoned .  We  have  repeatedly  called 
attention  to  the  fact  that  this  application  had 
very  poor  chances  so  that  this  result  is  no  surpri¬ 

Cadmium  electrode 

The  patent  office  has  demanded  a  declaration 
by  an  expert.  Information  as  to  whether  such  de¬ 
claration  shall  be  produced,  has  not  yet  been  re¬ 

In  considera  tion  of  the  comparatively  smal  1 
practical  value  of  the  copper-cadmium-accumulator, 
and  of  the  difficulty  of  rendering  the  proof  de  - 
manded  by  the  office  it  appears  hardly  remunerative 
to  produce  such  declaration.  On  the  contrary  it 
appears  advisable  to  refuse  to  produce  the  declara¬ 
tion  and  to  demand  the  granting  of  the  patent 
without  a  declaration . 

Iron-nichel-combinat  ion. 

The  patent  office  has  suggested  a  claim  which 



characterizes  the  accumulator  in  charged  state, 
an  essential  feature  being  that  the  iron  electrode 
consists  of  metallic  iron  (in  order  to  distinguish 
from  the  iron  oxide  electrode  mentioned  in  Jung- 
ner's  dsecription) .  Further  has  been  put  as  condi¬ 
tion  for  the  granting  of  such  claim  that  a  decla¬ 
ration  by  aft  expert  be  produced.  T?ie  acceptance  of 
said  claim  ms  agreed  to  in  America  and  Professor 
Forster  was  giveri  charge  of  the  preliminary  work 
of  the  researches  demanded  by  the  office.  The  re¬ 
searches  by  Prof .  Forster,  however,  have  given  the 
result  that  the  accumulator  contains,  when  charged, 
either  not  at  all,  or  very  little  metallic  iron . 

These  results  have  later  been  essentially 
corroborated  in  Mr.  Edison's  laboratory.  For  this 
reason  we  have  objected  to  the  claim  suggested  by 
the  patent  office,  and  at  the  same  time  we  have 
refused  to  produce  the  declaration  by  expert.  For¬ 
tunately  we  were  in  position  to  do  so  for  the  rea¬ 
son  that  we  had  not  yet  abandoned  our  earlier  claim 
which  defines  the  accumulator  in  discharged  state, 
i.  e.  one  pole  cons  isting  of  a  nickel  oxygen  com¬ 
pound  and  the  other  pole  consisting  of  an  iron 
oxygen  compound.  To  some  extent  serious  remains 
the  fact  that  the  originally  filed  claims  (Feb.  5. 
1901)  mention  one  electrode  as  consisting  of  finely 
divided  iron.  However,  it  maiy  be  hoped  that  the 
patent  office  will  not  for  this  reason  raise  any 
difficulties  regarding  the  priority. 

Nickel  electrode 

The  application  on  the  nickel  electrode  had  to 




be  limited  considerably  for  the  reason  that  the 
employment  of  finely  divided  nic he  1  hydroxide  is 
previously  known.  The  limitation  has  been  made 
in  such  manner  that  a  nickel  electro de  is  claimed 
whose  active  mass  is  embedded  under  pressure  in 
receptacles  with  perforated  walls,  of  dmetal  that 
is  not  attacked  by  current  in  the  electrolyte .  The 
examination  was  delayed  for  some  time  under  the 
unjust  pretention  that  the  invention  was  antici¬ 
pated  by  a  prior  application  by  Dr.  Gahl.  A  complaint 
of  the  postponement  was  acknowldged  by  the  office, 
and  the  examination  will  be  continued  shortly.  The 
chances  of  this  patent,  however,  are  not  very  good, 
as  the  examiner  appears  declined. 

Iron  application 

In  the  matter  of  the  applications  on  the  three 
different  ways  of  preparing  the  iron  electrode,  a 
demonstration  is  going  to  be  given  at  Bergmann's 
on  Sept.  12.  The  examiner  does  not  appear  quite  un¬ 
willing  to  grant  a  patent  on  these  applications. 

He  raises  some  difficulties ,  however,  regarding  the 
definition  of  the  patent  protection,  and  wants  to 
reduce  the  broadness  of  the  protection  to  such  ex¬ 
tent  that  it  might  easily  be  evaded  and  that  in¬ 
fringements  could  hardly  be  successively  prosecuted- 
We  have  repeatedly  objected  hereto  in  several  ver¬ 
bal  conferences,  and  it  remains  to  aioait,  that  the 
examiner  shall  be  more  in  our  favour  after  the 

Meanwhile  there  has  been  a  change  of  person 


in  the  office  of  "Berichtsrs tatter"  ( recorder ) 
i.  e.  that  member  of  the  patent  office  who  has  to 
lay  the  prepared  cases  before  the  deciding  Board 
of  examiners.  We  have  not  as  yet  had  an  opportuni¬ 
ty  to  negotiate  with  this  man ,  so  we  do  not  know 
whether  the  change  affords  an  improvsm-yit  or  the 
oppos  ite. 

Graph  ite  appl  i  cat  ions . 

The  examiner  refuses  persistently  to  grant  a 
general  claim  on  the  employment  of  flake  graphite, 
for  the  reason  that  the  admixing  of  graphite  to 
electrode*- masses  is  commonly  known,  and  because, 
as  the  examiner  assumes,  the  flakelike  structure 
of  graphite  will  necessitate,  whatever  be  the  method 
of  mixing  it  with  the  electrode  mass,  that  the  gra¬ 
phite  will  be  employed  as  fine  flakes .  We  object 
energetically  hereto,  but  it  cainot  be  denied  that 
the  argumentation  of  the  examiner,  according  to 
German  practice,  is  not  unjust. 

On  the  other  hand,  the  second  graphite  appli¬ 
cation,  treating  the  intimate  admixing  of  the  gra¬ 
phite,  and  the  subdivision  into  fine  flakes, 
appears  quite  prosperous. 

However,  the  examination  of  this  second  appli¬ 
cation  has  been  postponed  in  consideration  of  the 
still  pending  chief  application.  We  have  not  yet 
filed  any  complaint  in  this  matter  as  we  want  to 
await  the  dec  is  si  on  of  the  first  instance  in  the 
matter  of  the  chief  appl i cat  ion.  Furthermore,  it 
is  our  intention  in  case  of  a  rejection  of  the 
nickel -iron-combinat  ion  by  said  first  instance,  to 




use  this  unjust  and  inlegitimate  delay  of  the  exa¬ 
mination  of  the  application  on  admixing  graphite, 
as  material  to  prove  gefore  the  second  instance 
the  arbitrariness  and  incapability  shown  by  the 
examiner  and  the  first  instance  in  their  treatment 
of  the  Mis  on-applications.  We  fear  to  weaken  this 
effect  by  appealing  at  present,  as  the  state  of 
affairs  should  then  later  on  not  be  fresh  in' mind 
of  the  " Board,  of  appeal" . 

Magnesium  electrode 

In  this  matter  a  demonstration  is  going  to  be 
made  at  Bergmann’s  on  Sept.  12 .  In  case  of  a  suc¬ 
cess,  the  examiner  is  willing  to  grant  the  appli¬ 

)een  accepted 
and  is  at  present,  untill  the  20th  of  Sept emteyr 
laid  out  for  public  inspection.  Hence,  eventual 
opposition  to  this  application  may  be  expected  at 
the  and  of  the  month.  The  accepted  claims  appear 
quite  satisfactory. 


ssy&r;  vjcmwntt/j 
*  .1/ 


J*/.JKr2i>/0  OrA 

ty/c, .,/%,•£  Sept.  16,  1902. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

.  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir,- 



We  have  received  Mr.  Stewart's  letter  to  Mr.  Dick, 
have  carefully  noted  your  endorsement  thereon,  and  heg  to 
return  the  same  herewith. 

Mr.  Stewart  is  in  error  regarding  the  period  of 
working  in  Austro-Hungary.  Under  the  old  law  a  single  pat¬ 
ent  covered  the  entire  Empire,  "both  Austria  and  Hungary,  and 
under  that  law  patents  required  to  he  worked  within  one  year 
from  the  issue  of  the  patent.  At  the  present  time  a  new 
law  is  in  force,  under  which  separate  patents  must  he  se¬ 
cured  in  hoth  countries.  Under  this  law  the  patent  in 
Austria  does  not  have  to  he  worked  until  three  years  from 
the  date  of  publication  of  the  grant,  unless,  however,  the 
invention  is  being  worked  in  other  countries  and  a  demand 
for  the  same  exists  in  Austria.  In  the  latter  oaBe  the 
Austrian  Patent  Office  is  authorized  under  the  law  to  shorten 
the  period,  hut  in  any  case  proper  notioo  to  the  patentee  is 
given  to  enable  the  working  to  he  effected.  In  Hungary,  un¬ 
der  the  new  law  the  invention  requires  to  he  worked  within 
three  years,  with  the  same  exception  as  we  have  referred  to 

(T.  A.  K. ,  2) 

in  connection  with  Austria.  We  will  see  that  you  are  no¬ 
tified  in  proper  time  to  effect  the  working  of  all  of  your 
foreign  patents. 

In  Belgium  the  patent  requires  to  he  worked  within 
one  year  from  the  first  foreign  manufacture.  We  under¬ 
stand  that  up  to  the  present  time  your  work  has  been  wholly 
experimental,  and  that  the  actual  commercial  manufacture 
of  the  batteries  has  not  been  commenced.  Our  understand¬ 
ing  of  the  Belgian  law  is  that  the  working  must  be  effected 
within  one  year  from  the  f irB  t  commercial  working  in  some 
foreign  country,  and  not  from  a  mere  experimental  ope  ration. 
In  order,  however,  to  be  absolutely  sure  on  this  point,  we 
have  written  to-day  to  our.  correspondents  in  Paris,  explain¬ 
ing  the  exact  situation  and  asking  for  their  opinion  in  the 
matter.  As  soon  as  we  hear  from  them,  we  will  advise  you. 

Yours  very  truly, 

f  _ 

(Enclosure ) 



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*i'!  •  October  B,1^0fj, 

S.  Bergmann,  Esq. ,  1 

Berlin ,  Germany. 

Bear  Sir:~ 

In  accordance  with  an  arrangement.  existing  between  Thomas 
A.  Edison  and  myself,  relating  to  his  new  Storage  Battery  and  in 
consideration  of  your  attention  to  the  manufacturing  end  of  the 
business  in  the  several  different  countries,  and  such  other  helpful 
assistance  you  may  render  when  called  upon,  I  agree  to  give  you 
from  my  portion  of  the  promotion  and  exploitation  of  said  Battery, 
follows;  .  c 

From  Germany,  20/,,  leaving  Edison’s  interest  50$,  mine 

On  all  other  countries  in  Europe,  excepting  England  and 
Eranoe,  10$,  leaving  Edison’s  interest  50$,  mine  45$. 

I  further  agree  that  if  the  promotion  of  Eranoe  justifies 
it,  I  will  give  you  a  further  5$  profit  from  that  Country.  This 
arrangement  applies  only  to  the  Continent  of  Europe. 

Ehat  is  meant  by  me  as  to  the  manufacturing  end  of  the 
business,  is  that  upon  the  formation  of  a  Company  and  a  faotory  is 
required,  that  you  will,  if  I  so  desire,  go  ahead  and  attend  tq  .the 
installing  of  necessary  machinery  and  bring  to  full  operation  Buoh 

faotory  and  attend  to  all  details  until  Buoh  faotory  is  a  going 
^  U.^  (Oiek  vLo-CJl^ 



..  / 

Plaza  Hotel,  59th  St.  &  5th  Ave . 
Hew  York,  October  7th,  19-2 

My  Dear  Edison  : 

I  enclose  herewith  ay  check  to  your  order-  on  the 
Yorlcville  Bank  for  Ten  Thousand  Dollars  (#10,000.00)  . 

/Yours  very  truly, 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J. 


1  enclosure  . 

Have  received  good  news  about  battery  patent  Will  see  you 
at  Stewartsville  Thursday  or  Friday .  Please;  let  me  know  if  you 
will  be  there  at  that  time  . 

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Mr.  Randolph: ~ 

’  I  heg  herewith  to  hand  you  a  letter  from  Mr.  Bergmann, 
regarding  the  tools  for  the  German  Storage  Battery  Company. 

Please  note  arrangement  made  as  to  payment  and  render 
hills  monthly  for  all  work  and  material  furnished,  as  directed. 
V/e  will  do  the  same  on  the  Storage  Battery  Company. 

Yours  very  truly, 


/  'G.  I.“" 

General  Incandescent  Arc  Light  Co. 

Hew  Yor  ,  Oct  18,  1902 

W.  S.  Mallory,  33sq., 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co., 

Orange,  IT.  J. 

Gentlemen  : 

Your  favor  of  the  17th  inst  received,  and  X  agree  with 
you  fully  that  your  people  should  make  the  die  witBi  punches,  com¬ 
plete,  as  stated  in  your  letter. 

I  am  also  satisfied  that  you  should  charge  for  the  adtual 
labor-  and  materi  al,  plus  100$,  for  the  machines,  punches,  dies 
and  appliances . 

Regarding  payments,  all  you  have  to  do  is  to  send  Bills 
to  me  as  the  work  progresses,  and  duplicates  of  same  to  Mr. 

P.  H.  Klein,  Jr.,  572  First  Avenue,  ITew  York,  for  which  X  will  cable 
the  money  to  Mr .  Klein  and  he  will  remit  to  you. 

Hoping  that  you  will  start  work  at  once  on  the  machines, 
etc.,  and  push  the  same  as  much  as  possible,  I  remian, 
jf  trulyy  yours 


Mr.  Randolph:  — 

X.  beg  to  advise  you  that  we  have  changed  the  arrangement 
as  to  making  the  tools  for  the  German  Storage  Battery  Company. 

The  only  work  to  he  done  at  the  Laboratory  will  be  two  briquetting 
machines,  one  for  iron;  the  other  for  nickel,  all  the  rest  of  the 
work  will  be  done  at  Glen  Ridge. 

The  work  is  to  be  charged,  as  already  instructed. 



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1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  General  (D-02-06) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
a  variety  of  subjects.  Included  are  documents  that  deal  with  more  than  one 
subject  or  that  do  not  fall  under  the  main  subject  categories  in  the  Document 
File.  Among  the  items  for  1902  are  letters  from  longtime  Edison  associates, 
Milton  F.  Adams,  Sigmund  Bergmann,  Alexander  Elliott,  Jr.,  William  J. 
Hammer,  and  J.  Lewis  Young,  as  well  as  correspondence  regarding  the 
Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Co.,  Ltd.,  and  items  pertaining  to  a  visit  by  Lord  Kelvin. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

im>oM  Ot\L  C 




I  enclose  a  clipping  is  of  ^  Toronto  paper  which  will 

servo  to  explain  itself.  I  used  your  name  in  connection  with  article 
but  unfortunately  I  was  only  aware  of  your  interest  in  the  study  of 
spiritualism  in  an  indirect  but  as  I  thought  authentic  way  .  My  de¬ 
sire  in  writing  you  is  an  assurance  that  I  have  not  intruded  in  connec¬ 
ting  you  as  I  did  and  would  consider  it  an  honor  if.  you  would  or  could 
give  rae  the  position  you  stand  upon  ,  as  to  spiritual  thought. 

I  remain  Very  Sincerely 
Harry  E  Dean 

General  Wholesale  Represena- 
c/o.  143  Yongo  St.  tive. 

•bi 'Hiirrf 

■fy/rr/fr//y':  ■‘'/fr/r/zf  "/nyirnn. 

j/  ’l&JwjfcvA 

January  24, 

Bates  Manufacturing  Company,  '  '  •'  /;■ 

Orange,  New  Jersey.  /  ' 

Gentlemen:  Ko.>,  .,/ 

Mr.  Gladstone  has  requested  us  tci  prepare  a  general  notice 
in  response  to  the  enclosed  circular  from  William  A.  Force  & 
Company.  It  does  not  seem  to  us  that  you  ought  to  dignify 
that  circular  by  assuming  that  it  is  directed  to  you  in  view 
of  the  fact  that  your  business  has  been  carried  on  without 
molestation  for  the  past  ten  years.  We  Buggest  that  a  brief 
notice  be  sent  to  your  customers  and  agentB  explaining  your 
position,  and  making  the  usual  offer  to  undertake  the  defense  of 
any  suits  which  may  be  brought  to  restrain  the  sale  or  use  of 
your  machines,  if  the  trade  has  been  disturbed  by  the  decision 
of  Judge  Thomas  sufficiently  to  make  such  a  notice  desirable. 

We  beg  to  enclose  a  form  for  thiB  notice,  which  you  can 

Yours  very  truly, 

,  _ _ 


N  0  T  I 

C  E  . 

We  beg  to  notify  our  agents  and  customers  as  well  as 
general  users  of  "Bates"  and  "Edison"  Numbering  Machines 
manufactured  and  sold  by  us,  that  we  have  been  advised  by 
counsel  that  neither  of  said  machines  infringes  the  claims 
of  any  valid  existing  patent,  and  that  we  stand  always 
ready  to  undertake  the  defense  of  any  patent  suit  or  suits 
that  may  be  brought  to  restrain  the  sale  or  use  of  either 
of  said  machines. 




Consecutive  Numbering  Machines  for  all  Purposes, 






J.  B.  LAUGHTON  . 

NEW-  York.  •  January  6th,  1902. 

To  Dealers  in  and  Manufacturers  of  Numbering  Machines: 

We  respectfully  call  your  attention  to  the  decision  of  Judge  Thomas  of 
the  U.  S.  Circuit  Court,  on  the  suit  by  us  against  the  Sawyer-Boss  Mfg.  Co. 
and  Stewart  &  Co.  of  New  York,  in  which  the  court  adjudges  the  Defiance 
Machine  an  infringement  on  our  Patent  Oct.  27,  1891  on  all  claims  of  the 
Patent,  and  has  issued  an  injunction  restraining  the  above  parties  from  making 
or  selling  such  machines  bearing  the  devices  according  to  our 

Claim  No.  1:’ 

In  a  stamp,  the  combination  of  a  main  frame,  a  series  of  similarly  spaced 
numbering  wheels,  corresponding  ratchet  whee  1  s ,  detents  for  these  numbering 
wheels  and  ratchet  whee  Is ,  operating  radially  within  a  support,  pawls  for 
imparting  motion  to  said  ratchet  wheels,  amovable  yoke  sustaining  the  numbering 
and  ratchet  wheel,  a  frame  like  lever  carrying  the  pawls  and  pivotally  connected 
to  said  yoke  and  also  to  the  main  frame,  and  an  inking  lever  fulcrumed  to  the 
main  frame  and  pivotally  connected  between  its  ends  with  the  said  lever,  which 
moves  the  pawls,  substant ial ly  as  speci f  ied. 

Claim  No.  2: 

In  a  stamp  the  combination  of  the  main  frame,  a  longitudinally  movable 
rod  fitted  thereto,  and  carry  ing  similarly  spaced  number  ing  wheels  .  slots  in 
said  rod,  a  cross  pin  connected  to. the  main  frame  and  passing  through  said  slots, 
and  an  enlargement  in  one  of  said*  slots  for  receiving  an  enlarged  portion  of  said- 
pin  to  lock  the  rod  in  its  depressed  condition,  substantially  as  specified. 

We  request  that  all  manufacturers  and  dealers  will  respect  the  claims  . 
of  our  patents,  as  we  shall  hereafter  take  legal  action  against  parties  that 
have  been  and  are  now  infringing  on  our  rights. 

Yours  truly, 



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Werner  School  Book  Company. 

Educational  Publishers.... 

578-388  Y^5Qkasb  Rwenus 


I  have  take  the  liberty  and  the^f  mail  Jug:  you  a -copy 
of  a  little  book  v/hich  we  have  recently  published  entitled  "Pour  America: 
Inventors."  I  trust  that  you  will  not  be  displeased  to  find  your  name 
in  this  group  of  Brea,fc  Americans,  and  that  our  brief  booklet  regarding 
yourself  is  fairly  free  from  errors.  We  are  aware  that,  in  short  sketches 
like  these  we  are  unable  to  do  our  subjects  full  Jus|j,e'fe'.  In  this 
series  of  books,  (the  Pour  Great  Americans  serie^f)  .  'we  ||ave  endeavored 
to  bring  young  readers  into  close  touch  with  the  marc/and  women  who  have 
helped  to  make  our  great  country  v/hat  i/tfJis.^vw 

I  trust  you  will  be  iijtjcP^edteOnly  in  the  book  which  we 
have  forwarded,  but  also  appreciate  wh^  wV have  i^y'fewjSln  publishing 

3  much  pleased  to  have 

little  book  v/hich  v 

to  bring  young  readers 

With  high  regaUer;  I/i 

State  library,  Albany  N.  Y.  ,/ 

31  Ja '02  ,/ 

Thomas  A.  Edison  / 

Menlofc  Park,  N.J. 

Dear  Mr  Edison:  Years  ago  you  gave  me  the  benefit  of 
your  experience  in  disjoined  writing  used  for  quick/ work  in 
telegraphy.  I  am  now  working  up  with  some  care  ^ne  practical 
methods  of  abbreviating  longhand,  and  should  be/ glad  to  know 
what  you  have  found  best  for  taking  press  or  /for  your  own 
notes  if  you  are  not  a  shorthand  writer.  I/am  told  that  Phil¬ 
lips'  code  is  much  used  by  telegraphers,  but  thought  it  not 
unlikely  that  your  researches  had  led  yovl  to  get  at  the  roots 

of  the  matter  and  that  you  could  give  i 
valuable  in  the  paper  I  am  writing. 

Yours  -tn 

.light  that  would  be 

J-  ~the  orange  journal  publishing  company, 

Association,  to  West  Orange  for  the  Memorial  Fund  not  one  subscrip¬ 
tion  has  been  reported  as  received  by  the  Committee.  I  have  been 
asked  by  the  Committee  to  lead  a  movement  for  the  completion  of  the 
Orange  apportionment  and  I  include  West  Orange. 

Will  you  send  us  as  larfje  a  contribution  as  the  object 
and  other  considerations  justify?  Your  remittance  will  be  at  once 
turned  over  to  the  Committee  and  acknowledged  in  The  Journal. 

Yours  truly, 

(Jd&toi  /f/66cacud/ 


B  Hawthorne  Avenue 

East  Orange,  IT.  J. ,  April  17,1902 

Mr.  J,  Lawrence, 

2  Whitehall  nourt, 

London,  s.  V/.,  Eng . 

Lear  Sir: 

I  shall  ask  you  to  treat  this  letter  as  conf idontial,  as  I 
am  writing  it  without  K r.  F.di son's  knowledge  and  on  my  ovm  responsi- 
hility;  I  am  impelled  to  do  it  as  1  have  seen  for  some  time  past, 
a  decided  tendency  to  depart  from  the  met, hods  and  appliances  that 
Hr.  Edison  has  worked  out  in  the  last  ten  years  at  very  great  ooBt 
in  money  and  very  hard  labor. 

Permit  me  first  to  state  that  I  do  not  in  any  way  intend 
what  I  shall  say  as  a  criticism  as.  to  Hr.  Simpkin's  ability,  as  we  arfe 
free  to  say  that  he  in  the  best  man  for  Vforking  out.  details,  from 
Mr.  Edison's  general  plans,  that  we  have  ever  had;  my  criticism 
is  rather  that  lie  has  had  absolutely  no  experience  in  iron  ore 
concentration  and  with  his  tendency  to  change,  1  can  see  the  possi¬ 
bility  of  much  money  being  spent,  in  making  necessary  ohanges  after 
the  plant  is  in  operation,  and  it.  is  this  fact  that  leads  me  now  t,o 
call  your  attention  to  the  matter. 

As  you  already  know  the  restate  ,  Kr.  Edison  obtained  in 
the  iron  ore  concentration,  have  all  bean  arrived  at  by  actual 
tests  and  experiments  and  in  the  paBt,  we  have  been  fooled  so  often  by 
selfevident  improvements  proving  to  be  failures,  that  on  our  cement 
works  we  have  made  it  a  rule  not  to  make  any  change  whatever  until 

actual  tests  had  proved  the  change s  were  desirable,  and  this  rule 
has  been  oarried  out  with  no  exceptions,  and  lias  taken  considerable 
extra  tine,  but  we  feel  sure  of  practically  everything  we  have  in 
the  cm ient  plant. 

Concentrating  iron  ore  is  a  very  much  more  difficult 
problem  than  making  cement  and  I  want  to  put,  myself  on  record,  that 
from  my  experience  of  over  ten  years,  I  would  consider  it  a  most 
dangerous  proceeding  to  make  any  changes  from  "r.  Edison's  plan3  and 
appliances  unless  such  changes  were  fully  proved  to  be  desirable 
after  severe  tests  in  proper  and  experienced  hands,  for  the  reason 
•  already  stated,  that  so  many  self-evident  improvements  do  not  "pan  out,  " 
and  what  we  now  have,  has  been  bought,  by  bitter  experience. 

As  you  are  aware  the  general  plan  and  scope  of  the  new 
cement  plant,  was  laid  out,  by  Hr.  Edison  before  any  of  us  ever  heard 
of  Hr.  Eimpkin  and  the  plans  were  well  \mder  way  before  he  became 
associated  with  us,  it  is,  however,  only  fair  to  say  that,  he  has 
been  of  great  assistance  in  working  out,  details  under  Ur.  Edison's 
directions  but  he  is  not  entitled  to  any  credit  as  to  the  general 
plan  or  arrangement.. 

"hen  we  started  on  the  cement,  plans  we  made  it  a  rule  that 
no  work  should  be  done  or  material,  ordered  from  any  blue  print,  unless 
the  blue  print,  had  on  it.  Hr.  Edison's  initials,  but  owing  to  Hr. 
Edison's  illness  and  absence  so  much  during  this  past  year,  we  have 
not  been  able  to  oarry  out  the  rule  in  every  case,  and  have  been 
compelled  at  times  to  let  prints  go  through  without  hiB  initials, 
and  as  everything  connected  with  the  cement,  v/orks  has  gone  through 
my  hands,  X  think  1  fun  right,  in  stating  that  even  with  all  our  care, 
we  have  liad  some  changes  to  make  after  the  particular  work  was  com- 

#3.  .T.  Ji, 

pie  ted  or  partly  completed,  and  in  every  case  it  has  been  found,  that 
the  work  was  clone  from  prints  that  were  not  initialed  hy  nr.  Edison. 

I  trust  you  will  appreciate  the  spirit  in  whioh  7.  write 
this  letter  and  accept  it  in  the  same  spirit,  X  have  no  desire  to 
shake  your  confidence  the  slightest  decree  in  Kr.  Eimpkin,  hut  from 
experience  I  am  confident  that  no  man  oan  successfully  design  or 
■build  a  plant  for  concentrating  iron  ore  and  make  it  a  commercial 
success  unless  he  iias  had  such  actual  experience  as  Kr.  Edison  has 
had,  and  I  also  believe  that  if  ohanges  are  permitted  in  I*r .  Edison's 
designs  and  plans,  without  the  actual  tests  already  mentioned,  that 
there  is  every  reason  to  believe  you  will  find  further  ohanges 
necessary,  before  the  plant  becomes  a  commercial  success,  and  such 
changes  are  expensive . 

I  shf.ll  close  by  asking  a^ain  that  you  will  treat  this  as 
strictly  confidential. 

Hinoe rely  yours, 

American  Telephone  and  Telegraph  Company. 


BOSTON,  May  1,  1902. 




Richard  N.  Dyer,  Esq., 

31  Nassau  Street, 

New  York. 

My  dear  Dyer: 

I  have  not  been  in  Now  York  for  a  long  time,  and 
therefore  have  been  unable  to  soe  you. 

I  have  read  your  petition  and  brief  for  the  writ  of 
certiorari  in  the  Edison  case,  and  do  not  think  that  you  can 
say  any  more  than  you  have  said.  I  of  course  have  very  little 
confidence  that  the  Supreme  Court  will  grant  the  writ. 

Very  truly  yours, 

riu-y  yours, 


I  bag  to  enol08e  draft  of  a  letter  which  I  think  is  the  kijid  of 
'thing  Mr.  stieringer  would  like  to  have  you  sign.  Of  oouree  you 
will  modify  it  in  any  way  you  ohoose. 

Tours  truly. 

llay  7th,  1908. 


Draft  of  a  Letter* 
t*  c*  Martin,  ssq*t 
1X4  Liberty  St*, 

Hew  Wrk  Oity. 

My  dear  Mr,  Martin:- 

1  an  in  reoelpt  of  your  favor  in  which  you  state  that 
the  name  of  Mr,  stieringer  has  been  suggested  in  oonneotlon  with 
the  Franklin  institute  medals,  and  that  in  a  reoent  conversation 
with  Mr,  stieringer  that  gentleman  expressed  a  desire  te  seoure* 
if  possible*  some  brief  statement  from  myself  giving  an  opinion 
as  to  his  work  in  el eo trio  Illumination*  his  desire  being*  as  1 
understand  it*  to  lnolude  euoh  letter  amongst  his  documents  m 
the  oase, 

I  have  much  pleasure  therefore  in  conveying  through  you 
my  high  opinion  Of  the  great  utility  of  the  work  which  Ur,  Luther 
stieringer  has  done  in  the  development  and  perfeotlon  of  eleotrlo 
illumination*  particular  as  dependent  upon  the  incandescent  lamp. 
From  the  earliest  stages  of  my  work  in  the  invention  and  develop¬ 
ment  of  inoendesoent  lighting,  now  some  twenty-five  years*  X  have 
been  glad  to  avail  myself  of  the  pr&etloal  ideas  and  suggestions 
which  ur.  stieringer  derived  from  his  prior  experience  in  oonneot¬ 
lon  with  gas  lighting*  The  art  has  needed  a  great  many  refine¬ 
ments  adapting  it  to  better  use  and  insuring  the  highest  safety 
and  efflolenoy*  and  in  all  that  relates  to  the  eieetrlo  fixture 
art  ur*  stierlnger's  work  mus^ always  be  prominent, 

in  addition  to  this  it  is  well  known  «*  you  that  ur* 
stieringer  has  developed  pot  only  engineering  aptitudes  of  a  high 
order*  but  has  fWund  the  means  for  illustrating  the  superior  flex¬ 
ibility  of  the  eleotrlo  light  in  a  series  of  speotaeular  effeota, 



attending  over  a  period  of  the  last  twelve  years  at  leading 
Expositions  in  this  country,  notably  at  the  Chicago  World's  Pair 
In  1892,  and  culminating  in  the  display  at  the  Pan-JUnarioan  last 
year,  in  faot,  no  aoeount  of  the  development  of  deoorative 
lighting  in  Amerioa  would  be  oonplete  whioh  did  not  embraoe  the 
brilliant  and  successful  worjc  done  by  Ur,  stieringer. 

Trusting  that  the  above  notes  will  serve  as  a  satisfact¬ 
ory  answer  to  your  question,  and  that  Ur.  stieringer  may  again 
secure  the  reward  he  haB  oertalnly  earned  In  the  way  of  public 
recognition,  I  am, 

Toure  truly. 

May  7th,  1902 



fyxdU#  ^ 
[fUd*. Us 

Hay  9, 


Received  this  day  from  Hr.  J.  Hamer  hinder  containing 
various  papers,  contracts,  files  of  correspondence,  specifications  and 
estimates  for  railroad  material,  having  a  direct  or  indirect  hearing 
upon  rr.  Rdison’s  electric  railroads  at  Kanlo  Park  in  1800  fc  1881 
and  1888  ft  1805,  as  well  as  data  regarding  prospective  installations 
on  the  northern  Pacific  R.  R. ,  Manhattan  Elevated  R.  R.,  Rtaten  Island 
i'ennsylvwiia  R.  R.,  Switzerland,  Oo.  America,  Cuba,  and  elsewhere. 

It  contains  also  the  Rdison-Yillard  contraotj  the  Rdison-Biedermann 
contract;  electric  Railway  no.  of  the  II.  ",  agreement,  etc.  eto. 

These  papers  were  taken  hy  Y/i3.1 iam  .T,  Hammer  from  Hr.  Rdison's  private 
archives  at  the  Rdison  I.ahoratory  in  spring  of  If, OR  hy  permission  of 
:  r.  .Id :i. son  for  use  of  the  Hoard  of  Patent  fiontrol  in  the  Oiamon's  case 
and  returned  hy  bill ium  .T .  Harrier  to  Hr.  Rdison's  Laboratory  on  Huy 
9th,  1908. 

The  above  inoludes  matter  referred  to  in  Mr.  Hamer's 
letters  to  V.  J ,  .Tenks  dated  March  88,  1898  and  April  8,  1898  and 
throe  page  memorandum  marked  in  blue  pencil  A.  73.  0.,  also  jldison 
scrap  book  ,  entitled  "Rlootr.ioity  and  Railways." 

Id  <*-,/> 


4)  K4o 

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May  14th.  1902. 

hear  Mr.  Mallory, 

5  X  am  much  obliged  by  your  letter,  and  have 
made  a  note  of  what  you  say. 

The  funder land  Company  (although  the  issue  was 
underwritten),  did  not  receive  that  hearty  support  from  the 
pUblio  that  we  ^^peoted.  There  were  various  causes  for  this. 
One  was  the  lylpg  telegrams  that  came  from  the  Press  Agencies 
in  TTew  York  stating  that  the  process  had  not  been  a  commercial 
success  in  America.  Another  reason  was  the  .fact  that  publics' 
confidence  has  not  been  restored  after  the  exhausting  effect 
of  the  war,  which  has  left  all  securities  largely  depreciated 
in  value.  Perhaps  the  most  potent  cause,  however,  was 
that  the  general  investing  public  who  ordinarily  run  after 
suoh  investments,  did  not  look  With  favour  on  this  Company, 
and  the  Stock  Exchange  and  brokers  were  against  the  issue 
because  we  gave  better  terms  of  commission  to  ironmasters  and 
others  than  to  stockbrokers.  The  Stock  Exchange  always  likes 
to  have  the  best  terms  for  itself.  xt  doeB  not  like  outsiders 
being  treated  more  favourably.  X,  myself,  have  always  been 


in  favour  of  one  uniform  rate  of  commission,,  and  X  think  we 
oouid  have  arranged  this  by  getting  the  ironmasters  to  take  a 
less  prioe  for  the  ore  in  proportion  to  the  stock  they  held 
in  the  Company.  But  this  was  hot  to  be;  a  good  many  persons 
who  had  not  the  requisite  experience  in  these  matters  thought 
differently  . 

Yours  faithfully. 

W.  S.  Mallory  Esq. 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Mr.  W.  E.  Gilmore, 
Orange , 


Dear  Sir:- 

Please  let  me  know  the  shop  cost,  plus  general  expense 
with'.  2f$  added,  also  a  manufacturing  profit  of  25^  added,  on  the 
heavy  wire  lamp  guards  which  you  made  for  the  Cement  V/orkB . 

I  want  to  take  the  matter  up  with  Upton  and  see  what  can  he  done 
towards  selling  some  of  them. 

Kindly  let  me  have  this  information  as  soon  as  possible. 

WILLIAM  j  jammer, 



jm  W  YORK,  Mir  31a  t,  1903 .  igQ 


Thoinas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  H.  S. 

Dear  Sir:- 

in  reply  to  your  favor  of  Hay  29th,  I  write  to  state  that 
the  parties  referred  to  in  ray  letter  of  Hay  27th,  whom  I  had  sounded 
on  the  subject  of  your  electrolytic  patent  were^/aues  c  McGuire  of 
20  Cor t land t  Street,  who  was  formerly  the  Hew  York  representative  of 
the  Pittsburg  Keduction  Company,  and  who  has  an  extensive  knowledge 
on  the  subject  of  electrolytic  work  and  a  very  largo  experience  in 
the  production  a:.d  utilisation  of  aluminum;  and  the  other  gentleman 
is  Hr.  Charles  3.  Bradley,  who  is  prominently  identified  with  the 
Ampere  Electrical  Company  and  several  other  electro-chemical  con¬ 
cerns,  and  whom  you  will  doubtless  recollect  as  one  of  the  old  Edison 

I  aid  glad  to  near  that  the  Marconi  business  is  progressing. 

It  may  interest  you  to  know  that  I  had  a  few  lines  from  Dr. 
Muir head  recently,  and  he  said  that  he  had  been  endeavoring  to  get 
over  to  this  side  of  the  water  ever  since  the  first  of  the  year,  but 
that  he  had  found  it  impossible  to  do  so.  He  mentioned  incidentally 
his  difficulty  in  getting  answers  to  his  letters  written  to  you. 

I  have  had  my  passage  engaged  for  Europe  for  several  months 
and  may  sail  on  the  11th  of  June.  My  family  is  going  abroad',  and 

T.  A.  3.  -3-  ‘  5/31/02 

certain  business  matters  have  come  up  which  may  talcs  me  there  at 
that  time,  although  there  are  other  pressing  matters  here  'which  are 
malting  it  very  difficult  "or  me  to  get  array. 

If  I  go  1  shall  probably  be  array  two  months,  and  if  there 
is  anything  in  connection  with  your  foreign  interests  in  which  X  can 
be  of  service  it  is  needless  for  me  to  3tato  that  I  shall  be  most 
pleased  to  loo1:  after  the  same. 

I  have  received  the  letter  from  *5r.  Phillip  K.  stern  and 
than!:  you  for  referring  him  to. me,  and  shall  be  glad  to  assist  him 
in  the  matter  if  he  calls  upon  me. 

Yours  very  truly, 

O'  '  <7 

^vaj^/7 <?$0cc/.ylj!£#3-s/s 

SVca-' Jzw’/'y.--  June  13th,  ngng.  s/.O 
-*<k)  <-*fV  — -»r^Siiiii— t 

ftr*- — *  — -s^-o  W^J?-J  Ac)"^-«^_ 

feviMi1  r^^-nt^ 

state  of  New  Jersey  at  the  St.  Louis 

Zfaiy!7e*>o’  /t£//  /J'Stfflree# 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

I  do  not  know  as  If  told  you  that}  I  had  been 
one  of  the  Commissioners  for  the  ^SeVofTOv/^rsey^~t3 

Exposition,  and  naturally  1  am  very  mudlTYnt^r^steTTrf^ll^ t he  exhibits 
from  our  own  State.  I  hope  that  your  Comp’ahy  will  wSrta/nly  make  a 
fine  showing  there,  and  assure  you  that  anything  inS  pXe*  which  will 
further  suoh  exhibit  is  quite  at  your  disposal.  /  j/ 

I.  am  in  hopes  of  inducing  Mr.  Dredge  to  stir  up  the 
British  interests  and  am  writing  to  him  on  the  subject  to-day.  I  have 
also  made  an  article  for  "Engineering"  describing  the  visit  of  the 
Mining  Engineers  to  your  cement  works  and  have  said  a  few  things  about 
you  which  X  am  quite  prepared  to  back  up. 

With  regards  and  best  wishes,  X  remain, 

Yours  truly, 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esi. 

Orange,  Jf.  .T. 

Dear  Sir:- 

On  the  13th  inst.,  the  Committee  of  Arrangements  having  in  charge 
the  details  of  the  excursion  to  he  given  by  The  Edison  Employees  on  Aug. 
30th,  1001 ,  held  a  meeting,  perfected  a  permner.t  organisation  and.  unani¬ 
mously  elected  you  an  honorary  member  of  their  body. 

It  is  the  desire  of  our  Association  to  make  thin  affair  a  social 
success,  a;:!  that  as  a  result,  the  employees  of  the  various  Edison  interests 
may  hoc 7. io  better  acquainted  and  socially  closer  affiliated, 

V/o  enclose  you  a  ticket  with  our  compliments  and  express  the  hope 
that  you  will  join  with  our  efforts  to  make  this  affair  a  success,  and  that 
you  will  ho  able  to  be  present  with  ns  on  the  above  date. 

Yours  truly, 







Locust  Point,  Long  Island  Sound, 

Saturday,  August  30th,  1P02. 

TICKETS,  -  -  -  $1.00. 

l.iKlil  Dock, 


'  Superintendent's  Office.  Ne^orkAj^xJ soth  1902. . 

memorandum  to . John  F . Randolph  j&g . J  WP  '  \ /  / . 

/ _ ^  V// 



Personal. ; 


Superintendent’s  Office,  New  York.  Aug  20th  1902. 

memorandum  to . „...Ttoos...A.,Mi.s.on..E$a.. . .Qrange„.«...!L . . . . 

if  you  will  give  me  a  Job  it  will  be  acceptable.  I  ..tried  Gilmore  but  he  1 
said  he  could  not  place  me?  I  do  not  think  you  have  a  position  as  sales 
man  at  your  disposa],  and  as  there  will  be  none  for  some  time  to  come  on 
your  new  battery  I  thought  that  you  might  have  Mallory  place  me  in  the 
shop  so  that  I. could  earn  my  living- and  at  the  same  time  become  familiar 
with  the  work  of  making  up  the  battery  so  that  when  the  time  came  I. would 
be  equipped  to  take  active  participation. in  some  department  of  sales 
with  a  full  knowledge  of  the  business... 

I  will  be  greatly  obliged  if  you  will  do  this 
for  me  at  once  as  I  am  actually. in  need  of  work  and  although  I  have  tried 
every  one  I  knpw  here  can  get  nothing,  this  is  not  a  question  of  large  , 
pay  all. I  want. is  to  get  a  living  and  right  now....  Please  reply 
at  once  and  oblige. ; 

Yours  Faithfully. 

Qire  fc  Direct  Cable  Co  #60  New  St.  ^KUh  Jr 

PKv«o  Qs  . 


J.  L.  Young 

NEW  YORK.  69  Fore  Street,  Moor  gate  Street, 

Manufacturer.  of  Stonoll  Paper,  and  Ink.  for,  aud'Wlylo.alo  Dealers  In  FOtldOU,  England. 



Manufacturing  Co.,  Ltd., 

(E.t.bu.hod  1889)  ,1e01, 

Typewriter  Ribbons,  Pads,  Carbons,  “  Batswing:”  and  best  brands.  “Simplex”  and  “Eureka” 
Letter  Copiers.  Brass-bound  and  Rubber  Copying:  Cloths.  “Sexupiex”  Invoice  and  B/L  Copier. 

Contractors  to  H.M.  Stationery^Offloo.^L.C.C.,  L.S.B.,  Cape  and  many  Colonial  and 


6  32  CENTRAL. 

August  26th  1902. 

Thomas  A  Edison  Esq,. 
Dear  Sir, 

I  have  asked  Mr  Grqf  (  Mark  Graf  )  who  is  in  London  represent¬ 
ing  the  National  Phonograph  Company,  to  give  me  a  position  in  the  busines 
if  he  can  see  his  way  to  utilize  my  services. 

I  would  be  glad  if  you  could  say  a  word  for  me  in  the  matter 
as  I  have  had,  in  the  past,  to  bear  all  the  brunt  of  the  burden  of  the 
litigation  and  have  spent  on  it  my  own  and  my  wifes  fortune. And  I  have 
been  loyal  all  through  and  not  gone  over  to  the  enemy  as  others  have 
done  and  as  I  was  importuned  to  do. 

A  word  from  you  would  oost  you  nothing  and  it  would  do  me  graet 
deal  of  good.  With  best  wishes. 

Yours  faithfully 


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Wa  ara  talcing  the  liberty  of  sending 
you  a  eet  of  six  volumes  of  "Little  Master- 
pleoes  of  Science,"  edited  by  George  lies, 
which  we  have  just  published  In  oo-operatlon 
with  "The  Review  of  Reviews."  (You  may  poss¬ 
ibly  have  heard  of  the  literary  sets  of 
"Little  MasterpleosB"  formerly  Issued).  So 
many  thousand  Bets  of  these  books  are  being 
distributed  through  the  agenoy  of  that  maga¬ 
zine  that  they  have  really  become  no  inconsid¬ 
erable  factor  In  diffusing  really  good  liter¬ 
ature  to  as  wide  a  market  as  that  reached  by 
many  popular  novels.  This  fact  and  the 
intrinsic  value  of  the  contents  has  oaused 
un  to  hope  that  the  set  may  be  of  sufficient 
intorest  to  you  for  you  to  care  either  to 
review  it  somewhere,  or  to  let  us  have  your 
opinion  in  regard  to  it.  Wo  need  not  say  that 
this  i 3  entirely  a  suggestion,  and  wa  do  not 
wish  you  to  fool  at  all  obliged  to  oomply  with 

In ; 

the  set  with’ 

case,  we  hope  you  will  acoopt 
compliments,  and  believe  us, 
Very  truly  yours, 

1902.  Edison,  T. A.  -  Articles  (D-02-07) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  requesting  Edison  to  write  articles 
and  letters  from  journalists  seeking  to  interview  him.  Included  are  letters  from 
Samuel  Insult  and  from  John  Paul  Bocock  of  the  North  American  Review. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
items  not  selected  consist  primarily  of  requests  for  statements  and  interviews 
that  received  only  a  perfunctory  response  from  Edison. 



West  Orange, N.J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

in  to  us- the  enclosed  interview  with  you.  Before  printing  it, we  beg  to 
submit  it  to  you  for  your  revision  and  verification,  in  order  that  no 
mistake  will  bo  made  or  injustice  done  you. 

We  enclose  stamped  envelope  in  which  you  may  return  the  MSS, if 
it  is  all  right. 

We  thank  you  in  advance  for  the  courtesy  and  time  reading  it. 

YourB  veiy  truly, 

Care  Edison's  Laboratory 

Orange,  N.J. 

My  Dear  Sir: 

Some  time  in  1384  or  1885  I  wrote  an  article  on  the 
Commercial  Evolution  of  Electricity.  The  article  was  signed  by  Mr. 

Edison  and  published  in  a  number  of  newspapers  throughout  the  United 
States  by  a  syndicate  run  by  the  then  Editor  of  the  North  American 
Review,  Thorndyke  Rice.  I  have  been  looking  for  a  copy  of  this  article 
for  a  long  time  past  and  have  been  very  anxious  to  get  it,  but  I  have 
never  been  able  to  find  a  copy  amongst  my  old  papers.  It  mhst  be  some¬ 
where  in  Mr.  Edison's  scrapbook,  and  if  you  could  look  for  it  and  have 
it  typewritten  for  me  I  should  be  very  much  obliged.  At  the  time  I 
wrote  it  I  lived  at  245  Eifth  Avenue,  New  York,  and  our  office,  that  i3, 
Mr.  Edison’s  office,  was  on  the  top  floor  of  65  Eifth  Avenue.  I  think  you 
occupied  the  office  with  me.  Of  course  if  you  have  a  spare  printed 
copy  in  your  scrapbook  I  would  prefer  to  have  this  rather  than  a  type¬ 
written  copy,  but  in  any  event  I  would  like  to  know  the  name  of  the 
newspaper  from  which  the  article  is  copied.  There  is  one  statement  that 
I  remember  making  in  the  article  that  might  possibly  enable  you  to 
identify  it.  I.  remember  referring  to  Mr.  Edison's  work  on  the  Gold 
Stock  Ticker  as  being  the  first  work  of  a  remunerative  character  done  by 
him  as  an  inventor.  If  you  come  across  an  article  that  you  think  is  the 


(J  T  R) 

one  I  want ,  if  you  3how  it  to  Gilmore  he  may  recognize  it  if  you  cannot 
remember  it. 

Yours  truly 


•  cA^WvJL. 

UyJUiJCv  (K^O  sj ftsL^euuu 

I  yu^>rr-e4^  /^^ly  - 

|  yyKXM^oj  C^^&snrf/tZ&  C\A^~Qs*-eJ^  ^n/L  \7 

'  cJl<x  <yn£^  \? 

j  —  /{L(aA~^4  (h0^)  l™**,:-a**.  -7U)  1NAmMq~ 

!■  tJkjUj  h<UA~  (Kj^uaa7 oJ^U^ 

/ifc  SUztez*.  IkJo  tdL. 

r\  _  ,  -  .  n  ■  D  >Hko-«  Nl 

i,  lA  (P-u/f'  t 'hM^T  4*UmT  cfrjmh  ew, 

:{  ^Pn/iT  <}&.  fylo^eS  '  Wu  iCr^OcLCe,  Sj^dc&tcei'  i-J 

ftHwr'C-  UH/di  j 

••  4-^r  '] 

C c?c(c^x,  Kv  J 7/C '.(A,-.  t<^^ey-u£^~^a^tre^  $Ci  j 


4^-t r^y'i^rfLji  F^jdejuJ^W^Jl  fer-t <l, fuH 

■  :  <  0  -* - .  V 

xr-  m^-e-Mxtc-<m<»  , 

^  /  '  1  i  '  ^ 


1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Clubs  and  Societies  (D-02-09) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison's  membership  and  activities  in  social  clubs  and  professional  societies. 
Some  of  the  items  bear  perfunctory  Edison  marginalia,  often  stating  that  he  is 
too  busy  or  is  not  feeling  well  enough  to  attend  social  functions.  Others,  such 
as  a  banquet  invitation  from  the  Committee  for  the  Entertainment  of  President 
Roosevelt,  contain  the  notation,  "no  ans." 

Approximately  30  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  Items 
not  selected  consist  primarily  of  requests  that  Edison  declined  and  invitations 
to  which  he  did  not  respond. 

£/  January  20,  1902. 

January  29th,  1902. 

H.».  »«a.  A.  Edison ,  \  r  |  tfcrt  Jt  no 

XlMrelln  ParA  Hew  j/rsey.  <j\u>t£4 

>  \  .  /  VAm;  iXiXv»\\  (J1V  t/W-vv.&  C& 

The  Lariba  CluV  ofWow  Yorfe  City,  which  as  you  prol&bly 

J[  >"-*-/»-  <X~  lJTOT  e\.  A-CXa-/ 

know  is  the  representative  AdtorB  oluh.  have  an 

Sunday  evening,  February  9th. 

i  oluh,  have  an  entertainment 

long  the  featurejP^hioh  will  grace 

that  oocasion  are  t 

)  pictures  which  have  been  taken  under  the 

direction  of  your  Mr.  Wite,  who  ht^  been  most  courteous  to  us,  and 
we  have  thought  that  possibly  it  might\be  a  pleasure  for  you  to 
attend  the  entertSiiimeht,  whioh  will  be  followed  on  Sunday  evening 
by  the  usual  banquet./  X, 

You  need  hive  no  fear  of  being  called  upoh^to  speak,  if 
your  wish  is  to  the /contrary,  and  a  room  at  the  Club  House,  No .  70 
West  36th  street,  will  be  set  apart  for  your  use  during  the  night, 
so  that  you  will  nojt  have  to  return  to  Orange,  should  this  arrange¬ 
ment  be  convenient  for  you. 

Inasmuch  as  the  piotures  have  been  taken  of  the  leading 
men  in  the  profession  who  are  now  in  New  York,  and  knowing,  the 
great  pleasure  whioh  it  would  give  them  to  have  you  in  attendance 

Hon.  T.  A.  E.  No.  2. 

on  that  evening,  I  sincerely  hope  that  you  can  find  it  convenient 
to  strain  a  point  and  come  over  and  he  with  us. 

The  lambs  Club*s  Gambols  are  invariably  a  source  of 
pleasure  and  interest,  and  I  think  we  can  guarantee  you  a  compen¬ 
sation  for  the  trouble  of  the  trip.  I  should  be  very  g3ad  if  you 
will  let  me  hear  from  you,  and  in  the  meantime,  I  remain, 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

The  Banquet  recently  tendered  the  Ambassador  of  France  by 
the  “Legionnaires”  residing  in  this  country  emphasized  the  advisa¬ 
bility  of  having  a  Directory  of  citizens  of  the  United  States  who 
have  been  admitted  by  France  into  the  Legion  of  Honor. 

This  Directory  should  be  more  than  a  list-  of  names  and 
addresses;  it  should  contain  brief  biographical  sketches  of  all 
“Legionnaires”  so  that  each  person  may  know  something  about  all 
of  his  colleagues  in  the  Order. 

You  are  therefore  requested  to  correct  and  fill  out  the  enclosed 
blank  and  return  it  at  your  earliest  convenience  to  the  undersigned 
who  has  volunteered  to  supervise  the  publication  of  the  work 
referred  to. 

Very  truly  yours, 

May,  9th.,  1902 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq. 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Bear  Mr.  Edison- 

I  learn  that  the  American  Society  of 
Electrical  Engineers  are  to  meet  in  Great 
Barrington  about  the  17th  of  June  and  presum¬ 
ing  that  you  will  be  one  of  the  distinguished 
guests,  I  take  great  pleasure  in  offering  you 
the  hospitality  of  Hotel  Asp inwall  as  my  guest. 
You  have  been  with  me  in  my  former  interests. 
Magnolia  Springs  and  Hotel  Champlain  and  I  de- 

pany  you,  the  invitation  is  extended  to  them. 
With  best  wishes,  I  am 

M  C^tkZl  2  1 ZuGxOM. 

,rcw j  Q—C-' 

|VUrf  && 

do- n vc—  b-odh  k A? 

(X#  c(_^oo  e-eC  aJLo  s(J2-u 

i  see  me  in  my  march  of  improve-' 

ment.  Presuming  that  your  family  will  accom- 

Mr.'S.  4.  Edison. 

Orange.  N.-J. 

My  Dear  Mr. Edison: 

Tb’is.  is  serely  to  rsnind  you  of  the  ki-nd  oroaise  you  aade  to  ae 
during  our  excursion  to  your  Stewartsville  Oeaent  plant  to  give  the  old  franklin 
Institute  a  lift.  You  sill  recall  the  fact  that  I  requested,  and  you  Droaised 
to  give  us  an  evening  when  you  would  present  in  a  oouular  way  soae  of  your 

Ks  are  nos  asking  uo  our  schedule  and  I  would  orefer  to  have  you 
take  part  in  our  regular  popular  lecture  course  which  are  usually  given  on 
Friday  evenings  in  the’  tenths  of  October.  Koveaber,  -January  and  February,  in  the 
Y.M.O.A.  Ball. with  sterootican  illustrations. 

I  wish  you  would  let  ae  hear  froa  you  in  regard  to  the  aatter  and 
we  will  try  and  fit  you. 





Young.  Men’s  Christian  Associations  of  New  Jersey. 


NEWARK,  N.  J.  •- 




Mr#  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park, Orange, 
Dear  Mr*  Edison: — 

CL  atsU  - " 


In  accordance  with  your  suggestion  when  Mr.  Johnson  of 
our  State  Committee  and  myself  called  upon  you  the  other  evening  at  your 
home,  I  write  to  ask  if  you  will  he  so  kind  as  to  send  us  at  this  time  a 
the  amount  of  your  contribution  ($100.00).  Check  flor  the  same  may  he 
drawn  to  the  order  of  Frederic  M.  Geer,  Treasurer. 

As  we  have  some  large  obligations  maturing  at  this  season  of 
the  year  we  would  greatly  appreciate  receiving  the  above. 

Thanking  you  for  the  interest  you  have  manifested  in  our  en¬ 
deavors  to  reach  the  mechanics  of  our  state  through  the  educational  shop 
meetings  and  evening  classes,  and  thus  get  them  off  the  streets  at  night, 
and  prepare  them  for  better  oitizenship,  I  am, 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

Philadelphia,  ^Sept.  2, \  1902. 

T.  A.  Edison,' 
Orange,  N.  J., 

Some  time  ago  A  wrote  yo L  in  reference  to  your 
kind  promise  to  give  the  Eranklin  Irtetitu/e  an  evening,  some  time 

during  the  coming  season,  hut  you  replied  that  you  were  too  busy  at 
that  time  to  give  the  matter  attentionA. 

I  realize  how  difficult  it  would/be  for  you  to  fix  a  time,  hut 

as  we  have  eight  months  of  active  vj^ork  ‘before  us,  there  can  he  considt 
erable  latitude  allowed  on  this,  a^d  if  you  woVjld  arrange  to  he  with 
at  one  of  the  regular  monthly  meetings  of  the  Institute;  (schedule#, 
for  the  third  week  of  each  month)/  I  would  he  glad  np  announce  this 
fact,  or  we  could  have  a  special  Leeting  of  a  Seotion\t  some  other 
time.  I  \ 

What  I  would  like  now  is, to/ have  authority  to  say,  that  ddring 
the  coming  season  of  activity  you  would  present  some  descriptions  of 
the  new  things  in  the  development  of  which  you  have  home  such  a 

Please  present  my  coBiplikents  to  Mrs  Edison. 

iQzrOJl/ll  : 

7(o -ffo- 

UfiTLcdjt^  ^  tsj^  Urt&L  IAmH  /p  jjr/' 

Ljcru  ^  (J-U^^uz-  jjrT  OLA  t/Uj  -  fe&tce  cru/O  O  jjv7 

CUU^LLcdl  4^MjSx^tXu^jC  ^LU$"  M^suU  ,  ffa  OJUL 

k'/'-  CuuL^ 

C&lttcuj  Ua.  fl/teL^  Isufy 

UjuMc,  (JiuJl~  <^?c/U2c7 ^ 

(sis  ^66&  Uxi  L*-+- 

1/jlTli  dAS&t/y€-  '^L&s)  faiAAjic@,  L^ir s  £^<J  Chaazsl.  (y/ 

iZuVUL  Ua-  f^3T djvcc^i-  V  lArtMl  @<nULu£^ l  , 

tL  \cunrT  7j  (rvc  tld  /^TC Icca^jl^^u 

7(S$~ ftfcLa  IA^c^j^  , 


1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Family  (D-02-11) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  by  and 
about  Edison's  family.  Included  are  numerous  letters  concerning  Thomas  A. 
Edison,  Jr.,  his  relationship  with  his  father,  and  his  attempt  to  sell  the  right  to 
use  his  name.  Also  included  are  items  pertaining  to  William  Leslie  Edison, 
Mina  Miller  Edison,  and  John  V.  Miller. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected  except  for  duplicates. 

Garvin’,  j 

time  this 
and  ask  hi 
these  pap e 

erring  to  the  attached,  try  and  get  out  these  records 
week,  and  when  they  are 'ready,  notify  Mr.  J.  V.  Miller 
m  where  he  wants  them  delivered.  After  you  are  through 





_  ££•'  £ 

_*  ■/// 

Me  f/i&Jca.^  rd Meyiee***  cC  •yp^/' az^,zu^£77^>  /dc  ~//%e> 

^ '^rytz) 

-^il/.rzl  c^mit  V  Ki&cZrfs  a^/ifev  ykzy'^a't^ <&  ^c£.  - 

Mj  ^ T&yzecf**  cC^/bzz//-??r& yfaj^  @t>7s£t/zf//&<c&  ql, _ 

/^r£a<d  <3&7£??;zs,r-^~tf-v<d  q>i  /fl-'yuisC aC£~d  <^7/r/&di4  -d^yUc&S 

sfopacJl  4^' ,& rf-7t'ts*t0*7^~ ~//t£  -f^avZy  j r  ^./^e^/cC-^a^A feegdjC _ 

$fris/<ia,4.ta  ^]Mrirf?u£+*7*~tf  J^iscy  Ar/ffa  4 £0.7^ J&tarf Ut.  7i4z /Sccjv'U _ 

*  c$jtcaa-//e6  o$r£%hrj  04.  do}  £//d  % 

\  ¥th/'J&t'vf  tfffrblil  Q7i#f  Me- 
V  /  K 


$JZ  ,£e^f?rcC 

-Jmi4  '/lo  -/■Uub/  @olA&iu/  jt-£tary)/&/c/~,6  fid ySazfa  y///d<ze&z*^) 

-^dtf fro  fid ytJ/v  Svnj^' ^t-r»>  c^^u&^^0d7'&zrd.(^£i£7s00.00^) 

j  (2j  ofir/z/z/rir/to  fir /Ut<?4 i7£c7i>/d O-/ edfLcc**-*^/'- _ 

;  o-ddcb  ^ _ _ _ ^ _ _ 

I  JPeM'&tttCet  a>2£  /^(r/t'£/u-s/l'}ya.  y/lt^PT’-dC  &fi  fiu?  #TPr»  fid 

/  ^  4/lc.^-  tdvnfi.fid^  /*d  iottU-T-a-fiCc  -4>  ,-a.  <rvt  ' 

?^L^#2L  Ct>4fi'U  fi//d  aefi ddd  cyfi&dn cy  -/fid 

J!*  -4—  /  J24cj  fidie-df  a  <d& 'zttd.  fidLdrfd fibtrta.tnt<!) 

Co  OrtJ  Az/af/fiq'  ccyfitn/ fi/d  Tzcfitf-  t/ie-s^fex/-  ac/sM<*7*j%#j£v'\ 

fi)/d  aud/fiba  2/ ~/4c  ~4fa2tij  7v  77um  Tchid-Ue/s— — 

C/vd  flii&cqtita  qy  Me  y&i.£uj  /z)  77i£d&  pno.iu/0 _ _ _ _ 

vinw^wid  ct-rflcu.  j-l  -  tL  -^eJu*  ~jL~dfc~-  -i.W  ■tfz.-u’.lvdz  odet dfided  4L,t^ 

/)..J)  Oi~D~‘ hfL  d~.i  n,..j  tl.t,.*  1  .L^-f-  ,JL-i  ~—-f1x~. 

J&ML...fedb.fihitr.  gicW  <Xm.<L  ^UuO  'j 
$\vj jiC  |goVX-tww  at- _ _ _ _ _ •,•  jJy&>ueC  1 

J<  ej-n+tL  -J  ^'Aqpusto  - 

Dear  Sir: 

Before  I  write  to  Mr.  Gilmore  in  regard,  to  the  aooount  I 

want  to  "be  sure  that  the  amount  io  correot.  The  letter  which  I 

enclose  addressed  to  me  does  not  figure  up  $375  as  being  due  him. 

The  way  I  make  i^  from  the  letter  is  as  follows: 

Boat  8  months  at  $50  per  month  $400.00 

Less  Gash  Paid  50-.0Q 

350. bO 

Boat  Lost  50.00 

400. 00 

Am’t.  deducted  for  Repairs  50.00 
Balance  Due.  $350.00 

Kindly  let  mo  know  whioh  1b  oorrect  $350  or  $375, 
to  settle  the  matter  with  Mr.  Gilmore  some  way,  and  oblige, 
Yours  truly, 

as  I  wish 


ot»~  '  lylAjJLdU.lL  AAlitA.  •jjl 1AJV  nLfdjj  — 






S ,  MONTHS  RENT  OF  BOAT— $50.00  PER,  MONTH - $400,00 

TO  ONE  BOAT  LOST - - - - $  60.00 

.  TO  f BROKEN .  WINDOWS-REF.L— OILCDPS - - - $  >  25.00 


AM’T  DEDUCTED  -$50. 00-CASH— $60.00  REPAIRS - $100.00 

BALANCE  DUE - $376.00 




JULY-26TH. 1902. 

I>.  13,  H.  Gilmour,  ®rq.,  .•  .•  •  • 

.  109  CiintoA  A*».»  ' 

,  ttwfrdrk,  S.-j.  ' 

I  "beg  iro  tpUMfr  ~hTn 

irbm  xsr  .  v.  ±.  Edison  *a »JSbB*dp  JShw  ' 

^r»8*ii  ^'!ywa  £-3&»a  ^tefee  made 

£  Xsrtt  Of  -t—-—  -i*Ooa 

4mn  \43jp 

a*  3F*r  nug  w>«®  Uiw1  ^^**'4^ 

IT.  T.  I  him.  -^aready  if"  #*&<  "hiai 

liable  underjsny  oondttt’oik.  Cfl^nojU  JS».  ^ 

■WJ41  ypuj&&t$ 

I  will  see  what  can  -Jjp  Jianec  Wa«  ^W^bdhs-a  webtl^t  between 
you  and  Viliam  X..  SdJ,eon."  /''.’•  ,  ^  \S  ;  ----- 

'  YourJ  ^Scsiay,  !r  ■<  •„  ‘*v 

[CA.  JULY,  1902] 



.MONTH  OR  $400.00  HAVING  PAID  HIM  $60.00  IN: ADVANCE  THAT  LEAVS  $375.00 
'w  DOST  HIS  EXTRA 'BOAT.  COSTING  A$5A-.OOMAKING :  A  TOTAL  ’OF'  $436.00.  • 





’ DID  :M0T  MPRCT  TO  j PAY  ;  BUT  OTHER  THINGS  COME  .  UP ,  A&)  ■  OtlR  V ALLOWANCE  i  IS 



get  over  as  long. as. I  LIVE.  r’ 







[CA.  JULY,  1902] 


PRIVATK  JCS'J'A'l'lfl  OJ<’  W.  T-i.  JCDISON.  ORANG1S.  NJflW  .7  ICRS  15 V. 



Cocker  Spaniels, 
.  Irish  Setters, 
English  Setters, 

Broken  Dogs. 
Stock  for  Sale. 
Dogs  at  Stud. 

th  Houses  and  Hotel: 
for  Supplies 
of  Eggs,  Chickens, 


;e,  Brant,  et 
in  Season. 

, My  dear.Johny:  .  „ 

A,  Mr  Gilncrar-  has  :  just  -  left ;  here  •  with-  a 
•letter- from,  me- to  you;Y<hen  you'  see  -  him-  kindly  -  say ■  thfwfc- 
.  my  -  father  -  is  not-,  responsible  •  for-,  any  -  of,  my  debts  -.  but 
•  that  you vwill write,  Mrs  Edison: and-  ask- her  -  to.  make 
monthly -payments.  Tha.bill-- in- question- is-  in-  regards 
the: boat  v/e  took  down  south;The-party- which: we- took 
down: with: us  has  gone:backon:us-and-we  haveto-.bear 
the: brunt  of  the:  whole  thingiTo^ do, -  what  I -.  ask  you  in 
his  -  letter  .  would  .be:  a :  sad  -.blow-  to-  us  as :  we  would  -  loos 

■  our:  home-, which: we- hope- to"  call  :our  home- soon, 

-  We  ■  can:-aff ord •  to  give  him  S20;0Q  -  a.  month:  and  probablw 

• S26.00:but .no. more; The:  real : amount" thatvwe  owe  him: is  \ 
$576.00 :  but :'  he  elaims  -  he  -  paid :  $66 . 00  ■  to '  have  the  .  boat 
sdntfrom'Phila'To  H.Y.  And- $30 .00  for -windows. 

■  T  got  the -.boat:  in:  a  .brokendown-  condition:  and*  he  -  expedfs 
;.  me  to: return  - it: in  good  condition.  Furthermore  there 
-•was  .no  -  agreement,  made:  and--  it:  was:not- necessary -  for.  me 

■  to "deliver : the: boat : at • the • place  'taken . from . 

-  He :  will  vnot  :  allow:  us for:  all  -  the:  repairs :  and  •  ther.e -.  we 
over  $200.00  of  them .before: we  got  to,  Manteo. 

■  We'  have  asked-  him- longAbefore  this •  toJ  send-- in-  hisVbill. 
.but  he  has  neglected -to' do' so: and: at" the- present • time 
: we  find : that .we -  cant " do -  it  . right: away, i;e.  pay  - it. 

■  Kindly. make: the .best: arrangement -  that  you • can: and  - let 
us  know: what  you  have  done: in  the.  matter. 

Your' sincere-friend, 





Leading  Strains  • 

Pure  Breed 
White  Wynndottes 

Pekin  Ducks. 

Eggs  and  Stock  For  Sole. 

Fnutail  and  Homer 

Cocker  Spaniels. 

Irish  Setters, 
English  Setters, 
Boston  Terriers. 

Broken  Dogs. 

Stock  for  Sale. 

Contracts  Made 
With  Houses  and  Hotels 
for  Supplies 
of  Eggs,  Chickens, 
Game,  etc. 

Wild  Ducks  in 


Geese,  Brant,  etc.. 

Catalogue  Sent 
on  Application 

, My  dear  John;  '  I 

The. bearer  of  t  his  -.note- is.  Mr.Gilnour  | 
the  owner  of  the- launch-. which-  we  took-  south. 

The  party  which- we  took  along  iwithus  has  not  done 

•  tha-. right  thing. by  us  and., we  have  to-.bearthe-brunt 
of  the  , whole  thing.  .-Mr  Gilraour  has-.been- down  to  see  , 

.  us  in  regards  the  payraeht,  of  the  -  launch  •. but  we  are 

•  compelled  to  go  to  father,;  for : assistance-  and. we  pray  j 
that  hw  will  grant  our- request. 

,Vle  owe.  Mr  Gilraour  $426.00 for'. rental-  of ‘-bo at  ,  lost 

•  articles. one- lost- row. boat: and  several  minor'  details. j 

Show  this  to . father  and , agk  him  will  he  pay : him-,  in  ! 
full  and  deduct  $60.00  each,  month  until  paid  for.  j 

You- can  Deduct  $26.00  from  each' check.  j  know:  as  soon:  as  possible-,  if  Father -will! 
do  this  for  us  and  greatly  oblige, 




Mr.  J.EVRandolph 

6  1902 

Dear  Sirr^ 

F  am  in  reoiept  0^ours  of  the  1st  inst.  enclosing  cheok  for  Eight 
Dollars,  coloring  5  whole^fckets  and  5  childerns  tickets  for  the  excursion  to 
Asbury  Pardon  fuly  lOJrff,  for  which  please  accept  ray  thanks. 

Yours  truly,,  i 

Orange  Methodist  Church 

JTorm  No.  1. 




This  Comtmny  TRANSMITS  and  DELIVERS  mt>«uiro>«nnl  von  ..1. 1.1.  t . _ _ _  .  ...  . 

NUMBER  1  SENT.  BY  1  REO'D  BY  1  . 

...  7  \/S>  1  -X  1  ^ 

RECEIVED  f  L--'  ' 

OY/^/  ion  7 

Dated  YY'a  Ac*  t  f/  9,  /lYX 

To _ VY  /-»  / /A 

yi'//io  $><?/ ,  .<?  /->  /  -/7>)  i-/  -  t/'  f 

ZYisLi.  5,  }/-&{  &  // 

~7.  /  / 

tfttJ/ic'  flirt tfrnc/t  on' 

SS.  9  9i„^. .%/,/ 

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JLtAyUL^—^  £L-<~AA~~ 

rfLjst^X^l/lO  t,  Z^Wo  &~0\4s*l&C%£^ 

,77 At^A  L 


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Ph^j  <  77  >r  v^lr 

<^c/  <2.3  f  /f  ' 

■  r-A>v« i  ^  -  writ  e. 


The  B.  F.  Goodrich  Company, 


ssr°-  ,  *\  ,  /  Akro^t, Ohio,  sept.  4th,  1902. 

•r  uyW 

Mr.  J.  p.  Eandpip^i , 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Your  letter  of  3rd  inst.,  addressed  to  our  Secretary, 
Mr.  E.  P.  Marvin,  has  been  turned  over  by  him  to  the  Hose  Depart¬ 
ment.  We  note  that  Mrs.  Edison  desires  that  we  ship  to  her 
150  ft.  of  2-1/2"  Rubber  Eire  Hose,  canvas  covered,  with  no sale 
for  same.  By  canvas  covered  we  understand  that  what  i^  known 
as  woven  Cotton  Rubber  Lined  Hose  is  wanted,  this  being  the  kind 
generally  used  for  the  fire  protection  of  houses,  mills,  factories 
and  the  like.  Couplings  will  have  to  be  attached  to  the  Hose, 

send  us  an  old  coupling,  plug,  or  other  connection  showing  the 
thread  now  in  use  and  that  which  the  new  fittings  must  match . 
Nearly  every  city  and  town  has  a  thread  of  its  own,  and  the  only 
way  we  can  do  is  to  work  to  a  sample.  It  is  important,  that  the 
thread  be  exactly  right,  for,  if  it  were  not  so  the  Hose  could 
not  be  attached  to  the  plugs  and  consequently  could  not  be  used. 
If,  upon  receipt  of  this  letter,  you  will  get  and  send  to  us  by 
express  a  sample  2-l/2"  thread  as  above  specified,  we  shall  feel 
obliged.  It  will  be  returned  with  the  shipment. .  We  are  forward¬ 
ing  to  you  by  today's  mail  a  sample  of  our  bjigh  seamless 

The  B.F.  Goodrich  Company, 

=  H . 


sS5,!"'  Akron,  Ohio, 

J.  P.  Randolph,  #2. 

Planet  Brand  2-1  /a"  Cotton  Ruhher  T.ined  Hose  which  is  the  quality 
we  recommend,  provided  it  is  the  style  of  Hose  Mrs.  Edison 
requires.  The  other  kind,  which  is  known  as  regular  Kuhher  Kose, 
we  can  furnish  instead,  if  it  should  he  wanted.  The  Hose  will 
he  in  sections  of  50  ft,.,  that  Being  the  longest  in  which  it  is 
wade.  By  means  of  the  couplings  which  we  will  attach  the  sections 
can  he  connected  and  used  in  one  continuous  length  if  desired. 

V/e  await  your  early  advices  regarding  the  thread  for  the 
couplings  and  nozale,  and  should  also  like  to  know  whether  Hose 
like  the  sample  we  are  submitting  is  the  proper  kind.  We  -will 
give  prompt  attention  to  the  order  upon  receipt  of  your  reply, 
and  will  hill  the  goods  a.t  a  special  close  price. 

Very  truly  yours, 

The  B.  F.  Goodrich  Company. 

CBS- 4. 

"s  Kould  indeed  ba  gratful  if  you  oould 
receive  our  cheque  not  later  than  Saturday  to) 
The  Balance  due  is  $389.90.  This  account  oovs 
Master  Edison  at  raqusst  of  Mr.  T.  A.  Edison. 
Thanking  you.  for  your  kindness,  we  are. 

arrange  mat  tars  so  that  we  conic 
reek  as  per  account  rendered  .Julj 
the  purchase  we  made  for 

Yours  very  truly, 

Newark,  N.  J.  November  17th  1902. 

William  E. Gilmore,  Ban,  j j  y  £  ~  ■' [■  ‘‘j  •  | 

National  Phonograph  Company,  nqv17  190.  j 

Orange,  N.  J.  ^  AMS./.M  -Mj/j  6 
hear  Sir:-  /  / 

1  find  that  the  Thomas  A, Edison  Jr . Chemical  Company  is 
using  an  imitation  of  Mr .Edison's  signature  in  its  advertising  mat¬ 
ter,  and  also  that  it  has  a  big  Bign  on  the  front  of  its  store,  giv¬ 
ing  the  impression  that  Mr .Edison  is  connected  with  it. 

Please  get  me  a  genuine  signature  of  Thomas  A.Edison  Jr 
and  give  me  the  name  of  someone  who  will  swear  to  its  genuineness. 

-  Also  send  over  to  New  York  the  first  thing  to-morrow  a  photographer, 
and  have  him  take  a  photograph  of  the  front  of  the  building  No. 16 
Stone  Street.  I  want  the  photograph  to  show  the  signs  of  the  Thomas 
J A.Edison  Jr. Chemical  Company  on  the  front  of  the  building  as  promi¬ 
nently  as  possible.  Have  the  photograph  of  large  size  and  have  it 

Williams.  Gilmore,  Esq., 

Edison  Mfg.,  Go., 

Orange,  N.  a. 

Dear  Sirs- 

In  re  Thomas  A.  Edison  Jr.  Chemical  Co.  I  "beg  to  ac¬ 
knowledge  receipt  of  your  letter  of  the  20th  inst.,  enclosing  copy 
of  the  circular  sent  hy  that  concern  to  the  Hygienic  Blanket  Co., 
and  the  letter  forwarding  the  same  to  Mr.  Edison  together  with  your 

reply  to  the  Hygienic  Co  .  I  understand  from  our  interview  this 

morning  that  this  reply  has  not^been  forwarded  and  that  you  will 
strike  out  the  last  sentence  before  doing  so.  I  will  retain  the 
papers  you  sent  us  for  use  in  the  proposed  suit. 


^Newark.  IT.  J.  Nov.  21,  1902. 


NOV  22  1902  | 
n  AMS . ->/ 


Q/^fU/to  gd/^,  * 

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Newark,  N.  J.  Dec.  9,  1902. 

W.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  re  Edison  Jr.  Chemical 
the  bill  of  complaint  nor  the  photograph  which  Mr.  Kayes  wished 
to  have  made  for  use  in  this  case. 

During  the  recess  at  the  session  in  the  New  York 
Phonograph  Co.  case  yesterday,  a  Mr.  Bidgeway  came  into  the 
room  in  which  we  had  been  taking  testimony  and  asked  to  see  Mr. 
Edison.  X  did  not  let  him  talk  to  Edison  for  the  reason  that 
Edison  said  he  did  not  know  him.  The  gentleman  waited  around 
for  quite  a  while  and  before,. leaving,  asked  me  when  he  could  see 
Mr.  Edison.  I  told  him  he  would  have  to  make  an  appointment 
by  letter  addressed  to  the  labratory.  At  this  time  the  gentlemar 
asked  me  'whether  T.  A.  Edison,  Jr.  had  been  around,  and  X  replied 
that  I  did  not  know  anything  about  him.  It  at  once  occurred 
to  me  that  this  mem  had  some  connection  with  the  Chemical  Co. 
and  X  aBked  him  what  it  was  he  wanted  to  see  Mr.  Edison  about, 
suggesting  that  perhaps  I  could  arrange  an  interview  for  him, 
but  he  refused  to  tell  me  what  he  wanted.  I  do  not  know  that 
this  amounts  to  anything,  but  I  mention  the  matter  for  your 
information  in  case  this  Mr.  Bidgeway  Bhould  turn  up  at  Orange. 


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1902.  Edison,  T.A.  -  Name  Use  (D-02-13) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining 
to  the  use  of  Edison's  name,  whether  authorized  or  unauthorized,  for 
advertising,  trademark,  or  other  purposes.  Related  documents  can  be  found 
in  the  Legal  Department  Records.  Items  concerning  the  use  of  the  name 
"Thomas  A.  Edison,  Jr."  can  be  found  in  D-02-1 1  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Family). 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

!?7t-<  ,<7v  ^3^  4*§^-s*s«-^« 

&  yf  c%?  £* s*'/^*"^ 

_  ty  S^1L—~ 

/??t<  k, 

£  /f&^J  ' 

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^/**<*^  r 

Z*~  &r<i =^a^c. 






New  York  Office,  44  Broad  St. 
January  18/'l902 . 

Thos.  A.  Edison/ Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

In  reference  to  the  sale  of  our  incandescent  lamps  in 
England  it  has  been  suggested  that  we  should  use  the  trade  name 
"Edison",  provided  we  find  that  we  can  legally  do  so.  Before  taking 
any  action,  however,  I  would  like  to  know  if  you  have  any  personal 
feeling  in  reference  to  the  matter--if  you  would  have  any  decided 
opinion  one  way  or  the  other  in  reference  to  the  propriety  of  our 
use  of  such  a  trade  name-  It  is  needless  to  state,  of  course,  that 
the  suggestion  arises  from  the  fact  that  we  believe  that  the  use 
of  your  name  would  be  a  decided  advantage  to  us  in  facilitating  the 
introduction  and  sale  of  our  incandfjah ent  lamps  in  England. 

Very  trlUy  yours, 



M,  ^  ti/  o 

f  I'd  tVk# 

(rv-'&trvt-*  £*-v» 

lUX  *%  1  "td  G  rt^v^-Ljir~  1 







The  Marvelous  Electric  Chemical  recently  discovered  by  Mr.  Edison 


The  Great  Complexion  Beautifier  and  Skin  Food. 



(Package  contains  Fifty  Tablets.) 

Compounded  and  Prepared  under  the  Direct  Supervision  of  Mr.  Edison. 

OZONELLE  is  not  a  perfume.  It  is  .an  Antiseptic  as  well  as  an  Eradicator  of  all 
impurities  and  should  be  used  by  all  ladies  who  desire  to  improve  their  personal  appearance. 

OZONELLE  is  prepared  in  special  convenient  tablet  form,  dissolves  readily  in  water, 
producing  the  most  marvelous  of  all  solutions  which  when  applied  to  the  face  and  neck  will 
positively  remove  all  wrinkles,  blemishes  or  eruptions  of  the  skin  as  well  as  freckles  and 
tan;  leaves  the  skin  soft  and  imparts  that  beautiful  pinkish  white  so  much  desired. 

This  latest  and  greatest  discovery  of  Mr.  Edison  is  not  for  sale  in  stores  or  by 
agents, — it  is  sold  exclusively  by  the  Companj',  confidentially  by  correspondence  through 
the  mails. 

Address  all  communications  to  the  Mail  Order  Department  of  . 

The  Ozonelle  Company, 

31  and  33  Tilderi. Avenue, 







Ozonelle  Company 





Dear  Friend : 

In  order  to  introduce  ourselves  and  the  wonderful  Ozonelle  to  you 
and  your  lady  friends  we  take  the  liberty  of  addressing  you,  hoping 
you  will  become  interested. 

ALMOST  LIKE  MAGIC,  and  is  considered  by  scientists  to  be  one  of  the  great¬ 
est  chemical  discoveries  ever  made.  Ozonelle  in  solution  penetrates  the 
skin  through  the  pores  and  removes  any  foreign 'matter  or  impurities,  leav¬ 
ing  the  skin  SOFT  and  CLEAR.  Too  much  cannot  be  said  of  this  great  Anti¬ 
septic.  Our  experience  has  been  that  as  soon  •'  as  Ozonelle  has  been  used  in 
any  community  a  demand  is  created  an  a  large -sale  is  the  result.  Now  in 
order  to  make  a  start  in  your  city,  we  will  send  you  one  package  of 
Ozonelle,  and  also  ONflNEDICATED  CHAMOIS  MASSAGER,  on  receipt  of  fifty 
cents,  postal  or  express  order,  or  will  send  THREE  for  one  dollar,  which 
will  enable  you  to  get  one  free,  if  you  get  two  of  your  lady  friends  to 
send  with  you.  NO  MORE  THAN  THREE  SOLD  AT  THAT  PRICE.  It  is  of  course 
expected  you  will  speak  a  good  word  for  us  after  you  have  used  "Ozonelle," 
and  if  you  will  agree  to  do  this  we  will  send  you  forty  cents  for  each 
package  sold  in  your  city  at  the  regular  price,  on  information  you 

We  are  very  sure  you  will  be  more  than  pleased  with  "Ozonelle"  after 
you  have  used  it  and  noticed  its  wonderful  effect,  and  we  will  POSITIVELY 
AGREE  to  refund  the  purchase  price  if  from  any  cause  any  one  is  not 
perfectly  satisfied.  The  Medicated  Chamois  Massager  is  worth  the  price 
charged,  and  you  will  particularly  notice  its  value  when  used. 

Full  directions  with  printed  guarantee  will  accompany  each  package. 

Permit  us  to  thank  you  in  advance  for  the  interest  we  hope  you 
will  take  in  the  matter, 

Very  respectfully, 


P.  S.  In  case  you  are  not  interested  will  you  kindly  hand  this  to 
some  friend. 

:  .  >1 : 

. /(&£■ . ^/i^zu^rt:  sowv-e&i /z^et. 

&££.  ~^L>-  a&i&i.  /W^gL^tgui 
tg^-ce^  tZy^JL.  p^JrlAJn^svuZ,  ^wi14i-ia  g>t^,A- 

,  (3fe**Kc*v*i  ^  SlAAu*-  /Ary^s&l  ] 

/}jt  Jpw%_  £^y^_  ctu^  XAy^Jisir^  iJUfi*  \ 

Auw. /U^ru/\^—  ^6MWC lA,  0>v^aL  j 

1902.  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  (D-02-20) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  Included  is  a  notice  of  a  $78,718.50 
dividend  paid  to  Edison,  as  well  as  numerous  routine  letters  pertaining  to  the 
renewal  of  notes  and  to  royalties  owed  by  Western  Union  Telegraph  Co.  and 
other  concerns  for  use  of  phonoplex  circuits.  Most  of  the  letters  are  addressed 
to  Edison,  president  of  the  company,  or  to  William  E.  Gilmore,  vice  president 
and  general  manager. 

Only  the  dividend  notice  has  been  selected. 

Other  items  in  the  Document  File  relating  to  the  Edison  Manufacturing 
Co.  can  be  found  in  D-02-02  (Battery  -  Primary)  and  in  D-02-26  (Motion 

."Orange,  31. J.,  June  30,  190?.. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.., 

We  have  credited  yoyfr  account  with  $78,718.50,  being  dividend 
on  4998  shares  of  the  capital  stock  of  this  company  at  the  rate  of  9 % 
per  annum  for  nine  months  e/ding  February  28th,  1901,  and  a  dividend 
of  9^  on  4998  shares  of  the  capital  stock  of  this  company  for  year 
ending  February  28th,  19oi,  as  per  resolution  passed  at  a  meeting  of  the 
Board  of  Directors  held  It  the  laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison  June  12th, 

Yours  very  truly, 


1902.  Electric  Light  -  General  (D-02-21) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
electric  lighting  and  power.  Included  are  items  attesting  to  Edison's  continued 
relations  with  the  General  Electric  Co.,  as  well  as  items  pertaining  to  patent 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 


f/  /tyter/W/fc/':  @r/r*tti  0?  &r/r-Jt/'  W,rrtJr.f. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

January  11,  1902. 

/  KMUt 

^  su 

the  question  of  you\  assignmerr 

I  looked  i 

the  General  Electric  Company, v/hile  in  Washington  yesterday. 
The  assignments  of  most  recent  date  were  prepared  hy  Eaton 
&  Lewis,  and  we  have  no  record  of  them  in  our  office. 

Answering  the  question  you  asked  of  Frank— you  have 
made  no  assignments  to  the. General  Electric  Company, or  any 
of  its  constituent,  companies,  of  any  patentB  on  which  the 
applications  were  filed  after  October,  1895.  This  applies 
to  lamps  as  well  as  other  subjeotB.  The  last  assignment 
was  made  to  Edison  General  Electric  Company  on  March  6,  1896. 
It  covers  a  number  of  patents  on  systems,,  dynamos  etc.,  but 
does  not  include  any  lamp  patentB.  The  date  of  the  latest 
patent  in  this  assignment  is  August  14,  1894,  and  of  course, 
the  application  was  of  a  still  earlier  date.  The  last  as¬ 
signment  of  lamp  patents  was  made  to  Edison  Electric  Light 
Co.  and  was  dated  October  31,  1895.  It  included  four  pat¬ 
ents,  one  dated  August  28th,  1894,  and  three  dated  February 
-12,  1895  (applications,  of  course,  of  earlier  dates). 

(T.  A.  H. ,  2) 

I  took  a  complete  memorandum  of  the  recent  assigi 
ments  on  record,  and  can  furnish  you  with  any  additional 
information  about  them  you  may  want. 

Yours  "ve  ry  truly,  , 



January  25,  1902.  / 

^  4  |a:tf 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park, 
Orange , 


My  dear  Mr.  Edison; 

A  3 




!t  trip  in 

|  €&ror' 


—\f  VA>vywP. 

VdL**f$\r^  ^ 

I  have  jii^t  come  backjjfrom  a  she 
the  West  and  have  had  the  pleasure  of  meeting  several  of  the  old 
Edison  central  station  men.  They  are  all  unanimous  in  the 

opinion  that  a  good  meter  cannot  come  out  too  soon. 

Last  time  I  called  on  you,  you  were  completing  the 
final  model  and  stated  that  you  were  going  to  have  fifty  of  them 
made  by  hand.  If  there  is  anything  new  in  the  meter  matter,  I 

should  like  very  much  to  call  at  the  Laboratory  any  day  you  may  ap¬ 
point  after  Thursday  of  next  week,  as  I  am  very  much  interested  i  n 
the  subject. 







‘  '  Vi’  W  YORK,,....1002* _ .190 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  II.  J. 

I  By  Dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

Since  I  saw  you  at  the  laboratory  recently  I  have  been 
loolcing  up  certain  of  the  patents  to  learn  whether  they  had  been  as-^ 
signed,  to  the  General  Electric  Company  or  to  othero,  and  whether  oer- 
tain  of  the  patent  applications  in  your  binders  had  since  been  is¬ 

Regarding  the  magnetic  brake  patent  filed  in  1800.  X  found 
on  examination  that  several  patents  were  cited  against  you,  and  that 
Mr.  Dyer  could  not  get  sufficient  information  regarding  dates  and 
the  model  built  by  Hr.  Ott  so  as  to  prepare  a  new  case,  and  they  have 
a  letter  from  you  stating  that  you  wish  the  case  to  be  dropped,  and 
it  has  been  marked  "cancelled". 

Regarding  the  patent  applications  which  are  bound  in  your 
files,  and  which  consist  of  blue  prints  and  typewritten  specifica¬ 
tions,  and  which,  you  will  remember  suggesting,  I  might  bring  to  the 
notice  of  the  General  Electric  Company,  X  find  on  .(inquiry  that  with 
one  exception  these  have  all  been  taken  out  by  the  General  Electric 
Company  or. I  dropped. 

X  find  the  two  railroad  patents  Nos.  470,980  and  470,987  of 
1892  have  both  been  assigned  to  the  General  Electric  Company;  as  well 

T.  A. 



as  the  two  electric  distribution  patents  which  we  looked  at,_  No. 
5.24,378  of  August  14,  1804, (filed- in'  1986 )and  NO.  500,517  of  Novem¬ 
ber  28,  1893, (filed  in  1883).  There  is  also  the  alternating  current 
generator  patent  No.  470,028  of  March  15,  1802,  (filed  in  1801 ). 

The  following  incandescent  lamp  patents  which  we  looked 
over  I  find  have  boon  assigned  to  the  General  Electric  Company: 



Feb.  1895.  (filed  188( 

3.  ) 



Feb.  12, 

1895.  (filed 




Feb.  12, 

1895.  (filed 




Feb.  21, 

1393.  (filed 




Aug.  28, 

1894.  (filed 




Nov.  8, 

1802.  (filed 




Oct.  11, 

1392.  (filed 



ii  n 

11  (filed 



June  14, 

1892.  (filed  1891() 

473',  530 


"  7, 

1392.  (filed 




ii  » 

“  (filed 




Moh.  15, 

1802.  (filed 


47 j, 028 

ii  b 

"  (filed 




ii  ii 

"  (filed 




"  * 

“  (filed 


X  have  called  on  a  gentleman  connected  with  one  of  the 
wireless  telegraph  companies  regarding  your  patent  No.  485,071  of 
December  20,  1891  (filed  May  23,  1885.),  and  expect  to  hear  something 
from  these  people  regarding  the  matter  at  an  early  date. 

Hoping  to  see  you  at  Orange  shortly,  I  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 



Schenectady,  N,  Y, 

Mr,  W.  E.  Gilmore,  Kngr., 

Orange,  N,  J. 

Dear  sirs— » 

Referring  to  yours  of  the  2nd  inst'.  and  the  numeroueTpre- 
Tious  requests  for  settlement  of  over-due  accounts,  we  regret  to  find 
that  no  response  whatever  has  been  receded.  This  certainly  is  not 
what  we  are  entitled  to,  and  we  teg  to/advise  you,  that  lacking  Bettle 
ment  we  will  draw  on  the  18th  inst.  a k  sight,  to  cover  the  ireBpective 
balances,  namely  Laboratory  of  Tho el  A.  Edison,  $138.80,  and  the 
Edison  Storage  &  Battery  Co.,  #15a(37,  and  we  sincerely  truBt,  in  that 
event,  you  will  kindly  see  that  ^ie  drafttime  given  prompt  and  sat¬ 
isfactory  attention. 

Very  trv£ly  yours, 

H  ./p  .  '  Rchuyleir, 

f  /  Asst.  Treasurer., 

Per.  Cf^7fr 

WHC/l. . 

1 902.  Fort  Myers  (D-02-22) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison's  home  and  property  at  Fort  Myers,  Florida.  Included  are  letters  and 
bills  concerning  the  construction  of  a  dock  and  proposed  changes  to  the 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 


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Received  ^ 

The  following  Paflcages  in  apparent  good  oixfcer. 
Subject  tn  the  conditions  of  the  Company's  regular  Bill  of  Lading. 

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1902.  Mining  -  General  (D-02-23) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
mining  and  ore  milling.  Included  are  two  letters  from  the  Ingersoll-Sergeant 
Drill  Co.  and  a  letter  discussing  both  the  dry  placer  process  for  gold 
separation  and  operations  at  the  Dunderland  plant  of  the  Edison  Ore  Milling 
Syndicate,  Ltd. 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 


$ 1  /  i  -fjfcT 

(y^  0^^  /  j  ROTHESAY,  N.B.  ,  APR.  1902.  ^ 

TA  Ediaon,  Esq.,  f  I  J  J 

Menelo  Park,  j  V^L^'%/' 

Cu^t  i^,~pC' 

I  spent  3ome  months  last  autumn  studying  up  theiM^r 
uation  and  examining  several  of  the  iron  sand  deposits  on</t'he"”st. Law¬ 
rence,  and  am  interested  in  some  of  them.  7 

There  is  one  district  especially  thajrl  am  studying 
how  to  work.  In  it,  sand  collected  from  the  beach  and  from  special 

beds  (of  moderate  extent)  is  largely  magnetio  iron  orfgrains,  separat- 

~  ~rs-cr  g*-?. 

ing  out  even  higher  than  80#  magnitifl#.A  followed  by  a  percentage  of 
garnet,  then  another  percentage  of  a  different  iron  ore,  then  ordinary 

Then  again  there  are  areas  where  there  are  thin  beds  of  fairly 
rich  sand  interstratified  with  other  beds  carrying  more  or  less  scatter¬ 
ed  grains  of  iron  sand,  forming  a  poor  stook,  with  less  than  ten  per 

istituents  of  the  sands  range  themselves  in  the 

orders  given  above,  both  in  magnetic  susceptibility  and  in  specific 
gravity  (or  perhaps  more  correctly)  in  their  oapacity  of  being  separ-. 
ated  by  wave  action. 

In  the  poorer  bed3  there  occur  grains  of  Silica  of 
various  sizes,  with  magnetite  embedded  in  them  and  with  some  separators 
grains  of  large  size  (without  other  apparent  reason)  are  carried  over 

with  the  magnetite. 

Whether  one  style  of  separator  will  do  the  varied 
work  most  advantageously  is  a  question. 

To  do  any  work  of  oourse  I  need  a  separator  that 
would  take  the  pure  magnetite  from  the  rich  and  medium  beds  rapidly. 

Then  I  want  to  see  whether  it  is  possible,  and 
will  pay  to  separate  the  three  upper  grades,  viz.,  the  magnetite, the 
garnet  and  the  other  iron  ore(not  ordinarily  oonsidered  magnetic)  from 
the  silicious  sand,  and  reseparate  them  so  as  to  save  both  grades  of 

Can  you  supply  separators,  and  other  auxilliary 
machinery?  6f  what  description  ahd  price  would  it  be? for  use  in 


Xtc-Ao  __  fejpfj'eitj  a,«» 

I  i  rs»  , 

Messrs  S.  D.  Grant  &  Go. ,  have  sent  us  a  sample  of 
iron  sand  reputed  to  contain  6  pwts.  in  gold,  and  ask  whether  your  • 
process  could  he  used  to  treat  it. 

I  venture  therefore  to  send  you  the  bulk  of  the  sam¬ 
ple  and  should  be  very  glad' if  you  would  kindly  look  at  it  and  see 
if  you  think  the  gold  could  be  separated  by  any  of  your  processes. 

The  magnetite  is  of  course  easily  extracted,  but 
what  they  wish  is  to'<  extract  the  gold. 

The  people  who-  bring  it  to  us  a re  good  people,  and 
they  say  they  have  an  enormous  quantity  'of  it. 

You  will  be  interested  to- hear  that  the 'whole  of 
the  workmen  at  Dunderland  went  out  on  strike  on  Friday,  but  owing 
to  the  determined  attitude  of  Lehmann  and  Roberts  the  strike  ter¬ 
minated  peacefully,  and  the  men  are  at  work  upon  our  own  termB. 



There  are  about  one  thousand  men  at  Dunderl'and,  and, 
as  far  as  we  can  hear,  most  of  them  are  working. 

Believe  me. 

Yours  very  truly. 

No^v  York, 

Mr.  W.  9.  Mallory,  Vias^ree.  , 

Mesa rs^  ThoryCs  A.  Edison  Laboratory  t£[p  oy  IQQ9 

We Teg  to  acknowledge  your  courteous  letter 
of  gept.  25./ enclosing  a  letter  which  you  received  from 
Mr.  G.R ,p6e,  of  Colton, Calif, 

r  /  7/6  wl11  endeavor  to  give  Mr.  Coe  the  benefit 

o tJ°Y  experience,  and  in  order  that  he  may  have  prompt 
arid  personal  attention,  we  are  referring  his  letter  to 
wry  Branch  House  at  San  Francisco. 

f  /  [  Thanking  you  again  for  referring  this  matter 
us,  we  are, 

Yours  very  truly, 


Air  Compressors, 

Rock  Drills,  Coal  Cutters, 
Stone  Channeling  Machines, 


2 1  -  2  3  Fh  e  m  o  *  r  St.  S  A  N  r  R  AH  C  l  SCO.  CAL 
1718-1724  CAuronNiASrRttT.DENVER.CQLQ. 
227  South  WestTenpu’.  SALT  IAKEC1TY.U1M 
300-302  MAiN5rneBT.BUTTE.M0NT. 

30fl'r>  Wa5°utsa  Sts-  st.paui.minn. 

KwstnWiuitiKSiRA3sc2  BtRUN.GERMANY. 
Pabk  Builoino,  PITT5BURGH.PA. 

S.  Mallory, V.P. , 

Edison  Portland  Cement  Co., 
Edison  Laboratory, 

KTewTorlc, . October  .15,1902. . 

OCT  16  !9(J2 

My  dear  I*-.  Mallory: - 

I  have  your  letter  and  have  from  time  to 
ime  kept  at  the  Porter  people  but;  like  everybody  else  they  have 
been  so  busy  taking  care  of  their  product  that  they  have  had 
very  little  time  for  experiments.  About  two  months  ago  I  took 
the  matter  up  personally  with  Mr.  Lord,  their  Chief  Engineer, 
and  he  promised  to  conduct  some  further  experiments  on  certain 
lines  which  we  agreed  upon.  I  will  write  him  and  find  out  whether 
r  not  anything  has  been  done.  I  have  also  been  held  back  in  some 
,  xperiiaents  which  we  were  making  out  West  hy  the  extraordinary 
activity  of  general  business  together  with  the  illneBs  of  one  of 
'our  men  who  has  had  charge  of  the  matter. 

As  to  the  tax  due  on  the  patent,  my  opinion  is  that 
the  patent  is  valuable  and  that  at  some  future  time  this  will  be 

Please  remember  me  kindly  to  Mrv  Edison,  and  with 
fcdrsonal  regards  to  yourself,  I  r  ' 

1902.  Mining  -  Dry  Placer  Process  (D-02-24) 

This  folder  contains  inquiries  regarding  Edison's  dry  placer  process  for 
the  separation  of  gold  ore.  The  majority  of  these  inquiries  were  made  by  mine 
owners  in  response  to  an  advertisement  Edison  placed  in  the  Denver  Mining 
Reporter  and  elsewhere. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  Selected 
items  include  samples  of  the  inquiries  and  a  sample  of  the  standard  response 
made  to  those  inquiries. 

<f  s?*~- 


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'sgC./ra.C'^L-rcy  ^ 

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/-L4^~  tfX^ZP  j? 

s^/£i>*i*ty  /Z4^~~  y^~~  ^jszi 

7Z7-  ■7/z<z<z<4!7 

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'.a^L-i—  y/^-<—  S^*-*—  * 


!\ue  ssso2 

^  »a  1B02 

^4'  jcl# 

Mtf.  W.  H.  J.iddle, 

Des  Moines,  Iowa. 

Dear  Sir : - 

We  are  In  receipt  of  your  f awor  of  the  20th  inst. ,  and 
would  say  that  we  will  file  the  Placer  Data  whifch  you  enclose,  with 
other  Data,  and  sane  will  he  taken  up  at  the.  earliest  possible  moment . 

At  the  present  time  Mr.  Edison  too  busy  on  his  battery 
to  take  same  up  now. 

Yourf  -  uly , 

Stasis  c^— 

t)  !'  i 

7f  £Z'tr-iris~Z_ 


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0—^’  >t^z-TTT:_ 

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0^z-c4-<f  Af~. 



•  B.  -2.  ’  "j. 




DC. . 2.6.,  1902. _ 

MG  26  1902 

Thomas  At  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.J.' 
near  Sir;- 

Mining  men  have  sMpwn  considerable  interest  in  the 
experimental  plant  erected  by  the  Edison  company  at  Dolores,  N.M. 
and  we  have  had  many  inquires  coXce/ning  the  results.  «/e  received 
i  statement  from  you  on  August  14ywhich  we  printed  in  the 
commercial  of  August  15.  Since  tt/en\we  have  had  several  inquires 
and  would  be  greatly  obliged  to ^rou  i^f  you  will  answer  the 
following  questions; 

*  \  „  3o 

What  percentage  of  gold  waff-thane.ln  the  samplS^oT  S&S-  tons 
that  was  tried  on  the  first  experimental\plantJ'here^I«*ttel<.-J'<i. 

Via  «  tb  1  ■;  — r-i-^h-ar — I-n — r;o4-d-/than  th  e  QraC  In  the _tract— ge ne rally I'yu 

Why  was  not  th>e  operation  of  the  large  plant  at  Dolores,  N.M. 
as  successful  as  the  test  made  here?  Jc  ygV 

Has  this  ore  been  tested  with  watertotfe termini «rhat  amount 
of  gold  per  ton  could  be  extracted  in  that  tf^y?  if  so  what  was 
the  result? 

r  Awfc-l/ 

Will  you  also  please  /• 
grant  property? 

i  controls\the  Ortez  land 


yours  very  truly. 

' \U  ^2. 


•  •  *  -  L  IU  (U.  I  .  g_ 

1902.  Mining  -  Mines  and  Ores  (D-02-25) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
mines  and  ores  to  be  bought,  sold,  worked,  or  tested.  Among  the  items  for 
1902  is  correspondence  with  Herman  E.  Dick  regarding  surveys  for  copper, 
nickel,  and  cobalt  ore. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
material  not  selected  consists  of  routine  correspondence  and  reports  dealing 
with  the  mining  interests  of  individuals  or  companies  who  wanted  to  lease  or 
sell  property  to  Edison  or  have  their  ores  tested.  These  items  received  no 
substantive  response  from  Edison. 


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Ant&i'taan  Alien  {.'ontjuiny, 

part  of  the  concentrates ,  separated  magnetically,  from  the  Cant 
Hook  Mining  Company's  property,  15  miles  southeast  of  Bald  Hill, 
on  the  South  Fork  of  the  Smith  River,  Del  Norte  County,  California, 
with  the  request  that  you  advise  me  promptly  as  to  the  total  pro¬ 
portion  of  nickel  in  each  of  these  samples,  and  on  this  work  I  heg 
to  make  the  following  report: 

While  in  San  Francisco  on  a  recent  trip  to  the  Pacific 
Coast,  I  was  advised  hy  an  official,  named  Mr.  H.  C.  Murphy,  in  the 
San  Francisco  Mint,  that  important  amounts  of  platintaa  had  been  fou 
found  on  the  South  Fork  of  the  Smith  River,  and  that  he  had  sam¬ 
ples  of  the  sand  containing  this  platinum  which  he  would  like  me  to 
examine.  I  separated  the  sand  into  two  portions  for  convenience 
of  examination,  the  magnetic  portion  consisting  apparently  of  mag¬ 
netite  and  the  non-magnetic  portion  consisting  of  various  kinds  of 
non-magnet ic  sands  with  some  gold  and  platinum,  which  were  separated 

‘  HBC-D  2 

■by  panning  which  showed  that  the  report  was  true  and  .that  the  sand 
did  contain  important  amounts  of  gold  and  platinum.  I  then,  how¬ 
ever,  panned  the  magnetic  portion  in  order  to  note  whether  I  had 
been  sufficiently  careful  in  my  magnetic  separation  and  to  see  if 
I  had  been  successful  in  not  leaving  any  gold  or  platinum  in  the 
magnetic  portion.  Panning  this  magnetic  portion  at  once  revealed  a 
large  amount  of  an  alloy  of  iron  and  nickel;  the  proportion  of  this 
iron  and  nickel  alloy  was  so  great  as  to  profoundly  impress  me. 

With  as  little  delay  as  possible  I  went  to  this  remote  part  of  Cal¬ 
ifornia,  journeying  for  some  three  days  and  a  half  in  a  team  to 
reach  it.  On  arriving  at  the  placer  deposit  I  secured  60  pounds 
of  the  sand, concentrated  it  with  an  ordinary  rocker  and  completed 
this  with  an  ordinary  miners'  pan— the  result  being  to  show  that 
the  sand  was  remarkably  rich,  in  this  nickel-iron  alloy.  I  next 
advised  the  Cant  Hook  Mining  Company,  on  whose  property  this  ma¬ 
terial  is  found,  of  what  they  had,  and  it'  is  evident  that  the  same 
iron  and  nickel  alloy  is  prevalent  for  some  distance  up  and  down 
the  river.  I  made  arrangements  with  the  Cant  Hook  Mining  Company 
by  which  they  have  been  sending  at  intervals  further  samples  of 
concentrates  obtained  from  their  property.  One  of  these  samples 
has  been  separated  by  the  Wetherill  Separator  Company  into  portions 
of  different  degrees  of  magnetization.  Samples,  Nos.  1  and  2,  are 
being  assayed  here;  No.  3  and  No.  4  have  gone  to  other  places  and  I 

ifflc-n  s 

am  sending  you  from  No.  6  on.  I  must  advise  you  that  I  think  this 
locality  more  promising  for  a  large  supply  of  this  iron  and  nickel 
alloy  than  any  other  place  known,  and,  considering  the  interest 
that  you  have  confided  to  me  concerning  the  production  of  nickel, 
and,  considering  the  condition  of  the  nickel  industry  at  present, 

I  should  earnestly  advised that  you  take  prompt  steps  to  ascertain 
in  detail  the  quantity  of  nickel  here  available  and  to  determine 
the  advisability  o,f  controlling  it. 

It  has  been  my  duty  to  notify  the  public  in  a  general 
way  of  the  existence  of  nickel  at  this  point. 

In  accordance  with' your  advice  at  Buffalo,  I  have  used 
for  expenses  on  this  trip  a  total  of  one  hundred  and  twenty-five 

dollars  ($125.00),  as  follows: 

Transportation,  Eureka,  California,  to  Crescent  City, 

Bald  Hill  and  return  to  Gasquet,  Del  Norte  County, 

California,- . — . _____ . $75.00 

b  Subsistence  and  hire  of  saddle  horses,  Bald  Hill,  and 

miscellaneous  expenses, - - . - 22.00 

Transportation,  Gasquet  to  railroad  at  Grant's  Pass, 

Oregon, . . . . —  28.00 

Total, - - - 125.00 

Unless  I  receive  advice  from  you  to'  the  contrary,  I  will 
draw  on  you  as  usual  to  cover  this  expense.  ' 

Yours  very  truly, 




,  d.  o.,  August  25,  1902. 

Mr.  J.  F.  Randolph, 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  regret  that  before  receiving  your  letter  of  August  20, 
in  reply  to  mine  of  August  16,  I  hid  already  drawn  for  the  one 
hundred  and  twenty-five  ($125.00)/ dollars  just  as  I  had  done  on 
previous  occasions,  it  having  been  agreed  between  Kr.  Edison  and 
myself  at  the  Exposition  that  i/should  do  so  until  five  hundred 
($500.00)  dollars  had  been  exhausted. 

I  have  pleasure  in  ^.vising  you  now  that  the  results  of 
the  quantitative  examination  of  some  of  the  concentrates  obtained 
by  magnetic  separation  from  t/ie  sands  of  the  nickel  mine  referred  t 
to  in  'my  report  show  that  the  most  magnetic  concentrate  contains 
27.2  per  cent  of  nickel  and  /the  second  concentrate,  23.7  per  cent; 
this  includes  cobalt  which  p. s  not  large  in  amount. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Chief  of  Division. 


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My  dear  3Hck:  — 

Replying  to  your  letter  to  Mr.  Edison  of  September  4th, 
enclosing  letter  from  Mr.  Oopps,  w'e  bog  herewith  to  return  Mr. 
Copp *  s  letter  and  state  that  the  samples  haw  been  reoeivad,  and 
the  results  of  our  analyses  are  siren  on  sheet  herewith  attaohed. 

Yours  very  truly, 

H.E.Mok,Esa. , 

161  JaokBon  Boulevard, 
Chicago, Ills.  , 



9/27  A902. 

E.  Copp's  Samples. 

Sample  Marked 

Metallio  Ou. 

Metallio  Nlokel  and 
Cobalt . 

No.  1. 

Vein  18"  wide  taken  from 

Creek  Bed-Average  across  vein 


No  Nickel  or  Cobalt . 

No.  2. 

Vein  8"  wide-  Average  sample 


«  n  n  ii 

No.  3. 

Vein  6"  wide  all  like  sample 

20.01 / 

M  II  II  II 

No.  4. 

Vein  36"  wide, average  rook 


ii  n  n  n 

No.  5 

Vein  8"  wide  and  fair  average 


"  "  "  - 

Traoes  of  silver  in. 'all. 


1902.  Motion  Pictures  (D-02-26) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
production  and  commercial  development  of  motion  picture  films.  Included  are 
items  pertaining  to  patent  litigation  among  competitors,  such  as  Sigmund 
Lubin,  the  American  Mutoscope  &  Biograph  Co.,  and  the  Armat  Motion  Picture 
Co.  Among  the  correspondents  are  William  E.  Gilmore,  vice  president  and 
general  manager  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.;  James  H.  White,  manager 
of  the  Film  Department;  Richard  N.  Dyer  and  other  members  of  the  law  firm  of 
Dyer,  Edmonds  &  Dyer;  and  attorney  Howard  W.  Hayes. 

Approximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  Items 
not  selected  consist  of  routine  memoranda  from  Dyer,  Edmonds  &  Dyer  noting 
the  progress  of  litigation;  the  opinion  in  Thomas  A.  Edison  v.  American 
Mutoscope  Company,  U.S.  Circuit  Court  of  Appeals  (see  Legal  Department 
Records  for  the  case  file);  the  opinion  in  Armat  Moving-Picture  Company  v. 
American  Mutoscope  Company,  U.S.  Circuit  Court  for  the  Southern  District  of 
New  York;  and  Edison  U.S.  Patent,  No.  493,426. 

/itnt/cA,  Wye*: 

ft'.  zjtb/w' 


'  .v.  K.u ......  %,W..  " 

iMtr  ■  %■/'/•.  January  i 


Edison  Manufacturing  Company,  - 

Orange,  New  Jersey.  /  }^Cpi, /,"J; . ^ 

Gentlemen:  ”  /  y  »...  A  ..  . 

Regarding  the  combined^  a  j^repp tiecn  and  kinetoscope,  which 
your  Mr.  James  H..  White  left  with  uTa> ew--.da.yk  ago,  the  drawings 
have  been  made  and  we  are  now  preparing  the  specification  for  an 
application  for  patent.  Kindly  notify  us  in  whose  name,  as  invent¬ 
or, the  application  should  be  drawn,  and  if  you  wish  an  assignment 
to  your  Company.  In connection- with  this  Bpecies  of  apparatus, 
which  we  understand  you  propose  to  put  upon  the  market,  we  wish  to 
call  your  attention  to  the  patent  granted,  September  5th, 1899, 

(No.  632,472)  to  Alvah  C.  Roebuck  and  Frank  McMillan  of  Chioago. 

The  general  arrangement  of  the  apparatus  of  this  patent  is  very 
similar  to  your  apparatus.  The  kinetoscope  and  objective  are 
mounted  upon  a  latteraftrmoveable  carriagejhead,  sliding  on  a  rod  or 
track  in  front  of  the  stereoptican  bellows.  The  stereopticoji  ob¬ 
jective  instead  of  being  carried  by  a  support  from  this  same  carriage 
or  head  is  pivoted  to  swing  on  the’  bellows  head,  so  that  before 
sliding  the  kinetoscope  in  front  of  the  bellowB  the  stereopticfn  j. 
objective  is  swung  to  one  side. 

Your  apparatus  in  its  general  arrangement  differs  only  in 
this  one  particular  from  the  Roebuck  and  MoMillan  patent.  Your 


'  r  2  -  4 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company. 

apparatus  appears  to  infringe  the  following  claims  of  this  patent: 

"1.  The  combination  of  a  ste re opt icon  having  a  remov¬ 
able  objective,  a  kinetoBcope  apparatus,  a  laterally 
movable  head  carrying  said  kinetoscope  apparatus,  and 
means  for  guiding  said  head  in  its  lateral  movement,  sub¬ 
stantially  as  set. forth. 

2.  The  combination  of  a  stereoptioon  having  a  removable 
objective  .  a  kinetoscoptic  apparatus,  a  laterally-movable 
head,  carrying  said  kinetoscoptic  apparatus,  and  means  for 
gulling  said  head  in  its  lateral  movement,  the  same  compris¬ 
ing  a  laterally-arranged  horozintal  track  secured  to  the 
stereopticon-support,  substantially  as  set  forth." 

Another  feature  ofyour  combined  kinetoscope  and  stereop- 
r|ticon,  as  to  which  you  may  become  involved  in  litigation,  should 
tjrou  put  the  apparatus  on  the  market,  is  the  film  feeding  device, 
vlt  is  somewhat  similar  in  its  general  features  to  the  film  or 


i"ribbon"  feeding  device  of  the  Lumiere  patent,  Mo. 579, 882,  grant- 
\^ed  March  30,  1897. 

In  your  apparatus  the  points  which  engage  the  film 
are  carried  by  a  frame,  which  is  given  a  double  reciprocating 
motion  by  being  supported  by  a  link  at  one  end  and  moved  by  a 
crank  at  the  other  end.  In  the  Lumiere  apparatus  there  is  a 
slide,  which  is  given  a  reoiprooating  motion  lengthwise  of  the 
film  by  means  of  an  eccentric  on  the  shutter  shaft.  This  slide 
carries  a  fork,  which  projects  through  holes  in  the  slide,  and 
two  knocker-arms  carried  by  the  shutter  shaft  reciprocate  the 
fork  through  the  slide,  into  and  out  of  engagement  with  the  film. 
In  other  words  after  the  film  is  drawn  down  by  the  fork, one  of 
the  knocker-arms  strikes  a  block  on  the  shank  of  the  fork  and 
withdraws  the  fork,  so  that  in  the  upward  movement  of  the  slide 

Edisoh  Manufacturing  Company. 

-  3  - 

the  fork  1b  not  engaged  with  the  film,  hut  when  the  slide  reaches 
the  top  of  its  movement,  the  other  knocker-arm  strikes  the  block 
on  the  shank  of  the  fork,  and  drives  the  fork  forward  into  en¬ 
gagement  with  the  film.  We;  give  below  a  copy  of  claims  1,4  and  5 
of  the  Lumiere  patent.  Your  feeding  device  appears  to  infringe 
the  terms  of  claims  four  and  five;  and  also  claim  one,  unless 
the  mounting  of  the  disk  or  shutter  upon  the  main  shaft,  which 
is  an  element  of  claim  one,  should  be  regarded  as  a  limitation 
of  that  claim  to  a  construction  not  the  equivalent  of  your 
location  of  the  shutter  on  another  shaft. 

"1.  In  combination,  the  reciprocating  slide  the  ro¬ 
tary  shaft,  the  points  operated  by  the  Bltde  for  engag¬ 
ing  a  ribbon,  the  disk  on  the  main  shaft  arranged  to  ex¬ 
pose  the  ribbon,  at  intervals,  substantially  as  described. 

4.  In  combination  with  the  ribbon  guide  and  holder, 
the  fork  having  points,  for  engaging  the  ribbon  and  means 
for  reciprocating  the  fork,  substantially  as  described. 

5.  In  combination  with  the  ribbon  guide  and 
Bupport,  the  fork  having  the  points  for  engaging  the 
ribbon  and  means  for  giving  the  fork  both  a  reoiprooatory 
movement  lengthwise  of  the  ribbon  and  a  reciprooation 
toward  and  away  from  the  same,  substantially  as  described." 

Although  you  have  not  asked  our  w.iew  on  these  matters,  we 
think  it  well  to  call  your  attention  to  this  situation  in  advance 
of  the  commercial  introduction  of  the  apparatus. 

Regarding  another  hinetoscope,  which  your  Mr.White  left 
with  us,  and  which  has  a  peculiar  film  feeding  movement,  consist¬ 
ing  of  a  rooking  frame  carrying  two  rollers,  whioh  move  alternate- 

-  4  - 

‘  Edison  Manufacturing  Company. 

ly  into  the  epaoee  between  the  clamping  frame  of  the  kinetosoope 
and  the  upper  and  lower  toothed  feed  rollers,  we  were  asked  by 
your  Mr.  White  to  say  whether  or  not  this  construction  infringes 
the  Armat  patent,  in  which  a  feed  movement  is  employed,  consisting 
of  an  eooentrioally  mounted  roller,  placed  between  the  clamping 
frame  and  the  lower  feed  roller,  and  acting  as  a  wiper  to  jerk  the 
film  down  during  a  part  of  its  revolution.  The  only  patent  to 
Armat,  whioh  we  can  find,  covering  this  construction  is.  No. 580,749 
dated  April  13,  1897,  in  the  claims  of  which,  the  broadest  state¬ 
ment  of  this  feature  is: 

.  .  "A  rotating  element  adapted  to  cause  the  film  to 
intermittently  move  through  said  tension  device." 

This  description  of  the  feature  we  do  not  jbhink  would  include  such 
a  device  as  your  rooking  frame.  Armatj^s^is^lso .  limited  to  gear¬ 
ing  the  parts .  so  that  the  interval  of  exposure  shall  be  longer 
than  the  interval  of  motion.  This  latter  feature  1b  also  not 
involved  in  your  rocking  feed  movement,  whioh  for  both  reasons 
We  do  not  oonsidei*  infringes  the  Arniat  patent. 

It.  should  be  remembered  that  Evans  in  his  English  patent. 
No.  3730  of  1890  had  an  oscillating  rollerfor  jerking  the  film, 
a  construction  nearer  your  device  than  is  Armat 's. 

We  have  not  made  an  examination  to  find  out  if  any  other 
patent  has  been  granted,  whioh  covers  your  rocking  feed,  but 
assuming  it  to  be  a  new  device,  we  have  no  doubt  it  is  patentable. 
We,  therefore,  recommend  that  an  application  for  a  patent  be  made. 
If  you  wish  this  done,  kindly  instruct  us  as  to  who  the  inventor 
16,  and  what  assignment,  if  any,  you  want  made. 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company. 

On  further  reflection  we  have  concluded  to  defer  further 
work  on  the  combination  klnetoscope  and  stereoptioon  case,  until 
we  hear  from  you. 



Mar oh  33,  1903. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 
Port  Myers, 


Dear  Mr.  Edison, - 

X  have  "been  ill  for  the  past  three  weeks,  and 
henoe  hare  been  unable  to  write  you  about  the  Kinetograph 
case.  I  am  leaving  today  for  Hot  Springs,  Virginia,  for 
two  woekn'  recuperation,  and  hope  to  have  on  tny  return  to 
the  office  your  views  as  to  the  suggestion  about  applying 
for  a  reissue  herein  set  forth.  Prank  and  myself  have  boon 
over  the  ground  very  carefully,  and  have  oonoluded  that  the 
decision  makes  it  clear  that  a  reissue  Bhould  be  applied  for. 
I  enclose  a  copy  of  the  patent  with  the  changes  whioh  we  pro¬ 
pose  indicated  in  red  ink,  and  with  a  oopy  of  the  proposed 
new  claims  attached.  These  claims,  you  will  see,  are  de¬ 
signed  to  give  a  monopoly  of  the  camera.  The  reissue,  if 
secured,  would  therefore  give  you  a  patent  whioh  at  least 
on  its  face  would  oover  all  single  lens,  single  tape,  in¬ 
termittent  motion  cameras.  We  see  no  ohance  under  the  de¬ 
cision  of  securing  ft  claim  whioh  will  cover  the  film  broad¬ 
ly,  but  olaim  6  of  the  original  patent  will  remain,  and  if 
the  Court  is  inolined  to  sustain  the  reissue  patent  at  all, 
we  believe  that  this  claim  would  be  sustained  against  films 

having  perforated  edges  designed  to  he  used  with  your  pro¬ 
jecting  machines  or  similar  projecting  machines.  The  Courts 
often  go  a  great  ways  to  sustain  a  man' a  speolfio  devioe  and  ’’ 
prevent  others  from  interfering  with  the  particular  trade 
which  he  has  built  up.  The  theory  of  unfair  competition 
helps  claims  of  this  kind.  This  claim  would  prevent  the 
importation  of  the  speolfio  kind  of  films,  as  well  as  the 
manufacture  of  that  specific  kind  in  this  country.  The 
claims  on  the  camera,  as  you  will  see,  are  based  on  claim  3 
of  the  original  patent.  The  first  of  these  new  claims  has 
bhe  same  elements,  and  largely  the  same  language,  as  olalm  3, 
but  the  elements  are  more  specifically  described.  I  would 
expect  to  sustain  this  claim,  and  in  a  new  oasa  we  could 
avoid  the  difficulties  which  were  presented  by  Morton’s 
senile  admissions.  Kindly  give  me  your  views  on  the  mat¬ 
ter.  The  papers  can  be  promptly  prepared,  and  the  reissue 
ought  to  be  promptly  granted,  although  the  Examiner,  Uttle- 
wood,  is  an  obstructionist,  and  an  appeal  to  the  Board  may 
become  neoossary.  But  even  with  this  delay,  the  reissue 
ought  to  be  granted  early  enough  to  get  a  new  suit  against 
the  Mutosoope  Company  going  in  the  late  summer  or  early  fall. 

1  feel  very  hopeful  that  something  more  than  a  mere  adver¬ 
tising  advantage  will  result  from  the  reissue.  It  is  a 
faot  that  a  number  of  reissues  of  this  kind  have  been  sus¬ 
tained  in  reoent  years,  and  the  Court  in  your  case  showa  the 

character  of  doubt  in  its  opinion  whioh  warrants  the  appli¬ 
cation  for  a  reissue. 

Yours  very  truly, 



J£',r  Spent  IOa-  'n-r-  v  GULPS' 

tyr,C/fy:  %?,/,„ /i  *  ?$&„£  /%,„.JrJ.  7wt1 

Q/nrffar/,. v  May  6,  1902. 

W.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq., 

Vice  -Pres  ident  ,Edis  on  iianfgij  Company,? 

0  r  a  fci  g  e  ,  N.  J. 

i .  i  AY  7  15!);;  . 

We  understand  that  Rock,  Blackton  and  Smith  are  du¬ 
plicating  foreign  films  and  perforating  the  edges  thereof  to 
adapt  them  for  use  on  the  Edison  kinetoscope.  In  doing 
this  they  are  unquestionably  in  contempt  of  Court,  inasmuch 
as  the  film  so  constructed  embodies  the  invention  of  claim 
6  of  the  Edison  kinetograph  patent  under  which  these  individ¬ 
uals  are  enjoined.  As  to  proceeding  against  them  by  appli¬ 
cation  for  punishment  for  this  contempt,  the  wiBdom  of  this 
must  be  determined  in  view  of  the  following  considerations: - 
Claim  5  of  the  Edison  patent  has  been  held  invalid  by 
the  Court  of  Appeals.  Claim  6,  not  involved  in  the  Muto- 
scope  case,  differs  from  claim  5  only  with' respect  to  the 
limitation  that  the  film  must  be  provided  with  perforate 
edges,  and  perforating  the  edges  of  a  moving  picture  film 
is  not  broadly  new  in  view  of  the  use  of  perf orate-edged 
tape  for  recording  instruments  of  one  sort  and  another,  as 
well  as  the  allusion  contained  in  the  LePrince  battery  cam¬ 
era  patent  to  perforating  the  edges  of  the  picture  ribbons 
to  insure  proper  feed.  In  view  of  this,  there  is  a  possi¬ 
bility  that  upon  an  application  to  punish  for  contempt  the 

(W.  E.  G. ,  2) 

Court  might  hold  that  claim  6  did  not  materially  differ 
in  a  patentable  sense  from  claim  5,  and  that  since  claim  5 
has  been  held  invalid  by  a  superior  tribunal,  the  defendants, 
although  technically  in  oontempt,  could  not  be  punished.  We 
assume  that  this  showing  would  be  made  with  more  or  less 
force,  because  since  the  Mutoscope  Company  and  others  are 
doing  the  same  thing,  Rock  £t  al  would  in  all  probability 
call  upon  the  Mutoscope  Company  to  undertake  their  defence, 
and  the  argument  in  their  behalf  would  be  at  least  intelli¬ 
gent  and  based  on  the  developments  of  the  Mutoscope  case. 

As  against  the  above,  are  the  following  facts 
Rock  _et  al  were  sued  under  the  patent  and  elected  not  to 
defend  but  to  submit  to  injunction.  After  the  injunctions 
had  been  issued  against  all  three,  they  were  found  in  con¬ 
tempt  and  when  we  moved  for  their  attachment  the  Court  in 
effect  stated  that  he  was  morally  convinced  of  their  guilt 
but  that  he  was  uneible  to  puniBh  them  slnoe  our  only  tes¬ 
timony  proving  such  guilt  was  drawn  from  their  own  mouths, 
rather  than  from  disinterested  witnesses.  Therefore,  al¬ 
though  praotically  found  guilty,  they  were  allowed  to  es¬ 
cape.  This  situation  on  being  brought  to  the  attention  of 
the  Court  would  in  all  probability  predispose  the  Court  in 
our  favor  on  this  second  application  to  punish  the  defend¬ 
ants  for  their  violation  of  the  injunction. 

(W.  E.  S.,  3) 

Again,  it  may  be  argued  that  claim  6  is  more  limited 
than  claim  5  and  so  drawn  aB  to  cover  only  the  specific 
advance  in  the  art  made  by  Mr.  Edison;  that  Mr.  Edison  had 
developed  and  put  on  the  market  the  exhibiting  machine  de¬ 
signed  to  use  the  specific  thing  of  the  sixth  claim,  even 
determining  the  distance  between  the  edge  perforations, 
etc.,  and  that  these  defendants  had  adopted  the  exact  thing 
of  that  claim  in  competition  with  Mr.  Edison's  moving  picture 
enterprise.  This  feature  of  the  case  would  go  somewhat 
strongly  to  the  equities  of  the  situation  and  might  reason¬ 
ably  impress  the  Court  much  in  our  favor. 

Of  course,  you  will  have  in  mind  that  if  the  injunc¬ 
tions  granted  under  the  kinetograph  patent  are  to  be  violat¬ 
ed  with  impunity,  we  might  as  well  hate  none,  and  if  the 
only  question  involved  were  as  to  the  ohanceB  of  success  or 
failure  of  our  application  to  punish  these  particular  de¬ 
fendants,  we  should  without  hesitation  advise  you  to  pro¬ 
ceed.  The  only  danger  which  we  can  now  foresee  is  that  the 
Court  might,  in  view  of  the  trifling  difference  between  claims 
6  and  5  of  the  Edison  patent  and  having  the  decision  of  the 
Court  of  Appeals  fresh  in  mind,  hold  that  the  application 
to  punish  should  be  denied  because  of  the  probable  invalidi¬ 
ty  of  the  former  claim  —  a  thing  which  might  embarrass  us 
later  on  in  a  proceeding  brought  under  the  reissue  whioh  we 
hope  to  obtain  and  in  which  claim  6  of  the  present  patent 

will  be  included.  The  chances  that  the  Court  will  take  this 
action  are  somewhat  remote,  yet  it  is  still  a  possibility. 

As  to  the  character  of  proof  against  Rook  ejt  al  whloh 
must  he  obtained  before  we  proceed,  we  can  only  say  that 
this  should  be  clear  and  convincing.  We  suggest  that  you 
consider  the  foregoing,  and,  if  in  view  of  it  you  wish  us  to 
proceed,  that  Mr.  White  call  upon  ub  and  give  vis  suoh  in¬ 
formation  as  he  has,  whereupon  we  will  determine  what  fur¬ 
ther  steps  to  take. 

Yours  very  truly,  ( 



(kuu^yt  u^ 

^  4/(  /LaAm*  Y  ^  ^ 

V7^  *K  ^  V^.  J.  ^  U^  J 

<1/t^w['^  Uu'  i^,  ->u^  .  r  •  '  v~ 

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Jun  v  /m 

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4  Sz-oUsx.  0 Lsr-tM.-  <A  ^  **-  0^|»«'  I^v4-  -  ’H'  ^ 

i^aJLi-ilFC^  '  ■Vv^Pijl  Liu  >U-(te^*-a-a-^?  av^u*y**», 
■  k  ~Uu_.  <ny-iu~.aJl _ 

0"  E^t-W 

3/CwXjU>  Ow-^j  |L. 

<M  YrnMxA*  -rrCUy  UJuk. 

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=>.  c--*—  , 

U/ju^  tiu! - *XeC  ^  >r^f^  CU^^L 

f^ehti  (nru^  f  |L  u^  j^t«-, 

IT* . t“*' 

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-  "in* 

C^uJj^u  ItLf  Is>u, 





■  C.A//ry'  A  y/’j: 

y/rr^y/y, /,„/t  .  ^v,/  7«w.1 

.  .v.  . r"-y™ 

'M/r  -  M;’/-.  June  20,  1902. 

W.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq., 

Vice-President  and  General  Manager, 
Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 
Dear  Sir:-  Orange,  M.J. 



JUiJKI  1902 
A  A  H8. . 

We  15 eS  t0  enclose  herewith  copy  of  a  letter  from  the 
attorney  for  the  American  Vltagraph  Company  et  al.,  together 
with  copy  of  our  response.  Please  advise  us  as  to  what 
steps  you  wish  us  to  take  in  that  connection. 

Yours  truly, 




"(COPY. ) 

New  York,  June  18th,  1902, 

Messrs.  Dyer,  Edmonds  &  Dyer, 

31  Nassau  Street, 



cis  on  of  the  Couh  of  Appeals  in  the^ase  of  Mr.  Edison 
that^all^f  ?t°Sr??h  a™*Mutoscope  Company.  They  tell  me 

s^at'SJ's  if  c  -sf-s*”* 1 

had  consented  to  the^ntr^of  a  decree  ^d^/injunction*1183 

a*pi[tant1Shioh1I  mS""?’  also>  theM  Nad  been  enjoined  on 
a  patent  which  I  understood  was  not  involved  in  the  h  +  h™ 
tion  with  the  Biograph  people.  I  havenltlookPdinJotS; 
matter  very  carefully,  hut  I  presume  that  that  is  tWac?? 



for  anv  lllnlt  ^erstand  that  these  gentlemen  do  not  ask 

in  n„+x,  ^“kindly  submit  this  request  to  whoever  is 

inauthority  with  regard  to  the  matter  and  let  me  know  about 

Yours  truly, 

W.R. Baird. 



June  30,  1903. 

W.  R.  Baird,  Esq., 

271  Broadway, 


Dear  S:Lrs- 

Ro  spending  to  yours  of  lath  instant,  we  hog  to  say 
that  we  doubt  very  much  if  your  clients  are  in  position  to 
ask  any  courtesy  at  our  hands.  Wo  have  had  under  advise- 
ment  for  some  time  past  the  question  of  proceeding  against 
them  for  a  further  violation  of  the  injunctions  issued  in 
the  two  oases  on  the  Edison  patents.  What  others  are  do¬ 
ing  in  this  connection  is  of  no  moment, in .  vitew  of  the  histo¬ 
ry  of  the  litigation  between  Mr.  Edison  and  your  clients. 

We  p resume  that  you  are  aware  that  the  case  againet 
the  Mutosoope  Company  involved  only  claims  1,  3,  g  and  5 
of  the  Kinetograph  patent  —  that  the  most  that  your  clients 
would  he  entitled  to  ask  for  under  any  circumstances  is  a 
modification  of  the  injunction  against  them  bo  far  as  it 
concerns  these  claims.  If  it  he  true,  as  we  strongly  sus¬ 
pect  it  is,  that  your  clients  have  been  since  that  decision 
using  films  coming  within  the  soope  of  claim  6,  we  believe 
that. this  contempt  of  Court. places  them  in  position  where 
they  cannot  he  heard  to  urge  even  this  modification.  How¬ 
ever,  we  have  placed  the  matter  before  our' client,  and  will 


(W.  R.  B.,  2) 

advise  you  later  as  to  the  result. 

Yours  truly, 



ur/ „/.s 
/'  £.?jyr/: 

S  ,  '/'  - 

■  ~/yry'  C/^/ry; 

•  j/trr/rf//y':  .  '/rf/rtz/l  ,?/'  .  V/f /,■/// 

■;/.  u. . ///;,,/. 

July  10,  1902. 


5.  Gilmore,  Esq. , 

Vioe-Presdt.  &  Gen.  Mgr.  Edison  Mfg. 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Co. , 

_  -  yp 

8th  inst.  refqrrfngfStt^S  oopying  of 

rf-i  -  1  "*W&  y  y 


i^opeby  luhin  e 


ration  of  Mr.  White 
iding  de- 

Bear  Sir,-  ^  ^ 

^■"■xSmr^aTor  of  SJdb 
your  present  proje^ 
application  received. 

The  application  for  patent  *x 
covers  a  form  of  kinetoscope  in  whiqh,J 
vice  consists  of  a  frame  having^'Weth  and  receivings  re¬ 
ciprocating  motion  from  a  orank  whioh  is  driven  at  a  varying 
speed  by  elliptical  gears.  Erom  thiB  description  you  can 
determine  whether  the  case  is  on  the  “new  small  machine" 
which  you  are  about  to  bring  out.  The  same  application 
also  covers  certain  features  of  a  combined  projecting  kineto- 
soope  and  stereoptloon.  The  application  is  awaiting  action 
by  the  Patent  Office,  having  been  twice  rejected  and  twice 
amended.  Quite  a  number  of  claims  have  been  allowed,  and 
a  good  patent  will  Undoubtedly  be  obtained. 

In  this  connection  we  would  say  that  some" time  ago 
we  advised  the  taking  out  of  a  patent  on  a  form  of  projecting 
kinetoscope  having  a  rooker  feed.  This  struok  us  as  being 
a  particularly  simple  and  effective  device,  and-one-less  open 

to  the  criticism  of  infringing  specific  patents  owned  by 
others  than  is  the  machine  with  the  rake  feed,  such  as  is 
described  in  the  application  of  Mr.  White  just  referred  to. 
We  were  about  to  file  an  application  in  Hr.  White's  name  on 
this  rocker-feed  maohine,  when  we  were  instructed  not  to  do 
so  because,  we  .were  told,  Mr.  Edison  thought  it  infringed 
the  details  claimed  by  the  Armat  patent.  We  subsequently 
explained  to  Mr.  Edison  that  the  Armat  feed  movement  was  a 
different  thing,  and  was  not  as  close  to  the  rocker  feed  as 
an  older  English  patent  to  Evans.  After  this  talk  with 
Mr.  Edison,  we  expected  to  get  instructions  from  you  to  pro- 
oeed  with  the  application,  but  such  instructions  were  never 
given.  Hr.  White  will  probably  recollect  the  circumstances. 
If  you  propose  to  put  out  this  maohine  with  rocker  feed,  we 
certainly  think  you  should  take  a  specifio  patent  on  it. 

Regarding  the  hub in  matter,  you  never  patented  the 
details  of  your  present  projecting  kinetoscope,  and  we  as¬ 
sume  that  it  is  now  too  late  to  do  so  on  account  of  two 
years'  publio  use.  You  could  sue  Rubin,  however,  on  Mr. Edi¬ 
son's  kinetoscope  patent  Ho.  493,426,  a  copy  of  which  we  en¬ 
close.  Claim  13  of  this  patent  covers  such  a  maohine  as 
your  present  projecting  kinetoscope,  and  olairas  1,  6  and  7 
cover  such  a  maohine  when  used  in  oonneotion  with  a  bank  of 
rolls  for  repeating.  We  suggest  that  you  have  somebody  buy 
a  projecting  kinetoscope  from  Rubin,  also  a  bank  of  rolls  if 
he  makes  this  device,  and  also  one  or  more  of  his  films  which 

he  has  duplicated  from  your  copyrighted  films.  After  this 
purohaBe  is  made,  you  should  bring  a  suit  against  him  on  the 
kinetosoope  patent,  and  force  him  to  make  a  fight  or  to  per¬ 
mit  us  to  take  a  deoree.  The  result  of  suoh  a  suit  if  a 
vigorous  defence  was  made  is,  to  say  the  least,  doubtful, 
but  we  would  not  expect  Lubin  to  put  up  the  money  for  a 
vigorous  defence,  and  besides  this  the  fact  that  he  is  copy¬ 
ing  your  machine  and  your  copyrighted  films  would  make  a 
strong  equity  in  favor  of ' sustaining  the  patent.  The  writer 
will  be  glad  to  talk  this  matter  over  with  you,  and  will  re¬ 
fer  to  it  when  you  call  regarding  the  mandamus  matter  about 
which  he  has  written  you. 



'Atr/tttt '// yt'  /Syr,  ♦ 

S/wtttr/ Y//;t4fuftr/i « 

f2/fy/v:  (Qc/mo/utYj 

9u>?%r&  August  12,  1902. 

W.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq.. 

Vice-Presdt  Edison  Mfg.  Co. , 

Orange,  N.J. 

Uf  *~c 


MJKtSff/O  fat 

Dear  Sir,- 

Answering  your  letter  of  the  11th  inst.  enquiring  as 
to  the  item  of  $327.96  contained  in  our  hill  of  July  31st, 
we  heg  to  state  that  this  charge  represents  the  servioes  of 
looal  attorneys  in  Chicago  attending  to  the  kinetograph  and 
kinetoscope  suits  against  Sears-Roebuok  Co. ,  William  N.  Selig, 
Stereoptioon  &  Film  Exchange,  Edward  D.  Otis,  and  Enterprise 
Optical  Mfg.  Co.,  such  servioes  consisting  of  filing  hills 
of  complaint,  procuring  bondsmen,  filing  bonds,  attending 
at  Marshal's  office  re  service  of  subpoenas,  filing  replica¬ 
tions,  arranging  for  extensions  of  time  for  taking  proofs, 
attending  call  of  calendar,  correspondence  and  miscellaneous 
servioes  from  August  1899  to  May  21st  1902,  and  disbursements 
additional  to  those  we  had  already  remitted  in  oonneotion 
with  Marshal's  fees  and  Court  oosts. 

Yours  truly, 


William  E.  Gilmore,  Esq., 

Edison  Manufacturing 
Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  your  letter  of  the  11th  inst.,  in  re 
Kinetograph  Company,  I  heg  to  state,  that  I  have  looked  up  this 
matter  in  our  office  and  fail  to  find  any  reonrd  of  it. 

I  note  what  you  say  in  referenoe  to  the  i  took  never  having 
been  issued^  If  this  is  the  fact,  the  oompaiy  can  he  dissolved 
by  filing  Ha  formal  certificate,  and  the  expense  in  this  connec¬ 

tion  would  be  very  slight.  I  would  perfer,  however,  to  call  this 
matter  to  Mr,  Hayes'  attention  before  I  take  aiy  steps  in  the- matter, 
and  will  therefore  allow  it  to  await  his  returi  on  the . ,26th  inst. 

In  the  mean  time,  to  forstall  an  assessment  /jiiade  by  the  State 
Board  of  Assessors,  I  would  Buggest  that  you  a  knowledge  receipt  Late 
of  the  notice,  and  sftate  that  the  stook  ha^r&e-  er  been  issued  and 
that  consequently  the  company  never  did. any  buiiness,  and  that  im¬ 
mediate  steps  will  be  taken  to  ^fiLle  §/certifio«te  surrendering  the 

y  /... 



/fiTTours  truly, 

We  are  glad  to  advise  you  of  the  allowance  of  the 
two  reissue  applications  on  kinetoscopes  and  kinetoscopio  films 

The  claims  allowed  in  the  first  case  are  the  following: - 

"1.  An  apparatus  for  taking  photographs  suitable 
for  the  exhibition  of  objects  in  motion,  having  in  com¬ 
bination  a  camera  having  a  singLe  stationary  lens;  a 
single  sensitized  tape  film  supported  on  opposite  sideB 
of,  and  longitudinally  movable  with  respect  to,  the  lens, 
and  having  an  intermediate  section  crossing  the  lens; 
feeding  devices  engaging  such  intermediate  seotion  of 
the  film  and  moving  the  same  aoross  the  lens  of  the  cam¬ 
era  at  a  high  rate  of  speed  and  with  an  intermittent 
motion;  and  a  shutter  exposing  successive  portions  of 
the  film  during  the  periods  of  reBt,  substantially  as 
set  forth. 

"2.  An  apparatus  for  taking  photographs  suitable 
for  the  exhibition  of  objects  in  motion,  having  in  com¬ 
bination  a  camera  having  a  single  stationary  lens;  a 
single  sensitized  tape  film  supported  on  opposite  sides 
of,  and  longitudinally/  movable  with  respect  to,  the 
lenB,  and  having  an  intermediate  section  crossing  the 
lens;  a  continuously  rotating  driving  Bhaft;  feeding 
devic  es  operated  by  said  shaft  engaging  such  interme¬ 
diate  seotion  of  the  film  and  moving  the  same  across  the 
lens  of  the  camera  at  a  high  rate  of  speed  and  with  an 
intermittent  motion;  and  a  continuously  rotating  shut¬ 
ter  operated  by  said  shaft  for  e:p  osirg  successive  por- 
tions  bf  the  film  during  the  periods  of  rest,  substan¬ 
tially';  as  Jet  forth. 

"3.  An  apparatus  for  taking  photographs  suitable 
for  the  exhibition  of  objects  in  motion,  having  in  cdnbi- 
tion  a  camera  having  a  single  stationary  lens;  a  single 
sensitized  tape  film  supported  on  opposite  sides  of, 
and  longitudinally  movable  with  respect  to,  the  lens, 
and  having  an  intermediate  section  crossing  the  lens; 
a  continuously  rotating  driving  shaft;  feeding  devices 
operated  by  said  shaft  engaging  such  intermediate  sec¬ 
tion  of  the  film  and  moving  the  same  aoross  the  lens 
of  the  camera  at  a  high  rate  of  speed  and  with  an  in¬ 
termittent  motion;  a  shutter  exposing  suooessive  por¬ 
tions  of  the  film  during  the  periods  of  rest;  and  a 
reel  revolved  by  said  shaft  with  variable  speed  for 
winding  the  film  thereon  after  ayp  oBure,  substantially 
as  set  forth. 

"4.  An  apparatus  for  taking  photographs  suitable 
for  the  exhibition  of  objects  in  motion,  having  In  combi¬ 
nation  a  single  camera,  and  means  for  passing  a  sensi¬ 
tized  tape-film  across  the  lens  at  a  high  rate  of  speed 
and  with  an  intermittent  motion,  and  for  exposing  suc¬ 
cessive  portions  of  the  film  during  the  periods  of  rest, 
the  periods  of  rest  being  greater  than  the  periods  of 
motion,  substantially  as  set  forth." 

The  claims  allowed  in  the  second  case  are  the  fol¬ 
lowing  :  - 

"!•  An  unbroken  transparent  or  translucent  tapelike 
photographic  film  having  thereon  uniform  sharply  defined 
photographs  of  suooessive  positions  of  an  object  in  no¬ 
tion  as  observed  from  a  single  point  of  view  at  rapidly 
reourring  intervals  of  time,  such  photographs  being  ar¬ 
ranged  in  a  continuous  straight-line  sequence,  unlimited 
in  number  save  by  the  length  of  the  film,  and  suffi¬ 
cient  in  number  to  represent  the  movements  of  the  ob¬ 
ject  throughout  an  extended  period  of  time,  substantial¬ 
ly  as  deanriTind.  ’ 

"2.  An  unbroken  transparent  or  translucent  tap elite 
photographic  film  provided  with  perforated  edges  and 
having  thereon  uniform  sharply  defined  photographs  of 
Buooessive  positions  of  an  object  in  motion  as  observed 
from  a  singLe  point  of  view  at  rapidly  recurring  inter- 
tJme?  such  photographs  being  arranged  in  a  con¬ 
tinuous  straight-line  sequence,  unlimited  in  number 
save  by  the  length  of  the  film,  and  sufficient  in  num¬ 
ber  to  represent  the  movements,  of  the  object  thi-ourfiout 
an  extended  period  of  time,  substantially  aB  described." 

(T.  A.  3$. ,  3) 

The  reissue  patents  will  issue  September  30,  1902. 
Yours  very  truly, 


Newark,  N.  J.  Oct.  3,  190f;. 

William  E.  Gilmore,  Esq., 

National  Phonograph  Co., 

Orange,  N.  J.  (.r 

Dear  Sir:-  '  ; 

1  have  your  favor  telling  me  of  the 'owe' of  the  two  kinet- 
oeoope  patents.  I  will  send  for  copieB  of  them  at  once  as  they  will 
he  useful  in  the  Lubin  cases.  I  want  to  take  great  pains  in  those 
cases  not  to  have  any  allegations  made  by  Mr.  Edison  which  can  In 
any  way  the  successful  proseoution.  of  the  suits  to  be  brought 

under  those  patents. 

Yours  truly, 

/•  /.  ?Jyrr. 

■  ~y  '/w.  f  vt//j  %.'__/'y//: 

-.■Vi  E.  Gilmore,  Esq., 

Vioe-Presdt.  Edison  Mfg.  Co., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir,- 

We  enclose  copy  of  the  decision  of  Judge  Hazel  on 
the  Jenkins  and  Armat  patent.  The  point  covered  hy  this  ' 
patent  is  making  the  machine  so  that  the  film  will  he  illumi¬ 
nated  more  than  one-half  of  the  time.  We  have  secured  a 
copy  of  the  record  and  hriefs  from  Mr.  Page,  the  defendant's 
attorney,  and  we  will  make  a  careful  examination  of  these  so 
as  to  be  ready  to  meet  any  motion  for  preliminary  injunction, 
since  such  motions  may  be  expected.  We  asked  Mr.  Page  if 
the  MutoBCope  Company  intended  to  appeal  the  case.  He  re¬ 
plied  that  he  had  some  doubts  on  this  point,  because  his 
client  has  not  infringed  the  patent  for  some  time  paBt,  all 
its  projecting  machines  having  shutters  which  are  open 'only 
for  one-half  of  a  oircle.  Your  machines  would  likewise 
avoid  the  patent  if  provided  with  such  shutters,  but  we. 
imagine  that  it  would  be  more  difficult  to  do  this  with  your 
machine  than  with  the  Biograph  on  account  of  the  greater  en¬ 

largement  necessary  with  the  Edison  films. 

We  return  clipping  sent  with  your  letter  of  27th  inst. 
This  seems  to  have  all  the  facts  twisted,  but  one  point  of 

information  it  appears  to  give  is  that  a  suit  has  been 
brought  against  Lubin.  We  will  confirm  that  fact  this  week. 

Yours  verv^truly, 

r-  a.,'  ' Ly^- 





fl'Ay/sr;  6)  fr\*2/$yer,' 

fAm/t/dk/ :  &///■/■/■& $»  $////!/ /,6  f(y//.//,jM‘.  %wmSV 

'  rM^u//,.f^A  x*j**m** 

November  11,  1902. 

w. ,  [SiraT] 

Vice-President  and  General  Manaesr,  N0V12  1902 
Edison  Manufacturing  Cot, 

Oran  gVflN8g«..jtf .  J 

Dear  Slr:- 

Your  favor  of  the  7th  instant  received.  We  have 
noted  your  lnBtruotlons  regarding  advice  to  exhibitors,  deal¬ 
ers,  etc.  We  enclose  a  form  of  agreement  which  can  be 
made  with  dealers  and  exhibitors.  This  fora  may  not,  meet 
all  the  business  conditions  which  you  have  in  mind,  and  if 
it  does  not  we  shall  be  glad  to  revise  it  to  meet  your  views. 
Yours  very^rtruly, 




AGREEMENT  made  this  day  of  , 

190  ,  between  EDISON  ItAliUFACTURING  COMPANY  of  Orange,  New 
Jersey,  party  of  the  first  part,  and 

of  ,  party  of  the 

second  part. 

WHEREAS,  the  party  of  the  second  part  is 

moving  picture  apparatus  and  films  and 
has  been  threatened  with  suit  by  the  Armat  Moving  Picture 
Company  for  patent  infringement;  and 

WHEREAS,  the  party  of  the  first  part  is  the  manu¬ 
facturer  of  Edison  Projecting  Kinetoscopes  and  Edison  Pilras, 
and  is  willing  to  undertake  at  its  own  expense  the  defence 
of  any  such  suit  directed  against  its  own  apparatus  and 
providing  the  party  of  the  second  part  will 

only  the  Edison  Projecting  Kinetoscopes  and  the 
Edison  Films  manufactured  by  the  party  of  the  first  part; 


I.  The  party  of  the  second  part  covenants  and 

agrees  only  Edison  Project¬ 

ing  Kinetoscopes  and  Edison  Films  manufactured  by  the  party 
of  the  first  part,  and  not  to  °°  moving 

picture  apparatus  or  films  of  any  other  manufacture. 

II.  The  party  of  the  first  part  covenants  and 
agrees  to  conduct, at  its  own  expense  and  by  counsel  of  its 
own  selection, the  defence  of  any  suit  which  may  be  brou^it 
by  the  Armat  Moving  Picture  Company  against  the  party  of 
the  second  part  for  patent  infringement, directed  against 
Edison  Projecting  Kinetoscopes  or  Edison  FIIdb  . 

III.  The  party  of  the  second  part  will  promptly 
notify  the  party  of  the  first  part  of  the  bringing  of  any 


U/  / 

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Life  Motion  Pictures 


I’.UtT  )’  I  ’()(.'!{ A  >1  M  H. 
Everything  Appears  Alive. 


And  Other  Subjects, 

See  Next  Page. 

1902.  Patents  (D-02-27) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
foreign  and  domestic  patent  applications,  patent  litigation,  and  other  patent 
matters.  Most  of  the  material  consists  of  correspondence  between  Edison,  the 
law  firm  of  Dyer,  Edmonds  &  Dyer,  and  Robert  Rafn  concerning  storage  battery 
patents  in  Europe.  Also  included  are  items  regarding  phonographs,  motion 
pictures,  and  other  matters.  At  the  end  of  the  folder  is  an  undated  document  in 
Edison's  hand  pertaining  to  electric  meter  patents. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
following  categories  have  not  been  selected:  routine  correspondence  about 
application  fees  or  patent  renewals;  receipts;  letters  of  transmittal;  reports 
concerning  the  subdivision  of  German  patent  applications;  and  documents  that 
duplicate  information  in  selected  material. 




January  8,  1002. 

Mr.  Robert  Rafn, 

C/o  Messrs.  Harris  &  Mills, 

23  Southampton  Bldgs., 

London,  W.C.,  England. 

My  dear  Mr.  Rafn,- 

Sinoe  my  return  to  New  York  from  the  South, 

I  have  been  so  buBily  occupied  that  I  have  not  been  able  to 
give  adequate  attention  to  the  several  letters  whioh  you 
have  written  me  from  Berlin,  Vienna  and  London.  During  the 
past  few  days  I  have  very  carefully  reviewed  the  present  con¬ 
dition  of  the  several  German  applications  exoept  oases  122a, 
122*5  and  122°  filed  on  May  21st  last  and  concerning  whioh  wo 
have  just  received  word  from  Dr.  Sell.  Before  taking  up 
suoh  portions  of  your  letters  as  require  definite  answer, 
allow  me  to  thank  you  for  the  very  full  and  complete  trans¬ 
lations  you  have  furnished  me  of  the  several  papers  which 
have  been  filed  in  Berlin  under  your  direction.  I  will 
oonsider  it  a  favor  if  you  will  see  that  all  future  communi¬ 
cations  to  and  from  the  foreign  Patent  Offices  are  trans¬ 
lated  and  forwarded  to  me,  in  order  that  our  files  may  be 

I  am  inclined  to  agree  with  you  that  the  ohanoes  of 
securing  a  broad  claim  on  insoluble  eleotrodes  and  invaria- 

Die  electrolyte  In  connection  with  the  oadmium-oopper  oaso, 
seera3  to  be  out  of  the  question,  (1)  beoauee  the  conditions 
are  not  completely  fulfilled  by  that  combination,  (a)  be¬ 
cause  Jungner  suggests  it,  and  (3)  because  of  the  prior 
American  patent  to  S’aure.  It  would  appear  from  the  reports 
which  Dr.  Sell  has  made  on  the  applications,  that  the  effort 
to  secure  such  a  broad  claim  would  probably  prejudice  the 
other  applications.  Mr.  Edison  seems  to  be  now  of  the 
opinion  that  the  iron-nickel  combination,  if  properly  claim¬ 
ed,  will  be  sufficient  for  his  purpose,  so  that  I  would  not 
advise  a  strenuous  insistence  on  the  broad  claim  in  question, 
at  least  at  this  time.  It  appears  to  me  that  possibly  the 
broad  application  might  be  held  in  abeyanoe  until  the  speci¬ 
fic  patents  were  granted,  and  that  then  a  vigorous  fight  for 
the  claim  could  be  made,  if  Mr.  Edison  wished  us  to  moke  the 

In  this  country,  if  Jungner,  for  example,  had  obtain¬ 
ed  a  patent  on  his  silver-copper  battery,  he  might  obtain  a 
olaim  on  insoluble  electrodes  and  invariable  electrolyte, 
which  patent  would  therefore  praotically  cover  the  principle 
of  a  non-deteriorating  battery.  If,  however,  Edison,  for 
example,  could  show  that  the  elements  suggested  by  Jungner 
were  not  insoluble,  but  that,  on  the  other  hand,  the  ele¬ 
ments  which  Edison  had  discovered  wore  insoluble,  the  Jung¬ 
ner  patent  would  then  hot  operate  as  a  reference,  and  Edison 
himself  could  obtain  a  patent  With  the  same  olaim  which  wc 

will  suppose  had  previously  been  granted  to  Jungner.  Ap¬ 
parently,  however,  the  chance  of  getting  suoh  a  broad  olain 
in  this  oountry  seems  to  he  slim  in  viev;  of  the  Paure  patent. 
The  practice  outlined  is  not,  as  1  understand  it,  followed 
in  Germany,  because  in  that  country  the  Jungner  patent  is 
considered  a  good  reference  to  anticipate  the  broad  claim, 
even  if  it  is  inoperative.  Of  course  Prof.  Vohl’s  sugges¬ 
tion  that  the  Jungner  patent  might  be  annulled,  might  be 
followed,  but  I  understand  that  this  proposition  has  been 
already  vetoed  by  the  Patent  Office  officials, 

Your  reference  to  the  practical  suooess  of  the  Jung- 
ner  battery  in  Stockholm  is  interesting,  but  I  must  say  it 
comos  as  a  surprise  to  me  in  view  of  your  experiments  with 
the  Jungner  combination  at  the  laboratory.  Bo  you  still 
think  the  silver-copper  battery  is  impracticable  on  aooount 
of  the  solubility  of  the  elements? 

In  reference  to  the  Austrian  cadmium-copper  oase, 

I  think  the  decision  to  divide  the  application  is  oorrect', 
and  have  therefore  asked  Mr.  Edison  to  execute  a  new  power 
of  attorney  in  order  that  the  division  may  be  effected.  ... 

As  soon  as  this  power  is  returned,  it  will  be  forwarded  to 
Brandon  Bros,  with  instructions  to  effect  the  division. 

The  claims  as  drawn  by  you  are  entirely  satisfactory,  and 
we  have  therefore  given  instructions  to  have  them  accepted. 

In  reference  to  the  Austrian  magnesium  oase,  I  not© 
your  suggestion  that  the  description  and  olairas  should  be 

(  .< 

amandod  to  more  olosely  correspond  with  the  Austrian  prac¬ 
tice,  and  we  have  therefore  suggested  to  Messrs.  Brandon 
Bros,  that  Mr.  Tischler  he  given  instructions  with  this  end 
in  view. 

Your  complimentary  references  to  the  Austrian  Exami¬ 
ner  are  oertainly  refreshing  in  comparison  with  the  obstinacy 
and  stupidity  which  appears  to  he  shown  hy  the  Berlin  of¬ 
ficials.  Mr.  Edison  is  showing  great  patience  in  the  faoe 
of  the  ohstaoles  which  seem  to  he  thrown  in  the  way  of  his 
German  applications,  although  in  recent  conversation  with 
him  he  seemed  to  have  some  hopes  that  Mr.  Seuhel  would  he 
successful  in  having  the  cases  put  in  the  hands  of  some 
other  Examiner. 

In  reference  to  the  Austrian  nickel-iron  (February) 
case,  I  am  much  interested  to  know  that  when  the  first  claim 
of  a  patent  covers  a  general  combination,  a  subsidiary 
claim  drawn  on  one  of  the  elements  of  the  combination  does 
not  cover  that  element  generally,  but  only  when  used  in  the 
specific  combination.  This  is  not  the  oase  in  this  coun¬ 
try,  where  all  the  olaims  stand  on  an  entirely  independent 
footing.  In  view  of  this  narrow  construction  of  an  Austrian 
or  German  patent,  it  beoomes,  as  you  say,  of  vast  importance 
that  the  separate  elements  of  the  cells  should  be  oovered  by 
separate  patents,  and  I  am  glad,  therefore,  to  have  this 
justification  for  the  expense  and  trouble  which  so  many  divi¬ 
sional  applications  have  put  us  to.  The  objections  which 

(  -4 

the  Examiner  urges  against  the  olaimB  are,  of  course,  what 
were  to  he  expeoted  in  view  of  the  German  aotions.  It 
seems  to  me  that  the  olaims  ought  to  he  limited  to  the  fol¬ 
lowing  features: 

1.  A  battery  using  an  alkaline  electrolyte  and  employing 
an  electrode  utilising  a  olosed  reoeptacle  having  per¬ 
forated  walls  and  containing  a  mixture  of  eleotrolyti- 
cally  active  niokel  hydroxide  and  a  flakelike  inert  bon- 
Aucting  material. 

2.  An  alkaline  battery  employing  an  aotive  element  consis¬ 
ting  of  an  iron  oxide  lower  than  the  ferric  state  and 
capable  of  being  electrolytically  reduoed  to  the  metal¬ 
lic  condition. 

S.  The  sub-prooess  of  making  the  iron  from  the  monosulphide. 

4.  An  alkaline  battery  employing  two  elements,  one  consis¬ 
ting  of  electrolytically  aotive  nickel  hydroxide,  and  the 
other  eleotrolytioally  aotive  finely  divided  iron  when 

5.  The  nickelplated  reoeptaoles  perforated  by  displacing 
the  metal  to  form  burrs  and  containing  the  aotive  mate¬ 
rial  under  pressure. 

6.  The  addition  of  flake  graphite  to  the  aotive  masB  in  tho 
makeup  of  tun  electrode  of  an  accumulator. 

Undoubtedly  the  claims  as  originally  presented  are  too  broad 

in  language  to  be  fully  and  clearly  distinguished  from  the 

nebulous  references  whioh  have  been  made  in  the  prior  art. 


(  * 

It  seems  to  me  that  olalma  drawn  somewhat  on  the  lines  of 
those  above  suggested  could  reasonably  be  aooepted. 

I  am  not  sure  that  I  fully  understand  the  soheme 
which  you  and  Mr.  Hardy  have  worked  out  for  partially  con¬ 
solidating  and  dividing  the  applications  in  Austria.  Ap¬ 
parently  the  x^oposition  is  to  cover  the  inventions  by  a 
series  of  patents,  as  follows: 

1.  The  first  patent,  dated  February  5,  1901,  containing  a 
single  olaim  on  the  combination  of  iron  and  nickel. 

2.  Tiie  second  patent,  filed  as  a  division  of  the  February 
application,  containing  three  olaims:  (a)  on  finely 
divided  active  materials  maintained  in  a  perforated 
elastio  reoeptaole  under  pressure;  (b)  the  addition 
of  a  flakelike  indifferent  conducting  material  to  the 
mass;  and  (o)  flake  graphite  as  the  specific  admixed 

3.  The  third  patent,  based  on  the  application  of  May  21, 
containing  olaims  on  the  new  corrugated  pookets  crimped 
in  position. 

4.  The  fourth  patent,  as  a  further  division  of  the  applica¬ 
tion  of  February  5,  containing  two  olaims:  (a)  on  eloo- 
trolytioally  active  iron  in  the  form  of  ferrous  oxide 

or  lower  oxygen  combination;  (b)  the  process  of  making 
ferrous  oxide  from  the  monosulphide. 

5.  The  fifth  patent,  as  a  division  of  the  application  of 
May  21,  containing  claims  on:  (a)  scale  oxide;  (b)  iron 



oxide  by  hydrogen  process;  and  (o)  olaims  on  auoh  pro- 


This  would  mean,  then,  the  filing  in  Austria  of  two  divi alone 
of  the  application  of  February  5th,  and  one  division  of  the 
application  of  May  21st.  If  Mr.  Hardy  considers  that  this 
course  is  neoeaaary  to  aeoure  the  best  protection,  then  of 
course  it  will  be  followed.  Please  advise  me  if  my  under¬ 
standing  of  your  views  as  to  the  soheme  for  division  is  cor¬ 
rect.  I  note  that  the  plan  contemplates  the  abandonment 
of  the  claim  on  non-colloidal  niokel,  which  I  understand 
Mr,  Edison  has  now  given  up,  so  that  it  can  be  properly 
dropped.  The  scheme,  however,  does  not  contemplate  a  claim 
on  the  niokel  alone,  and  I  do  not  think  that  suoh  a  olaim 
should  be  waived  unless  absolutely  necessary.  Would  it  not 
be  feasible  to  propose  a  olaim  somewhat  on  the  lines  of  the 
one  I  have  above  proposed  covering  niokel  hydroxide  main¬ 
tained  under  pressure  in  a  perforated  reoeptaole?  I  ap¬ 
preciate,  of  course,  that  suoh  a  olaim  would  be  subordinate 
to  the  olaims  of  the  second  and  third  patents  outlined  by 
you,  whioh  would  cover  broadly,  if  granted,  the  enclosing 
of  any  active  material  imder  pressure  in  elastic  containers; 
but  a  specific  claim  covering  niokel  when  so  used,  might  bo 
sustained,  even  if  a  patent  containing  the  broad  olaim  were 
found  to  be  old.  Please  let  me  have  your  views  on  this 
question,  in  order  that  I  may  take  up  the  matter  of  getting 
out  the  divisional  Austrian  applications  as  soon  as  possible. 


In  reference  to  the  German  applications ,  they  all 
seem  to  he  in  as  satisfactory  condition  as  oould  he  expected, 
except  the  third  division  of  the  February  case  on  the  iron; 
in  fact,  the  original  February  case  and  the  two  other  divi¬ 
sions  thereof  appear  to  he  now  awaiting  aotion  on  the  part 
of  the  Patent  Offioe.  In  the  ferrous  oxide  application  re¬ 
ferred  to,  reference  is  made  to  a  hook  by  Hoppe  entitled 
"Die  Akkumulatoren  fur  Elektrizitat",  3rd  Edition,  Berlin, 
1898,  page  216  paragraph  2.  This,  I  presume,  is  the  oita- 
tion  whioh  in  your  letter  of  November  28th  you  refer  to  as 
being  serious  and  concerning  whioh  you  say  you  will  write 
me  as  soon  as  you  are  able  to  report  on  the  matter.  Con¬ 
cerning  this  citation,  Dr.  Sell  writes  as  follows: 

"The  reference  oited  aotually  refers  to  the  lalando 
accumulator,  to  the  effect  that  one  of  the  eleotrodea 
of  the  same  is  oomposed  of  iron  (ferrous  oxide).  Tho 
only  possibility  of  maintaining  the  base  appears  to  me 
on  ProvinS  that  Hoppe's  statement  is  incorreot, 
although  in  suoh  event  tho  position  taken  would  be  very 
unfavorable,  since  it  oannot  be  denied  that  in  Hoppe's 
work  ferrous  oxide  is  cited  as  being  the  aotive  mass 
of  one  of  the  electrodes  of  an  accumulator.  As  Hoppe 
does  not  state  where  he  gathered  the  statement  regard¬ 
ing  the  Islands  accumulator,  it  seemed  desirable  to  ob¬ 
tain  information  on  the  point.  Suoh  information  has 
now  been  received,  wherein  Hoppe  traces  his  information 
to  the  Comptes  Rendus,  without,  however,  being  in  a 
position  to  positively  name  the  plaoe  wherein  he  did 
so  gather.  Mr.  Rafn  will  endeavor  to  find  the  particu¬ 
lar  place  in  the  Comptes  Rendus.  This  matter  will, 
however,  be  unavoidably  delayed,  in  view  of  Mr.  Rafn 'a 
journey  to  T.ondon .  " 

Of  oourse  if  Hoppe  does  in  fact  refer  to  ferrous  oxide  for 
use  in  the  Lalande  battery,  it  would  no  doubt  seriously  em¬ 
barrass  us  in  our  efforts  to  Beoure  claims  on  the  iron  eleo- 


trode.  As  I  understand  it,  the  only  depolarizer  referred 
to  hy  Lalande  is  oxide  of  copper,  and  if  this  is  so,  would 
a  copper-iron  combination  give  a  practical  voltage?  fur¬ 
thermore,  I  assume  that  if  the  balande  battery  did  use  an 
iron  electrode,  it  would  be  as  a  substitute  for  the  zinc, 
and  in  that  oase  the  elements  would  be  insoluble,  so  as  to 
thereby  offer  a  further  anticipation  of  Jungnor's  idea.  Ac 
soon  as  you  are  able  to  obtain  any  definite  information  on 
this  citation  and  can  give  me  your  views  as  to  the  practica¬ 
bility  of  the  suggestion,  I  wish  you  would  do  so,  in  ordor 
that  I  can  present  the  matter  to  Mr.  Edison.  In  the  mean¬ 
time  I  have  written  Messrs.  Brandon  Bros,  to  secure  an  ex¬ 
tension  of  the  time  in  which  to  reply,  which  now  expires  on 
the  28th  inst. 

In  regard  to  the  situation  of  the  English  opposition, 
I  have  nothing  to  add  at  this  time  to  what  I  have  already 
written.  'He  understand  that  Harris  &  Mills  have  seoured 
an  extension  of  the  hearing,  in  order  to  allow  Mr.  Blok  to 
he  on  hand.  It  strikes  me  that  the  most  important  thing 
that  you  can  do  is  to  make  some  demonstrations  v/hioh  will 
confirm  the  experiments  made  by  you  at  the  laboratory  show¬ 
ing  the  impracticability  of  Jungner's  combination.  In  a 
recent  letter  to  Mr.  Mills,  I  suggested  the  possibility  of 
your  making  a  declaration  in  which  these  experiments  oould 
be  detailed. 

In  the  above  I  have  advised  you  as  fully  as  possible 

y  .  f 

In  oonneotion  with  all  the  oases  whioh  have  heen  examined 
hy  me  at  this  time.  I  propose  to  now  take  up  the  German 
applioationa  of  May  21st  and  also  the  Swedish  oases,  and  as 
soon  as  I  hare  formulated  my  own  views  on  those  oases,  I  will 
probably  write  you. 

With  beat  wishes,  believe  me  always, 

Yours  very  truly, 


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23,  Southampton  Buildings 
London. March  7th  1902 

Mr.  Thomas  A,  Edison 
Orange,  il.J. 

Dear  Sir, 

1  send  you  to-day  under  separate  covor  translations 
of  the  suggestions  \for  new  Swedish  applications. 

Little  difference  existing  hot ween  the  Swedish 
and  the  German  patent  praotice,  the  Swedish  Agent  was  enabled 
to  follow  in  those  suggestions,  quite  closely  the  3ense  of 
tiM  Goman  applications  of  October  24th  and  25th  last,  only 
here  and  there  making  slight  changes  in  order  to  answer  to 
requirements  of  the  Svfedish  Office. 

Sane  applications  came  in  my  possession  on  February 
2Gth,  and  having  boon  kept  pretty  busy  on  British  and  German 
matters,  I  was  not  able  to  finish  the  translating  till  yes¬ 
terday.  ' 

"•  Assuming  that  Mr.- Dyer  has  brought  be f tire  you  the 
Agent's  explanatory  notes  regarding  arrangement  and  subdivi¬ 
sion  of  the  patents,  I  shall  not  enter  into  discussion  of 

the  oases  separately* 

She  fact  that  your  British  application  Of  February 
5th  was  published  as  early  as  Kay  18th,  i.e.  3  days'  before \ 
the  filing  of  your  second  application,  of  Kay  31st. ,  has  "cou- 
pellod  us  to  try  in  Austria  a3  well  as  in  Sweden,  to  branoh 
off  from  the  February  application  divisional  applications 
011  flake  -  Graphite*  and  on  containers  with  elastic  walls: 
for,  the  claims  on  those  characteristics,  in  the  Kay  appli-  ' 
cation,  are  evidently  anticipated  by  the  published  February 
application.  Tho  difficulty  Yrt.ll  be  to  convince  the  ex¬ 
aminers  that  said  devices  are  described  clearly  enough  in  the 
February  application  to  allow  of  claiming  thou  with  such  pri¬ 

Luckily  tho  & a  naan  office  appears  unaware,  of  this 
question  of  anticipation,  but  if  tho  examiner  happens  to 
discover  it,  I  doubt  that  he  will  allOT/  us  to  make  a  similar 
transfer  of  claims. 

In  the  translations  from  Swedish  I  have  marked  in 
red  ink  a  few  immaterial  changes,  that  I  suggest,  and  at 
the  same  time  I  beg  to  remark,  that  no  conclusions  ought  to 


bo  drawn  from  the  Kngllsh  language  of  tlio  translations  regard*- 


the  Swedish  language  of  tho  originals. 

X  suppose  that  you  are  familiar  with  a  Swedish 
application  by  Jungner,  made  use  of  in  his  opposition  in  tho 
British  case.  Said  application  describes  in  its  specifica¬ 
tion  the  combination  nickel-iron,  while  its  claims  are  re¬ 
stricted  to  a  certain  way  of  preparing  olectrodos,  or  supports 
for  suon.  That  patent  is  still  pending,  and  thus,  Jungnoi* 
has  in  his  hands,  by  changing  his  claims  to  covor  his  speci¬ 
fication,  to  almost  destroy  your  corresponding  Swedish  patents 
I  trust  that  no  similar  application  of  Jungner  exists  in  Ger¬ 
many,  ior  in  such  caso,  the  prosecution  of  your  ca30  would 
have  to  be  delayed  till  his  had  been  decided. 

Re  Gorman  Cases 

Tho  offioial  information  of  Mov.  25th  eto.  and 
translations  of  same  have  all  been  sent  to  Mr.  Dyer.  Before 
my  departure  for  London  in  December  last,  and  during  my  stay 
in  Berlin  at  the  beginning  of  Pobruary,  new  answers  were  pre¬ 
pared  in  all  oases,  and  since  then,  we  have  received  further 
information  regarding  the  combination,  which  case  was  brought 


before  the  next  instance,  the  "Department*  on  December  5th. 

The  contents  of  this  information  ar=,  shortly  stated:- 

"The  Department  finds,  that  tlie  deliberations 
"of  the  examiner  in  his  information  of  ilov.  25th 
"are  not  disproved  by  our  answer  of  Deo.  Oth,  and 
"in  consideration  of  oitod  literature  they  would, 

"in  the  moat,  be  able  to  grant  a  claim  relating  to 
"the  aoouniulator  in  its  charged  state  for  only  in 
"such  state  may  tho  new  arrangement  bo  sharply  dis¬ 
tinguished  from  v/hat  13  previously  known;  as  for 
"instanoe  :  Electric  accumulator  with  unchangeable 
"electrolyte  and  with  electrodes,  the  active  mass  of 
"which  consists  of  metallic  oxidos  pratically  in- 
" soluble  in  the  electrolyte,  characterised  thereby 
"that  in  fully  charged  state,  the  negative  polo-olec- 
"trode  contains  as  active  mass  metallic  iron,  and  the 
"positive  pole-olectrode  nickel  peroxide  or  nickel 
"peroxide  hydrate. 

"Before,  however,  they  will  be  able  to  give  any 
"decision,  it  is  unavoidable  that  the  now  effoot  of 

"the  pi’oposod  arrangement  be  mdo.,  credible"  and 
"that  the  superiority  of  same  as  against  known  arrangi 
"monts,  especially  1).  R.  p.  112301  (Michalowsky) 

"bo  proved  by  some  ..unquestionable*  and  acknowledged 
"German  expert." 

Tho  demanded  limitation  does  not  a  ecu  so  bad,  especially 
beoause  nickel  peroxido  is  a  flexible  tom,  but  do  not  fail 
to  note  the  sharpness  of  the  gentlemen,  as  they  say:  insoluble 
metallio  oxides  .Mid  as  one  of  those:  motallio  iron. 

As  to  their  requirement  of  proof  by  some  Gorman  authority, 

I  think  it  ridiculous,  but  I  do  not  know  whether  Dr.  Sell 
will  succeed  in  dissuading  thorn.  As  fur  as  I  understand. 

Dr.  Sell  has  applied  for  a  verbal  conference  before  the  Depart¬ 
ment;  and  in  case  such  is  arranged  for  X  should  think  it 
advisable  for  me  to  go  over  there  and  bo  present. 

Dr.  Sell  says  there  is  no  possibility  for  me  to  demon¬ 
strate  the  advantages  of  the  battery  before  the  patent  officials 

After  last  information  in  the  iron  case,  this  patent 
looked  rather  hopeless,  but  wo  made  a  now  attempt,  and  may 
obtain  a  more  favourable  answer. 

In  other  German  oases,  nothing  new  has  turned  up  3inoo 

■wrote  last 

Re  British  Case 

Ur.  Cordon  our  counsel,  is  of  course  not  a  chemist  but 
during  some  5  or  C*  hours  conference  he  became  quite  familiar 
with  the  chemistry  of  tho  two  batteries  in  question  as  veil 
as  with  our  arguoments,  30  that  he,  at  tin;  hearing  last  Monday 
delivered  a  most  eloquent  and  technically  quite  correot  ar- 
guonont.  It  appears  to  be  hard,  or  impossible  to  defend  the 
claim  on  graphite  in  general,  and  as  there  is  doubt  as  to 
r/hether  new  claims  nay  be  filed,  I  had  to  agree,  when  asked, 
to  the  abandonment  of  said  claim,  if  the  amendments  wore  not 
accepted.  However,  the  controller  was  decidedly  inclined 
to  accept  same,  and  on  that  reason  the  hearing  was  adjourned 
and  the  case  postponed  till  next  Monday  tho  10th  in  order  that 
Opponent's  Counsel  may  study  thefc?  new  claims,  as  well  as  some 
of  our  references,  not  yet  known  to  him. 

The  Counsel  for  tho  opposition,  (rather  a  young  man) 
seemed  quite  startled  at  Mr.  Gordon's  thorough  knowledge  of 
the  ohemismus  of  the  battory,  and  payed  him  his  compliments 



therefor,  and  apparently  felt  quite  pleased  at  the  postpone¬ 
ment  . 

Hearing  that  we  have  met  with  muoh  difficulties 
in  Germany,  Mr.  Dick  suggested  that  I  might  go  back  to  America 
no7f,  and  speak  v/ith  you  about  the  matters,  and  then  return 
to  Europe,  but,  as  I  understand,  that  you  are  at  present 
staying  in  Florida,  I  think  X  had  better  ask  Dr.  Sell  to  arrange 
for  a  conference  and  then  go  back  to  Berlin  and  try  to  force 
at  least;-  the  combination  patent,  and  possibly  the  patent  on 
the  mixing  process. 

I  shall  vrrite  and  inform  you  about  the  final  hearing 

on  Monday. 

Hoping  that  you  are  enjoying  good  health, 

Yours  respectfully, 

I  am  sending  a  copy  of  the  Swedish  translation 
to  Mr.  Dyer. 


March  24,  1902. 

Mr.  Hubert  Hafn, 

Oare  Harris  ft  Mills, 

23  Southampton  Bldgs. , 

London  W.  c. ,  England. 

Dear  Mr.  Rafn:- 

Your  two  letters  from  Berlin  and  one  from 
London,  one  dated  an  far  back  as  February  7th,  were  duly 
received,  and  I  have  been  prevented  from  answering  them  be¬ 
fore  owing  to  pressure  of  business  necessitated  by  ay  broth¬ 
er's  illness. 

The  Swedish  and  German  cases  have  become  so  complex 
by  reason  of  numerous  subdivisions  and  amendments,  that  sit¬ 
uated  as  I  am,  so  far  from  the  field  of  action,  1  have  not', 
a  very  intelligent  idea  of  their  exact  condition,  and  I  de¬ 
pend  very  largely  on  you  to  hoop  them  straight.  1  have  been 
expecting  to  hear  from  you  as  to  your  views  of  Hoppe '3  ar¬ 
ticle  suggesting  the  use  of  iron  in  a  Lalande  battery. 

I  have  read  a  translation  of  the  paragraph  in  question,  and 
must  say  that  it  b trikes  mo  as  being  too  indefinite  to  be 
successfully  relied  on  us  a  reference.  In  this  country,  a 
reference,  in  order  to  be  good,  must  describe  a  process  in 
such  full,  clear  and  exact  teram  as  to  enable  anyone  Bkilled 
in  the  art  to  which  it  relates  to  carry  it  into  effect.  Twin 
is  certainly  not  true  of  Hoppe.  At  the  same  time,  I  reoog- 

(R.  R.,  2) 

nize,  of  course,  that  in  Germany  the  officials  are  not  as 
anxious  to  preserve  the  rights  of  inventors  as  they  are  in 
this  country,  and  it  nay  he  that  the  general  reference  to 
the  use  of  iron  is  locked  upon  as  sufficient.  It  seems  to 

me  that  it  will  be  dangerous  to  limit  the  claim  to  the  use 
of  ferrous  oxide,  as  I  understand  that  reoent  experiments 
which  have  boon  made  by  Mr.  Aylaworth  tend  to  show  that  the 
olectrolytioally  active  oxide  is  not  ferrous  oxide  after  all, 
but  iu  probabfy  a  still  lower  oxide,  having  the  formula 
l?e20.  At  any  rate,  Ihe  matter  is  so  indefinite  that  a  lim¬ 
itation  to  a  specific  oxide  might  turn  out  to  be  erroneous. 
Would  it  not  be  possible  to  limit  the  claim  to  the  use  of 
"elootrolyticelly  aotive,  finely  divided  iron,  such,  for  in¬ 
stance,  as  that  prepared  by  the  process  herein  described"? 
Mils  would  cover  the  iron  broadly,  would  distinguish  fran 
Hoppe,  v/ho  describes  no  prooess  for  producing  the  iron,  and 
at  the  same  timo  would  be  absolutely  definite  and  clear. 

I  note  that  you  anticipate  ro turning  home  shortly* 
but  I  think  this  ought  not  to  be  done  until  the  Swedish,’ 
Austrian  and  German  cases  are  either  definitely  rejected  or 
else  are  in  condition  that  will  not  require  your  personal 
presenos.  Your  being  direc  tly  on  the  field  has  been  such  a 
great  help  to  me,  ns  well  ati,  I  am  sure,  to  Mr.  Edison,  that 
I  should  droad  your  returning  leaving  the  applications  in  cui 
unsettled  and  chaotic  condition.  If,  however,  Mr.  Dick 

(R.  R.,  3) 

feels  that  you  should  return,  I  wish  you  would  set  from  the 
different  agents  a,  full  statement  of  the  exact  condition  of 
the  caas3 ,  so  that  future  amendments  can  be  made  in  this 
country  without  difficulty. 

Yours  very  truly, 


April  9,  1902. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


V,  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: - 

Regarding  the  matter  of  which  you  spoke  to  me 
yesterday  relating  to  a  publication  in  this  country  having 
reaohed  Sweden  a  week  before  the  filing  of  some  Swedish  case 
on  your  storage  battery,  whereas  you  had  information  from 
us  that  the  oase  had  been  filed  before  the  publication  was 
made  in  this  country  —  I  cannot  locate  the  matter  by  any 
oorreBpondenoe  in  the  office.  Prank  is  in  Texas  on  round 
ootton  bale  litigation.  Immediately  upon  his  return  I  will 
have  the  matter  fully  investigated.  Possibly  you  refer  to 
a  statement  made  in  Mr.  Rafn's  letter  to  you  dated  Maroh 
7th,  1902,  a  copy  of  which  he  sent  to  us.  If  this  is  not 
the  thing,  can  you  not  have  Mr.  Randolph  send  us  a  copy  of 
Mr.  Rafn's  letter  to  you  which  refers  to  the  matter,  or  that 
part  of  it  covering  the  particular  subject? 


Sa,m,e/M, A, 
Mm, />/.&?,* 

■&//’r/s///y':  ,30  f^fr/rj/J.7  ^i%rr//.J/:.S.  "/firm 

~U  April  17, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison, - 

1  have  received  hy  messenger  the  application 
for  the  reissue  on  the  kinetograph  duly  executed  and  also 
the  original  patent,  also  my  letter  to  you  of  15th  inst. 
regarding  the  Higham  patent,  with  your  notes.  Referring 

to  these  notes -  We  have  no  copy  of  the  Hope- Jones  English 

patent  in  our  office,  hut  have  ordered  one  and  will  send  It 
to  you  when  it  is  received.  I  have  no  douht  that  if  a  lever 
arrangement  was  used  that  did  not  multiply  the  pressure  exert¬ 
ed,  it  would  not  infringe  the  Higham  patent.  That  is  made 
clear  not  only  by  the  argument  in  the  Patent  Office,  hut  also 
hy  the  patent  itself,  of  which  I  assume  you  have  a  copy.  At 
line  90Aof  Higham' s  specification  he  describes  this  leverage 
as  multiplying  the  power  "several  times".  The  same  state¬ 
ment  occurs  at  line  9  page  2.  Beginning  at  line  8  page  3 
Higham  sets  out  with  great  particularity  the  necessity  of 
multiplying  the  pressure,  stating  that  if  no  greater  pres¬ 
sure  was  used  than  that  exerted  hy  the  primary  vibrating 
means,  the  result  he  desired  would  not  be  secured,  and  he 

makes  this  essential  to  his  invention  by  the  following  state¬ 

"The  vital  element  of  my  invention,  therefore,  is 
the  lever  means  oonneoted  between  the  primary  vibrating 
means  and  the  friotional  means,  whereby  the  frictional 
vibrating  force  can  be  increased  as  the  ratio  of  the 
increased  meohanioal  force  of  the  lever  means  with  a 
coefficient  of  one." 

The  Higham  patent  has  two  claims.  Claim  1  is  limited  in 
terms  to  multiplying  the  leverage  and  dividing  the  movement, 
by  the  statement  "a  lever  means,  effective  of  increased  me¬ 
chanical  force".  The  second  claim,  which  is  limited  to 
compounding  the  lever  means  and  friotional  means,  does  not, 
by  direct  language,  limit  the  lever  means  to  one  "effective 
of  increased  mechanical  force",  but  this  limitation  is  cer¬ 
tainly  put  into  the  claim  by  the  specification,  and  of  course, 
in  addition,  this  claim  would  not  be  infringed  unless  you  used 
the  compounded  lever  and  frictional  means. 

Haus  ersten  Ranges 

0  Front-,  100  Qnrten-Zimmc 


SAVOYHOTEL-BERLIN.  I  „  „  |  „  Q82. 

JCift  atlerbesten  Systems 
Tag  und  Jfacht  in  $etrieb. 





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/7»w/z%w  '  //  y\ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
JT.  J, 

Dear  Sir:- 

With  i 

2490  of  1901,  tfljigl 
■which  an  appeal  has  l 
Comptroller  relating  to"the  c 
4,  we  beg  to  enclose  a  copy  of  a  ietter  tj 
ing  to-day  to  London,  giving  our  views  ( 

In  advising  us  of  the  decision,  our  correspondents 
suggest  that  the  following  formula  be  given  to  indioate  the 
reactions  of  the  battery:-  Pe+KQH-fHKOH^  =  Pe(0H)g+K0H 
+Hi(0H)g.  Kindly  advise  us  if  this  formula  is  correct* 
You  will  note  that  on  page  10  of  our  letter  to  Harris  Ss 
Mills  we  say  that  owing  to  the  obscurity  of  the  reactions 
we  doubt  if  it  would  be  well  to  insert  any  definite  state¬ 
ment  of  those  reactions  by  way  of  ohemioal  formula.  At  tte 
same  time,  if  the  chemical  reactions  have  been  sufficiently 
ascertained  to  make  you  certain  of  the  exact  reactions,  they 
might  be  stated. 

Yours  very  truly, 


J/;„r  fjfi'rrJ 


/WJ  jC.»,/r,: 

S'/  '  '/  f  s  , 

.  -jt'-yrr,  foir/zz/oz/t/j  $LZtW> 

M/r„/  '% 

. '/'/.  \n.Mtnt  .  /4vr/, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

N.  J. 

Dear  Sir,- 


4a  1 

In  the  matter  of  your  German  application  covering 
the  mechanical  construction  of  the  battery,  our  correspondent 
at  Berlin  advises  us  that  the  Office  proposes  to  allow  the 
following  claims : 

1.  Electrode  for  accumulators  where  in  the  larger 

openings  of  a  metallic  supporting  grid  metal  containers 
filled  with  active  material  sure  fixed  by  pressing, 
characterized  by  the  faot  that  the  side  walls  of  the 
containers,  formed  of  elastic  metal,  for  instance 
nictelplated  sheet  steel,  on  both  sides  projeot  over 
the  supporting  grid  and  are  orimped  Over  the  edges  of 
the  openings  in  the  grid  for  the  purpose  of  securing 
the  containers  in  the  openings  that  hold  them,  so  that 
every  expansion  of  the  active  mass  is  compensated  by 
an  elastic  deformation  of  the  container  walls  without 
oausing  a  loosening  of  the  containers  in  the  openings 
of  the  grid.  , 

2.  Electrode  according  to  claim  1,  characterized 
thereby  that  the  outer  walls  of  the  containers  are  cor¬ 
rugated  in  order  to  increase  the  strength  by  elastic 
strain:,  and  hence  to  allow  the  use  of  thinner  material. 

3.  Electrode  according  to  claims  1  and  2,  charac¬ 
terized  thereby  that  each  of  the  elastic  containers  for 
the  electrode  mass  oonsistsof  two  troughs,  one  clasping 
the  other,  which  are  inserted  in  the  openings  of  the 
supporting  grid  in  such,. way  that  the  aide  walls  of  both 
troughs  protrude  on  both  sides  of  the  grids,  so  that  by 
°£il??ine  of’J'th9  side  walls  of  the  troughs  over  the  edges 
of  the  openings  in  the  grid  the  troughs  may  be  ooimeoted 

not  only  with  the  grid,  but  also  with  one  an- 



4.  Electrode  according  to  claim  3,  characterized 
thereby  that  the  outer  one  of  the  two  clasping  troughs 
which  form  together  a  container  for  the  eleotrode  mass 
is  deeper  than  the  inner  one  and  has  itB  side  walls 
orimped  around  the  bottom  of  the  latter  in  order  to  in¬ 
crease  the  strength  of  the  cohesion  of  the  two  troughs. 

Claims  covering  broadly  the  employment  of  elastic  metal  in 
the  manufacture  of  containers  for  active  materials  in  storage 

battery  work  have  been  rejected.  Those  claims  are  as  follows: 

1.  Eleotrode  for  accumulators  having  the  eleotrode 
mass  enclosed  in  a  container  with  perforated  walls, 
characterized  thereby  that  the  container  that  encloses 
the  eleotrode  mass  is  made  of  elastic  metal  for  the 
purpose  of  securing  permanent  contact  between  the  ac¬ 
tive  material  and  the  container,  which  is  obtained  by 
ohoosing  the  elasticity  of  the  container  walls  so  that 
every  increase  or  decrease  of  bulk  of  the  aotive  material 
remains  within  the  limits  of  elasticity  of  the  container 

2.  Eleotrode  according  to  claim  1  for  accumulators 
with  alkaline  electrolyte,  characterized  thereby  that 
the  container  that  encloses  the  eleotrode  mass  is  made 
of  niekelplated  sheet  steel. 

Our  correspondents  write  us  that  on  the  authority  of  Mr.Seubel 
they  have  accepted  the  claims  whioh  the  Examiner  is  willing 
.to  allow,  and  have  asked  permission  to  file  a  new  divisional 
/  application  on  the  subject-matter  of  the  two  rejected  broad 
\  claims  if  you  desire  to  have  that  done.  They  say,  however: 

,  "Although  the  ohanees  for  having  such  a  patent  grant- 
v.  v  i  ed  are  not  at  all  good,  it  would  be  not  entirely  int¬ 

er5''  V  V  possible." 

&  RjA 

pi  viow  tilis  doubt,  we  hardly  think  it  would  be  worth  the 
|8*Pens®  to  file  the  suggested  application,  since  the  allowed 
vK- V"  ^laims  appear  to  cover  the  invention  quite  satisfactorily. 

^  We  would  be  glad,  however,  to  receive  definite  instructions 

(^V^^from  you  as  to  your  wishes  in  the  matter. 

IV  ~  „/  Yours  truly,. 



rf/W. /:%<,: 
nntrf  /{/fifmwtt/w 
'm/c  /.fiyrt: 


'ifc, May 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

N.  I. 

28,  1902. 

Dear  Sir,- 

Re  Jungner  Opposition. 

In  reference  to  our  appeal  in  this  matter  from  the 
decision  of  the  Comptroller  to  the  Daw  Officer,  we  have  to¬ 
day  received  a  cablegram  from  our  London  correspondents  as 
follows:  "Claims  allowed  broadest  sense.  Disclaimer  recti¬ 
fied."  In  the  absence  of  the  actual  decision,  we  are  of 
course  unable  to  advise  you  definitely  as  to  the  scope  of 
the  allowed  olaims  or  as  to  the  language  of  the  proposed 
disclaimer.  Prior  to  the  argument  however,  we  had  some 
correspondence  with  our  agents  and  also  discussed  the  case 
with  you,  and  on  the  assumption  that  our  instructions  have 
been  fully  oarried  out,  we  can  form  a  reasonably  satisfac¬ 
tory  guess  as  to  the  language  of  the  disclaimer  and  claims. 

Second  Claim. - Two  claims  have  been  suggested  for 

the  purpose  of  covering  the  iron,  and  we  assume  that  one  or 
both  of  these  claims  have  been  now  allowed.  These  olaims 
are  as  follows: 

(a)  A  reversible  galvanic  battery  or  accumulator 
oont aiding  an  alkaline  electrolyte  and  employing  in  the 
make-up  of  one  of  its  electrodes  finely  divided  eleo- 
trolytioally  active  oxide  of  iron  capable  when  subject¬ 
ed  to  a  Charging  current  of  being  reduoed  to  the  metal¬ 
lic  state  and  from  that  condition  of  being  electrolyti- 
cully  oxidized  on  discharge  when  opposed  by  a  suitable 

depolarizer  within  the  electrolyte. 

(b)  A  reversible  galvanic  battery  or  accumulator 
containing  an  alkaline  electrolyte  and  when  in  a  fully 
charged  condition  employing  in  the  make-up  of  one  of 
its  electrodes  finely  divided  eleotrolytically  active 
metallic  iron  capable  on  discharge  when  opposed  by  a 
suitable  depolarizer  within  the  eleotrolyte  of  being 
oxidized  to  a  low  condition  of  oxidation  and  from  that 
condition  of  being  again  reduced  to  the  metallic  state 
when  subjected  to  a  charging  current. 

You  will  see  that  these  claims  are  identical,  except  that 
a  covers  the  iron  normally  discharged  and  b  coverB  the  iron 
normally  charged. 

Fourth  Claim.  —  Three  claims  have  been  suggested 
for  the  purpose  of  covering  the  combination  in  the  place  of 
the  olaim  originally  allowed  by  the  Comptroller,  whioh  was 
limited  to  the  ubb  of  oxide  of  iron  "prepared  as  hereinbe¬ 
fore  described".  These  claims  are  the  following: 

(a)  A  reversible  galvanic  battery  or  accumulator 
oharacTerized  by  the  employment  of  finely  divided  elec¬ 
tro  lytically  active  iron  or  finely  divided  eleotro- 
lytioally  active  oxide  of  iron  as  one  of  its  elements, 
and  a  hydrated  oxide  of  nickel  or  cobalt  as  the  other 
element,  both  immersed  in  an  alkaline  eleotrolyte. 

(b*)  A  reversible  galvanio  battery  or  accumulator 
characterized  when  Charged  by  the  employment  of  finely 
divided  eleotrolytioally  aotive  metallic  iron  as  one 
of  the  elements,  and  a  hydrated  oxide  of  niokel  or  oo- 
balt  as  the  other  element,  both  immersed  in  an  alkaline 
elect  rolyte. 

(ba)  A  reversible  galvanic  battery  or  accumulator 
characterized  when  discharged  by  the  employment  of  fine¬ 
ly  divided  eleotrolytioally  aotive  lower  oxide  of  iron 
as  one  of  the  elements,  and  a  hydrated  oxide  of  niokel 
or  cobalt  as  the  other  element,  both  Immersed  in  an  al¬ 
kaline  eleotrolyte. 

You  will  see  that  these  claims  are  also  substantially  iden¬ 
tical  except  that  a,  oovers  the  battery  either  in  a  charged 

or  discharged  condition,  while  b'  cowers  it  oharged  and  b.2 
discharged.  We  assume,  therefore,  that  either  olaim  a  has 
been  allowed  or  olaims  V  and  b2  have  been  allowed. 

Disclaimer. -  The  disclaimer  suggested  hy  our  cor¬ 

respondents  and  which  we  hare  discussed  with  you  reads  as 
follows : 

"I  wish  it  to  he  understood  that  I  am  aware  that 
it  has  previously  been  proposed  to  employ  in  reversible 
galvanic  batteries  of  the  alkaline  electrolyte  type  ac¬ 
tive  materials  consisting  of  oxides  of  metals  or  finely 
divided  precipitated  metals  stated  to  be  insoluble; 
an  aotive  material  consisting  of  ferric  hydroxide  stat¬ 
ed  to  be  electrolytically  reducible  to  the  ferrous  con¬ 
dition  and  vice  versa;  an  active  material  mixed  with 
powdered  graphite,  and  holders  for  the  aotive  material 
made  of  metal,  such  as  nickel,  whioh  is  not  attackable 
by  the  alkaline  electrolyte;  also  that  it  has  previ-  • 
ously  been  proposed  to  construct  an  accumulator  elec¬ 
trode  of  two  thin  metal  plates  perforated  with  fine  and 
closely  placed  holes  holding  the  active  material  be¬ 
tween  them;  but  I  make  no  general  claim  to  these  fea¬ 
tures  of  invention." 

You  wished  us  to  state  in  the  disclaimer  that  your  experi¬ 
ments  had  shown  that  the  aotive  materials  suggested  by  Jung- 
ner  were  not  insoluble,  and  that  ferric  hydroxide  is  not  re¬ 
ducible  to  the  ferrous  condition,  but  our  correspondents 
write  us  that  such  statements  would  not  be  allowed  by  the 
Attorney  General  "aB  they  are  damaging  to  Jungner".  Since 
the  disclaimer  amounts  merely  to  a  paraphrasing  of  the  Jung¬ 
ner  patents  in  merely  Baying  that  the  aotive  materials  are 
"stated  to  be  insoluble"  and  that  the  ferric  hydroxide  is 
"stated  to  be  electrolytically  reducible",  the  disclaimer 
cannot  be  taken  as  an  admission  on  your  part  of  the  opera- 

tiveness  of  Jungner's  suggestion,  and  it  ia  therefore,  in 
our  opinion,  entirely  unobjectionable.  We  assume,  there¬ 
fore,  that  the  diaclaimer  in  substantially  the  above  form 
haB  been  auggeated  by  the  Law  Officer.  Aa  aoon  aa  we  re¬ 
ceive  a  copy  of  the  deciBion,  which  may  be  expected  in  about 
a  week,  we  will  be  in  position  to  advise  you  definitely  con¬ 
cerning  ita  exact  acope. 

Yours  very  truly, 

- f 



/}vr/tA>  /.jftyrt: 

'SjL&fy*  &,*„/ 

ty&tr  Mjr/?;  June  9,  1902. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Dear  Sir,- 

In  the  matter  of  the  opposition  by  Jungner  to  the 

issue  of  your  British  patent  pn  iron-nickel  battery,  we  are 

•  / 

in  receipt  today  of  a  letter/  from  our  London  correspondents 
advising  us  of  the  oral  decision  of  the  Law  Officer  on  our 
appeal.  No  written  decision  will  be  prepared.  The  seoond 
and  fourth  claims  as  allowed  by  the  Law  Offloer  are  as  follows: 

"2.  A  reversible  galvanic  battery  or  accumulator 
containing  an  alkaline  electrolyte  and  employing  in  the 
make-up  of  one  of  Jts  electrodes  finely  divided  eleo- 
trolytically  activh  oxide  of  iron  capable  when  subject¬ 
ed  to  a  charging  current  of  being  reduoed  to  the  metal¬ 
lic  state  and  from  that  condition  of  being  electrolyti- 

nalltr  mrl  SI  waS  nrv'  rM  wVian  rmnnnari  Tw  n  tm-rfcn  Vl  a 

4.  A  r evens ible  galvanic  battery  or  accumulator 
characterized  by  the  employment  of  finely  divided  eleo- 
trolytioally  active  iron  or  finely  divided  electroljrti- 
cally  aetivp  oxide  of  iron  as  one  of  the  elements,  and 
a  hydrated  oxide  of  nickel  or  cobalt  as  the  other  ele¬ 
ment,  both  immersed  in  an  alkaline  electrolyte." 

The  disclaimer,  under  the  decision  of  the  Law  Officer,  has 
been  amended  to  read  substantially  as  follows: 

"I  wish  it  to  be  understood  that  I  am  aware  that 
it  has  previously  been  proposed  to  employ,  in  reversible 
galvanic  batteries  of  the  alkaline  electrolyte  type, 
active  materials  consisting  of  oxides  of  metals  or  fine¬ 
ly  divided  preoipitated  metals  stated  to  be  insoluble; 

an  aotive  material  consisting  of  a  hydrated  lower  oxide 
of  iron  when  charged,  an  aotive  material  mixed  with 
powdered  graphite,  and  holders  for  the  active  materials 
made  of  a  metal,  suoh  as  nickel,  which  is  not  attackable 
by  the  alkaline  electrolyte;  also  that  it  has  previous¬ 
ly  been  proposed  to  oonstruot  an  accumulator  electrode 
of  two  thin  metal  plates  perforated  with  fine  and  close¬ 
ly  placed  holes  holding  the  aotive  material  between 
them  in  an  unalterable  position;  and  I  make  no  gene¬ 
ral  claim  to  these  features  of  invention. " 

It  seems  to  us  that  the  decision  is  entirely  satisfactory. 

The  second  and  fourth  claims  as  allowed  are  identical  with 
those  originally  proposed  by  us.  Although  the  disclaimer 
is  not  so  antagonistic  to  the  Jungner  patents  as  the  one  which 
we  proposed,  we  do  not  regard  it  as  being  objectionable  in 
any  way.  You  merely  admit  that  certain  active  materials 
have  been  previously  proposed  which  have  been  "stated  to  be 
insoluble",  and  that  the  only  prior  use  of  a  lower  oxide  of 
iron  was  when  the  latter  was  in  a  charged  condition.  Fur¬ 
thermore,  our  correspondents  write  us  that - 

"In  any  law  case,  the  disclaimer  cannot  be  used  per  se 
against  the  patent,  as  the  patentee  can  show  by  evidence 
what  he  meant  in  the  disclaimer. " 

We  understand  from  our  correspondents  that  the  patent  will 
now  be  issued. 

Yours  very  truly,  ^ 


"Tt**  ’ 

Sr.  4 ; 

^  y^‘^7 

'^^xoma^\.  Vdieon,  Esq.,  " — 

X  »  \  \  r  a  n  g  e  ,  N.  J. 

'/■.  June  17,  190a. 

Slr  A  1  u  u.,r^  fc  %  *  <£; 

We  are  glad  to  advise  you  of  th^lKwanoe^on  *  *S 
the  13th  instant  of  your  application  (Edison  No.  1066)  coy- , 
ering  the  improved  reproducer  for  usVf%Jn?  s'inu^us^grooved"^ 
records  of  the  Gramophone  type.  We  enclose  a  copy  of  the 
allowed  claims,  which  appear  to  fully  oovW the  invention. 
Please  advise  us  whether  you  care  to  have  any  foreign  ap¬ 
plications  filed  on  this  device.  If  not,  we  see  no  reason 
why  the  final  fee  should  not  he  paid.  In  our 

wny  xne  rinai  I ee  should  not  he  paid.  In  our 
would  he  possible  to  obtain  a  single  patent  in  each  of  the 
European  countries  except  Germany,  covering  both  the  record- 

Yours  very  truly^ 



Dear  Sir,- 

In  the  natter  of  your  application  (E.  Ho.  994)  filed 
March  5th  1898  for  Process  of  Duplicating  Phonograms,  which 
has  already  been  through  interferences  with  Capps  and  with 
Lambert,  both  decided  in  your  favor,  the  Patent  Office  ha3 
declared  three  new  interferences  with  applications  of  E.  R. 
Johnson  of  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  and  Maurice  Joyce  of  Washing¬ 
ton,  D.  C.  The  preliminary  statements  in  these  interfere 
ences  are  due  July  15th  1902.  We  beg  to  enclose  statements 
giving  the  dates  alleged  by  you  in  the  Lambert  interference, 
which  you  will  please  sign  as  indicated. 

The  first  interference,  No.  21,893,  involves  appli¬ 
cations  of  both  Johnson  and  of  Joyce.  The  counts  or  claims 
involved  are  the  following: 

"1.  The  method  of  producing  hollow  cylindrical 
phonograms,  which  consists  in  obtaining  a  mold  having 
a  reverse  phonogram  record  on  the  inner  wall  of  a 
cylindrical  opening,  forming  a  hollow  cylindrical  plas¬ 
tic  phonogram  within  said  mold,  releasing  the  phonogram 
from  the  mold  by  a  radial  contraction  of  the  phonogram 
sufficient  to  entirely  clear  the  surfaces,  and  removing 
the  phonograms  from  the  mold  by  direct  longitudinal 

"2.  The  method  of  producing  hollow  cylindrical 
phonograms  which  consists  in  obtaining  a  mold  having  a 
reverse  phonogram  record  on  the  inner  wall  of  a  cylin¬ 
drical  opening,  forming  a  hollow  cylindrical  plastic 
phonogram  within  said  mold,  releasing  the  phonogram 
from  the  mold  by  a  reduction  in  temperature  sufficient 
to  entirely  clear  the  surface,  and  removing  the  phono¬ 
gram  from  the  mold  by  direct  longitudinal  movement. 

"3.  The  method  of  producing  phonograph  cylinders 
which  consists  in  placing  within  a  hollow  cylindrical 
record  mold  or  matrix  a  hollow  cylindrical  phonograph 
blanik  of  sufficient  thickness  to  maintain  its  shape 
during  and  after  its  engagement  with  the  matrix,  out¬ 
wardly  expanding  such  blank  against  said  matrix,  dis¬ 
engaging  the  impressed  record  cylinder  from  the  matrix, 
and  withdrawing  said  record  cylinder  from  the  matrix  by 
direct  longitudinal  movement. 

"4.  The  method  of  producing  phonograms  which  con¬ 
sists  in  placing  within  a  hollow  cylindrical  record 
matrix  a  hollow  cylindrical  phonograph  blank  of  suffi¬ 
cient  thickness  to  maintain  its  form  under  normal  con¬ 
ditions.  softening  said  blank  by  heat  and  expanding  the 
same  while  heated  so  aa  to  take  the  record  from  the 
matrix,  shrinking  the  phonogram  so  made  by  change  of 
temperature,  and  withdrawing  the  same  from  the  matrix 
by  direct  longitudinal  movement." 

The  second  interference,  Ho.  21,894,  involves  an  ap¬ 
plication  of  Joyce  only.  The  countB  or  claims  are  as  follows: 

"1.  The  process  of  duplicating  sound  records, 
which  consists  in  impressing  a  plastic  record  tablet 
against  a  suitable  matrix  by  its  own  expansive  force. 

.  "2.  The  method  of  producing  phonograms  which  con¬ 
sists  in  placing  within  a  hollow  matrix  a  hollow  body 
of  plastic  material,  said  body  being  a  cylinder  on  its 
outer  surface  and  having  a  tapering  central  longitudi¬ 
nal  aperture,  softening  said  body  by  heat  and  expanding 
it  into  the  matrix  by  the  longitudinal  movement  of  a 
tapering  plunger  within  the  plastic  body,  shrinking  the 
plastic  material  and  withdrawing  it  from  the  matrix  by 
direct  longitudinal  movement. 

"3.  The  process  of  duplicating  phonograms  with  a 
phonographic  record  thereon,  whioh  consists  in  forming 
a  matrix  or  mold  wherein  the  original  record  is  repro¬ 
duced  in  relief,  loosely  engaging  a  phonogram  blank  with 
said  matrix,  then  intimately  engaging  the  blank  with 
said  matrix  or  mold  by  changes  of  temperature. " 

The  third  interference,  Ho.  21,895,  involves  an  ap¬ 
plication  of  Johnson  only,  and  the  counts  or  claims  are  as 
follows : 

"1.  The  process  of  duplicating  cylindrical  phono¬ 
grams  having  a  phonographic  record  thereon,  which  con¬ 
sists  in  depositing  a  metal  on  said  phonogram  to  form  a 
matrix  or  mold  wherein  the  original  reoord  will  he  re¬ 
produced  in  relief,  In  inserting  the  continuous!  cylin¬ 
drical  blank:  to  he  reproduced  within  said  matrix  or 
mold,  in  expanding  the  blank  into  intimate  engagement 
with  the  record  In  relief  carried  hy  the  hore  of  said 
matrix  or  mold,  the  cylindrical  blank  being  sufficient¬ 
ly  thick  to  maintain  its  shape  during  and  after  the  act 
of  disengagement  from  the  matrix,  and  finally  removing 
the  cylinder  by  direct  longitudinal  movement. 

"2.  The  process  of  duplicating  cylindrical  phono¬ 
grams  having  a  phonographic  record  thereon,  which  con¬ 
sists  in  depositing  a  metal  upon  the  original  phonogram 
so  as  to  form  a  matrix  or  mold,  in  inserting  the  blank 
to  be  reproduced  within  said  matrix  or  mold,  In  expand¬ 
ing  the  blank  into  Intimate  engagement  with  the  record 
in  relief  carried  by  the  bore  of  said  matrix  or  mold, 
in  finally  shrinking  the  blank  to  disengage  it  from  the 
matrix  or  mold,  the  cylindrical  blank  being  made  suffi¬ 
ciently  thick  to  maintain  its  shape  during  and  after 
the  act  of  disengagement  from  the  matrix,  and  finally 
removing  the  cylinder  by  direct  longitudinal  movement. 

"3.  The  process  of  duplicating  cylindrical  phono¬ 
grams  having  a  phonographic  record  thereon,  which  con¬ 
sists  in  depositing  a  metal  on  said  phonogram  to  form 
a  matrix  or  mold  wherein  the  original  record  will  be 
reproduced  in  relief,  in  inserting  the  blank  to  be  re¬ 
produced  within  said  matrix  or  mold,  in  heating  the 
blank,  whereby  the  same  will  be  expanded  into  engage¬ 
ment  with  the  record  in  relief  carried  by  the  bore  of 
said  matrix  or  mold,  and  in  finally  subjecting  the  ex¬ 
panded  blank  to  pressure  to  more  intimately  engage  it 
with  said  record. 

"4.  The  process  of  duplicating  cylindrical  phono¬ 
grams  having  a  phonographic  record  thereon,  which  con¬ 
sists  in  depositing  a  metal  on  said  phonogram  to  form 
a  matiHbc  or  mold  wherein  the  original  record  will  be 
reproduce  in  relief,  in  inserting  the  blank  to  be  re- 
producped'within  said  matrix  or  mold,  in  heating  the 
blank,  whereby  the  same  will  be  expanded  into  engage¬ 
ment  with  thq.  record  in  relief  carried  by  the  bore  of 

said  matrix  or  mold,  in  subjecting  the  expanded  blank 
to  pressure  to  more  intimately  engage  it  with  such  rec¬ 
ord,  and  in  finally  chilling  the  blank  to  remove  it 
from  the  matrix  or  mold. 

"5.  The  process  of  duplicating  cylindrical  phono¬ 
grams  having  a  phonographic  record  thereon,  which  con¬ 
sists  in  depositing  a  metal  upon  the  original  phonogram 
to  form  a  matrix  or  mold,  in  covering  said  matrix  or 
mold  with  a  metal  backing,  in  introducing  the  continu¬ 
ous  cylindrical  phonogram  to  be  reproduced  within  said 
matrix  or  mold,  in  expanding  said  phonogram  into  Inti¬ 
mate  engagement  with  the  record  in  relief  carried  by 
the  bore  of  said  matrix  or  mold,  the  cylindrical  blank 
being  made  sufficiently  thick  to  maintain  its  shape 
during  and  after  the  act  of  disengagement  from  the  ma¬ 
trix,  and  finally  removing  the  cylinder  by  direct  lon¬ 
gitudinal  movement. 

"6.  The  method  of  producing  phonograms,  which  con¬ 
sists  in  securing  a  hollow  metallic  mold  or  shell  con¬ 
taining  the  reverse  record,  placing  in  said  mold  an  ex>* 
pansible  blank  sufficiently  thick  to  maintain  its  shape 
during  and  after  its  removal  from  the  mold,  expanding 
both  by  heat,  impressing  the  record  in  the  blank,  con¬ 
tracting  the  phonogram  so  made  by  the  withdrawal  of 
heat,  and  removing  the  phonogram  from  the  mold  by  a 
direot  longitudinal  movement. 

"7.  The  method  of  producing  record  cylinders  for 
phonographs,  which  consists  in  first  forming  a  record 
on  a  cylinder  of  wax  or  other  relatively  soft  material, 
rendering  the  surface  of  the  wax  cylinder  electrically 
conductive,  and  eleotrolytically  depositing  metal  there¬ 
on  forming  a  matrix,  and  then  outwardly  expanding  under 
pressure  within  the  matrix  a  cylinder  or  tube  of  soften¬ 
ed  material  sufficiently  thick  to  maintain  its  shape 
during  and  after  the  act  of  disengagement  from  the  ma¬ 
trix,  and  finally  removing  the  cylinder  or  tube  by  di¬ 
rect  longitudinal  movement." 

Upon  reading  these  claims,  you  will  see  that  the 
other  parties  are  claiming  practically  the  whole  art  as  now 
practiced  as  well  as  yourself.  In  view  of  your  early  date 
of  reduction  to  practice,  we  do  not  think  there  can  be  any 
question  as  to  the  outcome  of  the  interferences.  Kindly 



note  that  the  preliminary  statements  must  be  filed  before  JvQy  15. 
Yours  truly, 

- - 

Mo  fl  or  B.  Dye  r ,  Edmonds  &  Dyer, 

>Iev/  YorJc. 


deferring  to  your  letter  to  Kr.  Edison,  dated  Juno  17th, 
advicing  of  the  allowance  of  h.ic  application  for  United  States  Patent 
(Edison  Ho.  1066)  covering  the  improved  reproducer  for  nee  with  sinuous 
grooved  records  of  the  gramophone  type,  it  is  Mr  do  sirs  that  the  patent 
on  this  he  taken  cut  for  this  country  only,  as  he  hac  decided  not  to 
attempt  to  ontaln  patent's  in  foreign  countries.  Will  you  kindly 
arrange  to  see  that  the  final  fee  ic  paid,  charging  same  to  our  account. 

In  tills  connection,  Mr.  Edison  ic  vary  anxious  to  know  how  his 
application  for  patent  on  s.  recorder  for  making  sinuous-grooved  records 
of  the  gramophone  type  is  coming  along,  same  to  he  used  in  connection 
with  disk  machines.  Trio  question  as  to  whether  he  will  attempt  to 
ontain  a  patent  on  this  in  foreign  corn  tries  is  one  that  he  will  decide 
after  he  has  ascertained  what  claims  have  been  allowed  on  me. 

Please  let  uu  hear  from  you  as  to  this. 

Your s  very  truly , 



August  14,  1902. 

Philip  Seubel,  Esq. , 

Care  Bergmann, 

Oudenarder-Strasse  No.  23/32, 

Berlin  N, ,  Germany. 

Dear  Slr:- 

Your  favor  of  the  1st  instant  has  been  reoeived, 
enclosing  copy  of  your  letter  to  Mr.  Bdison  of  July  31st. 

We  immediately  called  the  matter  to  Mr.  Edison's  attontion, 
and  he  advises  us  that  he  cabled  Dr.  Sell  yesterday  to  the 
effect  that  it  is  impossible  to  state  with  certainty  that 
the  iron  in  a  charged  cell  is  completely  metallic,  since  the 
,  tests  v/hich  have  been  made  vary  according  to  the  method  of 
manufacture.  He  suggests  that  the  claim  should  cover  iron 
.or  an  iron  compound  eleotrolytically  oxidizable  when  charged 
and  deoxidizable  when  discharged.  We  hope  that  a  claim 
based  on  this  suggestion  can  be  secured.  Hr.  Edison  is 
also  writing  you  fully  to-day  concerning  this  matter. 

Although  your  letter  was  not  reoeived  before  the  ex¬ 
piration  of  the  term  (August  10th)  in  which  to  name  an  ex¬ 
pert,  we  hope  that  you  may  be  able  to  secure  an  extension  of 
the  period  in  view  of  Mr.  EdiBon's  cable. 

Yours  very  truly, 

eld/im.  '■ 

%>  Ml,  .  2,3 ■“■• 

,  v&Jk 

^iL-  'SW'^  Cofi  i  •:■■•( 

(X" S'L ,  ^ _ 

.  >/(W  A^rvA^  (S>^  . 

vJ/Vw:  . 


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August  20,  1902. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange  ,  11.7, 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  London  Syndicate  write  us  that  owing  to  the 
death  of  the  German  attorney  new  powerB  of  attorney  require 
to  be  filed  in  Berlin.  \They,  therefore,  ^end  us  seven  pow¬ 
ers,  which  we  enclose  herewith  for  exeoutdon  as  indicated  in 

.tes  to  a  German  divi- 
ieder  device  of  the  fuel 

relates  to  a  divisiai- 
the  heating  in 
ovenB";  and 
maintenance  of  German 


to  the 
ent  with 

sional  explication  on  "automatic 
in  roasting  ovens  and  the  like"; 
al  application  on  "regenerati; 
advance  of  the  combustion 
Nos.  3  to  7  inclusive  relt 
patents  already  granted. 

Syndicate,  we  will  explain  that  Hos.  1 
the  prior  understanding  relating  to  cement  work.  V 

The  Syndicate  also  write  us  that  two  divisional,  ap¬ 
plications  require  to  be  filed  in  Sweden,  also  relating  to 
cement,—  one  on  the  automatic  feeder  and  the  other  on  the 
regenerator.  We  enclose  these  powers  herewith  for  execu¬ 
tion.  In  returning  them,  we  will  also  make  the  proper  ex¬ 
planation  of  your  position. 

,  '  Yours  very  truly,  ■ 

SSL-.  4-^- 

September  2,  1903. 

Robert  Rafn,  Esq., 

Care  nr.  Sell, 

22  Dorotheenstrasse, 

Berlin  Itf.  vr.  7,  Germany. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  18th  tattoo  hae  been  received, 
and  X  m  much  obliged  for  your  report  on  the  Carman  and  Swe¬ 
dish  canes.  Of  course,  we  oan  only  hope  that  Dr.  Forster's 
tests  next  month  will  sufficiently  oonfim  Mr.  Edison's  opin¬ 
ion  sb  to  warrant  the  retention  of  the  claims  on  metallic 
iron  in  a  charged  condition.  Mr.  Edison  Beems  to  be  quite 
certain  that  the  electrode  is  partly  metallic  at  any  rate. 

It'  is,  of  course,  unfortunate  that  this  fact  should  not  have 
been  known  definitely  when  the  applications  were  filed,  but 
you  must  remember  that  the  chemistry  of  accumulator  is  a 
subject  that  admits  of  much  difference  of  opinion.  Perhaps 
Borne  other  chemist  would  arrive  at  a  different  conclusion 
from  Dr.  Forster. 

I  do  not  exactly  understand  your  suggedtion  with  ref¬ 
erence  to  the  Swedish  oases,  but  I  gather  that  you  are  of  toe 
opinion  that  the  arguments  in  that  country  should  be  prepared 
in  the  first  instanoe  by  the  Swedish  attorney  and  then  re¬ 
vised  by  you,  in  order  to.  save  time.  Acting  on  this  un¬ 
derstanding,  we  have  cabled  Messrs.  Brandon  Brothers  to-day 

(R.  R.,  8) 

the  single  word  "Brevet".  Kindly  furnish  me  with  trans¬ 
lations  of  any  arguments  vtfhich  may  he  filed  in  Sweden. 

With  best,  regards, 

Yours  very  truly* 


'/fir/ntt  v/ ^ ftt/r/  r 

'i'  v'  ■  m* 

September  13,  1902. 

p£  u»,,j.-..i-.,  . 


».«•  Sir:-  5,*^  tUi.  i»  t'“-» 

In  the  matter  of  your  divisional  application 
in  Germany  covering  the  cadmium  pole,  immediate  action 
our  part  requires  to  he  taken*  Jungner  has,  as  you  knoWj^J-  >j— 
obtained  patents  in  Sweden  in  which  cadmium  is  described,  t  ^ 
so  that  the  claims  of  the  present  case  are  limited  to  cad-  ?  ^ 
mium  in  the  form  of  filaments.  These  claims  the  German  l  % 
Office  is  not  willing  to  allow  until  the  opinion  of  an  ex-  L,  if 
pert  is  first  secured  certifying  to  their  patentability. 

This  requirement  is  made  in  accordance  with  the  common  Ger-^ 

man  practice.  Our  correspondents  write  us  that  Hr.  Rafn _ _ 

to  be  of  the  opinion  that  it  will  be  more  or  less  difficulty  ®T".  I 
to  furnish  the  proof  demanded  by  the  Patent  Office.  We  " 

write,  therefore,  to  ask  if  a  patent  on  fibrous  cadmium 
would  at  this  time  be  sufficiently  important  to  warrant  tbk-jj 
expense  of  an  expert,  with  the  chances  of  securing  the  pat-J^ 
ent  probably  against  you.  Kindly  let  us  have  your  instruct 
tions  in  this  matter  as  soon  as  possible;  in  order  that  we 
may  advise  our  correspondents  of  your  deoision.  Should  ran 


*  *- 




expert  he  retained,  we  should  imagine  that  Dr.  Forster,  -sho 
has  charge  of  the  iron-nickel  case,  would  he  the  proper  one. 

, "/ 



'dertC/L :  !%/crt-6  ,#>  !%&*£ 

/  y v.v,, r*Mm“~ 

October  21,  1902. 

V.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq.,  | 

President,  National  Phonograph  Company, >2  190'z 
Orange,  N.  J.  ’ 

Dear  Mr.  Gilmore :- 

In  the  discussions  with  Messrs.  Miller 
and  Aylsworth  preceding  the  taking  of  their  testimony  in 
the  molded  record  case,  it  appeared  that  the  dipping  pro¬ 
cess  as  carried  on  hy  "you  at  present  is  not  exactly  as  de¬ 
scribed  in  the  Miller  and  Aylsworth  patents.  Some  improve¬ 
ments  and  additions  have  been  made.  Since  this  is  likely 
to  be  an  important  matter,  I  suggest  that  a  patent  be  ap¬ 
plied  for  covering  the  latest  details. 

Yours "very  truly, 

.■&*•{ 'v -/ 



■IW-aH-.  Vwa.  VlL-yivw  !  oM^iLxjX-.  X>a  (L  , 

■.v?/'/,;,  s  >  '  ,  'f . 

:<«(&«*  .  .  //„■<■;„//,,:  :'//,/„,//& . 

'■■7'?-:  \  • 

■  !/.  I 

■  :M;r  .%F< 

W.  E.  Gilmore,  Esq., 

Vioe-Presdt.  Edison  Mfg.  Co., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

M.AA. ?.'///> 


OCT  2  9  1902 

F\  A  NS. 

Dear  Sir,- 

Mr.  Abbott,  the  attorney  for  the  Anthonys,  called 
upon  us  this  morning,  and  made  an  argument  in  support  of 
the  value  of  the  Latham  patent  reoently  issued.  The  An¬ 
thonys  have  this  patent  for  sale.  Mr.  Abbott  says  they 
have  spent  about  $18,000  on  the  matter  and  he  thinks  would 
expect  to  get  their  money  babk  and  something  more.  We  told 
him  that  we  would  call  this  matter  to  your  attention  the 
first  of  next  week.  At  that  time  we  will  make  a  report 
to  you  upon  the  Latham  patent.  In  our  discussion  with 
Mr.  Abbott  we  attempted  to  impress  him  with  the  small  value 
of  the  Latham  patent  and  with  the  general  fact  that  the 
living-picture  business  is  not  large  enough  to  warrant  pay¬ 
ing  substantial  sums  for  patents. 

Yoys  v^r^truly, 



)  -tap 



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VL^  CC  C|  O 

ap  i'^To-e  I'vcuus,  6  eowJ  a.ol'l"^.  <t>C  <r- 
OTviL  YVC^y^.  OwjajQyf v c e'-t  i^u  IlCtLcCe,  CO  2.  LOc (j£^  (s>*Zr  tv.  <5\, 
J^cok  ~T7r  ct^  ,c.f_ . d-'^cn  k' 

1902.  Phonograph  -  General  (D-02-28) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  technical  and  commercial  development  of  phonographs.  Included  are 
items  pertaining  to  the  original  stockholders  of  the  Edison  Phonograph 
Works,  phonograph  sales  in  Europe,  and  Edison's  process  for  molding  and 
duplicating  phonograph  records.  Also  included  is  a  letter  regarding  the  suit 
brought  against  Edison  by  the  New  York  Phonograph  Co. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
items  not  selected  consist  of  correspondence,  contracts,  and  other 
documents  concerning  the  business  of  Ralph  H.  Beach,  G.  Howlett  Davis, 
and  the  Pianophone  Co.,  a  firm  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  automatic 
pianos  and  perforated  music  rolls. 

NewYqrk Office  135  Fifth  Avenue, 
Chicago  Office  144  Wabash  Avenue, 
Foreign  Department  I5CeoarSt.NewYork. 

Thos.  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

The  Laughing  copy  is  what  we  shall  use,  as  per  proof  enclosed. 

Religious  Papers 

Christian  Herald 

Catholic  World  $  98.22 


Success  $  47.60 

Literary  Digest  22.85 

y\  Gates  R.  R.  Magazines.  74.84 


Womens'  Papers. 

Home  Companion  68.00 

t  Household.  30.94 

Earm  Pppers. 

'Earn  &  Eireside  71.40 

Earm  &  Home.  74.97 

Magaz ines. 

Everybody's  18,74 

—  Century  42.18 

-StNicholas  25.32 

o  Overland.  10.00 

10%  Magazines.  plus  7  \/Z% 

*  Munsey  $  112.50 
-McClure's  86.40 
^Scribner '  s  45.00 _  •= 

$  585.07 

—  Must  take  3  pages  during  1  year,  !»■ 
o  May  be  cut  out . 

?<Half  of  this  expires  March  and  half  in  June. 
AH  others;  MUST  stay  in  to  hold  rate. 



Dear  Sirs:- 

Please  ship  by  express,  oharged  prepaid,  to  Robt.  H. 
Thompson,  330  V.  86th  Street,  Rev/  York,  one  Home  Phonograph  oomplet 
with  new  reproducer,  1-  48"  horn  with  stand  and  2^  moulded  reoords 
as  follows:  7826,  589,  532,  7195,  5019,  680,4,  7680,  1048,  6905, 

7572,  7821,^7456,  7774,  7750,  7316,  8003,  7762,  3877,  3902,  7507, 
7697,  4032,  2604,  650,  664,  7573. 

Kindly  Bend  also  necessary  oil  and  oil  ban,  rendering 

bill  to 

-  Yours  very  truly, 

Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

Enclosed,  I  hand  you  a  clipping  from 
the  Chicago  Tribune  on  your  gold  vacuum  process. 

This  article  appeared  on  March  So  In  a  number  of 
papers  throughout  the  countiy,  such  as  Denver  Post; 
Commercial  Tribune,  Cincinnati;Dispatch,Pittsburgh; 
Uev/s-Tribune, Detroit  ;Tacoma  Ledger;Philadelphia  North- 
American;Post-Dispatch,St  Louis;  and  others,  as  well 
as  in  the  London  Daily  Mail. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


ew,  ta  .  ~  rwj. 

Newark,  N.J.,  May  24,1902. 

William  E.  Gilmore ,  Esq., 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Pear  sfir:- 

Referring  to  your  question  to  me  on  Thursday  as  to 
the  advisability  of  the  phonograph  business  abroad  being  done 
by  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Company,  I  would  say,  that  such  a 
course  does  not  seem  to  me  at  present  advisable.  Through  the 
amount  of  work  you  have  done  and  the  amount  of  advertising, 
the  National  Phonograph  Company  is  well  known  throughout  the 
world-and  the  good  will  of  that  business  would  to  some  extent 
bo  sacrificed.  But  there  is  another  more  important  phase  in 
the  matter.  We  are  now  disputing  the  validity  of  some  of  Mr. 
Edison's  foreign  patents.  That  can  be  don®  by  any  third  party, 
but  if  Mr.  Edison  himself  attempts  to  infringe  the  patents,  a 
court  would  enjoin  him  as  he  would  bo  estopped  from  denying  their 
validity.  The  same  might  happen  to  a  company  of  which  ho  was  the 
president jand  whether  he  was  or  was  not  officially  connected  with 
the  company  if  it  contained  his  name,  it  would  have  a  poorer 
standing  in  Court.  Also,  it  is  doubtful  as  to  whether  the  Edison- 
Bell  have  not  the  exclusive  right  of  Mr.  Edison's  name  in  England 
in  connection  with  the  sale  of  articles  under  the  Edison  patents, 
which  they  own.  Taking  it  all  to-gether,  I  would  say,  that  such  a 
coprse  would  be  realty  to  invite  ilitlgation  and  hanpor  the  busi- 



MAY  i 




Thomaa  A. Edison, Knq. , 
Llewellyn  Park, 
Orange, N.  J, 

United  States  on  the  relation  of  New 
York  Phonograph  Co. va. Thomaa  A.Ed- 

Dear  Sir: 

■T  hereby  give  explicit  notice  to  you, to  your  counsel ,iraderick 
P.  Guild, Eaq..  ,of  HHxxdarxsy^lfe&x?:  Newark, N.  J.  ,and  'to  the  aolicitora  of 
record, Meaara . Bobina on, Biddle  &  Ward, in  the  suit  brought  againat  you; 
the  National  Phonograph  Co.  and  others; in  the  U.S. Circuit  Court, South¬ 
ern  District  of  New  York, for  which  purpose  X  send  a  copy  of  this  letter 
to  each  of  you. 

On  July  31, 1902, his  Honor, Judge  Lacombe,on  the  relation  of  the  New' 
York  Phonograph  Co. , signed" an  order  directing  you, Thomaa  A. 
appear  in  person  before  the  Circuit  Court  of  the  United  Statea  for  the 
Southern  District  of  New  York, on  Aug. 6, 1902, at  12  o'clock  noon  in  the 
Court  Boom  at  the  Peat-Office  Building, in  New  York  City, to  show  cauae 
why  you  should . not  be  punished  for  contempt  by  reaaon  of  your  neglect 
and  refusal  to  obey  the  subpoena  served  upon  you  on  the  18th  day  of  Ju¬ 
ly,  1902,  directing  you  to  appear  and  testify  and  to  bring  with  you  cer¬ 
tain  documents  before  John  A. Shields, Esq. , at  11  o'clock  on  the  25th  day 
of  July, 1902. 

When  the  motion  to  punish  you  for  contempt  was  called  on  the  6th 
day  of  August, 1902,1  stated  to  the  oourt  that  I  had  been  unable  to 
serve  upon  you,Thomaa  A.Edison,the  order  to  show  cauae  and  for  that 
°r  ^  SiVe  y°U  “  °PPOrtUnl'ty  a^'ing  cause  why  you 
joum  to  aa- 

order  of -the  court.  Your  counsel  Mr. Guild, to  whom  you  referred  tie , has 
given  me  no  explanation  whatever  aa  to  why  you  failed  to  appear  and 
testify  in  accordance  with  the  subpoena, and, although  1  notified  Mr. 
Guild, on  Monday , Aug . 4 , of  Judge  Lacombe’a  order  and  notified' also  the 
person  in  charge  of  your  laboratory  and  notified  also  Mr. William  !3. Gil¬ 
more,  your  business  associate  at  Orange, Hew  Jersey, of  the  said  order  di¬ 
recting  you  to  appear  before  Judge  Lacombe  on  Aug . 6, as  above  stated, 1 
could  obtain  no  positive  information  as  'to  your  whereabouts.  Your 

counsel, Mr. Guild, refused  to  accept  service  of  Judge  Lacombe’a  order  for 
you.  My  representative, Herbert  V/.Andem, called  at  your  residence  and  at 
your  laboratory  Aug. 4, 1902, stated  at  each  place  that  he  desired  to  she 
serve  Judge  Lacombe ’a  order  upon  you  and  was  informed  that  you  had  been 
away  for  a  week  and  Would  not  return  for  a  week.  MT. Guild  informed  me 
that  this  statement  was  incorrect, b.ut  Mr. Guild  refused  to  tell  me  when 
he  had  last  seen  you.  Mr. Gilmore, on  the  same  day, tags  Aug. 4, told  me 
when  I  inquired  from  him  over  the  'telephone  that  he  understood  that  you 

had  received  a  telegram  from  Akron, Ohio, and  that  you  had  gone  there. 

I  desire  a  direct  and  positive  statement  from  you  aa  to  whether 
you  are  seeking  to^  avoid  the  service  of  Judge  Lacombe’a  order  directing 
you  to  appear  before  him  Aug.  20,1902'. 

Yours  truly. 

Counsel  for  New  York  Phonograph  Co. 

through  their  representative,  Mr.  Chas.  H.  Patrick  of  New  York  CltV,V'Y 
entered  an  order  with  us  some  little  time  ago  for  500  Homs  type  machMes- 
We  made  a  shipment  of  50  machines  on  account  of  this  order  equipped 
with  the  old  type  reproducers;  that  is,  not  the  Model  C,  hut  the  type 
in  use  heretofore.  They  now  want  us  to  furnish  the  order  complete 
with  the  Model  C  reproducers,  and  I  have  refused  to  quote  them  on  the 
Model  C  reproducer  as  well  as  on  moulded  records;  and  I  do  not  see  that 
we  should  give  them  the  benefit  of  this  new  apparatus  at  the  price  we 
are  charging  them.  You  will  remember  that  you  set  your  foot  down 
about  our  furnishing  any  of  this  apparatus  to  the  Edison-Bell  crowd. 

I  understood  from  Hayes  that  a  contract  was  being  drawn  and  X 
presume  that  it  is  now  on  the  way  here  to  be  signed,  covering  the 
arrangement  made  as  to  our  working  harmoniously  with  the  Edison-Bell 
people ,  but  I  do  not  feel  that  we  should  go  ahead  and  give  them  all  of 
our  new  apparatus  until  we  are  certain  that  the  contract  will  be  signed, 
assuming,  of  course,  that  it  is  satisfactory  to  us  in  every  way. 

In  the  meantime  I  have  given  orders  that  we  shall  not  equip  any 
of  their  phonographs  with  other  than  the  old^type  repr^ce^. 

you  any  further  instructions  to  give? 

Yours  very  t| 


V-’.  F..  (illmors,KB<i. , 



near  f34r  s  — 

Floafto  eanrt  to  Willard  P.  Reid,  Babylon,  New  York,  one 
Honp  Phonograph,  a  54"  horn  and  100  of  the  latest  and  best  recorde 
Also  to  Robert  H.  Thompson,'  330  Weet  Sflth  Street,  Hew. 
York,  50  of  the  latest  Rood  records. 

Kindly  render  bill  to  Hr.  Edison,. as  the  above  go  to 
Messrs.  Reid  and  Thompson  v/fth  his  compliments. 

Draft  of  letter  from  the  National  Phonograph  Company  to  the 
International  Text  Book  Company. 


Dear  Sirs:-  •*'**$5^ 

We  agree  to  defend  at  our  own  expense  all  suits  based  on 
alleged  infringements  of  patents,  or. on  alleged  violation  of  oon- 
traots  claimed  to'  he  binding  on  us,  that  may  be  brought  against  you 
or  your  agontfor  students  on  aooount  of  using,  selling  or  loaning 
in  the  Un 1 fodiS tat e s  phonographs,  reoords  or  phonograph  supplies 
sold  by  u«|jfe^yof^ad  to  pay  all  judgments  for  oosts  and  damages 
that  may  bb  recovered  bona  fide  against  you  or  your  agents  or  stu¬ 

dents  in  any  suoh  suits}  provided  that  we  Bhall  receive  notioe  of 
the  oommenoement  of  suoh  suits  in  time  to  interpose  a  defense,  and 
that  the  oonduot  of  suoh  defense  shall  be  exclusively  in  the  hands 
of  our  attorneys* 

agree  to  defend  at  our  own  expense  all  suits 
that  may  be  brought  against  you  by  any  of  your  students  (to  whom 
you  have  sold  or  loaned  phonographs,  reoords  or  phonograph  supplies 
pur abased  from  us)  to  recover  damages  for  breaches  of  oontraot 
elaimed  to  have  arisen  by  reason  of  suoh  students  having  been  en¬ 
joined  by  a  «ourt  of  Law  or  Bquity  from  using  suoh  phonographs, 
reoords  or  phonograph  supplies,  and  to  pay  all  Judgments  for  oosts 
and  damages  rendered  against  you  in  any  suoh  suits;  provided  that 

we  shall  receive  notice  of  the  commencement  of  all  suoh  suits  for 
injunction  against  your  students  and  of  all  suoh  suits  for  damages 
by  your  students  against  you,  in  time  to  interpose  a  defense,  and 
that  the  oonduct  of  the  defense,  of  all  suoh  Buits  shall  be  exclusive¬ 
ly  in  the  hands  of  our  attorneys.  We  are  not  to  be  responsible, 
however,  for  any  Judgment  rendered  in  any  suoh  suit  for  damages 
brought  by  any  of  your  students  against  you  to  an  amount  exoeeding 
the  amount  paid  to  you  by  suoh  student  for  tuition  together  with 
interest  and  oosts. 

This  guarantee  is  to  apply  to  all  phonographs,  records 
and  phonograph  supplies  already  sold  by  us  to  you.  Also  to  all  phon¬ 
ographs  ,  records  and  phonograph;,  supplies  hereafter  sold  by  ub  to 
you  until  we  shall  give  you  a  written  notice  of  the  cancellation 
of  this  guarantee.  After  such  notice  is  received  by  you  this  guar¬ 
antee  shall  not,  unless  otherwise  agreed  between  us,  apply  to 
phonographs,  records  or  phonograph  supplies  thereafter  sold  by  us 
to  you. 

Yours  truly, 

1902.  Phonograph  -  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  business  of  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.  and  other  companies 
organized  to  exploit  the  Edison  phonograph  in  countries  other  than  the  United 
States  and  Canada.  Included  are  documents  concerning  the  termination  of 
the  business  of  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Co.,  account  statements,  and 
personal  items  to  and  from  Stephen  F.  Moriarty.  Only  the  material  pertaining 
to  the  dissolution  of  the  company  has  been  selected. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

.  'Ca,-  '  //  //„',/„ 


February  11,1902 . A.9AJ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J, 

Dear  Mr  Edison: 

I  hope  you  have  had  time  to  turn  oyer  the  phonograph 
paper  vfeich  I  left  in  your  hands  when  X  last  saw  you, and  can  see  some 
way  in  which  you  can  do  something  about  it.  If  you  can,  I  should  be 
glad  to  hear  from  you. 


J.  Tl  .  .. 

•  /  :  '  ‘  ' 

|  A»  a  -has in  of  settlement.  between  the  Interests  represented 
|j  by  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company  and  the  various .  oom- 
||  parties  controlled' by  it ,  and-  the  .  interest s  represented  by  Vr 
|  Thomas  A.  Edison  and  the  National  Phonograph  .Company  and  the. 

|  other  .companies  and  interests  controlled  by  them, 

fl)  The  Edison  United  Phonograph  Company  shall  bo  wound 

|  up. 

||  f2)  A  new  ooi/rpany  shall  bo  forjned,  t.C  be  entitled  . 

||  the  "Edison  International  Phonograph  Company,"  with  a  capital 
|  stock  qf  £1,000,000.. 

||  To  this  company  shall  bo  transferred  all  of  the  internet-, 

j;  contracts  and  property  now  owned  or  controlled  by  the  Edison 
[  United  Phonograph  Company,  including  the  money  in  its  treasure 
|  or  held  for  its  aooount,  or  in  the  treasury  of  the  Inter hat lot 
|  al  Oraphophone  Company  (the  seme  being*  about"'. ‘UOjOOO ),  and  fc.1- 
I  so  £4 ,000,000  of  the  stool;  of  the  International  Rraphophone. 
ji  Company  whidh  carries  with  it,  the  ownership  of  £144,000' of 
|  tho  stock  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works-. 
j|  (?>)  A  mortgage  to  aaoure  bonds  for  $400,000  shall  be 

|  made  by  this  company,  secured  upon  all  of  it's  property.  Thcc  1 
||  bonds  shall  be  used  to  take  up  in  exchange  for  the  .present  is  - 

j|  sue  of  £."f)0,000  of  notes  of  the  Edison  United  Phonograph  Com- 

’  -  .  -  - 

j.  pany. 

(.4)  This  company  shall  offer  to  transfer  to  Vr  Edison 

!Ior  t.o  the  Natl  onar  Phonograph  the  rights  owned  by 
it  under. ..on y  of.,  its  contract n  for  the-mnnufacturo-  of  phono-  -- 
graphs  for  sale  in  any  part  of  tho  world,  and  ohall  transfer 
to  Ur  Edison  or  to  his  nominee,  one-quarter  of  its  capital 
st.ook,  to  wit,  £?,r>0,000  of  the  said  stock,  on  condition  that. 

|j  one-quarter  of  the  capital  st.ook  of  the  National  Phonograph 
j  Company  shall  be  assigned  by  him  or  the  present'  owners  t.hore- 
j|  of,  to  the  proponed  now  company. 


(5)  The  balance  of  tlie  capital  stock  of  this  company , 
to  wit,  $750,000,  -shall  he  distributed,  as  respects  $300,000, 
pro  rata  to  the  stockholders  of  the  International  Oraphophonc 
Company, in  retirement  of  the  present  capital  stock- of  that 
company ,  The  remaining  $450,000  shall  he  Issued  t.o  Oary  ft 
'ihftrldge ,  for  distribution  by  them  In  the  manner  agreed  upon 
by  them,  or  as  they  may  see  fit, 

(Ct)  The  board  Of  directors  and,  the  officers,  of.  the  new 
company  shall  be  mominated  by  Messrs^ Oary  A  "hit ridge . 

(7)  The  undersigned  agree  for  themselves  and  the  var¬ 
ious  interests  represented  by  them,  to  fto  everything  in  their 
power  to  carry  out  the  proposed  settlement  .herein  outlined,  ' 
and  for  t.Jiat  purpose  agree  to  plaoe  their  resignations  in  the 
hands  of  Kessrs  Oary  ft  vhitridge  and  hold  all, the  st.ooks  of 
any  of  the  above  mentioned  .companies  in  their  possession  or 
under  their  control,  subject  to  the  order  of  Kessrs  Oary  ft 
Thitri'dge,  for  the  purpose  of  carrying  out  the  proposed  set¬ 

My  Dear  Whitridge; 

in  regard,  to  your  memo,  in  re  Edison  United  Phonograph  Co. 
Paragraph  1,  This  would  "be  a  good  idea,  as  useless  expense  for  rent 
and  salaries,  eto.  would  he  cut  off. 

paragraph  2  &  3,  Nothing  can  he  gained  and  muoh  will  he  lost  hy 
carrying  out  the  scheme  in  this  paragraph. 

Paragraph  4.  The  propo  sed  transfer  of  manufacturing  rights  to  Edison 
can  not  he  oarried  out  hy  the  proposed. company  for  the  reason  that 
these  rights  as  far  as  the  Edison  interest  and  patents  are  concerned 
were  never  owned  hy  the  Edison  United  hut  have  always  heen  owned 
hy  the  Phonograph  Works  and  as  far  aB  the  Graphaphone  manufacturing 
rights,  owned  hy  the  International  Graphaphone  Co.,  these  were  bought 
from  the  International  Graphaphone  Co.,  for  which  the  Works  paid  over 
$90,000,  so  you  see  the  Works  already  own  the  exclusive  manufacturing 
rights  of  manufacturing  in  all  Countries,  exoept  England  and  Germany. 

At  the  present  time  every  patent  owned  hy  the  Edison 
United  Co.  has  expired,  naturally  and  hy  reasons  of  non  compliance 
With  the  laws. 

Mt.  Twomlly  never  would  take  my  advioe  and  prohahly  will 
not  do  so  now  hut,  nevertheless  I  will  give  it  thus: 

Wind  up  the  Edison  United  Co.  and  the  International,  take 
all  the  assets  and  put  them  in  a  trust  and  this  in  a  trust  company, 
appoint,  say  Mr,  Whitridge,  liquidating  trustee,  issue  collateral 
trust  bond  in  exohange  for  notes  outstanding,  eto.,  stop  all  expenses 
and  then  let  the  liquidating  trustee  investigate  the  whole  matter  and 

liquidate  to  the  test  advantage. 

Searles  and  Moriarity  are  entitled  to  nothing, 
not  object,  I  think  beoause  the  last  loan  will  not  bear 
They  will  die  easy  if  any  investigation  is  insinuated. 

Yours  truly, 

,  They  will 

Thomas  A.  Edison. 


Hew  York,  February  19,  1902. 

Dear  Sir:- 

VTi'fcJn  reference  to  the  statement  of  Mr .  Edison,  referred 
to  in  the  letter  addressed  to  you  by  Erederick  W.  V/hitridge,  Esq.., 
under  date  of  the  14th  inst.,  we  beg  to  say: 

The  first  paragraph  of  the  statement  is  as  follows: 

ihe  proposed  transfer  of  manufacturing  rights  to  Edison 
can  not  be  carried  out  by  the  proposed  company